CN2477698Y - Hollow, water storage and afforest environmental protecting street building blocks - Google Patents

Hollow, water storage and afforest environmental protecting street building blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2477698Y
CN2477698Y CN 01248067 CN01248067U CN2477698Y CN 2477698 Y CN2477698 Y CN 2477698Y CN 01248067 CN01248067 CN 01248067 CN 01248067 U CN01248067 U CN 01248067U CN 2477698 Y CN2477698 Y CN 2477698Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
building block
hollow
trees
hole
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CN 01248067
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李荣和
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吉林省高等院校科技开发研究中心
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Priority to CN 01248067 priority Critical patent/CN2477698Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2477698Y publication Critical patent/CN2477698Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an environment friendly street building block that is hollow, stores water and beautifies the ground under street trees. The building block is a thickened version of a current cement building block for the pedestrian, and contains a hollow cavity in the center. The upper surface of the building block is provided with a water hole that is communicated with the hollow cavity, and the bottom of the building block is equipped with a water infiltrating hole through which the water in the hollow cavity slowly infiltrates into the ground. The utility model satisfies the demand for air and water of the root systems of trees and other plants on the streets to breathe and survive, improves the utilization rate of rainwater, overcomes the disadvantage of current building blocks that affects the breath and water absorption of the root systems of the trees on the pedestrians, and conduces to beautifying the city and improving the environment.

Description

中空、储水、绿化树下的环保型街道砌块 Hollow, water, environment-friendly green tree street Block

本实用新型属于路面铺设材料技术领域。 The present invention belongs to the technical field of road surfacing material.

伴随现代文明的发展,环境保护受到高度重视,城镇环境保护的重要措施之一是植树绿化,但我国城镇街路绿化植树工作年年进行,新植树木成活率太低,生长发育基本处于停滞状态,原有的成年大树,经常发生倒折,砸伤人车的现象屡有发生。 With the development of modern civilization, environmental protection are highly valued, one of the important measures of environmental protection cities and towns are planting trees, but urban streets of greening and tree planting work carried out every year, the survival rate of newly planted trees is too low, growth almost at a standstill, existing mature trees, often break down, injured people and vehicles phenomenon occurred frequently.

产生上述的原因是:树木根系需要呼吸,根系生长幅射的面积是树冠的一倍以上,根系的吸收根全部分布在根系的外围,由吸收根吸收土壤中的水分和营养,而使树木不断生长壮大。 The reason of the above is: tree roots need to breathe, radiation area of ​​root growth is more than double the crown, absorbing roots roots all located at the periphery of the root system by absorbing roots absorb water and nutrients in the soil, the trees continue growth and expansion. 而目前城市建设为了美观,各城市均将人行道铺装砌块,一直铺至树下,有的砌块虽然留有一些孔隙,目的是使水与空气渗入地下,但人在上面行走,所带泥土很快将孔隙堵死,使渗水透气的目的无法实现。 At present, urban construction for beauty, cities are the sidewalk pavement blocks, has been laid to the tree, although some left block some of the pores, the purpose is to make water and air into the ground, but people walk on, brought soil soon blocked pores, a breathable water seepage so that purpose can not be achieved.

现有的城镇人行道、步行街多用砌块铺装。 Existing urban sidewalks, pedestrian streets paved multi-use blocks. 虽然砌块的周边形状各异,但都是石材或混凝土制成的平板。 Although the peripheral shape of the blocks vary, but the plates are made of stone or concrete. 这种砌块的衔接铺设形成平整、美观、坚实的路面,使行人免受尘土与水泥之苦,但同时又产生了一个付面效应,即不利于街道上的植物生长。 This convergence laying blocks to form smooth, beautiful, solid pavement, pedestrians suffer from dust and cement, but at the same time had to pay a surface effect, that is not conducive to plant growth on the street. 原因是地面以上的雨水、空气被砌块隔绝,树木和花草的根系得不到足够的空气进行呼吸,导致树木窒息干枯。 The reason is that rainwater above the ground, the air isolated blocks, flowers and roots of trees can not get enough air to breathe, resulting in choking dry trees. 缺少雨水的滋润,单靠地下水花草和幼树无法生活。 Lack of rain moisture, groundwater alone can not live flowers and saplings. 这是当前社会虽然注重绿化,保护环境,但人行道铺装砌块,给环保绿化造成严重障碍。 This is despite the current focus on community greening, protection of the environment, but the sidewalk paving blocks, a serious obstacle to environmental protection and greening.

本实用新型的目的是设计一种透水透气并能储水的道路砌块,克服现有技术的上述不足。 The object of the present invention is to design a breathable and permeable reservoir can block the road, to overcome the above deficiencies of the prior art.

本实用新型的技术方案按现有技术的工艺制作混凝砌块或铸铁砌块,并增加厚度,在上表面有漏水孔,中间层有储水空洞,下层有渗水孔。 Aspect of the present invention produced by the coagulation process of the prior art cast iron block or blocks, and increase the thickness, with a weep hole to the surface, the intermediate layer storage cavity, the lower seepage hole. 上表面漏水孔,如有泥土堵塞,可随时用木制或铁制通条将泥土捅进中间空洞,保证渗水、通气的功能的实现。 Leaking hole on the surface, if dirt plugging, wood or metal can be used at any time through the intermediate cavity section stabbed the soil, to ensure that water seepage, realize the function of ventilation.

使用本实用新型的效果是可以使雨水和空气渗入砌块之下的泥土中。 Use of the present invention is novel effect of rain and allows air into the soil below the block. 有利于植物根系的呼吸。 Conducive to breathe plant roots. 不仅可以利用下雨时的雨水,而且可以储存一部分雨水,在雨后慢慢的渗入地下,增加了雨水的利用率,对雨水稀少、地下水位低的地区尤为有意义。 Can not only use rainwater when it rains, and can be saved as part of the rain, after the rain slowly into the ground, increasing the utilization of rainwater, to scarce rainfall, low water table areas is particularly meaningful.

附图为本实用新型的示意图。 New schematic drawings of the present utility.

实施例:本实施例的砌块厚度为15-20cm,上表面为(40×40)cm2,上表面为密实层厚1cm,其上有漏水孔,孔直径1-2cm,孔间距4-6cm。 Example: Block thickness of 15-20cm embodiment of the present embodiment, upper surface (40 × 40) cm2, the surface dense layer thickness 1cm, on which a weep hole, the hole diameter of 1-2cm, hole spacing 4-6cm . 为增加集水效果,孔的上口略带喇叭型。 To increase the catchment effect, catchy hole slightly flared. 上表层以下为涵水层,涵水层有与漏水孔相通的空洞2,本实施例的储水空洞为一排圆柱形通孔直径为8cm。 Below the surface of the culvert aqueous layer, aqueous layer and the culvert weep hole communicating hole 2, the reservoir cavity of the present embodiment is a row of cylindrical bore having a diameter of 8cm. 涵水层下为渗水层,渗水层有与空洞相通的渗水孔3,渗水孔孔径及孔间距可与上表面的漏水孔相同。 Han lower aqueous layer and the cavity communicating hole 3 seepage, seepage hole diameter and the hole pitch may be the same as the upper surface of the weep hole porous sheet, porous sheet. 选上述各部分的结构和尺寸,按现有技术中的原料,工艺制做出混凝土砌块,即完成本实用新型的砌块。 Selected from the above-described structure and dimensions of each part, made of concrete blocks according to the prior art materials, process recipe, to complete the present invention blocks. 铺装到位,即可产生前述的积极效果。 Pavement in place, it can produce the aforementioned positive results.

Claims (1)

  1. 中空、储水、绿化树下的环保型街道砌块,其特征是:上表面有漏水孔(1),中间层有储水空洞(2),下层有渗水孔(3)。 Hollow, water, green trees environmentally friendly street block, wherein: an upper surface with a weep hole (1), the intermediate layer has a storage cavity (2), the lower seepage holes (3).
CN 01248067 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Hollow, water storage and afforest environmental protecting street building blocks CN2477698Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01248067 CN2477698Y (en) 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Hollow, water storage and afforest environmental protecting street building blocks

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01248067 CN2477698Y (en) 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Hollow, water storage and afforest environmental protecting street building blocks

Publications (1)

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CN2477698Y true CN2477698Y (en) 2002-02-20

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CN 01248067 CN2477698Y (en) 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Hollow, water storage and afforest environmental protecting street building blocks

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100417767C (en) 2004-01-12 2008-09-10 谷曰能 Permeable environmental protection ground tile used for outdoor service
WO2012051789A1 (en) * 2010-10-19 2012-04-26 Chen Ruiwen Method for manufacturing geological base course with disaster-preventive and ecological base course
CN104131505A (en) * 2014-06-22 2014-11-05 江苏省兴化中学 Square hollow brick
CN106087632A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-11-09 山东科技大学 Laying brick having water drainage and storage functions based on sponge city construction

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100417767C (en) 2004-01-12 2008-09-10 谷曰能 Permeable environmental protection ground tile used for outdoor service
WO2012051789A1 (en) * 2010-10-19 2012-04-26 Chen Ruiwen Method for manufacturing geological base course with disaster-preventive and ecological base course
CN104131505A (en) * 2014-06-22 2014-11-05 江苏省兴化中学 Square hollow brick
CN104131505B (en) * 2014-06-22 2017-05-10 江苏省兴化中学 One kind of hollow brick plaza
CN106087632A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-11-09 山东科技大学 Laying brick having water drainage and storage functions based on sponge city construction
CN106087632B (en) * 2016-07-04 2018-05-29 山东科技大学 Kind of laying brick row-based sponge urban construction both storage functions

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