CN216322159U - Underground coal block crusher for coal mining - Google Patents

Underground coal block crusher for coal mining Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216322159U
CN216322159U CN202123105016.3U CN202123105016U CN216322159U CN 216322159 U CN216322159 U CN 216322159U CN 202123105016 U CN202123105016 U CN 202123105016U CN 216322159 U CN216322159 U CN 216322159U
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China
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motor
coal
dust
inner container
crushing
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CN202123105016.3U
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司建礼
窦瑞军
庞伟
张秀军
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Banlii
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Banlii
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an underground coal briquette crusher for coal mining, and relates to the field of coal briquette crushing equipment. The utility model comprises a processing box, a feeding port and a discharging port, wherein one end of the top of the processing box is provided with a dust removing mechanism, the output end of a first motor is connected with a gear, a toothed ring is arranged above the outer side of an inner container, a balance wheel is arranged below the outer side of the inner container, the back of the inner container is provided with a second motor, the output end of the second motor is provided with a crushing hammer, a grinding seat is arranged above the inner container, a breaking mechanism is arranged at a crack between a sieve plate and the grinding seat, the utility model realizes double breaking of coal blocks through the combined action between the crushing hammer and the grinding seat and the addition of the breaking mechanism, the efficiency is accelerated, and the breaking is more thorough, and the arranged gear and the gear ring are matched for use, so that the crushing efficiency and the subsequent dust separation effect are improved, through dust removal mechanism, reduce the influence of dust to environment and workman, ensure the cleanness of operation environment and the health of workman around.

Description

Underground coal block crusher for coal mining
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of coal briquette crushing equipment, in particular to an underground coal briquette crusher for coal mining.
Background
Coal is one of the traditional chemical stone materials, has a plurality of uses, and can be used as fuel, coal gas raw material and the like. When the coal briquette is used, the coal briquette needs to be crushed, and a large coal briquette is crushed into small coal briquettes and then transported to a place where the coal briquette needs to be used.
According to the detection, Chinese patent with application number 202020784211.X discloses a device for crushing coal blocks in industrial production, which achieves the purpose of drying the coal blocks by arranging a fan motor, but the device also has the problem that the crushing structure is single, and when the coal blocks are crushed, the crushing is incomplete, so that the crushing efficiency of the coal blocks is low, the crushing is incomplete, and the subsequent crushing is influenced; meanwhile, a large amount of dust can be generated in the using process of the device, so that the air quality is influenced, and harm is brought to the health of workers.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Based on the above, the utility model aims to provide the underground coal briquette crusher for coal mining, which solves the problems of low coal briquette crushing efficiency, incomplete crushing and generation of a large amount of dust in the using process of the device.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a coal mining is with coal cinder breaker in pit, includes that coal mining adopts coal cinder breaker in pit, including handling case, pan feeding mouth and discharge gate, its characterized in that: the automatic feeding device comprises a processing box, a first motor, a second motor, a grinding hammer, a gear, a balance wheel, a grinding seat, a sieve plate, a crushing mechanism, a valve, a grinding seat, a grinding wheel, a grinding hole, a valve, a discharging hole and a valve, wherein the second motor is arranged in the middle of the top end of the processing box, the grinding hammer is arranged at the output end of the second motor, the dust removing mechanism is arranged at one end of the top end of the processing box, the first motor is arranged at the other end of the top end of the processing box, the gear is connected with the output end of the first motor, the inner container is arranged in the processing box, the gear ring is arranged above the outer side of the inner container, the balance wheel is arranged below the outer side of the inner container, the grinding seat is arranged above the inner container, the sieve plate is transversely arranged below the inner container, the crushing mechanism is arranged at a crack between the sieve plate and the grinding seat, the material inlet is arranged in the middle of the top end of the processing box and in front of the second motor, the material inlet is arranged at the upper position of the inner container, the bottom of the inside of the treatment box is provided with a slope, and the bottom of the treatment box is communicated with the discharge hole.
By adopting the technical scheme, the worker can realize the grinding of the grinding hammer and the grinding seat through the combined action of the grinding hammer and the grinding seat, the coal blocks are primarily crushed, and the crushing mechanism is added, so that the pressing wheel can roll the small-particle coal blocks on the sieve plate back and forth again more thoroughly, the efficiency is higher, and the cooperation of the gear and the ring gear that set up is used, make the inner bag carry out 360 degrees rotations, make wherein carrying out broken coal cinder and can roll comprehensively, also can accelerate to separate out the coal cinder of different volumes when preventing the coal cinder jam, broken efficiency and the separation effect of follow-up dust have further been improved, make the broken result of coal cinder cleaner, the dust removal mechanism of setting, make the dust that produces in the coal cinder crushing process carry through the dust absorption pipe and collect to the dust bag in unison, reduce the influence of dust to environment and workman, the cleanness of operation environment and workman's health around the guarantee.
Furthermore, dust removal mechanism includes dust absorption pipe, dust absorption pump and dust bag, the dust absorption pump is installed to the one end at processing box top, and dust absorption pump and external power source electric connection, one side of dust absorption pump is connected with the dust absorption pipe, the dust bag is installed to the opposite side of dust absorption pump.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, make the device have dust removal performance, make and carry to the dust bag in through the dust absorption pipe and unify the collection at the produced dust of coal cinder crushing in-process, reduce the dust to environment and workman's influence, make more pure of air to the cleanness of operation environment and workman's health around the guarantee.
Further, broken mechanism includes lead screw, lead screw motor, movable block, dead lever, pinch roller and protection casing, the lead screw motor is installed to the one end of lead screw, and the other end of lead screw passes through the bearing and is connected with the inner wall rotation of inner bag, lead screw motor and external power source electric connection, the outside spiro union of lead screw has the movable block, the top lateral sliding of movable block has the dead lever, and the both ends of dead lever and the inner wall of inner bag are fixed connection, the pinch roller is installed to the bottom of movable block, and the lower surface of pinch roller offsets with the top of sieve, the top of dead lever is provided with the protection casing.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, make the pinch roller can make a round trip to roll again the tiny particle coal cinder on the sieve more thoroughly, and then the coal cinder can be broken handle once more, has further promoted the crushing efficiency of coal cinder, deepens its broken degree, makes its breakage more thoroughly.
Further, the internal diameter of protection casing is greater than the diameter of lead screw, and the protection casing sets up to the semicircular structure, the both ends of protection casing are connected for fixed mode with the inner wall of inner bag.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, help playing the guard action to the lead screw, prevent that the cinder from adhering on the lead screw, influence the pinch roller and move, promoted crushing mechanism's feasibility widely, make the pinch roller round trip movement more smooth and easy.
Further, ring gear and inner bag are fixed connection, and ring gear and gear mesh mutually, the inner wall of handling the case is provided with the spout with stabilizer looks adaptation, and handles the case and be connected for sliding mode with the stabilizer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, make the inner bag can carry out 360 degrees rotations, make wherein carrying out broken coal cinder and can roll comprehensively, also can accelerate the coal cinder of separating out different volumes when preventing that the coal cinder from blockking up, further improved the separation effect of broken efficiency and follow-up dust.
Furthermore, first motor and second motor and outside electric connection, and the output of second motor and crushing hammer be the drive and be connected, crushing hammer and grinding seat looks adaptation, and the axle center department of grinding the seat has seted up a plurality of unloading holes that are crisscross distribution.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, make the circular telegram back drive of second motor smash the hammer and carry out high-speed rotation to the coal cinder that will fall into between crushing hammer and the grinding seat carries out preliminary broken handle, forms the coal cinder of tiny granule through unloading hole whereabouts to the sieve after its breakage is qualified, and the guarantee coal cinder is smashed and is got more thoroughly, more even.
In summary, the utility model mainly has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the utility model, the coal blocks are primarily crushed through the combined action of the crushing hammer and the grinding seat, the crushing mechanism is added, so that the pressing wheel can roll the small-particle coal blocks on the sieve plate back and forth again more thoroughly, the efficiency is higher, the arranged gear and the gear ring are matched for use, the inner container is rotated by 360 degrees, the coal blocks which are being crushed can be rolled comprehensively, the coal blocks with different volumes can be separated quickly while the coal blocks are prevented from being blocked, the crushing efficiency and the subsequent dust separation effect are further improved, and the crushed coal blocks are cleaner.
2. According to the utility model, the dust collection pump is started through the arranged dust collection mechanism, so that dust generated in the coal briquette crushing process is conveyed into the dust collection bag through the dust collection pipe to be collected uniformly, the influence of the dust on the environment and workers is reduced, the air is more pure, and the cleanness of the surrounding operation environment and the health of the workers are ensured.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the shield of the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 2 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a treatment tank; 2. a feeding port; 3. a discharge port; 4. a first motor; 5. a gear; 6. a toothed ring; 7. an inner container; 8. a balance wheel; 9. a dust removal mechanism; 901. a dust collection pipe; 902. a dust suction pump; 903. a dust collection bag; 10. a grinding seat; 1001. a blanking hole; 11. a crushing hammer; 12. a second motor; 13. a sieve plate; 14. a crushing mechanism; 1401. a screw rod; 1402. a screw motor; 1403. a moving block; 1404. fixing the rod; 1405. a pinch roller; 1406. a shield.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
The following describes an embodiment of the present invention based on its overall structure.
The utility model provides a coal mining is with coal cinder breaker in pit, as shown in fig. 1-4, includes that coal mining adopts coal cinder breaker in pit, including handling case 1, pan feeding mouth 2 and discharge gate 3, its characterized in that: the middle part of the top end of the processing box 1 is provided with a second motor 12, the output end of the second motor 12 is provided with a crushing hammer 11, one end of the top of the processing box 1 is provided with a dust removal mechanism 9, the other end of the top of the processing box 1 is provided with a first motor 4, the output end of the first motor 4 is connected with a gear 5, the processing box 1 is internally provided with an inner container 7, the upper part of the outer side of the inner container 7 is provided with a toothed ring 6, the lower part of the outer side of the inner container 7 is provided with a balance wheel 8, the upper part of the inner container 7 is provided with a grinding seat 10, the lower part of the inner container 7 is transversely provided with a sieve plate 13, a crack between the sieve plate 13 and the grinding seat 10 is provided with a crushing mechanism 14, the middle part of the top end of the processing box 1 and the front part of the second motor 12 are provided with a feeding port 2, and the feeding port 2 is positioned above the inner container 7, the below intercommunication of handling case 1 one side has discharge gate 3, and the inside of discharge gate 3 vertically is provided with the valve, the bottom of handling 1 inside of case is provided with the slope, and the bottom of handling case 1 is linked together with discharge gate 3.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the dust removing mechanism 9 includes a dust collecting pipe 901, a dust collecting pump 902 and a dust collecting bag 903, the dust collecting pump 902 is installed at one end of the top of the processing box 1, the dust collecting pump 902 is electrically connected with an external power supply, the dust collecting pipe 901 is connected to one side of the dust collecting pump 902, and the dust collecting bag 903 is installed at the other side of the dust collecting pump 902, so that the device has dust removing performance, dust generated in the coal briquette crushing process is conveyed to the dust collecting bag 903 through the dust collecting pipe 901 for uniform collection, the influence of the dust on the environment and workers is reduced, and the air is purified, thereby ensuring the cleanness of the surrounding working environment and the health of the workers.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4, the crushing mechanism 14 includes a screw 1401, a screw motor 1402, a moving block 1403, a fixed rod 1404, a pressing wheel 1405 and a protective cover 1406, the screw motor 1402 is installed at one end of the screw 1401, the other end of the screw 1401 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the inner container 7 through a bearing, the screw motor 1402 is electrically connected with an external power supply, the moving block 1403 is screwed to the outer side of the screw 1401, the fixed rod 1404 is transversely slid above the moving block 1403, the two ends of the fixed rod 1404 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the inner container 7, the pressing wheel 1405 is installed at the bottom of the moving block 1403, the lower surface of the pressing wheel 1405 abuts against the top of the sieve plate 13, the protective cover 1406 is arranged above the fixed rod 1404, so that the pressing wheel 1405 can roll the small-particle coal blocks on the sieve plate 13 back and forth again more thoroughly, further the coal blocks can be crushed again, and the crushing efficiency of the coal blocks is further improved, deepens the crushing degree of the mixture, and leads the mixture to be crushed more thoroughly.
Referring to fig. 3, the inner diameter of the protective cover 1406 is larger than the diameter of the screw 1401, and the protective cover 1406 is configured to be a semi-annular structure, and two ends of the protective cover 1406 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the inner container 7, which is helpful for protecting the screw 1401, preventing the coal slag from adhering to the screw 1401 and affecting the movement of the pressing wheel 1405, greatly improving the feasibility of the crushing mechanism, and making the pressing wheel 1405 move back and forth more smoothly.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the gear ring 6 is fixedly connected with the inner container 7, the gear ring 6 is engaged with the gear 5, the inner wall of the processing box 1 is provided with a chute matched with the balance wheel 8, and the processing box 1 is connected with the balance wheel 8 in a sliding manner, so that the inner container 7 can rotate 360 degrees, the coal blocks undergoing crushing can be rolled comprehensively, the coal blocks with different volumes can be separated quickly while the coal blocks are prevented from being blocked, and the crushing efficiency and the subsequent dust separation effect are further improved. First motor 4 and second motor 12 and outside electric connection, and the output of second motor 12 is connected for the drive with shredding hammer 11, shredding hammer 11 and grinding seat 10 looks adaptation, and the axle center department of grinding seat 10 sets up a plurality of unloading holes 1001 that are crisscross distribution, make second motor 12 drive shredding hammer 11 carry out high-speed rotation after the circular telegram, so that will fall into shredding hammer 11 and grind the coal cinder between seat 10 and carry out preliminary broken handle, form on the coal cinder of tiny granule falls to sieve 13 through unloading hole 1001 after its breakage is qualified, ensure that the coal cinder is smashed and is more thoroughly, it is more even.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: firstly, coal blocks are poured into an inner container 7 through a feeding port 2 and fall into a gap between a crushing hammer 11 and a grinding seat 10, a second motor 12 is started to drive the crushing hammer 11 to rotate at a high speed so as to perform primary crushing treatment on the coal blocks falling between the crushing hammer 11 and the grinding seat 10 until the coal blocks are crushed to be qualified and then form small particles, the coal blocks fall onto a sieve plate 13 through a blanking hole 1001, at the moment, a lead screw motor 1402 is started to enable a lead screw 1401 to rotate at a constant speed, a moving block is enabled to perform reciprocating movement in the horizontal direction through sliding fit between a moving block 1403 and a fixed rod 1404, a pressing wheel 1405 is further driven to perform synchronous movement so as to grind the small particle coal blocks on the sieve plate 13 more thoroughly again, the small particle coal blocks are enabled to completely crushed to pass through a sieve hole 1403 and directly fall to a lower position inside a treatment box 1 and are smoothly discharged to a discharge port 3 along a slope, in addition, the protective cover 1406 can protect the screw 1401 and prevent cinder from adhering to the screw 1401 to cause the phenomenon that the pressing wheel 1405 is blocked and cannot work, and simultaneously, the dust suction pump 902 is started to convey dust generated in the coal block crushing process to the dust collection bag 903 through the dust suction pipe 901 for uniform collection, so that the cleanness of the surrounding operation environment and the health of workers are guaranteed.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, the present embodiments are merely illustrative of the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention, and the described specific features, structures, materials or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples, and those skilled in the art can make modifications, substitutions, variations, etc. of the embodiments as required without departing from the principle and spirit of the present invention, but within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a coal mining is with coal cinder breaker in pit, is including handling case (1), pan feeding mouth (2) and discharge gate (3), its characterized in that: a second motor (12) is arranged in the middle of the top end of the treatment box (1), a crushing hammer (11) is arranged at the output end of the second motor (12), one end of the top of the treatment box (1) is provided with a dust removal mechanism (9), the other end of the top of the treatment box (1) is provided with a first motor (4), the output end of the first motor (4) is connected with a gear (5), an inner container (7) is arranged in the processing box (1), a toothed ring (6) is arranged above the outer side of the inner container (7), a balance wheel (8) is arranged below the outer side of the inner container (7), a grinding seat (10) is arranged on the upper part inside the inner container (7), a sieve plate (13) is transversely arranged below the inner container (7), and a crushing mechanism (14) is arranged at a crack between the sieve plate (13) and the grinding seat (10).
2. A coal mining downhole briquette crusher as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: handle the place ahead that the middle part on case (1) top just is located second motor (12) and be provided with pan feeding mouth (2), and pan feeding mouth (2) are located the top position of inner bag (7), the below intercommunication of handling case (1) one side has discharge gate (3), and the inside of discharge gate (3) vertically is provided with the valve, the bottom of handling case (1) inside is provided with the slope, and the bottom of handling case (1) is linked together with discharge gate (3).
3. A coal mining downhole briquette crusher as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: dust removal mechanism (9) are including dust absorption pipe (901), dust absorption pump (902) and dust bag (903), dust absorption pump (902) are installed to the one end at processing case (1) top, and dust absorption pump (902) and external power source electric connection, one side of dust absorption pump (902) is connected with dust absorption pipe (901), dust bag (903) are installed to the opposite side of dust absorption pump (902).
4. A coal mining downhole briquette crusher as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: broken mechanism (14) include lead screw (1401), lead screw motor (1402), movable block (1403), dead lever (1404), pinch roller (1405) and protection casing (1406), lead screw motor (1402) is installed to the one end of lead screw (1401), and the other end of lead screw (1401) passes through the inner wall rotation connection of bearing and inner bag (7), lead screw motor (1402) and external power source electric connection, the outside spiro union of lead screw (1401) has movable block (1403), the top lateral sliding of movable block (1403) has dead lever (1404), and the both ends of dead lever (1404) are fixed connection with the inner wall of inner bag (7), pinch roller (1405) are installed to the bottom of movable block (1403), and the lower surface of pinch roller (1405) offsets with the top of sieve (13), the top of dead lever (1404) is provided with protection casing (1406).
5. The underground coal briquette crusher for coal mining according to claim 4, characterized in that: the inner diameter of the protective cover (1406) is larger than the diameter of the screw rod (1401), the protective cover (1406) is of a semi-annular structure, and two ends of the protective cover (1406) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the inner container (7).
6. A coal mining downhole briquette crusher as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the utility model discloses a processing box, including inner bag (7), ring gear (6), handle case (1), ring gear (6) and inner bag (7) are fixed connection, and ring gear (6) and gear (5) mesh mutually, the inner wall of handling case (1) is provided with the spout with stabilizer (8) looks adaptation, and handles case (1) and stabilizer (8) and be connected for sliding mode.
7. A coal mining downhole briquette crusher as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: first motor (4) and second motor (12) and outside electric connection, and the output of second motor (12) is connected for the drive with crushing hammer (11), crushing hammer (11) and grinding seat (10) looks adaptation, and grind the axle center department of seat (10) and offer a plurality of unloading holes (1001) that are crisscross distribution.
CN202123105016.3U 2021-12-12 2021-12-12 Underground coal block crusher for coal mining Active CN216322159U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123105016.3U CN216322159U (en) 2021-12-12 2021-12-12 Underground coal block crusher for coal mining

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123105016.3U CN216322159U (en) 2021-12-12 2021-12-12 Underground coal block crusher for coal mining

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216322159U true CN216322159U (en) 2022-04-19

Family

ID=81163690

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202123105016.3U Active CN216322159U (en) 2021-12-12 2021-12-12 Underground coal block crusher for coal mining

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216322159U (en)

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