CN216063753U - Solid waste sorting equipment - Google Patents

Solid waste sorting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216063753U
CN216063753U CN202122714727.4U CN202122714727U CN216063753U CN 216063753 U CN216063753 U CN 216063753U CN 202122714727 U CN202122714727 U CN 202122714727U CN 216063753 U CN216063753 U CN 216063753U
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China
Prior art keywords
air
discharge
shot blasting
communicated
hopper
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CN202122714727.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕殿朝
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Shandong Xinhui Kefeng Renewable Resources Technology Co ltd
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Shandong Xinhui Kefeng Renewable Resources Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of solid material separation, in particular to solid waste separation equipment which comprises a shot blasting ash magnetic separator, wherein the shot blasting ash magnetic separator comprises a support, a feeding hopper, a discharging hopper, a motor-driven chain transmission and a plurality of magnetic rollers, the shot blasting ash magnetic separator also comprises an industrial dust collector and an air box arranged above the support, the air box is sequentially provided with a sealed air outlet cavity and an air suction cavity from top to bottom, and the air suction cavity covers the plurality of magnetic rollers; the top of the air outlet cavity is provided with an air inlet; the bottom of the air outlet cavity is provided with a plurality of air outlets, and the air outlets correspond to the axial direction of the magnetic roller; an air suction opening is formed in the side wall of the air suction cavity; the suction inlet of the industrial dust collector is communicated with the suction inlet, and the air outlet pipe of the industrial dust collector is communicated with the air inlet. Thereby reducing dust pollution and improving the treatment quality of shot blasting ash.

Description

Solid waste sorting equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of solid material separation, in particular to solid waste sorting equipment.
Background
The shot blasting ash is also called iron ash or iron powder, is the powder of steel shots and various burrs and powder cleaned from the surface of a workpiece in the process of shot blasting and shot blasting, and the main component is iron, such as high carbon steel, low carbon steel, stainless steel ash and the like. Meanwhile, a certain amount of dust is contained in the shot blasting dust, so that the environment is greatly polluted. The existing shot blasting ash magnetic separator comprises four-wheel, six-wheel or eight-wheel magnetic separator, and belongs to one of dry magnetic separators. As shown in fig. 1, the main structure of the conventional shot blasting ash magnetic separator comprises a support 1A, wherein a plurality of magnetic rollers 3A are arranged on the support 1A; a feed hopper 2A is arranged beside the magnetic roller 3A at one end of the bracket 1A, and a discharge hopper 4A is arranged at the other end; a discharge hopper 7A is arranged below the magnetic roller 3A; the magnetic rollers 3A rotate synchronously through the motor 5A and the chain transmission 6A. Broken iron and iron powder in the shot blasting ash are discharged from the discharge hopper 4A, and waste sand in the shot blasting ash is discharged from the discharge hopper 7A. A common manufacturer for producing the magnetic separator for shot blasting ash is a Qingdao lucky mechanical processing plant (reference website http:// china. makepolo. com/product-picture/100198188662_0. html).
In the process of using the shot blasting ash magnetic separator, dust in shot blasting ash can be suspended in the air to cause work environment pollution, and meanwhile, iron floccules adsorbed by the magnetic roller 3A are also doped with some dust or waste sand, so that the treatment of the dust and the waste sand in the shot blasting ash needs to be improved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to overcome the defects and shortcomings in the prior art, and provides solid waste sorting equipment which can improve the treatment effect of dust in shot blasting ash and improve the working environment.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides solid waste sorting equipment which comprises a shot blasting ash magnetic separator, wherein the shot blasting ash magnetic separator comprises a support, a feeding hopper, a discharging hopper, a motor-driven chain transmission and a plurality of magnetic rollers, the shot blasting ash magnetic separator also comprises an industrial dust collector and an air box arranged above the support, the air box is sequentially provided with a sealed air outlet cavity and an air suction cavity from top to bottom, and the air suction cavity covers the plurality of magnetic rollers; the top of the air outlet cavity is provided with an air inlet; the bottom of the air outlet cavity is provided with a plurality of air outlets, and the air outlets correspond to the axial direction of the magnetic roller; an air suction opening is formed in the side wall of the air suction cavity; and the suction inlet of the industrial dust collector is communicated with the suction inlet, and the air outlet pipe of the industrial dust collector is communicated with the air inlet.
The solid waste sorting equipment further comprises a shell and a conveying assembly, wherein the shell is divided into a shot blasting ash treatment chamber and a discharging chamber, and the discharging chamber is communicated with the feed hopper in a sealing manner through the conveying assembly; the shot blasting ash magnetic separator is arranged inside the shot blasting ash treatment chamber; the discharging chamber is communicated with the suction inlet.
Further, the bottom of the discharge hopper is connected with a waste sand storage bag.
Furthermore, the discharge hopper is connected with a vibrating screen, and the discharge end of the vibrating screen penetrates through the shell.
Furthermore, a discharge pit is arranged in the discharge chamber, a discharge hopper is arranged in the discharge pit, and the discharge hopper is communicated with the conveying assembly; the inner surface of the discharge hopper is provided with a plurality of knife boards, and the tops of the knife boards are intersected on one point of the central axis of the discharge hopper.
Further, the conveying assembly comprises a spiral conveyor and a bucket elevator, and a feed inlet A of the spiral conveyor is communicated with the discharge hopper in a sealing manner; the discharge hole A of the spiral conveyor is communicated with the feed hole B of the bucket elevator in a sealing way; and a discharge port B of the bucket elevator is communicated with the feed hopper in a sealing way.
Further, the number of the magnetic rollers is 8.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: dust pollution of the working environment is reduced; the iron floccules adsorbed on the magnetic roller are blown away by utilizing the industrial dust collector and the air box, nonmagnetic dust and waste sand are separated, the dust is sucked away by the industrial dust collector, and the waste sand falls into the waste sand storage bag, so that the treatment effect of the dust and the waste sand in the shot blasting dust is further improved; meanwhile, the broken iron slag and the iron powder can be separated by using the vibrating screen, the iron powder is used for subsequent use, large-particle impurities and doped waste sand can be screened, and the treatment quality of shot blasting ash is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the prior art.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a top view of the knife plate of fig. 2.
Wherein: 1. a discharge pit; 2. a screw conveyor; 3. a bucket elevator; 4. a shot blasting ash magnetic separator; 5. an air box; 6. industrial vacuum cleaners; 7. vibrating screen; 8. a housing; 9. a waste sand storage bag; 11. a cutting board; 51. an air outlet cavity; 52. an air outlet; 53. an air inlet; 54. a suction chamber; 55. an air suction opening; 61. an air outlet pipe; 62. a suction inlet.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the utility model provides a solid waste sorting device, which comprises a shot blasting ash magnetic separator 4, wherein the shot blasting ash magnetic separator 4 comprises a support, a feed hopper, a discharge hopper, a motor-driven chain transmission and a plurality of magnetic rollers, the shot blasting ash magnetic separator 4 further comprises an industrial dust collector 6 and an air box 5 arranged above the support, the air box 5 is sequentially provided with a sealed air outlet cavity 51 and an air suction cavity 54 from top to bottom, and the air suction cavity 54 covers the plurality of magnetic rollers; the top of the air outlet cavity 51 is provided with an air inlet 53; the bottom of the air outlet cavity 51 is provided with a plurality of air outlets 52, and the air outlets 52 correspond to the axial direction of the magnetic roller; an air suction opening 55 is formed in the side wall of the air suction cavity 54; the suction inlet 62 of the industrial dust collector 6 is communicated with the suction inlet 55, and the air outlet pipe 61 of the industrial dust collector 6 is communicated with the air inlet 53.
When the device is used, wind enters the wind outlet cavity 51 from the wind outlet pipe 61 of the industrial dust collector 6 through the wind inlet 53, then wind power is discharged from the wind outlet 52 at the bottom of the wind outlet cavity 51, iron flocs on the magnetic roller are blown away, dust and waste sand in the iron flocs are separated, magnetic substances are adsorbed by the magnetic roller again, the dust is absorbed by the industrial dust collector 6, and the waste sand is discharged through the discharge hopper.
Optionally, the number of magnetic rollers is 4.
Alternatively, the number of the magnetic rollers can be increased to 6 on the basis of the above-mentioned 4 magnetic rollers.
Preferably, the number of the magnetic rollers can be increased to 8 on the basis of the above-mentioned 4 magnetic rollers.
As an embodiment of the utility model, the solid waste sorting equipment further comprises a shell 8 and a conveying assembly, wherein the shell 8 is divided into a shot blasting ash treatment chamber and a discharging chamber, and the discharging chamber is communicated with a feed hopper in a sealing manner through the conveying assembly; the shot blasting ash magnetic separator 4 is arranged inside the shot blasting ash treatment chamber; the discharge chamber communicates with the suction port 62. When the device is used, materials such as shot blasting ash and the like enter the conveying assembly through the discharging chamber.
As an embodiment of the utility model, the bottom of the discharge hopper is connected with a waste sand storage bag 9, which is convenient for collecting and treating waste sand.
As an embodiment of the utility model, the discharge hopper is connected with a vibrating screen 7, the discharge end of the vibrating screen 7 penetrates through the shell 8, so that the broken iron slag, the waste sand and the large-particle impurities can be screened out, and the rest iron powder is used for further use.
As an embodiment of the utility model, a discharge pit 1 is arranged in the discharge chamber, and a discharge hopper is arranged in the discharge pit 1 and communicated with the conveying assembly; the inner surface of the discharge hopper is provided with a plurality of knife boards 11, and the tops of the knife boards 11 are intersected on one point of the central axis of the discharge hopper. When shot blasting ash enters the discharging hopper, the knife board 11 can improve the flowing speed of the shot blasting ash, so that the dust pollution in the discharging chamber is reduced, and the working environment is improved.
As an embodiment of the utility model, the conveying assembly comprises a spiral conveyor 2 and a bucket elevator 3, wherein a feed inlet A of the spiral conveyor 2 is communicated with a discharge hopper in a sealing way; a discharge hole A of the screw conveyor 2 is hermetically communicated with a feed hole B of the bucket elevator 3; the discharge port B of the bucket elevator 3 is communicated with the feed hopper in a sealing way.
Therefore, the utility model can also be used in the fields of building materials, chemical industry, cement plants, mineral products and the like.
In summary, the screw conveyor 2, also called flood dragon, is a machine that uses a motor to drive a screw to rotate and push materials to achieve the purpose of conveying. The screw conveyor is prior art and will not be described in detail.
The bucket elevator 3 is a continuous conveying machine for vertically lifting materials by utilizing a series of hoppers uniformly and fixedly connected to an endless traction member, the bucket elevator utilizes a series of hoppers fixedly connected to a traction chain or an adhesive tape to convey bulk materials in the vertical direction or in the direction close to the vertical direction, and the main performance and parameters of the bucket elevator conform to JB 3926-85 vertical bucket elevator. The bucket elevator is the prior art and is not described in detail.
The vibrating screen 7 mainly comprises a screen box, a vibration exciter, a suspension (or support) device, a motor and the like. The motor drives the main shaft of the vibration exciter to rotate through the V-belt, and the screen box is vibrated due to the action of centrifugal inertia force of unbalanced weights on the vibration exciter. The method divides the crushed material groups with different particle sizes into a plurality of different grades to be screened after passing through a single-layer or multi-layer screen surface with uniformly distributed holes for a plurality of times. Particles larger than the screen openings remain on the screen surface, referred to as the oversize of the screen surface, and particles smaller than the screen openings permeate through the screen openings, referred to as the undersize of the screen surface. The vibrating screen 7 is prior art and will not be described in detail.
The industrial dust collector 6 has the working principle that air in a dust collector barrel is pumped out through the rotation of a motor to form vacuum, the pressure in the barrel rises, air near a dust collection pipe flows into the barrel under the action of pressure difference, meanwhile, garbage to be collected is brought in, when airflow passes through a filtering system, the garbage and particles are filtered and remained in the barrel, and filtered clean air is discharged, so that uninterrupted circulation is formed in cycles. The industrial vacuum cleaner 6 is provided with a suction inlet 61 and an air outlet pipe 62, and the air outlet pipe 62 is also an air outlet pipe on the fan. The industrial vacuum cleaner 6 is prior art and will not be described in detail.
The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from its spirit or essential characteristics. The above-described embodiments of the utility model are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the utility model being indicated by the appended claims, and not by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (7)

1. The solid waste sorting equipment comprises a shot blasting ash magnetic separator (4), wherein the shot blasting ash magnetic separator (4) comprises a support, a feed hopper, a discharge hopper, a motor-driven chain transmission and a plurality of magnetic rollers, and is characterized in that the shot blasting ash magnetic separator (4) further comprises an industrial dust collector (6) and an air box (5) arranged above the support, the air box (5) is sequentially provided with a sealed air outlet cavity (51) and an air suction cavity (54) from top to bottom, and the air suction cavity (54) covers the plurality of magnetic rollers; the top of the air outlet cavity (51) is provided with an air inlet (53); the bottom of the air outlet cavity (51) is provided with a plurality of air outlets (52), and the air outlets (52) correspond to the axial direction of the magnetic roller; an air suction opening (55) is formed in the side wall of the air suction cavity (54); and a suction inlet (62) of the industrial dust collector (6) is communicated with the suction inlet (55), and an air outlet pipe (61) of the industrial dust collector (6) is communicated with the air inlet (53).
2. The solid waste sorting apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a housing (8) and a conveying assembly, the housing (8) being divided into a shot blasting ash processing chamber and a discharge chamber, the discharge chamber being in sealed communication with the feed hopper through the conveying assembly; the shot blasting ash magnetic separator (4) is arranged inside the shot blasting ash processing chamber; the discharge chamber is communicated with the suction inlet (62).
3. The solid waste sorting apparatus according to claim 2, wherein a waste sand storage bag (9) is connected to the bottom of the discharge hopper.
4. The solid waste sorting equipment according to claim 2, wherein the discharge hopper is connected with a vibrating screen (7), and the discharge end of the vibrating screen (7) passes through the housing (8).
5. The solid waste sorting equipment according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein a discharge pit (1) is provided in the discharge chamber, a discharge hopper is provided in the discharge pit (1), and the discharge hopper is communicated with the conveying assembly; the inner surface of the discharge hopper is provided with a plurality of knife boards (11), and the tops of the knife boards (11) are intersected on one point of the central axis of the discharge hopper.
6. The solid waste sorting equipment according to claim 5, wherein the conveying assembly comprises a screw conveyor (2) and a bucket elevator (3), and a feed inlet A of the screw conveyor (2) is in sealed communication with the discharge hopper; a discharge hole A of the spiral conveyor (2) is communicated with a feed hole B of the bucket elevator (3) in a sealing way; and a discharge hole B of the bucket elevator (3) is communicated with the feed hopper in a sealing way.
7. The solid waste sorting apparatus of claim 6, wherein the number of the magnetic rollers is 8.
CN202122714727.4U 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 Solid waste sorting equipment Active CN216063753U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122714727.4U CN216063753U (en) 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 Solid waste sorting equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122714727.4U CN216063753U (en) 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 Solid waste sorting equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216063753U true CN216063753U (en) 2022-03-18

Family

ID=80660104

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122714727.4U Active CN216063753U (en) 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 Solid waste sorting equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216063753U (en)

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