CN2199911Y - Small size high effective endless-track tractor - Google Patents

Small size high effective endless-track tractor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2199911Y
CN2199911Y CN 94210788 CN94210788U CN2199911Y CN 2199911 Y CN2199911 Y CN 2199911Y CN 94210788 CN94210788 CN 94210788 CN 94210788 U CN94210788 U CN 94210788U CN 2199911 Y CN2199911 Y CN 2199911Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tractor
transmission
small size
gear
loading
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 94210788
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
葛树欣
吕万腾
刘仁昌
王红捷
雒
单华
李文博
黄瑞财
赵永佩
董文君
周天军
金中喜
张仁远
郑莉萍
刘祖鉴
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JILIN ACADEMY OF FORESTRY
Original Assignee
JILIN ACADEMY OF FORESTRY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JILIN ACADEMY OF FORESTRY filed Critical JILIN ACADEMY OF FORESTRY
Priority to CN 94210788 priority Critical patent/CN2199911Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2199911Y publication Critical patent/CN2199911Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a small size high effective endless-track tractor, belonging to the field of small size crawler tractors. The tractor of the utility model is characterized in that the travel mechanism of the tractor is an elastic suspension balance type crawler travelling system structure, the embarking device of the tractor is a single rocking bar travelling structure supported by rollers, a transmission system and a winch machine are a direct transmission parallel output universal shaft coupling, and a rear axle body is a central transmission mechanism. The complete machine has favorable use performances, which is suitable for completing the operation of intermediate cutting, collecting and conveying of materials in mountains.

