CN2424201Y - Biological gasified gas supply set - Google Patents

Biological gasified gas supply set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2424201Y
CN2424201Y CN 99257833 CN99257833U CN2424201Y CN 2424201 Y CN2424201 Y CN 2424201Y CN 99257833 CN99257833 CN 99257833 CN 99257833 U CN99257833 U CN 99257833U CN 2424201 Y CN2424201 Y CN 2424201Y
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China
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pipe
tube
communicating pipe
vapourizing furnace
plate
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CN 99257833
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Chinese (zh)
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邓连友
刘勇
李欣
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邓连友
刘勇
李欣
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to a biotic substance gasifying device, particularly relates to a gasifying and purifying machine group which uses carbonaceous biotic substance as raw material. The utility model is mainly composed of a gasifying furnace, a primary cooler, a dust remover, a vacuum pump, a purifying device and a water sealing device. Compared with a general machine group, the utility model is additionally provided with the primary cooler and the water sealing device. The primary cooler is in casing tube type. The lower end of a straight tube in the water sealing device is provided with a damping plate, and the lower part the outer side of the water sealing device is provided with a liquid level meter. The top of the gasifying furnace top is provided with an explosion preventing tube. An air supplying tube is in adjustable type, and a spiral discharging device is arranged in a charging hopper. A material dropping port is provided with a material baffle plate. A refractory lining in a furnace body is provided with an inverted stair-shaped conical port, and raw material in the furnace body can be heated by a combustible gas chamber. The dust remover is an adjustable spray thrower with a full cross section, and the purifier is a spiral separator.

Description

Biomass gasification burning supply unit
The utility model belongs to a kind of biomass gasification device, and especially relating to a kind of will be that the inflammable gas that raw material is produced is carried after purifying treatment for the biomass gasification burning supply unit that uses with solid biomass such as straw, wood chips.
For improving atmosphere quality, alleviate because the especially pollution that brings of rural area burning straw, various gasifying biomass, treatment unit constantly come into operation.Its gasification of the biomass gasification device of morning, purification apparatus mostly are the independent single equipment of installing, and are furnished with water seal arrangement separately, and connecting tube is long, and resistance is big, and inconvenience is transported, installed.The disclosed application number of Patent Office of the People's Republic of China is that 90210843.3 a kind of " assembling purification type biomass gasification device " and application number are that " the stalk gas water treatment purifies unit " common advantage of 98221809.5 is its compact construction, takes up an area of fewly, is convenient to transportation and installation.But weak point is arranged also: the former gasifies, treating plant is installed in the water seal tank, adds the unreasonable for the treatment of plant, and part tar enters in the water seal tank, causes water, ash and the coexistence of tar one pond, contaminated equipment.And stopping composition is all arranged in washer and the strainer, increased the resistance of gas flow, tar sticks to the surface of strainer stopping composition again, arrives to a certain degree, and combustion gas can not be passed through, and must change stopping composition.The former cools off though the latter has solved preferably, the deficiency for the treatment of plant, and the same with the former, it is inconsiderate that vapourizing furnace, the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN that goes out furnace gas and sewage lagoon are in the easy contaminated equipment in equipment bottom.
The purpose of this utility model just provides a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit that is made of until equipment such as qualified combustion gas outputs combustion gas generation, UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN, cooling, purification.
A kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, form by the vapourizing furnace 1 that has hopper 4, fire hole 6, flame-observing hole 3, fuel chamber 8, tonifying Qi hole 55, refractorily lined 53, thermal insulation layer 52, support 44, holder frame 45, fire grate 46, soil-shifting door c47, connecting rod 48, communicating pipe D56, communicating pipe A11, fly-ash separator 41, vacuum pump 35, cleaner 32, communicating pipe C21, blow-down pipe 23, examination firearm 24, pneumatic tube 27, it is characterized in that:
(1). primary cooler 10 is attached between vapourizing furnace 1 and the fly-ash separator 41 by communicating pipe D56 and communicating pipe A11;
(2). liquid packing 29 is communicated with cleaner 32 by communicating pipe C21, and is between cleaner 32 and the pneumatic tube 27;
(3). vapourizing furnace 1:
The blocking material plate 57 that is provided with the blanking device 5 of spiral plate type in the hopper 4 on a, vapourizing furnace 1 top, handles by hand-operating device 7 is in a side of hopper 4 blanking port bottoms;
