CN2336561Y - Maize peeling and shelling machine - Google Patents

Maize peeling and shelling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2336561Y
CN2336561Y CN 98220653 CN98220653U CN2336561Y CN 2336561 Y CN2336561 Y CN 2336561Y CN 98220653 CN98220653 CN 98220653 CN 98220653 U CN98220653 U CN 98220653U CN 2336561 Y CN2336561 Y CN 2336561Y
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China
Prior art keywords
peeling
millimeters
ear
procedure
separating
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 98220653
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴建林
郭明涛
李福俊
张璋
张楠科
董义兴
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吴建林
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Priority to CN 98220653 priority Critical patent/CN2336561Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2336561Y publication Critical patent/CN2336561Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A maize peeling and shelling machine is a maize harvester belonging to the technical field of agricultural machinery, which is composed of a frame, a peeling mechanism, an ear conveyer, a threshing mechanism and a transmission mechanism and is equipped with an ear flap, a guiding flap and a protective rib. Especially, one roller of the peeling roller group of the peeling mechanism is a smooth roller, and the upper part of the other roller is provided with a peeling roller cover which is provided with a spiral groove. Consequently, the maize peeling and shelling machine provides a maize harvester which can peel bracteal leaves of maize ears and remove seeds of maize ears, etc. at the same time. The utility model has the advantages of high peeling and cleaning rate, low breaking rate, simple structure, convenient operation, and the provided technical proposal can also be used for the peeling mechanism of a corn combine harvester.

