CN216265736U - Brake disc equipment auxiliary device - Google Patents

Brake disc equipment auxiliary device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216265736U
CN216265736U CN202121701470.2U CN202121701470U CN216265736U CN 216265736 U CN216265736 U CN 216265736U CN 202121701470 U CN202121701470 U CN 202121701470U CN 216265736 U CN216265736 U CN 216265736U
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China
Prior art keywords
brake disc
positioning
platform
fixed
base
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CN202121701470.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李涛
邓景山
陈选民
肖强
李瑞荣
张翼
陆超
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Guangzhou Railway Polytechnic
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Guangzhou Railway Polytechnic
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Priority to CN202121701470.2U priority Critical patent/CN216265736U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of wheel disc assembling operation, and particularly relates to an auxiliary brake disc assembling device. The device comprises a base, a lifting mechanism, a rotating mechanism, a jacking platform, a brake disc supporting seat and a positioning platform; the lifting mechanism is fixed on the base, and the output end of the lifting mechanism is connected with the jacking platform to drive the jacking platform to move up and down; the rotating mechanism is arranged on the jacking platform, and the output end of the rotating mechanism is connected with the positioning platform; the brake disc supporting seat is fixed on the base, a through hole is formed in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat, and the positioning platform is located in the through hole in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat. The auxiliary device for assembling the brake disc is convenient to operate when aligned with the screw hole, and the efficiency of assembling the brake disc is effectively improved.

Description

Brake disc equipment auxiliary device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of wheel disc assembling operation, and particularly relates to an auxiliary brake disc assembling device.
Background
When the subway vehicle is erected and repaired, all parts of the detached brake disc need to be assembled. The wheel brake disc consists of two brake discs, which are called lower and upper brake discs, respectively, depending on their mounting position relative to the wheel rim. The lower brake disc and the upper brake disc are connected by a slide block with an O-shaped ring, a bolt and a nut of M16. At present, there are two operation modes, the first operation mode is as follows: hang the brake disc to the brake disc assembly station position on, the crane wheel is put on last brake disc, hang down the brake disc and put on the wheel, guarantee down the bolt mounting hole of brake disc and last brake disc and align, insert the bolt mounting hole of brake disc and last brake disc down to the slider, O shape ring cover is on the slider, the bolt inserts in the slider hole, sheathe the nut in, the operation workman screws up the nut according to the order, when screwing up the bolt, 2 workman's operations are needed, wherein 1 workman screws up the bolt with electric spanner, 1 workman is with the cover barrel casing nut in addition. After the brake disc is assembled, workers are required to check the brake disc bolts, and whether the bolt torque meets the requirements is checked. The second operation mode is as follows: the method comprises the steps of hanging an upper brake disc on a brake disc assembling table, placing crane wheels on the upper brake disc, hanging a lower brake disc on wheels, ensuring that bolt mounting holes of the lower brake disc and the upper brake disc are aligned, inserting a sliding block into the bolt mounting holes of the lower brake disc and the upper brake disc, sleeving an O-shaped ring on the sliding block, inserting bolts into the sliding block holes, sleeving nuts on the sliding block, placing the wheels of the assembled brake disc below a brake disc bolt tightening machine through a transmission belt, and automatically tightening bolts by the brake disc bolt tightening machine until all the bolts are tightened, wherein 2 bolts are diagonally arranged at each time.
For example, patent CN204262720U discloses a bolt tightening machine for a locomotive brake disc, which realizes automatic tightening of bolts, but when assembling a lower brake disc, an upper brake disc and a wheel, the bolt holes of the three must be aligned one by one, and the bolt tightening machine needs to be adjusted manually or by a crane, which is inconvenient to operate.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a brake disc assembling auxiliary device for overcoming the defects in the prior art, which is convenient for rotating an upper brake disc and a lower brake disc to realize screw hole alignment when assembling the brake disc.
In order to solve the technical problems, the utility model adopts the technical scheme that: a brake disc assembly auxiliary device comprises a base, a lifting mechanism, a rotating mechanism, a jacking platform, a brake disc supporting seat and a positioning platform; the lifting mechanism is fixed on the base, and the output end of the lifting mechanism is connected with the jacking platform to drive the jacking platform to move up and down; the rotating mechanism is arranged on the jacking platform, and the output end of the rotating mechanism is connected with the positioning platform; the brake disc supporting seat is fixed on the base, a through hole is formed in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat, and the positioning platform is located in the through hole in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat. When the lifting platform is used, the lower brake disc is placed on the brake disc supporting seat, then the lifting mechanism is started, the lifting platform moves upwards, namely the positioning platform is driven to move upwards together, the plane where the positioning platform is located is higher than the plane where the lower brake disc is located, namely a gap is required to be ensured between the wheel and the lower brake disc, and the wheel is convenient to rotate; placing a wheel on a positioning platform, starting a rotating mechanism to drive the wheel to rotate so as to align screw holes on the wheel with screw holes on a lower brake disc one by one, stopping the rotating mechanism, starting a lifting mechanism to drive a wheel roller to move downwards until the wheel is placed on the lower brake disc; and then, continuously placing the upper brake disc, and repeating the actions to enable the screw holes of the upper brake disc to be aligned with the screw holes on the wheel and the lower brake disc one by one. The device provided by the utility model is simple and convenient to operate by the mutual matching of the lifting mechanism and the rotating mechanism, and effectively improves the working efficiency of the brake disc during assembly.
In one embodiment, the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting cylinder, a guide rod and a guide sleeve; the lifting cylinder is fixed on the base, and a piston rod of the lifting cylinder is connected with the bottom of the jacking platform; one end of the guide rod is connected with the bottom of the jacking platform, and the other end of the guide rod extends into the guide sleeve and is in sliding connection with the guide sleeve; the guide sleeve is fixed on the base.
In one embodiment, the guide rods and the guide sleeves are provided in plurality, the guide sleeves are arranged around the lifting cylinder at intervals, and the guide rods are connected with the guide sleeves in a one-to-one correspondence manner.
In one embodiment, the bottom of the jacking platform is provided with an installation block, the installation block is provided with an installation groove, and a piston rod of the lifting mechanism is lifted into the installation groove and fixedly connected with the installation block.
In one embodiment, the rotating mechanism comprises a rotating shaft, a positioning cylinder and a bearing; the positioning cylinder is fixed on the jacking platform, and the rotating shaft is positioned in the positioning cylinder; the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the positioning cylinder through a bearing; the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the bottom of the positioning platform.
In one embodiment, the brake disc supporting seat comprises a supporting frame and an annular supporting plate; one end of the supporting frame is fixed on the base, and the other end of the supporting frame is connected with the annular supporting plate; the positioning platform is positioned in the through hole in the middle of the annular supporting plate.
In one embodiment, the positioning platform comprises a fixed plate and a positioning column, the output end of the bottom rotating mechanism of the fixed plate is fixedly connected, and the positioning column is fixed in the middle of the fixed plate; the maximum outer diameter value of the fixing plate is smaller than the minimum diameter value of the through hole in the middle of the supporting seat of the brake disc.
In one embodiment, the through hole is a circular through hole; the fixing plate is of a circular structure.
In one embodiment, the positioning column is in a circular truncated cone structure, and one end of the positioning column with the larger diameter is connected with the fixing plate.
In one embodiment, the bottom of the base is further provided with a supporting leg, and the supporting leg is provided with a bolt and fixed with the ground through the bolt.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects are: the auxiliary device for assembling the brake disc is convenient to operate when aligned with the screw hole, and the efficiency of assembling the brake disc is effectively improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the utility model in relation to the position of the brake disc.
Reference numerals: 1. a base; 2. jacking a platform; 3. a lifting cylinder; 4. a guide bar; 5. a guide sleeve; 6. a rotating shaft; 7. a positioning cylinder; 8. a bearing; 9. a support frame; 10. an annular support plate; 11. a fixing plate; 12. a positioning column; 13. supporting legs; 14. a lower brake disc; 15. a wheel; 16. and an upper brake disc.
Detailed Description
The drawings are for illustration purposes only and are not to be construed as limiting the utility model; for the purpose of better illustrating the embodiments, certain features of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted. The positional relationships depicted in the drawings are for illustrative purposes only and are not to be construed as limiting the utility model.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, an auxiliary brake disc assembling device includes a base 1, a lifting mechanism, a rotating mechanism, a lifting platform 2, a brake disc supporting seat, and a positioning platform; the lifting mechanism is fixed on the base 1, and the output end of the lifting mechanism is connected with the jacking platform 2 to drive the jacking platform 2 to move up and down; the rotating mechanism is arranged on the jacking platform 2, and the output end of the rotating mechanism is connected with the positioning platform; on the brake disc supporting seat was fixed in base 1, was equipped with the through-hole at the middle part of brake disc supporting seat, location platform was located the through-hole at brake disc supporting seat middle part. When the automobile brake device is used, the lower brake disc 14 is placed on the brake disc supporting seat, then the lifting mechanism is started, the jacking platform 2 moves upwards, namely the positioning platform is driven to move upwards together, the plane of the positioning platform is higher than the plane of the lower brake disc 14, namely a gap is required to be ensured between the wheel 15 and the lower brake disc 14, and the wheel 15 is convenient to rotate; placing the wheel 15 on the positioning platform, starting the rotating mechanism to drive the wheel 15 to rotate, aligning the screw holes on the wheel 15 with the screw holes on the lower brake disc 14 one by one, stopping the rotating mechanism, starting the lifting mechanism, and driving the wheel roller to move downwards until the wheel 15 is placed on the lower brake disc 14; thereafter, the upper brake disk 16 is continuously placed, and the above-described operation is repeated so that the screw holes of the upper brake disk 16 are aligned one by one with the screw holes of the wheel 15 and the lower brake disk 14. The device provided by the utility model is simple and convenient to operate by the mutual matching of the lifting mechanism and the rotating mechanism, and effectively improves the working efficiency of the brake disc during assembly.
In one of the embodiments, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the lifting mechanism includes a lifting cylinder 3, a guide rod 4, and a guide sleeve 5; the lifting cylinder 3 is fixed on the base 1, and a piston rod of the lifting cylinder 3 is connected with the bottom of the jacking platform 2; one end of the guide rod 4 is connected with the bottom of the jacking platform 2, and the other end of the guide rod extends into the guide sleeve 5 and is in sliding connection with the guide sleeve 5; the guide sleeve 5 is fixed on the base 1. Lifting cylinder 3 plays the elevating system, and guide bar 4 and guide sleeve 5 play the effect of direction, prevent at the lift in-process, take place to rock, improve device's stability.
In some embodiments, the guide rods 4 and the guide sleeves 5 are provided in plurality, the guide sleeves 5 are arranged around the lifting cylinder 3 at intervals, and the guide rods 4 are connected with the guide sleeves in a one-to-one correspondence manner.
In another embodiment, a mounting block is arranged at the bottom of the jacking platform 2, a mounting groove is arranged on the mounting block, and a piston rod of the lifting mechanism is lifted into the mounting groove and fixedly connected with the mounting block.
In one of the embodiments, the rotating mechanism includes a rotating shaft 6, a positioning cylinder 7, and a bearing 8; the positioning cylinder 7 is fixed on the jacking platform 2, and the rotating shaft 6 is positioned in the positioning cylinder 7; the rotating shaft 6 is rotatably connected with the positioning cylinder 7 through a bearing 8; the rotating shaft 6 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the positioning platform. The outer surface of the rotating shaft 6 is sleeved with a positioning cylinder 7, and a bearing 8 is arranged between the rotating shaft 6 and the positioning cylinder 7. When the brake disc positioning device is used, the brake disc is placed on the positioning platform, and an operator can manually push the brake disc or the positioning platform to realize rotation of the brake disc.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the brake disc support seat comprises a support frame 9 and an annular support plate 10; one end of the supporting frame 9 is fixed on the base 1, and the other end is connected with the annular supporting plate 10; the positioning platform is positioned in the through hole in the middle of the annular support plate 10. The annular support plate 10 is used for placing a brake disc, and the structure of the brake disc is also circular, so that the motion of the lifting mechanism and the rotating mechanism in the middle part cannot be influenced when the brake disc is used.
In some embodiments, the positioning platform includes a fixing plate 11 and a positioning column 12, the output end of the bottom rotating mechanism of the fixing plate 11 is fixedly connected, and the positioning column 12 is fixed in the middle of the fixing plate 11; the maximum outer diameter value of the fixing plate 11 is smaller than the minimum diameter value of the through hole in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat. The through-hole has been had in the brake disc middle part, and reference column 12 is worn to establish in the through-hole, plays limiting displacement, prevents at rotatory in-process, and the skew takes place for the brake disc.
In one embodiment, the through-hole is a circular through-hole; the fixing plate 11 has a circular structure. The positioning column 12 is a circular truncated cone structure, and the end of the positioning column 12 with the larger diameter is connected with the fixing plate.
In another embodiment, a supporting foot 13 is further provided at the bottom of the base 1, and a non-slip mat is provided on the supporting foot 13.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the utility model and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be considered limiting of the utility model.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or they may be connected internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through an intermediate. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the utility model. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present invention.
It should be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely examples for clearly illustrating the present invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the present invention. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The auxiliary brake disc assembling device is characterized by comprising a base (1), a lifting mechanism, a rotating mechanism, a jacking platform (2), a brake disc supporting seat and a positioning platform; the lifting mechanism is fixed on the base (1), and the output end of the lifting mechanism is connected with the jacking platform (2) to drive the jacking platform (2) to move up and down; the rotating mechanism is arranged on the jacking platform (2), and the output end of the rotating mechanism is connected with the positioning platform; the brake disc supporting seat is fixed on the base (1), a through hole is formed in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat, and the positioning platform is located in the through hole in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat.
2. Brake disc assembly aid according to claim 1, wherein the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting cylinder (3), a guide rod (4) and a guide sleeve (5); the lifting cylinder (3) is fixed on the base (1), and a piston rod of the lifting cylinder (3) is connected with the bottom of the jacking platform (2); one end of the guide rod (4) is connected with the bottom of the jacking platform (2), and the other end of the guide rod extends into the guide sleeve (5) and is in sliding connection with the guide sleeve (5); the guide sleeve (5) is fixed on the base (1).
3. The brake disc assembly auxiliary device according to claim 2, wherein a plurality of guide rods (4) and guide sleeves (5) are provided, the guide sleeves (5) are arranged around the lifting cylinder (3) at intervals, and the guide rods (4) are connected with the guide sleeves in a one-to-one correspondence manner.
4. The brake disc assembly auxiliary device according to claim 2, wherein a mounting block is arranged at the bottom of the jacking platform (2), a mounting groove is arranged on the mounting block, and a piston rod of the lifting mechanism is lifted into the mounting groove and fixedly connected with the mounting block.
5. Brake disc assembly aid according to claim 2, wherein the rotation mechanism comprises a rotation shaft (6), a positioning cylinder (7) and a bearing (8); the positioning cylinder (7) is fixed on the jacking platform (2), and the rotating shaft (6) is positioned in the positioning cylinder (7); the rotating shaft (6) is rotatably connected with the positioning cylinder (7) through a bearing (8); the rotating shaft (6) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the positioning platform.
6. Brake disc assembly aid according to any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the disc support seat comprises a support frame (9) and an annular support plate (10); one end of the support frame (9) is fixed on the base (1), and the other end is connected with the annular support plate (10); the positioning platform is positioned in a through hole in the middle of the annular supporting plate (10).
7. The brake disc assembly auxiliary device according to claim 6, wherein the positioning platform comprises a fixed plate (11) and a positioning column (12), the bottom of the fixed plate (11) is fixedly connected with the output end of the rotating mechanism, and the positioning column (12) is fixed in the middle of the fixed plate (11); the maximum outer diameter value of the fixing plate (11) is smaller than the minimum diameter value of the through hole in the middle of the brake disc supporting seat.
8. The brake disc assembly aid of claim 7, wherein the through-holes are circular; the fixing plate (11) is of a circular structure.
9. The brake disc assembly auxiliary device according to claim 8, wherein the positioning pillar (12) is a circular truncated cone structure, and the end of the positioning pillar (12) with the larger diameter is connected to the fixing plate.
10. Brake disc assembly aid according to claim 8, characterised in that support feet (13) are provided at the bottom of the base (1), and that bolts are provided on the support feet (13).
CN202121701470.2U 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Brake disc equipment auxiliary device Active CN216265736U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121701470.2U CN216265736U (en) 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Brake disc equipment auxiliary device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121701470.2U CN216265736U (en) 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Brake disc equipment auxiliary device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216265736U true CN216265736U (en) 2022-04-12

Family

ID=81057831

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121701470.2U Active CN216265736U (en) 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Brake disc equipment auxiliary device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216265736U (en)

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