CN220935110U - Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic module system - Google Patents

Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic module system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220935110U
CN220935110U CN202322664791.5U CN202322664791U CN220935110U CN 220935110 U CN220935110 U CN 220935110U CN 202322664791 U CN202322664791 U CN 202322664791U CN 220935110 U CN220935110 U CN 220935110U
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China
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frame
groove
photovoltaic module
photovoltaic
wall
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CN202322664791.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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叶志超
马希理
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Xiamen Abes Energy Technology Co ltd
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Xiamen Abes Energy Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a photovoltaic module and a photovoltaic module system, which belong to the technical field of photovoltaics. The photovoltaic module system comprises a plurality of the photovoltaic modules, wherein the photovoltaic modules which are adjacent in the transverse direction are mutually overlapped, and the photovoltaic modules which are adjacent in the longitudinal direction are stacked in a staggered manner. According to the utility model, the sliding type photovoltaic panel is arranged in the frame group, so that a gap can be formed between the sliding type photovoltaic panel and the front side wall of the frame group when the sliding type photovoltaic panel is installed, a foothold is provided for an installer, and the safety and the comfort are improved. The hidden cracking risk of the photovoltaic panel caused by the treading of the photovoltaic panel during construction is reduced. The installation convenience of the photovoltaic module is greatly improved.

Description

Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic module system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of photovoltaics, and particularly relates to a photovoltaic module and a photovoltaic module system.
Background
The photovoltaic module system lays a photovoltaic module on a roof to convert solar energy into electric energy so as to achieve the purpose of generating electricity by utilizing light energy. The system is a novel mode for power generation and comprehensive utilization of energy with wide development prospect, and is suitable for various places such as civil buildings, commercial buildings, public buildings and the like. The existing products on the market in the field are mainly matched with a photovoltaic panel through a conventional simple frame, and are simultaneously combined with connecting pieces, fixing pieces and the like to be installed on a roof. The key technology is that the photovoltaic module is erected, the reasonable arrangement of the module arrangement interval, the treatment setting of the waterproof layer and the like. The erection of the photovoltaic modules refers to a downhill mosaic arrangement or downhill overhead arrangement mode according to the building design requirements, so that the photovoltaic modules can obtain the maximum electric energy, and the arrangement of the module arrangement intervals refers to that the shadow of the front row of photovoltaic modules does not influence the normal operation of the rear row of photovoltaic modules; the waterproof arrangement means that adverse effects such as water leakage, water accumulation and dust accumulation are required to be avoided when the photovoltaic module is used for realizing solar power generation.
The photovoltaic module of the existing photovoltaic module system is installed by utilizing the space on the roof of a house through structural members such as hooks and profile steel brackets. Although photovoltaic technology has been developed in a long way, some problems still exist in the existing roof photovoltaic module, which mainly include: insufficient waterproof performance of the roof, low installation convenience, troublesome later maintenance, uncoordinated appearance with the original building and the like.
Disclosure of utility model
The present utility model is directed to a photovoltaic module and a photovoltaic module system, which overcome at least one of the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art.
To achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
The utility model provides a photovoltaic module, which comprises a bottom plate, a frame group and a photovoltaic plate, wherein the photovoltaic plate is slidably connected in the frame group and can slide back and forth in the frame group, a gap is reserved between the photovoltaic plate and the frame group when the photovoltaic plate slides back, and the bottom plate is arranged in the frame group and is positioned below the photovoltaic plate.
Preferably, the frame group comprises a first frame and a second frame, wherein the inner sides of the first frame and the second frame are provided with first sliding grooves, and the left side wall and the right side wall of the photovoltaic panel are connected with auxiliary frames which are in sliding connection with the first sliding grooves.
Preferably, the sliding frame further comprises a limiting elastic piece, the inner sides of the first frame and the second frame are provided with second sliding grooves, the second sliding grooves are communicated with the first sliding grooves, the limiting elastic piece is connected to the second sliding grooves in a sliding mode, and the top ends of the limiting elastic pieces are propped against the auxiliary frame.
Preferably, the first sliding groove is internally provided with a first limiting part, and the auxiliary frame is provided with a second limiting part matched with the first limiting part.
Preferably, a first glue groove is formed in the corner in the auxiliary frame.
Preferably, the bottom plate comprises a plate body and a first clamping part, the inner sides of the first frame and the second frame are provided with second clamping parts matched with the first clamping parts, the plate body is detachably connected to the frame group through the matching of the first clamping parts and the second clamping parts, and the plate body is located below the photovoltaic plate.
Preferably, the plate body is provided with a convex block protruding upwards, and the convex block is provided with a first mounting position.
Preferably, the frame group further comprises a third frame and a fastening piece, wherein the third frame is inserted into the first sliding groove and detachably connected with the first frame and the second frame through the fastening piece, and a drainage space is reserved between the bottom plate and the third frame.
Preferably, the frame group further comprises a fourth frame, the fourth frame is arranged on one side, far away from the third frame, of the plate body, the fourth frame is inserted into the first sliding groove and detachably connected with the first frame and the second frame through fasteners, and the fourth frame is tightly attached to the plate body.
Preferably, the third frame and the fourth frame each comprise a vertical frame and a horizontal frame which are connected with each other, the horizontal frame is inserted into the first sliding groove, and the vertical frame abuts against the end parts of the first frame and the second frame.
Preferably, the waterproof frame further comprises a waterproof adhesive tape, and the bottom of the third frame is provided with a mounting groove for mounting the waterproof adhesive tape and a containing groove for containing the waterproof adhesive tape which is extruded and contracted.
Preferably, the waterproof adhesive tape comprises an installation part and a deformation part which are connected with each other, the installation part is installed in the installation groove, at least one part of the deformation part is located in the containing groove, the deformation part comprises a first inclined wall, a second inclined wall and a contact wall, one end of the first inclined wall is connected with the installation part, one end of the second inclined wall is connected with the contact wall, the other end of the first inclined wall is connected with the other end of the second inclined wall, and a deformation space is formed between the installation part and the contact wall.
