CN217336457U - Small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables - Google Patents

Small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217336457U
CN217336457U CN202221461224.9U CN202221461224U CN217336457U CN 217336457 U CN217336457 U CN 217336457U CN 202221461224 U CN202221461224 U CN 202221461224U CN 217336457 U CN217336457 U CN 217336457U
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water tank
valve
water
fertilizer
fertile case
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CN202221461224.9U
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胡灵云
徐文韬
张晓晶
金敏
郭璞
何月
周蓓宁
肖佳琦
张娇
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Inner Mongolia Agricultural University
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Inner Mongolia Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables relates to liquid manure all-in-one technical field, including the liquid transmission pipe, one side fixed mounting of liquid transmission pipe has first filter, one side demountable installation of liquid transmission pipe has first solenoid valve, one side demountable installation of first solenoid valve has the second solenoid valve, one side demountable installation of second solenoid valve has first electromagnetic directional valve, one side intercommunication of liquid transmission pipe has first water tank, the bottom fixed mounting of first water tank one side has first pressure sensor, one side fixed mounting of first water tank has first level sensor, one side intercommunication of first water tank has the fertile case of N. Adopt the fertile case of N, the fertile case of P cooperatees with the fertile case of K, has played and can carry out the ratio to multiple fertilizer according to the soil condition of difference, accomplishes accurate fertilization, reduces the waste of fertilizer and to the pollution of soil.

Description

Small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a liquid manure all-in-one technical field especially relates to a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables.
Background
The large-scale of current liquid manure integration equipment, the operation is complicated and expensive, is not suitable for small-size peasant household demand, and the liquid manure mode of current small-size liquid manure integration equipment mostly uses equipment such as venturi fertilizer applicator to carry out liquid manure integration irrigation, and its fertilization volume is inaccurate, and a large amount of links still need artifical participation, and the actual popularization and application degree of difficulty is great.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables has solved the operation complicacy and expensive, is unsuitable for small-size peasant household demand, and the liquid manure mode of current small-size liquid manure integration equipment mostly is used equipment such as venturi fertilizer applicator to carry out liquid manure integration and irrigates, and its rate of fertilization is not accurate, and a large amount of links still need artifical the participation, the great problem of the actual popularization and application degree of difficulty.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a small intelligent water and fertilizer all-in-one machine for facility vegetables comprises a liquid transmission pipe, wherein a first filter is fixedly installed on one side of the liquid transmission pipe, a first electromagnetic valve is detachably installed on one side of the liquid transmission pipe, a second electromagnetic valve is detachably installed on one side of the first electromagnetic valve, a first electromagnetic directional valve is detachably installed on one side of the second electromagnetic valve, one side of the liquid transmission pipe is communicated with a first water tank, a first pressure sensor is fixedly installed at the bottom end of one side of the first water tank, a first liquid level sensor is fixedly installed on one side of the first water tank, an N fertilizer tank is communicated with one side of the first water tank, a second electromagnetic directional valve is detachably installed on one side of the liquid transmission pipe close to the first water tank, a P fertilizer tank is detachably installed on one side of the N fertilizer tank, and a third electromagnetic directional valve is detachably installed on one side of the P fertilizer tank, fertile case of one side fixed mounting of P fertile case has K, one side demountable installation of fertile case of K has the fourth electromagnetic directional valve.
Preferably, one side fixed mounting of first water tank has level sensor, one side fixed mounting of level sensor has the second level sensor, the bottom fixed mounting that the fertile case of P has the second pressure sensor, the bottom fixed mounting that the fertile case of K has the third pressure sensor.
Preferably, a throttle valve is detachably mounted at the bottom end of one side of the liquid conveying pipe, a second filter is fixedly mounted at one side of the throttle valve, and a drip irrigation tape is fixedly mounted at one side of the second filter.
