CN2399673Y - Umbrella transmission solar kitchen range - Google Patents

Umbrella transmission solar kitchen range Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2399673Y
CN2399673Y CN99211497U CN99211497U CN2399673Y CN 2399673 Y CN2399673 Y CN 2399673Y CN 99211497 U CN99211497 U CN 99211497U CN 99211497 U CN99211497 U CN 99211497U CN 2399673 Y CN2399673 Y CN 2399673Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sheet
focus
kitchen range
focusing
umbrella shape
Prior art date
Application number
CN99211497U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏利
Original Assignee
魏利
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Publication date
Application filed by 魏利 filed Critical 魏利
Priority to CN99211497U priority Critical patent/CN2399673Y/en
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Publication of CN2399673Y publication Critical patent/CN2399673Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances
    • Y02B40/10Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances relating to domestic cooking
    • Y02B40/18Solar cooking stoves or furnaces
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to an umbrella transmission solar kitchen range, which is composed of an annular step-shaped concave-convex lens and an arced orbit type focus fixing device and can be used for heating for steaming rice, cooking, bathing, calcining, smelting, welding, etc., wherein, a lighting focusing part is made of common transparent material such as glass, organic glass, etc. The utility model adopts a convex-surface annular step-shaped depressed surface design, and a flake of which the thickness is about from 5 mm to 6 mm is provided with a sliding arm on an arced orbit. The outer side of the sliding arm is provided with a supporting arm, and a focusing point is arranged on the supporting arm. So the utility model can be used for directly closing a balcony and a window and providing solar energy. When the utility model is made of plastic, resin, etc., the thickness and the weight can be reduced further. The umbrella transmission solar kitchen range can collect light outdoors and focus to produce heat indoors. Because the focal position is fixed, a heated object does not need moving.

Description

Umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range

The purpose of this utility model provide a kind of have highly effective, environmental protection and energy saving, in light weight, production technology is simple, cheap for manufacturing cost, can move with day during use, and heating object can need not to move, be that focus is fixed, can partly replace plate glass enclosed balcony or window, can be a kind of helioplant----umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range of calcining in city, rural area, pastoral area, army life or production heat supply and the industrial production, welding, smelting heat supply.

Traditional solar energy stove made from the optics focusing principle has two kinds: a kind of is by convex lens, and planoconvex lens, concave and convex lenses constitute; A kind of refractive solar energy kitchen range that is meant.The former is commonly called as " convex lens ", its be fabricated onto can for cook, during the degree of hot water heating because own vol must enlarge, the hundreds of jin even go up very heavyly, thereby unsuitable practical of often weighing have limited its utilization and extention.A kind of refractive solar energy kitchen range in back, because floor space is excessive, the focal position is too high, focus moves with the sun and oppositely moves, thereby also must often move with thermic devices or utensil, being not easy to operation, minute surface is reflective dazzling, can not outdoor daylighting indoor heating etc. reason, also limited its use and popularization.

In order to address these problems, the present invention has designed a kind of light weight, and focus is fixed, and need not to move with thermic devices or utensil, can partly replace the multipurpose umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range of plate glass enclosed balcony, window at outdoor daylighting indoor heating.

Umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range is made up of two major parts: the one, and the daylighting focusing arrangement, we claim that it is to focus on sheet, are the collection and the focusing block of solar energy, also can be used for direct enclosed balcony and window and heat production.(see below and state) the one, the focus fixture acts on the utensil that needs heating regularly in order to guarantee to focus on the heat energy that sheet focuses on, and the latter with after the former is connected, has constituted umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range (see below and state) as support and standing part jointly.

The main body----focusing arrangement of umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range, we claim that it is to focus on sheet, outward appearance is umbrella shape or glide umbrella shape, available simple glass, lucite, plastics, the casting of transparent materials such as resin is made, fixture gets final product with ordinary metallic material, thereby material price is cheap, production technology is simple, can be by medium-sized and small enterprises production, product itself can use adopting when hot for enterprise again, is the thin slice of arc slightly owing to focus on sheet, can replace direct enclosed balcony of glass and window, thereby practical more, and the characteristics of environmental protection and energy saving are arranged, bigger economic potential is arranged.

