CN2545818Y - Double-slope intelligent greenhouses - Google Patents

Double-slope intelligent greenhouses Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2545818Y
CN2545818Y CN02235229U CN02235229U CN2545818Y CN 2545818 Y CN2545818 Y CN 2545818Y CN 02235229 U CN02235229 U CN 02235229U CN 02235229 U CN02235229 U CN 02235229U CN 2545818 Y CN2545818 Y CN 2545818Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
steel pipe
rectangular steel
plate
galvanizing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN02235229U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张利群
高学敏
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Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering CAAE
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Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering CAAE
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Priority to CN02235229U priority Critical patent/CN2545818Y/en
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Publication of CN2545818Y publication Critical patent/CN2545818Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to double-slope intelligent multi-span heliogreenhouses. The utility model comprises multi-span heliogreenhouses which are combined by a northern insulating brick wall, an east insulating brisk wall, a west insulating brick wall and a double-slope roof truss, a mechanical roller shutter insulating cover, a southern double-layer plastic wall, a wet curtain ventilation cooling system which is controlled by intelligence; an external sunshade system, an internal shading system, a skylight system, a warming system and so on. Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages that the utility model integrates the advantages of the domestic greenhouse, such as good lighting, strong regenerative capability, good warming effect, low cost and so on; and the advantages of foreign multi-span plastic greenhouses, such as high utilization rate of the land, strong control capability on environmental conditions, large scale of production, automatic control, high labor efficiency and suitability for mechanized operations and so on. At the same time, the disadvantages that the low utilization rate of the daylight greenhouse land, the greenhouse can not be used in summer, the greenhouse is not suitable for the mechanized operations, the investment of the multi-span plastic greenhouses is expansive, the energy cost is high, the operation is at loss and so on are all overcome.