Description

Small size high effective endless-track tractor
A kind of small-sized efficient forest culture and management log tractor belongs to the category of kitten.
The operation of forest culture and management tending and intermittent cutting of forest transporting something containerized material is the important step of production of forestry.Timber yield changes and reduces along with the forest reserves, and the proportion of tending and intermittent cutting of forest material significantly improves, and has become the main source that timber is produced.The special-purpose trac. of the original transporting something containerized material that uses of production of forestry, because power is big, body is heavy, can't directly enter block's operation, build the skid road, and the production operation of forest culture and management tending and intermittent cutting of forest had not only been increased operating cost but also influenced the raising of block's timber reserves.Overweight body destroys seriously the block face of land, and the injury treelet is increased the weight of resources loss.Because thinnings footpath level is less, uses big-and-middle-sized log tractor, the waste oil consumption also influences the raising of economy index.
The Chinese patent communique has been reported various compact tractors, but the report that relates to the track type tractor complete machine is few, and CN2070705U has reported a kind of caterpillar tractor correction guide wheel, and CN2088071U has reported a kind of strain D/W creeper undercarriage.
Use though the agricultural crawler-tread tractor of fraction horsepower is existing, it is not suitable for the operation of forest culture and management transporting something containerized material fully, and its crawler travel architecture is difficult to adapt to mountain region MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY operation because the crack, ground is little, and the climbing obstacle climbing ability is poor, has a strong impact on transporting something containerized material operating efficiency.Equipments such as necessary capstan engine of transporting something containerized material operation and board mounting also can't be set on its structure.The operation of mountain region transporting something containerized material is different from the operation of farmland traction facility, the fraction horsepower crawler-tread tractor is used for the operation of mountain region transporting something containerized material, can its tractive output loss satisfy operating needs, also seldom relating in theory in the past, be structural theory and the characteristics that need according to existing crawler-tread tractor, comprehensive Development and design goes out to be fit to fraction horsepower log tractor Running System structure, and complete machine totally carried out the Rational structure layout, the appropriate equipments such as corresponding capstan engine and board mounting that are provided with, make complete machine have good in-use performance, finishing the operation of mountain region transporting something containerized thinnings, is purpose to obtain economic optimum and social benefit.
The design's purpose is to be foundation with existing crawler-tread tractor structural theory and characteristics, develops the traveling gear that is fit to the fraction horsepower log tractor, and equipments such as corresponding capstan engine and board mounting are set, and releases a kind of efficient forest culture and management log tractor of suitable type.
The design's small-sized efficient forest culture and management log tractor is characterised in that its traveling gear is a kind of resilient suspension bogie type crawler belt traveling architecture, its loading device is a kind of single rocking bar, the roller wheel bearing moving structure, and transmission system is a kind of through-coupling, parallel output with capstan engine, the drive mechanism that versatile spindle links.
Following conjunction with figs. is narrated in more detail to the design's the above-mentioned constructional feature of small-sized efficient forest culture and management log tractor.
Fig. 1 is the complete machine structure scheme drawing
Fig. 2 is the Running System structural representation
Fig. 3 is the loading device scheme drawing
Fig. 4 is transmission system and capstan engine scheme drawing
1 is traveling gear among the figure, the 2nd, and draw gear, the 3rd, main gear, the 4th, final transmission, the 5th, loading device, the 6th, hook, the 7th, capstan engine, the 8th, electrical equipment assembly, the 9th, tool box, the 10th, operator's saddle, the 11st, power-transfer clutch and change speed gear box, the 12nd, steering unit, the 13rd, operator's compartment, the 14th, fuel tank, the 15th, case, 16 mudwinges, the 17th, diesel engine, the 18th, frame, the 19th, lower back panel spring assembly, 20 drive wheels, 21 journal stirrups, 22 caterpillar wheels, 23 little equilibrium arms, 24 big equilibrium arms, 25 supporting-roller shaft, 26 pole sockets, 27 adjusting levers, 28 tensioning springs, 29 pilot bars, 30 front end-plate spring assembly, 31 guide holders, 32 tension wheels, 33 caterpillar blocks, 34 wheel shafts, 35 bearing pins, 36 sleeves, 37 support rollers, 38 bearing pins, 39 wheel shafts, 40 bearing pins, 41 live axles, the 47th, pulley, 48 supports, 49 journal stirrups, 50 rocking bars, 51 journal stirrups, 52 limiting stoppers, 53 supports, 54 bearing pins, 55 rollers, 56 board mountings, 60 power-transfer clutch cases, 61 change speed gear boxs, 62 shifter bars, 63 universal joint shafts, 64 change speed gear boxs, 65 reels, 66 worm gear reducers, 67 universal joint shafts, 68 main gear casees, 69 left and right sides plate disc brakies, 70 left and right sides final gearboxes, 71 axle drive shafts.
Fig. 1 complete machine structure. Be fixed on the both sides of frame (18) with the walking mechanism (1) of resilient suspension balanced type. Be connected with final transmission (4) in the rear end of frame, link to each other with walking mechanism by live axle. The power output of diesel engine (17) passes to respectively the back axle of winch (7) and central transmission (3) through clutch and gearbox (11), and passes to whole transmission about dividing. By the rolling wheel support that draw-gear (2) and loading device (5) are housed, loading device is parked by the hook (6) that is fixed on driver's cabin (13) column and is pinned on the final gearbox body. Other each assemblies such as operating mechanism (12) and fuel tank (14), case (15), dashboard (16) all are separately fixed at and consist of complete machine on the frame.
