CN2560331Y - Special-nurse wheeled chair bed - Google Patents

Special-nurse wheeled chair bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2560331Y
CN2560331Y CN 02234881 CN02234881U CN2560331Y CN 2560331 Y CN2560331 Y CN 2560331Y CN 02234881 CN02234881 CN 02234881 CN 02234881 U CN02234881 U CN 02234881U CN 2560331 Y CN2560331 Y CN 2560331Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
hinged
bed
wheel
pin
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Application number
CN 02234881
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张维元
Original Assignee
张维元
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Application filed by 张维元 filed Critical 张维元
Priority to CN 02234881 priority Critical patent/CN2560331Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2560331Y publication Critical patent/CN2560331Y/en

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Abstract

A special care wheelchair bed pertains to the wheelchairs for the frail, disabled and paralyzed patients who need special care, in particular to the wheelchair bed which is provided with a supporting follow-up device, a bed surface width adjusting device and a patient lifting device. The utility model aims at overcoming the inconvenience and safety hidden troubles which are caused by the manual adjustment of a back bearing of the existing wheelchair, as well as the shortcoming of inflexible movement of a multi-functional nursing bed, so as to realize the quick switch between the wheelchair and the multi-functional nursing bed, avoid the repeated transfer of patients and solve the problem that the trousers are pressed by the patients and the timely discharge of urine and stool is affected; the utility model is provided with the supporting follow-up device, the back bearing of which can do the synchronous translation along with a bed body and the gravity center of the patients, the bed surface width adjusting device and a small guardrail, which can widen the bed surface, the patient uplifting device, an urine and stool discharge device, a back frame adjusting device which facilitates the position change of the patients, a thigh frame adjusting device and a foot frame adjusting device. The utility model is further equipped with the accessories of a braces vest, a living table top and an infusion hanger; the utility model is applicable to the frail, disabled and paralyzed patients who can not get out of the bed or are not convenient to get out of the bed and need special care.

Description

Provide special care to Wheel-chair type bed
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of wheelchair that needs weak, residual paralysed patient's use of special care, especially has the Wheel-chair type bed that supports hunting gear, bed surface width adjusting apparatus and patient's lifting device.
Background technology
Existing sitting-lying double-purpose wheelchair and multifunction nursing bed (Chinese patent, the patent No.: 942056124) have certain defective to nursing the art patient, the former needs artificial the adjustment at the back supporting, inconvenient, in a single day forget adjustment during use, can cause wheelchair to tumble, have potential safety hazard, the seat surface width is narrow, protect and block weak point, the shank position does not have bed surface, and the comfort level and the security are relatively poor during flat crouching, and the sitting wheelchair can be tired drowsy, needing to shift patient has a rest to doss, slow-witted of a specified duration and want to get back to wheelchair and get on the bed, shift so repeatedly, increased many burdens for patient and nursing staff.The latter is because bedstead is long, and bed surface is wide, and when being used as the wheelchair use, volume is excessive, and is light and handy, flexible far away from wheelchair; It is separated civilian dress and puts and take up room greatlyyer, and part is more.More than both are equipped with and separate civilian dress and put, but patient be need separate just the time because own wt is pushed down trousers and is difficult to take off, this device often can not be brought into play should be powerful, performs practically no function.For above-mentioned reasons, make existing wheelchair and multifunction nursing bedly all can not satisfy real needs better.
Summary of the invention
For supporting after overcoming existing sitting-lying double-purpose wheelchair needs artificial inconvenience and the potential safety hazard of bringing of adjusting, comfort level and the relatively poor deficiency of the security during flat crouching, it is long to overcome existing multifunction nursing bed bedstead, volume is big, move inflexible shortcoming, realize wheelchair, multifunction nursing bed mutual quick conversion, avoid shifting the burden that patient brings for patient and nursing staff, solve due to illness people's deadweight and push down trousers, thereby being difficult for taking off or put on delays patient and utilizes and existingly separate civilian dress and put the problem of in time separating just, and makes and separate civilian dress and put further simplification; This utility model provides a kind of Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to.This back supporting of providing special care to Wheel-chair type bed must manually not adjusted, can be automatically with bed body and the synchronous translation of patient's center of gravity, eliminated the contingent bed body hidden danger of tumbling; Bed surface can be widened, have long protecting to block, the comfort level and the security when having improved flat crouching can be adjusted into wheelchair and multifunction nursing bed two kinds of forms by prompt operation, can avoid at wheelchair having alleviated patient and nursing staff's burden naturally to shifting patient between the doss repeatedly.Its floor space when this utility model is adjusted into the wheelchair form, mobile motility is suitable with existing sitting-lying double-purpose wheelchair.Owing to be provided with patient's lifting device, can promote patient and make its buttocks leave bed surface slightly, make and take off that to wear trousers simple, favourable patient utilizes timely and effectively and separates civilian dress and put to finish and separate just.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is: in length, the bedstead rear portion configuration supporting hunting gear that width dimensions is less, this device has the long frame shape guide rail of a following opening to be rigidly attached on the bedstead, there is the guide wheel of a band rib to roll flexibly up and down on it, guide wheel shaft and cramp bar upper end are hinged, and with one on connecting rod lower end pin dead, it is hinged with back of the body frame to go up small end, and above-mentioned cramp bar lower end mounting support wheel, at the hinged lower link of this cramp bar point midway, the lower link other end is hinged on long frame shape guide rail lower end, and distance equals hinged center on the cramp bar to 1/2 of bogie wheel centre distance between these lower link two hinged centers.When patient's upper body descends with back of the body frame, bed body and patient's center of gravity with after move, at this moment hinged with back of the body frame vertical decline of last connecting rod promotion guide wheel prolongation shaped as frame guide rail, the cramp bar upper end is prolonged same paths and is descended thereupon, this cramp bar is subjected to hinged with it lower link constraint simultaneously, must order about the bogie wheel of installing its lower end and do translational motion backward, vice versa; Thereby solved rear supporting wheel automatically with bed body and the synchronous translation problem of patient's center of gravity.
