CN220283436U - Hoisting mechanism, wind power device thereof and full-automatic tower crane - Google Patents

Hoisting mechanism, wind power device thereof and full-automatic tower crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220283436U
CN220283436U CN202321761666.XU CN202321761666U CN220283436U CN 220283436 U CN220283436 U CN 220283436U CN 202321761666 U CN202321761666 U CN 202321761666U CN 220283436 U CN220283436 U CN 220283436U
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China
Prior art keywords
hoisting
wire rope
hoist
guide
anchor
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CN202321761666.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李子陆
孙田
才冰
赵欣
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Fushun Yongmao Construction Machinery Co ltd
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Fushun Yongmao Construction Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

The application discloses a hoisting mechanism, which belongs to the technical field of hoisting machinery and comprises a high-position anchor point, a steel wire rope and a hoisting unit; the hoisting unit comprises a winch and a hoisting structure, the lower end of the steel wire rope is wound on the winch, the upper end of the steel wire rope is fixed at the high-level anchor point, and the hoisting structure is arranged on the winch; the lifting mechanism, namely the hoist in the application, is directly connected to the heavy object, and the hoist and the heavy object are lifted together through one or more steel wire ropes, so that the construction procedures of many traditional lifting mechanisms are omitted, such as manually conveying the lifting mechanism parts to a high place, or lifting the parts to the high place by means of other constructed lifting mechanisms, or lifting the parts to the high place by means of the hydraulic lifting mechanism step by step, and the construction difficulty is certainly increased by the methods.

