CN2340833Y - Wall plastering apparatus - Google Patents

Wall plastering apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2340833Y
CN2340833Y CN 97235958 CN97235958U CN2340833Y CN 2340833 Y CN2340833 Y CN 2340833Y CN 97235958 CN97235958 CN 97235958 CN 97235958 U CN97235958 U CN 97235958U CN 2340833 Y CN2340833 Y CN 2340833Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
plastering
hopper
fork
groups
Prior art date
Application number
CN 97235958
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
殷家图
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殷家图
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Priority to CN 97235958 priority Critical patent/CN2340833Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2340833Y publication Critical patent/CN2340833Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a wall plastering apparatus. The utility model comprises a fixing frame, a sliding frame, a transmission device, and a plastering device, wherein, the fixing frame is composed of a soleplate, a crown plate, and a guide post; the transmission device is composed of a motor, a control valve, an oil pump, a rotating valve, a throttling valve, an oil pipe, two sets of X-shaped plate sets, etc; the plastering device is composed of a lower guideway, a plastering plate seat, a plastering plate, an upper guideway, a hopper, an adjusting plate, a gateplate, etc; the upper part of the lower soleplate is provided with a pulley; the sliding frame can slide up and down along the guide post; an upper oil cylinder and a lower oil cylinder are communicated through the oil pipe; the two sets of X-shaped plate sets are arranged on the lower soleplate of the sliding frame. The utility model which has the advantages of simple operation, low labour intensity, increased work efficiency, and increased wall plastering quality is suitable for the field of building operation.

Description

Wall plastering apparatus
The utility model relates to a kind of building operations with machinery, particularly relates to a kind of indoor and outdoor wall and whitewashes the machinery of usefulness.
At present, along with human living standard's raising, the improvement of housing condition, building trade has obtained fast development, and the amount of whitewashing of indoor and outdoor wall is increasing.But wall plastering is still handwork mostly at present, the operating personnel wants built to climb, plaster can only lean on the operating personnel with hand troweling repeatedly, and drop during powder, this operating type exists that to whitewash efficient low, it is inhomogeneous to whitewash metope, cause the waste of plaster again, the shortcoming that labour intensity is big, for this reason, people improve it, as Chinese patent ZL94246760.4, but because its transmission device is by regulating governor, sprocket wheel, gear, chain, tooth bar, fixed pulley, the action of mechanical parts such as wire rope is controlled the lifting of carriage and is whitewashed device move left and right etc. and whitewash action, because tooth bar can not grind processing, rope sheave, the wire rope equal error is bigger, be prone to the play phenomenon in the lifting process, make the wall that whitewashes the out-of-flatness phenomenon occur, whitewash quality and can not get guaranteeing; Simultaneously because the lifting of carriage is to make it along the tooth bar lifting by affecting of wire rope, certain part wall plastering is not in place need to be mended when whitewashing when occurring, carriage is difficult to arrive just in the decline process needs to replenish the position of whitewashing, cause the subregion to whitewash more or whitewash less, occur the wall surface out-of-flatness equally, make and whitewash quality and can not get guaranteeing.In addition, because this device driving-chain complexity is multistage transmission, error is big, and speed adjustable range is little, and power attenuation is big, and operating efficiency is not high comparatively speaking.
The purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of not only make simple to operation, labour intensity is low, reduce the plaster waste, and can increase work efficiency and wall surface whitewashes the wall plastering apparatus of quality.
