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Microstrip antenna for mobile communication

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Publication number
CN2224466Y
CN2224466Y CN 95230024 CN95230024U CN2224466Y CN 2224466 Y CN2224466 Y CN 2224466Y CN 95230024 CN95230024 CN 95230024 CN 95230024 U CN95230024 U CN 95230024U CN 2224466 Y CN2224466 Y CN 2224466Y
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CN
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
microstrip
antenna
mobile
communication
wave
Prior art date
Application number
CN 95230024
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔宪臣
Original Assignee
阜新市华安科技服务公司
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Publication date
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to an antenna for wireless mobile communication, which particularly relates to a microstrip antenna for mobile communication of HF, VHF, UHF and SHF wave bands. The basal plate of the microstrip antenna is composed of two positive and two reverse unclosing rectangular spirals, five positive and five reverse foldingly connected first unit radiation conduction bands and top loads. The formed gap is equal to the resonant slot of 1/2 wave length. The utility model has the characteristics of high gain, wide frequency band, isotropic directivity, easy conformation, etc., and is suitable for vehicle-mounted and carrier-borne microstrip antennas for mobile communication.

Description

移动通信微带天线 The mobile communication microstrip antenna

本实用新型属无线移动通信天线,特别涉及一种用于无线通信的HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段的移动通信微带天线。 The present invention belongs to the mobile radio communication antenna, and particularly relates to a wireless communication for HF, VHF, UHF, SHF band microstrip antenna mobile communication.

目前,在国内外的无线通信中,应用于HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段的微带天线,其几何形状都是矩形、圆形、椭圆形、栅形、齿形、三角形、多边形、环形、扇形、梯形等单一几何形状微带天线,其普遍存在增益低,频带窄,端射性差、只向半空间辐射、天线几何尺寸大等问题,严重影响了通信距离、通信质量和通信效果,特别是全向通信的有效性,尤其是对通信方向不断变化的移动通信,影响更大,天线几何尺寸大,限制了使用环境和使用条件,同时也不利于共形。 Currently, in a wireless communication in home and abroad, is applied to HF, VHF, UHF, SHF band microstrip antenna, its geometry is rectangular, circular, oval, grid-shaped, toothed, triangular, polygonal, annular, fan, trapezoidal microstrip antenna geometry single, common low gain, narrow band endfire poor, only the half-space radiation, the antenna geometry such problems, a serious impact on the communication distance, a communication quality and communication effect, particularly omnidirectional communication effectiveness, especially mobile communications for changing the direction of communication, a greater impact, a large antenna geometry, limits the use of the environment and conditions of use, while not conducive conformal.

本实用新型的目的在于解决增益低、频带窄、端射性差等问题,提供一种适合室内外、固定或移动通信用微带天线。 The present invention aims to solve the low-gain, narrow band, and poor exit end, there is provided suitable for indoor and outdoor, fixed or mobile communication microstrip antenna.

本实用新型的任务在于,在微带天线基板上经过印刷或光刻工艺制成由一单元辐射导带组成的折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶结构移动通信微带天线,由2条正向非闭合矩形螺绕,2条反向非闭合矩形螺绕相连接组成一单元辐射导带,以第2条反向非闭合矩形螺绕(15)为始点的纵向折合组成的加顶负载,一单元辐射导带经折合螺绕后,形成的缝隙谐振于1/2波长。 The task of the present invention, after printing, or photolithography process is made equivalent to a unit of a conduction band radiating microstrip antenna is formed on the substrate, around the screw, slot, plus a top structure of the mobile communication antenna, a forward 2 non-closed rectangular spiral wound, two non inverted about a closed rectangular connected to form a spiro unit with the radiation guide, article 2 to the non-inverted rectangular closed around the screw (15) is equivalent to adding longitudinal top load starting point composition, a after irradiation unit conduction band folded around the spiral slit formed in the half-wavelength resonance.

本实用新型具有增益高、频带宽、全方向性、重量轻、几何尺寸小、易共形、隐蔽性好、不易损坏、成本低等优点。 The present invention has a high gain, wide frequency band, omni-directional, light weight, small geometry, easily conformality, concealment, and not damaged, and low cost.

以下结合附图以实施例方式具体说明。 In conjunction with the accompanying drawings in the following manner specifically described embodiment.

图1示移动通信微带天线结构图。 FIG 1 shows a configuration diagram of a mobile communication microstrip antenna.

参照附图1,移动通信微带天线在天线基板上由折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶结构的移动通信一单元辐射导带组成,以始点(1)顺时针方向至终点(2)的第1次正向非闭合矩形螺绕,以始点(2)顺时针方向至终点(3)的第1次正向折合,以始点(3)逆时针方向至终点(4)的第1次反向折合,以始点(4)顺时针方向至终点(5)的第2次正向折合,以始点(5)逆时针方向至终点(6)的第2次反向折合,以始点(6)逆时针方向至终点(7)为第1次反向非闭合矩形螺绕,以始点(7)顺时针方向至终点(8)为第2次正向非闭合矩形螺绕,以(7)为界点形成2个相连的折合、螺绕结构,达到即拓宽频带,又不降低增益的目的。 Referring first to Figure 1, a mobile communication microstrip antenna is wound on the antenna substrate by the folded, spiral, slot, a mobile communication unit plus a roof structure composed of the conduction band of radiation to the starting point (1) in the clockwise direction to the end point (2) 1 non-closed rectangular spiral wound forward to the start point (2) in a clockwise direction to the end point (3) is folded forward 1st to the start point (3) in the counterclockwise direction to the end point (4) of the 1st reverse equivalent to the starting point (4) in a clockwise direction to the end point (5) of the secondary folded forward to the start point (5) to the end of the 2nd counterclockwise direction (6) of the reverse folded, around the starting point (6) inverse clockwise direction to the end (7) for the first time a non-closed rectangular spiral wound reverse to the starting point (7) in a clockwise direction to the end (8) of the forward 2nd rectangular spiral around a non-closed, to (7) is bounded forming two connected points folded, spiral wound structure, to broaden the bandwidth i.e., without the purpose of reducing the gain. 以始点(8)顺时针方向至终点(9)为第3次正向折合,以始点(9)逆时针方向至终点(10)为第3次反向折合,以始点(10)顺时针方向至终点(11)为第4次正向折合,以始点(11)逆时针方向至终点(12)为第4次反向折合,以始点(12)顺时针方向至终点(13)为第5次正向折合,以始点(13)逆时针方向至终点(14)为第5次反向折合,以始点(14)逆时针方向至终点(15)为第2次反向非闭合矩形螺绕,以上结构相连接组成一单元辐射导带,以第2次反向非闭合矩形螺绕终点(15)为始点,以(16)、(17)、(18)、(19)为终点的辐射导带组成的加顶负载,使电流波腹点上移,一单元辐射导带电流分布更为均匀。 In the start point (8) in a clockwise direction to the end point (9) is equivalent to the third forward to the starting point (9) in the counterclockwise direction to the end point (10) is reverse folded a third time to the beginning (10) in the clockwise direction, point to the end (11) of the fourth folding forward to the start point (11) in the counterclockwise direction to the end (12) of the fourth reverse folded, around the starting point (12) in a clockwise direction to the end point (13) for the first 5 forward times equivalent to the starting point (13) in the counterclockwise direction to the end (14) of the fifth reversed folding, to the start point (14) in the counterclockwise direction to the end point (15) is a non-reverse 2nd closed rectangle about spiro the above structure is connected to form a unit irradiation conduction band to 2nd reverse non-closed rectangular spiral around the end (15) as a starting point, in (16), (17), (18), (19) as the end point of the radiation plus the conduction band consisting of a top load, a current wave antinodes move, a more uniform current distribution unit conduction band radiation. 折合螺绕后形成的缝隙同1/2波长的谐振缝隙等长,即缝隙谐振于1/2波长。 Resonant slot with a gap length of 1/2 wavelength is formed like a spiral around the folded, i.e., resonated at 1/2 wavelength slit.

移动通信微带天线的技术性能。 Performance of mobile communication technology microstrip antenna.

增益 6dB频带宽 110MHZ最小平面几何尺寸 12CM2最小剖面几何尺寸 0.055MM最小重量 0.03G本实用新型移动微带天线,在结构设计中采用了折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶的技术,解决了增益低、频带窄、端射性差、只向半空间辐射等问题,具有科学性、实用性,适用于无线通信的HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段,通信方向不断变化的车装、舰载、背负、手持的移动通信,并可与通信整机及通信车船共形。 6dB gain bandwidth 110MHZ minimum geometry size 12CM2 minimum cross-sectional geometry 0.055MM minimum weight 0.03G mobile microstrip antenna of the present invention, employed in the structural design of the folded, spiral wound, slits, plus top technology to solve the low gain , narrow band endfire poor, only the half-space radiation problems, scientific, practical, HF for wireless communication, VHF, UHF, SHF bands, changing the direction of the vehicle communication means, carrier, carry, hand-held mobile communications, and conformal with the communication and the communication machine travel.

