CN219699018U - Automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment - Google Patents

Automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219699018U
CN219699018U CN202320677173.1U CN202320677173U CN219699018U CN 219699018 U CN219699018 U CN 219699018U CN 202320677173 U CN202320677173 U CN 202320677173U CN 219699018 U CN219699018 U CN 219699018U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
clamp
assembly
kang
conveying
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Active
Application number
CN202320677173.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余贝
谭方利
闫伸
卢志伟
何阳
伍绍龙
李良勇
彭曙光
赵辉革
李武进
王灿
阳正林
何泽仁
侯建林
代献波
赵阿娟
张庆富
杨兴
樊士军
万定海
陈洪浪
刘昭伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changsha Co Of Hunan Tobacco Co
Chenzhou Co Ltd Of Hunan Tobacco Co ltd
Hunan Xindi New Energy Technology Co ltd
Hunan Co Of China National Tobacco Corp
Original Assignee
Changsha Co Of Hunan Tobacco Co
Chenzhou Co Ltd Of Hunan Tobacco Co ltd
Hunan Xindi New Energy Technology Co ltd
Hunan Co Of China National Tobacco Corp
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Application filed by Changsha Co Of Hunan Tobacco Co, Chenzhou Co Ltd Of Hunan Tobacco Co ltd, Hunan Xindi New Energy Technology Co ltd, Hunan Co Of China National Tobacco Corp filed Critical Changsha Co Of Hunan Tobacco Co
Priority to CN202320677173.1U priority Critical patent/CN219699018U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN219699018U publication Critical patent/CN219699018U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment, which comprises a tobacco braiding device and a kang feeding mechanism; the tobacco braiding device comprises a frame mechanism, a tobacco tray mechanism and a tobacco clamping mechanism, wherein the tobacco tray mechanism and the tobacco clamping mechanism are arranged on the frame mechanism, the tobacco tray mechanism carries out automatic tobacco feeding on tobacco leaves, and the tobacco clamping mechanism carries out braiding and clamping on the tobacco leaves; and the kang feeding mechanism conveys the braided tobacco leaves to tobacco leaf baking equipment. According to the automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment, the tobacco braiding device is arranged to realize automatic braiding and clamping of tobacco leaves, and the kang feeding mechanism is arranged to convey the braided tobacco leaves to the tobacco leaf baking equipment, so that the number of operators is effectively reduced, and the production efficiency of tobacco leaf braiding and kang feeding is improved.

Description

Automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of tobacco leaf processing machinery, in particular to automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment.
Background
The tobacco braiding and the tobacco feeding are the preparation work in the early stage of tobacco baking, and are the most complicated and key links in the tobacco production; meanwhile, the method is one of the working procedures with high production labor intensity and the greatest labor consumption. Wherein:
(1) The tobacco braiding is a preparation work in the early stage of tobacco baking, is the most complicated and key link in tobacco production, most of fresh tobacco leaf tobacco braiding processes at the present stage adopt comb-type tobacco clamping tobacco braiding or tobacco stem tobacco braiding, 8 people are needed for tobacco braiding, one kang of tobacco needs to work for about 6 hours, and tobacco braiding staff are intensive; the existing problems of simple tobacco programming equipment, uneven wind speed of leaf tips in a room, energy waste caused by lengthening the baking time of whole room tobacco due to inconsistent drying time of the tobacco during baking and larger quality difference of the prepared tobacco due to inconsistent moisture content of the tobacco during the whole room tobacco preparation exist.
(2) The comb-type tobacco clamp is a tobacco braiding tool and consists of comb-type tobacco forks and U-shaped clamps. The comb-shaped tobacco fork is similar to a wooden comb, steel needles arranged on the comb-shaped tobacco fork are used for penetrating tobacco leaves, and the tobacco leaves are fixed through clamping of the comb-shaped tobacco fork and the clamping. And (5) after the tobacco braiding is finished, feeding the comb-shaped tobacco clamps into a curing barn for curing tobacco leaves, namely feeding the tobacco leaves into a kang. The existing tobacco curing barn is provided with a plurality of layers of limit grooves for embedding two ends of a tobacco feeding clamp from top to bottom so as to realize the maximum utilization of the curing barn.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on the defects in the prior art, the utility model provides automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment, which can effectively reduce the labor force, reduce the tobacco damage and improve the tobacco filling and baking quality.
The utility model provides automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment, which comprises a tobacco braiding device and a kang feeding mechanism; the tobacco braiding device comprises a frame mechanism, a tobacco tray mechanism and a tobacco clamping mechanism, wherein the tobacco tray mechanism and the tobacco clamping mechanism are arranged on the frame mechanism, the tobacco tray mechanism carries out automatic tobacco feeding on tobacco leaves, and the tobacco clamping mechanism carries out braiding and clamping on the tobacco leaves; and the kang feeding mechanism conveys the braided tobacco leaves to tobacco leaf baking equipment.