The technical solution of the utility model is: the wall plastering apparatus that comprises elevator platform, transmission device and wall plastering device, elevator platform comprises by base plate, top board and two fixed frames that guide pillar constitutes, and fixedly connected the carriage that can slide up and down that constitutes with two groups of junction plates along the guide pillar of fixed frame by upper and lower two sliding base plates, every group of junction plate is made of two junction plates, the guide pillar that passes respectively in two groups of slide openings of two sliding base plate both sides is a polished rod, can stud with anti-wearing liner in two groups of slide openings of two sliding base plate both sides.The bottom of the base plate of fixed frame is provided with some movable wheel car pin.Transmission device has power switch and motor, power switch is connected with lead with motor, motor is arranged on the hydraulic power unit of an activity, connect with clutch between motor and the oil pump, one oil pipe of hydraulic power unit passes through overflow valve successively, shunt behind the pressure meter, be connected with following oil cylinder behind one tunnel process rotary valve, and be provided with choke valve in the oil circuit, another road be diverted in the upper cylinder again after oil circuit on the control valve is communicated with, described motor, power switch, oil pump, overflow valve, pressure meter, rotary valve, choke valve etc., both can be arranged on the base plate of fixed frame, also can constitute one separately, be communicated with following oil cylinder and control valve by oil pipe.Base plate is provided with two groups of fork-shaped plate groups that assemble with supporting shaft, and the fork-shaped plate of upper end contacts with the downslide seat board, the bottom of two groups of fork-shaped plates that contact with base plate is fixed on the base plate by clip respectively, the bottom of these four blocks of fork-shaped plates only can be moved horizontally by the upper surface along base plate in clip, between two groups of fork-shaped plates, be provided with a following oil cylinder on the base plate, and piston rod one end of following oil cylinder is fixedlyed connected with steel plate etc. with a supporting shaft of the centre of two groups of fork-shaped plate group foots, the wall plastering device has hopper and whitewashes plate, and the panel seat that whitewashes that fixedly whitewashes plate, whitewash plate and vertical direction one angle is arranged, lower guideway successively has been fixedly attached respectively on the downslide seat board, upper cylinder, support shaft and control valve, fixedly connected with the panel seat that whitewashes on being placed in lower guideway by support respectively in the two ends of the piston rod of upper cylinder, guide's valve shaft of control valve and shift fork flexibly connect, shift fork places the upper end of support shaft, and shift fork can be done the plane rotation around support shaft, the medial surface that whitewashes panel seat is provided with two buting iron, two blocks of shelves iron lay respectively at the both sides of the movable end of shift fork, and when whitewashing panel seat and move, can contact with the movable end of shift fork, the top of whitewashing panel seat is provided with upper rail, fixedly connected with junction plate respectively in the two ends of upper rail, hopper can be by a panel material brake forming, also can be formed by fixedly connecting by hopper side plate and hopper base plate, the side plate of hopper is fixedlyed connected with junction plate, the export mouth place of hopper lower end is provided with adjustable plate and flashboard, adjustable plate and hopper base plate flexibly connect, and flashboard is arranged in the export mouth place and is used to control the hopper plaster and slides downwards.
Technique effect of the present utility model is: 1. simple to operation, labor intensity of operating staff is low.When adopting this device to carry out wall plastering, before only need move on to the foot of a wall with this machine, adjust certain distance; Add plaster earlier, open the electric electromechanics source switch then, at this moment under the effect of hydraulic oil, the piston rod of upper cylinder and the shift fork of control valve just can be controlled and whitewash panel seat and make move left and right, yet open the flashboard at hopper export mouth place, plaster slides downwards, guiding through adjustable plate, go downwards to and whitewash plate and between the walls, along with the move left and right of whitewashing panel seat, whitewash plate and just plaster can be whitewashed on the wall, when whitewashing plate at plastering wall, under the effect of rotary valve, move up at leisure, finish whitewashing of a station metope from face.When whitewashing the wall top, close flashboard, the conversion rotary valve makes and whitewashes plate and drop to the foot of a wall, and moving frame repeats aforementioned process behind station of conversion again.Whitewash in the process aforementioned, the rate of climb can be controlled by regulating choke valve, whitewashes the big I of whitewashing pressure between plate and wall and controls by regulating overflow valve.Only need operating personnel to press several switches down when this shows this machine of employing plastering wall and just can finish the work of whitewashing, simple to operation, labor intensity of operating staff is low.2. reduced the plaster waste.By the aforesaid operations process as can be known, in the wall plastering process, owing to whitewash plate and vertical direction has angle, can store plaster, the plaster in the hopper can not drain on the floor, can not cause waste.3. high efficiency.Because this machine adopts hydraulic drive but not machine driving, loss power is little in transmission process, and the transmission efficiency height is compared with the machine driving multi-change speed comparatively speaking, and its efficient will obviously improve, and whitewashes the operating efficiency raising thereby make.4. can improve wall surface and whitewash quality.Because this machine adopts hydraulic drive but not machine driving, what lifting process adopted is infinitely variable speeds, therefore whitewash when carriage rises or descends in the process and the play phenomenon can not occur, thereby make the wall surface that whitewashes the out-of-flatness phenomenon can not occur, compare with machine driving, make and whitewash quality and be improved; On the other hand, owing to the lifting of carriage is not to make it along the tooth bar lifting by affecting of wire rope, but the hydraulic oil that utilizes hydraulic pump to supply with is passed to down cylinder action, the promotion carriage rises thereby the supporting shaft that makes down the piston rod drive fork-shaped plate group on the oil cylinder rises, what implement is hydraulic stepless speed change, replenish when whitewashing when certain part wall plastering need not in place occurring, carriage can freely drop to needs to replenish the position of whitewashing, the phenomenon that can cause the subregion to whitewash more or whitewash less not, thereby avoided wall surface out-of-flatness to occur, comparatively speaking, the wall plastering quality is improved.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a lateral view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a vertical view of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is that C among Fig. 2 is to schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is an A-A generalized section among Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a hydraulic schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Wall plastering apparatus shown in Fig. 1~5, comprise by base plate (2), the fixed frame that top board (18) and two guide pillars (17) constitute, and by last, following two sliding base plates (5) and (15) and two groups of junction plates (11) are fixedlyed connected the carriage that can slide up and down along the guide pillar (17) of fixed frame of formation with (12), every group of junction plate (11) and (12) are made up of two junction plates, passing two groups of slide openings (6) of two sliding base plates (5) and (15) both sides and the guide pillar (17) in (16) respectively is polished rod, can also stud with anti-wearing liner (43) in two groups of slide openings (6) of two sliding base plates (5) and (15) both sides and (16), lower guideway (7) successively has been fixedly attached respectively on the downslide seat board (5), upper cylinder (10), support shaft (27) and control valve (28), fixedly connected with the panel seat (8) that whitewashes on being placed in lower guideway (7) by support (20) respectively in the two ends of the piston rod (21) of upper cylinder (10), guide's valve shaft (34) of control valve (28) flexibly connects with shift fork (29), shift fork (29) places the upper end of support shaft (27), and shift fork (29) can be done the plane rotation around support shaft (27), whitewash panel seat (8) medial surface and be provided with two blocks of shelves iron (19), two blocks of shelves iron (19) lay respectively at the both sides of the movable end of shift fork (29), and can contact with the movable end of shift fork (29) when mobile when whitewashing panel seat (8), the top of whitewashing panel seat (8) is provided with upper rail (9), fixedly connected with junction plate (11) respectively in the two ends of upper rail (9), as Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 5, base plate (2) is provided with two groups of fork-shaped plates (4) group that assembles with supporting shaft (22), and the fork-shaped plate (4) of upper end contacts with downslide seat board (5), the bottom of the two groups of fork-shaped plates (4) that contact with base plate (2) is fixed on the base plate (2) by clip (23) respectively, the bottom of these four blocks of fork-shaped plates (4) only can be moved horizontally along base plate (2) upper surface in clip (23), be provided with a following oil cylinder (3) between the last two groups of fork-shaped plates of base plate (2) (4) group, and piston rod (24) one ends of following oil cylinder (3) are fixedlyed connected with steel plate (26) with a supporting shaft (25) of the centre of two groups of fork-shaped plates (4) group foot, power switch is connected with lead with motor (36), as shown in Figure 6, motor (36) is arranged on the hydraulic power unit (42) of an activity, be connected with clutch between motor (36) and the oil pump (37), be provided with filter screen (35) in the hydraulic power unit (42), one oil pipe of hydraulic power unit (42) passes through overflow valve (38) successively, the shunting of pressure meter (39) back, one the tunnel through being connected with following oil cylinder (3) behind the rotary valve (41), and be provided with choke valve (40) in the oil circuit, another road be diverted to again in the upper cylinder (10) after oil circuit on the control valve (28) is communicated with, described motor (36), power switch, oil pump (37), overflow valve (38), pressure meter (39), rotary valve (41), choke valve (40) etc. both can be arranged on the base plate (2) of fixed frame, was communicated with following oil cylinder (3) and control valve (28) by oil pipe after also can constituting one separately.Whitewashing plate (33) is fixed on and whitewashes on the panel seat (8), and whitewash plate (33) and one angle is arranged with vertical direction, the side plate (14) of hopper (13) is fixedlyed connected with junction plate (11), the export mouth place of hopper (13) lower end is provided with adjustable plate (32) and flashboard (31), adjustable plate (32) and hopper base plate (30) flexibly connect, and flashboard (31) is arranged in the export mouth place and is used to control the hopper plaster and slides downwards.Described hopper (13) can be by a sheet material bending and molding, also can be formed by fixedly connecting by hopper side plate (14) and hopper base plate (30).The base plate of fixed frame (2) bottom is provided with some movable wheel car pin (1).