Preferably, a first water pump is fixedly installed on one side of the drip irrigation tape, an overflow valve is fixedly installed on one side of the first water pump, a second water tank is fixedly installed on one side of the first water pump, and a second water pump is fixedly installed on one side of the second water tank.
Preferably, a five-way valve is fixedly mounted on one side of the second water pump, and a third electromagnetic valve is fixedly mounted on one side of the five-way valve.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables has following beneficial effect:
1. the utility model provides a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables adopts the fertile case of N, and the fertile case of P cooperatees with the fertile case of K, has played and can carry out the ratio to multiple fertilizer according to the soil condition of difference, accomplishes accurate fertilization, reduces the waste of fertilizer and to the pollution of soil.
2. The utility model provides a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables adopts PLC to control whole drip irrigation system to adopt the soil sensor to carry out real-time detection to the soil condition, compare in ordinary drip irrigation system, this drip irrigation system's corresponding speed is faster, can be faster judge the current soil condition, and react to it.
3. The utility model provides a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables utilizes choke valve and overflow valve to cooperate, has played realization device's safety circuit and speed governing return circuit, thereby can avoid causing the emergence of the pipe explosion accident that the increase of intraductal pressure causes because of the circumstances such as stifled pipe, can adjust the water yield of drip irrigation zone to adapt to different crops, different seasons, the problem that the demand of different growth cycle's crop to the water yield is different, thereby reach accurate accuse water, the purpose of water economy resource, improve the practicality of device.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the overall top view of the device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the overall side view of the device of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the overall flow chart structure of the device of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. a liquid delivery tube; 2. a first filter; 3. a first solenoid valve; 4. a second solenoid valve; 5. a first electromagnetic directional valve; 6. a first pressure sensor; 7. a first water tank; 8. a first liquid level sensor; 9. n fertilizer box; 10. a second electromagnetic directional valve; 11. p fertilizer box; 12. a third electromagnetic directional valve; 13. k, fertilizing; 14. a fourth electromagnetic directional valve; 15. a liquid level sensor; 16. a second liquid level sensor; 17. a second pressure sensor; 18. a third pressure sensor; 19. a throttle valve; 20. a second filter; 21. a drip irrigation tape; 22. an overflow valve; 23. a first water pump; 24. a second water tank; 25. a second water pump; 26. five-way connection; 27. and a third solenoid valve.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments; based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a small intelligent water and fertilizer all-in-one machine for facility vegetables comprises a liquid transmission pipe 1, a first filter 2 is fixedly installed on one side of the liquid transmission pipe 1, a first electromagnetic valve 3 is detachably installed on one side of the liquid transmission pipe 1, a second electromagnetic valve 4 is detachably installed on one side of the first electromagnetic valve 3, a first electromagnetic directional valve 5 is detachably installed on one side of the second electromagnetic valve 4, a first water tank 7 is communicated with one side of the liquid transmission pipe 1, a first pressure sensor 6 is fixedly installed at the bottom end of one side of the first water tank 7, a first liquid level sensor 8 is fixedly installed on one side of the first water tank 7, an N fertilizer tank 9 is communicated with one side of the first water tank 7, a second electromagnetic directional valve 10 is detachably installed on one side of the liquid transmission pipe 1 close to the first water tank 7, a P fertilizer tank 11 is detachably installed on one side of the N fertilizer tank 9, a third electromagnetic directional valve 12 is detachably installed on one side of the P fertilizer tank 11, one side of the P fertilizer box 11 is fixedly provided with a K fertilizer box 13, and one side of the K fertilizer box 13 is detachably provided with a fourth electromagnetic directional valve 14.
In the embodiment, adopt fertile case 9 of N, fertile case 11 of P and fertile case 13 of K cooperate, played and to have carried out the ratio to multiple fertilizer according to the soil condition of difference, accomplish accurate fertilization, reduce the waste of fertilizer and to the pollution of soil.
The second embodiment:
referring to fig. 1-4, based on the first embodiment, the present invention provides a technical solution: one side fixed mounting of first water tank 7 has level sensor 15, one side fixed mounting of level sensor 15 has second level sensor 16, the bottom fixed mounting of the fertile case 11 of P has second pressure sensor 17, the bottom fixed mounting of the fertile case 13 of K has third pressure sensor 18, the bottom demountable installation of liquid transmission pipe 1 one side has choke valve 19, one side fixed mounting of choke valve 19 has second filter 20, one side fixed mounting of second filter 20 has drip irrigation zone 21, one side fixed mounting of drip irrigation zone 21 has first water pump 23, one side fixed mounting of first water pump 23 has overflow valve 22, one side fixed mounting of first water pump 23 has second water tank 24, one side fixed mounting of second water tank 24 has second water pump 25, one side fixed mounting of second water pump 25 has five-way 26, one side fixed mounting of five-way 26 has third solenoid valve 27.
In the implementation case, the whole drip irrigation system is controlled by adopting the PLC, and the soil condition is detected in real time by adopting the soil sensor, compared with the common drip irrigation system, the drip irrigation system has higher corresponding speed, can judge the current soil condition more quickly and react on the current soil condition; utilize choke valve 19 and overflow valve 22 to cooperate, played realization device's safety circuit and speed governing return circuit, thereby can avoid causing the emergence of the pipe explosion accident that the intraductal pressure increase causes because the circumstances such as stifled pipe, can adjust the water yield of drip irrigation zone 21 to adapt to different crops, different seasons, the problem that the demand of different growth cycle's crop to the water yield is different, thereby reach accurate accuse water, the purpose of water economy resource, improve device's practicality.
The working principle is as follows:
drip irrigation loop:
the drip irrigation loop is composed of a throttle valve 19, a second filter 20, a drip irrigation tape 21, an overflow valve 22, a first water pump 23 and a second water tank 24. The working principle is as follows: soil detection sensor sends detection data for PLC through the nutrient condition that detects soil, and PLC compares with the database according to current soil condition, then carries out the ratio to three kinds of fertilizers of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, in first water pump 23 was extracted to the mixed solution that will match, carries into drip irrigation zone 21 by first water pump 23 at last with liquid manure mixed solution.
A safety loop:
if the pipeline is blocked, the pressure in the pipeline can be increased, and the pipe explosion accident can be easily caused. The main pipeline of the drip irrigation tape 21 of the loop is provided with an overflow valve 22, when the pressure in the pipeline is greater than the set pressure, the overflow valve 22 is opened to unload the first water pump 23, and the mixed solution flows back to the second water tank 24 through the overflow valve 22.
A speed regulation loop:
the speed of traditional drip irrigation system rivers is invariable during, and another trunk line is installed at the end of drip irrigation zone 21 to this design to install choke valve 19 on this pipeline, through choke valve 19's opening size, control the flow in whole piece drip irrigation return circuit, and then control the speed of driping irrigation.
Irrigating and fertilizing according to a system mode, comprising:
a manual irrigation step, wherein manual irrigation is carried out according to set time, whether water and fertilizer integration is allowed or not is monitored, and if the water and fertilizer integration is allowed, quantitative fertilization is carried out simultaneously;
automatically irrigating until the water content is higher than a high limit value, monitoring whether water and fertilizer integration is allowed or not, and simultaneously quantitatively fertilizing if the water and fertilizer integration is allowed;
and the quantitative fertilization is realized by calculating the total weight of fertilization.
Primary proportioning of the solid fertilizer:
taking nitrogen (N) fertilizer as an example, the second electromagnetic directional valve 10, the two-position two-way electromagnetic directional valve is opened, tap water flows into the first water tank 7 from the liquid transmission pipe 1, the first liquid level sensor 8 is responsible for detecting the water level, when the water level reaches the set water level, a digital signal is sent to the PLC, and after the PLC receives the water level signal, the PLC controls the fertilizer barrel to add nitrogen fertilizer into the water tank. A first pressure sensor 6 is arranged below the water tank, the pressure sensor sends the total weight information of the water tank and the fertilizer to the PLC, so that the volume of the water can be calculated by knowing the cross section area and the liquid level height of the water bucket, then the total weight of the water and the fertilizer is measured, and the concentration of the mixed nitrogen (N) fertilizer and the water can be calculated by the information.