Description

Husker sheller
The utility model belongs to agricultural mechanical field, relates to corn harvesting machine, particularly a kind ofly can divest the husker sheller that the corn ear bract can be taken off the multiple operation of corn ear seed again, and it can also be applied to corn combine.
Present harvest corn operation, mostly be will results corn ear, manually divest behind the fruit ear bract again with artificial or thresher and take off corn kernel on the corn ear, efficiency is low, intensity is big, gathers in the crops untimely.Existing corn combine, what have is equipped with the peeling procedure that divests the corn ear bract, the shortcoming that have complex structure, cost an arm and a leg, power consumption is big, operating cost is high and the bract walnut hulling rate is low, the seed breakage rate is high.Tentatively overcome above-mentioned shortcoming though formerly propose the Chinese patent application of patent application and number be the corn ear debarker of 97233945.0 documents record, threshing operations still needs to use in addition thresher or artificial.
The purpose of this utility model is further to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, provide a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, use divested corn ear bract easy to maintenance and take off the husker sheller of the multiple operation of corn ear seed.
The utility model is made up of frame, peeling procedure, ear forwarder, separating mechanism and transmission mechanism.Peeling procedure of the present utility model and separating mechanism are installed on the same frame, and to connect by ear forwarder be a compound operation machine that can divest the corn ear bract and take off the corn ear seed, and outer cover is equipped with in the outside.The transmission of power that transmission mechanism then provides motive power such as electromotor, internal combustion engine, tractor and agricultural vehicle etc. is to each rotatable parts.Peeling procedure of the present utility model is made of the peeling rollers assembly in groups more than a group, every group of peeling rollers assembly is made up of two rollers, one of them is a smooth roll, the peeling roller shell that has along the equally distributed helical groove of circumference axially is housed on the peeling roll shaft of another peeling rollers, and block plate is equipped with at two ends.The peeling roller shell is a cylindrical sleeves, thickness be 15 millimeters to 100 millimeters, make with wear resistant elastic material.Have helical groove on the peeling roller shell excircle and evenly distribute, have the helical spline that matches with the peeling roll shaft on the inner hole surface along circumference.The helical groove helical pitch of peeling roller shell is 600 millimeters to 1000 millimeters, and the degree of depth is 3 millimeters to 25 millimeters, and the arc length on the circumference is 10 millimeters to 40 millimeters.It is also opposite that each peeling rollers direction of rotation that the utility model peeling procedure is adjacent, corresponding peeling rollers put the helical groove rotation direction that has.The peeling rollers group of peeling procedure top is provided with rib pads, is contained in respectively between peeling procedure both sides and adjacent two smooth rolls and adjacent two tops of being equipped with between the peeling rollers of peeling roller shell, and the gap is 5 millimeters to 15 millimeters between rib pads and the peeling procedure moving component.Feeding hopper is equipped with in hood of the present utility model top; away from the hood below the feeding hopper of separating mechanism one side the fruit ear plate washer being housed; this fruit ear baffle plate tilts to become 5 ° to 20 ° inclination angles with vertical guide to the fruit ear direction of motion, and the gap between fruit ear plate washer and the peeling procedure moving component is 5 millimeters to 20 millimeters.Be provided with ear forwarder between peeling procedure of the present utility model and the separating mechanism, interior the exporting between the import of separating mechanism corn ear from the peeling procedure corn ear of ear forwarder is equipped with deflector apron.
During work, the corn ear of the band bract that enters from the utility model feeding hopper because the guiding of fruit ear baffle plate and rib pads, drops on the peeling rollers of one group of peeling rollers group of peeling procedure.Two peeling rollers of this group are done the rotation that angular speed numerical value is identical and direction is opposite; under the effect of helical groove; divest the corn ear bract; bract is discharged from the peeling rollers below; the corn ear that divests bract simultaneously moves to the peeling procedure outlet and enters ear forwarder; by deflector apron corn ear is caused separating mechanism, separate discharge with corncob after deviating from corn kernel.Thereby finished task of the present utility model.
Peeling procedure of the present utility model also can be used for the peeling procedure of corn combine.
The utility model is compared with the peeling procedure of existing corn husker or corn combine, have bract walnut hulling rate height, seed loss less, simple in structure, low cost of manufacture, maintenance is easy to use and can once finish the multiple operation that divests the corn ear bract and take off the fruit ear seed.
Accompanying drawing 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing 2 is peeling procedure generalized sections of the present utility model.
Be described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing with as the four roller husker shellers of embodiment:
The peeling procedure of the disclosed husker sheller of the utility model [7], separating mechanism [1], ear forwarder [4] and transmission mechanism [11] are installed on the same frame [12], and outer cover hood [8].Hood [8] is provided with feeding hopper [9], in the hood [8] away from the below of the feeding hopper [9] of separating mechanism [1] one side, tilts to be equipped with fruit ear baffle plate [10] to the fruit ear direction of motion.The fruit ear baffle plate [10] of present embodiment becomes 10 ° of inclination angles with vertical guide, 10 millimeters in the gap between this fruit ear plate washer [10] and peeling procedure [7] moving component.Deflector apron [3] is located in the ear forwarder [4] between peeling procedure of the present utility model [7] and the separating mechanism [1]; the deflector apron of present embodiment [3] is installed on the frame [12], accepts the corn ear import [2] that is transported to separating mechanism [1] from the corn ear and the guiding of peeling procedure [7] corn ear outlet [5] output.The frame [12] of present embodiment peeling procedure [7] below tilts bract guide plate [13] is housed.The frame of present embodiment [12] is welded by angle steel, and frame [12] upper horizontal is installed peeling procedure [7], and a side of frame [12] is equipped with separating mechanism [1] opposite side the power input pulley of transmission mechanism [11] is housed.The peeling procedure of present embodiment [7] is made of two peeling rollers groups, horizontal parallel is arranged, two smooth rolls [21] and [22] are interior, two peeling rollers that the peeling roller shell [20] have different rotation direction helical grooves and [23] are installed respectively are in the outside, have helical groove [17] and [26] on peeling roller shell [20] and [23] excircle, the helical groove [17] that peeling roller shell [20] and [23] are opened and the helical pitch of [26] are 900 millimeters, the degree of depth is 10 millimeters, arc length on the circumference is 20 millimeters, helical groove [17] is opposite with the rotation direction of [26], promptly one left-handed, a dextrorotation.A plurality of thickness are that 30 millimeters peeling roller shell [20] or [23] axially are installed in peeling roll shaft [19] and [24] continuously and go up and connect by key [18] or [25], and axial restraint is carried out by block plate [6] in two ends.The peeling roller shell [20] of present embodiment and [23] are with wear-resisting hard rubber manufacturing.Make with angle steel the rib pads of present embodiment [14], [15], [16], be installed between two bachelors [21] and [22] and the top of peeling procedure [7] both sides by the supporting that is located on peeling procedure [7] the two ends frames [12], rib pads [14], [15], [16] are 10 millimeters with the gap of peeling rollers.

Claims (5)

1, husker sheller is made up of frame [12], peeling procedure [7], separating mechanism [1] and transmission mechanism [11]; peeling procedure [7] and separating mechanism [1] are installed on the same frame [12]; and by ear forwarder [4] connection, hood is equipped with in the outside, it is characterized in that:
A, peeling procedure [7] are made of the peeling rollers assembly more than a group, every group of peeling rollers assembly is made up of two peeling rollers, one of them is smooth roll [21] or [22], peeling roller shell [20] or [23] that have helical groove [17] or [26] axially are housed on the peeling roll shaft [19] of another peeling rollers or [24], and shelves dishes [6] are equipped with at two ends; Said peeling roller shell [20] or [23] are cylindrical sleeves, have helical groove [17] or [26] on the excircle and evenly distribute along circumference, have the helical spline that matches with peeling roll shaft [19] or [24] on the inner hole surface; Each adjacent peeling rollers direction of rotation, the rotation direction that has helical groove on corresponding peeling roller shell [20] and [23] is also opposite;
B, peeling rollers group top is provided with rib pads [14], [15], [16], is contained in respectively between peeling procedure [7] both sides and adjacent two bachelors [21] and [22] and adjacent two is equipped with between the roller roller of peeling roller shell;
In C, the hood [8] fruit ear baffle plate [10] is housed away from the feeding hopper [9] of separating mechanism [1] one side below;
To separating mechanism [1] the corn ear import [2] deflector apron [3] is housed from peeling procedure [7] corn ear outlet [5] in D, the ear forwarder [4].
2, husker sheller according to claim 1 is characterized in that said peeling roller shell [20] or [23] use the wear resistant elastic material manufacturing, and thickness is 15 millimeters to 100 millimeters.
3, husker sheller according to claim 1; it is characterized in that having helical groove [17] on said peeling roller shell [20] or [23] outer circumference surface or [26] helical pitch is 600 millimeters to 1000 millimeters; the degree of depth is 3 millimeters to 25 millimeters, and the arc length on the circumference is 10 millimeters to 40 millimeters.
4, husker sheller according to claim 1, the gap between rib pads [14], [15], [16] and peeling procedure [7] moving component that it is characterized in that being provided with above the said peeling rollers group is 5 millimeters to 15 millimeters.
5, husker sheller according to claim 1; it is characterized in that said fruit ear baffle plate [10] tilts to install to the fruit ear direction of motion; and becoming 5 degree to 20 degree inclination angles with vertical guide, the gap between fruit ear baffle plate [10] and separating mechanism [7] moving component is 5 millimeters to 20 millimeters.
CN 98220653 1998-04-02 1998-04-02 Maize peeling and shelling machine Expired - Fee Related CN2336561Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 98220653 CN2336561Y (en) 1998-04-02 1998-04-02 Maize peeling and shelling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 98220653 CN2336561Y (en) 1998-04-02 1998-04-02 Maize peeling and shelling machine

Publications (1)

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CN2336561Y true CN2336561Y (en) 1999-09-08

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CN 98220653 Expired - Fee Related CN2336561Y (en) 1998-04-02 1998-04-02 Maize peeling and shelling machine

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CN (1) CN2336561Y (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869021A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-10-27 山西信联集团实业有限公司 Corn ear uniform mechanism of peeler of corn harvester
CN102577767A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-18 张春平 Lifting corn kernel harvester
CN103688683A (en) * 2013-07-18 2014-04-02 吴江市黎里建兴铸件厂 Corn sheller
CN103878845A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-06-25 四川省丝绸科学研究院 Mulberry twig bark and core stripping machine
CN104756681A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-08 李静 Water weed mashing shaft
CN108617277A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-09 芜湖拓云农业技术有限公司 A kind of edible powdered production agricultural machinery
CN111820014A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-27 河南科技大学 Longitudinal axial flow grain soft-tearing threshing roller

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869021A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-10-27 山西信联集团实业有限公司 Corn ear uniform mechanism of peeler of corn harvester
CN102577767A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-18 张春平 Lifting corn kernel harvester
CN103688683A (en) * 2013-07-18 2014-04-02 吴江市黎里建兴铸件厂 Corn sheller
CN103878845A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-06-25 四川省丝绸科学研究院 Mulberry twig bark and core stripping machine
CN103878845B (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-07-22 四川省丝绸科学研究院 Mulberry twig bark and core stripping machine
CN104756681A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-08 李静 Water weed mashing shaft
CN108617277A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-09 芜湖拓云农业技术有限公司 A kind of edible powdered production agricultural machinery
CN111820014A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-27 河南科技大学 Longitudinal axial flow grain soft-tearing threshing roller

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee