CN216069507U - Full-floating amphibious vehicle - Google Patents

Full-floating amphibious vehicle Download PDF

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CN216069507U
CN216069507U CN202120429552.XU CN202120429552U CN216069507U CN 216069507 U CN216069507 U CN 216069507U CN 202120429552 U CN202120429552 U CN 202120429552U CN 216069507 U CN216069507 U CN 216069507U
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assembly
vehicle
sequentially
module
water surface
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赵兴华
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Yiyang Tianhua Amphibious Car And Boat Co ltd
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Yiyang Tianhua Amphibious Car And Boat Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a full-floating amphibious vehicle which comprises six system modules, namely a frame module, a power module, a driving module, a buoyancy module, a vehicle body module, a control module and the like. The novel light high-speed amphibious vehicle which is 'never sealed and sunk' adopts a plurality of advanced technologies such as a titanium alloy vehicle frame assembly, a jet pump type guide pipe propeller, a high-slip type hull shell, a wheel lifting device, a combined floating box filled with EPP foam and the like, and can enable the vehicle to be always suspended on the water surface and never sunk. The vehicle has the obvious technical characteristics of high-speed safe operation on the water surface, excellent amphibious maneuvering performance and mudflat passing capacity, super-crowd and the like, so that the vehicle can better adapt to and meet various urgent needs of military and emergency departments.

Description

Full-floating amphibious vehicle
Technical Field
The invention relates to a general amphibious vehicle, in particular to a full-floating amphibious vehicle which has the characteristics of both an off-road vehicle and a water surface yacht, can be freely run on the whole land and on the water surface at high speed, can float on the water surface and never sink, and is widely suitable for three fields of military, civil and amphibious off-road sports and the like.
Background
The key technology of the light high-speed amphibious vehicle mainly reflects the aspects of high-efficiency power transmission, water surface drag reduction and speed increase, global safe operation, light weight of the whole vehicle and the like. In order to obtain buoyancy required by vehicle water surface operation, the existing amphibious vehicle generally adopts a technical scheme of 'fully sealing a vehicle body to increase the displacement', so that the sealing performance is the first problem to be solved when the amphibious vehicle operates on the water surface. In order to facilitate sealing, the existing amphibious vehicle mostly adopts an independent suspension, so that the underwater part of the vehicle body, the installation position of a transmission part and a vehicle door are all important parts for sealing the amphibious vehicle.
Regarding to the sealing refitting of a common vehicle and enabling the common vehicle to have enough buoyancy required by a suspended water surface, the patent number is ZL 201110242045.6, and the invention patent of the invention name 'an amphibious vehicle water sealing device' discloses the technical scheme as follows: the water seal of rotating parts such as an axle, a wheel-side reducer and the like is realized by means of the original parts and devices on the vehicle; the sealing device comprises an air compressor, a pressure reducing valve, a switch valve, a one-way valve, a three-way one-way valve, a respirator, a connecting pipeline and the like, wherein the air compressor is connected to the output end of the engine, and generated high-pressure air is reduced by the pressure reducing valve and then enters a box body of the axle or the wheel-side speed reducer through the switch valve, the one-way valve and the three-way one-way valve to establish high pressure so as to realize the sealing of the vehicle in a water running state.
Regarding a general amphibious vehicle, the patent application number is 202010394678.8, the invention name "a ship type bottom land and water dual-purpose vehicle" is the invention patent, the disclosed technical scheme is: a ship-shaped bottom amphibious 2-drive electric motorcycle is characterized in that a front wheel device (137) and a rear wheel device (172) are respectively arranged on 2 stepped hollow shaft rotary chassis devices (113), wherein the 1 st end of hollow shaft device (114) passes shaft sleeve device and hull type end car body (101) hinged joint, 2 nd end fixed connection cylindrical surface ladder hollow shaft benchmark shaft device (116) of hollow shaft device (114), cylindrical surface ladder hollow shaft benchmark shaft device (116) fixed connection rotation chassis disk body device (118), two arc surface devices (119), a streamline profile device (120), a wheel arch notch face device (121), a wheel arch lateral surface device (122) constitute arc surface fairing device fixed connection on rotation chassis disk body device (118), when converting into the mode on water, streamline profile device (120) participates in the simulation V type hull bottom.
The patent application number is 201710556269.1, the invention name is 'an amphibious vehicle', and the disclosed technical scheme is as follows: a straddle-type amphibian structure (10), the structure (10) supporting a high performance hull both on land and in water. The vehicle (10) has a planing type housing (40) and 4 retractable wheels (50, 51, 52, 53). The handle (54) provides directional control in two modes of operation. Each wheel (50, 51, 52, 53) is retractable by pivoting at least 45 degrees to maximise ground clearance when in land mode of operation and to minimise drag at substantial inclination when in marine mode of operation. While the jet drive (55) may remain directly connected to the engine (60) at all times, the driven wheels (51, 52) are connected to the engine (60) through a variable speed transmission (61) only during the land mode.
The invention is cited in an invention patent (patent application number is 201710300279.9) which is filed in 2017, 05 and 02 and is named as a multi-wheel amphibious special vehicle; in the patent of the invention of this application, the applicant proposes the following technical solutions: the combined type steering gear box comprises a frame assembly, an engine assembly, a gear box assembly, a comprehensive transmission box, a transmission shaft, a differential assembly, a reversing box assembly, a transmission half shaft assembly, a suspension system, a steering system, a wheel assembly, a propeller assembly, a buoy assembly, a sliding bottom plate, a clutch gear box assembly and a duct air propeller. The displacement (buoyancy) of the buoy 13a is far larger than the total mass of the vehicle, PE materials are used for foaming and filling in the buoy 13a, the outer shell is orderly wound by carbon fiber materials, when the vehicle enters the water, the two buoys 13a originally folded on the roof are orderly opened and fixed on the two sides of the vehicle body under the action of the hydraulic cylinder 13d, and the vehicle is changed into a never-sinking double-body buoyancy tank. The vehicle fully integrates multiple advantages of all-terrain vehicles, kayaks and hovercraft, does not need to be sealed, does not need to dissipate heat, does not sink, has excellent amphibious maneuvering performance, and can really realize all-terrain operation in all water areas.
Although the invention patents all relate to amphibious vehicles, the technical scheme that a combined buoyancy tank is arranged at the bottom of a vehicle body to enable the vehicle to float on the water surface and never sink is not mentioned; the technical scheme that a full-floating frame assembly is adopted to meet the requirement of conveniently assembling various buoyancy devices on a vehicle is not mentioned; the technical scheme that the torque of the engine is reasonably distributed and efficiently transmitted to wheels or a water spray pump by adopting a hydraulic power distribution box is not mentioned; the technical scheme that the problems of light weight of the whole vehicle, seawater corrosion prevention and the like are fundamentally solved by adopting a titanium alloy frame assembly and a rolling prevention frame assembly, an aluminum magnesium alloy or carbon fiber hull shell and a vehicle body covering piece is not mentioned; the technical scheme that the frame assembly, the rolling-proof frame assembly and the bumper assembly are respectively arranged is not mentioned.
In addition, the present invention also refers to an invention patent entitled "a steering transfer case assembly" filed on 09/06/2017 (patent application No. 201710797826.9); in the patent of the invention of this application, the applicant describes and plots the technical features of the steering transfer case assembly in detail.
The invention also refers to an invention patent (patent application number is 201711255017.1) which is filed in 2017, 12 and 02 and is named as a functional ship body for an amphibious vehicle; in this application, the applicant describes and plots technical features of a functional hull for an amphibious vehicle in detail.
The invention also refers to the invention patent (patent application number 202010356336.7) filed on 29.04.2020 and named as 'wheel deflecting and folding device of amphibious vehicle and boat'; in the invention patent of the application, the technical characteristics of the wheel deflection folding device of the amphibious vehicle are described and drawn in detail by the applicant.
The invention also refers to the invention patent named as the power distribution device of an amphibious vehicle and boat (patent application number 202010481189.6) filed on 31/05/2020; in this application, the applicant has described and drawn in detail the technical features of a power distribution apparatus for an amphibious vehicle.
The invention also refers to the invention patent entitled "buoyancy system for amphibious vehicle" filed on 09.09.09.2020 (patent application No. 202010937536.1); in this patent application, the applicant describes and plots the technical features of the buoyancy system of an amphibious vehicle in detail.
The invention also refers to the invention patent (patent application number 202011433738.9) which is filed in 2020, 12 and 10 and is named as the frame assembly of the full-floating amphibious vehicle; in the invention patent of the application, the technical characteristics of the full-floating amphibious vehicle frame assembly are described and drawn in detail by the applicant.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a ' full-floating amphibious vehicle ' which is not required to be sealed and never sinks '. The high-speed amphibious vehicle with the brand new concept completely overcomes the limitation that the vehicle body of the traditional amphibious vehicle at home and abroad must be sealed. By adopting a plurality of advanced technologies such as a titanium alloy frame assembly, a jet pump type guide pipe propeller, a high-speed sliding hull shell, a wheel folding and lifting device, and orderly assembling a combined floating box filled with EPP foam at the bottom of a hull, the vehicle can be suspended on the water surface and never sinks. The vehicle not only obviously improves the safe reliability of the vehicle running on the water surface, but also greatly reduces the preparation quality, namely the volume of the vehicle body immersed below the water surface, so that the water resistance can be obviously reduced, and the perfect realization of the high-speed running of the vehicle on the water surface is ensured; in addition, in order to improve the intelligent manufacturing level and the battlefield defeating capability of the whole vehicle, a human-computer interaction technology AR (augmented reality) is introduced particularly in the research, development, manufacturing and maintenance processes of the whole vehicle, and an AR assembly auxiliary system, an intelligent guide system and a battlefield sensing system are formed. Therefore, the assembly plan can be conveniently formulated, the first-aid repair of the battlefield can be efficiently guided, and the battlefield situation can be timely known, so that the assembly plan can better adapt to and meet various urgent needs of military and emergency departments.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme to achieve the purpose of the invention. A full-floating amphibious vehicle comprises six system modules, namely a frame module 100, a power module 200, a driving module 300, a buoyancy module 400, a vehicle body module 500, a control module 600 and the like.
Frame module 100 includes, among other things, a frame assembly 100A, a roll cage assembly 130, a bumper assembly 140, and a suspension mechanism 150.
The frame assembly 100A is composed of two longitudinal beams 101, a door beam 102, two side beams 103, a front cross beam 104, a rear cross beam 105, two front suspension frames 106, two rear suspension frames 107, a rear surrounding bar 108, two front support bars 109, two rear support bars 110, a U-shaped bar 111, four vertical bars 112, a front bottom cross beam 113, a middle bottom cross beam 114, a rear bottom cross beam 115, a bottom longitudinal beam 116, two engine mounting brackets 117, sixteen rocker arm seats 118, four shock absorber seats 119, a middle cross bar 120 and a rear cross bar 121.
The longitudinal beam 101 may be a combined type beam formed by sequentially connecting three independent sections of titanium alloy special pipes in order, and performing rivet welding and bolt reinforcement, or a complete channel-shaped beam formed by stamping and molding a titanium alloy material.
Two ends of the two longitudinal beams 101 are orderly welded with the front cross beam 104 and the rear cross beam 105 respectively.
A plurality of mounting holes are orderly formed on the door beam 102, and two ends of the door beam 102 are orderly welded on preset positions at the front parts of the two side beams 103.
Two ends of the two side beams 103 are orderly welded on the outer sides of the two longitudinal beams 101 respectively and are on the same horizontal line with the two longitudinal beams 101.
A plurality of mounting holes are orderly formed in the front cross beam 104, and two ends of the front cross beam 104 are orderly welded at the front ends of the two longitudinal beams 101.
A plurality of mounting holes are also formed in the rear cross beam 105 in order, and two ends of the rear cross beam 105 are welded to the rear ends of the two longitudinal beams 101 in order.
Two ends of the two front suspension frames 106 are sequentially welded to preset positions below the front portions of the two longitudinal beams 101.
Two ends of the two rear suspension frames 107 are sequentially welded to preset positions below the rear portions of the two longitudinal beams 101.
The two ends of the rear surrounding bar 108 are sequentially welded to the preset positions at the rear parts of the two side beams 103, and a plurality of mounting holes are sequentially formed in the two sides and the rear part of the rear surrounding bar 108.
Two ends of the two front support bars 109 are orderly welded at preset positions above the front parts of the two longitudinal beams 101 and below the middle part of the U-shaped bar 111 respectively.
Two ends of the two rear supporting bars 110 are sequentially welded to preset positions above the rear portions of the two longitudinal beams 101 and below the middle portion of the rear surrounding bar 108.
The two ends of the U-shaped bar 111 are sequentially welded on the preset positions of the front edge of the portal beam 102 respectively.
Two ends of two vertical bars 112 are respectively and orderly welded with the lower part of the front end of the U-shaped bar 111 and the upper part of the front cross beam 104, and two ends of the other two vertical bars 112 are respectively and orderly welded with the lower part of the rear end of the rear surrounding bar 108 and the upper part of the rear cross beam 105.
Both ends of the front bottom cross member 113 are welded in order at predetermined positions on the lower inner sides of the two front suspension frames 106.
The two ends of the mid-sole cross beam 114 are orderly welded on the preset positions at the inner sides of the middle parts of the two longitudinal beams 101.
Both ends of the rear bottom cross member 115 are sequentially welded to predetermined positions on the lower inner sides of the two rear suspension frames 107.
Both ends of the bottom longitudinal beam 116 are sequentially welded to preset positions of the front bottom cross beam 113 and the middle bottom cross beam 114.
Two ends of the two engine mounts 117 are sequentially welded to the predetermined positions of the midsole rails 114 and the rear cross bar 121.