Claims (1)

1.一种用于无线通信HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段,在微带天线基板上由折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶结构的辐射导带组成的移动通信微带天线,其特征在于由2条始点(1)、(7)至终点(2)、(8)组成的正向非闭合矩形螺绕,2条始点(6)、(14)至终点(7)、(15)组成的反向非闭合矩形螺绕,5条始点(2)、(4)、(8)、(10)、(12)至终点(3)、(5)、(9)、(11)、(13)组成的正向折合,5条始点(3)、(5)、(9)、(11)、(13)至终点(4)、(6)、(10)、(12)、(14)反向折合连接组成的一单元辐射导带、以第2条反向非闭合矩形螺绕的终点(15)为始点,与以(16)、(17)、(18)、(19)为终点的纵向辐射导带组成的加顶负载,1/2波长一单元辐射导带折合螺绕后,形成的缝隙同1/2波长的谐振缝隙等长。 A wireless communication HF, VHF, UHF, SHF band is used, the microstrip antenna on a substrate made of folded, spiral wound, the radiation guide slot, plus the roof structure with a microstrip antenna consisting of a mobile communication, characterized by being 2 the starting point (1), (7) to the end point (2), (8) forward non-closed rectangles spiral wound, two start point (6), (14) to the end (7), (15) composed of reverse non-closed rectangular spiral winding, five starting point (2), (4), (8), (10), (12) to the end (3), (5), (9), (11), (13 ) consisting of the forward folded, 5 start point (3), (5), (9), (11), (13) to the end (4), (6), (10), (12), (14) reverse folded connecting means consisting of a conduction band of radiation to the second end section (15) the non-inverted rectangular spiral wound closure as a starting point, and in (16), (17), (18), (19) as the end point plus radiation top longitudinal load consisting of the conduction band, 1/2 the wavelength of the radiation guiding unit with a resonant slot with slot like 1/2 wavelength after folded around the screw, formed long.
CN 95230024 1995-01-06 1995-01-06 Microstrip antenna for mobile communication CN2224466Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8009111B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2011-08-30 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8207893B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2012-06-26 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US8253633B2 (en) 2002-12-22 2012-08-28 Fractus, S.A. Multi-band monopole antenna for a mobile communications device
US8456365B2 (en) 2002-12-22 2013-06-04 Fractus, S.A. Multi-band monopole antennas for mobile communications devices
US8738103B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2014-05-27 Fractus, S.A. Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices
US9755314B2 (en) 2001-10-16 2017-09-05 Fractus S.A. Loaded antenna

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8009111B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2011-08-30 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8154462B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2012-04-10 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8154463B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2012-04-10 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9362617B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2016-06-07 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9240632B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2016-01-19 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9054421B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-06-09 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8330659B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2012-12-11 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9000985B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-04-07 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8976069B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-03-10 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8941541B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2015-01-27 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US9761934B2 (en) 1999-09-20 2017-09-12 Fractus, S.A. Multilevel antennae
US8610627B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2013-12-17 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US8558741B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2013-10-15 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US8471772B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2013-06-25 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US9331382B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2016-05-03 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US8207893B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2012-06-26 Fractus, S.A. Space-filling miniature antennas
US9755314B2 (en) 2001-10-16 2017-09-05 Fractus S.A. Loaded antenna
US8253633B2 (en) 2002-12-22 2012-08-28 Fractus, S.A. Multi-band monopole antenna for a mobile communications device
US8259016B2 (en) 2002-12-22 2012-09-04 Fractus, S.A. Multi-band monopole antenna for a mobile communications device
US8456365B2 (en) 2002-12-22 2013-06-04 Fractus, S.A. Multi-band monopole antennas for mobile communications devices
US8674887B2 (en) 2002-12-22 2014-03-18 Fractus, S.A. Multi-band monopole antenna for a mobile communications device
US9099773B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2015-08-04 Fractus, S.A. Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices
US8738103B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2014-05-27 Fractus, S.A. Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices

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