Preferably, the solar photovoltaic panel further comprises a water retaining piece, the water retaining piece comprises a clamping portion and an extending portion, the clamping portion is clamped at the rear end of the photovoltaic panel, the connecting portion is arranged in a sealing mode, the extending portion extending forwards or upwards is arranged on the upper portion of the clamping portion, and a water retaining space is reserved between the extending portion extending forwards and the photovoltaic panel.
Preferably, the inner side wall of the clamping part above the photovoltaic panel is provided with a plurality of second glue grooves.
The utility model also provides a photovoltaic module system which comprises a plurality of the photovoltaic modules, wherein the photovoltaic modules which are adjacent in the transverse direction are mutually overlapped, and the photovoltaic modules which are adjacent in the longitudinal direction are stacked in a staggered manner.
Preferably, the frame group includes first frame and second frame, the first frame of a photovoltaic module and the second frame of adjacent photovoltaic module overlap joint each other, first frame has the second recess, and first wall, the second frame has with second recess complex first convex part, the second recess includes first cell wall, second cell wall, and third cell wall, one side of second cell wall is connected with first cell wall, the opposite side of second cell wall is connected with the third cell wall, the third cell wall is connected with the wall that the first wall is close to the second frame of adjacent photovoltaic module, and the junction is located the top of second cell wall, first cell wall is close to the wall dislocation set of the second frame of adjacent photovoltaic module with first wall.
Preferably, the third groove wall surface is obliquely arranged.
Preferably, the second rim has a second wall that is in close proximity to the first wall.
Preferably, the first frame has a water guiding part connected with the bottom end of the first wall, a water guiding space is formed between the water guiding part and the second frame, and the water guiding space has a water outlet.
Preferably, the second frame has a second protrusion or a third groove, when the second frame has the second protrusion, the water guiding part has a third groove or a second protrusion, a baffling channel is provided between the third groove or the second protrusion of the water guiding part and the second protrusion of the second frame, when the second frame has the third groove, the water guiding part has the second protrusion or the third groove, and a baffling channel is provided between the second protrusion or the third groove of the water guiding part and the third groove of the second frame.
Preferably, the frame group still includes the third frame and fastener, and first spout has all been seted up to the inboard of first frame and second frame, and in the third frame inserted first spout, and can dismantle with first frame and second frame through the fastener and be connected, the third frame has the water inlet with the outlet intercommunication, the inside of third frame has the drainage channel, drainage channel and water inlet intercommunication.
Preferably, a drainage space is formed between the bottom plate and the third frame, a water inlet space is formed between the photovoltaic panel and the frame group, and the drainage space of the photovoltaic module located above and the water inlet space of the photovoltaic module located below are arranged up and down oppositely, so that rainwater on the bottom plate of the photovoltaic module located above can enter the bottom plate of the photovoltaic module located below through the water inlet space of the photovoltaic module located below through the drainage space of the rainwater on the bottom plate of the photovoltaic module located above.
Preferably, the anti-theft device further comprises an anti-theft member, one end of the anti-theft member is abutted against the bottom plate positioned above, and the other end of the anti-theft member is fixed or abutted against the bottom plate positioned below.
Preferably, the bottom plate comprises a plate body, one end of the tamper-evident member is abutted against the plate body located above, and the other end of the tamper-evident member is fixed to the plate body located below by a fastener.
Preferably, the bottom plate comprises a plate body and a baffle, one end of the third frame, far away from the end of the plate body, is bent upwards from the plate body to form the baffle, the baffle is connected with the first frame and the second frame through fasteners, one end of the windproof uncovering member is propped against the plate body positioned above, and the other end of the windproof uncovering member is propped against the baffle positioned below.
Preferably, one end of the third frame far away from the plate body is bent upwards from the plate body to form a water retaining part, and the water retaining part is connected with the first frame and the second frame through fasteners.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1. Through set up slidingtype photovoltaic board in the frame group, gliding photovoltaic board can form the space with between the preceding lateral wall of frame group when the installation, for installer provides the landing point, has improved security, travelling comfort. The hidden cracking risk of the photovoltaic panel caused by the treading of the photovoltaic panel during construction is reduced. This structure has improved photovoltaic module's installation convenience greatly.
2. The waterproof and drainage double effects are achieved through the arrangement of the bottom plate, and the service life of the original roof layer is guaranteed.
3. Through the setting of vice frame, avoid the friction between photovoltaic board and first frame, the second frame at photovoltaic board slip in-process to the life of extension photovoltaic board.
4. The design of the limiting bulge is matched with the limiting groove, so that the limiting effect is achieved, and the slipping phenomenon of the photovoltaic panel is prevented to the greatest extent.
5. The limiting elastic sheet plays roles of sliding, limiting and supporting water resistance in the assembly process.
6. The setting in first gluey groove can ensure that the structure glues and stays gluey volume to improve photovoltaic module's fastness.
7. The lug plays a role after the screw is locked, so that water flow is effectively prevented from penetrating into the bottom along the hole site of the plate body, and the water leakage problem is prevented.
8. Due to the arrangement of the drainage space, when the photovoltaic panel slides backwards to provide a foothold for an installer, the installer cannot tread the photovoltaic panel or tread the bottom plate, and the hidden crack risk of the whole photovoltaic module is reduced.
9. Through the setting of horizontal frame, not only can dock with first spout, form a firm overlap joint, provide good holding power for installer. When the installer tramples third frame and fourth frame in the installation, the horizontal frame can provide extra bearing capacity, ensures that the installer has a stable platform to operate.
