CN220833750U - Clysis structure - Google Patents

Clysis structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220833750U
CN220833750U CN202322101907.4U CN202322101907U CN220833750U CN 220833750 U CN220833750 U CN 220833750U CN 202322101907 U CN202322101907 U CN 202322101907U CN 220833750 U CN220833750 U CN 220833750U
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enema
water tank
pipe
tube
water
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CN202322101907.4U
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廖艳均
李晓琴
王志梅
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Second Affiliated Hospital Army Medical University
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Second Affiliated Hospital Army Medical University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an enema structure, which belongs to the technical field of medical appliances and comprises an enema tube and an enema assembly, wherein the enema assembly comprises a water tank, a water inlet tube, an electric heating tube, a temperature sensor, a PLC (programmable logic controller) and a flow control valve; introducing enema into a water tank through a water inlet pipe, electrifying an electric heating pipe, heating the enema in the water tank by the electric heating pipe, monitoring the temperature of the enema in real time by a temperature sensor, sending a signal to a PLC (programmable logic controller) when the temperature of the enema reaches 39-41 ℃, controlling the electric heating pipe to be powered off by the PLC, and then enabling a medical staff to put the enema pipe into an intestinal tract for enema through anus, and controlling the flow rate of the enema through a flow control valve; the electric heating tube, the temperature sensor and the PLC are all commercial products, and the control method is the prior art; the utility model solves the problem that the temperature of the enema liquid is very troublesome to adjust when performing enema at present, and can reduce the clinical workload.

