CN216156993U - Planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy - Google Patents

Planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216156993U
CN216156993U CN202121969653.2U CN202121969653U CN216156993U CN 216156993 U CN216156993 U CN 216156993U CN 202121969653 U CN202121969653 U CN 202121969653U CN 216156993 U CN216156993 U CN 216156993U
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China
Prior art keywords
solar
planting
frame
equipment controller
automatic control
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CN202121969653.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓仕权
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Hubei Lintian Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Hubei Lintian Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a planting glass house capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy, which relates to the technical field of agricultural product planting and aims to solve the problems that manual operation is needed for shading and the self-control shading energy consumption is high The position sensor is electrically connected with the illumination sensor, so that automatic control is realized, and the working efficiency is improved.

Description

Planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a planting glass house, in particular to a solar self-control sunshade planting glass house, and belongs to the technical field of agricultural product planting.
Background
In the agricultural product planting process, the growth and development have proper illumination conditions, the stronger the illumination is, the better the illumination is, the too strong illumination in the greenhouse easily causes sunburn, the sunburn of the blades often occurs in the noon of a fine day, the edges of the blades are firstly burnt, and the whole blades are burnt in serious cases. Therefore, on the premise of ensuring a certain nutrient area of the vegetables, the mutual shading of the plants is reduced as much as possible, and a certain density and a reasonable plant-row spacing are kept.
The shading aims to reduce the temperature and the illumination intensity and avoid vegetable seedlings and plants from being damaged by high temperature and strong light, and the shading is an important management content for greenhouse vegetable cultivation for 6-8 months; in winter and spring, under special conditions, shading is also needed, and the shading of the protected land can not only weaken the illumination intensity in the protected land, but also reduce the temperature in the protected land, which is quite useful when the illumination is too strong. The indoor temperature can be reduced by 2-4 ℃ by shading 20-40% of the protected area, shading is needed when the illumination is too strong or seedlings are transplanted, and shading materials are required to have high reflectivity, certain light transmittance and low absorptivity. Today's shading operations suffer from the following problems:
(1) shading needs manual operation of workers, whether shading needs to be carried out or not is judged automatically according to the sunshine condition of the workers on the day, time and labor are wasted, working efficiency is low, influence of human factors on shading is too large, and the problem that shading is damaged or shading is not timely is probably generated.
(2) The shading operation is usually to control the operation of the shading device, and the power consumption during the operation needs a more energy-saving mode to operate.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to provide a planting glass house capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy, and aims to solve the problems that the sun shading proposed in the background needs manual operation of workers, wastes time and labor, has low working efficiency and needs a more energy-saving mode to operate.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides the following scheme:
a planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy comprises a glass room body, a shaft coupling, a first bearing and a second bearing, wherein a horizontal frame is arranged at the top of the glass room body, a plurality of solar cell panels are rotatably installed on the inner wall of the frame through the first bearing, rotating shafts of the solar cell panels penetrate through the first bearing and enter the frame, the adjacent rotating shafts are in transmission connection through the gear assembly, a servo motor is arranged at a position, corresponding to the rotating shaft at the most side, of the outer wall of the frame, the output end of the servo motor penetrates into the frame and is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft at the most side through the shaft coupling, a position sensor is arranged at the bottom of the frame at one side of the servo motor, a solar power generation assembly and an equipment controller are arranged in the glass room body, and an illumination sensor is hung in the middle of the top in the glass room body, the solar power generation assembly is respectively electrically connected with the solar cell panel, the equipment controller, the position sensor and the illumination sensor, and the equipment controller is respectively electrically connected with the servo motor, the position sensor and the illumination sensor.
Preferably, the solar power generation assembly comprises a special solar controller, an inverter and a storage battery, the solar panel is electrically connected with the special solar controller, the special solar controller is electrically connected with the storage battery, the storage battery is electrically connected with the inverter, and the inverter is electrically connected with the solar panel, the equipment controller, the position sensor and the illumination sensor respectively.
Preferably, the input end of the equipment controller is electrically connected with the position sensor and the illumination sensor respectively, and the output end of the equipment controller is electrically connected with the servo motor.
Preferably, the gear assembly includes drive gear and driven gear, is located same one side be equipped with drive gear on the pivot end, be located between the adjacent pivot the inside second bearing that is equipped with of frame, the dwang is installed to the second bearing internal rotation, be equipped with driven gear on the dwang.
More preferably, both sides of the driven transmission gear are respectively meshed with the adjacent driving transmission gears.
More preferably, the rotating rod is parallel to the rotating shaft.
Preferably, the rotating shafts correspond to the first bearings one by one, and the rotating shafts are rotatably installed in the corresponding first bearings.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. the utility model provides a planting glass house capable of automatically controlling and shading sun by utilizing solar energy, which utilizes a light sensor to monitor the light intensity, sends a signal to an equipment controller when the light intensity exceeds a set value, the equipment controller controls a servo motor to rotate, a solar cell panel rotates along with the rotation at the moment, sends a signal to the equipment controller when a position sensor detects the solar cell panel, the equipment controller controls the servo motor to brake and enters a timing mode, and the equipment controller controls the servo motor to reversely return to an initial position after the time is up, so that the glass house can automatically shade, reduce manual operation and improve the working accuracy and efficiency.
2. The utility model provides a planting glass house capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy, which utilizes solar energy to generate electricity to supply power for automatically shading, is green and energy-saving, ensures the continuous operation of the device, improves the operation efficiency of the device and saves the installation space because a solar cell panel is also a component for shading.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic front view of the cross-sectional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic structural diagram of point a of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the cross-sectional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged structural diagram of point B of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a glass house body; 2. a frame; 3. a solar panel; 4. a driving transmission gear; 5. a driven transmission gear; 6. a rotating shaft; 7. rotating the rod; 8. an illumination sensor; 9. a solar energy dedicated controller; 10. a storage battery; 11. an inverter; 12. a device controller; 13. a servo motor; 14. a first bearing; 15. a coupling; 16. a second bearing; 17. a position sensor.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-5, a glass planting house using solar energy for automatic control and sunshade comprises a glass house body 1, a coupler 15, a first bearing 14 and a second bearing 16, wherein a horizontal frame 2 is arranged on the top of the glass house body 1, a plurality of solar panels 3 are rotatably mounted on the inner wall of the frame 2 through the first bearing 14, the solar panels 3 can be mounted on a rotating shaft in a whole block or in multiple blocks, but enough gaps are left between the solar panels 3, so that the rotating shaft is convenient to rotate and shade, enough light-transmitting space is ensured to be left, light cannot be completely blocked, the rotating shaft 6 of each solar panel 3 penetrates through the first bearing 14 to enter the frame 2, adjacent rotating shafts 6 are in transmission connection through a gear assembly, the normal operation of the rotating and shading is ensured, and all the solar panels 3 rotate synchronously, be equipped with servo motor 13 on the position that frame 2 outer wall and the pivot 6 that leans on the limit correspond, servo motor 13's output penetrates frame 2 inside and rotates with the pivot 6 that leans on the limit through shaft coupling 15 and is connected, provides rotatory kinetic energy, is located servo motor 13 one side the bottom of frame 2 is equipped with position sensor 17 for stop solar cell panel 3 in the horizontally position, accomplish and shade, be equipped with solar energy power generation subassembly and equipment controller 12 in the glass room body 1, the centre at the top is hung and is equipped with light sensor 8 in the glass room body 1, is used for monitoring illumination intensity, implements automatic shading when illumination is too strong, solar energy power generation subassembly respectively with solar cell panel 3, equipment controller 12, position sensor 17 and light sensor 8 electric connection, for the whole operation power supply of device, equipment controller 12 respectively with servo motor 13, And the position sensor 17 is electrically connected with the illumination sensor 8, so that automatic control is realized.
Solar energy power generation component includes special controller of solar energy 9, dc-to-ac converter 11 and battery 10, solar cell panel 3 and the special controller of solar energy 9 electric connection convert light signal into the signal of telecommunication, special controller of solar energy 9 and battery 10 electric connection store the electric energy, ensure the permanent operation of device, battery 10 and 11 electric connection of dc-to-ac converter convert voltage into the available voltage of structure, dc-to-ac converter 11 respectively with solar cell panel 3, equipment controller 12, position sensor 17 and illumination sensor 8 electric connection, for the normal operating power supply of whole device, the energy is clean, energy saving and consumption reduction.
The input end of the equipment controller 12 is respectively electrically connected with the position sensor 17 and the illumination sensor 8, the output end of the equipment controller 12 is electrically connected with the servo motor 13, the equipment controller 12 comprises an equipment control module and a timing module, when the illumination sensor 8 monitors that the illumination intensity exceeds a set value, a signal is sent to the equipment controller 12, the equipment controller 12 controls the servo motor 13 to be turned on, so that the solar panel 3 starts to rotate and shade, when the solar panel 3 rotates to the horizontal position, the position sensor 17 just detects and sends a signal to the equipment controller 12, the equipment controller 12 controls the servo motor 13 to brake, meanwhile, the equipment controller 12 starts timing through the timing module, and after the set time is over, the equipment controller 12 controls the servo motor 13 to reverse and restore the original state, so that automatic control shading is realized, and the working efficiency is improved.
The gear assembly includes initiative drive gear 4 and driven gear 5, is located same one side be equipped with initiative drive gear 4 on the 6 ends of pivot, be located between the adjacent pivot 6 2 inside is equipped with second bearing 16, dwang 7 is installed to the 16 internal rotations of second bearing, be equipped with driven gear 5 on the dwang 7, initiative drive gear 4 and driven gear 5 can use key fit or interference fit to come fixed mounting epaxial, conveniently carry out gear drive, guarantee every solar cell panel 3 synchronous rotation, the operation is unanimous.
Two sides of the driven transmission gear 5 are respectively meshed with the adjacent driving transmission gears 4, so that the normal operation of gear transmission is ensured.
The rotating rod 7 is parallel to the rotating shaft 6, so that the position of the gear is conveniently fixed, and the device is convenient to operate.
The rotating shaft 6 is in one-to-one correspondence with the first bearings 14, and the rotating shaft 6 is rotatably installed in the corresponding first bearings 14, so that the solar cell panel 3 is conveniently and fixedly installed and rotated.
The working principle of the utility model is as follows: the utility model provides a planting glass house capable of realizing automatic control and sunshade by utilizing solar energy, which utilizes a light sensor 8 to monitor the light intensity, sends a signal to an equipment controller 12 when the light intensity exceeds a set value, the equipment controller 12 controls a servo motor 13 to rotate, a solar cell panel 3 rotates along with the rotation, sends a signal to the equipment controller 12 when a position sensor 17 detects the solar cell panel 3, the equipment controller 12 controls the servo motor 13 to brake, and enters a timing mode, the equipment controller 12 controls the servo motor 13 to reverse and recover to an initial position after the time is up, automatic shading is realized, manual operation is reduced, and the working accuracy and efficiency are improved.
The device utilizes solar energy power generation to supply power to automatic shading, and green energy-conserving to guarantee the continuous operation of device, solar cell panel 3 itself also is the subassembly that is used for shading, improves device operating efficiency, saves installation space.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the utility model being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an utilize planting glass room of solar energy automatic control sunshade, includes glass room body (1), shaft coupling (15), first bearing (14) and second bearing (16), its characterized in that: the top of glass room body (1) is equipped with horizontally frame (2), rotate through first bearing (14) on the inner wall of frame (2) and install a plurality of solar cell panel (3), just inside pivot (6) of solar cell panel (3) run through first bearing (14) and enter into frame (2), adjacent connect through the gear assembly transmission between pivot (6), be equipped with servo motor (13) on the position that frame (2) outer wall and most lean on pivot (6) correspond, the output of servo motor (13) penetrates frame (2) inside and is connected with most lean on pivot (6) rotation through shaft coupling (15), be located servo motor (13) one side the bottom of frame (2) is equipped with position sensor (17), be equipped with solar energy power generation subassembly and equipment controller (12) in glass room body (1), the glass room is characterized in that a lighting sensor (8) is hung in the middle of the top in the glass room body (1), the solar power generation assembly is electrically connected with the solar cell panel (3), the equipment controller (12), the position sensor (17) and the lighting sensor (8) respectively, and the equipment controller (12) is electrically connected with the servo motor (13), the position sensor (17) and the lighting sensor (8) respectively.
2. The planting glass house using solar automatic control sunshade as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the solar power generation assembly comprises a solar special controller (9), an inverter (11) and a storage battery (10), wherein the solar panel (3) is electrically connected with the solar special controller (9), the solar special controller (9) is electrically connected with the storage battery (10), the storage battery (10) is electrically connected with the inverter (11), and the inverter (11) is electrically connected with the solar panel (3), an equipment controller (12), a position sensor (17) and a light sensor (8) respectively.
3. The planting glass house using solar automatic control sunshade as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the input of equipment controller (12) respectively with position sensor (17) and illumination sensor (8) electric connection, the output and the servo motor (13) electric connection of equipment controller (12).
4. The planting glass house using solar automatic control sunshade as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the gear assembly includes initiative drive gear (4) and driven gear (5), is located same one side be equipped with initiative drive gear (4) on pivot (6) end, be located between adjacent pivot (6) frame (2) inside is equipped with second bearing (16), dwang (7) are installed to second bearing (16) internal rotation, be equipped with driven gear (5) on dwang (7).
5. The planting glass house using solar automatic control sunshade of claim 4, characterized in that: and two sides of the driven transmission gear (5) are respectively meshed with the adjacent driving transmission gears (4).
6. The planting glass house using solar automatic control sunshade of claim 4, characterized in that: the rotating rod (7) is parallel to the rotating shaft (6).
7. The planting glass house using solar automatic control sunshade as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the rotating shaft (6) is in one-to-one correspondence with the first bearings (14), and the rotating shaft (6) is rotatably installed in the corresponding first bearings (14).
CN202121969653.2U 2021-08-20 2021-08-20 Planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy Active CN216156993U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121969653.2U CN216156993U (en) 2021-08-20 2021-08-20 Planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121969653.2U CN216156993U (en) 2021-08-20 2021-08-20 Planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216156993U true CN216156993U (en) 2022-04-01

Family

ID=80839147

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121969653.2U Active CN216156993U (en) 2021-08-20 2021-08-20 Planting glass room capable of automatically controlling sun shading by utilizing solar energy

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216156993U (en)

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