Operating principle of the present utility model is: start power switch and make motor drives oil pump (37) work, pressure oil is transported in the hydraulic system through oil pipe, hydraulic oil flow is in upper cylinder (10), make piston rod (21) drive in the upper cylinder (10) whitewash panel seat (8) action, because the effect of shelves iron (19) and shift fork (29), make to whitewash and move back and forth about panel seat (8) is done, when the needs plastering wall, only this device need be moved to and treat the plastering wall root, make and whitewash plate (33) and between the walls and keep suitable distance, open the flashboard (31) at the export mouth place of the hopper (13) that plaster is housed, make to slide to wall under the plaster and whitewash between the plate (33), under the effect of whitewashing plate (33), be compacted to whitewash on the metope and go, according to the difference of plaster, when needing to adjust certain thickness, only need to regulate overflow valve (38) and get final product.When rising, the need carriage makes when whitewashing plate (33) work, only need open the up switch of rotary valve, partial pressure oil can flow to down in the oil cylinder (3), make down the piston rod (24) in the oil cylinder (3) drive supporting shaft (25) rising that fork-shaped plate (4) is organized, rise thereby promote carriage, just can make and whitewash plate (33) rising and whitewashed work.When whitewashing the metope top, the flashboard (31) that one side is closed hopper (13), plaster is no longer fallen down, on the other hand, rotate the rotary valve downing switch, it is descending that following oil cylinder (3) makes fork-shaped plate (4) group drive carriage under the hydraulic oil acting in opposition, when whitewashing plate (33) and be positioned at the wall root, the rotary valve switch placed " 0 " position, mobile then fixed frame repeats last operation to another station, can the wall of next station be whitewashed.
Oil pump (37) is input to pressure oil in the hydraulic system, this pressure mainly be promote two oil cylinders do respectively elevating movement and about move back and forth, elevating movement is by manually control of rotary valve (being two-direction switch), control rising or falling speed by adjusting choke valve (40), control valve (28) be by guide's valve shaft (34) come controlling party to, when driving, upper cylinder (10) whitewashes plate (33) when running to left end, shift fork (29) bumps against on the shelves iron (19) that whitewash on the panel seat (8), make guide's valve shaft (34) commutation, control valve (28) is reverse, when driving, upper cylinder (10) whitewashes panel seat (8) when moving to right-hand member, shift fork (29) bumps against another grade iron (19) that whitewashes on the panel seat (8), guide's valve shaft (34) is commutated again, control valve (28) is reverse, so constantly adjust direction, make and whitewash panel seat (8) and drive and to move back and forth about whitewashing plate (33) and carrying out, thereby finish the work of whitewashing of plaster.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of wall plastering apparatus, comprise elevator platform, transmission device and wall plastering device three parts, elevator platform comprises by base plate (2), the fixed frame that top board (18) and two guide pillars (17) constitute, and by last, following two sliding base plates (15) and (5) and two groups of junction plates (11) are fixedlyed connected the carriage that can slide up and down along the guide pillar (17) of fixed frame of formation with (12), every group of junction plate (11) and (12) are made of two junction plates, the base plate of fixed frame (2) bottom is provided with some movable wheel car pin (1), transmission device has power switch and motor (36), the wall plastering device has hopper (13), that whitewashes plate (33) and fixedly whitewash plate (33) whitewashes panel seat (8), whitewash plate (33) and one angle is arranged with vertical direction, it is characterized in that: passing two groups of slide openings (6) of two sliding base plates (15) and (5) both sides and the guide pillar (17) in (16) respectively is polished rod, lower guideway (7) successively has been fixedly attached respectively on the downslide seat board (5), upper cylinder (10), support shaft (27) and control valve (28), fixedly connected with the panel seat (8) that whitewashes on being placed in lower guideway (7) by support (20) respectively in the two ends of the piston rod (21) of upper cylinder (10), guide's valve shaft (34) of control valve (28) flexibly connects with shift fork (29), shift fork (29) places the