Description

The intelligent Donges light greenhouse that connects of double slope surface
Technical field
The present invention relates to the intelligent Donges light greenhouse that connects of a kind of double slope surface.
Background technology
Promptly there are the unique various advantages of greenhouse by solar heat of China in the intelligent Donges light greenhouse that connects of double slope surface, has taken in every strong point in the full optical plastic of import Continuous building type greenhouse again concurrently, and, small investment, low, the very suitable China's actual conditions of production cost.
The greenhouse by solar heat of Chinese style, it is good to have a lighting performance, and the light transmittance of energy-saving heliogreenhouse is generally more than 70%~80%, and is all higher than an import plastic green house (light transmittance 50%~60%) and an import glass greenhouse (light transmittance 60%~70%); Heat storage capacity is strong; Good heat insulating; Small investment; Production cost is low; The economic benefit advantages of higher.But greenhouse by solar heat also exists land utilization rate low (only having 50%), summer can not produce, be not suitable for shortcomings such as mechanized.
From comprising of external introduction of a homemade company full optical plastic greenhouse (connecting a glass greenhouse, Lian Dong PC plate greenhouse etc.), it is strong all to have the environmental condition controllability; Solar thermal utilization fully, provide effective space for plant growth; The land utilization rate height; Suitable for mechanization, operating condition is good; Production scale is big; The efficiency height; Characteristics such as yield potential is big.But attached-greenhouse also exists investment big (investing 400 yuan~1000 yuan for every square metre), (the East China heat cost is more than 1.1 ten thousand yuan/mu for the energy consumption cost height; Beijing-Tianjin area's heat cost, 1.8 ten thousand yuan/mu~2.6 ten thousand yuan/mu; The Northeast's heat cost, 3~50,000 yuan/mu.) problem.Because so all there are serious losses due to poor management in the most of attached-greenhouse of total production cost height.Although this attached-greenhouse has a lot of advantages, advanced technology under present national power condition, is difficult to large tracts of land for the moment and popularizes.
The advantage in above-mentioned two kinds of greenhouses has been taken in the intelligent even Donges light of double slope surface greenhouse concurrently, has overcome their shortcoming again, is a kind of agricultural facility that has development prospect.Connect the advantage that Donges light greenhouse has absorbed the greenhouse by solar heat good heat insulating, with the brick wall that has heat-insulation layer, as going along with sb. to guard him of three in north, east, west, advance covering and heat insulating quilt above the PC plate (or plastic foil), thermal insulation quilt is spread with mechanical the volume.This structure significantly improves the thermal isolation and heat storage performance of attached-greenhouse, therefore greatly reduces the heat cost in greenhouse.Three design features of going along with sb. to guard him with brick wall make construction investment be starkly lower than the import attached-greenhouse.And its heating cost also is below 1/3rd of import attached-greenhouse.In addition, it has adopted the advantage of import attached-greenhouse again,, can make as required and is assembled between several stride to being the Continuous building type booth towards south, can satisfy the different demands of user.Can implement mechanized in the greenhouse, accomplish scale production, improve labor productivity.Absorbed the advantage of import attached-greenhouse in the greenhouse, by the wet aeration-cooling system of curtain of computer controlled automatic, external sunshade system, in shade system, retractable roof system, heating system etc.
Summary of the invention
The utility model has designed a kind of double slope surface Continuous building type greenhouse by solar heat.As shown in Figure 1, by galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 17, galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 20 and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 21 have constituted inequilateral double slope surface roof truss 24.North slope galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 17 is a visite, and southern sloping galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 20 is long slope.Inequilateral double slope surface roof truss 24 and the galvanizing rectangular steel pipe column 5, the gutter 23 that highly equate, connect into an integral body with the galvanizing bolt, form the framework 6 in a Donges light greenhouse, several greenhouse by solar heat frameworks 6 are combined, cover PC plate 15, thermal insulation quilt 19 above, constitute the inequilateral double slope surface and connect a PC plate greenhouse by solar heat.
As shown in Figure 1, galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 13, galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 12, galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 8, concrete foundation 9 and PC plate 7, PC plate 10 constitute Nan Qiang.500 millimeters of the spacings of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 8 and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 12, both sides form one 500 millimeters air heat insulating layer with PC plate 7,10 sealings of PC plate, PC plate 7, PC plate 10 respectively have 8 millimeters air layer, thereby form the air heat insulating layer of three layers each self-enclosed (516 millimeters).
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model has designed a kind of intelligence control system.By shade in the calculator 4 automatic control greenhouses system 25, the wet aeration-cooling system 3 of curtain, the system of windowing 26, heating system, external sunshade system and temperature, humidity measurement system.
As shown in Figure 2, the utility model has designed a kind of building enclosure of three insulation brick walls.The east, north, the west that connect Donges light greenhouse are protected with the insulating brick circummure, and insulation benzene plate 2 (or perlites) are equipped with in the centre of brick wall 1, brick wall 14.Brick wall 31 and western brick wall 27 are installed transom window 29, fly net 28 in the east, form the natural ventilation system in greenhouse.North wall 30 is installed wet curtain 3, and Nan Qiang installs ventilation blower 11, forms machinery cooling ventilating system.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that double slope surface of the present utility model connects a PC plate greenhouse by solar heat
Fig. 2 is insulating brick wall construction figure of the present utility model
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, inequilateral double slope surface roof truss 24 is the metal rod combining structure.One face down bonding of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 17 connects steel plate 16 in succession, and a face down bonding of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 20 connects steel plate 22 in succession, connects steel plate 16 and is connected steel plate 22 and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 21 usefulness galvanizing bolted connection one.The top of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 17 and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 20 is clamped and is used the galvanizing bolted with two block plates 18, has constituted inequilateral double slope surface roof truss 24.North slope galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 17 is a visite, and southern sloping galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 20 is long slope.Inequilateral double slope surface roof truss 24 and the galvanizing rectangular steel pipe column 5, the gutter 23 that highly equate connect into an integral body with the galvanizing bolt, form the framework 6 in a Donges light greenhouse.Several greenhouse by solar heat frameworks 6 are combined, and cover PC plate 15, thermal insulation quilt 19 above, constitute the inequilateral double slope surface and connect a PC plate greenhouse by solar heat.The combining structure of double slope surface roof truss and highly equal column can be combined between individual arbitrarily striding in the company of making Donges light greenhouse, makes the greenhouse area changeable, satisfies the demand of different user to different greenhouses area.
As shown in Figure 1, the upper end of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 8 and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 12 connects with galvanizing bolt and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 13, and the lower end lower margin connects with galvanizing bolt and concrete foundation 9.The both sides of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 8 and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 12 cover PC plate 7, PC plate 10 constitutes Nan Qiang.500 millimeters of the spacings of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 8 and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe 12, both sides form one 500 millimeters air heat insulating layer with PC plate 7,10 sealings of PC plate, PC plate 7, PC plate 10 respectively have 8 millimeters air layer, thereby form three layers of each self-enclosed air heat insulating layer that amounts to 516 millimeters.The heat-insulating property of this structure substantially exceeds the heat-insulating property of any import or homemade attached-greenhouse, can satisfy the insulation requirement to the greenhouse of northeast, northwest cold district.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model absorbs even Donges light greenhouse with the advantage of import attached-greenhouse, has designed a kind of intelligence control system.By shade in the calculator 4 automatic control greenhouses system 25, the wet aeration-cooling system 3 of curtain, the system of windowing 26, heating system, external sunshade system and temperature, humidity measurement system, realized connecting the automation adjusting of Donges light greenhouse temperature, humidity.
As shown in Figure 2, the utility model absorbs the advantage of greenhouse by solar heat, has designed a kind of building enclosure of three insulation brick walls.The east, north, the west that connect Donges light greenhouse are protected with the insulating brick circummure, and insulation benzene plate 2 (or perlites) are equipped with in the centre of brick wall 1, brick wall 14.The heat storage performance of this structure and heat-insulating property will be higher than the import attached-greenhouse far away, can satisfy the weather requirement of northeast, the Northwest fully.And the cost of investment of this structure only is 1/3rd of an import attached-greenhouse.The utility model absorbs the advantage in import greenhouse, and brick wall 31 and western brick wall 27 are installed transom window 29, fly net 28 in the east, form the natural ventilation system in greenhouse.North wall 30 is installed wet curtain 3, and Nan Qiang installs ventilation blower 11, forms machinery cooling ventilating system.Shelter from heat or light and cooling system has guaranteed to connect Donges light greenhouse and realizes producing continuously summer, overcome the shortcoming that greenhouse by solar heat can not be produced summer.
The utility model is compared than prior art has following characteristics:
Taken in that domestic greenhouse by solar heat daylighting is good concurrently, heat storage capacity is strong, good heat insulation, low cost and other advantages and connect a plastic green house land utilization rate height abroad, the environmental condition controllability is strong, production scale big, automation control, be fit to mechanized, efficiency advantages of higher.Simultaneously, overcome that the land utilization rate of greenhouse by solar heat is low, can not produce summer, be not suitable for big, the shortcomings such as energy consumption cost is high, operating loss of investment of mechanized and Lian Dong plastic green house.