B, vapourizing furnace 1 top are provided with the explosion stack 58 that communicates in the body of heater of an end and vapourizing furnace 1;
The end that c, blowdown pipe 2 are in vapourizing furnace 1 top has regulates opening 74, regulate silk cap 73 and twist and be enclosed within its end, and the other end communicates by in the fuel chamber on the vapourizing furnace 18 and the tonifying Qi band 54 that has tonifying Qi hole 55;
Refractorily lined 53 in d, vapourizing furnace 1 burner hearth is inverted steps awl degree of lip-rounding shape;
E, fire grate 46 place in the holder frame 45 that vapourizing furnace 1 hypomere bottom propped up by support 44.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, its feature also is: primary cooler 10 is the sleeve type structure of closed at both ends, outer tube is stretched out at the two ends of interior pipe, the end level of communicating pipe D56 is passed the tube wall of its outer tube and is communicated with perforate on the interior pipe, in the pipe upper end stretch out on the position of outer tube a perforate arranged, the perforate direction that its perforate direction and communicating pipe D56 communicate is opposite and communicate with communicating pipe A11; Length is divided interior pipe volume inside equally from the upper end inner top is vertical less than interior pipe height, dividing plate c42 that width is identical with inner tube diameter; Rising pipe A9, water inlet pipe A43 are separately fixed at the upper and lower of primary cooler 10 outer tube outer walls, and communicate with interlayer between the inner and outer pipe of primary cooler 10.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, its feature also is: four spray thrower A12, B13, C15, D16 that the dividing plate B38 in the fly-ash separator 41 will extend in the fly-ash separator 41 divide two groups to keep apart, make two identical the same sides that are in, be that A12 and B13 are in the same side, C15 and D16 are in opposite side, and spray thrower C15 and D16 that " r " plate A17 that falls will be in the same side again keep apart; Between spray thrower B13 and the spray thrower C15 a connecting pipe B14 is arranged; The first half of upflow tube B37 (band bent-up end) is in the top of fly-ash separator 41 interior lower end shrouding B36.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, feature also is altogether: dividing plate A18 is divided into two the internal space vertical summetry of cleaner 32, make the spiral separator 19 that is connected with vacuum pump 35 be in the side of dividing plate A18, be in the opposite side that cleaner 32 is connected with the dividing plate A18 of communicating pipe C21 and fall " r " plate B20 and strainer 25; The first half of upflow tube A33 (band bent-up end) is in the top of cleaner 32 interior lower end shrouding A34.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, its feature also is: the bottom that joins with communicating pipe C21 by control valve 26, insert the straight tube in the liquid packing 29 is fixed with dash plate 30, and the bottom in liquid packing 29 outsides is provided with a liquidometer 28 with its internal communication.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, its feature also is: blowdown pipe 2 has adjusting opening 74 with the end that adjusting silk cap 73 is connected.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, its feature also is: the top of vapourizing furnace 1 is provided with explosion stack 58, its not with vapourizing furnace 1 body of heater banded one end to the body of heater outer incline, the end is the inclined-plane port, and a removable cover is arranged on the inclined-plane port.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, its feature also is: there are some through holes 59 the dividing plate B38 bottom in the fly-ash separator 41; The bottom of spray thrower A12, B13 is passed the circular hole of the retaining plate 40 that is fixed in the fly-ash separator 41 and is fixed wherein.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, spray thrower A12 in the fly-ash separator 41, B13, C15, the D16 structure is identical, it is characterized in that: be fixed into one at a distance of certain distance by fixed support 65 and the concentric binding of shower A61 between some joint outer tube 63 per two joints, regulating location silk 62 is fixed on interior pipe 64 in the outer tube 63, plug A67 twists and gets lodged in the end opening of foot outer tube 63, the open urceolus A66 of one end will be covered on by the interlocking matrix that fixed support 65 constitutes wherein, and the end of shower A61 passes urceolus A66 shrouding suitable for reading and water-supply pipe 22 joins.
According to above-described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, spiral separator 19 in the cleaner 32, it is characterized in that: the shower B68 that is among the urceolus B71 of lower open mouth is drilled with several irregular spray orifices 70 that sees through tube wall, spiral plate 69 is on the outer wall of the shower B68 that is having spray orifice 70 admittedly, and plug B72 twists and gets lodged in the port of the shower B68 that is in urceolus B71 opening end.
According to above fast a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, its feature also is: examination firearm 25 tries firearm for electrodynamictype.
Accompanying drawing is installed binding, partial monosomy equipment and partial component structural representation for the utility model biomass gasification burning supply unit, wherein:
Fig. 1 installs the connecting structure synoptic diagram for the utility model biomass gasification burning supply unit, wherein:
1--vapourizing furnace 2--blowdown pipe 3--flame-observing hole 4--hopper
5--blanking device 6--fire hole 7--hand-operating device 8--fuel chamber
9--rising pipe A 10--primary cooler 11--communicating pipe A 12--spray thrower A
13--spray thrower B 14--communicating pipe B 15--spray thrower c 16--spray thrower D
17--is " r " plate A 18--dividing plate A 19--spiral separator
20--is " r " plate B 21--communicating pipe C 22--water-supply pipe 23--blow-down pipe
24--examination firearm 5--strainer 26--control valve 27--pneumatic tube
8--liquidometer 29--liquid packing 30--dash plate 31--soil-shifting door A
32--cleaner 33--upflow tube A 34--shrouding A 35--vacuum pump
36--shrouding B 37--upflow tube B 38--dividing plate B 39--soil-shifting door B
40--retaining plate 41--fly-ash separator 42--dividing plate c 43--water inlet pipe A
44--support 45--holder frame 46--fire grate 47--soil-shifting door c
48--connecting rod 49--water jacket 50--water inlet pipe B 51--rising pipe B
52--thermal insulation layer 53--refractorily lined 54--tonifying Qi band 55--tonifying Qi hole
56--communicating pipe D 57--blocking material plate
Fig. 2 overlooks the surface tissue synoptic diagram for vapourizing furnace 1, wherein:
2--blowdown pipe 3--flame-observing hole 4--hopper
5--blanking device 6--fire hole 7--hand-operating device
7--soil-shifting door c 51--rising pipe B 58--explosion stack
Fig. 3 is the backsight surface tissue synoptic diagram of vapourizing furnace 1, wherein:
2--blowdown pipe 4--hopper 7--hand-operating device
47--soil-shifting door c 50--water inlet pipe B 51--rising pipe B
The 58--explosion stack
Fig. 4 is primary cooler 10 plan structure synoptic diagram, wherein:
9--rising pipe A 11--communicating pipe A 42--dividing plate c
3--water inlet pipe A 56--communicating pipe D
Fig. 5 is the backsight structural representation of Fig. 4, wherein:
9--rising pipe A 11--communicating pipe A 42--dividing plate c
43--water inlet pipe A 56--communicating pipe D
Fig. 6's is the right TV structure synoptic diagram of Fig. 5, wherein:
9--rising pipe A 11--communicating pipe A 42--dividing plate c
43--water inlet pipe A 56--communicating pipe D
Fig. 7 is the plan structure synoptic diagram of fly-ash separator 41, wherein:
11--communicating pipe A 12--spray thrower A 13--spray thrower B
14--communicating pipe B 15--spray thrower c 16--spray thrower D
17--is " r " plate A 37--upflow tube B 38--dividing plate B
39--soil-shifting door B
Fig. 8 is the backsight structural representation of fly-ash separator 41, wherein:
11--communicating pipe A 12--spray thrower A 13--spray thrower B
14--communicating pipe B 15--spray thrower c 16--spray thrower D
17--is " r " plate A 36--shrouding B 37--upflow tube B
38--dividing plate B 39--soil-shifting door B 40--retaining plate
Fig. 9 looks (to dividing plate B38) structural representation for the left side of Fig. 8, wherein:
14--communicating pipe B 15--spray thrower c 16--spray thrower D
17--is " r " plate A 36--shrouding B 37--upflow tube B
38--dividing plate B (thick lines are interior welding edge): 39--soil-shifting door B
The 59--through hole
Figure 10 is right TV structure (to the dividing plate B38) synoptic diagram of Fig. 8, wherein:
11--communicating pipe A 12--spray thrower A 13--spray thrower B
14--communicating pipe B 36--shrouding B 38--dividing plate B (thick lines are interior welding edge)
39--soil-shifting door B 40--retaining plate 59--through hole
Figure 11 is cleaner 32 and liquid packing 29 plan structure synoptic diagram, wherein:
18--dividing plate A 19--spiral separator 20--is " r " plate B
21--communicating pipe C 23--blow-down pipe 24--tries firearm
25--strainer 27--pneumatic tube 28--liquidometer
29--liquid packing 30--dash plate 31--soil-shifting door A
32--cleaner 33--upflow tube A 60--blow-off valve
Figure 12 is cleaner 32 and liquid packing 29 backsight structural representations, wherein:
18--dividing plate A 19--spiral separator 20--is " r " plate B
21--communicating pipe C 23--blow-down pipe 24--tries firearm
25--strainer 26--control valve 27--pneumatic tube
28--liquidometer 29--liquid packing 30--dash plate
31--soil-shifting door A 32--cleaner 33--upflow tube A
34--shrouding A
Figure 13 is left TV structure (to the common bond sites) synoptic diagram of liquid packing 29 parts among Figure 12, wherein:
21--communicating pipe C 23--blow-down pipe 24--tries firearm
26--control valve 27--pneumatic tube 28--liquidometer
30--dash plate 31--soil-shifting door A 60--blow-off valve
Figure 14 is right TV structure (to the common bond sites) synoptic diagram of cleaner 32 parts among Figure 12, wherein:
18--dividing plate A 19--spiral separator 20--is " r " plate B
21--communicating pipe C 25--strainer 31--soil-shifting door A
33--upflow tube A 34--shrouding A
Figure 15 is spray thrower A12, B13, C15, D16 structural representation, wherein:
61--shower A 62--regulates location 63--outer tube
Pipe 65--fixed support 66--urceolus A in the 64--
67--plug A
Figure 16 is spiral separator 19 structural representations, wherein:
68--shower B 69--spiral plate 70--spray orifice
71--urceolus B 72--plug B
Figure 17 is a tonifying Qi part upper of furnace body structural representation, wherein:
2--blowdown pipe 73--regulates silk cap 74--and regulates opening
Figure 18 is the left and right TV structure synoptic diagram of blowdown pipe 2 among Figure 17, wherein:
2--blowdown pipe 74--regulates opening
Figure 19 is the plan structure synoptic diagram of Figure 18, wherein:
2--blowdown pipe 74--regulates opening
Figure 20 is a main TV structure synoptic diagram of regulating silk cap 73 among Figure 17;
Figure 21 is the plan structure synoptic diagram of Figure 20;
Figure 22 is the structural representation of looking up of Figure 20;
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the implementation procedure of a kind of biomass gasification burning supply of narration the utility model unit: the utility model mainly is made up of vapourizing furnace 1, primary cooler 10, fly-ash separator 41, vacuum pump 35, cleaner 32, liquid packing 29 and waterworks, now in order relevant devices is narrated respectively:
Vapourizing furnace 1: by sheet material processing, cylinder divides two sections, links by flange.Hypomere is shorter, is double layer jacket structure, and chuck is a water jacket 49.Cylindrical shell is built-in with stretching by inner ring at the bottom of the cylinder under four leg supports 44 of angle bar welding, support 44 4 legs, goes up to the center and shrinks, and connects to four directions mouthful shape with angle bar, puts the holder frame 45 by four sheet material processing of fire grate 46 and fixes on it.The upper and lower proper site of outer homonymy of chuck is respectively opened flatly, is connected to rising pipe B51, water inlet pipe B50 respectively.Water jacket 49 effects have two: the one, and cooling body of heater bottom, the 2nd, utilize body of heater lower gas heat that cold water is added thermal utilization.Fire grate 46 mobilizable parts can be done the upset of certain angle, the combustion ash is discharged to water jacket 49 bodies of heater by fire grate 46 bottom by its connecting rod 48, combustion gas then enters after body of heater bottom water jacket 49 volume inside rise to annulus fuel chamber 8 in vapourizing furnace 1 epimere by fire grate 46, enters the interior pipe of primary cooler 10 through communicating pipe D56.Soil-shifting door C47 is located at the bottom of body of heater hypomere fire grate connecting rod 48 correspondence positions, to remove clan's ash in the furnace bottom.The epimere of vapourizing furnace 1 body of heater is longer, process by the three ply board material, form two-layer jacket structured, the chuck that internal layer and middle layer sheet material constitute is a fuel chamber 8, the chuck that middle layer and outer sheet material constitute is the thermal insulation layer 52 of fill insulant material, the tonifying Qi hole 55 that sees through the body of heater internal layer is in the middle part of body of heater fuel chamber 8, can be staggered, 1-3 row on the irregular ground auger along its internal layer excircle, with the tonifying Qi band 54 of channel-section steel shape with its capping.Blowdown pipe 2 one ends insert in the opening of channel-section steel shape tonifying Qi band 54, and the other end stretches out the loam cake of vapourizing furnace 1.Blowdown pipe can be one, also can be symmetrical arranged two.For regulating air compensation, the end that blowdown pipe 2 stretches out the body of heater outside part has outer silk and vertical adjustment opening 74, and regulating opening 74 can be one, also can be more than one.Regulate silk cap 73 and twist the end that is enclosed within blowdown pipe 2.Regulating opening 74 also can be arranged on the adjusting silk cap 73.Flame-observing hole 3 is located at the top of body of heater epimere.Fire hole 6 is in the top of body of heater.Hopper 4 is a hydraucone funnel type up, its underpart is the square tube shape, and square tube has a bit of stretching in the body of heater, and square tube is suitable for reading to have a support with the hydraucone junction, on it, the belt pulley of blanking device 5 upper ends is by vee-belt and motor pulley binding by bearing fixing for spiral blanking device 5.The square tube correspondence position of pressing close to the body of heater top at hopper 4 bores two identical circular holes, and the round steel two ends that have a blocking material plate 57 are from wherein passing, and it is fixedly connected that an end of hand-operating device 7 and round steel pass an end of hopper 4 square tubes.The width of blocking material plate 57 should be less than the inside casing of hopper 4 square tubes, and length is depressed the corresponding frame that its end, back can exceed square tube slightly with the handle of hand-operating device 7 and is advisable.Blocking material plate 57 has two of effects: the one, and make it constantly live reciprocating cutter by hand-operating device 7 in the reinforced process in order to fuel in the flattening kiln, the 2nd, after fuel is filled it up with the handle of hand-operating device 7 is depressed, rise blocking material plate 57 lower ends, can avoid fuel to continue to fall in the stove.The inwall of body of heater epimere inner bottom part has an annulus supporting plate, the refractorily lined 53 of tapered mouthful of shape of inverted steps is placed on it, for avoiding frequent eruption type blast (causing) when opening fire hole 6 in process of production, a syphon shape explosion stack 58 is set at the body of heater top because of sky revolves phenomenon.Communicate in explosion stack 58 speeches one end and the body of heater, and be in a end outside the body of heater to the body of heater outer incline, its end is an inclined-plane port, and a removable cover is arranged on the inclined-plane port.In the body of heater epimere, lamina rara externa top same position opens a circular hole, to link the fixing communicating pipe D56 that combustion gas is passed through.
