CN217628653U - Cathode four-way shifting assembly of electrolytic furnace - Google Patents

Cathode four-way shifting assembly of electrolytic furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217628653U
CN217628653U CN202221358509.XU CN202221358509U CN217628653U CN 217628653 U CN217628653 U CN 217628653U CN 202221358509 U CN202221358509 U CN 202221358509U CN 217628653 U CN217628653 U CN 217628653U
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China
Prior art keywords
cathode
upright post
arc
sliding mechanism
electrolytic furnace
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CN202221358509.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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乔金龙
刘洪宝
薄俊东
周永光
王引泉
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Bayannaoer Yixin New Material Co ltd
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Bayannaoer Yixin New Material Co ltd
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Abstract

The application discloses a cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace, which comprises an upright post, wherein a movable and rotatable sliding mechanism is arranged on the upright post, and a lifting mechanism with a lifting sliding mechanism is arranged on the upright post; one side of the sliding mechanism is provided with a supporting arm, and the tail end of the supporting arm is provided with a cathode; the application solves the problem of how to adjust the position of the cathode.

Description

Cathode four-way shifting assembly of electrolytic furnace
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of electrolytic furnace auxiliary equipment, in particular to a cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace.
Background
Electrolysis, which is the process of chemical change caused by the passage of an electric current through a substance; chemical changes are processes by which a substance loses or gains electrons. Specifically, when an electric current is passed through the electrolyte, redox reactions are caused at the cathode and the anode.
The electrolytic furnace mainly includes an electrolytic anode and an electrolytic cathode, and the structure and kind of the electrolytic furnace are various and the cathode of the electrolytic furnace is located at the center of the electrolytic furnace in the market, but there are problems in that: during the electrolysis process, most of the cathode of the electrolytic furnace is fixed above the electrolytic furnace. After the cathode is fixed, on one hand, when workers need to take out materials in the electrolytic furnace, the fixed cathode is easy to cause inconvenience in material taking of the workers; on the other hand, when the electrolytic furnace needs to be overhauled, the fixed cathode needs to be dismantled, which wastes time and labor. Based on this, it is necessary to design a device capable of timely adjusting the position of the cathode.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace, which solves the problem of how to adjust the position of the cathode.
The utility model discloses a cathode four-way shift component of an electrolytic furnace, which comprises a vertical column, wherein a movable and rotatable sliding mechanism is arranged on the vertical column, and a lifting mechanism with a lifting sliding mechanism is arranged on the vertical column; one side of the sliding mechanism is provided with a supporting arm, and the tail end of the supporting arm is provided with a cathode.
The sliding mechanism comprises two arc grooved wheels, the two plate bodies are opposite and in clearance fit, and the two plate bodies jointly form a sandwich structure; the two arc groove wheels are arranged on two sides in the sandwich structure, an arc groove is formed in the middle of each arc groove wheel, and a channel is formed between the two arc grooves; the channel is internally provided with a column in a proper way.
Furthermore, the lifting mechanism comprises a rope, a movable pulley is arranged on the sliding mechanism, at least one first fixed pulley is arranged above the upright post, and a second fixed pulley is arranged at the bottom side of the upright post; one end of the rope is fixed above the upright post, and the other end of the rope sequentially rounds the surfaces of the movable pulley, the first fixed pulley and the second fixed pulley to be connected; the second fixed pulley is in transmission connection with the motor.
Further, the arc grooved wheels are arranged to be at least three, two arc grooved wheels are arranged on two sides of the stand column, or a single arc grooved wheel is arranged on one side of the stand column, and the at least three arc grooved wheels are arranged on the sandwich structure.
Furthermore, a rubber sleeve is sleeved in the middle of the arc grooved wheel.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in following several:
firstly, the cathode can be flexibly adjusted according to different requirements by combining a sliding mechanism, an upright post, a lifting mechanism and the like, so that the diversity of the cathode is enhanced; when the cathode needs to be overhauled or installed, the cathode can be lifted through the lifting device; when the staff need get the material, through this application with the skew electrolysis stove central authorities of negative pole, avoid the negative pole can hinder the staff to the taking out of material, to a certain extent, promote staff's work efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 shows a first view of the overall structure of the present application.
Fig. 2 shows a second drawing of the overall structure of the present application.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the up-and-down movement of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view illustrating the use of the rotation in the left and right directions of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the sliding mechanism.
Fig. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an arcuate groove.
Fig. 7 is a schematic sectional plan view of the slip mechanism.
Fig. 8 is an assembly structure diagram of the elevating mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of an installation structure of the second fixed pulley and the motor.
Fig. 10 is an assembly structure schematic diagram of three arc sheaves.
Fig. 11 is an assembly structure diagram of four arc sheaves.
Fig. 12 is an assembly structure diagram of the rubber boot.
In the figure, a vertical column 1, a sliding mechanism 2, an arc groove wheel 201, a plate body 202, a lifting mechanism 3, a rope 301, a movable pulley 302, a first fixed pulley 303, a second fixed pulley 304, a supporting arm 4, a cathode 5, an arc groove 6, a rubber sleeve 7, an electrolytic furnace 8 and a channel 9.
Detailed Description
For clear understanding of the technical solution of the present application, the following detailed description will be made of a cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace provided in the present application with reference to specific embodiments and accompanying drawings.
The terminology used in the following examples is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the application. As used in the specification of the present application and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an", "the" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, such as "one or more", unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It should also be understood that in the following embodiments of the present application, "at least one", "one or more" means one, two or more.
Reference throughout this specification to "one embodiment" or "some embodiments," or the like, means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment is included in one or more embodiments of the present application. Thus, appearances of the phrases "one embodiment," "in some embodiments," "in other embodiments," or the like, in various places throughout this specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment, but rather "one or more but not all embodiments" unless specifically stated otherwise. The terms "comprising," "including," "having," and variations thereof mean "including, but not limited to," unless expressly specified otherwise.
Example 1
The embodiment provides a cathode four-way shifting assembly of an electrolytic furnace, and firstly, referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, a whole structure display diagram I and a whole structure display diagram II of the application are shown, as shown in the drawings, the cathode four-way shifting assembly comprises a stand column 1, a sliding mechanism 2 is arranged on the stand column 1, and the sliding mechanism 2 can move and rotate on the stand column 1; the upright post 1 is provided with a lifting mechanism 3, and the lifting mechanism 3 is used for driving the sliding mechanism 2 to move up and down on the upright post 1; one side of the sliding mechanism 2 is provided with a supporting arm 4, and the tail end of the supporting arm 4 is connected with a cathode 5.
Principle of use of cathode 5 four-way shift assembly: in the first embodiment, when the cathode 5 is installed for the first time, as shown in fig. 3, firstly, the upright post 1 is installed on the electrolytic furnace 8 or beside the electrolytic furnace 8, the sliding mechanism 2 is rotated to make the cathode 5 connected to the supporting arm 4 opposite to the center of the electrolytic furnace 8 below (it is noted that the length of the supporting arm and the length of the upright post 1 from the center of the electrolytic furnace 8 are both measured in advance, so as to ensure that the cathode 5 is located at the center of the electrolytic furnace 8), the lifting mechanism 3 is started, and the lifting mechanism 3 drives the sliding mechanism 2 to move down; then, during the downward movement of the slide mechanism 2, attention is paid to observe the position where the cathode 5 is lowered into the electrolytic furnace 8, and when the cathode 5 reaches a predetermined position, the driving of the slide mechanism 2 is stopped, and the cathode 5 can be normally used.
In the second embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, when the worker needs to take out the material in the electrolytic furnace 8, the sliding mechanism 2 is rotated, the sliding mechanism 2 drives the supporting arm 4 to deviate from the center of the electrolytic furnace 8, and the worker takes out the material from the electrolytic furnace 8 and the cathode 5.
In the third embodiment, when the electrolytic furnace 8 needs to be overhauled (overhauled), as shown in fig. 3, the lifting mechanism 3 is started, the lifting mechanism 3 drives the sliding mechanism 2 (the supporting arm 4) to move upwards, until the cathode 5 is completely far away from the electrolytic furnace 8, the driving of the lifting mechanism 3 is stopped, and the operator overhauls the electrolytic furnace 8.
The cathode 5 can be flexibly adjusted according to different requirements by combining the sliding mechanism 2, the upright post 1, the lifting mechanism 3 and the like, so that the diversity of the cathode is enhanced; when the cathode 5 needs to be overhauled or installed, the cathode 5 can be lifted through the lifting device; when the staff need get the material, through this application with the skew 8 central authorities of electrolytic furnace of negative pole 5, avoid negative pole 5 can hinder the staff to the taking out of material, to a certain extent, promote staff's work efficiency.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 5, the sliding mechanism 2 includes two arc grooved wheels 201, two plate bodies 202 are arranged in parallel and opposite to each other, a gap is formed between the two plate bodies 202, and the two plate bodies 202 together form a sandwich structure; two arc sheave 201 set up in sandwich structure, and two arc sheave 201's the mode of setting have following two kinds of situations: in the first case, two arc grooved wheels 201 are respectively positioned at two sides of a diagonal line of the sandwich structure; in the second case, the two arc grooved wheels 201 are respectively and symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sandwich structure; the middle part of the arc sheave 201 forms an arc groove 6 (as shown in fig. 6, a cross-sectional view of the arc groove 6 is shown), a gap between the two arc grooves 6 forms a channel 9 (the channel 9 is shown in fig. 7), the upright post 1 passes through the channel 9, and the arc grooves 6 are attached to the adjacent surface of the upright post 1.
The use principle of the slip mechanism 2 is as follows: as shown in fig. 7, firstly, under the driving action of the lifting mechanism 3, the two arc grooved wheels 201 roll on the upright post 1 (in the rolling process of the arc grooved wheels 201, rolling friction is generated between the arc groove 6 and the upright post 1, the rolling friction force is smaller than the total gravity of the sliding mechanism 2, the supporting arm 4 and the cathode 5, and the rolling friction force, the sliding mechanism 2, the supporting arm 4 and the cathode 5 are far smaller than the driving force of the lifting mechanism 3), the arc grooved wheels 201 drive the sandwich structure to move up and down, and the sandwich structure indirectly drives the cathode 5 to move up and down; secondly, under the action of external force, the two arc grooved wheels 201 are rotated on the upright post 1, and in the rotating process of the arc grooved wheels 201, sliding friction can be generated between the arc grooves 6 and the upright post 1, so that the sliding friction can ensure that the sliding mechanism 2 cannot rotate (when the external force is not applied), but the sliding friction is far smaller than the external force.
The sliding mechanism 2 can rotate in four directions (up and down, left and right) on the upright post 1, the sliding mechanism 2 can correspondingly drive the cathode 5 to move in four directions (up and down, left and right), and compared with the traditional fixed cathode 5, the position of the cathode 5 can be adjusted in time according to different situations.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 8, the lifting mechanism 3 includes a rope 301, a movable pulley 302 is installed on the sliding mechanism 2, a first fixed pulley 303 is installed at the top end of the upright 1 (in this example, the number of the first fixed pulleys 303 is two, but is not limited to two), and a second fixed pulley 304 is installed at the bottom end of the upright 1 (according to actual conditions, the second fixed pulley 304 shown in fig. 8 is installed on the side wall of the upright 1, or the second fixed pulley 304 may also be installed at the bottom side of the upright 1); the head end of the rope 301 is bolted to the top end of the upright post 1, and the tail end of the rope 301 sequentially passes around the movable pulley 302, the first fixed pulley 303 and the second fixed pulley 304; as shown in fig. 9, the second fixed pulley 304 is drivingly connected to a motor, which may be mounted on the upright 1 (or mounted beside the upright 1).
The use principle of the lifting mechanism 3 is as follows: the motor is started, and the motor drives the second fixed pulley 304 to rotate through a belt; when the second fixed pulley 304 rotates (rotates forwards or reversely), the rope 301 is wound and unwound, and the length of the rope 301 outside the second fixed pulley 304 is correspondingly shortened or increased; when the rope 301 is shortened, the rope 301 pulls the sliding and rotating frame to ascend; when the rope 301 grows, the sliding frame is driven to move downwards by the self-gravity of the sliding frame, the supporting arm 4 and the cathode 5. It should be noted that the slip mechanism 2 is slightly deviated, and the rope 301 is not twisted or knotted.
Further, if only one pair of arc grooved wheels 201 is used, the sliding mechanism 2 may deviate to one side integrally, so that the sliding mechanism is not moved smoothly on the upright post 1; for this reason, as shown in fig. 10, the number of the arc grooved wheels 201 is set to three, and a pair of arc grooved wheels 201 and a single arc grooved wheel 201 are respectively provided on both sides of the upright 1, so as to improve the stability of the sliding mechanism 2 when moving on the upright 1 (as shown in fig. 11, for example, the number of the arc grooved wheels 201 may be set to four).
Further, if sliding friction and rolling friction are generated between the arc grooved wheel 201 and the upright post 1, after long-time use, scratches may occur on the surface of the upright post 1, and the service life of the upright post 1 is reduced; based on this, as shown in fig. 12, a rubber sleeve 7 is fitted over the middle of the arc sheave 201.

Claims (4)

1. A cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace is characterized in that: comprises an upright post (1), a movable and rotatable sliding mechanism (2) is arranged on the upright post (1), and a lifting mechanism (3) with a lifting sliding mechanism (2) is arranged on the upright post (1); one side of the sliding mechanism (2) is provided with a supporting arm (4), and the tail end of the supporting arm (4) is provided with a cathode (5);
the sliding mechanism (2) comprises two arc grooved wheels (201), the two plate bodies (202) are opposite and in clearance fit, and the two plate bodies (202) form a sandwich structure together; the two arc grooved wheels (201) are arranged on two sides in the sandwich structure, the middle parts of the arc grooved wheels (201) form arc grooves (6), and a channel (9) is formed in the gap between the two arc grooves (6); the channel (9) is internally provided with a column (1) in a proper way.
2. The cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace of claim 1, wherein: the lifting mechanism (3) comprises a rope (301), a movable pulley (302) is arranged on the sliding mechanism (2), at least one first fixed pulley (303) is arranged above the upright post (1), and a second fixed pulley (304) is arranged at the bottom side of the upright post (1); one end of a rope (301) is fixed above the upright post (1), and the other end of the rope (301) is connected with the surface of a second fixed pulley (304) by sequentially passing around a movable pulley (302) and a first fixed pulley (303); the second fixed pulley (304) is in transmission connection with the motor.
3. The cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace of claim 1, wherein: the number of the arc grooved wheels (201) is at least three, two arc grooved wheels (201) are arranged on two sides of the upright post (1) or a single arc grooved wheel (201) is arranged on one side of the upright post (1), and the at least three arc grooved wheels (201) are arranged on the sandwich structure.
4. The cathode four-way shift assembly of an electrolytic furnace of claim 3, wherein: the middle part of the arc grooved wheel (201) is sleeved with a rubber sleeve (7).
CN202221358509.XU 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 Cathode four-way shifting assembly of electrolytic furnace Active CN217628653U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221358509.XU CN217628653U (en) 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 Cathode four-way shifting assembly of electrolytic furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221358509.XU CN217628653U (en) 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 Cathode four-way shifting assembly of electrolytic furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217628653U true CN217628653U (en) 2022-10-21

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ID=83620827

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202221358509.XU Active CN217628653U (en) 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 Cathode four-way shifting assembly of electrolytic furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN217628653U (en)

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