The total number of the rocker arm seats 118 is sixteen, four of the rocker arm seats are sequentially welded at preset positions on the outer sides of the front parts of the two longitudinal beams 101, four of the rocker arm seats are sequentially welded at preset positions on the outer sides of the lower sides of the two front suspension frames 106, four of the rocker arm seats are sequentially welded at preset positions on the outer sides of the rear parts of the two longitudinal beams 101, four of the rocker arm seats are sequentially welded at preset positions on the outer sides of the lower sides of the two rear suspension frames 107, and each rocker arm seat 118 is provided with a plurality of mounting holes.
The number of the shock absorber bases 119 is four, two of the shock absorber bases are sequentially welded to the middle of the outer sides of the two front supporting rods 109 and two of the shock absorber bases are sequentially welded to the middle of the outer sides of the two rear supporting rods 110, and a plurality of mounting holes are formed in each shock absorber base 119 in sequence.
The two ends of the middle cross bar 120 are orderly welded on the preset positions on the inner sides of the middle parts of the two longitudinal beams 101.
The two ends of the rear cross bar 121 are sequentially welded to the preset positions on the inner sides of the rear portions of the two longitudinal beams 101.
The two longitudinal beams 101, the door beam 102, the two side beams 103, the front cross beam 104, the rear cross beam 105, the two front suspension frames 106, the two rear suspension frames 107, the rear surrounding bar 108, the two front support bars 109, the two rear support bars 110, the U-shaped bar 111, the four vertical bars 112, the front bottom cross beam 113, the middle bottom cross beam 114, the rear bottom cross beam 115, the bottom longitudinal beam 116, the two engine mounting frames 117, the sixteen-rocker arm seat 118, the four shock absorber seats 119, the middle cross bar 120 and the rear cross bar 121 are all titanium alloy special tubes which are processed and bent, and are sequentially bent, assembled and welded into the whole frame assembly 100A under the control of a tooling clamp.
The roll cage assembly 130 is composed of a main roll bar 131, side roll bars 132, a front roll bar 133, a top roll bar 134, a rear support bar 135, and a tile-shaped connecting plate 136.
Wherein, the shaping of two main anti-roll bars 131 is tightly carried out along the A column and longitudinally extends along the vehicle body, and the two ends of the two main anti-roll bars 131 are orderly welded with the tile-shaped connecting plate 136 respectively.
The upper ends of the two side anti-rolling bars 132 are sequentially welded at the preset positions in the middle of the two main anti-rolling bars 131, and the lower ends thereof are sequentially welded with the two tile-shaped connecting plates 136.
Both ends of the front roll bar 133 are sequentially welded to predetermined positions in front of the main roll bars 131.
The two ends of the top roll bar 134 are welded in order at the preset positions in the middle of the two main roll bars 131.
Both ends of the rear support bar 135 are sequentially welded to predetermined positions at the rear of the main roll bars 131.
A plurality of mounting holes are orderly formed on the tile-shaped connecting plate 136.
The side roll bar 132 and the top roll bar 134 do not allow for welding connection points on the same main roll bar 131 that are opposite up, down, left, and right.
The two main anti-rolling bars 131, the two side anti-rolling bars 132, the front anti-rolling bar 133, the top anti-rolling bar 134, the rear supporting bar 135 and the six tile-shaped connecting plates 136 are all titanium alloy pipes or plates, and are processed, bent or punched by a special process; are orderly assembled and welded into a roll cage assembly 130 with enough impact strength under the control of a tool fixture; the roll cage assembly 130 is sequentially and fixedly mounted on the preset positions of the door beam 102 and the rear surrounding bar 108 through six tile-shaped connecting plates 136, a plurality of mounting holes formed in the door beam 102 and a plurality of mounting holes formed in the two sides and the rear part of the rear surrounding bar 108 through a plurality of fastening bolts.
The bumper assembly 140 is comprised of a front bumper assembly 141 and a rear bumper assembly 142.
The front bumper assembly 141 is formed by orderly assembling and welding a titanium alloy special-shaped pipe under the control of a tool fixture after being processed and bent by a special process, and the front bumper assembly 141 is orderly and fixedly arranged on the front cross beam 104 through a preset mounting hole on the front cross beam 104 and a fastening bolt.
The rear bumper assembly 142 is formed by sequentially assembling and welding a titanium alloy special-shaped pipe under the control of a tool fixture after being processed and bent by a special process, and the rear bumper assembly 142 is sequentially and fixedly arranged on the rear cross beam 105 through a mounting hole preset on the rear cross beam 105 and a fastening bolt.
The suspension mechanism 150 is composed of a hydraulic shock absorber assembly 151, an upper swing arm 152, a lower swing arm 153, a connecting seat 154, a pin 155 and the like.
The hydraulic damper assembly 151 is formed by assembling a hydraulic cylinder and a damper, and has double functions of vehicle damping and wheel lifting; the hydraulic shock absorber assembly 151 has a large two-way telescopic stroke, and when the vehicle runs on the water surface, each wheel assembly 340 can be folded upwards and lifted by 300 and 500 millimeters simultaneously through the water surface operation control device 620.
The connection relationship between the components in the suspension mechanism 150 is: connecting holes are formed in the two ends of the hydraulic shock absorber assembly 151, the upper swing arm 152 and the lower swing arm 153; the middle part of the lower swing arm 153 is provided with a mounting hole; the connecting holes at the upper ends of the hydraulic shock absorber assembly 151, the upper swing arm 152 and the lower swing arm 153 are sequentially connected with the connecting seats 154 through pin shafts 155 respectively; the connecting holes at the lower ends of the upper swing arm 152 and the lower swing arm 153 are respectively and orderly connected with the connecting holes at the upper end and the lower end of each hub assembly 351 through a pin shaft 155; connecting holes at the lower end of each hydraulic shock absorber assembly 151 are sequentially connected with mounting holes on each lower swing arm 153 through a pin shaft 155; each connecting seat 154 is sequentially fixed on a preset position of the frame assembly 100A through a fastening bolt.
The power module 200 includesEngine assemblies 210, 2#Engine assembly 210A, transmission assembly 220, transfer case assembly 230, and hydraulic station 240.
Wherein the engine assemblies 210 and 2#The engine assembly 210A includes various models of gasoline engines and diesel engines; the transmission assembly 220 includes various types of manual and automatic transmissions; the engine assembly 210 and the transmission assembly 220 are sequentially connected into a whole through fastening bolts and sequentially and fixedly arranged at a preset position at the front part of the engine mounting frame 117; an output shaft at the front end of the transmission assembly 220 is sequentially connected with a front transmission shaft 312 through a transmission joint 311; 2#The engine assembly 210A is sequentially fixed at a predetermined position at the rear of the engine mount 117 via fastening bolts.
The transmission assembly 220 and the transfer case assembly 230 are connected into a whole and sequentially and fixedly arranged at the middle rear part of the frame assembly 100A through fastening bolts.
The transfer case assembly 230 is provided with a transfer operation device, and an output shaft at the rear end of the transfer case assembly is orderly connected with a rear transmission shaft 313.
The hydraulic station 240 is composed of components such as a motor, a gear pump, a control valve, a hydraulic oil tank and an oil pipeline, and is used for providing hydraulic energy for the hydraulic elements in the hydraulic shock absorber assembly 121, the water surface propeller 350 and the like to realize a telescopic function; the gear pump in the hydraulic station 240 is directly driven by the motor and is sequentially connected with each component, and each component of the hydraulic station 240 is sequentially and fixedly arranged at a preset position in the frame assembly 100A.
The driving module 300 is composed of a transmission component 310, a power distribution box 320, a differential assembly 330, a wheel assembly 340, a water surface propeller 350, an angle crawler assembly 360, an electric winch 370 and the like.
The transmission component 310 includes a transmission joint 311, a front transmission shaft 312, a rear transmission shaft 313, a transmission half shaft assembly 314, and a pump propeller transmission shaft 315.
The power distribution box 320 is composed of a box body, an input shaft, a front output shaft, a clutch operating mechanism, two hydraulic clutches, two rear output shafts and the like, and is fixedly integrated through orderly connection of fastening bolts.
Differential assembly 330 includes a front differential assembly 331 and a rear differential assembly 332.
Two ends of the front transmission shaft 312 are respectively connected with an output shaft of the transmission assembly 220 and an input shaft of the front differential assembly 331 in order through the transmission joint 311; two ends of the rear transmission shaft 313 are respectively and orderly connected with an output shaft of the transfer case assembly 230 and an input shaft of the rear differential assembly 332 through a transmission joint 311; two ends of the two front transmission half shaft assemblies 314 are respectively connected with output shafts on two sides of the front differential assembly 331 and the two front wheel hub assemblies 341 in order; two ends of the two rear transmission half shaft assemblies 314 are respectively connected with output shafts at two sides of the rear differential assembly 332 and the two rear hub assemblies 341 in order.
In the main structure of the 'one machine with two pumps', the input shaft of the power distribution box 320 is orderly connected with the front end of the crankshaft of the engine assembly 210 through a connector; two output shafts of the power distribution box 320 are sequentially connected with the two pump propeller transmission shafts 315 through the two transmission joints 311.
In the main structure of the "dual engine and dual pump", the input shafts of the two power distribution boxes 320 are respectively connected with the front end of the crankshaft of the engine assembly 210 and the 2#The front ends of the crankshafts of the engine assembly 210A are sequentially connected; the output shaft of the power distribution box 320 is orderly connected with the pump propeller shaft 315 through a transmission joint 311.
Wheel assembly 340 includes hub assembly 341, brake assembly 342, rim 343, and tire 344; wherein, each hub assembly 341 is orderly connected with each rim 343; each brake assembly 342 is sequentially and fixedly arranged on a preset position of each hub assembly 341; each tire 344 is mounted in sequence on each rim 343.
The water surface propeller 350 is composed of a machine base, a main shaft, a guide pipe, a propeller, a connecting cabin, a steering nozzle and other parts, and is fixedly connected into a whole through fastening bolts in order.
The surface thrusters 350 include various types of high-speed water jet pumps, jet pump type propellers, stern machines, and ducted propellers.
The input shaft of the water surface propeller 350 is orderly connected with the output shaft in the power distribution box 320 through the pump propeller transmission shaft 315.
The two water surface propellers 350 are respectively and sequentially fixed at preset positions on the left side and the right side of the rear part of the frame assembly 100A.
The minimum turning radius and the water surface pivot turning of the vehicle during the water surface running can be conveniently realized by respectively regulating and controlling the respective rotating speed of the two water surface propellers 350 or directly controlling the turning spray heads at the tail parts of the two water surface propellers 350 through the steering wheel 614, the turning transfer case 630 and the turning control line 615.
The triangular crawler belt assembly 360 can better meet the requirement that the vehicle safely runs in special zones such as ice, snow and the like; the wheel-track interchange between the triangular track assembly 360 and the wheel assembly 340 can be conveniently realized through the hub assembly 341.
The electric winches 370 are mainly used for self rescue of the vehicle in special occasions, and the two electric winches 370 are respectively and sequentially fixedly arranged at preset positions at the front part and the rear part of the frame assembly 100A.
The buoyancy module 400 is comprised of a front buoyancy tank 410, two middle buoyancy tanks 420, and a rear buoyancy tank assembly 430 (including 2-3 buoyancy tanks of different shapes and sizes).
The front buoyancy tank 410, the two middle buoyancy tanks 420 and the rear buoyancy tank assembly 430 are respectively sequentially processed and manufactured into hollow shells by carbon fiber materials according to the space shape and size of the bottom of the vehicle body, and then are foamed and filled by EPP polypropylene; the polypropylene plastic (Expanded polypropylene) foam material is a high-crystallization polymer/gas composite material/environment-friendly novel compression-resistant buffering and heat-insulating material with excellent performance, and has very excellent shock-resistant energy-absorbing performance and heat-insulating performance; thus the combination of front buoyancy tank 410, two intermediate buoyancy tanks 420 and rear buoyancy tank 430 filled with EPP foam has a displacement much greater than the vehicle's own weight and rated load, ensuring that the vehicle is always suspended on the water surface and never sinks, even if it is medium bounce or punctured.
The front buoyancy tank 410 is sequentially fixed at a predetermined position below the front portion of the frame assembly 100A by a plurality of fastening bolts.
The two middle buoyancy tanks 420 are respectively and fixedly arranged at preset positions below the left side and the right side of the middle part of the frame assembly 100A in order through a plurality of fastening bolts.
The rear buoyancy tank assembly 430 (including 2-3 buoyancy tanks with different shapes and sizes) is sequentially and fixedly arranged at a preset position below the rear part of the frame assembly 100A through a plurality of fastening bolts.
The vehicle body module 500 is composed of a hull case 510, a fairing 520, a hydrofoil 530, a vehicle body cover assembly 540, an interior trim assembly 550, and the like.
The hull shell 510 is a non-sealed body; the inner part of the ship is provided with a plurality of keels for increasing the strength of the ship body, the cross section of the bottom of the ship is in a shallow V shape, the bottom is a sliding surface longitudinally, and wave-absorbing diversion trenches are orderly arranged at the rear lower parts of the edges of the two front wheel frames; the hull shell 510 is sequentially fixed at preset positions below the two longitudinal beams 101 and below the two longitudinal beams 103 of the frame assembly 100A through a plurality of fastening bolts.
The defects are reserved for the front wheel, the rear wheel and the suspension device on the sliding bottom surface of the ship body, and the defects can generate large resistance when the vehicle runs on water. Therefore, the rectifying plates 520 are respectively arranged at the two sides of the rear part of the ship body, and the purpose is to cover and reduce the defects as much as possible, thereby reducing the water resistance of the vehicle when the vehicle slides in the water to the maximum extent. The two current plates 520 are respectively and sequentially fixed at the preset positions on two sides below the rear part of the frame assembly 100A.
The longitudinal section of the hydrofoil 530 is airfoil-shaped, so that the water flow rapidly flowing through the upper part and the lower part of the hydrofoil can generate larger pressure difference, and water lift power can be continuously provided for vehicles running on the water surface at high speed; the two hydrofoils 530 are respectively and sequentially fixed at predetermined positions at the rear of the frame assembly 100A and below the two cowling panels 520.
The vehicle body covering assembly 540 comprises a windshield frame 541, a vehicle head outer cover 542, a vehicle body enclosure 543, a vehicle door 544, a mudguard 545, a bumper cover 546 and the like, all the components are made of aluminum magnesium alloy materials or carbon fiber materials, and all the components are sequentially fixedly arranged on preset positions of the U-shaped bar 111, the rear enclosure bar 108 and the like in the vehicle frame assembly 100A through a plurality of fastening bolts.
The interior trim component 550 is sequentially fixed on the frame assembly 100A and a predetermined position in the vehicle body cover component 540 through a plurality of fastening bolts.
The control module 600 is composed of a land driving control device 610, a water surface operation control device 620, a steering transfer case 630, a meter integration device 640, a wheel lifting control device 650, an intelligent device 660 and the like.
Wherein, the land driving control device 610 comprises a steering gear assembly 611, a tie rod assembly 612, a steering column assembly 613, a steering wheel 614 and a steering control line 615; two ends of the steering gear assembly 611 are sequentially connected with the two tie rod assemblies 612 respectively; the steering wheel 614 is orderly connected with the steering column assembly 613 through an input shaft at the upper end of the steering transfer case 630; two output shafts at the lower end of the steering transfer case 630 are sequentially connected with a steering column assembly 613 and a steering control wire 615 respectively.
The components of the land driving control device 610 are respectively and sequentially fixed at the front lower part of the frame assembly 100A.
The water surface operation control device 620, the instrument integration device 640, the wheel lifting control device 650 and the like are sequentially and fixedly arranged at preset positions in a cab formed by the vehicle body covering assembly 540 and the interior trim assembly 550.
The intelligent device 660 comprises AR system software, AR intelligent glasses, an AR intelligent helmet, an AR intelligent flat panel display and other system hardware; the intelligent devices 660 are sequentially installed at preset positions in a cab formed by the vehicle body covering assembly 540 and the interior trim component 550.
The external dimension of the invention is not more than 5.5x2.0x2.2 m, the reconditioning mass is not more than 1600 kg, and the loading weight of 4-5 drivers and passengers can reach more than 200 kg.
The invention is provided with three main structures of 'one machine with one pump', 'one machine with double pumps' and 'double machines with double pumps' and a power high-efficiency transmission route thereof.
Three operation modes of land running, water surface operation and composite operation are arranged in each main body structure.
Wherein, in the land driving mode in the main structure of the 'one machine with two pumps': by artificially manipulating the power distribution case 320 and the transfer case 230, the engine torque: 1) the front differential assembly 331, the two front transmission half-shaft assemblies 314, the two front wheel hub assemblies 341 and the two front wheel assemblies 340 are driven to orderly run through the transmission assembly 220, the front transmission shaft 312, the front differential assembly 331; 2) meanwhile, the two rear wheel assemblies 340 and the two front wheel assemblies 340 are driven to orderly run through the transfer case assembly 230, the rear transmission shaft 313, the rear differential assembly 332, the two rear transmission half shaft assemblies 314, the two rear wheel hub assemblies 341 and the two rear wheel assemblies 340;
in the water surface operation mode in the main body structure of the 'one machine with double pumps': through manual operation, the engine assembly 210 is started to operate, the transmission assembly 220 is in a neutral position, and the four wheel assemblies 340 are respectively folded upwards by the hydraulic shock absorber assemblies 151 at the same time and lifted by more than 300 mm (wherein two front wheel assemblies 340 are completely separated from the water surface); the hydraulic clutch in the power distribution box 320 enters a 'supercharging state', the engine torque is only transmitted to the two output shafts in the power distribution box 320, and the two water surface propellers 350 are directly driven to rotate at a high speed through the two pump propeller transmission shafts 315; the steering jet at the tail part of the water surface propeller 350 is directly controlled through a steering wheel 614 and a steering transfer case 630, so that the minimum turning radius of the vehicle running on the water surface and the water surface pivot turning can be conveniently realized.
In a composite operation mode in a main body structure of 'one machine with double pumps': each wheel assembly 340 returns to the "land drive" position; by artificially operating the clutch operating mechanism in the power distribution box 320, the engine torque is transmitted through the transmission assembly 220 and the power distribution box 320 simultaneously, so that the following effects are achieved simultaneously: 1) the two water surface propellers 350 are respectively driven to operate by two hydraulic clutches and two output shafts in the power distribution box 320 and two pump propeller transmission shafts 315; 2) the front differential mechanism assembly 331, the two front transmission half-shaft assemblies 314, the two front wheel hub assemblies 341 and the two front wheel assemblies 340 are driven to run through the transmission assembly 220, the front transmission shaft 312, the front differential mechanism assembly 331; 3) the two rear wheel assemblies 340 are driven to run through the transfer case 230, the rear transmission shaft 313, the rear differential assembly 332, the two rear transmission half shaft assemblies 314, the two rear wheel hub assemblies 341 and the rear transmission half shaft assemblies.
The working principle and process of the suspension mechanism 150 for realizing 'wheel lifting' in the invention are as follows: when the vehicle enters a 'water surface running' mode, manually operating the wheel lifting control device 650 to enable the hydraulic cylinder in the hydraulic shock absorber assembly 151 to contract upwards and pull the lower swing arm 153 to rotate upwards by taking the pin shaft 155 on the connecting seat 154 as a center, so that the hub assembly 341 and the wheel assembly 340 which are sequentially connected with the upper swing arm 152 and the lower swing arm 153 are rapidly lifted upwards by more than 300 millimeters (at the moment, the hydraulic cylinder enters a self-locking state); in the "surface run" mode, the "wheel lift" device has a significant effect of significantly reducing water resistance.
The buoyancy required for the water surface operation of the present invention is provided by the front buoyancy tank 410, the rear buoyancy tank assembly 430 and the two middle buoyancy tanks 420 at both sides, which are located at the bottom of the vehicle body.
The steering of the present invention during vehicle operation on water includes in-situ steering, which can be achieved by directly controlling the rotation speed of the two surface propellers 350 or directly controlling the two steering nozzles 356 via the steering wheel 614 and the steering control line 615.
The driving operation rule of the invention is as follows: the land-based operation control device 610 operates in exactly the same manner as an off-road vehicle; when the water surface runs, only the function change-over switch in the wheel lifting control device 650 needs to be pressed, the four wheel assemblies 340 automatically deflect upwards and lift by 300 and 500 mm, and the two water surface propellers 350 start to operate; all electronic instruments (including observation equipment such as military vehicle-mounted radar, sextant and the like) on the vehicle are sealed and independently stored in the instrument integration device 640, so that the problem that a vehicle control system is possibly invalid when the vehicle runs on the water surface can be avoided to the maximum extent; the correct direction of the vehicle running on the water surface can be ensured by the guidance of the radio signals sent by the vehicle-mounted electronic equipment and the base navigation station.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention perfectly realizes the aim of the invention, comprehensively and systematically shows the key common technologies of four aspects of high-efficiency power transmission, light whole vehicle weight, resistance and speed reduction on the water surface, global safe operation and the like which are mastered at present, and has the following outstanding advantages and beneficial effects compared with similar products.
1. Scientific design, simple structure, reliable performance and excellent and super-group overall performance of the whole vehicle.
2. The standardization, serialization and generalization of the components are high, and the manufacturing technology is advanced.
3. Light weight, high speed, large loading capacity, high cost performance and wide application.
Drawings
The invention is further described below with reference to the given figures.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an appearance and a system module according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a main structure of a one-machine dual-pump power system according to the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a main structure of a one-pump power system according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a main body of a dual-engine dual-pump power system in the invention.
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the frame assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a diagram of a power transmission route of the one-machine two-pump system of the present invention during land traveling.
Fig. 7 is a power transmission route diagram of the one-machine double-pump system in the invention when the system runs on water.
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the suspension structure and its state during land driving according to the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view showing a suspension structure and its state during water surface operation according to the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a body system module according to the present invention.
Figure 11 is a schematic view of the buoyancy system module component arrangement of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view showing an assembly position of the interior trim component and a part of the component according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
As can be seen from fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, the present invention is composed of six system modules, i.e., a frame module 100, a power module 200, a driving module 300, a buoyancy module 400, a vehicle body module 500 and a control module 600, and has the significant technical features of scientific design, simple structure, reliable performance, etc.
Wherein, the frame module 100 comprises a frame assembly 100A, a roll cage assembly 130, a bumper assembly 140, a suspension mechanism 150 and other components; the power module 200 includes components such as an engine assembly 210, a transmission assembly 220, a transfer case assembly 230, and a hydraulic station 240; the driving module 300 comprises a transmission component 310, a power distribution box 320, a differential assembly 330, a wheel assembly 340, a water surface propeller 350, an triangular track assembly 360, an electric winch 370 and the like; the buoyancy module 400 includes a front buoyancy tank 410, two middle buoyancy tanks 420, and a rear buoyancy tank assembly 430; hull shell 510, baffle 520, hydrofoil 530, body cover assembly 540, and trim assembly 550; the control module 600 includes a land driving control device 610, a water surface operation control device 620, a steering transfer case 630, a meter integration device 640, a wheel lifting control device 650, an intelligent device 660 and the like.
As can be seen from fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, in order to ensure reliable impact strength of the vehicle, to ensure lightweight of the entire vehicle, and to fundamentally solve the problem of improving seawater corrosion resistance of the vehicle when used at sea, the frame assembly 100A, the roll cage assembly 130, the bumper assembly 140, the cradle assembly 150, etc. are made of a titanium alloy TC4 material; particularly, the hull shell, the body covering component and the interior component are all made of aluminum magnesium alloy 5083 materials.
As is further shown in fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, in order to maintain the interior space of the vehicle to the maximum and to ensure sufficient strength of the vehicle, a frame assembly 100A which is manufactured by machining a titanium alloy material and has an advanced structure and is originally created by the applicant is specially selected. The frame assembly 100A is formed by bending and welding a plurality of parts through a special process, and has better safety protection performance; the roll-proof frame assembly 130 is fixedly arranged on the upper part of the frame assembly 100A in order, and the bumper assemblies 140 are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the frame assembly 100A in order, so that the roll-proof and anti-collision safety performance is further improved.
As further shown in fig. 1, 10, 11 and 12, a buoyancy module 400 originally invented by the applicant is specially provided to ensure absolute safety of the vehicle when operating on water. The system module comprises a front buoyancy tank 410, two middle buoyancy tanks 420, a rear buoyancy tank combination 430 and the like, and is convenient to assemble and simple to maintain. The front buoyancy tank 410, the two middle buoyancy tanks 420 and the rear buoyancy tank assembly 430 are sequentially processed and manufactured into hollow shells by carbon fiber materials according to the space shape and size of the bottom of the vehicle body, and are filled with EPP polypropylene foams. The front buoyancy tank 410 is sequentially fixed at a predetermined position below the front portion of the frame assembly 110 by a plurality of fastening bolts. The two middle buoyancy tanks 420 are respectively and fixedly arranged at preset positions below the left side and the right side of the middle part of the frame assembly 110 in order through a plurality of fastening bolts. Rear buoyancy tank assembly 430 is sequentially and fixedly mounted at a predetermined position below the rear portion of frame assembly 110 via a plurality of fastening bolts. After the vehicle is assembled with the buoyancy module 400, the displacement generated by the buoyancy module 400 is much larger than the sum of the self weight of the vehicle and the rated load, so that the vehicle can always suspend on the water surface and never sink.
As also shown in fig. 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7, the steering transfer case 630 originally invented by the applicant is specially equipped to satisfy the urgent needs of various amphibious vehicles and boats, such as "land driving steering" and "water running steering" at the same time.
As can be seen from fig. 1, 8, 9, 11 and 12, in order to further reduce the water resistance and continuously generate water lift power when the vehicle runs in water and protect the front buoyancy tank 410, the two middle buoyancy tanks 420 and the rear buoyancy tank assembly 430 from being damaged by friction, the hull shell 510 with wave-crushing and wave-absorbing properties and high-slip properties, which is originally invented by the applicant, is specially installed. A plurality of keels are orderly arranged in the hull shell 510, and the hull shell 510 can be orderly and fixedly arranged on a preset position below the frame assembly 100A through a plurality of fastening bolts. The unique gliding bottom surface of the hull shell 510 can make the vehicle more slippery and faster on the water.
As further shown in fig. 1 and 12, in order to better satisfy the requirement of safe driving of the vehicle in special zones such as ice, snow and the like, a triangular track assembly 360 is specially arranged; the wheel-track interchange between the triangular track assembly 360 and the wheel assembly 340 can be conveniently realized through the hub assembly 341.
As also shown in fig. 2, 3 and 4, in order to better satisfy the self-rescue of the vehicle in a special occasion, an electric winch 370 is specially arranged; two electric winches 370 are sequentially fixed at predetermined positions at the front and rear portions of the frame assembly 100A, respectively.
As further shown in fig. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, in order to better satisfy the use requirements of the amphibious vehicle in various working conditions such as land driving, water running and water entering and exiting, a power transmission system which is characterized by a power distribution box 320 and is unique is specially arranged. The system has three functions of independent work of a drive axle, independent work of a propulsion device and simultaneous work of the drive axle and the propulsion device, namely three power transmission systems, and can well meet the requirement of efficient power transmission of vehicles in three modes of land running, water surface running and composite running.
As further shown in fig. 2, 3 and 4, in order to improve and enhance the water propulsion efficiency of the vehicle, a water propeller 350 is specially provided, which includes a jet pump type propeller originally invented by the present applicant. The advanced water jet propulsion device fully integrates multiple advantages of a water jet pump and a ducted propeller, and has the advantages of high propulsion efficiency, small attached body resistance, good protective performance, flexible water surface steering, small steering radius and good shallow water performance, thereby better solving two technical problems of high-efficiency water surface propulsion and flexible water surface steering. By combining the wheel folding lifting technology and the streamline hull sliding bottom surface design, the torque of the engine can be exerted to the limit on the premise of configuring a common 2.5L displacement engine for a common car, and the maximum speed per hour of the running of the vehicle on the water surface can completely reach over 65 km.
As further shown in fig. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, in order to significantly reduce the water resistance, a suspension mechanism 150 which is originally created by the applicant and can easily realize the wheel folding lift is specially provided. Research and tests show that the wheels and the suspension devices immersed in water can generate huge driving resistance on water, and the resistance of the wheel parts in water accounts for about 25-45% of the total resistance of the vehicle in water. After the advanced suspension mechanism 150 is adopted, when the vehicle runs on water, the four wheel assemblies 340 can automatically deflect upwards and lift for 300 and 500 mm only by pressing down the function change-over switch arranged in the wheel lifting control device 650 in the cab, and the four wheel assemblies are completely separated from the water surface. And meanwhile, the water resistance of the vehicle sliding in water can be greatly reduced by matching with a streamlined chassis.
As can be seen from fig. 1, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, when the vehicle is traveling in water, the frame assembly 100A and the hull shell 510 support the entire pressure and load of the vehicle. In order to better solve the problem of poor streamline of a common chassis shell and obviously reduce the navigation resistance in water, the streamline gliding type hull chassis is specially designed; the hull shell 510 is in a 'submachine boat or yacht' shape, and can bear the water pressure when the ship runs on the water surface at high speed by using a 5083 aluminum magnesium alloy plate one-time molding process; the fin-shaped fairing 520 is additionally arranged on the two sides of the rear part of the hull chassis, so that the vehicle has good stability and maneuverability when running on the water surface at high speed, and the hydrofoil 530 with the airfoil-shaped section is additionally arranged below the fairing 520, so that the vehicle can continuously generate aquatic power when running on the water surface at high speed, the water resistance when running on the water surface at high speed can be effectively reduced, the efficiency of an engine can be fully exerted, and the vehicle can enter a water-skiing navigation state more easily.
As further shown in fig. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, a hydraulic station 240 is specially provided for supplying hydraulic energy to the hydraulic components such as the hydraulic shock absorber assembly 151 to achieve the telescopic function; the hydraulic station 240 is composed of a motor, a gear pump, a control valve, a hydraulic oil tank, an oil pipeline and other parts; the components in the hydraulic station 240 are sequentially connected and sequentially and fixedly arranged on the preset position of the frame assembly 100A.
As further shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, fig. 7, fig. 8, fig. 9, fig. 10, fig. 11 and fig. 12, the present invention better integrates the multiple advantages of off-road vehicles and yachts, and can realize land-based global mobility and superior intertidal capacity; the water is rapid and flexible, and the water can be sealed and never sunk, and can realize low-cost series and deep development, quickly form a light high-speed amphibious chariot vehicle family, and better meet various actual requirements in military and commercial aspects.

Claims (7)

1. A full-floating amphibious vehicle is composed of six system modules, namely a frame module (100), a power module (200), a driving module (300), a buoyancy module (400), a vehicle body module (500) and a control module (600); characterized in that the frame module (100) comprises a frame assembly (100A), a roll cage assembly (130), a bumper assembly (140) and a suspension mechanism (150); the power module (200) includes an engine assembly (210), a transmission assembly (220), a transfer case assembly (230), and a hydraulic station (240); the driving module (300) consists of a transmission part (310), a power distribution box (320), a differential assembly (330), a wheel assembly (340), a water surface propeller (350), a triangular crawler assembly (360) and an electric winch (370); the buoyancy module (400) consists of a front buoyancy tank (410), two middle buoyancy tanks (420) and a rear buoyancy tank combination (430); the vehicle body module (500) consists of a hull shell (510), a fairing (520), a hydrofoil (530), a vehicle body covering component (540) and an interior trim component (550); the control module (600) is composed of a land running control device (610), a water surface running control device (620), a steering transfer case (630), an instrument integration device (640), a wheel lifting control device (650) and intelligent equipment (660).
2. A full-floating amphibious vehicle according to claim 1, characterised in that said frame assembly (100A) consists of two longitudinal beams (101), a portal beam (102), two edge beams (103), a front cross beam (104), a rear cross beam (105), two front suspension frames (106), two rear suspension frames (107), a rear surrounding bar (108), two front support bars (109), two rear support bars (110), a U-shaped bar (111), four vertical bars (112), a front bottom cross beam (113), a middle bottom cross beam (114), a rear bottom cross beam (115), a bottom longitudinal beam (116), two engine mounts (117), sixteen rocker arm seats (118), four shock absorber seats (119), a middle cross bar (120) and a rear cross bar (121), all the parts are made of titanium alloy materials, and are orderly assembled and welded into a whole frame assembly (100A) under the control of a tool fixture after being bent and formed; the roll cage assembly (130) is composed of a main roll bar (131), a side roll bar (132), a front roll bar (133), a top roll bar (134), a rear support bar (135) and a tile-shaped connecting plate (136), all the components are made of titanium alloy materials, are sequentially assembled and welded under the control of a tool fixture after being bent and formed to form the roll cage assembly (130) whole, and are sequentially and fixedly arranged on the preset positions of the portal beam (102) and the rear surrounding bar (108) through a plurality of fastening bolts; the bumper assembly (140) comprises a front bumper assembly (141) and a rear bumper assembly (142), which are made of titanium alloy materials, are orderly assembled and welded under the control of a tool clamp after being bent and formed, and are orderly and fixedly arranged on the preset positions of the front cross beam (104) and the rear cross beam (105) through fastening bolts; the suspension mechanism (150) is composed of a hydraulic shock absorber assembly (151), an upper swing arm (152), a lower swing arm (153), a connecting seat (154) and a pin shaft (155) in order; when the vehicle runs on the water surface, each wheel assembly (340) or each triangular crawler assembly (360) can be folded upwards at the same time by the water surface operation control device (620) and lifted by more than 300 mm.
3. The full-floating amphibious vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the engine assembly (210) and the transmission assembly (220) in the power module (200) are sequentially and integrally connected through fastening bolts and are sequentially and fixedly arranged at preset positions in front of the engine mounting frame (117); the transmission assembly (220) and the transfer case assembly (230) are connected into a whole and are sequentially and fixedly arranged at a preset position of the frame assembly (100A) through a fastening bolt; an output shaft at the front end of the transmission assembly (220) is sequentially connected with a front transmission shaft (312) through a transmission joint (311); a transfer operation device is arranged in the transfer case assembly (230), and an output shaft of the transfer case assembly (230) is orderly connected with a rear transmission shaft (313); the gear pump in the hydraulic station (240) is directly driven by the motor, and the hydraulic station (240) provides hydraulic energy for the hydraulic shock absorber assembly (151) and the hydraulic elements in the water surface propeller (350) to achieve the telescopic function.
4. A fully floating amphibious vehicle according to claim 1, characterised in that the transmission means (310) in the drive module (300) comprises a transmission joint (311), a front transmission shaft (312), a rear transmission shaft (313), a transmission half shaft assembly (314) and a pump propeller shaft (315); the power distribution box (320) consists of a box body, an input shaft, a clutch operating mechanism, a hydraulic clutch and an output shaft; the differential assembly (330) comprises a front differential assembly (331) and a rear differential assembly (332); two ends of the front transmission shaft (312) are sequentially connected with an output shaft of the transmission assembly (220) and an input shaft of the front differential assembly (331) through transmission joints (311) respectively; two ends of the rear transmission shaft (313) are sequentially connected with an output shaft of the transfer case assembly (230) and an input shaft of the rear differential assembly (332) through transmission joints (311) respectively; in the main structure of the 'one machine with double pumps', an input shaft of the power distribution box (320) is orderly connected with the front end of a crankshaft of an engine assembly (210) through a connector; in the main structure of the double-engine double-pump, the input shafts of the two power distribution boxes (320) are respectively connected with the front end of the crankshaft of the engine assembly (210) and the front end 2 of the crankshaft of the engine assembly (210) through connectors#The front ends of the crankshafts of the engine assembly (210A) are sequentially connected; the output shaft of the power distribution box (320) is orderly connected with a pump propeller transmission shaft (315) through a transmission joint (311); two ends of the two front transmission half shaft assemblies (314) are respectively connected with output shafts on two sides of the front differential assembly (331) and the two front wheel hub assemblies (341) in order; two ends of the two rear transmission half shaft assemblies (314) are respectively connected with output shafts on two sides of the rear differential assembly (332) and the two rear wheel hub assemblies (341) in order; the wheel assembly (340) comprises wheel hub assemblies (341), brake assemblies (342), wheel rims (343) and tires (344), wherein each wheel hub assembly (341) is orderly connected with each wheel rim (343) through a fastening bolt, and each brake assembly (342) is orderly and fixedly arranged on each wheel hub assemblyEach tire (344) is fixedly arranged on each wheel rim (343) in sequence on the wheel rim (341); the water surface propeller (350) comprises a jet pump type propeller, a high-speed water jet pump, a stern machine and a guide pipe propeller, wherein the jet pump type propeller consists of a machine base, a main shaft, a guide pipe, a propeller, a connecting cabin and a steering nozzle and is fixedly connected into a whole through fastening bolts in order; an input shaft of the water surface propeller (350) is orderly connected with an output shaft in the power distribution box (320) through a pump propeller transmission shaft (315); the two water surface propellers (350) are respectively and sequentially fixedly arranged on preset positions on two sides of the rear part of the frame assembly (100A) through a base and fastening bolts; the minimum turning radius and the water surface in-situ turning can be conveniently realized when the vehicle runs on the water surface by directly regulating the respective rotating speed of the two water surface propellers (350) or directly controlling the steering jet at the tail part of the water surface propeller (350) through a steering wheel (614), a steering transfer case (630) and a steering control line (615); the triangular track assembly (360) is interchangeable with the wheel assembly (340) through a hub assembly (341); the two electric winches (370) are respectively and sequentially fixedly arranged on the preset positions of the front part and the rear part of the frame assembly (100A).
5. The full-floating amphibious vehicle according to claim 1, wherein said front buoyancy tank (410), said two middle buoyancy tanks (420) and said rear buoyancy tank combination (430) in the buoyancy module (400) are sequentially processed and manufactured into hollow shells from carbon fiber materials according to the space shape and size of the vehicle body bottom, and then are filled with EPP polypropylene foam, and have a water displacement far larger than the self weight and rated load of the vehicle, so that the vehicle can be ensured to be always suspended on the water surface and never sink; the front buoyancy box (410) is sequentially and fixedly arranged at a preset position below the front part of the frame assembly (100A) through a plurality of fastening bolts; the two middle buoyancy tanks (420) are sequentially and fixedly arranged at preset positions below the left side and the right side of the middle part of the frame assembly (100A) through a plurality of fastening bolts; the rear buoyancy tank combination (430) is orderly and fixedly arranged on a preset position below the rear part of the frame assembly (100A) through a plurality of fastening bolts.
6. A fully floating amphibious vehicle according to claim 1, characterised in that the hull shell (510) in the body module (500) is non-sealing; the inner part of the ship is provided with a plurality of keels for increasing the strength of the ship body, the cross section of the bottom of the ship is in a shallow V shape, the bottom is a sliding surface longitudinally, and wave-absorbing diversion trenches are orderly arranged at the rear lower parts of the edges of the two front wheel frames; the hull shell (510) is orderly and fixedly arranged at preset positions below two longitudinal beams (101) and below two side beams (103) of the frame assembly (100A) through a plurality of fastening bolts; the two rectifying plates (520) are respectively and sequentially fixedly arranged at preset positions on two sides below the rear part of the frame assembly (100A); the longitudinal section of each hydrofoil (530) is in the shape of an airplane wing, and the two hydrofoils (530) are respectively and fixedly arranged at preset positions below the two rectifying plates (520) at the rear part of the frame assembly (100A) in order; the vehicle body covering assembly (540) consists of a windshield frame (541), a vehicle head outer cover (542), a vehicle body enclosure cover (543), a vehicle door (544), a mudguard (545) and a bumper cover (546), wherein all the components are made of aluminum-magnesium alloy materials or carbon fiber materials and are sequentially and fixedly arranged on preset positions of a U-shaped bar (111) and a rear enclosure bar (108) in the vehicle frame assembly (100A) through a plurality of fastening bolts; the interior trim component (550) is orderly and fixedly arranged on the frame assembly (100A) and a preset position in the vehicle body covering component (540) through a plurality of fastening bolts.
7. A fully floating amphibious vehicle according to claim 1, where said land going steering means (610) in steering module (600) comprises steering gear assembly (611), track rod assembly (612), steering column assembly (613), steering wheel (614) and steering control line (615); wherein, two ends of the steering gear assembly (611) are respectively connected with the two tie rod assemblies (612) in order; the steering wheel (614) is orderly connected with a steering column assembly (613) through an input shaft at the upper end of a steering transfer case (630); two output shafts at the lower end of the steering transfer case (630) are sequentially connected with a steering column assembly (613) and a steering control line (615) respectively; all parts of the land running control device (610) are respectively and sequentially fixedly arranged at the front lower part of the frame assembly (100A); the water surface operation control device (620), the instrument integration device (640) and the wheel lifting control device (650) are sequentially and fixedly arranged at preset positions in a cab; the intelligent equipment (660) comprises system hardware AR system software, AR intelligent glasses, an AR intelligent helmet and an AR intelligent flat panel display, and each intelligent equipment (660) is orderly arranged at a preset position in a cab formed by the vehicle body covering component (540) and the interior component (550).
CN202120429552.XU 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 Full-floating amphibious vehicle Active CN216069507U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120429552.XU CN216069507U (en) 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 Full-floating amphibious vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120429552.XU CN216069507U (en) 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 Full-floating amphibious vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216069507U true CN216069507U (en) 2022-03-18

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Country Link
CN (1) CN216069507U (en)

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