The three fertilizers are proportioned again:
nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), after the fertile first ratio of completion of potassium (K), PLC can control opens first solenoid directional valve 5 in proper order, second solenoid valve 4, 3 two-position two-way solenoid directional valves of first solenoid valve and second water pump 25, will accomplish first ratio, the good mixed liquid of ratio is inside by the suction second water tank 24, the flowmeter detects the flow of every mixed liquid simultaneously, and give PLC with flow data, PLC open time relay, add the time and make statistics of every mixed solution filling, and then calculate the volume of three kinds of rich water mixed liquids, open the 27 two-position two-way solenoid directional valves of third solenoid valve again at last, introduce the running water in the second water tank 24. Thus, the fertilizer can be applied to different crops and different soil environments accurately.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables, includes liquid transmission pipe (1), one side fixed mounting of liquid transmission pipe (1) has first filter (2), its characterized in that: one side demountable installation of liquid transmission pipe (1) has first solenoid valve (3), one side demountable installation of first solenoid valve (3) has second solenoid valve (4), one side demountable installation of second solenoid valve (4) has first electromagnetic directional valve (5), one side intercommunication of liquid transmission pipe (1) has first water tank (7), the bottom fixed mounting of first water tank (7) one side has first pressure sensor (6), one side fixed mounting of first water tank (7) has first level sensor (8), one side intercommunication of first water tank (7) has N fertile case (9), one side demountable installation that liquid transmission pipe (1) is close to first water tank (7) has second electromagnetic directional valve (10), one side demountable installation of N fertile case (9) has P fertile case (11), one side demountable installation of P fertile case (11) has third electromagnetic directional valve (12), fertile case (13) of one side fixed mounting of P fertile case (11), one side demountable installation of fertile case (13) of K has fourth electromagnetic directional valve (14).
2. The small intelligent all-in-one machine for water and fertilizer for greenhouse vegetables as claimed in claim 1, wherein a liquid level sensor (15) is fixedly mounted on one side of the first water tank (7), a second liquid level sensor (16) is fixedly mounted on one side of the liquid level sensor (15), a second pressure sensor (17) is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the P fertilizer tank (11), and a third pressure sensor (18) is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the K fertilizer tank (13).
3. The small intelligent all-in-one machine for water and fertilizer for greenhouse vegetables as claimed in claim 1, wherein a throttle valve (19) is detachably mounted at the bottom end of one side of the liquid delivery pipe (1), a second filter (20) is fixedly mounted at one side of the throttle valve (19), and a drip irrigation tape (21) is fixedly mounted at one side of the second filter (20).
4. The small intelligent all-in-one machine for water and fertilizer for greenhouse vegetables as claimed in claim 3, wherein a first water pump (23) is fixedly installed on one side of the drip irrigation belt (21), an overflow valve (22) is fixedly installed on one side of the first water pump (23), a second water tank (24) is fixedly installed on one side of the first water pump (23), and a second water pump (25) is fixedly installed on one side of the second water tank (24).
5. The small intelligent all-in-one machine for water and fertilizer for greenhouse vegetables as claimed in claim 4, wherein a five-way valve (26) is fixedly installed on one side of the second water pump (25), and a third electromagnetic valve (27) is fixedly installed on one side of the five-way valve (26).
CN202221461224.9U 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 Small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables Active CN217336457U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221461224.9U CN217336457U (en) 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 Small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221461224.9U CN217336457U (en) 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 Small-size intelligent liquid manure all-in-one of facility vegetables

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217336457U true CN217336457U (en) 2022-09-02

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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