CN2578752Y - Integral heat pipe adsorptive refrigerating machines - Google Patents

Integral heat pipe adsorptive refrigerating machines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2578752Y
CN2578752Y CN 02279203 CN02279203U CN2578752Y CN 2578752 Y CN2578752 Y CN 2578752Y CN 02279203 CN02279203 CN 02279203 CN 02279203 U CN02279203 U CN 02279203U CN 2578752 Y CN2578752 Y CN 2578752Y
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heat pipe
pipe
section
housing
integral heat
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CN 02279203
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Chinese (zh)
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项威
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湖北登峰换热器股份有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an integral heat pipe adsorptive refrigerating machine, which uses waste heat as energy source. The utility model is provided with a condenser, an ammonia tank, a throttle valve and an evaporator, which are orderly connected. The utility model is particularly characterized in that the at least two integral type heat pipe adsorptive refrigerating generators are connected in a system in parallel, the pulling out ports of the integral type heat pipe adsorptive refrigerating generators are connected with a one-way valve and are communicated with a condenser, and the returning ports of the integral type heat pipe adsorptive refrigerating generators are connected with a one-way valve and are communicated with an evaporator. The utility model has the advantages of energy saving, and shock resistance, and is particularly applied to the waste heat refrigeration of the tail gas of fishing ships.

Description

整体式热管吸附制冷机 Integral heat pipe adsorption refrigerator

(一)技术领域:本实用新型涉及机械工程类的制冷设备,特别是一种利用余热作能源的整体式热管吸附制冷机。 (A) Technical Field: The present invention relates to mechanical engineering refrigeration equipment, particularly to a waste heat as an energy source integral heat pipe adsorption refrigerator.

(二)背景技术:在炎热的天气里,渔船出海捕捞的鱼类需要长时间的冰冻保鲜。 (B) Background: In hot weather, the fishing vessels fishing fresh frozen fish takes a long time. 由于渔船海上航行船体振动剧烈,无法采用成熟的压缩式制冷技术。 Due to severe vibrations hull fishing boat at sea, unable to adopt sophisticated compression refrigeration technology. 目前中小型渔船全部都是带冰出海作业,十分不方便,而且冰块保鲜时间有限。 Currently small and medium sized fishing boats are all with sea ice work, very inconvenient, preservation and limited ice time.

(三)发明内容:本实用新型的目的就是针对现有渔船必须带冰出海的问题,提供一种抗振性能好,能适应中小渔船海上颠簸环境,采用渔船发动机尾气余热工作的一种整体式热管吸附制冷机。 (C) SUMMARY: The purpose of the present invention is that the existing fishing vessels must bring the issue of sea ice to provide a good anti-vibration performance, able to adapt to the small fishing boat at sea rough environment, a holistic engine exhaust heat working fishing boat heat pipe adsorption refrigerator.

本实用新型是根据化学吸附式制冷原理,开发设计的一种最新制冷机,其具体方案是:采用现有技术中的冷凝器、氨罐、节流阀、蒸发器,依次连接,特别是在上述系统中至少并联接入两台整体式热管吸附制冷发生器,整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的脱出口接装单向阀连通冷凝器,整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的回流口接装单向阀连通蒸发器。 The present invention is based on chemical adsorption refrigeration principle, a newly developed design of the refrigerator, which is specific programs: using the prior art condenser, ammonia tank, a throttle valve, an evaporator are connected in sequence, particularly in said system access to at least two parallel integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator, a unitary heat removal outlet pipe adsorption refrigeration generator tipping communication condenser check valve, integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator tipping unidirectional return port valve communicating evaporator.

上述并联接入的整体式热管吸附制冷发生器,其特征是:它具有筒形壳体,壳体中部采用上、下隔板形成排水仓,外接排水管,并将壳体分为上、下两段,上段为冷凝段,下段为蒸发段;在壳体内垂直布置有若干根热管,热管贯穿上、下段,在壳体的上冷凝段热管之间的间隙中还布置有冷水管,冷水管的上端通冷却水仓,该冷却水仓由壳体上方的上隔板及端盖构成,并外接进水管,冷水管的下端通壳体中部的排水仓;在壳体内上、下段布置有多层翅片;且在上冷凝段外接有制冷工质脱出口和回流口,下蒸发段外装进、出烟口。 The parallel access integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator, characterized in that: it has a cylindrical housing, the middle shell with upper and lower partition plate formed drainage cartridge, an external drain, and the housing is divided into upper and lower two, upper section of the condensing section, the lower section of the evaporating section; within the housing arranged vertically with a plurality of heat pipes, the heat pipe through the lower section, the gap between the upper condensing section of the heat pipe housing is also arranged a cold water pipe, cold water pipe the upper end of the cooling water through the cartridge, the cartridge is made of the cooling water on the upper partition plate and cover housing, and an external inlet pipe, the cold water pipe through the lower end of the middle drainage cartridge housing; in the housing, the lower section is arranged a plurality fin layer; and in the condensing section has external outlet and a refrigerant return port off, put into the lower outer evaporation section, smoke vents.

为满足不同的结构安装和生产工艺要求,装在壳体内上、下翅片采用了不同结构的翅片,其上冷凝段内的翅片,为可同时穿过所有热管及水管的多管孔翅片,装在壳体下蒸发段内的翅片为只穿一根热管的单管孔翅片。 To meet the different mounting structure and production process, is mounted on the housing, the fins using a fin of different structures, the fins in the condensation sections thereof, while passing through the plurality of holes may be all the heat pipes and pipe fins, mounted within the evaporator section of the housing is a single fin fin hole wearing a heat pipe.

为提高烟气余热利用率,在本实用新型整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的壳体下蒸发段内设置隔板分为进烟道和出烟道,并分别接装进烟口和出烟口,进烟道和出烟道尾段相通。 To improve the flue gas waste heat utilization, adsorption refrigeration generator in the present invention, a unitary housing the heat pipe evaporator section disposed within the separator into the chimney and out into the flue, and were then put into the mouth and the cigarette smoke vents , into the chimney flue and a tail section connected.

本实用新型整个系统没有运动件,抗振性能好,不怕颠簸,余热利用,节能,特别适合于中、小渔船上安装使用,也可用于有余热(如柴油机尾气、锅炉废气、地热等)的其它地方使用。 The present disclosure of the entire system without moving parts, good vibration resistance afraid bumps, waste heat utilization, energy saving, is particularly suitable for the installation and use on small boats, can also be used with a heat (e.g. diesel exhaust gas, boiler exhaust gas, geothermal, etc.) used elsewhere.

(四)附图说明:图1是本实用新型系统结构原理图;图2是整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的主视图;图3是整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的侧视图;图4是整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的剖视图;图5是图4的AA剖视图;图6是多孔管翅片的主视图;图7是单孔管翅片的主视图。 (Iv) Brief Description of Drawings: FIG. 1 is a system configuration of the principle of the present invention; Figure 2 is a front view of a unitary heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator; FIG. 3 is a side refrigerant suction pipe heat generator monolithic; FIG. 4 is an overall adsorption cooling tube cross-sectional view of the heat generator; FIG. 5 is a sectional view AA of FIG. 4; FIG. 6 is a front view of the fin of the porous tube; FIG. 7 is a front view of a fin tube hole.

图中,1-冷凝器,2-氨罐,3-节流阀,4-蒸发器,5-单向阀,6-单向阀,7-进水阀,8-主管,9-出烟口,10-进烟口,11、13-整体式热管吸附制冷发生器,12-排水管,14-排烟道,15-进烟道,16-进水管,17-端盖,18-壳体,19-回流口,20-脱出口,21-气动阀门,22-冷水管,23-热管,24-上隔板,25-多管孔翅片,26-上、下隔板,27-排水仓,28-隔板,29-单管孔翅片。 FIG, 1 condenser, 2-amino-tank, a throttle valve 3-, 4- evaporator, 5-way valve, 6-way valve, inlet valve 7-, 8- competent, 9 of smoke port, 10 of the smoke intake, 11, 13 integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator, 12 a drain, 14- flue, into the flue 15, 16 inlet, 17 cover, 18 casing body, 19 return port, off outlet 20, pneumatic valve 21, the cold water pipe 22-, 23- heat pipe, the separator 24-, 25- fin hole, 26- upper and lower decks, 27- drainage cartridge, 28- separator, 29- fin single hole.