upper end of support shaft (27), and shift fork (29) can be done the plane rotation around support shaft (27), whitewash panel seat (8) medial surface and be provided with two buting iron (19), two buting iron (19) lay respectively at the both sides of the movable end of shift fork (29), and can contact with the movable end of shift fork (29) when mobile when whitewashing panel seat (8), the top of whitewashing panel seat (8) is provided with upper rail (9), fixedlys connected with junction plate (11) respectively in the two ends of upper rail (9); Base plate (2) is provided with two groups of fork-shaped plates (4) group that assembles with supporting shaft (22), and the fork-shaped plate (4) of upper end contacts with downslide seat board (5), two groups of fork-shaped plates (4) bottom that contacts with base plate (2) is fixed on the base plate (2) by clip (23) respectively, the bottom of these four blocks of fork-shaped plates (4) only can be moved in clip (23), also be provided with a following oil cylinder (3) between the last two groups of fork-shaped plates of base plate (2) (4) group, and piston rod (24) one ends of following oil cylinder (3) are fixedlyed connected with steel plate (26) etc. with a supporting shaft (25) of the centre of two groups of fork-shaped plate groups (4) foot, power switch is connected with lead with motor (36), motor (36) is arranged on the hydraulic power unit (42) of an activity, be connected with clutch between motor (36) and the oil pump (37), one oil pipe of hydraulic power unit (42) passes through overflow valve (38) successively, the shunting of pressure meter (39) back, one the tunnel through being connected with following oil cylinder (3) behind the rotary valve (41), and be provided with choke valve (40) in the oil circuit, another road be diverted to again in the upper cylinder (10) after oil circuit on the control valve (28) is communicated with, the side plate (14) of hopper (13) is fixedlyed connected with junction plate (12), the export mouth place of hopper (13) lower end is provided with adjustable plate (32) and flashboard (31), adjustable plate (32) and hopper base plate (30) flexibly connect, and flashboard (31) is arranged in the export mouth place and is used to control hopper (13) plaster and slides downwards.
2, wall plastering apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: stud with anti-wearing liner (43) in two groups of slide openings (6) of described two sliding base plates (5) and (15) both sides and (16).
3, according to claim 1 and 2 described wall plastering apparatus, it is characterized in that: described hopper (1 3) can also can be formed by fixedly connecting by hopper side plate (14) and hopper base plate (30) by a sheet material bending and molding.
4, according to claim 1 or 3 described wall plastering apparatus, it is characterized in that: described motor (36), power switch, oil pump (37), overflow valve (38), pressure meter (39), rotary valve (41), choke valve (40) etc. can be arranged on the base plate (2) of fixed frame, is communicated with following oil cylinder (3) and control valve (28) by oil pipe after also can constituting one separately.
CN 97235958 1997-05-04 1997-05-04 Wall plastering apparatus CN2340833Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 97235958 CN2340833Y (en) 1997-05-04 1997-05-04 Wall plastering apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 97235958 CN2340833Y (en) 1997-05-04 1997-05-04 Wall plastering apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2340833Y true CN2340833Y (en) 1999-09-29

Family

ID=33946942

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 97235958 CN2340833Y (en) 1997-05-04 1997-05-04 Wall plastering apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2340833Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101824902A (en) * 2009-03-05 2010-09-08 张旸斌 Plastering machine
CN102011482A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-13 何干清 Full-automatic multifunctional wall plastering machine
CN1966909B (en) * 2006-10-24 2011-06-08 卢济桴 Wall plastering apparatus
CN107938909A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-04-20 王宏亮 A kind of mildew proof care device for indoor ceiling

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1966909B (en) * 2006-10-24 2011-06-08 卢济桴 Wall plastering apparatus
CN101824902A (en) * 2009-03-05 2010-09-08 张旸斌 Plastering machine
CN102011482A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-13 何干清 Full-automatic multifunctional wall plastering machine
CN107938909A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-04-20 王宏亮 A kind of mildew proof care device for indoor ceiling

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