Fig. 2 Running System structure. It is a kind of resilient suspension balanced type crawler belt traveling architecture. Power transmission drives driving wheel (20) by the output shaft (41) of whole transmission (4). The every side of equalizer elastic suspension has four groups of thrust wheels (22) to link to each other with little counter-jib (23) by wheel shaft (39), little counter-jib links to each other with big counter-jib (24) by bearing pin (38), two groups of flat springs are fixed respectively at big counter-jib two ends, end plate groups of springs (19) links to each other with the journal stirrup (21) that welds on frame (18) by bearing pin (40), front end-plate groups of springs (30) links to each other with a kind of slideway guide holder (31) with journal stirrup by bearing pin (35), guide holder (31) is fixed by bolts on the frame (18), guide post (29) front end in the guide holder links to each other with regulating wheel (32) by wheel shaft (34), adjusting lever (27) and tensioning spring (28) are equipped with in the rear end, and the adjusting lever rear end is by welding the pole socket (26) on frame. When making regulating wheel stressed, can flexibility and reliability move along the guide post direction. Reasonably locations of structures and stress have the advantages that simplified structure is conveniently debug again use. Creeper tread (33) is the monoblock type casting Steel construction, the top crawler belt is held by one group of support roller (37) that is fixed on the frame, and the big counter-jib in tractor both sides links together by sleeve (36).
Fig. 3 loading device. A kind of single rocking bar, the roller wheel bearing moving structure. Lifting spoke degree changes when being conducive to reduce the displacement of lift-launch face, guarantees to automatically reset in the operation of strand collection. Two lower hinges of parallel frame posture rocking bar (50) are fixed on the rack table by journal stirrup (51), and two upper hinges link to each other with the board mounting frame front end by journal stirrup (49). Supported by the support (48) with block rubber on the frame during board mounting stand, and pinned by the hook (6) that is fixed on the driver's cabin rear column. During the operation of strand collection, open hook and put down board mounting (56), be supported on the slideway of board mounting by two groups of rollers (55), have enough bearing capacitys, roller is fixed on the final drive housing of both sides by bearing pin (54) and support (53). Board mounting puts down extreme position and is determined by limited block (52). Be lifted with assembly pulley (47) on the board mounting stand column and beam, the cable wire of winch (7) draws strand collection timber by pulley.
Fig. 4 is transmission system and capstan engine.Be a kind of through-coupling, parallel output, the versatile spindle connection structure.Change speed gear box (61) links into an integrated entity by the same diesel engine of power-transfer clutch case (60) (17), handles shifter bar (62) and realizes advance five grades and slow astern shelves speed change, and change speed gear box adopts garden stud wheel transmission (3 * 2) composition formula.Engine power is exported by imput shaft and driven axle respectively through power-transfer clutch and change speed gear box, and the power of imput shaft output is through universal joint shaft (63) input capstan engine.The power of driven axle output is through universal joint shaft (67) input main gear case (68).Input capstan engine power drives reel (65) work through change speed gear box (64) and worm gear reducer (66).The power of input main gear case is through the steering gear of a pair of garden finishing bevel gear cuter and two groups of band denture clutchs, and plate disc brake (69) and left and right sides final gearbox (70) drive Running System work via axle drive shaft (71) and finish trac. and walk to the left and right to divide supplementary biography.
Utility model is compared with present technology has new characteristics.Because complete machine power is less, and each main stressed member is all adopted box-structure, reduce the weight of complete machine.Rationally determine track shoe width and ground contact length, reduce drive power losses.Strive for simplification satisfying under the operating needs prerequisite, each bilge construction, capstan engine is taked to reduce gear and manpower is put rope automatically, take manpower to open hook to board mounting and put down and twist to concentrate to automatically reset to wait and all reach convenient use cost-cutting, guarantee the purpose of reliable operation.For adapting to the complicated abominable operating condition of mountain region forest culture and management transporting something containerized material, adopt resilient suspension bogie type running mechanism, effectively improve crack, ground height, improve the complete machine through performance.Each bilge construction strained condition is calculated comprehensively and tested, and each assembly structure position of reasonable disposition makes each bilge construction stressed rationally, improves service life.
Realizing the best way of this (invention) utility model, is whole design papers and the technological document data of transferring the possession of this achievement.
Embodiment: can provide an embodiment of the present utility model by following parameter.
Complete machine size (length)
2880×1260×1850(mm)
Gauge 1040mm
Wheelbase 1120mm
Road clearance 295mm
25 ° of angle of attachs
32 ° of leave angles
Minimum turning radius 0.62m
Level is by radius 1.86m
Vertical 25 ° of gradient
Horizontal 10 °
Each retaining speed (2.08,2.46,3.89,5.62,8.80) km/h that advances
Retreat 3.02km/h
Architecture quality 1660kg
Minimum service property (quality) 1760kg
Rated drawbar pull 10250(N)
Capstan engine tractive force 15000(N)
The vertical a 1050mm of center of gravity coordinate
Horizontal e 11mm
Height h 520mm
Track shoe width 200mm
Ground contact length 1233mm
Engine type 195G
Rating horsepower/speed 8.8kw/2200r/min
Capstan engine
Rope diameter 12.5mm
Length 30m
Drum diameter 120mm
Winch hauling speed 0.32m/s.
Board mounting width 1200mm
92 ° of framework pivot angles

