CN2576398Y - Portable electric spark processing machine - Google Patents

Portable electric spark processing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2576398Y
CN2576398Y CN 02281103 CN02281103U CN2576398Y CN 2576398 Y CN2576398 Y CN 2576398Y CN 02281103 CN02281103 CN 02281103 CN 02281103 U CN02281103 U CN 02281103U CN 2576398 Y CN2576398 Y CN 2576398Y
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CN
China
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beam
provided
nut
plate
portable electric
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CN 02281103
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白羽
高广君
段华
雷凯
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白羽
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Priority to CN 02281103 priority Critical patent/CN2576398Y/en
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Publication of CN2576398Y publication Critical patent/CN2576398Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a portable electric spark processing machine, which is characterized in that a stepping motor 2 on a small frame 1 drives a nut 32 in a leading screw nut structure 3 to move up and down, and a feeding rod is used for guiding; an electric spark processing head 4 is connected to the lower part of the nut 32, which can perform electric spark processing to a machine member; an electric and magnetic oscillation device 6 is arranged above the processing head 4. The processing speed can be raised by the electric and magnetic oscillation device, and meanwhile, the smooth chip removal can be realized. The utility model is in a miniaturization structural design, which has the advantages of low cost, and convenient operation and portability.

Description

便携式电火花加工机 The portable EDM machine

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及一种电加工设备,特别涉及一种便携式电火花加工机。 The present invention relates to an electric processing apparatus, and particularly relates to a portable electric discharge machine.

现有的电火花加工机是一种大型设备,造价比较高,属于大型加工设备,一般的企业无法承受如此高的售价,其使用受到了限制。 Existing EDM machine is a large-scale equipment, the cost is relatively high, belongs to the large-scale processing equipment, general business can not afford such a high price, its use is limited.

本实用新型的另一目的是提供一种加工速度高、加工屑顺利排出的便携式电火花加工机。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a high speed of processing a portable electric discharge machine smooth discharge machining chips.

本实用新型包括有小型机架、步进电机、丝杠螺母结构、加工头、光杠、行程开关、加工电源,其中,小型机架的顶部设有顶梁、中部设有中梁、底部设有底座,步进电机设于顶梁上,步进电机的输出轴通过薄膜联轴器与下方的丝杠螺母结构中的丝杠相联结,该薄膜联轴器位于顶梁与中梁之间,丝杠立于中梁与底座之间,其两端通过轴承枢接于中梁及底座,光杠立于中梁与底座之间,并靠近小型机架的立板,该光杠两端分别固定于中梁及底座;丝杠螺母结构中的螺母螺设于丝杠上,由丝杠的转动而可被带动上下运动,螺母靠近立板的一侧滑套在光杠上,该光杠具有导轨的作用;螺母的另一端固定有一连接杆,该连接杆的下端设置加工头;加工电源为模拟电路构成的脉冲电源或数字逻辑电路构成的脉冲电源或单片机构成的脉冲电源。 The present invention comprises a compact bay, stepper motors, screw nut structure, the machining head, light bar, limit switch, processing power, wherein the top of the compact bay is provided with top beam, with the central beam, located at the bottom It has a base, a stepping motor provided in the roof beam, the output shaft of the stepping motor through the thin film coupling structure below the spindle nut and screw coupled with the coupling film located between the beam and the top beam , screw stand between the beam and the base ends thereof connected by a pivot bearing in the base and the beam, the beam between the light bar and the base stand, and near the small rack upright plate, both ends of the light bar and are fixed to the base beam; screw nut structure, the nut is screwed on the lead screw, the lead screw by the rotation of the drive can be moved up and down, close to the nut side of the upright plate sleeve on the light bar, the light having a guide for the bar; the other end of the nut is fixed to a connecting rod, the lower end of the connecting rod is provided a machining head; machining power supply or pulsed power pulse pulse power microcontroller or digital logic circuit configuration of an analog circuit configuration.

另外,加工头的上方设有电磁振动装置,该电磁振动装置包括有- Further, the machining head is provided above the electromagnetic vibration means, the vibrating means comprises an electromagnetic - 形电磁铁、 Shaped electromagnet, 形铁芯、螺柱弹簧、及上下连接板,其中,上连接板固定在连接杆的下方,下连接板固定在加工头上方,两者的四周穿设有螺柱弹簧, Shaped core, spring studs, and the upper and lower webs, wherein the connecting plate is fixed below the connecting rod, the connecting plate is fixed under the machining head side, surrounded by two spring studs are bored, 形电磁铁及 Shaped electromagnet and 形铁芯位于上下连接板之间, Shaped core positioned between the upper and lower webs, 形电磁铁扣置在 Shaped electromagnet disposed in buckle 形铁芯上,并与上连接板固接, The shaped core and the upper connecting plate fixed, 形铁芯与下连接板固定。 Shaped core and a lower plate fixedly.

本实用新型的立板上设有多个紧固螺栓孔,可使该电火花加工机与数控铣、立铣及加工中心等设备配合一起使用,完成数控放电加工机所能完成的任务。 Upright plate of the present invention is provided with a plurality of fastening bolt holes, can be used together with the EDM machine and the NC milling, and milling and machining centers, CNC EDM machine can complete the task.