Optionally, the cigarette tray mechanism comprises a driving component arranged on the frame mechanism and a cigarette tray connected with the driving end of the driving component; the driving assembly can drive the cigarette tray to move along the horizontal direction, so that the cigarette tray can be converted between a cigarette loading station and a cigarette clamping station.
Optionally, the drive assembly and the cigarette tray are equipped with two sets of one-to-one setting, and two sets of cigarette trays are through the drive of two sets of drive assembly to be close to each other or the direction displacement that is kept away from each other along the horizontal direction.
Optionally, the tobacco clamp mechanism comprises a tobacco clamp translation assembly, an upper tobacco clamp bin and a lower tobacco clamp bin; the tobacco clamp translation assembly comprises a first translation assembly and a second translation assembly which are respectively arranged corresponding to the upper tobacco clamp bin and the lower tobacco clamp bin; the upper tobacco clamp bin and the lower tobacco clamp bin are both arranged on the workbench, a channel which is convenient for the tobacco clamp translation assembly to pass through is arranged between the upper tobacco clamp bin and the workbench, a plurality of upper tobacco clamps can be arranged on the upper tobacco clamp bin, and the upper tobacco clamps can be pushed to the tobacco clamp stations one by one through the first translation assembly; the lower tobacco clamp bin can be provided with a plurality of lower tobacco clamps, and the lower tobacco clamps can be pushed to the tobacco clamping stations one by one through the second translation assemblies.
Optionally, the first translation assembly includes a first translation plate and a first driver; the upper tobacco clamp bin comprises an upper tobacco clamp bin main body, and the upper tobacco clamp is provided with a plurality of pieces which are all arranged on the upper tobacco clamp bin main body; the first translation plate pushes the upper tobacco clamp to move to the tobacco clamping station along the horizontal direction under the drive of the first driving piece.
Optionally, the second translation assembly includes a second translation plate and a second driver; the lower tobacco clamp bin comprises a lower tobacco clamp bin main body, and the lower tobacco clamp is provided with a plurality of pieces which are all arranged on the lower tobacco clamp bin main body; the second translation plate pushes the lower tobacco clamp to move to the tobacco clamping station along the horizontal direction under the drive of the second driving piece.
Optionally, the cigarette clamping mechanism further comprises a cigarette clamping overturning lifting assembly; the cigarette clamping overturning lifting assembly comprises a first cigarette clamping assembly, a second cigarette clamping assembly and two groups of overturning assemblies which are respectively arranged corresponding to the first cigarette clamping assembly and the second cigarette clamping assembly; the overturning assembly clamps and overturns the upper tobacco clamp or the lower tobacco clamp respectively; the first tobacco clamping component is displaced along the height direction and is used for moving the upper tobacco clamp and tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp; the second tobacco clamping component is used for moving the lower tobacco clamp and tobacco leaves clamped by the lower tobacco clamp along the height direction, so that the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp are clamped.
Optionally, the tobacco clamp mechanism further comprises a tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism; the tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism comprises a lifting bracket, a supporting arm support, a grabbing driving piece, a grabbing clamp and a translating driving structure; the lifting support is arranged on the frame mechanism; the support arm support is movably arranged on the lifting support, and the translation driving structure drives the support arm support to move on the lifting support along the horizontal direction; the fixed end of the grabbing driving piece is arranged on the supporting arm frame, and the grabbing clamp is arranged on the driving end of the grabbing driving piece and used for driving the grabbing clamp to grab tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp, the lower tobacco clamp and the upper tobacco clamp.
Optionally, the kang feeding mechanism comprises a kang feeding frame, a conveying assembly and a conveying adjusting assembly; the kang feeding frame comprises a frame body, a second traveling wheel set arranged at the bottom of the frame body and a supporting table arranged on the frame body; the conveying assembly is arranged on the supporting table and is used for conveying the tobacco leaves after warp knitting and clamping; the conveying adjusting assembly is arranged on the supporting table and used for adjusting the included angle between the conveying assembly and the supporting table.
Optionally, the conveying assembly includes a conveying arm frame and a conveying member mounted on the conveying arm frame; the conveying piece is arranged into a chain conveying structure; the conveying arm support is a telescopic arm support, one end of the conveying arm support is connected with the tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism, and the other end of the conveying arm support is connected with tobacco leaf baking equipment; the conveying adjusting assembly comprises an adjusting arm support and an adjusting driving piece; one end of the adjusting arm support is connected with the supporting table, and the other end of the adjusting arm support extends upwards along the height direction; the fixed end of the adjusting driving piece is connected with the adjusting arm support, and the driving end of the adjusting driving piece is connected with one end of the conveying arm support, which is close to the tobacco leaf baking equipment, so as to drive one end of the conveying arm support to displace along the height direction.