Focus on sheet and be actually a belt step sample concave-convex lens, profile is the parasols or the umbrella shape of gliding, is core of the present invention that it can form umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range with the focus fixture.Fig. 1,2,3 front, back and profiles for sunshade umbrella shape focusing sheet, Fig. 4,5,6 fronts for glide umbrella shape focusing sheet, back and profile, it is the umbrella shape thin slice transparent body that a usefulness normal transparent material is made, the structure of it and common convex lens, planoconvex spotlight, concave-convex lens is all different, no matter accomplish muchly, its center thickness and edge thickness are relative consistent thin slice.The convex surface that focuses on sheet during making should be smoothly bright and clean, and according to the length of required focal length, make corresponding bending radius, during as the bigger focal length of need, the bending radius that focuses on sheet just should be more greatly, and this moment, convex surface was approaching straight, and the focusing sheet of making is convenient to replace glass to be used for enclosed balcony, window.Focus on the also corresponding increase of daylighting area of sheet simultaneously, the more energy of can gathering.When not needing big focal length, the bending radius of convex surface just should be littler.

The opposite side of convex surface, being one is the multi-ringed step sample depression in the center of circle with the convex surface optical centre.Owing to the making of this ring-shaped step sample concave face, both kept the focusing power of convex surface, alleviated the thickness and the weight of convex lens again, formed the sheet type convex lens.(referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 6) is the ring-shaped step concave-convex lens that we say previously, and----daylighting focusing arrangement of the present invention----focuses on sheet.Its focusing principle is identical with planoconvex spotlight, difference be structure thin, weight saving.As long as make the vertical relation of its convex surface maintenance and the sun, can utilize the solar focusing heat production.The design of this focusing sheet has reached 3 purposes: one has kept the focusing power of convex surface, and two have made thin slice with planoconvex spotlight, and three have alleviated own wt, and these three targets are for condition has been created in the manufacturing and the use of umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range.

Focus on sheet can whole cast or burst make, be assembled in again in the metal framework of circle or rectangle, be contained on the support arm then and get final product.The thickness that focuses on sheet can be designed to 5---6mm when using glass to make, during with materials such as lucite, plastics, resins, can be thinner, and deal is lighter, and is very easy to use.The thickness of ring-shaped step generally accounts for 1/2 of gross thickness, and its width is because the cause of spherical aberration, the center broad, and the edge is narrower.Can calculate making referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 6.Umbrella shape focuses on the size of sheet and the length of focal length, should look the size of institute's calorific requirement and determine with the size in the space that possesses.General window, when balcony is installed this kitchen range,, focus on the sheet arc length and be fabricated between the 2---2.5m for well with the glide umbrella shape, between wide 0 8--1.2m, bending radius is better between 3--4m.As smelting, when calcining or being installed in the big heat of skylight supply, its size all can be adjusted making as need.