本实用新型的立板上设有三个行程开关,以确定上限位点、机械零点和下限位点,当加工头运动到相应位置时,螺母上的压块压下该处的行程开关,发出请求信号,由控制系统发出相应的控制命令,使进给系统作出相应的运动。 The present invention is provided with three upright plate limit switch to determine the upper limit point and lower mechanical zero sites, when the processing head is moved to the location, where the pressure on the nut compact limit switch, the requesting signal, issue the corresponding control command by the control system, the intake system to make the appropriate motion.

本实用新型由步进电机提供动力通过薄膜联轴器带动丝杠转动,使螺母上下运动,从而带动加工头上下移动完成加工任务。 The present invention provides a stepping motor driven lead screw is rotated by the power coupling film, the nut up and down movement, so as to drive the machining head moves to complete processing tasks.

本实用新型由于设置了电磁振动装置,当电流通过 Since the present invention is provided an electromagnetic vibration device, when current flows through 形电磁铁时,该电磁铁产生磁力吸引 When shaped electromagnet generating a magnetic force to attract 形铁芯,由于 Shaped core, since 形铁芯与加工头固接,螺柱弹簧收缩,带动加工头向上运动;当电源断开时,电磁铁失去磁力,螺柱弹簧舒张,加工头在重力及弹力的作用下向下运动。 Shaped core is fixed to the machining head, the stud spring contraction, to drive upward movement of the machining head; when the power is turned off, the electromagnet loses a magnetic force, a spring stud relaxation, the machining head moves downwardly under gravity and spring force. 调节好适当的距离与弹簧力的比,就可以得到所需要的振幅;控制好电极的纵向小振幅运动,就会显著提高加工速度,缩短加工时间,而且对于加工屑的顺利排除起到良好的作用。 Regulate the distance the spring force of the appropriate ratio, it is possible to obtain the desired amplitude; electrode control the longitudinal movement of small amplitude, it will significantly increase the processing speed, shorten the processing time, but also to exclude machining chips smoothly play a good effect.

本实用新型各构件采用小型化结构设计,降低了整体的重量和造价,扩大了使用范围,而且便于搬运和携带。 Each member of the present invention uses compact design, reducing the overall weight and cost, to expand the scope of use, and easy to handle and carry.

另外,加工头4的上方设有电磁振动装置6,该电磁振动装置6包括有 Further, the processing head 4 is provided above the electromagnetic vibration means 6, the device 6 comprises an electromagnetic vibration 形电磁铁61、 Shaped electromagnet 61, 形铁芯62、螺柱弹簧63、及上下连接板64、65,其中,上连板64固定在连接杆33的下方,下连接板65固定在加工头4上方,两者的四周穿设有螺柱弹簧63, Shaped core 62, a spring stud 63, and upper and lower webs 64 and 65, wherein the upper attachment plate 64 is fixed below the connecting lever 33, the connecting plate 65 is fixed above the machining head 4, surrounded by the two perforated with stud spring 63, 形电磁铁61及 Shaped electromagnet 61 and 形铁芯62位于上下连接板64、65之间, Shaped core 62 is positioned between the upper and lower webs 64 and 65, 形电磁铁61扣置在 Shaped electromagnet 61 disposed in buckle 形铁芯62上,并与上连接板64固接, The shaped core 62, the upper connecting plate 64 and contact with a solid, 形铁芯62与下连接板65固接。 Shaped core 62 and the lower connecting plate 65 fixed.

所述的立板14上设有多个紧固螺栓孔141,可藉由该紧固螺栓孔141将本实用新型配置于其它设备上使用。 Provided on the vertical plate 14 of the plurality of fastening bolt holes 141, which may be fastened by the bolt hole 141 used in the present invention is disposed on the other device.

所述的立板14上设有三个行程开关8。 Three limit switch 8 is provided on the upright plate 14.

本实用新型结构紧凑、造价低,加工速度快、除屑顺利。 The present invention is compact, low cost, fast processing speed, smooth chip removing.

Claims (4)