Optionally, the conveying adjusting assembly further comprises an adjusting connecting piece, and the adjusting connecting piece is fixedly connected with the conveying arm support and hinged with the driving end of the adjusting driving piece.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
(1) According to the automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment, the tobacco braiding device is arranged to realize automatic braiding and clamping of tobacco leaves, and the kang feeding mechanism is arranged to convey the braided tobacco leaves to the tobacco leaf baking equipment, so that the number of operators is effectively reduced, and the production efficiency of tobacco leaf braiding and kang feeding is improved.
(2) The tobacco tray mechanism comprises the driving component and the tobacco tray, so that tobacco leaves are automatically conveyed, and the labor input and the workload of operators are reduced; simultaneously, two groups of the driving assemblies and the tobacco trays are arranged in one-to-one correspondence, so that the conveying speed of tobacco leaves is improved, and meanwhile, when one group of the tobacco tray mechanisms fails, the other group of the tobacco tray mechanisms can continue to work, and the utilization rate of the automatic tobacco braiding kang feeding equipment is increased.
(3) The tobacco clamp mechanism comprises the tobacco clamp translation assembly, the upper tobacco clamp bin and the lower tobacco clamp bin, and the tobacco clamp translation assembly pushes the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp which are arranged on the upper tobacco clamp bin and the lower tobacco clamp bin, so that automatic filling of the tobacco clamps (the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp) is completed, the automation degree is high, and the labor intensity is low.
(4) The tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism comprises a grabbing driving piece, a grabbing clamp and a translating driving structure, the grabbing clamp is driven by the grabbing driving piece to clamp tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp, and then the translating driving structure is used for translating and conveying the tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp to the upper kang mechanism, so that labor and labor for carrying are saved, the tobacco clamp is well matched with the upper kang mechanism, and the applicability is high.
In addition to the objects, features and advantages described above, the present utility model has other objects, features and advantages. The present utility model will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the utility model and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the utility model and together with the description serve to explain the utility model. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic axial view of an automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding device according to the embodiment of the utility model;
FIG. 2 is an isometric view of the smoke tray mechanism of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an isometric view of the first translating assembly of the tobacco clamp translating assembly of FIG. 1 after the first translating assembly and the upper tobacco clamp chamber are interconnected;
FIG. 4 is a schematic axial view of the second translating assembly of the tobacco clamp translating assembly of FIG. 1 after the second translating assembly and lower tobacco clamp cartridge are interconnected;
FIG. 5 is an isometric view of the smoke-trapping rollover lifting assembly of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is an isometric view of the tobacco bale lifting and translating mechanism of FIG. 1;
fig. 7 is an isometric view of the kang feeding mechanism of fig. 1.
Wherein:
1. 1.1 parts of frame mechanism, 1.2 parts of frame, 1.3 parts of workbench and a controller;
2. 2.1 parts of a cigarette tray mechanism, 2.2 parts of a driving assembly and a cigarette tray;
3. the device comprises a tobacco clamp mechanism, 3.1, a tobacco clamp translation assembly, 3.1.1, a first translation plate, 3.1.2, a first driving piece, 3.1.3, a second translation plate, 3.1.4, a second driving piece, 3.2, an upper tobacco clamp bin, 3.2.1, an upper tobacco clamp bin main body, 3.2.2, an upper tobacco clamp, 3.3, a lower tobacco clamp bin, 3.3.1, a lower tobacco clamp bin main body, 3.3.2, a lower tobacco clamp, 3.4, a tobacco clamp overturning lifting assembly, 3.4.1, a first tobacco clamp assembly, 3.4.2, a second tobacco clamp assembly, 3.4.3, a overturning assembly, 3.5, a tobacco clamp lifting translation mechanism, 3.5.1, a lifting bracket, 3.5.2, a support arm support, 3.5.3, a grabbing driving piece, 3.5.4, a grabbing clamp, 3.5.5, and a translation driving structure;
4. the kang feeding mechanism comprises a kang feeding frame, 4.1.1 parts, a frame body, 4.1.1 parts, a support table, 4.1.2 parts, a conveying assembly, 4.2.1 parts, a conveying arm support, 4.2.2 parts, a conveying part, 4.2.3 parts, an arm support connecting part, 4.3 parts, a conveying adjusting assembly, 4.3.1 parts, an adjusting arm support, 4.3.2 parts, an adjusting driving part, 4.3.3 parts and an adjusting connecting part.
Detailed Description
In order that the above objects, features and advantages of the utility model will be readily understood, a more particular description of the utility model will be rendered by reference to specific embodiments thereof which are illustrated in the appended drawings. It should be noted that the drawings of the present utility model are in simplified form and are not precisely scaled, so as to facilitate the clear and convenient explanation of the implementation of the present utility model; the utility model is not limited to the specific numbers mentioned in the examples of the drawings; the directions and positional relationships indicated by the terms "rear", "left", "right", "upper", "lower", "top", "bottom", "middle", etc. in the present utility model are all based on the directions and positional relationships shown in the drawings of the present utility model, and do not indicate or imply that the device or component to be referred to must have a specific direction, nor should it be construed as limiting the present utility model.
This embodiment:
referring to fig. 1 to 7, the automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment provided by the utility model comprises a tobacco braiding device and a kang feeding mechanism 4, wherein the tobacco braiding device carries out automatic braiding and clamping on tobacco leaves, and the kang feeding mechanism 4 conveys the tobacco leaves after automatic braiding and clamping into tobacco leaf baking equipment so as to realize automatic braiding and kang feeding of the tobacco leaves.
The tobacco braiding device comprises a frame mechanism 1, a tobacco tray mechanism 2 and a tobacco clamp mechanism 3 which are arranged on the frame mechanism 1;
the frame structure 1 comprises a frame 1.1, a workbench 1.2 arranged on the upper surface of the frame 1.1, a first traveling wheel set arranged at the bottom of the frame 1.1 and a controller 1.3 arranged on the frame 1.1; the first travelling wheel set comprises a first travelling wheel and a first positioning anchor so that the cigarette braiding device can flexibly displace and position; the controller 1.3 comprises a circuit structure and a control panel which are connected with each other, the circuit structure is arranged in the frame 1.1, and the control panel is arranged on the frame 1.1 so as to facilitate the operation of operators;
the cigarette holder mechanism 2 comprises a driving component 2.1 arranged on the workbench 1.2 and a cigarette holder 2.2 connected with the driving end of the driving component 2.1; the cigarette tray 2.2 is driven by the driving component 2.1 to move along the horizontal direction so as to convey the cigarette tray 2.2 to a cigarette clamping station;
the tobacco clamp mechanism 3 comprises a tobacco clamp translation component 3.1, an upper tobacco clamp bin 3.2, a lower tobacco clamp bin 3.3, a tobacco clamp overturning lifting component 3.4 and a tobacco clamp lifting translation mechanism 3.5;
the tobacco clamp translation assembly 3.1 comprises a first translation assembly and a second translation assembly, wherein the first translation assembly is arranged corresponding to the upper tobacco clamp bin 3.2, and the second translation assembly is arranged corresponding to the lower tobacco clamp bin 3.3;
the upper tobacco clamp bin 3.2 and the lower tobacco clamp bin 3.3 are fixedly arranged on the workbench 1.2, a channel which is convenient for the tobacco clamp translation assembly 3.1 to pass through is arranged between the upper tobacco clamp bin and the workbench 1.2, a plurality of upper tobacco clamps 3.2.2 are arranged on the upper tobacco clamp bin 3.2, and the plurality of upper tobacco clamps 3.2.2 are pushed to a tobacco clamping station one by one through the first translation assembly; a plurality of lower tobacco clamps 3.3.2 are arranged on the lower tobacco clamp bin 3.3, and the lower tobacco clamps 3.3.2 are pushed to the tobacco clamping stations one by one through a second translation assembly;
the smoke clamping overturning lifting assembly 3.4 comprises a first smoke clamping assembly 3.4.1, a second smoke clamping assembly 3.4.2 and an overturning assembly 3.4.3; the overturning assembly 3.4.3 is used for clamping and overturning the upper tobacco clamp 3.2.2 and the lower tobacco clamp 3.3.2; the first smoke clamping component 3.4.1 and the second smoke clamping component 3.4.2 are respectively displaced along the height direction so as to drive the overturning component 3.4.3 and the upper smoke clamp 3.2.2 and the lower smoke clamp 3.3.2 clamped by the overturning component 3.4.3 to be displaced in the directions of approaching or separating from each other, so that the clamping of the upper smoke clamp 3.2.2 or the lower smoke clamp 3.3.2 is realized;
the tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism 3.5 comprises a lifting bracket 3.5.1, a supporting arm support 3.5.2, a grabbing driving piece 3.5.3, a grabbing clamp 3.5.4 and a translating driving structure 3.5.5; the lifting support 3.5.1 is arranged on the workbench 1.2, and the lifting support 3.5.1 is preferably arranged into a frame structure; a sliding structure is arranged on the lifting support 3.5.1, the sliding structure comprises a sixth guiding structure and a translational driving structure 3.5.5, the sixth guiding structure is preferably a linear guide rail structure, a linear guide rail of the sixth guiding structure is arranged on the upper surface of the lifting support 3.5.1, a sliding block of the sixth guiding structure is connected with the supporting arm support 3.5.2, and the sliding direction of the sliding block is the displacement direction of the tobacco clamp lifting translational mechanism 3.5; the translation driving structure 3.5.5 is preferably a linear driving module structure, the fixed end of the translation driving structure is connected with the lifting bracket 3.5.1, and the driving end of the translation driving structure is connected with the supporting arm support 3.5.2 so as to drive the supporting arm support 3.5.2 to displace along the horizontal direction; the grabbing driving member 3.5.3 is preferably configured as a cylinder structure, the fixed end of the grabbing driving member is mounted on the supporting arm support 3.5.2, and the grabbing clamp 3.5.4 is mounted on the driving end of the grabbing driving member to drive the grabbing clamp 3.5.4 to grab tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp 3.2.2 and the lower tobacco clamp 3.3.2 and the upper tobacco clamp 3.2.2 and the lower tobacco clamp 3.3.2.
Alternatively, the gripping driving parts 3.5.3 are preferably provided with two parts which are arranged at intervals, and the gripping clips 3.5.4 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with the gripping driving parts 3.5.3.
The kang feeding mechanism 4 comprises a kang feeding frame 4.1, a conveying assembly 4.2 and a conveying adjusting assembly 4.3;
the kang feeding frame 4.1 comprises a frame body 4.1.1, a second traveling wheel set arranged at the bottom of the frame body 4.1.1 and a supporting table 4.1.2 arranged on the frame body 4.1.1; the second walking wheel set comprises a second walking wheel and a second positioning foot so that the kang feeding mechanism 4 can flexibly displace and position;
the conveying component 4.2 is arranged on the supporting table 4.1.2 and is used for conveying the tobacco leaves after being clamped;
the conveying adjusting component 4.3 is arranged on the supporting table 4.1.2 and is used for adjusting the included angle between the conveying component 4.2 and the supporting table 4.1.2 so that the conveying component 4.2 can be effectively connected with the baking equipment and effective conveying of tobacco leaves is guaranteed.
As a further embodiment of the present utility model, the driving assemblies 2.1 and the cigarette trays 2.2 are provided with two groups which are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence, and the two groups of cigarette trays 2.2 are driven by the two groups of driving assemblies 2.1 to move towards each other or away from each other along the horizontal direction so as to convey the cigarette trays 2.2 to the cigarette clamping station.
Optionally, the driving assembly 2.1 includes a disc driving structure and a first guiding structure, where the disc driving structure is preferably configured as a belt driving structure, and the first guiding structure is preferably configured as a linear guide structure; the lower terminal surface of smoke tray 2.2 links to each other with the slider in the linear guide structure, and the guide rail of linear guide structure links to each other with workstation 1.2, and the stiff end of the motor in the belt drive structure is installed on workstation 1.2, and the main synchronous pulley in the belt drive structure links to each other with the drive end of motor, and the slave synchronous pulley in the belt drive structure passes through the connecting axle and links to each other with workstation 1.2, and the belt in the belt drive structure links to each other with smoke tray 2.2 through at least one connecting block to drive smoke tray 2.2 and carry out the displacement along the horizontal direction.
As a further embodiment of the utility model, the first translation assembly comprises a first translation plate 3.1.1 and a first driver 3.1.2; the upper tobacco clamp bin 3.2 comprises an upper tobacco clamp bin main body 3.2.1, and the upper tobacco clamp 3.2.2 is provided with a plurality of pieces which are all arranged on the upper tobacco clamp bin main body 3.2.1; the first translation plate 3.1.1 pushes the upper tobacco clamp 3.2.2 to move to the tobacco clamping station along the horizontal direction under the drive of the first driving piece 3.1.2.
The second translating assembly comprises a second translating plate 3.1.3 and a second driver 3.1.4; the lower tobacco clamp bin 3.3 comprises a lower tobacco clamp bin main body 3.3.1, and the lower tobacco clamp 3.3.2 is provided with a plurality of pieces which are all arranged on the lower tobacco clamp bin main body 3.3.1; the second translation plate 3.1.3 pushes the lower tobacco clamp 3.3.2 to move to the tobacco clamping station along the horizontal direction under the drive of the second driving piece 3.1.4.
Alternatively, the first drive element 3.1.2 and the second drive element 3.1.4 are each preferably provided as a cylinder structure.
Optionally, in order to ensure that the first translation plate 3.1.1 and the second translation plate 3.1.3 can stably displace and prevent the first translation plate and the second translation plate from generating offset, the first translation assembly further comprises a second guiding structure, the second guiding structure is preferably provided with a linear guide rail structure, and the second guiding structure is preferably provided with two parts symmetrically arranged with the first driving part 3.1.2 as a center; the second translation assembly further comprises a third guide structure, the third guide structure is preferably arranged to be a linear guide rail structure, and the third guide structure is preferably provided with two parts which are symmetrically arranged with the second driving part 3.1.4 as a center.
As a further embodiment of the present utility model, the overturning component 3.4.3 is provided with two groups which are respectively arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the first smoke clamping component 3.4.1 and the second smoke clamping component 3.4.2; wherein a group of overturning assemblies 3.4.3 which are arranged corresponding to the second smoke clamping assemblies 3.4.2 are connected with the workbench 1.2;
the tobacco clamping overturning lifting assembly 3.4 further comprises a first supporting frame used for supporting the first tobacco clamping assembly 3.4.1 and a group of overturning assemblies 3.4.3 which are arranged corresponding to the first tobacco clamping assembly 3.4.1, wherein the first supporting frame comprises a first vertical plate, a transverse plate and a second vertical plate which are sequentially connected, and one ends, far away from the transverse plate, of the first vertical plate and the second vertical plate are connected with the workbench 1.2;
the first cigarette clamping assembly 3.4.1 comprises a third driving piece and a first cigarette clamping piece, the fixed end of the third driving piece is arranged on the transverse plate, and the driving end of the third driving piece is connected with the first cigarette clamping piece so as to drive the first cigarette clamping piece to move along the height direction;
the second cigarette clamping assembly 3.4.2 comprises a fourth driving piece and a second cigarette clamping piece, wherein the fixed end of the fourth driving piece is connected with the workbench 1.2, and the driving end of the fourth driving piece is connected with the second cigarette clamping piece to drive the second cigarette clamping piece to move along the height direction.
Optionally, in order to make the first cigarette clamping member stably displace under the driving of the third driving member, the first cigarette clamping assembly 3.4.1 further includes a fourth guiding structure, the fourth guiding structure is preferably configured as a linear guide structure, and the fourth guiding structure is preferably configured with two members symmetrically disposed with the third driving member as a center.
Optionally, in order to make the second cigarette clamping member stably displace under the driving of the fourth driving member, the second cigarette clamping assembly 3.4.2 further includes a fifth guiding structure, where the fifth guiding structure is preferably configured as a linear guide structure, and the fifth guiding structure is preferably configured with two members symmetrically disposed with the fourth driving member as a center.
As a further embodiment of the utility model, the conveying assembly 4.2 comprises a conveying boom 4.2.1 and a conveying element 4.2.2 mounted on the conveying boom 4.2.1; the conveying member 4.2.2 is preferably provided with a chain conveying structure, the conveying arm support 4.2.1 is preferably provided with a telescopic arm support, one end of the telescopic arm support is connected with the tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism 3.5, and the other end of the telescopic arm support is connected with tobacco leaf baking equipment so as to convey tobacco leaves conveyed by the tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism 3.5 into the tobacco leaf baking equipment;
the conveying adjusting assembly 4.3 comprises an adjusting arm support 4.3.1 and an adjusting driving piece 4.3.2; one end of the adjusting arm support 4.3.1 is connected with the supporting table 4.1.2, and the other end of the adjusting arm support extends upwards along the height direction; the adjusting driving member 4.3.2 is preferably provided as a rack-and-pinion driving structure, the fixed end of which is connected with the adjusting arm support 4.3.1 and the driving end of which is connected with one end of the conveying arm support 4.2.1, which is close to the tobacco curing equipment, so as to drive one end of the conveying arm support 4.2.1 to displace along the height direction.
Optionally, the conveying arm frames 4.2.1 are preferably provided with two groups which are arranged at intervals, and the conveying parts 4.2.2 are respectively provided with two parts which are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the two groups of conveying arm frames 4.2.1; in order to ensure the connection strength between the two groups of conveying arm frames 4.2.1, the conveying assembly 4.2 further comprises at least one group of arm frame connecting pieces 4.2.3, and two ends of the arm frame connecting pieces 4.2.3 are respectively connected with the two groups of conveying arm frames 4.2.1 so as to increase the overall rigidity of the two groups of conveying arm frames 4.2.1.
Optionally, in order to ensure the stability when the conveying adjusting component 4.3 drives the conveying arm support 4.2.1 to displace along the height direction, the conveying adjusting component 4.3 further comprises an adjusting connecting piece 4.3.3, and the adjusting connecting piece 4.3.3 is fixedly connected with the conveying arm support 4.2.1 and hinged with the driving end of the adjusting driving piece 4.3.2, so that the conveying arm support 4.2.1 swings under the driving of the adjusting driving piece 4.3.2, and the angle between one end, close to the tobacco curing equipment, of the conveying arm support 4.2.1 and the supporting table 4.1.2 is adjusted.