10. Through the first inclined wall of deformation portion, the second inclined wall, deformation space's setting for when the contact wall receives ascending power, deformation portion can take place to deform, and the shrink reduces waterproof adhesive tape height, and can retract to the holding tank in, and then raise the whole height of photovoltaic module system because of the dislocation stacks when avoiding photovoltaic module installation, eliminated the problem that the gap grows between two upper and lower photovoltaic modules because of waterproof adhesive tape produces, thereby waterproof adhesive tape's effect is as the entering that prevents water between the gap that upper and lower two produced when photovoltaic module installs the use.
11. The water retaining piece is matched with the waterproof adhesive tape for use, an effective barrier is formed above the photovoltaic panel, the direct blowing of wind pressure is prevented, a large amount of water flow is prevented from entering the bottom plate area, and the drainage pressure of the bottom plate is reduced.
12. The second glue groove is convenient for construction of the structural glue while increasing friction force.
13. The mode of staggered stacking from top to bottom is adopted, so that 'which block generates a problem and which block is disassembled' can be realized during later maintenance, and the condition that the whole disassembly is required due to the problem of one photovoltaic module is avoided.
14. When rainwater infiltrates from the lap joint between first cell wall face and the first convex part, through the setting of third cell wall face, can block the further infiltration of rainwater, form first structure waterproofing measure to the waterproof mode of structural fit realizes, changes traditional waterproof adhesive tape waterproof mode, avoids the rainwater that waterproof adhesive tape ageing brought to reverse infiltration original roof layer of ageing inefficacy damage department to cause the damage of roofing.
15. The ingenious design of dislocation overlap joint is used, so that the risk that water directly permeates into a roof from a gap when a product works normally is effectively avoided, and action feedback is provided for an installer.
16. The first wall and the second wall which are tightly attached have certain tension to form a second channel structure waterproof measure.
17. Through the setting of water guiding space, on the one hand is the infiltration buffering of rainwater, on the other hand accessible outlet will permeate the rainwater in the water guiding space and discharge, not only form the third way structure waterproof measure, still form the structure drainage measure. The waterproof and drainage are combined, so that the waterproof performance is greatly improved, and the roof water seepage damage is avoided.
18. The water flow speed can be slowed down through the arrangement of the baffling channel, the rising of rainwater can be further prevented, and a fourth structural waterproof measure is formed.
19. The wind-proof uncovering member connects the upper bottom plate and the lower bottom plate together, when wind blows upwards from the bottom, the wind-proof uncovering member can play a role in preventing the bottom plates from being lifted by wind due to uneven stress, and the safety is greatly improved.
20. The tie point of two blocks of upper and lower photovoltaic module sets up on the bottom plate, and on not the photovoltaic board, need not to carry out the setting of installation position to the photovoltaic board, also can not shelter from the photovoltaic board, simple to operate.
21. The combination of the waterproof adhesive tape and the water retaining piece is adopted to form the waterproof combination type waterproof adhesive tape and the waterproof structure, so that the waterproof effect is good.
22. The baffle replaces the fourth frame in the first embodiment, and the baffle is directly formed by integrally forming the bottom plate, so that the waterproof sealing performance of the plate body is improved. And the convenience of installation is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view (initial state) of a photovoltaic module according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a photovoltaic module according to an embodiment of the present utility model (a state in which a photovoltaic panel is pushed backward).
Fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a photovoltaic module according to an embodiment of the present utility model (the bottom plate is not shown, and the photovoltaic panel is pushed backward).
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a photovoltaic module according to an embodiment of the present utility model (the bottom plate and the water blocking member are not shown).
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a base plate according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a matching structure of a second frame, a limiting elastic sheet, a subframe, and a photovoltaic panel according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 7 is a schematic front view of a second frame according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a subframe according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of a mating structure of a transverse frame and a first frame according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 10 is a schematic left-view of a waterproof strip according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 11 is a schematic left-view structure of a third frame according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 12 is a schematic left-view structural diagram (initial state) of a third frame and a waterproof strip according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 13 is a schematic left-hand view of a third frame and a waterproof strip according to an embodiment of the present utility model (a state in which the waterproof strip is compressed into the receiving groove).
Fig. 14 is a schematic diagram of a fitting structure of a waterproof strip, a third frame, a first frame, and a photovoltaic panel according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of a fitting structure of a waterproof strip, a third frame, a photovoltaic panel, and a water blocking member according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 16 is a schematic perspective view of a water deflector according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 17 is a schematic perspective view of a photovoltaic module system according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 18 is a schematic diagram of a mating structure of a first frame and a second frame of a photovoltaic module adjacent to each other.
Fig. 19 is a schematic front view of a first frame according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 20 is a schematic diagram of the matching structures of the first frame, the second frame, the third frame, and the fourth frame of the photovoltaic module adjacent to each other.
Fig. 21 is an enlarged schematic view of a in fig. 20.
Fig. 22 is a schematic diagram illustrating positions of a drainage space and a water inlet space of a photovoltaic module adjacent to each other.
FIG. 23 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional mating structure of a photovoltaic module and a tamper evident structure of an embodiment of the present utility model.
FIG. 24 is a schematic top view of a top-down mating structure of an adjacent bottom panel and tamper evident structure in accordance with an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 25 is an enlarged schematic view of B in fig. 24.
FIG. 26 is a schematic perspective view of a tamper evident structure according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 27 is a schematic view of a fitting structure of a second waterproof adhesive tape, a third frame, a photovoltaic panel, and a water blocking member according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 28 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional matching structure of a photovoltaic module and a tamper evident structure of a second embodiment of the present utility model.
FIG. 29 is a schematic view of a vertically adjacent bottom plate and tamper evident structure of a second embodiment of the present utility model.
FIG. 30 is a schematic perspective view of a tamper evident structure according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 31 is a schematic diagram of a matching structure of a first frame and a second frame of a photovoltaic module adjacent to each other.
Fig. 32 is a schematic diagram of a first row of photovoltaic modules according to an embodiment of the present utility model after construction.
Fig. 33 is a schematic view of a second row of photovoltaic modules constructed in accordance with an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 34 is a schematic view of a second row of photovoltaic modules according to an embodiment of the present utility model after construction.
Fig. 35 is a schematic view of a third row of photovoltaic modules constructed in accordance with an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 36 is a schematic view of a photovoltaic module system according to an embodiment of the present utility model after construction.
The marks in the drawings are: 1-photovoltaic panel, 2-frame group, 3-bottom plate, 4-void, 21-first frame, 22-second frame, 23-first slide groove, 5-subframe, 6-limit spring, 24-second slide groove, 231-first limit portion, 51-second limit portion, 52-first glue groove, 31-panel body, 25-second clip portion, 32-bump, 33-first mount, 35-first clip portion, 26-third frame, 7-fastener, 8-drainage space, 27-fourth frame, 9-mullion, 10-transom, 11-waterproof tape, 261-mount groove, 262-receiving groove, 111-mount portion, 112-deformation portion, 1121-first skew wall, 1122-second inclined wall, 1123-contact wall, 1124-deformation space, 12-water deflector, 121-snap-in portion, 122-extension portion, 124-water deflector space, 125-second glue groove, 211-second groove, 212-first wall, 221-first protrusion, 2111-first groove wall, 2112-second groove wall, 2113-third groove wall, 222-second wall, 213-water deflector, 13-water deflector space, 14-water drain, 223-second protrusion, 224-third groove, 15-baffle channel, 263-water inlet, 264-water drain channel, 16-water inlet space, 17-tamper-evident member, 34-baffle.
Detailed Description
The utility model will now be further described with reference to the drawings and detailed description.
What is not described in detail in this specification is prior art known to those skilled in the art. In the description of the present utility model, it should be understood that the terms "center," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," etc. indicate or refer to the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely for convenience of description and to simplify the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the utility model. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used merely to distinguish between descriptions and should not be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Embodiment one:
As shown in fig. 1 to 26, the photovoltaic module provided in this embodiment includes a bottom plate 3, a frame group 2, and a photovoltaic panel 1, the photovoltaic panel 1 is slidably connected in the frame group 2, the photovoltaic panel 1 can slide back and forth in the frame group 2, when the photovoltaic panel 1 slides back, a gap 4 is provided between the photovoltaic panel 1 and the frame group 2, and the bottom plate 3 is disposed in the frame group 2 and is located below the photovoltaic panel 1.
Through set up slidingtype photovoltaic board 1 in the frame group, gliding photovoltaic board 1 can form space 4 with between the preceding lateral wall of frame group 2 when the installation, for installer provides the drop point, has improved security, travelling comfort. The hidden cracking risk of the photovoltaic panel 1 caused by the fact that the photovoltaic panel 1 is stepped on by construction is reduced. This structure has improved photovoltaic module's installation convenience greatly.
By the arrangement of the bottom plates 3, when water flows from the photovoltaic panel 1 to the bottom plates 3, the water flow is discharged downwards along the bottom plates 3, flows onto the next photovoltaic module, and so on until the last bottom plate 3, and is discharged. The bottom plate 3 has the double effects of water prevention and drainage, and the service life of the original roof layer is ensured.
The frame group 2 includes a first frame 21 and a second frame 22, the first frame 21 in the frame group 2 is located on the right side of the second frame 22, the inner sides of the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 are both provided with a first chute 23, and the left and right side walls of the photovoltaic panel 1 are both connected with an auxiliary frame 5 and are slidably connected with the first chute 23 through the auxiliary frame 5. Through the arrangement of the auxiliary frame 5, the photovoltaic panel 1 is matched with the photovoltaic panel. The sliding mechanism has the main effects of avoiding friction between the photovoltaic panel 1 and the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 in the sliding process of the photovoltaic panel 1, so that the service life of the photovoltaic panel 1 is prolonged.
The device further comprises a limiting elastic piece 6, wherein the inner sides of the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 are provided with second sliding grooves 24, the second sliding grooves 24 are communicated with the first sliding grooves 23, the limiting elastic piece 6 is connected with the second sliding grooves 24 in a sliding mode, and the top ends of the limiting elastic pieces 6 are propped against the auxiliary frame 5. The first chute 23 has a first limiting portion 231 therein, the subframe 5 has a second limiting portion 51 cooperating with the first limiting portion 231, the first limiting portion 231 in this embodiment is a limiting slot, and the second limiting portion 51 is a limiting protrusion. The design of the limiting bulge is matched with the limiting groove, so that the limiting effect is achieved, and the slipping phenomenon of the photovoltaic panel 1 is prevented to the greatest extent.
The limiting spring piece 6 plays important roles of sliding, limiting and supporting water resistance in the assembly process. The auxiliary frame 5, the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 can slide relatively and limit. Form dislocation overlap joint between spacing groove and the spacing arch of this embodiment, spacing shell fragment 6 is through exerting ascending elasticity for spacing arch on the subframe 5 is inseparabler with the dislocation overlap joint of first frame 21, second frame 22, and then has realized better laminating effect. The attaching performance not only enables the frame to have higher waterproof performance, but also can effectively resist the influence caused by direct filling of strong wind.
The first glue groove 52 is formed at the corner in the auxiliary frame 5, so that the glue remaining amount of the structural glue can be ensured, and the firmness of the photovoltaic module can be improved.
The bottom plate 3 includes a plate body 31 and a first clamping portion 35, the inner sides of the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 are provided with a second clamping portion 25 matched with the first clamping portion 35, the plate body 31 is detachably connected to the frame set 2 through the matching of the first clamping portion 35 and the second clamping portion 25, and the plate body 31 is located below the photovoltaic panel 1. The first clamping portions 35 in this embodiment are clamping strips disposed on the left and right sides of the plate 31, the first clamping portions 35 are formed by bending the plate 31 upwards, and the second clamping portions 25 are clamping grooves. Through the cooperation of card strip and draw-in groove, easy dismounting.