1.一种便携式电火花加工机,其特征在于:包括有小型机架(1)、步进电机(2)、丝杠螺母结构(3)、加工头(4)、光杠(5)、行程开关(8)、加工电源(7),其中,小型机架(1)的顶部设有顶梁(11)、中部设有中梁(12)、底部设有底座(13),步进电机(2)设于顶梁(11)上,步进电机(2)的输出轴通过薄膜联轴器(21)与下方的丝杠螺母结构(3)中的丝杠(31)相联结,该薄膜联轴器位于顶梁(11)与中梁(12)之间,丝杠(31)立于中梁(12)与底座(13)之间,其两端通过轴承枢接于中梁(12)及底座(13),光杠(5)立于中梁(12)与底座(13)之间,并靠近小型机架(1)的立板(14),该光杠(5)两端分别固定于中梁(12)及底座(13),丝杠螺母结构(3)中的螺母(32)螺设于丝杠(31)上,由丝杠(31)的转动而可被带动上下运动,靠近立板(14)一侧的螺母(32)滑套在光杠(5)上;螺母(32)的另一端固定有一连接杆(33),该连接杆(33)的下端设置 A portable electric discharge machine, characterized by: comprising the compact bay (1), a stepping motor (2), the spindle nut structure (3), the machining head (4), the light bar (5), limit switch (8), machining power supply (7), wherein the top of the compact bay (1) is provided with a headpiece (11), it is provided in the central beam (12), provided with a bottom base (13), a stepping motor (2) disposed on the top beam (11), the output shaft of the stepping motor (2) coupled with the coupling by a thin film (21) and the structure below the screw spindle nut (31) (3), the coupling film located on the top beam (11) and the beam (12) between the threaded spindle (31) remain between the beam (12) and the base (13), a pivot bearing by its two ends connected to the beam ( 12) and the base (13), light bars (5) in the beam between the stand (12) and the base (13), and close the compact bay (1) of the vertical plate (14), the light bar (5) two ends are fixed to the beam (12) and the base (13), the nut screw nut structure (32) (3) is provided on the screwed spindle (31), by a rotary spindle (31) and can be driven up and down movement, and close to the upright plate (14) on one side of the nut (32) slipped on the light bar (5); the other end of the nut (32) is fixed to a connecting rod (33), the lower end of the connecting rod (33) is provided 加工头(4);加工电源(7)为模拟电路构成的脉冲电源立板(14)上设有上限位点、机械零点和下限位点三个行程开关(8)。 A ceiling sites, sites of mechanical zero and lower three position switch (8) on a machining power supply (7) is a pulse power supply circuit including an analog riser (14); a machining head (4).
2.按照权利要求1所述的一种便携式电火花加工机,其特征在于:所述的加工头(4)的上方设有电磁振动装置(6),该电磁振动装置(6)包括有 According to claim 2. A portable electric discharge machine of claim 1, wherein: above the machining head (4) is provided with an electromagnetic vibrating means (6), the electromagnetic vibration means (6) comprises 形电磁铁(61)、 Shaped electromagnet (61), 形铁芯(62)、螺柱弹簧(63)、及上下连接板(64)、(65),其中,上连板(64)固定在连接杆(33)的下方,下连接板(65)固定在加工头(4)上方,两者的四周穿设有螺柱弹簧(63), Shaped core (62), a spring stud (63), and the vertical web (64), (65), wherein the upper link plate (64) fixed to the connecting rod (33) downward, the lower connection plate (65) fixed to the machining head (4) above, surrounded by two studs provided through a spring (63), 形电磁铁(61)及 Shaped electromagnet (61) and 形铁芯(62)位于上下连接板(64)、(65)之间, Shaped core (62) located at the upper and lower webs (64), between (65), 形电磁铁(61)扣置在 Shaped electromagnet (61) disposed in buckle 形铁芯(62)上,并与上连接板(64)固接, Shaped core (62), and the upper connecting plate (64) fixedly connected, 形铁芯(62)与下连接板(65)固接。 Shaped core (62) and a lower plate (65) fixed.
3.按照权利要求1所述的一种便携式电火花加工机,其特征在于:所述的立板(14)上设有多个紧固螺栓孔(141)。 According to claim 3. A portable electric discharge machine of claim 1, wherein: said upright plate is provided with a plurality of fastening bolt holes (141) (14).
4.按照权利要求1所述的一种便携式电火花加工机,其特征在于:所述的加工电源(7)为数字逻辑电路构成的脉冲电源或单片机构成的脉冲电源。 According to claim 4. A portable electric discharge machine of claim 1, wherein: said machining power supply (7) pulse power or pulse power microcontroller digital logic circuit constituted.
CN 02281103 2002-11-11 2002-11-11 Portable electric spark processing machine CN2576398Y (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008086683A1 (en) * 2007-01-15 2008-07-24 Jiangsu Sanxing Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd An electrospark wire-electrode cutting machine
CN104209605A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-17 哈尔滨工业大学 Multi-purpose handheld small-sized electric spark machine tool
CN104227154A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-12-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Portable machining and observation integrated micro-miniature numerical control electric erosion machining machine tool
CN106670606A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-17 桂林电子科技大学 Portable electric spark perforating machine based on single chip microcomputer control

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008086683A1 (en) * 2007-01-15 2008-07-24 Jiangsu Sanxing Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd An electrospark wire-electrode cutting machine
CN104227154A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-12-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Portable machining and observation integrated micro-miniature numerical control electric erosion machining machine tool
CN104227154B (en) * 2014-08-04 2016-08-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Portable processing observation integration microminiature numerical control galvanic corrosion machining tool
CN104209605A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-17 哈尔滨工业大学 Multi-purpose handheld small-sized electric spark machine tool
CN106670606A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-17 桂林电子科技大学 Portable electric spark perforating machine based on single chip microcomputer control
CN106670606B (en) * 2016-12-29 2018-06-22 桂林电子科技大学 Based on monolithic processor controlled portable electric spark puncher

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