The working flow of the automatic tobacco braiding kang feeding equipment is specifically as follows:
1) The workers place tobacco leaves in a placing area on a tobacco tray, and the tobacco tray moves to a tobacco clamping station in a translation mode under the driving of a driving assembly;
2) The first translation assembly drives the upper tobacco clamp and the second translation assembly drives the lower tobacco clamp to translate to the tobacco clamping station respectively so as to clamp tobacco leaves; simultaneously, the tobacco tray is horizontally moved to an initial position under the drive of the drive assembly, so that a worker can conveniently place tobacco leaves in the next round;
3) The two groups of overturning assemblies respectively overturn the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp;
4) The first tobacco clamping component and the second tobacco clamping component respectively move towards the directions of approaching to each other so as to drive the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp to approach to each other and clamp the root of tobacco leaves;
5) The tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp after clamping are conveyed to the kang feeding mechanism through the tobacco clamp lifting translation mechanism;
6) The kang feeding mechanism continuously conveys tobacco leaves and conveys the tobacco leaves into tobacco leaf baking equipment to finish automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding actions of the tobacco leaves.
The above description is only of the preferred embodiments of the present utility model and is not intended to limit the present utility model, but various modifications and variations can be made to the present utility model by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present utility model should be included in the protection scope of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding device is characterized by comprising a tobacco braiding device and a kang feeding mechanism (4);
the tobacco braiding device comprises a frame mechanism (1), a tobacco tray mechanism (2) and a tobacco clamping mechanism (3) which are arranged on the frame mechanism (1), wherein the tobacco tray mechanism (2) carries out automatic tobacco feeding on tobacco leaves, and the tobacco clamping mechanism (3) carries out tobacco braiding and clamping on the tobacco leaves;
and the kang feeding mechanism (4) conveys the braided tobacco leaves to tobacco leaf baking equipment.
2. The automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the tobacco tray mechanism (2) comprises a driving component (2.1) arranged on the frame mechanism (1) and a tobacco tray (2.2) connected with the driving end of the driving component (2.1);
the driving assembly (2.1) can drive the cigarette tray (2.2) to move along the horizontal direction, so that the cigarette tray (2.2) can be converted between a cigarette loading station and a cigarette clamping station.
3. The automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment according to claim 2, wherein the driving components (2.1) and the tobacco trays (2.2) are provided with two groups which are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the two groups of tobacco trays (2.2) are driven by the two groups of driving components (2.1) to move towards or away from each other along the horizontal direction.
4. The automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the tobacco clamp mechanism (3) comprises a tobacco clamp translation assembly (3.1), an upper tobacco clamp bin (3.2) and a lower tobacco clamp bin (3.3);
the tobacco clamp translation assembly (3.1) comprises a first translation assembly and a second translation assembly which are respectively arranged corresponding to the upper tobacco clamp bin (3.2) and the lower tobacco clamp bin (3.3);
the upper tobacco clamp bin (3.2) and the lower tobacco clamp bin (3.3) are both arranged on the workbench (1.2), a channel which is convenient for the tobacco clamp translation assembly (3.1) to pass through is arranged between the upper tobacco clamp bin and the workbench (1.2), a plurality of upper tobacco clamps (3.2.2) can be arranged on the upper tobacco clamp bin (3.2), and the plurality of upper tobacco clamps (3.2.2) can be pushed to a tobacco clamping station one by one through the first translation assembly; a plurality of lower tobacco clamps (3.3.2) can be arranged on the lower tobacco clamp bin (3.3), and the lower tobacco clamps (3.3.2) can be pushed to the tobacco clamping stations one by one through the second translation components.
5. The automatic weaving and kang-on device according to claim 4, characterized in that the first translation assembly comprises a first translation plate (3.1.1) and a first driving element (3.1.2); the upper tobacco clamp bin (3.2) comprises an upper tobacco clamp bin main body (3.2.1), and the upper tobacco clamp (3.2.2) is provided with a plurality of pieces which are all arranged on the upper tobacco clamp bin main body (3.2.1); the first translation plate (3.1.1) pushes the upper tobacco clamp (3.2.2) to move to a tobacco clamping station along the horizontal direction under the drive of the first driving piece (3.1.2);
the second translation assembly comprises a second translation plate (3.1.3) and a second drive (3.1.4); the lower tobacco clamp bin (3.3) comprises a lower tobacco clamp bin main body (3.3.1), and the lower tobacco clamp (3.3.2) is provided with a plurality of pieces which are all arranged on the lower tobacco clamp bin main body (3.3.1); the second translation plate (3.1.3) pushes the lower tobacco clamp (3.3.2) to move to the tobacco clamping station along the horizontal direction under the drive of the second driving piece (3.1.4).
6. The automatic weaving and kang-on-tobacco apparatus of claim 5, characterized in that the tobacco clamping mechanism (3) further comprises a tobacco clamping overturning lifting component (3.4); the cigarette clamping overturning lifting assembly (3.4) comprises a first cigarette clamping assembly (3.4.1), a second cigarette clamping assembly (3.4.2) and two groups of overturning assemblies (3.4.3) which are respectively arranged corresponding to the first cigarette clamping assembly (3.4.1) and the second cigarette clamping assembly (3.4.2);
the overturning assembly (3.4.3) clamps and overturns the upper tobacco clamp (3.2.2) or the lower tobacco clamp (3.3.2) respectively;
the first tobacco clamping component (3.4.1) is displaced along the height direction and is used for moving the upper tobacco clamp (3.2.2) and tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp; the second tobacco clamping component (3.4.2) is used for moving the lower tobacco clamp (3.3.2) and tobacco leaves clamped by the lower tobacco clamp along the height direction, so that the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp are clamped.
7. The automatic weaving and kang-on device according to claim 5, characterized in that the tobacco clamp mechanism (3) further comprises a tobacco clamp lifting translation mechanism (3.5);
the tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism (3.5) comprises a lifting bracket (3.5.1), a supporting arm support (3.5.2), a grabbing driving piece (3.5.3), a grabbing clamp (3.5.4) and a translating driving structure (3.5.5);
the lifting bracket (3.5.1) is arranged on the frame mechanism (1);
the support arm support (3.5.2) is movably arranged on the lifting support (3.5.1), and the translation driving structure (3.5.5) drives the support arm support (3.5.2) to move on the lifting support (3.5.1) along the horizontal direction;
the fixed end of the grabbing driving piece (3.5.3) is arranged on the supporting arm support (3.5.2), and the driving end of the grabbing driving piece is provided with a grabbing clamp (3.5.4) for driving the grabbing clamp (3.5.4) to grab tobacco leaves clamped by the upper tobacco clamp and the lower tobacco clamp.
8. The automatic tobacco-braiding and kang-applying device according to any of the claims 1-7, characterized in that the kang-applying mechanism (4) comprises a kang-applying frame (4.1), a conveying assembly (4.2) and a conveying adjustment assembly (4.3);
the kang feeding frame (4.1) comprises a frame body (4.1.1), a second walking wheel set arranged at the bottom of the frame body (4.1.1) and a supporting table (4.1.2) arranged on the frame body (4.1.1);
the conveying assembly (4.2) is arranged on the supporting table (4.1.2) and is used for conveying the tobacco leaves after being clamped;
the conveying adjusting assembly (4.3) is arranged on the supporting table (4.1.2) and is used for adjusting the included angle between the conveying assembly (4.2) and the supporting table (4.1.2).
9. The automatic tobacco-braiding kang-feeding apparatus according to claim 8, characterized in that the conveying assembly (4.2) comprises a conveying boom (4.2.1) and a conveying member (4.2.2) mounted on the conveying boom (4.2.1);
the conveying member (4.2.2) is arranged as a chain conveying structure;
the conveying arm support (4.2.1) is a telescopic arm support, one end of the telescopic arm support is connected with the tobacco clamp lifting and translating mechanism (3.5), and the other end of the telescopic arm support is connected with tobacco leaf baking equipment;
the conveying adjusting assembly (4.3) comprises an adjusting arm support (4.3.1) and an adjusting driving piece (4.3.2); one end of the adjusting arm support (4.3.1) is connected with the supporting table (4.1.2), and the other end of the adjusting arm support extends upwards along the height direction; the fixed end of the adjusting driving piece (4.3.2) is connected with the adjusting arm support (4.3.1), and the driving end of the adjusting driving piece is connected with one end of the conveying arm support (4.2.1) close to tobacco baking equipment so as to drive one end of the conveying arm support (4.2.1) to displace along the height direction.
10. The automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding device according to claim 9, characterized in that the conveying adjustment assembly (4.3) further comprises an adjustment connecting piece (4.3.3), wherein the adjustment connecting piece (4.3.3) is fixedly connected with the conveying arm support (4.2.1) and hinged with the driving end of the adjustment driving piece (4.3.2).
CN202320677173.1U 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 Automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment Active CN219699018U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320677173.1U CN219699018U (en) 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 Automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320677173.1U CN219699018U (en) 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 Automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219699018U true CN219699018U (en) 2023-09-19

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ID=88002454

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202320677173.1U Active CN219699018U (en) 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 Automatic tobacco braiding and kang feeding equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219699018U (en)

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