Another part of umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range is the focus fixture.Promote for the ease of practicality, just should make the vertical relation that focuses on the frequent maintenance of sheet convex surface and the sun, make the kitchen range top, water heater or other use the thermic devices fixed-site, in order to operation, in order to prevent that heat scatters and disappears, necessary the outdoor luminous energy of gathering of focusing sheet focuses on indoor heat production, and this point is very important at north cold area, has designed the focus fixture for this reason.According to the physical optics principle, when the spherome surface that equates with its focal length at a radius when convex lens slided arbitrarily, the focus of convex lens always was fixed on the heart position, garden of spheroid.Fig. 7, Fig. 8 are its schematic diagram.A, B equate with focusing sheet focal length for the radius that focuses on sheet, arc among the figure.As can be seen, no matter focusing on sheet among the figure still is the B position in the A position, and focus is always at the O point.The focus fixture is exactly around this principle to make, do a radius earlier and focus on the arc track that the sheet focal length equates, it is contained in fixing with support or window, balcony top, refill a movably travelling arm on the track, adorn the support arm of 2 abductions again in the outer side of travelling arm, can be under the external force traction in order to be installed in along the focusing sheet of support arm major axis slip, the bending radius of support arm is identical with the arc track radius, and the garden heart is same.Its length is greater than the width that carries focusing sheet thereon, and the deflection that the focusing sheet can be done about 40 ° is thereon moved.The radius of arc track must equate that length is about the arc length to about 120 ° with child-care center with the focal length that focuses on sheet.The length of travelling arm should be slightly larger than dress two support arm spacings thereon, and two support arm spacings are comparatively suitable to focus on sheet chord length 1/3, and the focus fixture of making like this focuses on sheet and can adjust itself and the relation of the sun at any time, to obtain the angle and the luminous energy of the best.Owing to after adopting this scheme, focus does not move with focusing on sheet simultaneously, but is fixed on the heart position, garden of arc track, thereby the practical operation in very being convenient to live, produce.Can satisfy fully in general daily life and the production with hot needs.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of glide umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range.1. for being contained in travelling arm on the arc track, 2. be arc track, for being contained in the support arm outside the travelling arm, 4. is the track fixing hole 3., 5. is the focusing sheet that is loaded on the support arm.Do not provide mobile travelling arm and the rope and the pulley that focus on sheet among the figure.In general, travelling arm moving in orbit with fixing, can finish with the pulley that is fixed on the track both sides by the rope of tying up at the nearly travelling arm end of support arm, focus on sheet moving on support arm, can finish at rope that focuses on the sheet rail side and the pulley on the track by tying up with fixing.Also available other device that moves that focuses on sheet is finished, but will note keeping sliding rail to equate with focusing on the sheet focal length with the support arm radius, and the focal position is fixed, and is beneficial to practical operation.

In daily productive life, as the heat supply of this kitchen range is installed in garden or factory, arc track can be fixed on the support, and keep suitable height, in order to the various operations of adopting when hot with ground.As this kitchen range is installed on the skylight, then can make has the longest time utilization solar energy in one day.With regard to most of users, need this kitchen range is installed in window or balcony top, can make life convenient like this with heat.In order not make surrounding buildings or house self block this kitchen range daylighting heat supply, utilize light application time every day as far as possible longways, can do following appropriate reconstruction to balcony and window, promptly the closed glass of window or balcony bottom is transform as a kind of counter type and protrude.Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of window bottom glass counter type protrusion and arc track.1. is the arc track of window top among the figure, the 2. counter type window bottom of protruding, and the article of the need of 3. settling in the window of Tu Chuing heating, Figure 11 are the window of counter type protrusion and the side schematic view of this kitchen range.1. for being contained in the focusing sheet on the support arm among the figure, 2. is the window bottom of counter type protrusion, and the O point is this kitchen range focal position, can settle the utensils such as kitchen range that need with heat.By Figure 10, Figure 11 as can be seen, this transformation can utilize solar energy preferably, and the interior space is enlarged to some extent, and can not cause heat to scatter and disappear.Between sunrise sunset, general user's three meals in a day or bathing all can utilize this kitchen range with heat.

Be unwilling to transform the user of balcony window mouth structure or the user of high latitude area for some,, just can reach the purpose of the indoor focusing of outdoor daylighting because the sun and ground angular deflection need be done some to the installation method of this kitchen range and adjust.Its way is the angle that suitably dwindles between support arm and the travelling arm, can make focus move into indoor or balcony.Figure 12 for generally speaking with adjusted focal position schematic diagram.1. is the operating position of focusing sheet generally speaking among the figure, 2. for dwindling the operating position of the focusing sheet behind support arm and the travelling arm angle, 3. be window-glass, 4. being travelling arm, 5. is general situation lower support arm, 6. is adjusted support arm, as can be seen from Figure 12, generally speaking, the focal position is at the O point, and intersection point is moved into by the O point and is positioned at indoor O ' position behind the adjustment support arm.This method have a shortcoming be exactly summer the sun desire when vertical with the ground angle, focus can't form, and has influenced the generation and the utilization of heat.

Another kind moves into indoor method to focus: the off-centre of doing the near partially arc track side in the center of circle focuses on sheet, and support arm and travelling arm angle are suitably dwindled, and it is indoor like this focus to be moved into preferably, also can take into account high latitude area use in summer simultaneously.The eccentric eccentric degree that focuses on sheet, visual different latitude area is adjusted and is made.Best outdoor daylighting, indoor focus method have two kinds: the one, for newly constructed house or be ready user that window and balcony are transformed, can adopt a kind of glass to bind, window or balcony that arc protrudes can increase careat like this, can make full use of the heat supply of this kitchen range again.Bigger as what this convex type balcony or window were done, this kitchen range is directly adorned within it, then use convenient, and influence and the damage that can avoid blowing and bring.The 2nd, the skylight is set, this kitchen range is directly adorned thereon, can utilize solar-heating more fully.

Above-mentioned several method does not influence the closed performance of window, balcony, can not cause heat to scatter and disappear.

When utilize focusing on sheet enclosed balcony and window, only need to focus on sheet two middle side parts in the glide umbrella shape a horizontal crown of roll is installed, and it is contained in the bearing holder (housing, cover) on the steel sash of both sides, focusing on sheet can arbitrarily tilt, to adapt to the heat production with the vertical relation of the sun.This method since focus on sheet can not do by east west with moving day, thereby only can be in daylighting heat supply at noon.In the winter time, when tilting owing to the focusing sheet and the slit of surrounding structure generation causes heat to scatter and disappear.For remedying this defective, can between focusing sheet and other structure, load onto folding plastic film or transparent rubber band, with the sealing slit.

When using umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range, need only when being adjusted to a focusing sheet convex surface with sun vertical relation, can obtain best heat energy.Its adjusting can be finished by aforesaid rope and the pulley tied up, and repeats no more.Just in calorific requirement not or when only needing more weak heat, can regulate focusing on that sheet makes it and the sun produces certain angle of inclination, can not produce heat or only produce weak heat.Therefore say that the heat production usefulness of this device is adjustable within the specific limits.

Dazzling for fear of focus position high light, on glass deposited one deck light green color plastic sheeting that can protrude at counter type or load onto light glass maybe will be put into the inboard heating of light glass screen with hot utensil, though this method can be lost partial heat energy, but influence is little, is suitable for using in family life.

Fixing of sliding wall and support arm can be used the helical form jack, screws in support arm during installation and gets final product.Regulate the method for the two angle, general below jack or the side, preset the diagonal screw-like jack of several respective angles, select use when using for the user.

Claims (3)

1, adopt the umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range of solar-heating, this device is that the umbrella shape made by optically transparent material or glide umbrella shape transmission-type focusing arrangement----focus on sheet and arc track that can fixed-focus, support such as travelling arm and support arm thereof and rotational structure are formed, the opposite side that it is characterized in that focusing on the sheet convex surface be one with convex surface concentric annular table stepwise concave face, become thin slice and focus on sheet, radius with focus on the arc track that the sheet focal length equates on, load onto travelling arm, the crooked shape support arm with the travelling arm angle adjusted of the abduction identical with the arc track radius is loaded onto in the outer side of travelling arm, the focusing sheet that device can move along its major axis on support arm.
2, a kind of umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range according to claim 1, it is characterized by focusing sheet optical centre can overlap with geometric center, also can depart from geometric center, becomes the eccentric sheet that focuses on.
3, a kind of umbrella shape transparent type solar energy kitchen range according to claim 1 is characterized by focusing sheet convex surface and concave surface with the garden heart.
CN99211497U 1999-05-17 1999-05-17 Umbrella transmission solar kitchen range CN2399673Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN99211497U CN2399673Y (en) 1999-05-17 1999-05-17 Umbrella transmission solar kitchen range

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN99211497U CN2399673Y (en) 1999-05-17 1999-05-17 Umbrella transmission solar kitchen range

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CN2399673Y true CN2399673Y (en) 2000-10-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN99211497U CN2399673Y (en) 1999-05-17 1999-05-17 Umbrella transmission solar kitchen range

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102308157A (en) * 2009-02-02 2012-01-04 玻点太阳能有限公司 Concentrating solar power with glasshouses
CN101852499B (en) * 2009-04-01 2012-11-14 张�杰 Disc type focusing device capable of adjusting focusing ratio

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102308157A (en) * 2009-02-02 2012-01-04 玻点太阳能有限公司 Concentrating solar power with glasshouses
CN101852499B (en) * 2009-04-01 2012-11-14 张�杰 Disc type focusing device capable of adjusting focusing ratio

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