At bedstead both sides upper fixed bed surface width adjusting apparatus, this device has a Movable bed surface, can form level and vertical two states, bed surface is widened during level, and bed surface narrows down during plumbness, no matter bed surface is widened or is narrowed down, protect and block all maintenances vertically, do not influence performance and protect the effect of blocking, under bed surface is widened state, protect and block and to put on arbitrarily or to put down, so that patient gets in and out of bed.Above-mentioned Movable bed surface is hinged with the channel upper end that is fixed on the bedstead on one side, an another side and a narrow slotted link upper end are hinged, this narrow slotted link lower end and a sipes shape connecting rod one end are hinged, the sipes shape connecting rod other end and above-mentioned channel lower end are hinged, so order is hinged to a parallelogram, narrow slotted link resides in the sipes shape connecting rod, and sipes shape connecting rod resides in the channel; For keeping the Movable bed surface horizontality, weld a horizontal planker in the channel bottom, hold sipes shape connecting rod; Protect and block that column resides in the narrow slotted link and hinged with it, in the middle part of protecting the stull of blocking between column, be provided with the night bolt device, spring can spring into latch and be arranged in Movable bed surface horizontal plane or lateral locating hole at ordinary times, latch links to each other with lever, hold lever and can make above-mentioned Movable bed surface form level, vertical two states, also can realize protecting to block putting down, or mention, under the state of needs, unclamp lever, get final product complete operation.
On the frame of the back of the body frame both sides configuration protect for a short time block parts also can formation level and vertical two states, back of the body frame bed surface is widened, can when wheelchair and multifunction nursing bed two kinds of forms, work the effect of blocking of protecting during plumbness, these parts have a channel affixed with the side frame on the back of the body frame, one bottom has protecting of slotted hole and blocks column and reside in the channel, on the channel cell wall pin-and-hole is arranged, one bearing pin passes this hole and protects the slotted hole that blocks the column bottom, to protect for a short time and block parts and be vertically located in the channel, make it under wheelchair or multifunction nursing bed form, to work the effect of blocking of protecting, upwards carry protecting for a short time and block and catch that outwards upset is welded in channel bottom when being up to the standard state just holds, realize carrying on the back the frame bed surface and widen, add that the bed surface that above-mentioned Movable bed surface is widened provides comfortable safe bed surface width for patient.
Fixing by back of the body frame at the bedstead top by the buttocks frame, the buttocks frame, the thigh frame, the three-bend bed frame that the foot frame is hinged and forms, at its back of the body frame back configuration patient lifting device, guide pillar upper end in this device is fixed on horizontal Beam two ends, the bearing holder (housing, cover) that bearing is housed is fixed in the middle of the horizontal Beam, the screw mandrel top diameter of axle, the brearing bore of packing into, handwheel is installed on the screw mandrel top, wire rod thread partly screws out and is fixed on the nut that promotes on the frame boundary frame area, simultaneously the guide pillar lower end is passed with the guide pin bushing of nut balanced configuration and is packed into and is positioned at the locating hole at horizontal Beam two ends down, and the screw mandrel lower end diameter of axle is put into and is positioned at the outer bearing that bearing holder (housing, cover) is arranged in the middle of the down horizontal Beam.Utilize holding screw will go up horizontal Beam and be fixed on the same basal plane of back of the body frame with following horizontal Beam, the top margin frame that promotes frame is positioned at the patient head top.Rotary screw rod top handwheel can make to promote frame slip freely up and down on guide pillar; When the wheelchair form, promote frame top margin frame and be positioned at patient's head top, hang with camisole above, when patient puts on camisole, rotate handwheel and can promote patient and makes its buttocks leave bed surface slightly, wear trousers and separate just so that take off; When the multifunction nursing bed form, promote frame top margin frame and can do head and protect and block use.
Hinged back of the body frame adjusting device between bedstead upper back and back of the body frame, this device is done driving element with air spring, the bearing of one end and bedstead upper back is hinged, the other end is hinged with the support that is fixed on the back of the body frame, one depression bar is contained on the support by bearing pin, the depression bar front end contacts with air spring control contact, and a lower end and a ⊥ type bar vertical component are affixed, and horizontal component is extended down to below the lever of carrying on the back on the frame and the joystick of balanced configuration fuses; Can make air spring remove self-locking when holding joystick, back of the body frame can freely be adjusted in 0 ° to 90 ° scope, promptly finishes the adjustment of back of the body frame at the back of the body frame angle release on control handle of needs.
In addition, configuration is separated civilian dress and is put below the buttocks frame of bedstead top, and this device adopts spherical guide structure, hangs below the bedstead top, has reduced structural member; Configuration thigh frame elevation angle regulation device below the thigh frame protects at sufficient frame and to block the position sufficient frame adjusting device is arranged, at dress inflation of back, bedstead both sides or solid rubber tire, and pre-installed universal caster wheel, brake gear, handrail and life plate, transfusion suspension bracket adnexa.
In sum, to carry on the back frame and be transferred to 90 ° when holding back of the body frame adjusting device joystick, the rear supporting wheel automatic drawing back, and it is the Movable bed surface furnishing is vertical with the bed surface width adjusting apparatus, with sufficient frame adjusting device with sufficient frame to 70 ° to 80 ° of downward modulations, and the thigh frame is slightly lifted with thigh frame elevation angle regulation device, will form the wheelchair form at this moment, and it is little to have the wheelchair floor space, moves flexible characteristics; Put on camisole as patient, just and rotate the lifting device handwheel and conciliate civilian dress and put handle and can in time separate; As reverse operating, will form the multifunction nursing bed form, and have the bed surface widened and good comfort level, the security.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: overcome that supporting needs artificial inconvenience and the potential safety hazard of bringing of adjusting behind the existing sitting-lying double-purpose wheelchair, also overcome existing multifunction nursing bedly, bedstead is long, and volume is big, mobile inflexible shortcoming.Owing to taked lever or rocking handle mode of operation, realized wheelchair, multifunction nursing bed quick conversion has improved the comfort level and the security when patient is flat to crouch, and shifts patient between having avoided from the wheelchair to the doss repeatedly and gives psychology that patient and nursing staff bring and the burden on the muscle power; Having solved due to illness the people pushes down trousers and influences and utilize the existing civilian dress of separating to put and in time separate just problem; And make it separate the civilian dress interposed structure to obtain simplifying.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples this utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is the equipped figure of population structure
Fig. 2 is patient's lifting device front view
Fig. 3 is a bed surface width adjusting apparatus structure chart
Fig. 4 adjusts the control structure figure that sufficient frame rises and falls
Fig. 5 is the side view of Fig. 4
Fig. 6 is the mechanism map of pulling pin in the sufficient frame take-off and landing device
Fig. 7 separates civilian dress interposed structure allocation plan
Fig. 8 is the thigh frame control structure figure that rises and falls
Fig. 9 is manual diagonal brace component diagram
Figure 10 protects to block the adjustment structure chart for a short time
Figure 11 is the camisole sketch map
Figure 12 is a supporting hunting gear structure chart
Figure 13 is that bed surface is widened the device second embodiment front view
Figure 14 is the right view of Figure 13
The specific embodiment
In Fig. 1 and Figure 12, do not cause bedstead 40 to tumble for making back of the body frame 14 on the less bedstead 40 of length, width dimensions, fall back to 0 ° by 90 °, disposed supporting hunting gear IV at bedstead 40 rear portions.This device has two pairs of long frame shape guide rails 26, and symmetry is fixed on bedstead 40 rear portions; The sealing of long frame shape guide rail 26 tops, lower openings, the guide wheel 43 of band rib is packed into from long frame shape guide rail 26 opening parts, two have the clamping plate 42 of stopper slot to clip long frame shape guide rail 26 openings by screw bearing pin 29 and nut 125, limit the effective length of long frame and with closure of openings, guide wheel 43 can roll on upper and lower non-loosening ground in long frame shape guide rail 26 frames flexibly, guide wheel 43 endoporus are equipped with guide wheel shaft 27, guide wheel shaft 27 is hinged and dead with last connecting rod 25 lower ends pin with cramp bar 28 upper ends, and connecting rod 25 upper ends are hinged with back of the body frame 14 on this; And cramp bar 28 lower end mounting support wheels 31, lower link 41 its upper ends are hinged by bearing pin 124 with cramp bar 28 mid points, the optical axis part of lower end and screw pivot pin 29 is hinged, and distance equals hinged center on the cramp bar 28 to 1/2 of distance between bogie wheel 31 centers between 41 liang of hinged centers of lower link; When back of the body frame 14 falls after rise, move behind bed body and the gravity center of human body, last connecting rod 25 promotion guide wheel shafts 27 prolong with guide wheel 43 that guide rail is vertical to descend, and lower link 41 is that the center rotates counterclockwise with screw pivot pin 29, while promotes cramp bar 28 backward and makes bogie wheel 31 translation backward of its lower end, and vice versa.Because bogie wheel 31, has effectively prevented the bed body with the synchronous translation of gravity center of human body and has tumbled, the comfortable safety when having kept as multifunction nursing bed the use.In like manner, when using, kept floor space little, mobile flexible characteristic as wheelchair.
Bed surface width adjusting apparatus III has two kinds of embodiments.In Fig. 1 and first kind of embodiment shown in Figure 3, a Movable bed surface 20 is arranged, it is hinged with grooved spare 57 upper ends that are fixed on the bedstead 40 on one side, another side and narrow slotted link 54 upper ends are hinged, and reside in sipes shape connecting rod 56 grooves lower end of narrow slotted link 54, and hinged with sipes shape connecting rod 56 left sides, sipes shape connecting rod 56 the right are resided in the groove of channel 57 and are hinged with channel 57 lower ends; More than be wired to a parallelogram between each hinged central point; Weld a horizontal planker 58 in channel 57 bottoms, in order to remain on the horizontality of bed surface Movable bed surface 20 when widening state; Side is protected the column 19 that blocks on 109 and is resided in the narrow slotted link 54 also hinged with it by bearing pin 55, over against stull 110 intermediate throughholes, the conduit 18 of welding one band inner retaining side, threaded latch 50 in one top and spring 51 are packed in the conduit 18, at ordinary times spring 51 latch 50 can be sprung into the locating hole 122 that is arranged on pulldown bed 20 horizontal planes ' or the side on dowel hole 122; Utilize latch 50 top screw threads and nut 49, nut 47 fixing operation handles 48, operating grip 48 two ends are flat plate shape, can insert respectively in two posts, the 52 top guide grooves 53, restriction handle 48 can only upper and lowerly slide, can not be that rotate at the center with latch 50, with the operating position of this predetermined operation handle 48; Nut 49 ' can adjust latch 50 insert locating holes 122 or 122 ' the degree of depth; When upwards carrying operating grip 48, the locating hole 122 of latch 50 from Movable bed surface 20 horizontal planes ' extract, continuing to hold operating grip 48 upwards puies forward side and protects and block 109, Movable bed surface 20 and sipes shape connecting rod 56 respectively with channel 57 hinged centers be that the center clockwise rotates, up to double dot dash line shown in Figure 3 position, the unclamp operation handle 48 then, and latch 50 is sprung into the dowel hole 122 that is positioned on Movable bed surface 20 sides under spring 51 effects, and promptly finish the bed surface width and turn down this moment; When making Movable bed surface 20 return to horizontal level shown in Fig. 3 solid line, promptly finish the bed surface width widen with same operational approach; No matter the how conversion of bed surface width is protected and is blocked 109 and all keep plumbness; When Movable bed surface 20 was in horizontal level, the unclamp operation handle 48, do not allow latch 50 insert dowel holes 122, and outwards upset is protected and blocked 109 simultaneously, can make to protect to block 109 and put down, so that patient goes to bed, leaves the bed.
In Figure 13, second kind of embodiment of bed surface width adjusting apparatus III shown in Figure 14, Movable bed surface 20 ' it is hinged with bearing pin A with the still 57 ' upper end that is fixed on the bedstead 40 on one side, another side and moving plate 54 ' upper end are hinged with bearing pin B, and moving plate 54 ' the lower end by bearing pin C hinged with two spacer rings 127 with two identical lengthy motion picture 56 ' one ends, spacer ring 127 has guaranteed lengthy motion picture 56 ' be in equidistant state around hinged central motion the time, and avoids interfering with bearing pin A; Lengthy motion picture 56 ' the other end and still 57 ' lower end by bearing pin D hinged, more than each pin joint line of centres become a parallelogram; Weld in still 57 ' bottom a horizontal planker 58 ', in order to remain on bed surface Movable bed surface 20 when widening state ' horizontality.
Protect the affixed U-shaped spare 19 in column 19 lower ends of blocking on 109 ', U-shaped spare 19 ' by bearing pin E be hinged on moving plate 54 ' on, and guarantee that by spacer ring 124 U-shaped spares 19 ' center line overlaps with still 57 ' center line; The configuration of other relevant control structure parts and effect thereof are identical with the narration of first embodiment, no longer repeat.
When upwards carrying operating grip 48, the locating hole 122 of latch 50 from Movable bed surface 20 ' horizontal plane ' extract, continuing to hold operating grip 48 upwards carries protecting and blocks 109, Movable bed surface 20 ' and lengthy motion picture 56 ' respectively with still 57 ' hinged center be that the center rotates counterclockwise up to double dot dash line shown in Figure 13 position, even the C point moves to C ', the B point moves to B ', locating hole 122 on Movable bed surface 20 ' side becomes and is on the horizontal plane, the unclamp operation handle 48 then, latch 50 is sprung in the locating hole 122 under spring 51 effects, and promptly finish the bed surface width and turn down this moment; Make Movable bed surface 20 ' when returning to horizontal level shown in Figure 13 solid line, promptly finish the bed surface width widen with same operational approach.
No matter the how conversion of bed surface width is protected and is blocked 109 and all keep plumbness.
When Movable bed surface 20 ' when being in horizontal level, the unclamp operation handle 48, do not allow latch 50 insert dowel holes 122 ', outwards upset is protected and is blocked 109 simultaneously, can make to protect to block 109 and put down, so that patient's bunk bed.
In bed surface width adjusting apparatus III second embodiment, owing to substituted flute profile rod member in the first embodiment, make designs simplification with monolithic shape rod member, volume reduces, and has reduced manufacturing cost.
At Fig. 1, among Fig. 2, patient's lifting device I is configured in back of the body frame 14 back.Guide pillar 46 upper ends in this device are fixed on horizontal Beam 45 two ends, the bearing holder (housing, cover) 4 that bearing 114 is housed is fixed in the middle of the horizontal Beam 45, the screw mandrel 5 top diameters of axle 3 bearing 114 endoporus of packing into, handwheel 2 is installed on screw mandrel 5 tops, screw mandrel 5 threaded portions screw out and are fixed on the nut 6 that promotes on frame 1 boundary frame area, simultaneously guide pillar 46 lower ends are passed with the guide pin bushing 44 of nut 6 balanced configurations and are packed into and are positioned at the locating hole at horizontal Beam 45 ' two ends down, and the screw mandrel 5 lower end diameters of axle 3 ' threading be positioned at down horizontal Beam 45 ' middle outer have bearing holder (housing, cover) 4 ' bearing 114 ', utilize holding screw 115 will go up horizontal Beam 45 and down horizontal Beam 45 ' be fixed on the back of the body frame 14 same basal planes; When rotating handwheel 2, promote frame 1 and can upper and lowerly slide freely along guide pillar 46, the top margin frame that promotes frame 1 is positioned at the patient head top, hang with camisole above, when patient puts on camisole, rotate handwheel 2 and can make patient posterior leave bed surface slightly, so that take off, wear trousers; Promoting frame 1 when flat crouching can do head and protect and block.
In Figure 11, camisole is hung promoting on the frame 1, and by suspender belt 117, bracelet 121 lies in the oxter band 119 of oxter and lies under rib rib under and is with 120 compositions, is with under oxter band 119 and the rib and also is equipped with bracelet 121 on 120; Be with 120 firmly to sew up under suspender belt 117 and oxter band 119 and the rib in square crossing place, be with 120 firmly to sew up with the softish vest 118 of liner again under oxter band 119, the rib, vest 118 is regulated elasticity by nylon buckles 126, suspender belt 117, oxter band 119, be with 120 under the rib by bracelet 121 adjusting elasticities, suspender belt 117 usefulness have the nylon knitting belt manufacturing of certain flexibility.When promoting frame 1 rising, the patient who is installed with camisole rises thereupon, and patient posterior is left bed surface slightly, can take off, wear trousers to patient.
In addition, handrail 21 is housed protecting to block on 109, life plate adnexa 22 and transfusion suspension bracket adnexa 24 can satisfy that patient has a rest, life and treatment needs.
Shown in Figure 10 protect for a short time to block have a channel 103 to have protecting of slotted hole 105 in the parts 59 to block column 101 and reside in the channel 103 by transition piece 104 and the affixed bottom of back of the body frame 14 side frames, on channel 103 cell walls pin-and-hole is arranged, bearing pin 102 passes the pin-and-hole on channel 103 cell walls and protects the slotted hole 105 that blocks column 101 bottoms, to protect for a short time and block parts 59 and be vertically located in the channel 103, the groove bottom of channel 103 is with to protect the first arc 106 that blocks column 101 lower ends tangent, the center of circle of catch 111 end faces and first arc 106 is on same horizontal plane, for a short time protect and block patient's upper body that 59 pairs of parts are in an appearance and play the effect of protecting of blocking, be fit to wheelchair and use needs.When on carry and protecting for a short time when blocking parts 59 and being up to the standard the position to turning up, protect and block the catch 111 that column 101 is welded in channel 103 bottoms and hold, back of the body frame bed surface is widened, be fit to nursing bed and use needs.
In Fig. 1 and Fig. 7, configuration is separated civilian dress and is put VI under buttocks frame 15 and the thigh frame 16, and the top, bedpan carrier 35 two side of this device is bent into flat shoulder.Above the flat shoulder and following steel ball retainer 78 and 79 of welding respectively, wherein put into steel ball 33, and one is packed into and is welded in the right angle guide rail 34 in bedstead 40 stulls, articulated linkage 77 between bedpan carrier 35 and stool handhole cover door 76, stool handhole cover door 76 and crank 74 are fixed on the axle 73, and it is hinged that crank 74 and the feed screw nut who uses always manage mechanism 75.When rotation crank 37, because the feed screw nut manages mechanism's 75 other ends by the fulcrum on the support 113 113 ' qualification, the result make the feed screw nut manage mechanism 75 extend left and drive crank 74 clockwise rotate make the axle 73 and stool handhole cover door 76 also clockwise rotate, when stool handhole cover door 76 forwards double dot dash line shown in Figure 7 position to, just hole 112 is opened, simultaneously connecting rod 77 is moved bedpan carrier 35 just under the hole 112, and patients is separated just.The backward rotation rocking handle 37 after an action of the bowels, and then stool handhole cover door 76 just covers in hole 112, and bedpan carrier 35 is got back to initial position simultaneously, nursing staff's cleaning of the bedpan in the bedpan carrier 35 can being taken away.Owing to adopted the spherical guide structure, make bedpan carrier 35 bear from connecting rod 77 upwards, move under the downward pressure situation light, flexible, make simultaneously this apparatus structure compacter, simplify.
In Fig. 1, three-bend bed frame II constitutes by back of the body frame 14, buttocks frame 15, thigh frame 16 and sufficient frame 17 are mutually hinged, and buttocks frame 15 is fixing with bedstead 40, can satisfy that patient flatly crouches, semireclining, bent lower limb, sit up straight, flatly sits back and waits various body appearance conversion needs.The pre-installed a pair of universal caster wheel 36 in bedstead 40 belows, after adorn a pair of inflation or solid rubber tire 32, fixing commonly used brake part V on bedstead 40 lower frames.
Back of the body frame adjusting device VIII has two kinds of embodiments.
Figure 1 shows that first kind of embodiment.In this embodiment, hinged air spring parts between back of the body frame 14 and the bedstead 40.In the air spring parts, one end and the bearing 39 on the bedstead 40 of air spring 13 are hinged, the other end is hinged with the support 7 that is fixed on the back of the body frame 14 by little hinge frame 8, an also hinged depression bar 10 on the support 7, affixed with the vertical component of ⊥ type bar 108 below the depression bar 10, the joystick 12 of its horizontal component and lever 11 below balanced configurations fuses.When holding lever 11 and tell finger and upwards carry joystick 12, depression bar 10 rotates around its hinged center, depresses contact 9, makes air spring 13 remove self-lockings, can adjust arbitrarily to carry on the back frame 14 and rise and fall in 0 ° to 90 ° scope.When finger left joystick 12, air spring 13 recovered self-locking, and back of the body frame 14 is locked.
Figure 9 shows that second kind of embodiment.In this embodiment, manually the diagonal brace parts have a down tube 96, and the bearing 39 on lower end and the bedstead 40 is hinged, can slide in swing set 95 in top, and swing set 95 can be swung between two screw fulcrums 100 that are installed in one heart on the support 97.The conduit 92 of swing set 95 bottoms welding one band guide groove, dress pulls pin 94 in it, at ordinary times, pull pin and 94 under spring 91 effect, insert in the down tube 96 corresponding pin-and-holes, with down tube 96 lockings, contact pin 93 passes gathering sill on the conduit 92 and is vertically fixed on and pulls pin on 94, and catch 90 and circlip 89 block spring 91 and make it to form initial elastic force.Above-mentioned support 97 1 ends are vertical affixed with back of the body frame 14, and the other end and lever 11 are affixed, and joystick 88 front ends pass the stopper slot of lever 11 front ends and pass through pivot pin 98 hinged with it.When holding lever 11 and joystick 88, mechanical finger 99 is that the center clockwise rotates with bearing pin 98, promotes contact pin 93 and pull pin 94 to move to left, and makes down tube 96 remove self-lockings, can adjust arbitrarily in 0 ° to 90 ° scope equally and carry on the back rising and falling of frame 14.Pull pin 94 when opening joystick 88 under spring 91 effects when openhanded, sprung in the corresponding locating hole that is arranged on the down tube 96, will carry on the back frame 14 and lock.
More than two kinds of support component joysticks near levers, operational motion is little, and is convenient and swift.
Thigh frame elevation angle regulation device IX shown in Figure 8, bent lower limb requirement when satisfying that patient is flat to crouch, and human body play forward when avoiding carrying on the back frame 14 and rising.This device has a lever 80 and the empty cover of axle 73 1 ends, and the galianconism of lever 80 and another feed screw nut manage mechanism 75 ' hinged, and the long-armed push rod 81 with a dribbling hinge of lever 80 is hinged, and also dribble hinge and thigh frame 16 of push rod 81 other ends is hinged; When rotation crank 38, screw mandrel 83 rotates in nut 82, because screw mandrel 83 is limited by the fulcrum on the support 84 85, the result makes nut 82 and feed screw nut manage mechanism 75 ' move to right, lever 80 is that the center rotates counterclockwise with axle 73, and long-armed upwards penetrator ram 81 increases thigh frame 16 elevations angle; The suitable increase in thigh frame 16 elevations angle can stop when back of the body frame rises human body play forward, also can coordinate bent lower limb requirement when reaching flat crouching with adjusting sufficient frame 17.
At Fig. 4, among the sufficient frame adjusting device VII shown in Figure 5, foot has a through hole in the middle of protecting and blocking 17 stull 63, welding one hollow pipe 61 above, in adorn hollow guide pillar 62, " clamping one joystick 60; joystick 60 two ends are flat plate shape can insert respectively in the guide groove of column 52 ' top, and restriction joystick 60 can only upper and lowerly slide; can not be that rotate at the center with hollow guide pillar 62, stipulate the operating position of joystick 60 with this with nut O ', O at hollow guide pillar 62 top threaded portions." limit the lower position of joystick 60, the steel wire of backguy 107 1 ends passes from hollow guide pillar 62 centers nut 49, and the top exposed portions serve clips with the wired screw 59 of standard, stops steel wire to be drawn out of; Pull pin 66 by being crimped on plumbous axle 107 on the steel wire ' flexibly connect in the steel wire (see figure 6) of backguy 107 other ends and the conduit 65; Nut 64 is spun on and blocks spring 67 on the conduit 65 and make it to form elastic force just, spring 67 will be pulled pin and 66 be sprung in the locating hole of support column 68, above-mentioned conduit 65 other ends are vertically welded on the swing set 69, fix two fulcrums 71 on the support 70 relatively with one heart, 69 of swing sets can be swung between two fulcrums 71, and support column 68 upper ends and sufficient frame 17 are hinged.When handle 60 upwards, guide pillar 62 is being with steel wire to rise thereupon, and pulling is pulled pin and 66 extracted from the locating hole of support column 68, continues to hold the decline angle that handle 60 can arbitrarily be adjusted sufficient frame 17; Spring 67 will be pulled pin again and 66 be sprung in the new locating hole support column 68 lockings when release handle 60, simultaneously with sufficient frame 17 lockings.

Claims (11)

1, a kind of Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to, at the three-bend bed of bedstead (40) corresponding site configuration frame (II), front-wheel (36), trailing wheel (32), brake gear (V), lever (11), separate civilian dress and put (VI), foot frame adjusting device (VII), handrail (21) and life plate adnexa (22) are housed protecting to block on the parts (109), transfusion suspension bracket adnexa (24), it is characterized in that: supporting hunting gear (IV) is configured in bedstead (40) rear portion, bed surface width adjusting apparatus (III) is fixed on top, bedstead (40) both sides by channel (57) or still (57 '), block parts (59) affixed the protecting for a short time of back of the body frame (14) both sides frame, and carrying on the back fixedly patient's lifting device (I) of frame (14) back side, camisole (23) is hung and is being promoted on the frame (1), thigh frame adjusting device (IX) is configured in thigh frame (16) below, and back of the body frame adjusting device (VIII) is hinged on back of the body frame (14) and is fixed between the bearing (39) of bedstead (40) upper back.
2, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: supporting hunting gear (IV) is rigidly attached to bedstead (40) rear portion by the long frame shape guide rail (26) of following opening, the guide wheel (43) that one band rib is arranged on long frame shape guide rail (26), guide wheel (43) endoporus is equipped with guide wheel shaft (27), guide wheel shaft (27) is hinged and dead with last connecting rod (25) lower end pin with cramp bar (28) upper end, it is hinged with back of the body frame (14) to go up connecting rod (25) upper end, and cramp bar (28) lower end mounting support wheel (31), at cramp bar (28) the hinged lower link of point midway (41), the optical axis part of this lower link (41) lower end and screw bearing pin (29) is hinged, screw bearing pin (29) other end has screw thread, clamping plate (42) by nut (125) and band locating slot clip the following opening of long frame shape guide rail (26), go up hinged center to 1/2 of distance between bogie wheel (31) center apart from equaling cramp bar (28) between lower link (41) the two hinged centers.
3, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: bed surface width adjusting apparatus (III) is hinged on one side with Movable bed surface (20) in channel (57) upper end of bedstead (40) both sides upper fixed, Movable bed surface (20) another side and narrow slotted link (54) upper end are hinged, this narrow slotted link (54) lower end and sipes shape connecting rod (56) one ends are hinged, and sipes shape connecting rod (56) other end and channel (57) lower end are hinged.So order is hinged to a parallelogram, narrow slotted link (54) resides in the sipes shape connecting rod (56), sipes shape connecting rod (56) resides in the channel (57) that the bottom is welded with horizontal planker (58), the lower end is made protecting of first arcuation and is blocked column (19) and reside in the narrow slotted link (54) and be hinged on the cell wall of narrow slotted link (54) by bearing pin (55), protect and block stull (110) middle part one through hole is arranged, conduit (18) over against the vertical affixed band inner retaining side of this through hole, latch (50) and spring (51) are arranged in the conduit (18), on Movable bed surface (20) horizontal plane, locating hole (122 ') is arranged, locating hole (122) is arranged on the side, latch (50) can insert locating hole (122 '), also can insert the locating hole (122) on Movable bed surface (20) side when being in plumbness, there is screw thread on latch (50) top and passes through nut (47), (49) fixing operation handle (48), operating grip (48) two ends are flat plate shape, can insert two respectively and protect and block in post (52) the top guide groove (53), adjust nut (49 ') and be screwed into latch (50) the threaded portion bottom is arranged.
4, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: bed surface width adjusting apparatus (III) is hinged with bearing pin (A) on one side with Movable bed surface (20 ') in still (57 ') upper end of bedstead (40) both sides upper fixed, Movable bed surface (20 ') another side and moving plate (54 ') upper end are hinged with bearing pin (B), the lower end of moving plate (54 ') is hinged with two identical lengthy motion pictures (56 ') end with two spacer rings (127) by bearing pin (C), the other end of lengthy motion picture (56 ') and still (57 ') lower end are hinged by bearing pin (D) and two other spacer ring (127), at still (57 ') the affixed horizontal planker in bottom (58 '), protect and block column (19) the affixed U-shaped spare in lower end (19 '), U-shaped spare (19 ') is hinged on the moving plate (54 ') by bearing pin (E), is with spacer ring (124) on bearing pin (E) diameter of axle of moving plate (54 ') both sides.
5, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: guide pillar (46) upper end in patient's lifting device (I) is fixed on horizontal Beam (45) two ends, the bearing holder (housing, cover) (4) that bearing (114) are housed is fixed in the middle of the horizontal Beam (45), screw mandrel (5) the top diameter of axle (3) bearing (114) endoporus of packing into, handwheel (2) is installed on screw mandrel (5) top, screw mandrel (5) threaded portion screws out and is fixed on the nut (6) that promotes on frame (1) boundary frame area, simultaneously guide pillar (46) lower end is passed with the guide pin bushing (44) of nut (6) balanced configuration and is packed into and is positioned at the locating hole at horizontal Beam (45 ') two ends down, and screw mandrel (5) the lower end diameter of axle (3 ') threading is positioned at the middle outer bearing (114 ') that bearing holder (housing, cover) (4 ') are arranged of horizontal Beam (45 ') down, utilize holding screw (115) that entablature (45) and sill (45 ') are fixed on the same basal plane of back of the body frame (14), the top margin frame that promotes frame (1) is positioned at the patient head top.
6, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: camisole (23) is hung on the top margin frame (1) of patient's lifting device (I) by suspender belt (117), suspender belt (117) is with square crossing place of (120) firmly to sew up down with oxter band (119) and rib, oxter band (119) and rib band (120) down firmly sew up with vest (118), nylon buckles (126) firmly sews up with the softish vest of liner (118), and suspender belt (117), oxter band (119), rib band (120) down all have bracelet (121).
7, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, its feature is being: protect for a short time and block parts (59) and have a channel (103) affixed with back of the body frame (14) side frame by transition piece (104), the bottom has protecting of slotted hole (105) and blocks column (101) and reside in the channel (103), on channel (103) cell wall pin-and-hole is arranged, bearing pin (102) passes the pin-and-hole on channel (103) cell wall and protects the slotted hole (105) that blocks column (101) bottom, to protect for a short time and block parts (59) and be vertically located in the channel (103), the groove bottom of channel (103) is with to protect the first arc (106) that blocks column (101) lower end tangent, and the center of circle of catch (111) end face and first arc (106) is on same horizontal plane.
8, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described civilian dress of separating is put (VI) its bedpan carrier (35) top, two side and is bent into flat shoulder, above the flat shoulder and following steel ball retainer (78) and (79) of welding respectively, wherein put into steel ball (33), and one is packed into and is welded in the right angle guide rail (34) on the bedstead (40), hang on right angle guide rail (34), articulated linkage (77) between bedpan carrier (35) and stool handhole cover door (76), stool handhole cover door (76) and crank (74) are fixed on the axle (73), and it is hinged that crank (74) and the feed screw nut who uses always manage mechanism (75).
9, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: thigh frame adjusting device (IX) has had the lever (80) that is enclosed within on the axle (73), it is hinged that the galianconism of lever (80) and a feed screw nut manage mechanism (75 '), the long-armed push rod (81) with a dribbling hinge of lever (80) is hinged, push rod (81) other end hinge of also dribbling, hinged with thigh frame (16).
10, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: an end of back of the body frame adjusting device (VIII) air spring (13) is hinged with the bearing (39) that is fixed on bedstead (40) upper back, the other end is hinged with the support (7) that is fixed on the back of the body frame (14) by little hinge frame (8), support (7) is gone up an also hinged depression bar (10), affixed with the vertical component of ⊥ type bar (108) below the depression bar (10), the joystick (12) of the horizontal component of ⊥ type bar (108) and lever (11) below balanced configuration fuses.
11, the Wheel-chair type bed of providing special care to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: back of the body frame adjusting device (VIII) has the bearing (39) on a lower end and the bedstead (40) hinged, can slide in swing set (95) in top, the down tube (96) that locating hole is arranged, back of the body frame (14) is gone up welding support (97), two screw fulcrums (100) are installed on it with one heart, swing set (95) can be swung between two screw fulcrums (100), the conduit (92) of swing set (95) bottom welding one band guide groove, interior adorn pull pin (94), the guide groove that contact pin (93) passes on the conduit (92) is vertically fixed on pull pin (94), there is spring (91) (94) back of pulling pin, catch (90) and circlip (89), above-mentioned support (97) and anterior handle (11) welding that has stopper slot, flat part of joystick (88) front end passed the anterior stopper slot of handle (11) and hinged by pivot pin (98) and handle (11), and mechanical finger (99) part contacts with contact pin (93).
CN 02234881 2002-05-22 2002-05-22 Special-nurse wheeled chair bed CN2560331Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02234881 CN2560331Y (en) 2002-05-22 2002-05-22 Special-nurse wheeled chair bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02234881 CN2560331Y (en) 2002-05-22 2002-05-22 Special-nurse wheeled chair bed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2560331Y true CN2560331Y (en) 2003-07-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 02234881 CN2560331Y (en) 2002-05-22 2002-05-22 Special-nurse wheeled chair bed

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Country Link
CN (1) CN2560331Y (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1899234B (en) * 2006-07-26 2010-05-12 孔庆莹 Full automatic nursing bed-chair
CN102641193A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-22 宋大伟 Multifunctional nursing chair bed
CN104274284A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-14 霍飞虎 Wheel chair with toilet auxiliary device
CN104434417A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-25 云南昆鹰汽车工贸有限公司 Adjustable movable trolley
CN104997600A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-10-28 江南大学 Omni-directional electric medical care bed chair
CN108143549A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-12 何静瑶 A kind of sliding rehabilitation wheelchair of medical treatment
CN108175214A (en) * 2017-02-24 2018-06-19 邢川明 The bed of Wo Jiao and its head of a bed back board device can be adjusted
CN108478343A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-04 谢曼娟 A kind of nursing chair of the stroke patient nursing convenient for stool and urine
CN108836648A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-11-20 李秀荣 A kind of Medical wheelchair of the upper and lower hospital bed of intelligence
CN109596420A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-04-09 鹤壁市质量技术监督检验测试中心 A kind of fixture for pull test
CN110327165A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-10-15 青岛大学附属医院 A kind of obstetrics' postpartum comprehensive care device and its application method
CN111407546A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-14 胡蓓 Nursing bed convenient for disabled person to use

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1899234B (en) * 2006-07-26 2010-05-12 孔庆莹 Full automatic nursing bed-chair
CN102641193B (en) * 2012-04-28 2013-06-12 宋大伟 Multifunctional nursing chair bed
CN102641193A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-22 宋大伟 Multifunctional nursing chair bed
CN104274284A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-14 霍飞虎 Wheel chair with toilet auxiliary device
CN104434417B (en) * 2014-11-20 2017-01-25 云南昆鹰汽车工贸有限公司 Adjustable movable trolley
CN104434417A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-25 云南昆鹰汽车工贸有限公司 Adjustable movable trolley
CN104997600A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-10-28 江南大学 Omni-directional electric medical care bed chair
CN108175214A (en) * 2017-02-24 2018-06-19 邢川明 The bed of Wo Jiao and its head of a bed back board device can be adjusted
CN108143549A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-12 何静瑶 A kind of sliding rehabilitation wheelchair of medical treatment
CN108836648A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-11-20 李秀荣 A kind of Medical wheelchair of the upper and lower hospital bed of intelligence
CN108478343A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-04 谢曼娟 A kind of nursing chair of the stroke patient nursing convenient for stool and urine
CN109596420A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-04-09 鹤壁市质量技术监督检验测试中心 A kind of fixture for pull test
CN109596420B (en) * 2019-01-31 2020-01-24 鹤壁市质量技术监督检验测试中心 Clamp for tensile test
CN110327165A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-10-15 青岛大学附属医院 A kind of obstetrics' postpartum comprehensive care device and its application method
CN111407546A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-14 胡蓓 Nursing bed convenient for disabled person to use

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