Primary cooler 10: primary cooler 10 is actually an interchanger, sleeve type structure for closed at both ends, outer tube is stretched out at the two ends of interior pipe, the middle part that the end level of communicating pipe D56 is passed its outer tube wall communicates with the perforate at interior pipe middle part, in the pipe upper end stretch on the position of outer tube a perforate arranged, its perforate direction with its in the middle part of perforate direction opposite and communicate with communicating pipe A11; Length less than interior pipe height, the width dividing plate C42 identical with inner tube diameter from the upper end inner top with interior pipe volume inside vertical dividing equally; Rising pipe A9, water inlet pipe A43 are separately fixed at the upper and lower of primary cooler 10 outer tube outer walls, and the interlayer between the inner and outer pipe of primary cooler 10 communicates.The hot water that produces in the production process deposits one together with the hot water from vapourizing furnace 1 bottom water jacket 49.A water drain valve should be pacified in the outer tube bottom of primary cooler 10, utilizes during in order to maintenance.
Fly-ash separator 41: fly-ash separator 41 is a cylinder, mainly is to be used to wash the dust that combustion gas carries secretly of coming out of the stove.Dividing plate B38 vertically with fly-ash separator 41 from spaced intermediate, two one components of four spray thrower A12, B13, C15, D16 that extend into are from its upper end wherein opened, make two identical the same sides that are in, be that A12 and B13 are in a side, and C15 and D16 are in opposite side (Fig. 7, Fig. 8), and spray thrower C15 and D16 that " Y " plate A17 that falls will be in the same side again keep apart (Fig. 7, Fig. 8); At spray thrower A12 and this side semicircle spatial middle part arranged transversely one retaining plate 40 of B13, the lower end of spray thrower A12 and B13 is therefrom passed and fixedly connected with it (Fig. 8, Figure 10).Spray thrower B13 is communicated with (Fig. 7, Fig. 8) with spray thrower C15 by communicating pipe B14, there are some through holes 59 lower end of dividing plate B38, so that the spray water of spray thrower A12 and this side of B13 flows out by the upflow tube B37 that is installed in this side from wherein flowing to this side of spray thrower C15 and D16.For neatly, the first half of upflow tube B37 (band bent-up end) is in the top of fly-ash separator 41 interior lower end shrouding B36, flows to circulating water pool from the effusive spray water of the outlet of upflow tube B37 along the ditch of fly-ash separator 41 bottoms; One parallel transverse tube opening is arranged at the bottom of upflow tube B37, with sheet material, screw shutoff, overhauls, opens when removing contamination in this opening production process.Soil-shifting door B39 is installed in the top of fly-ash separator 41 bottom shrouding B36, can respectively pacify one in the side of dividing plate B38, can dividing plate B38 be all can remove contamination in both sides of installation, center also.Communicating pipe A11 one end leads to primary cooler 10, one ends and leads to spray thrower A12; Four spray thrower structures are the same, and just the length difference constitutes (Figure 15) by shower A61, adjusting location silk 62, outer tube 63, interior pipe 64, fixed support 65, urceolus A66 and plug A67.Outer tube 63 some joints, its inside and outside footpath is identical with shower A61, and is separated by a distance between per two joint outer tubes 63, links with shower A61 by fixed support 65 to be fixed into one.Fixed support 65 usefulness round steel are processed.Bore a silk hole through tube wall on every joint outer tube 63, the external diameter of interior pipe 64 is identical with the internal diameter of outer tube 63, after interior pipe 64 inserts in the outer tubes 63, be fixed by the silk hole on the outer tube 63 with regulating location silk 62, when if distance is improper between the pipe 64 in two, can regulate by regulating location silk 62.The end of final section outer tube 63 has internal thread, uses plug A67 with its shutoff, in case spray water therefrom directly flows out.Urceolus A66 is a cylinder, in the actual processing is to be welded in the circular hole of fly-ash separator 41 loam cakes, the port that urceolus A66 is in fly-ash separator 41 outsides is welded with flange plate, in shower A61 does not insert an end actual fixed of pipe 64 one with urceolus A66 end flange sheet sheet material intermediary of a size circular hole in, after inserting the urceolus A66 from plug A67 one end with fixed support 65 banded spray part, fixedly the circular sheet material of shower A61 overlaps with the flange plate of urceolus A66 end, with screw it is fastened as one.At this moment, the plug A67 on the terminal outer tube 63 does not still stretch out the end opening of urceolus A66.The end that shower A61 is in fly-ash separator 41 outsides joins by hand valve and water-supply pipe 22.