Description

Hoisting mechanism, wind power device thereof and full-automatic tower crane
Technical Field
The application belongs to the technical field of hoisting machinery, and particularly relates to a hoisting mechanism, a wind power device using the hoisting mechanism and a full-automatic tower crane.
Background
The lifting mechanism is electromechanical equipment for vertically lifting or vertically lifting and horizontally moving a weight and generally comprises a frame and a lifting mechanism, wherein the frame is vertically arranged on the ground, the lifting mechanism is arranged at the top of the frame, the lifting mechanism releases a rope, and the lifting mechanism lifts after the lower end of the rope is fixed with the weight;
in actual operation, the structure has the problem of difficult erection, such as an offshore wind power device, and fan accessories are required to be replaced after the offshore wind power device is used for many years, because core components are all arranged at the top of the wind power device, the altitude is about 100 meters, the fan accessories are large in size and heavy, a winch is arranged at the top of the wind power device in the conventional way, the accessories are pulled up through the winch, but the weight of the winch is large, and the transportation is difficult and heavy.
Disclosure of Invention
One of the purposes of this application is to provide a hoisting mechanism, its one changes the overhead mode of traditional hoisting mechanism, with hoisting mechanism that is hoist engine lug connection in this application in the heavy object, promote self and heavy object in the lump through one or more wire rope, save many traditional hoisting mechanism's the process of building, like the manual work carries hoisting mechanism part to the eminence, perhaps with the help of other hoisting mechanism that have built with the part lift to the eminence, perhaps with the help of hydraulic jacking mechanism step by step with the part lift to the eminence, these practices have certainly all increased the difficulty of building.
In order to solve the technical problem that the lifting mechanism is difficult to build in the prior art, the application provides a lifting mechanism which comprises a high-position anchor point, a steel wire rope and a hoisting unit; the high-position anchor point is arranged at a high position, the hoisting unit comprises a hoist and a hoisting structure, the lower end of the steel wire rope is wound on the hoist, the upper end of the steel wire rope is fixed at the high-position anchor point, and the hoisting structure is arranged on the hoist.
Further, the application provides a hoisting mechanism, wherein, hoisting structure is one or more in lifting hook, manipulator, hoist cable.
Further, the application provides a hoisting mechanism, wherein still includes balanced frame, the hoist engine install in the balanced frame, the leading wheel is installed to balanced frame upper end, wire rope's upper end walk around the leading wheel connect in high-order anchor point.
Further, the application provides a hoisting mechanism, wherein still includes the multi-wheel hoisting tackle, the multi-wheel hoisting tackle install in high anchor point, wire rope upper end around in the multi-wheel hoisting tackle, the lower extreme connect in the hoist engine.
Further, the application provides a hoisting mechanism, wherein, multi-wheeled hoisting tackle includes coaster and lower coaster, go up the coaster install in high-order anchor point, the hoist engine install in lower coaster, wire rope upper end coil in lower coaster with go up between the coaster.
Further, the application provides a hoisting mechanism, wherein, still includes the guide, the guide include crab-bolt, lower crab-bolt, direction wire rope and set up in the guiding mouth of hoist engine, go up the crab-bolt and install in high-order anchor point, the crab-bolt is installed in ground down, direction wire rope lower extreme is connected in lower crab-bolt, upper end run through the guiding mouth and tensioning connect in go up the crab-bolt.
Further, the application provides a hoisting mechanism, wherein still include a plurality of pairs of guide roller, every pair of gyro wheel relatively install in the guiding mouth, the wire rope that leads is clamped between every pair of guide roller.
The second purpose of the application is to provide a wind power device, wherein the lifting mechanism is installed, and the maintenance component can be lifted up only by fixing the upper end of the steel wire rope at the top end of the wind power device.
The third purpose of this application is to provide a full-automatic tower machine, and it installs above-mentioned hoisting mechanism, only needs to be fixed in the tower top with wire rope upper end and can easily hoist and mount the heavy object, need not to lift hoisting mechanism step by step to the top of the tower through hydraulic jacking mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, the lifting mechanism has the following advantages: the winding action lifts the hoist and the heavy object together, so that the construction procedure of a lifting mechanism in the traditional lifting mechanism is omitted, and the working efficiency is remarkably improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a first embodiment of a lifting mechanism according to the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of a lifting mechanism according to the present application;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the partial structure of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a third embodiment of a lifting mechanism according to the present application;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a wind power plant with a lifting mechanism used in the present application;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a fully automatic tower crane with a lifting mechanism.
Wherein: 1. a high-order anchor point; 2. a wire rope; 3. a hoist; 4. a hoisting structure; 5. an upper anchor bolt; 6. a lower anchor bolt; 7. guiding the steel wire rope; 8. a guide opening; 9. a guide roller; 10. an upper pulley; 11. a lower pulley; 12. a balancing frame; 13. and a guide wheel.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model. In the description of the present utility model, it should be noted that the directions or positional relationships indicated by the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "both ends", "one end", "the other end", etc. are based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of describing the present utility model and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific direction, be configured and operated in the specific direction, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present utility model. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like, are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "provided," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, and may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected, for example; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and can be communication between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present utility model will be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, the embodiment provides a hoisting mechanism, which comprises a high-position anchor point 1, a steel wire rope 2 and a hoisting unit; the high-level anchor point 1 is arranged at a high position, the hoisting unit comprises a hoist 3 and a hoisting structure 4, the lower end of the steel wire rope 2 is wound on the hoist 3, the upper end of the steel wire rope is fixed on the high-level anchor point 1, and the hoisting structure 4 is arranged on the hoist 3; the hoisting structure 4 is one or more of a lifting hook, a mechanical arm and a sling, and the lifting hook is adopted in the embodiment; in addition, the hoisting machine further comprises a balance frame 12, the hoisting machine 3 is arranged in the balance frame 12, a guide wheel 13 is arranged at the upper end of the balance frame 12, and the upper end of the steel wire rope 2 bypasses the guide wheel 13 and is connected with the high-position anchor point 1.
