Green walnut decorticator
The utility model relates to a technical field of agricultural production equipment, in particular to green husk walnut decorticator.
The walnut has rich nutritive value and brain strengthening effect, and has the reputations of 'Wansui', 'Changshouguo' and 'health preserving treasure'. The walnut has good taste and high nutritive value. In recent years, with the development of the planting industry, the yield and the demand of walnuts are increased, but the traditional peeling mode is quite backward and low in efficiency, and whether the outer-layer green husks are peeled off and cleaned is one of indexes for determining the quality of the walnuts, so that the value and the competitiveness of the walnuts are directly influenced.
Although the conventional manual peeling work can be replaced and the peeling efficiency is improved, the existing walnut green husk peeling machine has the defects that the function is single, the peeling acting force of the green husks cannot be dynamically adjusted, the problem that walnuts are damaged due to poor peeling effect or excessive peeling of walnuts with uneven sizes is solved, the peeling is not thorough only for the green husks of the walnuts, and the surfaces of the shells of the walnuts need to be further cleaned manually, so that the overall peeling efficiency of the green husks is reduced. In the process, if the residual green husks cannot be cleaned in time or not thoroughly cleaned, the green husks mould on the walnut shells, so that black spots are generated on the walnuts, and the quality of the walnuts is seriously influenced; the manual peeling can ensure the peeling quality of the walnuts, but the labor cost is high, the peeling efficiency of the walnuts is low, and the pulp generated on the green husks of the walnuts in the peeling process is attached to the hands of a human body and is not easy to clean.
Therefore, a multifunctional green walnut shelling machine capable of realizing dynamic adjustment is needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a green seedcase walnut decorticator through rational structure setting, has improved the peeled efficiency and the cleanliness factor of green seedcase walnut, guarantees simultaneously that the green seedcase peels off the integrality of back walnut.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a green husk walnut peeling machine comprises a shell, a cover body and a driving wheel, wherein the shell is provided with the cover body, and the cover body is provided with a feed hopper; a combined roller and a hanging basket are arranged in the shell, the combined roller is arranged above the hanging basket, the combined roller is connected with a driving wheel through a bearing, and two ends of the bearing are erected on the shell through a rotating shaft; a discharge hole is formed in one side, away from the driving wheel, of the shell; and a shell slag discharge hole is formed in the middle of the shell and communicated with the lower part of the hanging basket.
Furthermore, one end of the cover body, which is far away from the feed hopper, is fixedly connected with a connecting water pipe, and the connecting water pipe is embedded in one side of the cover body to form a water outlet hole.
Furthermore, the combination roller comprises a spiral roller and a cleaning roller, and is arranged on the same central axis.
Furthermore, the roller teeth on the spiral roller are spiral, and the roller teeth and the horizontal axis form a certain included angle and are obliquely arranged on the inner side wall of the spiral roller.
Further, the bristles on the cleaning roller are perpendicular to the horizontal axis.
Furthermore, the brush hair on the cleaning roller is multilayer and is in a spiral shape, and the inner diameters of the two layers of spiral are different.
Further, hang the basket and constitute by semi-circular rib and horizontal muscle, hang the basket through telescoping device with the casing is connected.
Furthermore, the number of the telescopic devices is four, the telescopic devices are symmetrically distributed, and each telescopic device consists of a screw rod, a spring and a nut.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) The utility model provides a pair of green husk walnut decorticator simple structure, simple structure uses the installation convenient, and use cost is low.
(2) The utility model provides a pair of green husk walnut decorticator drives the combination roller through drive arrangement and rotates, and the combination roller includes spiral roller and cleaning roller, and the green walnut drops into from the feeder hopper, under spiral roller and string basket squeezing action first, realizes that the green husk of green husk walnut peels off to go forward along with the spiral roller, go forward to the cleaning roller position after and do further washing to the walnut, thoroughly clear away the remaining, unprocessed clean green husk on walnut surface, thereby accomplish the peeling process of walnut; compared with the traditional green walnut peeling equipment, the peeling efficiency is greatly improved, secondary cleaning is not needed manually, damage to walnuts is greatly reduced, and the quality of peeled and processed walnuts is effectively guaranteed.
(3) The utility model provides a pair of green husk walnut decorticator realizes combining the roller and hanging the dynamic adjustable of the shelling workspace between the basket through setting up the telescoping device, is fit for the uneven walnut of size and peels simultaneously, has saved the screening process before the walnut is peeled, the time of having practiced thrift, and it is splendid to peel the effect, and the damage rate is low, is fit for popularizing and applying.
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the embodiments or the technical solutions in the prior art will be briefly described below. Throughout the drawings, like elements or portions are generally identified by like reference numerals. In the drawings, elements or portions are not necessarily drawn to scale.
FIG. 1: the structure of the utility model is shown schematically;
FIG. 2: the structure schematic diagram of the internal structure of the shell of the first embodiment of the utility model;
FIG. 3: the first embodiment of the present invention is a top view of the internal structure of the housing;
FIG. 4: the structure schematic diagram of the cleaning roller of the second embodiment of the utility model;
in the figure: 1-a shell; 2-a cover body; 3-a transmission wheel; 4-a feed hopper; 5-a discharge hole; 6-discharging a shell slag outlet; 7-connecting a water pipe; 8-a telescopic device; 9-a bearing; 10-a rotating shaft; 11-a helical roll; 12-a cleaning roller; 13-hanging basket.
The following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be provided to enable those skilled in the art to more easily understand the advantages and features of the present invention, and to clearly and clearly define the scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides a green husk walnut peeling machine, which comprises a shell 1, a cover body 2 and a driving wheel 3; be equipped with the lid 2 on the casing 1, be equipped with feeder hopper 4 on the lid 2, keep away from 4 one end fixedly connected with connecting pipe 7 of feeder hopper on the lid 2, connecting pipe 7 is rabbeted in lid 2 one side and has been seted up the apopore for wash away the remaining green seedcase on the green husk walnut after will shelling through the washing. The improved roller-type conveyor belt is characterized in that a combined roller and a hanging basket 13 are arranged in the shell 1, the combined roller is arranged above the hanging basket 13 and is connected with a driving wheel 3 through a bearing 9, two ends of the bearing 9 are erected on the shell 1 through a rotating shaft 10, the driving wheel 3 is connected with a driving device through a driving belt and synchronously drives the combined roller to rotate under the action of a driving mechanism. And a discharge port 5 is formed in one side of the shell 1, which is far away from the driving wheel 3. A shell slag discharge hole 6 is formed in the middle of the shell 1; the shell slag discharge port 6 is directly communicated with the lower part of the hanging basket 13.
The combined roller comprises a spiral roller 11 and a cleaning roller 12, and the spiral roller 11 and the cleaning roller 12 are arranged on the same central axis. The roller teeth on the spiral roller 11 are spiral, and the roller teeth and the horizontal axis form a certain included angle and are obliquely arranged on the inner side wall of the spiral roller 11 and are inclined towards the direction towards the discharge port 5; the roller teeth are provided with the spacers, the spacers are uniformly provided with the bulges, the bulges are used for peeling in the extrusion process when the walnuts pass through, and the damage to the walnuts is greatly reduced; the spiral roller 11 rotates under the rotation action of the driving device, so that the green husks of the walnuts are cut and peeled off, and the walnuts are gradually pushed forward.
The hanging basket 13 is composed of semicircular ribs and transverse ribs, and formed holes can ensure that walnuts cannot pass through. The hanging basket 13 and the spiral roller 11 are matched with each other to form a peeling working area. Hang basket 13 through telescoping device 8 with casing 1 is connected, the quantity of telescoping device 8 is four, and the symmetric distribution, telescoping device 8 comprises screw rod, spring and nut, utilizes the free flexible characteristic when the spring receives the exogenic action, realizes hanging basket 13 free movement in the vertical direction to the size of dynamic adjustment skinning workspace is fit for big or small uneven walnut and is peeld simultaneously, has saved the screening process before walnut skinning, has practiced thrift the time, has reduced use cost, has improved skinning efficiency.
The bristles on the cleaning roller 12 are vertical to the horizontal axis, and when green husk walnuts reach the position of the cleaning roller 12 to further clean the walnuts, the green husks which are remained on the surfaces of the walnuts and are not processed to be clean are thoroughly removed.
The brush hair on the cleaning roller 12 is designed to be multilayer and spiral, and the inner diameters of the two layers of spiral are different. When the green husk walnuts reach the position of the cleaning roller 12 to further clean the walnuts, the walnuts are easier to clean, and the cleaned walnuts are gradually pushed to the discharge port 5, so that automatic discharge is realized.
The working process is as follows: placing green-husk walnuts into a feed hopper 4, entering a peeling working area between a hanging basket 13 and a combined roller through the feed hopper 4, firstly, peeling off the green husks of the green-husk walnuts under the extrusion action of the spiral roller 11 and the hanging basket 13, continuously spraying water mist along with the advance of the spiral roller 11 by a connecting water pipe 7, further cleaning the walnuts from the positions of the green-husk walnuts to a cleaning roller 12, thoroughly removing the untreated green husks remained on the surfaces of the walnuts, gradually pushing the cleaned walnuts to a discharge port 5 along with the rotation of the whole cleaning roller 12, and realizing automatic discharging so as to finish the peeling processing of the walnuts; the peeled green tangerine peels and sewage fall down from the pores of the hanging basket 13 and flow out from the shell residue discharge port 6.
The above description is for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is intended to assist those skilled in the art in understanding the present invention more fully. However, these examples are merely illustrative, and it is not intended that the embodiments of the present invention be limited to the description of these examples. To the utility model belongs to the technical field of the ordinary technical personnel, do not deviate from the utility model discloses under the prerequisite of design, can also make a plurality of simple deductions and transform, all should regard as belonging to the utility model discloses a protection scope.