Cleaner 32: cleaner 32 is mainly used to handle the tar of carrying secretly in the combustion gas, can be provided with separately, also can vertically be divided into two semicircular cylinders from the drum diameter position with liquid packing 29 usefulness one sheet material.Can be with high, also can be as required the height of liquid packing 29 be reduced.Dividing plate A18 vertically is divided into two the semicircular cylinder of cleaner 32 with it from its radial location, make it to become two 1/4 cylindric, make the spiral separator 19 that links to each other with the escape pipe of vacuum pump 35 be in the side of dividing plate A18, be in the opposite side that cleaner 32 is connected with the dividing plate A18 of communicating pipe C21 and fall " r " plate B20 and screen mesh type strainer 25.There are some through holes the lower end of dividing plate A18, so that the spray water of spiral separator 19 these sides can flow to a side of installing " r " plate B20 and screen mesh type strainer 25, flows out by the upflow tube A33 that is installed in this side.For neatly, the first half of upflow tube A33 (band bent-up end) is in the top of cleaner 32 interior lower end shrouding A34, flow to circulating water pool from the effusive spray water of the water outlet of upflow tube A33 along 32 times gutter ways of cleaner, the structure of upflow tube A33 is identical with upflow tube B37.Soil-shifting door A31 is installed in the top of cleaner 32 bottom shrouding A34, can install one separately in the bottom of cleaner 32, also can establish one altogether for center two covering devices by dividing plate (cleaner 32 is middle set with liquid packing 29).Spiral separator 19 is formed (Figure 16) by shower B68, spiral plate 69, spray orifice 70, urceolus B71 and plug B72, the shower B68 that is among the urceolus B71 of lower open mouth is drilled with several irregular spray orifices 70 that sees through its tube wall, spiral plate 69 is on the outer wall of the shower B68 that is having spray orifice 70 admittedly, the shower B68 that has spray orifice 70 is in the interior end of urceolus B71 and has internal thread, plug B72 screws in wherein, in case spray water is from wherein directly flowing out.The shower A61 of the shower B68 of spiral separator 19 and the binding of urceolus B71 and spray thrower is the same with the method for urceolus A66.The last end distance of dividing plate A18 purifies 32 top boards certain distance, or it is flat or be higher than the shrouding of cleaner 32 in the top board of cleaner 32, no matter above-mentioned which kind of situation, dividing plate A18 top all should be provided with one and be fixed on cleaner 32 top boards and block do not go up end in contact with dividing plate A18, the one, can make combustion gas pass through (because of the bottom water seal) from dividing plate A18 top, the 2nd, be convenient to observe maintenance (Figure 12, Figure 14)." r " plate B20 that falls is between dividing plate A18 and the screen mesh type strainer 25, and itself and the cleaner 32 3 bandings knot that is connected has only the bottom apart from shrouding A34 certain distance to be arranged, and enters screen mesh type strainer 25 in order to combustion gas from the water seal face of its underpart.Screen mesh type strainer 25 places down on the support of " r " plate B20 and screen mesh type strainer 25 residing 1/4 cylinders, and strainer 25 can be a drawer type, and its bottom is a screen cloth, and screen cloth top is equipped with granule adsorbent.Combustion gas by mesh gauze filter 25 enters liquid packing 29 through communicating pipe C21.
Liquid packing 29: liquid packing 29 is established for preventing gas reflux.After the combustion gas of coming out from cleaner 32 enters communicating pipe C21, by blow-off valve 60 through blow-down pipe 23 emptying, open the control valve of examination firearm 24, light examination firearm 24, if gas flame is normal, then open control valve 26, close blow-off valve 60, make qualified combustion gas go into gas holder by pneumatic tube 27 through liquid packing 29.Have one to stretch into pipe in the liquid packing 29 by control valve 26 banded in the liquid packing 29, fix a semi-circular plate apart from pipe lower end certain distance, this semi-circular plate diameter is less than the diameter of semicircular cylinder.The bottom in liquid packing 29 outsides have one with the liquid level meter 28 of its internal communication.A water drain valve is adorned in the bottom of liquid packing 29, so that the blowdown of when maintenance.The centre of communicating pipe C21 is provided with the blow-down pipe 23 by blow-off valve control, the straight tube that communicates with communicating pipe C21 that the control of one usefulness hand valve is arranged on the communicating pipe C21 of blow-down pipe 23 back, examination firearm 24 is equipped with in the straight tube upper end, and for easy to operate, examination firearm 24 can adopt electrodynamictype.
The utility model biomass gasification burning supply unit equipment banded is in proper order: vapourizing furnace 1, primary cooler 10, fly-ash separator 41, vacuum pump 35, cleaner 32, liquid packing 29.The fuel gas flow direction is: combustion gas enters the space of vapourizing furnace 1 hypomere by fire grate 46, enter the interior pipe of primary cooler 10 through communicating pipe D56 by the annular fuel gas chamber 8 in vapourizing furnace 1 epimere internal layer and middle level, suitable for reading in communicating pipe A11 enters spray thrower A12 in the fly-ash separator 41 by the interior pipe of primary cooler 10 again, come out again to enter spray thrower B13 by spray thrower A12 bottom through the combustion gas of spray once from the bottom of spray thrower B13, combustion gas enters spray thrower C15 by communicating pipe B14 and sprays for the third time behind twice spray, combustion gas behind three sprays comes out from the bottom of spray thrower C15 to enter spray thrower D16 from the end opening of spray thrower D16 and carry out spray the 4th time through falling the bottom of " r " plate A17, combustion gas behind four sprays is extracted out in the spiral separator 19 of sending into cleaner 32 by vacuum pump 35 and is carried out the decoking oil treatment, combustion gas after the detar for the first time flows to the lower end of " r " plate B20 through the top of dividing plate A18, again from the bottom rising of " r " plate B20 opposite side, after the detar second time, enter communicating pipe C21 by screen mesh type strainer 25, behind emptying and examination fire, qualified combustion gas enters gas holder through liquid packing 29 by pneumatic tube 27.
The utility model biomass gasification burning supply unit is reasonable in design, compact construction, and easy to operate, waste heat is fully utilized, and has popularization, use value.

Claims (11)

1, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit, form by the vapourizing furnace 1 that has hopper 4, fire hole 6, flame-observing hole 3, fuel chamber 8, tonifying Qi hole 55, refractorily lined 53, thermal insulation layer 52, support 44, holder frame 45, fire grate 46, soil-shifting door c47, connecting rod 48, communicating pipe D56, communicating pipe A11, fly-ash separator 41, vacuum pump 35, cleaner 32, communicating pipe C21, blow-down pipe 23, examination firearm 24, pneumatic tube 27, it is characterized in that:
(1). primary cooler 10 is attached between vapourizing furnace 1 and the fly-ash separator 41 by communicating pipe D56 and communicating pipe A11;
(2). liquid packing 29 is communicated with cleaner 32 by communicating pipe C21, and is between cleaner 32 and the pneumatic tube 27;
(3). vapourizing furnace 1;
The blocking material plate 57 that is provided with the blanking device 5 of spiral plate type in the hopper 4 on a, vapourizing furnace 1 top, handles by hand-operating device 7 is in a side of hopper 4 blanking port bottoms;
B, vapourizing furnace 1 top are provided with the explosion stack 58 that communicates in the body of heater of an end and vapourizing furnace 1;
The end that c, blowdown pipe 2 are in vapourizing furnace 1 top has regulates opening 74, regulate silk cap 73 and twist and be enclosed within its end, and the other end communicates by in the fuel chamber on the vapourizing furnace 18 and the tonifying Qi band 54 that has tonifying Qi hole 55;
Refractorily lined 53 in d, vapourizing furnace 1 burner hearth is inverted steps awl degree of lip-rounding shape;
E, fire grate 46 place in the holder frame 45 that vapourizing furnace 1 hypomere bottom propped up by support 44.
2, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit according to claim 1, its feature also is: primary cooler 10 is the sleeve type structure of closed at both ends, outer tube is stretched out at the two ends of interior pipe, the end level of communicating pipe D56 is passed the tube wall of its outer tube and is communicated with perforate on the interior pipe, in the pipe upper end stretch out on the position of outer tube a perforate arranged, the perforate direction that its perforate direction and communicating pipe D56 communicate is opposite and communicate with communicating pipe A11; Length is divided interior pipe volume inside equally from the upper end inner top is vertical less than interior pipe height, dividing plate c42 that width is identical with inner tube diameter; Rising pipe A9, water inlet pipe A43 are separately fixed at the upper and lower of primary cooler 10 outer tube outer walls, and communicate with interlayer between the inner and outer pipe of primary cooler 10.
3, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit according to claim 1, its feature also is: four spray thrower A12, B13, C15, D16 that the dividing plate B38 in the fly-ash separator 41 will extend in the fly-ash separator 41 divide two groups to keep apart, make two identical the same sides that are in, be that A12 and B13 are in the same side, C15 and D16 are in opposite side, and spray thrower C15 and D16 that " r " plate A17 that falls will be in the same side again keep apart; Between spray thrower B13 and the spray thrower C15 a connecting pipe B14 is arranged; The first half of upflow tube B37 (band bent-up end) is in the top of fly-ash separator 41 interior lower end shrouding B36.
4, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit according to claim 1, feature also is altogether: dividing plate A18 is divided into two the internal space vertical summetry of cleaner 32, make the spiral separator 19 that is connected with vacuum pump 35 be in the side of dividing plate A18, be in the opposite side that cleaner 32 is connected with the dividing plate A18 of communicating pipe C21 and fall " r " plate B20 and strainer 25; The first half of upflow tube A33 (band bent-up end) is in the top of cleaner 32 interior lower end shrouding A34.
5, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit according to claim 1, its feature also is: the bottom that joins with communicating pipe C21 by control valve 26, insert the straight tube in the liquid packing 29 is fixed with dash plate 30, and the bottom in liquid packing 29 outsides is provided with a liquidometer 28 with its internal communication.
6, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit according to claim 1, its feature also is: blowdown pipe 2 has adjusting opening 74 with the end that adjusting silk cap 73 is connected.
7, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit according to claim 1, its feature also is: the top of vapourizing furnace 1 is provided with explosion stack 58, its not with vapourizing furnace 1 body of heater banded one end to the body of heater outer incline, the end is the inclined-plane port, and a removable cover is arranged on the inclined-plane port.
8, according to claim 1 or 3 described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply units, its feature also is: there are some through holes 59 the dividing plate B38 bottom in the fly-ash separator 41; The bottom of spray thrower A12, B13 is passed the circular hole of the retaining plate 40 that is fixed in the fly-ash separator 41 and is fixed wherein.
9, according to claim 1 or 8 described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply units, spray thrower A12 in the fly-ash separator 41, B13, C15, the D16 structure is identical, it is characterized in that: be fixed into one at a distance of certain distance by fixed support 65 and the concentric binding of shower A61 between some joint outer tube 63 per two joints, regulating location silk 62 is fixed on interior pipe 64 in the outer tube 63, plug A67 twists and gets lodged in the end opening of foot outer tube 63, the open urceolus A66 of one end will be covered on by the interlocking matrix that fixed support 65 constitutes wherein, and the end of shower A61 passes urceolus A66 shrouding suitable for reading and water-supply pipe 22 joins.
10, according to claim 1 or 4 described a kind of biomass gasification burning supply units, spiral separator 19 in the cleaner 32, it is characterized in that: the shower B68 that is among the urceolus B71 of lower open mouth is drilled with several irregular spray orifices 70 that sees through tube wall, spiral plate 69 is on the outer wall of the shower B68 that is having spray orifice 70 admittedly, and plug B72 twists and gets lodged in the port of the shower B68 that is in urceolus B71 opening end.
11, a kind of biomass gasification burning supply unit according to claim 1, its feature also is: examination firearm 25 is electrodynamictype examination firearm.
CN 99257833 1999-12-31 1999-12-31 Biological gasified gas supply set Expired - Fee Related CN2424201Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 99257833 CN2424201Y (en) 1999-12-31 1999-12-31 Biological gasified gas supply set

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 99257833 CN2424201Y (en) 1999-12-31 1999-12-31 Biological gasified gas supply set

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CN2424201Y true CN2424201Y (en) 2001-03-21

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CN 99257833 Expired - Fee Related CN2424201Y (en) 1999-12-31 1999-12-31 Biological gasified gas supply set

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100460762C (en) * 2006-12-30 2009-02-11 周松林 Biomass combined type gasification furnace
CN102759110A (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-10-31 李启仁 Harmless purification value added treatment device of garbage
CN110848695A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-02-28 合肥工业大学 Biomass gasification combustor

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100460762C (en) * 2006-12-30 2009-02-11 周松林 Biomass combined type gasification furnace
CN102759110A (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-10-31 李启仁 Harmless purification value added treatment device of garbage
CN102759110B (en) * 2011-04-28 2015-03-04 未名生物环保集团有限公司 Harmless purification value added treatment device of garbage
CN110848695A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-02-28 合肥工业大学 Biomass gasification combustor
CN110848695B (en) * 2019-11-19 2021-11-02 合肥工业大学 Biomass gasification combustor

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