Wherein, the plate 31 has a protruding block 32 protruding upward, and the protruding block 32 has a first mounting location 33. The first mounting location 33 of this embodiment is a threaded hole for screw locking other structural members, such as the tamper evident structure 17. The bump plays a role after the screw is locked, effectively preventing water flow from penetrating into the bottom along the hole site of the plate 31, thereby preventing water leakage.
The frame set 2 further includes a third frame 26, a fourth frame 27, and a fastener 7, where the third frame 26 is inserted into the first chute 23 and detachably connected to the first frame and the second frame by the fastener 7, and a drainage space 8 is provided between the bottom plate 3 and the third frame 26. The fourth frame 27 is disposed at the rear side of the plate 31, the fourth frame 27 is inserted into the first chute 23, and detachably connected with the first frame and the second frame by the fastening members 7, and the fourth frame 27 is tightly attached to the plate 31. The fastener 7 of this embodiment is a screw. The close fit of the fourth frame 27 and the plate 31 plays a role in waterproof sealing, and the arrangement of the drainage space 8 facilitates the rainwater to slide down and drain from the drainage space 8. The first frame 21, the second frame 22, the third frame 26 and the fourth frame 27 form a frame structure surrounding the photovoltaic panel 1, and the frame structure is combined with the bottom plate 3 arranged below the photovoltaic panel 1, so that a good waterproof and drainage effect is achieved. And because the setting of drainage space 8, when photovoltaic board 1 backward slides and provides the landing point for the installer, installer's landing can not trample photovoltaic board 1 not only, also can not trample bottom plate 3, reduces the hidden risk of splitting of whole photovoltaic module.
Wherein, the third frame 26 and the fourth frame 27 each comprise a vertical frame 9 and a horizontal frame 10 which are connected with each other, and the horizontal frame 10 is inserted into the first chute 23 and is tightly matched with the first chute 23 to form a stable lap joint. The mullion 9 abuts the ends of the first and second side frames 21, 22. Through the setting of horizontal frame 10, not only can dock with first spout 23, form a firm overlap joint, provide good holding power for the installer. When the installer steps on the third 26 and fourth 27 rims during installation, the cross frame 10 provides additional load bearing capacity to ensure that the installer has a stable platform to operate.
Wherein, also include the waterproof adhesive tape 11, the bottom of the third frame 26 has the mounting groove 261 used for installing waterproof adhesive tape 11, and hold the holding groove 262 of waterproof adhesive tape 11 that is squeezed and contracted. The waterproof adhesive tape 11 includes an installation portion 111 and a deformation portion 112 connected to each other, the installation portion 111 is installed in the installation groove 261, at least a portion of the deformation portion 112 is located in the accommodation groove 262, the deformation portion 112 includes a first inclined wall 1121, a second inclined wall 1122, and a contact wall 1123, and the contact wall 1123 is horizontally disposed. The upper end of the first inclined wall 1121 is connected to the mounting portion 111, the lower end of the second inclined wall 1122 is connected to the contact wall 1123, the lower end of the first inclined wall 1121 is connected to the upper end of the second inclined wall 1122, and a deformation space 1124 is provided between the mounting portion 111 and the contact wall 1123. Through the setting of the first inclined wall 1121 of deformation portion 112, the second inclined wall 1122, deformation space 1124 for when contact wall 1123 receives ascending power, deformation portion 112 can take place the deformation, and shrink reduces waterproof adhesive tape 11 height, and can retract to the holding tank, and then the whole height of photovoltaic module system is raised because of the dislocation stack when avoiding photovoltaic module installation, has eliminated the problem that the gap between two upper and lower photovoltaic modules that produce because of waterproof adhesive tape 11 becomes big, thereby waterproof adhesive tape 11's effect is as the barrier preventing the entering of water between the gap that produces from top to bottom when photovoltaic module installs the use.
The solar photovoltaic panel comprises a photovoltaic panel body, a water retaining piece 12, a connecting part, a waterproof adhesive tape 11, a connecting part and a waterproof adhesive tape, wherein the water retaining piece 12 comprises a clamping part 121 and an extending part 122, the clamping part 121 is clamped at the rear end of the photovoltaic panel body 1, the connecting part is sealed, the extending part 122 extending upwards is arranged on the upper part of the clamping part 121, the inverted F-shaped design is formed, the waterproof adhesive tape 11 is matched for use, an effective barrier is formed above the photovoltaic panel body 1, and a large amount of water flow caused by wind pressure direct blowing is prevented from entering the area of the bottom plate 3, and the drainage pressure of the bottom plate 3 is reduced. The water blocking member 12 serves as a waterproof barrier after the failure of the waterproof adhesive tape 11 without affecting the sliding stroke of the photovoltaic panel 1.
The inner side wall of the clamping part 121 above the photovoltaic panel 1 is provided with a plurality of second glue grooves 125, and the second glue grooves 125 facilitate construction of the structural glue while increasing friction force.
The embodiment also provides a photovoltaic module system, which comprises a plurality of photovoltaic modules, wherein the photovoltaic modules adjacent in the transverse direction are mutually overlapped, and the photovoltaic modules adjacent in the longitudinal direction are stacked in a vertically staggered manner. The mode of staggered stacking from top to bottom is adopted, so that 'which block generates a problem and which block is disassembled' can be realized during later maintenance, and the condition that the whole disassembly is required due to the problem of one photovoltaic module is avoided.
The frame set 2 includes a first frame 21 and a second frame 22, where the first frame 21 of a photovoltaic module and the second frame 22 of an adjacent photovoltaic module are overlapped with each other. The first frame 21 has a second groove 211 and a first wall 212, the second frame 22 has a first protrusion 221 engaged with the second groove 211, the second groove 211 is located at the top of the first frame 21, and the first wall 212 is located at the right side of the first frame 21. The second groove 211 includes a first groove wall surface 2111, a second groove wall surface 2112, and a third groove wall surface 2113, the left side of the second groove wall surface 2112 is connected with the first groove wall surface 2111, the right side of the second groove wall surface 2112 is connected with the third groove wall surface 2113, the third groove wall surface 2113 is connected with the right wall surface of the first wall 212, and the connection part is located above the second groove wall surface 2112, and the first groove wall surface 2111 and the right wall surface of the first wall 212 are arranged in a staggered manner. In the present embodiment, the first groove wall surface 2111 and the first wall 212 are disposed vertically, and the third groove wall surface 2113 is disposed obliquely upward and rightward.
By the cooperation of the first protrusion 221 and the second groove 211, the lap stability of the first and second frames 21 and 22 is achieved, and a lap seam is formed therebetween. When rainwater infiltrates from the lap joint between the first groove wall surface 2111 and the first convex part 221, the setting of the third groove wall surface 2113 can prevent the rainwater from further infiltration, form a first structural waterproof measure, realize waterproofing in a structural fit mode, change traditional waterproof adhesive tape waterproof mode, avoid the rainwater that ageing brings of waterproof adhesive tape to reverse infiltration original roof layer from ageing failure damage department and cause the damage of roofing. The ingenious design of dislocation overlap joint is used, so that the risk that water directly permeates into a roof from a gap when a product works normally is effectively avoided, and action feedback is provided for an installer.
Wherein the second frame 22 has a second wall 222 closely adhered to the first wall 212. If rainwater flows along the first wall 212 through the third groove wall 2113, the first wall 212 and the second wall 222 closely attached to each other have a certain tension, so that a second path structure waterproof measure is formed.
The first frame 21 has a water guiding portion 213, the water guiding portion 213 is connected to the bottom end of the first wall 212, a water guiding space 13 is formed between the water guiding portion 213 and the second frame 22, and both front and rear ends of the water guiding space 13 have water outlets 14. Through the setting of water guiding space 13, on the one hand is the infiltration buffering of rainwater, on the other hand accessible outlet 14 will permeate the rainwater in the water guiding space 13 and discharge, not only form the third way structure waterproof measure, also form the structure drainage measure. The waterproof and drainage are combined, so that the waterproof performance is greatly improved, and the roof water seepage damage is avoided.
The second frame 22 of the present embodiment has a second convex portion 223, the water guiding portion 213 has a third groove 224, and a baffle channel 15 is provided between the third groove 224 of the water guiding portion 213 and the second convex portion 223 of the second frame 22. The water flow speed can be slowed down by arranging the baffle channel 15, the rising of rainwater can be further prevented, and a fourth-channel structural waterproof measure is formed. By the three-blocking-one-opening structural waterproof measures, the optimal waterproof effect of the joint of the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 is realized.
The frame group 2 further comprises a third frame 26 and a fastening piece 7, the inner sides of the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 are respectively provided with a first chute 23, the third frame 26 is inserted into the first chute 23 and detachably connected with the first frame and the second frame through the fastening piece 7, the third frame 26 is provided with a water inlet 263 communicated with the water outlet 14, the inside of the third frame 26 is provided with a water drainage channel 264, the water drainage channel 264 is communicated with the water inlet 263, and the water drainage channel 264 penetrates through the third frame 26 along the length direction of the third frame 26. Rainwater discharged from the water guide space 13 enters the water discharge channel 264 through the water inlet 263, and is finally discharged from the left and right outlets of the water discharge channel 264.
The drainage space 8 is arranged between the bottom plate 3 and the third frame 26, the water inlet space 16 is arranged between the photovoltaic panel 1 and the frame group 2, and the drainage space 8 of the photovoltaic module positioned above and the water inlet space 16 of the photovoltaic module positioned below are arranged up and down oppositely, so that rainwater on the bottom plate 3 of the photovoltaic module positioned above enters the bottom plate 3 of the photovoltaic module positioned below through the water inlet space 16 of the photovoltaic module positioned below through the drainage space 8.
The anti-wind tearing device also comprises an anti-wind tearing member 17, wherein the upper end of the anti-wind tearing member 17 is abutted against the bottom plate 3 positioned above, and the lower end of the anti-wind tearing member 17 is fixed or abutted against the bottom plate 3 positioned below.
The base plate 3 of the present embodiment includes a plate body 31, and the upper end of the tamper evident structure 17 abuts against the plate body 31 located above, and the lower end of the tamper evident structure 17 is fixed to the plate body 31 located below. The wind-proof uncovering member 17 is a Z-shaped structure bent by a sheet metal part. The tamper evident structure 17 is fixed to the underlying plate 31 by means of screws, in particular by means of the cooperation of the screws with the first mounting locations 33, the tamper evident structure 17 being fixed to the projections 32. Therefore, the upper bottom plate 3 and the lower bottom plate 3 are connected together through the windproof uncovering member 17 in a Z shape, when wind blows upwards from the bottom, the bottom plate 3 can be prevented from being lifted by wind due to uneven stress, and the safety is greatly improved. The mode that adopts one end fixed, one end to support and lean on not only simple to operate, prevent tearing open wind effect moreover well. The tie point of two upper and lower photovoltaic module sets up on bottom plate 3, and not on the photovoltaic board 1, need not to carry out the setting of installation position to the photovoltaic board, also can not shelter from photovoltaic board 1, simple to operate.