Claims (1)

  1. The intelligent Donges light greenhouse that connects of a kind of double slope surface is characterized in that being made up of the Continuous building type greenhouse by solar heat and the intelligence control system of the combination of double slope surface roof truss; By galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (17), galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (20) and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (21), constituted inequilateral double slope surface Continuous building type greenhouse by solar heat roof truss (24), north slope galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (17) is a visite, the sloping galvanizing rectangular steel pipe in south (20) is long slope, inequilateral double slope surface roof truss (24) and the galvanizing rectangular steel pipe column (5) that highly equates, gutter (23), connect into an integral body with the galvanizing bolt, form the framework (6) in a Donges light greenhouse, several greenhouse by solar heat frameworks (6) are combined, and cover PC plate (15) (or plastic covering film) above, (192 constitute inequilateral double slope surface Continuous building type greenhouse by solar heat to thermal insulation quilt; Galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (8), galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (12), galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (13), concrete foundation (9) and PC plate (7), PC plate (10) constitute Nan Qiang, 500 millimeters of the spacings of galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (8) and galvanizing rectangular steel pipe (12), both sides form an air heat insulating layer with PC plate (7), PC plate (10) sealing, and PC plate (7), PC plate (10) respectively have 8 millimeters air layer, thereby form three layers of each self-enclosed air heat insulating layer that amounts to 516 millimeters; A kind of building enclosure of three insulation brick walls, the east, north, the west that connect Donges light greenhouse are protected with the insulating brick circummure, the centre of brick wall (1), brick wall (14), insulation benzene plate (2) (or perlite) is housed, and brick wall (31) and western brick wall (27) are installed transom window (29), fly net (28) in the east, form the natural ventilation system in greenhouse, north wall (30) is installed wet curtain (3), and Nan Qiang installs ventilation blower (11), forms machinery cooling ventilating system; A kind of intelligence control system, by calculator (4) control automatically the greenhouse in shade system (25), the wet aeration-cooling system of curtain (3), the system of windowing (26), heating system and temperature, humidity measurement system.
CN02235229U 2002-05-20 2002-05-20 Double-slope intelligent greenhouses Expired - Fee Related CN2545818Y (en)

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CN02235229U CN2545818Y (en) 2002-05-20 2002-05-20 Double-slope intelligent greenhouses

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CN02235229U CN2545818Y (en) 2002-05-20 2002-05-20 Double-slope intelligent greenhouses

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102239791A (en) * 2011-04-24 2011-11-16 庞利民 Greenhouse
CN102283048A (en) * 2011-06-27 2011-12-21 刘立功 Sunlight greenhouse
CN102301927A (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-01-04 杭州市农业科学研究院 Roof-windowing single-span plastic greenhouse
CN102805014A (en) * 2012-08-29 2012-12-05 马桂莲 Efficient energy-saving terraced sunlight greenhouse
CN103026922A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-10 欧燕 Intelligent planting greenhouse
CN103774793A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-05-07 锦州鹏翔电力轻钢设备有限公司 Natural ventilation lighting greenhouse

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102239791A (en) * 2011-04-24 2011-11-16 庞利民 Greenhouse
CN102239791B (en) * 2011-04-24 2013-03-06 宁波大龙农业科技有限公司 Greenhouse
CN102283048A (en) * 2011-06-27 2011-12-21 刘立功 Sunlight greenhouse
CN102283048B (en) * 2011-06-27 2012-11-07 刘立功 Sunlight greenhouse
CN102301927A (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-01-04 杭州市农业科学研究院 Roof-windowing single-span plastic greenhouse
CN102301927B (en) * 2011-07-22 2013-09-25 杭州市农业科学研究院 Roof-windowing single-span plastic greenhouse
CN102805014A (en) * 2012-08-29 2012-12-05 马桂莲 Efficient energy-saving terraced sunlight greenhouse
CN103026922A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-10 欧燕 Intelligent planting greenhouse
CN103774793A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-05-07 锦州鹏翔电力轻钢设备有限公司 Natural ventilation lighting greenhouse

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