CN2594378Y - Automatic lifting scaffolds with guide seats - Google Patents

Automatic lifting scaffolds with guide seats Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2594378Y
CN2594378Y CN 02226086 CN02226086U CN2594378Y CN 2594378 Y CN2594378 Y CN 2594378Y CN 02226086 CN02226086 CN 02226086 CN 02226086 U CN02226086 U CN 02226086U CN 2594378 Y CN2594378 Y CN 2594378Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lifting
device
means
guide
scaffold
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CN 02226086
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈海晏
钟建都
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深圳市特辰升降架工程有限公司
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Priority to CN 02226086 priority Critical patent/CN2594378Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2594378Y publication Critical patent/CN2594378Y/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms

Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic lifting scaffold with a guide seat. A lifting system of the utility model comprises a lifting device which is fixedly connected to the lower part of the frame body of the scaffold and a regulating pretension device which is fixedly connected to the upper part of the frame body of the scaffold, wherein, a guide chain device is separately hung with the free end of the regulating pretension device and two moving ends of the lifting device, and the lifting system also comprises a multifunctional adhering and supporting device which is connected with buildings. The lifting device is fixedly connected to the frame body of the scaffold, and the guide chain device and the regulating pretension device can be regulated without manually moving the lifting device and hanging points. The regulating pretension device can automatically regulate the length change of a lifting end and a chain outlet end due to angular change during lifting to ensure synchronous lifting on both ends without being clamped, and a pretension device in the system can ensure the system to bear homogeneous lifting load. The multifunctional adhering and supporting device centralizes the functions of adhering and supporting, bearing load, resisting drop, regulating preformed hole errors and mechanisms and partially eliminating secondary stress into integration, and the utility model has the advantages of higher safety.

Description

导座式自动化升降脚手架 Guiding Support Automation lifting scaffolding

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及建筑施工设备,具体涉及一种用于建筑施工可与升降式脚手架同步升降并可使施工设备中的升降架及升降平台能顺利升降和附着承力的导座式自动化升降脚手架。 The present invention relates to construction equipment, particularly relates to a construction may be synchronized with the lift elevating work platform and make the construction of the device and lifting the lifting frame and the lifting platform can smoothly guide base attached to the load-bearing lifting scaffolding automation.