Description

Clysis structure
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of medical instruments, and provides an enema structure.
Background
The enema is a common operation in medical work, and is a treatment method for injecting liquid from anus to rectum to relax bowels and discharge air by using a catheter, can stimulate intestinal peristalsis, soften and remove faeces, has the functions of reducing temperature, hastening parturition, diluting toxic substances in intestines and reducing absorption, can also achieve the treatment purposes of supplying medicines, nutrition, moisture and the like, and is mainly used for treating gastrointestinal tract operation or other diseases requiring cleaning of intestinal tract and stool.
When a patient is subjected to enema before general surgery in a hospital, enema bags are usually used for containing enema liquid, at present, the enema bags used clinically need to be filled with hot water and cold water of 39-41 ℃, and medical staff is required to repeatedly adjust the water quantity of the hot water and the cold water to test the temperature for a plurality of times, so that the operation is very troublesome, and the clinical workload is increased.
Disclosure of utility model
Accordingly, the present utility model is directed to an enema structure, which solves the problem that the temperature of the enema is very troublesome to adjust when performing the enema, and can reduce the clinical workload.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model provides the following technical solutions:
the utility model provides an enema structure, which comprises an enema tube and an enema assembly, wherein the enema assembly comprises a water tank, a water inlet pipe, an electric heating pipe, a temperature sensor, a PLC (programmable logic controller) and a flow control valve;
The water tank is communicated with the enema tube and is positioned at the side edge of the enema tube; the water inlet pipe is communicated with the water tank and is positioned at the side edge of the water tank; the electric heating tube is arranged in the water tank; the temperature sensor is arranged inside the water tank; the PLC is electrically connected with the electric heating tube and the temperature sensor respectively and is positioned at the side edge of the water tank; the flow control valve is disposed on the enema tube.
Further, the enema assembly further comprises a water suction pipe, a water pump and a return pipe; the water suction pipe is communicated with the enema pipe and is positioned at the side edge of the enema pipe; the water pump is fixedly connected with the water tank, communicated with the water suction pipe and positioned at the side edge of the water tank; the return pipe is communicated with the water pump, is communicated with the water tank and is positioned between the water pump and the water tank.
Further, the enema assembly further comprises a one-way valve; the one-way valve is arranged on the water pumping pipe.
Further, the enema tube is provided with graduation marks; the scale marks are positioned on the side edge of the enema tube.
Further, the enema structure also comprises a damping slide block and a splash-proof shielding piece; the damping slide block is connected with the enema tube in a sliding way and is positioned at the side edge of the enema tube; the splash-proof shielding piece is fixedly connected with the damping slide block and is positioned at the side edge of the damping slide block.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1. The electric heating tube is arranged to heat the enema liquid, and the temperature sensor and the PLC are utilized to control the temperature of the enema liquid, so that the problem that the temperature of the enema liquid is very troublesome to adjust when the enema is performed at present is solved, and the clinical workload can be reduced.
2. And controlling the enema flow rate through the flow control valve, and reducing discomfort of a patient through uniform injection.
3. The length of the enema tube can be conveniently mastered by medical staff by utilizing the scale marks.
4. When a patient feels uncomfortable in the clysis process, the water pump is started to pump the residual clysis liquid in the clysis pipe through the water pumping pipe, and the clysis liquid is reintroduced into the water tank through the return pipe, so that the discomfort of the patient caused by continuous filling of the clysis liquid can be avoided.
5. The splash-proof shielding piece can prevent the patient from being suffocated due to pathological or physiological problems, so that splash enema is prevented, nursing workload is reduced, and infection is avoided.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the utility model will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the utility model. The objects and other advantages of the utility model may be realized and obtained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the specification.
Drawings
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present utility model more apparent, the present utility model will be described in the following preferred detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure of a first embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is an overall cross-sectional view of a first embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a schematic overall structure of a second embodiment of the present utility model.
Reference numerals: 1-enema tube, 2-enema subassembly, 3-water tank, 4-inlet tube, 5-electrothermal tube, 6-temperature sensor, 7-PLC controller, 8-flow control valve, 9-drinking-water pipe, 10-water pump, 11-back flow, 12-check valve, 13-scale mark, 14-damping slider, 15-splash prevention shielding piece.
Detailed Description
The utility model is further described below in connection with the following detailed description. Wherein the drawings are for illustrative purposes only and are shown in schematic, non-physical, and not intended to be limiting of the present patent; for the purpose of better illustrating embodiments of the utility model, certain elements of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced and do not represent the size of the actual product; it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted.
As shown in fig. 1-2, in which fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure of a first embodiment of the present utility model, and fig. 2 is a sectional overall view of the first embodiment of the present utility model.
The utility model provides an enema structure, which comprises an enema tube 1 and an enema assembly 2, wherein the enema assembly 2 comprises a water tank 3, a water inlet pipe 4, an electric heating pipe 5, a temperature sensor 6, a PLC controller 7, a flow control valve 8, a water suction pipe 9, a water pump 10, a return pipe 11 and a one-way valve 12; the problem that the temperature of the enema liquid is very troublesome to adjust when performing enema at present is solved through the scheme, and the clinical workload can be reduced.
For the specific embodiment, the enema tube 1 is used for introducing enema liquid into a patient for performing enema.
Wherein the water tank 3 is communicated with the enema tube 1 and is positioned at the side edge of the enema tube 1; the water inlet pipe 4 is communicated with the water tank 3 and is positioned at the side edge of the water tank 3; the electric heating tube 5 is arranged in the water tank 3; the temperature sensor 6 is arranged inside the water tank 3; the PLC 7 is respectively and electrically connected with the electric heating tube 5 and the temperature sensor 6 and is positioned at the side edge of the water tank 3; the flow control valve 8 is provided on the enema tube 1. When a patient is subjected to clysis, clysis liquid is led into the water tank 3 through the water inlet pipe 4, the electric heating pipe 5 is electrified, the electric heating pipe 5 heats the clysis liquid in the water tank 3, the temperature sensor 6 monitors the temperature of the clysis liquid in real time, when the temperature of the clysis liquid reaches 39-41 ℃, the temperature sensor 6 sends a signal to the PLC 7, the PLC 7 controls the electric heating pipe 5 to be powered off, and then medical staff can put the clysis pipe 1 into the intestinal tract through anus for clysis, and the clysis liquid flow rate is controlled through the flow control valve 8; the electric heating tube 5, the temperature sensor 6 and the PLC 7 are all commercial products, and the control method is the prior art; through the mode, the problem that the temperature of the enema liquid is very troublesome to adjust when performing enema at present is solved, and the clinical workload can be reduced.
Secondly, the water suction pipe 9 is communicated with the enema pipe 1 and is positioned at the side edge of the enema pipe 1; the water pump 10 is fixedly connected with the water tank 3, is communicated with the water suction pipe 9 and is positioned at the side edge of the water tank 3; the return pipe 11 communicates with the water pump 10 and with the water tank 3, and is located between the water pump 10 and the water tank 3. When the patient feels untimely to stop the enema in the process of the enema, the medical staff interrupts the feeding of the enema liquid by closing the flow control valve 8, but the enema liquid flowing in before closing the flow control valve 8 still exists in the enema tube 1 positioned at the left end of the flow control valve 8, at the moment, the medical staff can extract the residual enema liquid in the enema tube 1 by starting the water pump 10, and the residual enema liquid is reintroduced into the water tank 3 through the water suction tube 9 by the water pump 10, so that the discomfort of the patient caused by continuous feeding of the enema liquid can be avoided.
Meanwhile, the check valve 12 is disposed on the water pumping pipe 9. The one-way valve 12 can prevent the enema liquid in the water pumping pipe 9 from flowing back into the enema pipe 1.
In addition, the enema tube 1 is provided with graduation marks 13; the graduation marks 13 are positioned on the side edge of the enema tube 1. Since the front end of the enema tube 1 is required to be placed into the intestinal canal through the anus when performing the enema, the placement length is generally 15-25cm until reaching the sigmoid colon, and the use of the scale marks 13 can facilitate the medical staff to grasp the placement length of the enema tube 1.
The application principle of the utility model is as follows: when a patient is subjected to clysis, clysis liquid is led into the water tank 3 through the water inlet pipe 4, the electric heating pipe 5 is electrified, the electric heating pipe 5 heats the clysis liquid in the water tank 3, the temperature sensor 6 monitors the temperature of the clysis liquid in real time, when the temperature of the clysis liquid reaches 39-41 ℃, the temperature sensor 6 sends a signal to the PLC 7, the PLC 7 controls the electric heating pipe 5 to be powered off, and then medical staff can put the clysis pipe 1 into the intestinal tract through anus for clysis, and the clysis liquid flow rate is controlled through the flow control valve 8; the electric heating tube 5, the temperature sensor 6 and the PLC 7 are all commercial products, and the control method is the prior art; when a patient feels uncomfortable and needs to stop the enema in the process of the enema, medical staff stops delivering the enema liquid by closing the flow control valve 8, but the enema liquid flowing in before the flow control valve 8 is closed still exists in the enema pipe 1 positioned at the left end of the flow control valve 8, at the moment, the medical staff can pump the residual enema liquid in the enema pipe 1 by starting the water pump 10, and the water pump 10 reintroduces the enema liquid into the water tank 3 through the water suction pipe 9, so that the discomfort of the patient caused by continuous filling of the enema liquid can be avoided; through the mode, the problem that the temperature of the enema liquid is very troublesome to adjust when performing enema at present is solved, and the clinical workload can be reduced.
The second embodiment of the application is as follows:
On the basis of the first embodiment, please refer to fig. 3, wherein fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the second embodiment of the present utility model.
The utility model provides an enema structure which also comprises a damping slide block 14 and a splash-proof shielding piece 15.
For the specific embodiment, the damping slide block 14 is slidably connected with the enema tube 1 and is positioned at the side edge of the enema tube 1; the splash-proof shielding member 15 is fixedly connected with the damping slide block 14 and is positioned at the side edge of the damping slide block 14. In the clysis process, the damping slide block 14 is slid, the splash-proof shielding piece 15 is moved to the anus of a patient to be tightly attached, and the splash-proof shielding piece 15 is utilized to prevent the splash of enema liquid caused by the incapacitation of the patient due to pathology or physiological problems, so that nursing workload is reduced, and infection is avoided.
The application principle of the utility model is as follows: in the clysis process, the damping slide block 14 is slid, the splash-proof shielding piece 15 is moved to the anus of a patient to be tightly attached, and the splash-proof shielding piece 15 is utilized to prevent the splash of enema liquid caused by the incapacitation of the patient due to pathology or physiological problems, so that nursing workload is reduced, and infection is avoided. The damping slide block 14 and the enema tube 1 have larger friction force, so that the splash-proof shielding piece 15 can be prevented from moving at the anus of a patient.
Finally, it is noted that the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present utility model and not for limiting the same, and although the present utility model has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications and equivalents may be made thereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the present utility model, which is intended to be covered by the claims of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. An enema structure comprises an enema tube, and is characterized in that,
Also comprises an enema assembly;
The enema assembly comprises a water tank, a water inlet pipe, an electric heating pipe, a temperature sensor, a PLC controller and a flow control valve;
The water tank is communicated with the enema tube and is positioned at the side edge of the enema tube; the water inlet pipe is communicated with the water tank and is positioned at the side edge of the water tank; the electric heating tube is arranged in the water tank; the temperature sensor is arranged inside the water tank; the PLC is electrically connected with the electric heating tube and the temperature sensor respectively and is positioned at the side edge of the water tank; the flow control valve is disposed on the enema tube.
2. The enema structure according to claim 1, wherein,
The enema assembly further comprises a water suction pipe, a water pump and a return pipe; the water suction pipe is communicated with the enema pipe and is positioned at the side edge of the enema pipe; the water pump is fixedly connected with the water tank, communicated with the water suction pipe and positioned at the side edge of the water tank; the return pipe is communicated with the water pump, is communicated with the water tank and is positioned between the water pump and the water tank.
3. An enema structure according to claim 2, wherein,
The enema assembly further comprises a one-way valve; the one-way valve is arranged on the water pumping pipe.
4. An enema structure according to claim 3, wherein,
The enema tube is provided with scale marks; the scale marks are positioned on the side edge of the enema tube.
5. The enema structure according to claim 4, wherein,
The enema structure also comprises a damping slide block and a splash-proof shielding piece; the damping slide block is connected with the enema tube in a sliding way and is positioned at the side edge of the enema tube; the splash-proof shielding piece is fixedly connected with the damping slide block and is positioned at the side edge of the damping slide block.
CN202322101907.4U 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 Clysis structure Active CN220833750U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202322101907.4U CN220833750U (en) 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 Clysis structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202322101907.4U CN220833750U (en) 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 Clysis structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220833750U true CN220833750U (en) 2024-04-26

Family

ID=90771900

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202322101907.4U Active CN220833750U (en) 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 Clysis structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220833750U (en)

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