The embodiment also provides a construction method of the photovoltaic module system, which comprises the following steps: in the transverse direction, adjacent photovoltaic modules are overlapped with each other, in the longitudinal direction, the adjacent photovoltaic modules are stacked in an up-down staggered manner, when the photovoltaic modules are stacked in the up-down staggered manner, before the installation of the next photovoltaic module, the photovoltaic panel of the previous photovoltaic module is pushed backwards, a gap is formed between the photovoltaic panel and the lower side wall of the frame group, a foothold is provided for installation of the subsequent photovoltaic modules by an installer, and before the construction of a photovoltaic module system is completed, the photovoltaic panels of all the photovoltaic modules are pushed forwards and reset. Specifically, after the installation of the following photovoltaic module is completed, the photovoltaic panel of the preceding photovoltaic module is pushed forward to reset; after all the photovoltaic modules are installed, the photovoltaic panels can be pushed forward and reset uniformly. When the photovoltaic module is replaced, the photovoltaic panel of the photovoltaic module, which is required to fall on the replacement path, is pushed backwards to provide a falling point, and after the replacement is finished, the photovoltaic panel is required to be pushed backwards for resetting.
The specific construction method of the embodiment comprises the following steps:
and the photovoltaic modules are transversely overlapped in sequence from left to right in the forefront row of the installation area, so that the installation of the first row of photovoltaic modules is completed, as shown in fig. 32. And then, mounting the second row of photovoltaic modules, and stacking the second row of photovoltaic modules on the first row of photovoltaic modules in a staggered manner. When the latter photovoltaic module is installed, the photovoltaic panel of the former photovoltaic module is pushed backwards to provide a landing point, as shown in fig. 33. And the same is also carried out from left to right in sequence until the installation of the second row of photovoltaic modules is completed, as shown in fig. 34. And the like, until the installation of the photovoltaic module system is completed, before the construction of the photovoltaic module system is completed, the photovoltaic panels of all the photovoltaic modules are pushed back to reset, as shown in fig. 35-36.
Embodiment two:
as shown in fig. 27 to 31, the present embodiment differs from the first embodiment in that:
The upper portion of the clamping portion 121 has an extending portion 122 extending forward, and a water blocking space 124 is provided between the extending portion 122 and the photovoltaic panel 1. Through the setting of manger plate space 124, play the manger plate effect, avoid the rainwater to get into photovoltaic board 1 below. The combination of the waterproof adhesive tape 11 and the water retaining piece is adopted to form the waterproof combination type waterproof adhesive tape and the waterproof structure, so that the waterproof effect is good.
The bottom plate 3 includes a plate body 31 and a baffle 34, wherein the rear end of the plate body 31 is bent upwards from the plate body 31 to form the baffle 34, the baffle 34 is connected with the first frame 21 and the second frame 22 through a fastener 7, the upper end of the anti-wind uncovering member 17 is abutted against the plate body 31 located above, and the lower end of the anti-wind uncovering member 17 is abutted against the baffle 34 located below. The baffle 34 replaces the fourth frame 27 in the first embodiment, and the baffle 34 is directly formed by integrally forming the bottom plate 3, so that the waterproof sealing performance of the plate body 31 is improved. And the convenience of installation is improved. The tamper evident structure 17 of this embodiment is concave.
The second frame 22 of the present embodiment has a second convex portion 223, the water guiding portion 213 has a second convex portion 223, and a baffle channel 15 is provided between the second convex portion 223 of the water guiding portion 213 and the second convex portion 223 of the second frame 22.
The utility model has the following advantages:
1. The structural stability is improved: the structure of the photovoltaic module frame is strengthened, innovatively optimized, the overall stability is improved, and external pressure and turbulence can be better resisted under severe weather conditions.
2. Enhancing the waterproof performance: the waterproof roof structure has the advantages that structural waterproof and multi-channel drainage matching are achieved, water can be effectively prevented from penetrating into the original roof structure, and therefore potential damage and failure risks of the original roof structure are reduced.
3. Convenient installation and later maintenance: through optimizing connected mode and design, can simplify the installation, reduce time and human cost, improve photovoltaic module's installation and later maintenance's convenience.
The above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present utility model, and are not limiting; although the utility model has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art will understand that; the technical scheme described in the foregoing embodiments can be modified or some technical features thereof can be replaced by equivalents; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present utility model.

Claims (13)

1. A photovoltaic module, characterized in that:
comprises a bottom plate, a frame group and a photovoltaic panel;
The photovoltaic panel is slidably connected in the frame group and can slide back and forth in the frame group, and when the photovoltaic panel slides back, a gap is formed between the photovoltaic panel and the front side wall of the frame group;
The bottom plate is arranged on the frame group and is positioned below the photovoltaic panel.
2. The photovoltaic module of claim 1, wherein:
the frame group comprises a first frame and a second frame;
the inner sides of the first frame and the second frame are respectively provided with a first chute;
The left side wall and the right side wall of the photovoltaic panel are both connected with auxiliary frames, and the auxiliary frames are in sliding connection with the first sliding grooves.
3. The photovoltaic module of claim 2, wherein:
The device also comprises a limiting elastic piece;
the inner sides of the first frame and the second frame are also provided with second sliding grooves which are communicated with the first sliding grooves;
the limiting elastic piece is connected to the second sliding groove in a sliding mode, and the top end of the limiting elastic piece abuts against the auxiliary frame.
4. The photovoltaic module of claim 2, wherein:
The first sliding groove is internally provided with a first limiting part, and the auxiliary frame is provided with a second limiting part matched with the first limiting part;
A first glue groove is formed in the corner in the auxiliary frame.
5. The photovoltaic module of claim 2, wherein:
the bottom plate comprises a plate body and a first clamping part;
The inner sides of the first frame and the second frame are provided with second clamping parts matched with the first clamping parts, and the plate body is detachably connected to the frame group through the matching of the first clamping parts and the second clamping parts;
the plate body is positioned below the photovoltaic plate;
the plate body is provided with a protruding block protruding upwards, and the protruding block is provided with a first installation position.
6. The photovoltaic module of claim 5, wherein:
the frame group also comprises a third frame and a fastener;
The third frame is inserted into the first sliding groove and is detachably connected with the first frame and the second frame through fasteners;
And a drainage space is arranged between the bottom plate and the third frame.
7. The photovoltaic module of claim 6, wherein:
The frame group further comprises a fourth frame;
The fourth frame is arranged on one side of the plate body, which is far away from the third frame;
the fourth frame is inserted into the first sliding groove and is detachably connected with the first frame and the second frame through fasteners;
the fourth frame is tightly attached to the plate body;
the third side frame and the fourth side frame comprise a vertical frame and a horizontal frame which are connected with each other;
The transverse frame is inserted into the first sliding groove, and the vertical frame abuts against the end parts of the first frame and the second frame.
8. The photovoltaic module of claim 6, wherein:
The waterproof adhesive tape and the water retaining piece are also included;
the bottom of the third frame is provided with a mounting groove for mounting the waterproof adhesive tape and a containing groove for containing the extruded and contracted waterproof adhesive tape;
The waterproof adhesive tape comprises an installation part and a deformation part which are connected with each other;
the mounting part is mounted in the mounting groove;
At least a part of the deformation part is positioned in the accommodating groove;
the deformation part comprises a first inclined wall, a second inclined wall and a contact wall;
One end of the first inclined wall is connected with the mounting part;
one end of the second inclined wall is connected with the contact wall;
the other end of the first inclined wall is connected with the other end of the second inclined wall;
a deformation space is formed between the mounting part and the contact wall;
The water baffle comprises a clamping part and an extending part;
the clamping part is clamped at the rear end of the photovoltaic panel, and the joint is sealed;
The upper part of the clamping part is provided with an extending part extending forwards or upwards, and a water blocking space is formed between the extending part extending forwards and the photovoltaic panel;
the inside wall of joint portion of photovoltaic board top has a plurality of second gluey grooves.
9. Photovoltaic module system, its characterized in that:
comprising a number of photovoltaic modules according to any of claims 1-8;
The photovoltaic modules adjacent in the transverse direction are mutually overlapped, and the photovoltaic modules adjacent in the longitudinal direction are stacked in a staggered manner.
10. The photovoltaic module system of claim 9, wherein:
the frame group comprises a first frame and a second frame;
the first frame of one photovoltaic module is overlapped with the second frame of the adjacent photovoltaic module;
The first frame is provided with a second groove and a first wall, and the second frame is provided with a first convex part matched with the second groove;
The second groove comprises a first groove wall surface, a second groove wall surface and a third groove wall surface;
one side of the second groove wall surface is connected with a first groove wall surface, and the other side of the second groove wall surface is connected with a third groove wall surface;
The third groove wall surface is connected with the wall surface of the second frame, which is close to the first wall, of the adjacent photovoltaic module, the connecting part is positioned above the second groove wall surface, and the first groove wall surface and the wall surface, which is close to the first wall, of the second frame of the adjacent photovoltaic module are arranged in a staggered mode.
11. The photovoltaic module system of claim 10, wherein:
The third groove wall surface is obliquely arranged;
the second frame is provided with a second wall closely attached to the first wall;
the first frame is provided with a water guide part, the water guide part is connected with the bottom end of the first wall, and a water guide space is formed between the water guide part and the second frame;
The water guide space is provided with a water outlet;
The second frame is provided with a second convex part or a third groove;
when the second frame is provided with a second convex part, the water guide part is provided with a third groove or a second convex part, and a baffling channel is arranged between the third groove or the second convex part of the water guide part and the second convex part of the second frame;
When the second frame is provided with a third groove, the water guide part is provided with a second convex part or a third groove, and a baffling channel is arranged between the second convex part or the third groove of the water guide part and the third groove of the second frame;
the frame group also comprises a third frame and a fastener;
the inner sides of the first frame and the second frame are respectively provided with a first chute;
The third frame is inserted into the first sliding groove and is detachably connected with the first frame and the second frame through fasteners;
the third frame is provided with a water inlet communicated with the water outlet;
the inside of the third frame is provided with a drainage channel which is communicated with the water inlet;
a drainage space is arranged between the bottom plate and the third frame;
a water inlet space is formed between the photovoltaic panel and the frame group;
The drainage space of the photovoltaic module located above and the water inlet space of the photovoltaic module located below are arranged up and down oppositely, so that rainwater on the bottom plate of the photovoltaic module located above passes through the drainage space of the photovoltaic module located above and enters the bottom plate of the photovoltaic module located below through the water inlet space of the photovoltaic module located below.
12. The photovoltaic module system of claim 10, wherein:
the wind-proof tearing-off member is also included;
One end of the wind-proof uncovering member is abutted against the bottom plate positioned above, and the other end of the wind-proof uncovering member is fixed or abutted against the bottom plate positioned below.
13. The photovoltaic module system of claim 12, wherein:
The bottom plate comprises a plate body, one end of the anti-uncovering member is abutted against the plate body positioned above, and the other end of the anti-uncovering member is fixed on the plate body positioned below through a fastener; or alternatively
The bottom plate comprises a plate body and a baffle, wherein one end, far away from the third frame, of the plate body is bent upwards from the plate body to form the baffle, and the baffle is connected with the first frame and the second frame through fasteners;
One end of the wind-proof uncovering member is abutted against the plate body positioned above, and the other end of the wind-proof uncovering member is abutted against the baffle plate positioned below.
CN202322664791.5U 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic module system Active CN220935110U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202322664791.5U CN220935110U (en) 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic module system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202322664791.5U CN220935110U (en) 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic module system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220935110U true CN220935110U (en) 2024-05-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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