Claims (1)

1, a kind of small-sized efficient forest culture and management log tractor, comprise traveling gear, loading device, capstan engine and transmission system is characterized in that said traveling gear is a kind of resilient suspension bogie type crawler belt traveling architecture, and loading device is a kind of single rocking bar, the roller wheel bearing moving structure, transmission system and capstan engine are a kind of through-couplings, parallel output, the drive mechanism that versatile spindle links.
CN 94210788 1994-05-12 1994-05-12 Small size high effective endless-track tractor Expired - Fee Related CN2199911Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 94210788 CN2199911Y (en) 1994-05-12 1994-05-12 Small size high effective endless-track tractor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 94210788 CN2199911Y (en) 1994-05-12 1994-05-12 Small size high effective endless-track tractor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2199911Y true CN2199911Y (en) 1995-06-07

Family

ID=33828102

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 94210788 Expired - Fee Related CN2199911Y (en) 1994-05-12 1994-05-12 Small size high effective endless-track tractor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2199911Y (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100389041C (en) * 2006-07-08 2008-05-21 应宁宁 Full terrain rail crawler wheel for four wheel vehicles
CN102889117A (en) * 2011-07-18 2013-01-23 卡特彼勒林业产品公司 Engine cooling system
CN102901694A (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-01-30 杭州富铭环境科技有限公司 Filter membrane conveying system
CN104163212A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 江苏爱凯农业装备制造有限公司 Crawler-type high ground clearance tractor
CN104228989A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-24 姚铭浪 Caterpillar band for simple and convenient mountain forest transport machine
CN104477263A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-01 重庆华世丹机械制造有限公司 Manual tipping-bucket transfer vehicle
CN106232464A (en) * 2014-04-25 2016-12-14 蓬塞有限公司 Crawler unit unit and forestry machinery
CN106942188A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-07-14 安徽农业大学 A kind of caterpillar band self-propelled Intelligent hot mist machine
CN109094674A (en) * 2018-09-29 2018-12-28 北京力升高科科技有限公司 A kind of submissive track suspension system

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100389041C (en) * 2006-07-08 2008-05-21 应宁宁 Full terrain rail crawler wheel for four wheel vehicles
CN102889117A (en) * 2011-07-18 2013-01-23 卡特彼勒林业产品公司 Engine cooling system
CN102889117B (en) * 2011-07-18 2016-12-21 卡特彼勒林业产品公司 Engine-cooling system
CN102901694A (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-01-30 杭州富铭环境科技有限公司 Filter membrane conveying system
CN106232464B (en) * 2014-04-25 2019-03-29 蓬塞有限公司 Crawler unit unit and forestry machinery
CN106232464A (en) * 2014-04-25 2016-12-14 蓬塞有限公司 Crawler unit unit and forestry machinery
CN104163212A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 江苏爱凯农业装备制造有限公司 Crawler-type high ground clearance tractor
CN104163212B (en) * 2014-08-01 2016-06-29 江苏爱凯农业装备制造有限公司 Crawler type high-arch tractor
CN104228989A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-24 姚铭浪 Caterpillar band for simple and convenient mountain forest transport machine
CN104477263A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-01 重庆华世丹机械制造有限公司 Manual tipping-bucket transfer vehicle
CN106942188A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-07-14 安徽农业大学 A kind of caterpillar band self-propelled Intelligent hot mist machine
CN109094674A (en) * 2018-09-29 2018-12-28 北京力升高科科技有限公司 A kind of submissive track suspension system
CN109094674B (en) * 2018-09-29 2020-01-10 北京力升高科科技有限公司 Compliant caterpillar suspension system

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee