CN2243163Y - Horizentally reciprocal multifunctional seeding and fertilizing machine - Google Patents

Horizentally reciprocal multifunctional seeding and fertilizing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2243163Y
CN2243163Y CN 95226993 CN95226993U CN2243163Y CN 2243163 Y CN2243163 Y CN 2243163Y CN 95226993 CN95226993 CN 95226993 CN 95226993 U CN95226993 U CN 95226993U CN 2243163 Y CN2243163 Y CN 2243163Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
seeding
seed
plate
board
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 95226993
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Chinese (zh)
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张学文
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张学文
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Priority to CN 95226993 priority Critical patent/CN2243163Y/en
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Publication of CN2243163Y publication Critical patent/CN2243163Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a horizontally reciprocal multifunctional seeding and fertilizing machine. The utility model has the technical proposal that a land wheel is connected with an eccentric draw rod which is connected with a seed fertilizer board draw rod by a swinging rod. The seed fertilizer board draw rod is connected with a seed-discharging board and a fertilizer-discharging board with holes for the seed-discharging and fertilizer-discharging at the bottom of a seed fertilizer box, and the lower parts of the seed-discharging board and the fertilizer-discharging board are respectively provided with backplanes. The machine realizes the synchronous proceeding for seeding and fertilizer application, namely, can carry out bunch planting and drill seeding, and moreover, the machine can adjust the seed fertilizer displacement. Simultaneously, the machine has the advantages of single row work, a plurality of rows of seeding together, strong adaptability, low cost, labor saving, low expense and reliable performance, and the utility model is an ideal implement for seeding and fertilizer application for countryside.

Description

The dual-purpose machine of horizontal reciprocative multi-function seeding and fertilizing
The utility model belongs to a kind of seeding and fertilizer spreading machine, belongs to the dual-purpose machine of a kind of horizontal reciprocative multi-function seeding and fertilizing specifically.
At present, the seeding and fertilizer spreading machine kind of China is a lot: spread types such as slotting, drilling, bunch planting, its principle all is air-sucking type or centrifugal two kinds.The pneumatic seeder precision is higher, especially for the bunch planting crop, its superiority is obvious, but complex structure, demand strict technology, manufacturing cost is higher, needs bigger tractive force simultaneously, be adapted to large tracts of land collectivization farm, the situation of managing the soil for China most of rural area single household burst then is far from suitable.The centrifugal seeder manufacturing cost is low than the air-sucking type cost, fair for the drilling crop performance, and for the bunch planting crop, in actual job, tend to occur sowing state at random, do not occur the situation of being short of seedling for making after emerging, will increase thickness of sowing, thereby the seed expense that has increased the peasant is used, the seed of most of hill-drop planters is broadcast into amount and is exceeded actual 4-5 times of staying the seedling amount, causes very big seed waste.And for fertilizer applicator, most of fertilizer applicators adapt to the drilling crop very much, then often exist seed manure mixed seeding and fertilising to present the drilling state to the bunch planting crop.
The purpose of this utility model is: provide a kind of level reciprocating type seeding and fertilizer spreading machine, this machine can be realized drilling, bunch planting and fertilising, can broadcast together by the denumerable again row of single file operation, and can decide spacing in the rows, reduce seed, the broadcasting of chemical fertilizer into amount, alleviate the labour intensity and the seed manure expense of peasant's thinning, and simple in structure, cost is low, adaptability is strong.
Further purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of effectively anti-leak-stopping kind, leaks fertilizer, blocks when hindering seed and seeding and fertilizing owing to stopping up the dual-purpose machine of the reciprocating type seeding and fertilizing of level that causes the broadcast leakage phenomenon.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that the land wheel that is fixed on the frame connects an eccentric links by a small eccentricity axle, the other end of said eccentric links connects the fork of a center fixed on frame, the other end of this fork connects seed manure plate pull bar, the other end of this seed manure plate pull bar connects seeding board and fertilizer plate, feed outlet and fertilizer hole are arranged respectively on said seeding board and the fertilizer plate, said seeding board and fertilizer plate are installed in respectively in the seeding board guide rail and fertilizer panel guide of seed-box and fertilizer can bottom, below said seeding board and fertilizer plate, base plate is installed respectively, seeds discharging box and defertilizing box are installed respectively below said base plate, are connected discharging tube and defertilizing tube respectively below said seeds discharging box and the defertilizing box.During seeding and fertilizing, by land wheel rotating drive eccentric links pulling fork, this fork pulling seed manure plate pull bar, seed manure plate pull bar drives seeding board and the fertilizer plate is made front-rear reciprocation movement, in the feed outlet that seed in seed-box and the fertilizer can and fertilizer fill up seeding board respectively and the fertilizer hole of fertilizer plate, owing to there is base plate to stop, so seed and fertilizer can not directly fall into seeds discharging box and defertilizing box, after feed outlet and fertilizer hole move to bottom edge, seed and fertilizer is not because after having base plate to stop to fall into seeds discharging box and defertilizing box by deadweight, finishes the purpose of seeding and fertilizing from discharging tube and defertilizing tube discharge.
Retaining kind tongue that bottom and seeding board contact with the fertilizer plate is installed on the front and back walls in said in the above seed-box and the fertilizer can and is kept off fertile tongue.In order to avoid seed or fertilizer spills from seed-box or fertilizer can, and card is hindered seed can prevent that seeding board from seesawing the time.
Above feed outlet and fertilizer hole on said seeding board and the fertilizer plate be big end down bellmouth.Can prevent that like this seed or fertilizer from stopping up feed outlet and fertilizer hole when discharging, cause seeding or fertilizer inhomogeneous.
Advantage of the present utility model is: because seed manure plate pull bar drives seeding board and fertilizer plate simultaneously, realized sowing, applied fertilizer and carry out synchronously; By changing seeding board and fertilizer plate, but realized getting final product the bunch planting purpose of drilling again, and can regulate amount of seed metering and defertilizing amount by seeding board or the fertilizer plate of changing different feed outlets or fertilizer hole, to adapt to the needs of different seeds and different soils, increased the adaptability of this machine; During bunch planting, the feed outlet of seeding board is a single hole, and single face seeding, fertilizer have increased the reliability of seed and chemical fertilizer bunch planting; But this machine has the denumerable again row of single file operation simultaneously with the advantage of broadcasting, and adaptability is strong, and cost is low, saves the labour, the reduction expense, and a large amount of situations at random can not appear in dependable performance, are the desirable apparatus of present rural area seeding and fertilizing.
Further advantage of the present utility model is: because tapered hole is adopted in feed outlet on seeding board and the fertilizer plate and fertilizer hole, so can not press from both sides kind, press from both sides fertile phenomenon, avoid leak kind, leak fertile situation and take place; Seed cup gate and defertilizing tongue are installed in seed-box and fertilizer can, can be avoided seed or fertilizer to spill, can prevent that again card hinders seed, increased the reliability of sowing.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of A among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the end view of Fig. 2.
As Figure 1-3, be fixed on the installation one small eccentricity axle on land wheel 1 on the frame, connect an eccentric links 2 on the eccentric shaft, the other end of eccentric links 2 connects a fork 3, these fork 3 center fixed are on frame, the other end of fork 3 connects seed manure plate pull bar 4, the other end of seed manure plate pull bar 4 connects seeding board 5, connect a fertilizer plate side by side with seeding board 5, seeding board 5 and fertilizer plate join together, the seeding part of only drawing in the drawings schematic diagram, the fertilizer part is basic identical with the seeding part, up big and down small taper feed outlet 12 is arranged on the seeding board 5, up big and down small fertilizer hole is in like manner arranged on the fertilizer plate, seeding board 5 and fertilizer plate are installed in respectively in the seeding board guide rail 6 and fertilizer panel guide of seed-box 8 and fertilizer can bottom, so that seeding board 5 and fertilizer plate are done directed movement, below seeding board 5 and fertilizer plate, base plate 9 is installed respectively, directly discharge from seed-box 8 and fertilizer can to prevent seed or fertilizer, seeds discharging box 10 and defertilizing box are installed respectively below base plate 9, the front and back of base plate 9 and seeds discharging box 10 and defertilizing box make seed, adjustable gap that chemical fertilizer falls, be connected discharging tube 11 and defertilizing tube respectively below seeds discharging box 10 and the defertilizing box, before said seed-box 8 and fertilizer can inside, by pressing plate and screw following rubber stop kind tongue 7 and the fertile tongue of retaining that contacts with the fertilizer plate with seeding board is installed on the rear wall, making things convenient for seed or fertilizer to spill smoothly from seed-box or fertilizer can, and card is hindered seed can prevent that seeding board from seesawing the time.During seeding and fertilizing, land wheel moves ahead with frame or plough body, by land wheel 1 rotating drive eccentric links 2 pulling forks 3, fork 3 pulling seed manure plate pull bars 4, seed manure plate pull bar 4 drives seeding board 5 and the fertilizer plate is made front-rear reciprocation movement, in the feed outlet 12 that seed in seed-box 8 and the fertilizer can and fertilizer fill up seeding board 5 respectively and the fertilizer hole of fertilizer plate, owing to have base plate 9 to stop below, seed and fertilizer can not directly be discharged, after feed outlet 12 and fertilizer hole move to base plate 9 edges, seed and fertilizer is not because after having base plate 9 to stop to fall into seeds discharging box 10 and defertilizing box by deadweight, finishes the purpose of seeding and fertilizing from discharging tube 11 and defertilizing tube discharge.Because seed manure plate pull bar 4 drives seeding board 5 and fertilizer plate simultaneously, realized sowing, applied fertilizer and carry out synchronously; By replacing seeding board 5 and fertilizer plate, but realized getting final product the bunch planting purpose of drilling again, and can regulate amount of seed metering and defertilizing amount,, increased the adaptability of this machine to adapt to the needs of different seeds and different soils by changing different feed outlets 12 or fertilizer hole; During bunch planting, the feed outlet 12 of seeding board 5 is a single hole, and single face seeding, fertilizer have increased the reliability of seed and chemical fertilizer bunch planting; Adopt tapered hole on seeding board 5 and the fertilizer plate, do not plant, press from both sides fertile phenomenon, avoid Lou planting, leaking fertile phenomenon so folder can not take place; But this machine has the denumerable again row of single file operation simultaneously with the advantage of broadcasting, and adaptability is strong, and cost is low, saves the labour, the reduction expense, and a large amount of situations at random can not appear in dependable performance, are the desirable apparatus of present rural area seeding and fertilizing.

Claims (3)

1, the dual-purpose machine of a kind of horizontal reciprocative multi-function seeding and fertilizing, it is characterized in that: the land wheel (1) that is fixed on the frame connects an eccentric links (2) by a small eccentricity axle, the other end of said eccentric links (2) connects the fork (3) of a center fixed on frame, the other end of this fork (3) connects seed manure plate pull bar (4), the other end of this seed manure plate pull bar (4) connects seeding board (5) and fertilizer plate, feed outlet (12) and fertilizer hole are arranged respectively on said seeding board (5) and the fertilizer plate, said seeding board (5) and fertilizer plate are installed in respectively in the seeding board guide rail (6) and fertilizer panel guide of seed-box (8) and fertilizer can bottom, base plate (9) is installed respectively below said seeding board (5) and fertilizer plate, seeds discharging box (10) and defertilizing box are installed respectively below said base plate, are connected discharging tube (11) and defertilizing tube respectively below said seeds discharging box (10) and the defertilizing box.
2, the dual-purpose machine of horizontal reciprocative multi-function seeding and fertilizing according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the retaining kind tongue (7) that bottom and seeding board (5) contact with the fertilizer plate is installed on the front and back walls in said seed-box (8) and the fertilizer can and is kept off fertile tongue.
3, the dual-purpose machine of horizontal reciprocative multi-function seeding and fertilizing according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: feed outlet (12) and fertilizer hole on said seeding board (5) and the fertilizer plate are big end down bellmouth.
CN 95226993 1995-12-13 1995-12-13 Horizentally reciprocal multifunctional seeding and fertilizing machine Expired - Fee Related CN2243163Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 95226993 CN2243163Y (en) 1995-12-13 1995-12-13 Horizentally reciprocal multifunctional seeding and fertilizing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 95226993 CN2243163Y (en) 1995-12-13 1995-12-13 Horizentally reciprocal multifunctional seeding and fertilizing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2243163Y true CN2243163Y (en) 1996-12-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 95226993 Expired - Fee Related CN2243163Y (en) 1995-12-13 1995-12-13 Horizentally reciprocal multifunctional seeding and fertilizing machine

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN2243163Y (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101940119A (en) * 2010-08-28 2011-01-12 岑大伟 Dislocation type corn planting method and reciprocating flashboard type seed and fertilizer sowing machine
CN102388703A (en) * 2011-07-20 2012-03-28 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Brush hole type plug seedling planter
CN102523799A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-07-04 程向清 Hole eye tangent vibration type seed feeding method and device
CN104396395A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-03-11 银川利智信知识产权咨询服务有限公司 Potato seeder
CN106171194A (en) * 2010-10-08 2016-12-07 程向清 Single direction bearing type pocket tangential vibrations dispenser
CN112106492A (en) * 2020-10-26 2020-12-22 蒋昆鹏 Dig hole seeding earthing all-in-one

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101940119A (en) * 2010-08-28 2011-01-12 岑大伟 Dislocation type corn planting method and reciprocating flashboard type seed and fertilizer sowing machine
CN102523799A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-07-04 程向清 Hole eye tangent vibration type seed feeding method and device
CN106171194A (en) * 2010-10-08 2016-12-07 程向清 Single direction bearing type pocket tangential vibrations dispenser
CN102388703A (en) * 2011-07-20 2012-03-28 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Brush hole type plug seedling planter
CN104396395A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-03-11 银川利智信知识产权咨询服务有限公司 Potato seeder
CN112106492A (en) * 2020-10-26 2020-12-22 蒋昆鹏 Dig hole seeding earthing all-in-one

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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