本实用新型这样解决上述技术问题,构造一种导座式自动化升降脚手架,包括格式导轨件、与格式导轨件连接的脚手架体,其特征在于,还包括固接在所述脚手架架体下部的提升设备、固接在脚手架架体上部的调节预紧装置、导链装置分别与所述调节预紧装置的悬空端和所述提升设备的两个移动端相挂接,还包括将所述格式导轨件定位附着在建筑物上的多功能附着支撑装置。 Thus the present invention is to solve the above technical problem, the guide base automation construct a lifting scaffold, comprising a guide member format, and the format of the scaffold rail member connected to the body, characterized by further comprising a fixed lower portion of the frame body lifting scaffold device, fixed to the upper portion of the scaffolding frame member adjustment means biasing chain guide means respectively with the regulator free end of the biasing device and the lifting of two mobile end devices attached, said format further comprises a guide rail multifunction support means attaching the positioning member is attached to a building.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述提升设备是单链、环链、多链电动葫芦中的一种,还可以是一种低速卷扬机。 In accordance with the present invention provides the above-described scaffolding, the lifting device is a single-stranded chain, a multiple of the chain hoist, the hoisting machine may also be a low speed.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述导链装置包括定滑轮和柔性导链钢丝,所述定滑轮挂接在所述调节预紧装置上,所述柔性导链钢丝的一端穿过所述定滑轮与所述提升设备的移动端相挂接,所述柔性导链钢丝的另一端穿过所述提升设备的另一个移动端后与吊挂点挂接。 In the scaffold according to the present invention provides, said chain guide means comprises a fixed pulley and a flexible chain guide wire, a fixed pulley mounted on said adjustment biasing means, the end of the flexible guide wire through the chain the fixed pulley and the movement of the lifting device attached end, the other end of the flexible chain guide wire movement through the other end of the lifting device and the point of attachment mount.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述调节预紧装置包括伸缩弹簧、与所述伸缩弹簧串接的调节杆。 In accordance with the present invention provides the above-described scaffolding, said adjusting means comprises a retractable spring prestressing, the telescopic adjustment lever spring connected in series.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述多功能附着支撑装置包括附墙固定件、固接在所述附墙固定件下部的防坠摆针装置,所述附墙固定件的两侧板上设有水平直槽,还包括对称设置在所述附墙固定件两侧板内侧,可沿所述侧板内侧移动的导座装置、设置在所述两侧板外侧,通过所述侧板上的水平直槽与所述导座装置连接的微调装置。 In the sides of the scaffolding according to the present invention is provided, comprising the multifunction support means attached to the wall attachment fixture, the safety gear fixed to the fixing member attached to the wall of the lower portion of the needle swing apparatus, the fixing member attached to the wall straight plate provided with a horizontal groove, further comprising symmetrically disposed in the fixing member attached to the wall inner side plates, along the inside of the guide base plate movement means is provided outside the side plates, through the side horizontal plate straight groove trimming means connected to said retainer means.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述导座装置包括具有开口的安装支架、平行设置在所述支架开口两侧的转轴,所述转轴上套装有滚轮。 In the scaffold according to the present invention provided, said retainer means comprises a mounting bracket having an opening, a rotary shaft disposed in parallel on both sides of the opening of the bracket, the rotating shaft sleeved rollers.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述微调装置包括穿过侧板上的直槽与所述导向装置固接的套轴,固接在所述侧板外侧,并与所述直槽侧边平行设置的齿条,与所述齿条啮合的齿轮套装在所述套轴上,所述套轴上设有可将所述齿轮定位在啮合位置的螺母。 In the scaffold according to the present invention provides, said fine adjusting means comprises a sleeve shaft through the straight groove on the side of the fixed guide means, outside the fixed plate, and with the straight groove a rack disposed parallel to the side, engaging with the rack gear sleeved on the shaft sleeve, the sleeve is provided with the gear shaft may be positioned at the engaged position the nut.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述微调装置包括穿过所述侧板上的直槽与所述导向装置固接的连接杆、连接在所述连接杆端部的螺母、与所述螺母啮合的螺杆定位连接在设置所述侧板外侧的支架上,所述螺杆的一端固接有调节螺帽,所述螺杆的另一端套装有弹性装置,所述弹性装置的一侧抵靠在所述支架的侧板上,所述弹性装置的另一侧设有与所述螺杆啮合的定位螺母和开口销。 In the scaffold according to the present invention provides, said fine adjusting means comprises a connecting rod through a straight slot of the guide means on said fixed plate is connected to the rod end of the connecting nut, and the positioning said screw engaging a nut connected to the outer side of the bracket is provided, one end of the screw is fixed to an adjustment nut, the other end of the set screw resilient means, one side of the resilient means against the side plate of the bracket, the other side of the elastic apparatus is provided with positioning nut engaged with the screw and cotter pin.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述微调装置包括穿过所述侧板上的直槽与所述导向装置固接的螺杆,连接在所述固接螺杆上的螺母。 In the scaffold according to the present invention provides, said trimming means includes a straight groove and the guide means on the side plates fixedly connected through the screw, fixed on the connecting nut screw connection.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述防坠摆针装置包括转动连接的防坠卡块、与所述防坠卡块一端连接的复位弹簧,可调节的摆针与固定在所述防坠卡块中部的螺母啮合连接。 In the scaffold according to the present invention provided herein, the anti-fall device includes a rotatable needle swing safety gear connected to the clamping block, the clamping block the safety gear return spring connected at one end, with adjustable needle fixed to the pendulum anti-falling central sprag nut mating connector.

在上述按照本实用新型提供的脚手架中,所述弹性装置由多个碟簧重叠在一起构成。 In accordance with the present invention provides the above-described scaffolding, the overlapping elastic means constituted by a plurality of disc springs together.

实施本实用新型提供的导座式自动化升降脚手架,通过将提升设备下移固接在脚手架的架体上,并在原装置结构中增加导链装置和调节预紧装置,使用时无须人工移动升降设备和上吊挂点,降低了操作人员的劳动强度;同时,制作成本低,通用性强,可使升降脚手架的调节预紧装置根椐受力大小自动调节该升降装置由于升降时角度变化引起的提升端和出链端的长度变化,保证两端同步升降而不致卡住,系统中的预紧装置可保证多个升降装置升降前预紧一致,承受均匀的升降荷载;配套设置在建筑物上的多功能附着支撑装置中设有导座、附着荷载及误差调节、防坠安全等构件,集附着支撑、承受荷载、防坠装置、调整预留孔误差和机构和部份消除(因推挤产生的)次应力装置于一体,本发明的适用面广,结构简单,紧凑、体积小、安装容易,使用更安 Guide base automation embodiment the present invention provides a lifting scaffold, down by the lifting device fixed on the scaffolding frame body, and increase the biasing chain guide means and adjusting means in the original structure of the device without the use of manually moving the lifting device and the point of attachment, reduce labor intensity; the same time, low manufacturing cost, versatility, biasing means can lift adjusting noted in lifting scaffolding automatically adjust the size of the force due to the lifting device lifting angle changes caused by end and the change in length of the chain ends, and both ends to ensure synchronous lifting without jamming, the system may be consistent plurality of biasing means lifting the lifting device before the prestressing, subjected to a uniform load lift; multiple provided on the building support function is provided with guide means attached to the support base, and the load attachment error adjusting, anti-fall safety means, attached to the support assembly to withstand loads, safety brake device, and means to adjust the preformed holes and partial elimination of errors (generated by pushing ) times the stress in one apparatus, the present invention is widely applicable, simple and compact structure, small volume, easy to install, safer to use 可靠。 Reliable.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

图1示出了本实用新型导座式自动化升降脚手架的组成结构以及与脚手架架体的连接示意图,系统中设有固接在脚手架架体3下部的提升设备4,固接在脚手架架体3上部的调节预紧装置1,还设有一个导链装置2分别与调节预紧装置1的悬空端和提升设备4的两个移动端相挂接,提升设备1可通过导链装置2拉动脚手架的架体3上下移动;在系统中还设有与建筑物固接的多功能附着支撑装置6,多功能附着支撑装置6与脚手架中的格式导轨件滑动连接,配合使用,可将脚手架架体3垂直定位附着在建筑物上,附着支撑装置6具有导向、误差调节和防坠安全的作用。 Figure 1 shows a guide block of the present invention of formula composition structure and a schematic view of automated lifting scaffolding with scaffolding frame body is connected, the system is provided with a lifting device 4 is fixed to the lower portion of the body frame 3 in the scaffold, the scaffold fixed to the body frame 3 adjusting an upper biasing device 1, device 2 are further provided with a chain guide means is pulled through the free end of adjusting biasing means and lifting of two mobile end devices 4 mounted, a lifting of a chain guide means scaffolding 2 the vertically movable body frame 3; the system further attachment with an integrated support device 6 fixed to the building, the multifunction device 6 is attached slidably connected to the support rail form a scaffolding member, with use, the scaffolding frame member 3 positioned vertically is attached to the building, having a guide attached to the supporting means 6, and error-adjusting anti-fall safety role.

构成升降系统的提升设备4可采用具有两个相反移动端的环链电动葫芦、单链电动葫芦或双链电动葫芦来实现,还可以采用一种提升速度很慢的低速卷扬机来实现。 The lifting device 4 can be configured hoist system having two opposite ends of the moving electric chain hoist, a single-stranded or double-stranded electric hoist electric hoist is achieved, may also use a low-speed slow lifting hoist achieved.

系统中的导链装置2可采用两种结构来实现,一种是由定滑轮21和柔性导链钢丝22构成,将定滑轮21挂接在调节预紧装置1的悬空端上(如图2所示),将柔性导链钢丝22的一端穿过定滑轮21后与提升设备4的移动端41相挂接,将柔性导链钢丝22的另一端穿过提升设备4的另一个移动端42后与吊挂点5挂接(如图1、图2所示)。 The chain guide device system 2 two structures may be employed to achieve a flexible chain guide wire 22 is composed of a fixed pulley 21 and the fixed pulley 21 mounted on the free end of the adjusting preloading device 1 (FIG. 2 shown), the end of the flexible wire 22 passing through the chain guide pulley 21 and the fixed rear lifting device of the mobile terminal 41 of hook 4, the chain guide and the other end of the flexible wire 22 passes through the lifting device 42 to another mobile terminal 4 after the suspension point 5 attached (FIG. 1, FIG. 2).

另一种导链装置可采用滑轮组和柔性拉索构成,将滑轮组的支点与调节预紧装置挂接,将柔性拉索的一端穿过滑轮组后与提升设备的移动端相挂接,柔性拉索的另一端穿过提升设备的另一个移动端后与吊挂点挂接(图中未示出)。 Another chain guide apparatus may employ pulleys and a flexible cable constituting the fulcrum of the adjustment pulley assembly biasing device mounted, the rear end of the flexible cable passes through the pulleys of the mobile lifting device mounted end, the flexible cable the other end through the other end of the mobile lifting device and the point of attachment hooks (not shown).

上吊挂点可通过提升设备的运转自动上升或下降,无须人工转运,上吊挂点通过螺栓组件固定于建筑结构上。 The point of attachment may be raised by the operation of the automatic lifting apparatus or down, without manual transport, the suspension point by means of a bolt assembly is fixed to the building structure.

图2示出了与升降系统中调节预紧装置的具体结构示意图,从图中可知该装置可根据升降装置自重和升降过程中两端因角度变化引起的长度变化进行自动调节,确保升降过程中升降和导链的同步,该装置可以是弹簧结构(开式和闭式均可),也可以是液压装置或其它结构,可以采用弹簧11和螺栓调节杆12构成(图中所示)或其它可以调节长度的结构来实现;调节预紧装置可以是根据受力大小自动调节该升降装置由于升降时角度变化引起的提升端和出链端的长度变化,保证两端同步升降而不致卡住,在其顶部,另加装长度调节装置,作为升降装置升降前的预紧装置,保证多个升降装置升降前预紧一致,承受均匀的升降荷载。 FIG 2 shows a schematic view of a specific configuration of adjusting biasing device with the lifting system, the device may be found automatically adjusted according to changes in the length of the lifting device and the lifting weight process ends because the angle variation caused from the figure, the lifting process to ensure lifting the chain guide and synchronization, the apparatus may be a spring structure (open and closed can be), but may be hydraulic or other structure, the spring 11 may be employed and the bolt 12 constituting the adjusting lever (shown) or other overall length can be adjusted to achieve; biasing means may be adjusted automatically adjusts the lifting device since the angular change due to the change in length and the lifting end of the lift chain ends, and both ends to ensure synchronous lifting without jamming the size of the force, in top, plus a length adjusting device mounted as a biasing means before lifting the lifting device, lifting the front ensure consistent preload plurality of lifting devices, the lifting subjected to a uniform load.

在上述结构中,各个装置可构成一个自动环型的提升导链环,它既能保证升降时两端的同步,又能自动移动上吊挂点。 In the above configuration, each device may constitute a ring automatically lifting the chain guide ring, which can ensure synchronization across the lift, and can automatically move the point of attachment.

本实用新型系统中的多功能附着支撑装置是以附墙承力固定件为基本件,将导座装置8和防坠装置10及微调装置12均安装在其上,附墙固定件由附墙固定板7和两侧板72、73构成,在固定件和两侧板72、73上均设有水平直滑槽71、74、75(图3、4、5、6所示),导座装置8设置在附着承力构件7两侧板72、73的内侧,防坠装置10安装在导座装置8的下面;微调装置12安装在附着承力构件7两侧板72、73的外侧并通过侧板上的直槽74、75与导座装置8连接,附着承力构件起附墙作用和承载作用,设置在附墙固定板7上的直槽71可调节预留孔的误差,导座装置8既起导向作用,又是防坠装置10的盒体,同时又和附着承力构件7的滑槽71及微调装置12起微调水平方向距离和减少格式导轨件9与导座装置8之间因推挤而产生的次应力作用。 The system of the present invention attached to multifunction support means are attached to the wall member is substantially fixed to the load-bearing member 8 and the guide block 10 and the safety brake device adjustment device 12 are mounted thereon, attached to the wall by a fixing member attached to the wall the fixed plate 7 and the side plates 72 and 73 constitute, on the fixed member and the side plates 72 and 73 are provided with a horizontal linear slide 71,74,75 (FIG. 3,4,5,6), the guide base 8 means 7 is provided inside the side plates 72 and 73 attached to the load-bearing member, the safety brake device 10 mounted below the guide block device 8; and fine adjustment means 12 is mounted on the outside of the side plates 7 attached to the bearing components 72 and 73 by straight grooves 74, 75 on the plate 8 is connected to the guide block means, attached to the load-bearing member attached to the wall effect and play a role of carrier, disposed on the fixing plate 7 attached to the wall of the groove 71 may be a straight prepared hole error adjustable guide means both seat 8 from the guide, but also anti-fall cassette unit 10, and while sliding member 7 is attached to the load-bearing means 71 and the trim 12 and the distance from the horizontal direction to reduce the fine adjustment guide member 9 form guide block device 8 time between stress generated due to pushing.

导座装置8的结构如图5所示,在导座装置8中设有具有开口的安装支架81,在支架81开口的两侧平行设置有转轴83,在转轴83上套装有滚轮82,滚轮82与格式导轨件9的配合有两种方式,一种是与导轨件9的外侧滚动配合,可将滚轮82靠近侧板72一端的外圆表面设置成与导轨件9外侧相吻合的弧形结构(图5所示),在导座装置8中,还可以采用在支架中设置垂直的滑动轴套的结构与格式导轨件9滑动配合导向。 Guide base device configuration shown in FIG. 8, with the seat in the guide means 5 has a mounting bracket 81 8 opening, parallel sides of the opening in the bracket 81 is provided with a shaft 83, the roller 82 is sleeved on the shaft 83, the roller 82 with the guide member 9 format, there are two ways, one is the outer rail rolling engagement member 9, the roller 82 may be close to the outer circumferential surface of one end of the side plate 72 is arranged outside the guide member 9 coincide arcuate configuration (FIG. 5), the seat in the guide means 8, 9 may be adopted a sliding sleeve slidably disposed vertically in the support structure and format of the guide rail with the guide member.

本实用新型提供了三种微调装置结构来实现导座装置8的微调功能,一种结构如图5、图8所示,设有穿过侧板72上的直槽74与导座装置8固接的套轴122,设有固接在侧板72外侧,并与直槽74侧边平行设置的齿条121,与齿条121啮合的齿轮124套装在套轴122上,在套轴122上设有可将齿轮124定位在啮合位置的螺母123。 The present invention provides three adjustment device structure to achieve fine-tuning guide base device 8, a configuration in FIG. 5, FIG. 8, the upper plate 72 is provided through the straight groove 74 and the guide block fixed device 8 contact sleeve shaft 122, is provided fixed to the outer side plate 72, and the straight groove 74 disposed parallel to the side of the rack 121, the rack 121 meshed with the gear 124 fitted over the sleeve shaft 122, the sleeve shaft 122 124 may be provided with a gear positioned in the nut 123 engaged position. 当格式导轨件9受到向外拉或内压的作用力大于齿轮124两个端面在螺母123拧紧后的摩擦力时,可以将导向构件9在附着承力构件的滑槽74内往外调节或往里调节,消除因格式导轨件9升降时因受力不均而推挤产生次应力。 When the guide member 9 format or pulled outwardly by a force greater than the internal pressure of the two end faces of the friction gear 124 when the nut 123 is tightened, the guide member 9 may be adjusted out of or attached to the load-bearing member in the chute 74 in regulation, due to elimination of secondary stress guide member 9 format when the lift is generated due to uneven force pushing.

第二种微调装置结构如图6所示,设有穿过侧板73上的直槽74与导向装置8固接的连接杆131,连接在连接杆131端部的螺母137,与螺母137啮合的螺杆138定位连接在设置侧板72外侧的支架132上,螺杆138的另一端套装有弹性装置135(可采用多个碟簧重叠构成,也可以采用其它压簧构成),弹性装置135的一侧抵靠在支架132的侧板上,弹性装置135的另一侧设有与螺杆138啮合的定位螺母134和开口销133;这种结构是采用弹性装置来消除因格式导轨件9升降时因受力不均而推挤产生次应力。 A second adjustment device structure shown in Figure, is provided with a linear guide groove 74 and the upper plate 73 through the apparatus 68 fixedly attached to the connecting rod 131, the nut 131 is connected to an end of the connecting rod 137 engaged with nut 137 positioning screw 138 is connected to the outer side of the side plate 72 is provided in bracket 132, the other end of the set screw 138 resilient means 135 (constituting a plurality of superimposed disc springs may be employed, may be configured to use other compression spring), a resilient means 135 against the side of the side bracket 132, the other side of the elastic apparatus 135 is provided with a positioning nut 134 and the screw 138 engages pin 133 and the opening; this arrangement is to eliminate the elastic means when the guide member 9 because the format down by uneven force is generated pushing secondary stress.

第三种微调装置的结构如图4所示,设有穿过侧板72上的直槽74与导向装置8固接的螺杆76,在连接螺杆外侧设有压紧螺母77,利用压紧螺母77与侧板72的摩擦力来消除因格式导轨9升降时由于受力不均而推挤产生的次应力。 A third adjustment device structure shown in Figure 4, is provided with a linear guide groove 74 through the upper plate 72 of the device 8 is fixed to screw 76, it is provided on the outside of the gland nut screw 77 is connected by compression nut 77 and the friction plate 72 to eliminate the secondary stresses due to rail 9 format due to uneven force pushing the lift generated.

如图7所示,在防坠摆针装置10中设有转动连接的防坠卡块101,与防坠卡块101一端连接的复位弹簧104,可调节的摆针102与固定在防坠卡块101转动轴中部的螺母103啮合连接,将防坠装置10和格式导轨件9摆动配合,可起防坠落的作用,防坠装置10的摆针102可通过与其相啮合的螺母103来调节长度,当格式导轨件9的格孔有误差时可适当调节,确保防坠可靠,同时当复位弹簧104失效时,防坠装置10在防坠卡块101自重的作用下往下掉,也可起到防坠的作用。 As shown, block 101 is provided with safety gear rotatably connected to the card in needle swing safety gear apparatus 107, the safety gear is connected to one end of the engaging piece 101 of the return spring 104, the swing pin 102 may be adjusted and fixed in fall arrest card block 101 rotates the spindle nut middle 103 mating connector, the safety brake device 10 and the format of the rail member 9 pivot fitting, can be from the anti-falling effect, safety brake device swing pins 102 10 may be adjustable in length by a nut engaged therewith 103 when the format of the guide member 9 has grid holes error can be properly adjusted to ensure reliable safety gear, while when the failure of the return spring 104, safety brake device 10 fall down in the fall arrest card block 101 by its own weight, may also serve to anti-falling effect.

图7为防坠装置在升降架升架时的几个工作位置示意图,图中A表示防坠装置10的防坠摆针102处于正常状态位置,图中B表示上升时防坠摆针102所处的位置,图中C表示防坠装置10在格式升降架下滑过快,实现防坠功能时的摆针102所处的位置,用以消除因格式导轨件9附着承力构件2通过附墙固定板7固定于建筑结构上,且可通过直槽71来实现无级调整建筑结构上预留孔误差,保证可根据格式导轨件的下降速度变化达到可靠防坠的目的,即格式导轨件9慢速下降时可顺利通过,而快速时可靠防坠,升降架架体通过格式导轨件9和管箍件固定在附着承力构件上,通过格式导轨件9的升降可无级调整垂直方向的距离,满足不同层高建筑物的施工需要。 7 is a schematic view of several working position the safety brake device when the lifting frame rack L, A in the figure represents a fall arrest safety brake device 10 is a needle swing position 102 in a normal state, FIG. B represents the rising needle swing safety gear 102 at positions, C in the figure represents the position of the safety brake device 10 when the needle swing lifting frame format decline too, to realize the function of the safety gear 102 is located, because the format to eliminate guide member 9 is attached by a load-bearing member attached to the wall 2 fixed plate 7 is fixed to the building structure, and may be implemented on a prepared hole error stepless adjustment of the building structure by the straight groove 71, to ensure that the rate of change may be decreased according to the format of the guide member reliably fall arrest purposes, i.e. guide member 9 format slow descent can be passed, while reliably preventing fall quickly, the crane body frame through a guide member 9 and the format pipe clamp member fixed to the load-bearing member is attached, by the lifting steplessly adjust the vertical guide member 9 format from construction to meet the needs of different storey building.

附着承力固定件6可以采用钢件构件,也可以采用铸钢件来实现,该构件附墙固定板7和侧面72、73均设有滑槽71、74、75,可调节水平和垂直方向的距离达到调整预留孔误差和格式导轨件9与附着点之间的距离。 Load-bearing member attached to the fixed member 6 may be employed steel, cast steel may be used to achieve the attachment member 7 and the side wall of the fixed plate 72, 73 are equipped with chutes 71,74,75 can be adjusted horizontally and vertically adjusting the distance of the reserved distance between the holes 9 and the attachment error and formats guide member.

在上述结构中,防坠装置10是采用摆针式防坠装置,也可以采用其它可变化的机械式可自动防坠的装置,摆针102的下摆头可调,且防坠装置10在发生失效等故障时,不失去安全防坠功能。 In the above structure, the safety brake device 10 is placed using needle safety brake device, other means may be mechanical changes automatically fall arrester may also be used, the swing of the swing pin 102 is adjustable, and the safety brake device 10 occurs when failure and other failures, without loss of anti-falling safety features.

本实用新型系统中的多功能附着支撑装置,与脚手架上的格式导轨件9配套使用,实现脚手架的升降和防坠功能,格式导轨件9可以是图示钢管结构,也可以是其它型钢结构、其它结构型式,不论什么结构型式,但必须保证与防坠摆针配合处制作成格孔结构。 Multifunction support means attached to the system of the present invention, the format used on the guide member 9 supporting the scaffolding, the scaffolding lifting implement functions and safety gear, guide member 9 may be a format illustrating the structure of steel, other steel structure may be, other structural type, no matter what type of structure, but must ensure that the hole made into a lattice structure and the safety gear needle swing with the Department.

使用本系统时,可将系统中的提升设备固接在脚手架的架体上,并调节好导链装置和调节预紧装置,使用时无须人工移动升降设备和上吊挂点,调节预紧装置可根椐受力大小自动调节该升降装置由于升降时角度变化引起的提升端和出链端的长度变化,保证两端同步升降而不致卡住,系统中的预紧装置可保证多个升降装置升降前预紧一致,承受均匀的升降荷载;在移动脚手架时,配套设置在建筑物上的多功能附着支撑装置与脚手架上的格式导轨配合使用,可调整预留孔误差和机构和部份消除(因推挤产生的)次应力,装置中的防坠机构可保证脚手架在上下移动时,不会发生安全事故;本实用新型的适用面广,结构简单,紧凑、体积小、安装容易,使用更安全可靠。 When using the present system, the system can be fixed to the lifting device frame body on the scaffolding, and regulate the chain guide means and adjusting preloading device, without manually moving the lifting device and the point of attachment on the use, the biasing means may be adjusted As noted before the size of the force is automatically adjusted due to the change in length of the lifting means lift the lift end due to the change in angle and the chain ends, and both ends to ensure synchronous lifting without jamming, the system ensures that a plurality of biasing means lifting the lifting device consistent preload, subjected to a uniform lifting load; when the mobile scaffold, supporting multi-function attachment means provided on the supporting structure and format of the rails with the use of scaffolding, and means to adjust the preformed holes and partial elimination of errors (due ) pushing secondary stress generated in the device can ensure the safety gear mechanism is moved up and down the scaffolding, accidents do not occur; wide applicability of the present invention, a simple and compact structure, small volume, easy to install, safer reliable.

本实用新型提供的导座式自动化升降脚手架,具有如下优点:通用性强,安全可靠;升降行程不受限制,能满足建筑结构不同层高的变化的要求;减轻了操作人员的劳动强度;操作简单、方便,可节约人工费用,提高经济效益;制作成本低,制作工艺简单,制作设备投入小;有利于实现升降脚手架升降的自动控制。 The present invention provides a lifting scaffold automation guide base, has the following advantages: versatility, safe and reliable; lifting stroke is not limited, to meet the changing requirements of different storey structure; reduce the labor intensity of the operators; operation simple, convenient, saving labor costs, increase economic efficiency; low production cost, simple production technology, production equipment investment small; conducive to lifting scaffolding lift the automatic control.

Claims (11)

1.一种导座式自动化升降脚手架,包括格式导轨件、与格式导轨件连接的脚手架体,其特征在于,还包括固接在所述脚手架架体下部的提升设备、固接在脚手架架体上部的调节预紧装置、一个导链装置分别与所述调节预紧装置的悬空端和所述提升设备的两个移动端相挂接,还包括将所述格式导轨件定位附着在建筑物上的多功能附着支撑装置。 A lifting scaffold automation guide base, the guide rail member comprises a format, and format the scaffold rail member connected to the body, characterized by further comprising a frame fixed to the lower portion of the body of the scaffold lifting device, fixed to the scaffolding frame member adjusting means biasing the upper portion, a chain guide means respectively with the regulator free end of the biasing device and the lifting of two mobile end devices attached, said format further comprises a guide rail attached to a building member positioned the multifunction support means attachment.
2.根据权利要求1所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述提升设备是单链、环链、多链电动葫芦中的一种,还可以是一种低速卷扬机。 2. A scaffold according to claim 1, characterized in that the lifting device is a single-chain, chain, chain hoist multiple of one, may also be a low-speed hoisting machine.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述导链装置包括定滑轮和柔性导链钢丝,所述定滑轮挂接在所述调节预紧装置上,所述柔性导链钢丝的一端穿过所述定滑轮与所述提升设备的移动端相挂接,所述柔性导链钢丝的另一端穿过所述提升设备的另一个移动端后与吊挂点挂接。 According to claim 1 or 2 scaffolding, wherein said chain guide means comprises a fixed pulley and a flexible chain guide wire, a fixed pulley mounted on said adjustment biasing means, said flexible chain guide One end of the wire through the fixed pulley mobile end device the lifting hook, the chain guide and the other end of the flexible wire movement after passing through the other end of the lifting device and the mount point of attachment.
4.根据权利要求1所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述调节预紧装置包括伸缩弹簧、与所述伸缩弹簧串接的调节杆。 4. A scaffold according to claim 1, wherein said adjusting means comprises a retractable spring prestressing, the telescopic adjustment lever spring connected in series.
5.根据权利要求1所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述多功能附着支撑装置包括附墙固定件、固接在所述附墙固定件下部的防坠摆针装置,所述附墙固定件的两侧板上设有水平直槽,其特征在于,还包括对称设置在所述附墙固定件两侧板内侧,可沿所述侧板内侧移动的导座装置、设置在所述两侧板外侧,通过所述侧板上的水平直槽与所述导座装置连接的微调装置。 5. The scaffold of claim 1, wherein said support means comprises a multifunction attachment attached to the wall fixing member fixed to the fixing member attached to the wall of the lower portion of the needle swing anti-fall device, said fixing member attached to the wall straight horizontal plate is provided on both sides of the groove, characterized in that, further comprising symmetrically disposed in the fixing member attached to the wall inner side plates, along the inner side of said guide block moving means, disposed on both sides of the the outer panel, trimming means straight groove and said retainer means is connected by a horizontal plate on the.
6.根据权利要求5所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述导座装置包括具有开口的安装支架、平行设置在所述支架开口两侧的转轴,所述转轴上套装有滚轮。 6. A scaffold according to claim 5, wherein said retainer means includes a mounting bracket having an opening, a rotary shaft disposed in parallel on both sides of the opening of the bracket, the rotating shaft sleeved rollers.
7.根据权利要求5或6所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述微调装置包括穿过侧板上的直槽与所述导向装置固接的套轴,固接在所述侧板外侧,并与所述直槽侧边平行设置的齿条,与所述齿条啮合的齿轮套装在所述套轴上,所述套轴上设有可将所述齿轮定位在啮合位置的螺母。 According to claim 5 or 6 scaffold, wherein said fine adjusting means comprises a sleeve shaft passes through the straight groove on the side of the fixed guide means, outside the fixed side plate, and a rack disposed parallel to the straight groove side, meshes with the rack gear sleeved on the shaft sleeve, the sleeve is provided with the gear shaft may be positioned at the engaged position the nut.
8.根据权利要求5所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述微调装置包括穿过所述侧板上的直槽与所述导向装置固接的连接杆、连接在所述连接杆端部的螺母、与所述螺母啮合的螺杆定位连接在设置所述侧板外侧的支架上,所述螺杆的一端固接有调节螺帽,所述螺杆的另一端套装有弹性装置,所述弹性装置的一侧抵靠在所述支架的侧板上,所述弹性装置的另一侧设有与所述螺杆啮合的定位螺母和开口销。 8. A scaffold according to claim 5, characterized in that said means comprises a straight slot passing through the connecting rod guide device fixed on the side plate, the connecting nut connected to said rod end portion of the trim , positioning the nut screw engagement is provided on the side plates are connected outside of the stent, the end of the screw is fixed to an adjustment nut, the other end of the set screw resilient means, said resilient means is a against the upper side of the bracket plate, the other side of the elastic apparatus is provided with positioning nut engaged with the screw and cotter pin.
9.根据权利要求5或6所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述微调装置包括穿过所述侧板上的直槽与所述导向装置固接的螺杆,连接在所述固接螺杆上的螺母。 9. A scaffold according to claim 5 or claim 6, wherein said fine adjusting means comprises a straight slot passing through the plate and means fixedly connected to the guide screw, connected to the fixed screw nut.
10.根据权利要求5所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述防坠摆针装置包括转动连接的防坠卡块、与所述防坠卡块一端连接的复位弹簧,可调节的摆针与固定在所述防坠卡块中部的螺母啮合连接。 10. A scaffold according to claim 5, characterized in that said anti-fall device includes a rotatable needle swing safety gear connected to the clamping block, the return spring pawls safety gear connected to one end, the pendulum may be adjusted with the fixed pin engaging the safety gear connected to the central sprag nut.
11.根据权利要求2所述脚手架,其特征在于,所述弹性装置由多个碟簧重叠在一起构成。 11. A scaffold according to claim 2, characterized in that said elastic means by a plurality of cup springs overlap configuration.
CN 02226086 2002-03-05 2002-03-05 Automatic lifting scaffolds with guide seats CN2594378Y (en)

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CN 02226086 CN2594378Y (en) 2002-03-05 2002-03-05 Automatic lifting scaffolds with guide seats
HK02104367A HK1042819A2 (en) 2002-03-05 2002-06-11 A guide-seat type automatic up-down scaffold
PCT/CN2002/000555 WO2003074818A1 (en) 2002-03-05 2002-08-09 An automatic orbital up-down scaffold
AU2002320759A AU2002320759A1 (en) 2002-03-05 2002-08-09 An automatic orbital up-down scaffold

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US7841144B2 (en) 2005-03-30 2010-11-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
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US9963889B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2018-05-08 Shenzhen Techen Technology Co., Ltd Sealed and integrated climbing scaffold and method for using the same
CN103741939B (en) * 2013-12-25 2015-10-21 山东省建筑科学研究院 Building exterior climbing platform construction and installation method
CN103883113B (en) * 2014-03-27 2016-01-06 王乔 Construction platform statically indeterminate combined system and construction methods transformation of existing buildings

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JP3641064B2 (en) * 1996-03-25 2005-04-20 日本ビソー株式会社 Hanging support device of the outer wall working machine of the building
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Owner name: SHENZHEN CITY TECHEN SCIENCE CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME OR ADDRESS: TECHEN LIFTING RACK ENGINEERING CO., LTD., SHENZHEN CITY

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