(五)具体实施方式:参见图1,本实用新型主要由冷凝器1、氨罐2、节流阀3、蒸发器4依次连接组装而成,特别是在上述系统中并联接入了两台整体式热管吸附制冷发生器11和13(两台发生器交替制冷可保证连续供应冷气,三台、四台更好,但成本增加,可根据渔船的大小来设定台数)。 (E) Detailed Description: Referring to Figure 1, the present invention is mainly composed of a condenser, ammonia tank 2, a throttle valve 3, an evaporator 4 are sequentially connected assembled, especially in the above parallel connection of two system integral heat generator 11 and the refrigerant suction pipe 13 (refrigerant alternately two generators can ensure a continuous supply of cool air, three, four more, but an increase in cost, the number may be set according to the size of the vessels). 其中整体式热管吸附制冷发生器11是这样接入的:设计主管8从整体式热管吸附制冷发生器11的上冷凝段接出,然后分为两口,其一为脱出口通过单向阀5连接冷凝器1,其二为回流口通过单向阀6连接蒸发器4。 Wherein the integral heat generator refrigerant suction pipe 11 is accessed: 8 competent design from the condensing section connected integral heat pipe adsorption cooling generator 11, and then divided into two, one is off the outlet 5 is connected through a check valve a condenser, and the second return port 6 is connected to the evaporator 4 through a check valve. 整体式热管吸附制冷发生器11上的进水管通过进水阀7引进冷水,出水管12接入排水管道,其进烟口10连接进烟道15,出烟口9连接排烟道14。 Adsorption integral heat pipe cooling water inlet pipe on the generator 11 through the inlet valve 7 the introduction of cold water, the drain pipe access tube 12, which is connected to the intake port 10 into the smoke flue 15, 9 connected to the smoke flue outlet 14. 同理并联接入安装另一台整体式热管吸附制冷发生器13,即构成本实用新型的制冷机组。 Similarly parallel connection install another integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator 13, constitute the refrigeration unit of the present invention.

本实用新型中选择了CaCl2-NH3为吸附工质对。 The present invention is selected as a CaCl2-NH3 adsorption working pair.

本实用新型的整体式热管吸附制冷发生器11和13其具体结构参见图2、3、4、5,它具有钢制筒形壳体18,壳体的上方设置上隔板24及端盖17形成冷却水仓,外接进水管16;壳体内的中部设置上、下隔板26形成排水仓27,外接排水管12,排水仓27将壳体分为上冷凝段和下蒸发段;壳体内垂直布置有多根热管23贯穿上、下段,且在上冷凝段热管之间的间隙中设置多根冷水管22,冷水管22上端穿过上隔板24通冷却水仓。 The present invention integral heat generator 11 and the refrigerant suction pipe 13 Referring to FIG 2,3,4,5 specific configuration thereof, having a cylindrical housing 18 of steel, the upper partition plate 24 is provided on the housing 17 and cover a cooling water compartment, the external water inlet pipe 16; upper middle provided within the housing 26 is formed under the drain separator cartridge 27, external drain pipe 12, drain compartment 27 into the upper housing section and the condensing section evaporated; vertical inner housing are arranged a plurality of heat pipes 23 penetrating the lower section, and in the gap between the condensing section of the heat pipe is provided in a plurality of the cold water pipe 22, the cold water pipe 22 passes through the upper end of the partition plate 24 through the cooling water compartment. 下端穿过上隔板26通排水仓27。 The lower end of the separator 26 through the cartridge 27 through the drain. 在上冷凝段内还布置有多层0.5mm厚的多管孔翅片25(见图6),穿套在热管23及冷水管22上,下蒸发段的热管上则套装有多层1mm厚的单管孔翅片29(见图7)。 In the condensing section is arranged further 0.5mm thick multilayer hole plurality of fins 25 (see FIG. 6), sleeved on the heat pipe 23 and the cold water pipe 22, the heat pipe section is evaporated under 1mm thick multilayer package single hole the fins 29 (see FIG. 7). 在上冷凝段外接有主管8并分叉回流口19和脱出口20;下蒸发段外装有进烟口10和出烟口9,以及控制进、出烟口的气动阀门21,下蒸发段内还设置有隔板28使烟气绕道延长,提高热利用率,本实用新型也可不设隔板28,则在左端设计进烟口,右端设计出烟口。 In the condensation section 8 and external supervisor has diverging return port 19 and the outlet 20 off; outer evaporated with smoke intake section 10 and the smoke vents 9, and a control inlet, smoke vents pneumatic valve 21, the lower evaporating section spacer 28 is also provided with a flue gas bypass extended, improving thermal efficiency, the present invention is not to set the spacer 28, the left end of the smoke intake design, design right smoke vents.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种整体式热管吸附制冷机,依次连接有冷凝器、氨罐、节流阀、蒸发器,其特征是:上述系统中至少并联接入两台整体式热管吸附制冷发生器,整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的脱出口接装单向阀连通冷凝器,整体式热管吸附制冷发生器的回流口接装单向阀连通蒸发器。 An integral heat pipe adsorption refrigerator, in turn connected to a condenser, ammonia tank, a throttle valve, an evaporator, characterized in that: said system access to at least two parallel integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator, monolithic the heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator tipping off the outlet check valve communicates a condenser, the refrigerant suction pipe integral heat generator return port check valve in communication tipping evaporator.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的整体式热管吸附制冷机,其特征是:所述系统中并联接入的整体式热管吸附制冷发生器,它具有筒形壳体,壳体中部采用上、下隔板形成排水仓,外接排水管,并将壳体分为上、下两段,上段为冷凝段,下段为蒸发段;在壳体内垂直布置有若干根热管,热管贯穿上、下段,在壳体的上冷凝段热管之间的间隙中还布置有冷水管,冷水管的上端通冷却水仓,该冷却水仓由壳体上方的上隔板及端盖构成,并外接进水管,冷水管的下端通壳体中部的排水仓;在壳体内上、下段布置有多层翅片;且在上冷凝段外接有制冷工质脱出口和回流口,下蒸发段外装进、出烟口。 The integral heat pipe adsorption refrigerator according to claim 1, wherein: said parallel access system integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator having a cylindrical housing, the middle shell with upper and lower forming drain separator cartridge, an external drain pipe, and the housing is divide into two sections, the upper section of the condensing section, the evaporating section for the lower section; vertically disposed within the housing with a plurality of heat pipes, the heat pipe runs through the lower section of the housing the gap between the upper condensing section of the heat pipe is also arranged in the body upper end of the cold water pipe, cold water pipe of the cooling water through the cartridge, the cartridge is made of the cooling water on the upper partition plate and cover housing, and an external inlet pipe, cold water pipe lower drainage through the middle of the cartridge housing; in the housing, the lower fin disposed multilayer; and has a refrigerant outlet and a de-reflux port on an external condensing section, the evaporating section put into an outer, smoke vents.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的整体式热管吸附制冷机,其特征是:所述整体式热管吸附制冷发生器中,装在壳体上冷凝段内的翅片,为可同时穿过所有热管及水管的多管孔翅片,装在壳体下蒸发段内的翅片为只穿一根热管的单管孔翅片。 The integral heat pipe adsorption refrigerator according to claim 2, characterized in that: the integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator, installed in the condensing section of the fins on the housing, may pass simultaneously to all the heat pipes multi-hole pipe and the fins, the fins mounted within the single hole at the evaporating section is wearing a shell fin heat pipe.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的整体式热管吸附制冷机,其特征是:所述整体式热管吸附制冷发生器中,在壳体下蒸发段内设置隔板分为进烟道和出烟道,并分别接装进烟口和出烟口,进烟道和出烟道尾段相通。 The integral heat pipe adsorption refrigerator according to claim 2, characterized in that: the integral heat pipe adsorption refrigeration generator, a separator into the chimney and out into the flue gas duct in the evaporator section of the housing , respectively, and then put into the smoke inlet and a tobacco outlet, and an inlet chimney flue communicated tail section.
CN 02279203 2002-09-18 2002-09-18 Integral heat pipe adsorptive refrigerating machines CN2578752Y (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1327172C (en) * 2005-03-24 2007-07-18 上海交通大学 Pump fluid type composite alternating separation heat pipe marine compound adsorption ice making machine
CN100414219C (en) 2004-11-25 2008-08-27 上海交通大学 Ice maker on fishing boat waste heat driven by and with double hot-pipe chemical adsorption
CN1766462B (en) 2005-10-31 2010-05-05 庞启东;张文辉 Ammonia absorption type refrigerating apparatus utilizing waste heat of exhaust

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100414219C (en) 2004-11-25 2008-08-27 上海交通大学 Ice maker on fishing boat waste heat driven by and with double hot-pipe chemical adsorption
CN1327172C (en) * 2005-03-24 2007-07-18 上海交通大学 Pump fluid type composite alternating separation heat pipe marine compound adsorption ice making machine
CN1766462B (en) 2005-10-31 2010-05-05 庞启东;张文辉 Ammonia absorption type refrigerating apparatus utilizing waste heat of exhaust

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