When the article is lifted to a high place, only a bracket is erected on the top of the building, the steel wire rope 2 is conveyed to the top of the building, the upper end of the steel wire rope 2 is fixed on the bracket, the lower end of the steel wire rope is extended down and wound around the winch 3 fixed on the ground, the article is hung on the lifting hook, then the winch 3 is started, the article and the heavy object climb upwards together with the operation of the winch 3,
example 2
The difference between this embodiment and embodiment 1 is that a guide member is added, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, in order to enhance the stability of the hoist 3, the guide member includes an upper anchor 5, a lower anchor 6, a guide wire rope 7, and a guide opening 8 opened on the hoist 3, the upper anchor 5 is fixed to a bracket, the lower anchor 6 is fixed to the ground, the guide wire rope 7 is tensioned between the upper anchor 5 and the lower anchor 6, and the guide wire rope 7 penetrates through the guide opening 8; as a preferable scheme of the embodiment, a plurality of pairs of guide rollers 9 are longitudinally arranged in the guide opening 8, and the guide wire rope 7 is clamped between each pair of guide rollers 9; the other structures are the same as those of embodiment 1, and are not described here.
Example 3
When an object with larger weight is hoisted, as shown in fig. 4, a multi-wheel hoisting tackle is additionally arranged on the high-position anchor point 1, the upper end of the steel wire rope 2 is wound on the multi-wheel hoisting tackle, the lower end of the steel wire rope 2 is connected with the hoist 3, the multi-wheel hoisting tackle comprises an upper tackle 10 and a lower tackle 11, the upper tackle 10 is arranged on the high-position anchor point 1, the hoist 3 is arranged on the lower tackle 11, and the upper end of the steel wire rope 2 is wound between the lower tackle 11 and the upper tackle 10; the other technical solutions are the same as in embodiment 2, and are not described in detail here.
As shown in fig. 5, the present embodiment also provides a wind power plant, which is provided with the lifting mechanism in embodiment 1; when the wind power plant needs to be maintained for replacement parts in the later stage, a bracket can be optionally erected on the top of the wind power plant, and a steel wire rope 2 can be downwards extended along the bracket, so that the replacement parts can be lifted to the top of the wind power plant as in the embodiment 1.
As shown in fig. 6, the present embodiment also provides a fully automatic tower crane, which is provided with the lifting mechanism in embodiment 1; the full-automatic tower crane provided by the embodiment is characterized in that a tower column is erected at first, a crane boom of the tower crane is built around the tower column by using a ground crane to complete the construction of the tower column, the crane boom is connected to a lifting hook of a winch 3, and the crane boom is lifted to the required height along with the operation of the winch 3 and is built after being manually fixed.
Finally, what is to be described is: the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present utility model and not for limiting the same, and although the present utility model has been described in detail with reference to the examples, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications and equivalents may be made thereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solution of the present utility model, which is intended to be covered by the scope of the claims of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. The hoisting mechanism is characterized by comprising a high-position anchor point, a steel wire rope and a hoisting unit; the high-position anchor point is arranged at a high position, the hoisting unit comprises a hoist and a hoisting structure, the lower end of the steel wire rope is wound on the hoist, the upper end of the steel wire rope is fixed at the high-position anchor point, and the hoisting structure is arranged on the hoist.
2. The lifting mechanism of claim 1, wherein the lifting structure is one or more of a hook, a robot, a sling.
3. The hoisting mechanism of claim 1, further comprising a balancing frame, wherein the hoist is mounted in the balancing frame, wherein a guide wheel is mounted at an upper end of the balancing frame, and wherein an upper end of the wire rope bypasses the guide wheel and is connected to the high anchor point.
4. The hoisting mechanism of claim 1 further comprising a multi-wheel hoisting block mounted to the high anchor, the wire rope having an upper end wound around the multi-wheel hoisting block and a lower end connected to the hoist.
5. The hoisting mechanism of claim 4 wherein the multi-wheeled hoisting trolley comprises an upper trolley and a lower trolley, the upper trolley being mounted to the high anchor point, the hoist being mounted to the lower trolley, the wire rope upper end being wound between the lower trolley and the upper trolley.
6. The hoisting mechanism according to any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising a guide member, wherein the guide member comprises an upper anchor, a lower anchor, a guide wire rope and a guide opening formed in the hoist, the upper anchor is mounted at a high-level anchor, the lower anchor is mounted on the ground, and the lower end of the guide wire rope is connected to the lower anchor, and the upper end of the guide wire rope penetrates through the guide opening and is in tensioning connection with the upper anchor.
7. The hoisting mechanism of claim 6 further comprising a plurality of pairs of guide rollers, each pair of guide rollers being oppositely mounted to the guide opening, the guide wire rope being clamped between each pair of guide rollers.
8. A wind power plant, characterized in that a hoisting mechanism according to any one of claims 1-6 is mounted.
9. A fully automatic tower crane, characterized in that a hoisting mechanism according to any one of claims 1-6 is installed.
CN202321761666.XU 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 Hoisting mechanism, wind power device thereof and full-automatic tower crane Active CN220283436U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321761666.XU CN220283436U (en) 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 Hoisting mechanism, wind power device thereof and full-automatic tower crane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321761666.XU CN220283436U (en) 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 Hoisting mechanism, wind power device thereof and full-automatic tower crane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220283436U true CN220283436U (en) 2024-01-02

Family

ID=89336271

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321761666.XU Active CN220283436U (en) 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 Hoisting mechanism, wind power device thereof and full-automatic tower crane

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220283436U (en)

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