CN2160522Y - Shaper for producing blind hole bricks - Google Patents

Shaper for producing blind hole bricks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2160522Y
CN2160522Y CN 93233439 CN93233439U CN2160522Y CN 2160522 Y CN2160522 Y CN 2160522Y CN 93233439 CN93233439 CN 93233439 CN 93233439 U CN93233439 U CN 93233439U CN 2160522 Y CN2160522 Y CN 2160522Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blind hole
crossbeam
brick
base
mould
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 93233439
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶郁
李高戈
陈煜�
贺刚
Original Assignee
叶郁
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 叶郁 filed Critical 叶郁
Priority to CN 93233439 priority Critical patent/CN2160522Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2160522Y publication Critical patent/CN2160522Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a shaper for producing blind hole bricks, composed of a machine body, a power transmission mechanism, a forming mould mechanism, an index positioning mechanism, a feed mechanism, a sweeping mechanism, a control console and a charging ram. An elastic mould plate structure is arranged in the forming mould mechanism, the index positioning mechanism is used to cause a cavity mould to rotate to cause raw brick aperture to form blind hole, the sweeping mechanism sweeps off conglutination on the mould plate. Thus The utility model has the advantages of simple operation, broad requirement scope of graininess and quality of earth material, low moisture of pressed raw bricks with blind hole, high intensity and high surface quality.

Description

Shaper for producing blind hole bricks
The utility model relates to a kind of forming machine of making Brick with blind hole.
In the building trade of China, extensively adopting novel wall material brick---hollow brick.Hollow transferring to is many superiority such as materials for wall no doubt has that volume is light, insulation, sound insulation and saving soil, but because the existence of problems such as the spillage of hollow brick hollow bore and cloth slurry difficulty makes its promotion and application also be subjected to certain restriction.The appearance of a kind of more novel materials for wall---blind hole hollow brick has solved the problems referred to above well, owing to the appearance of Brick with blind hole, has opened up the application of hollow brick, has promoted the application of this novel wall material of hollow brick in China's building trade.Existing machine can only be made solid, hollow brick.
The purpose of this utility model just provides a kind of machine of making blind hole hollow brick, utilizes the blind hole hollow brick intensity height of the native raw material compacting of loosing, and quality is good, also has low energy consumption, high-efficiency characteristics.
Solution of the present utility model is by body, power drive mechanism, mould mechanism, calibration location and charging mechanism, cleaning agency and operating desk and charging ram are formed, body is made up of base and two framed side wallboards that are installed on the base, crossbeam is contained in the guide-track groove of framed side wallboard, be contained in the mould mechanism on the crossbeam and pass through pull bar, sliding sleeve and spring are equipped with lower bolster, die is contained on the die base plate by mandrel, the dial and the plough groove type cam disc of band roller are housed on the hopper axle, the slip backstay is contained in the groove of cam disc by slide block, the swing arm and the pull bar that are hinged together are housed between base and entablature, on swing arm, be hinged with the anti-scraper plate that adheres to finish of dress in the band spring, the flywheel sky is enclosed within on the base, the reduction of speed clutch is to be made of the internal tooth engagement, the driven by motor belt pulley, flywheel and reduction of speed clutch drive crank respectively by three drive lines, bar linkage structure makes the crossbeam lifting, drive pulley makes the work of blank transport establishment, drives the hopper axle and makes the calibration location, charging mechanism work.
In technique scheme, owing in mould molding mechanism, lower bolster is housed by pull bar, sliding sleeve and spring, i.e. Elastic forming board structure, lower bolster has the function of precompressed shaping to adobe under spring action.In dividing and positioning mechanism, the dial of band roller can be stirred die and rotate, make it enter next station, and with the effect of die base plate frictional force under make adobe base in the die die cavity at the bottom of the aperture closure, form blind hole, cam disc drives in the locating notch of slip backstay insertion die simultaneously, can also locate simultaneously by the conducting die.Be contained in the cleaning agency between base and the crossbeam, when crossbeam rises, drive the scraper plate motion by swing arm, scrape off the adhesion material on the lower bolster, and brush anti-adhesion finish so that carry out next one work, and spring makes scrapes sheet reset, and the flywheel sky is enclosed within on the base, load can be unloaded on base, alleviate the inhomogeneous situation of load on axle.Internal tooth engagement constitutes to fall and connects clutch, compact conformation not only, and also safe and reliable.
The rolling pair deflector roll is housed respectively on connecting rod and crossbeam, has strengthened the rigidity of link motion and overcome the high pressure unbalance condition that crossbeam produces under the duty in compacting and cross beam translation and the upset that causes.This compound direction mechanism has guaranteed the stability of system works, has reduced the resistance of motion under the uneven duty of high pressure.On the hopper axle in the hopper in the charging mechanism of the present utility model high impeller is housed, high impeller rotation is stirred, and feeding quantity is big, can satisfy the reinforced needs of bimodulus or multimode die cavity.In mould mechanism, can be single mode, bimodulus or multimode mold cavity configuration,, satisfy the demand to form series of products.
The Brick with blind hole make-up machine that the utility model provides compare with traditional brickmaking machine have simple to operate, earth material granularity and quality requirement wide ranges, repressed brick base water content is few, the intensity height, thus do not need long-time airing just can fire, with short production cycle.The utility model structurally has many unique distinctions, and flywheel is placed on the base, and its radial load is unloaded on base, alleviates the inhomogeneous situation of load on the axle, and compound direction is adopted in the motion of crossbeam, and it is simple in structure, and guiding is steadily reliable; In transmission mechanism, adopt the internal tooth engagement to realize the reduction of speed clutch, compact conformation, and can realize when mechanical accident takes place, making crossbeam in the extremely short time, to break away from flywheel inertia force effect and stop motion, in compression molding mechanism, adopt spring energy-storage, to the precompressed shaping of adobe surface, improved the quality and the intensity on adobe surface, reinforced impeller adopts high impeller, big to the die cavity feeding quantity, to satisfy the demand; In cleaning agency, the anti-scraper plate that adheres to finish is housed, can scrape off attachment and the anti-finish that adheres to of brushing on the punch base plate, form and isolate oil film, raising is to the brick surface quality, and the utility model is as long as adjust, change the compacting that moulded section mechanism just can realize blind hole hollow brick, hollow brick and the solid brick of all size.
Concrete structure of the present utility model is provided by following examples and accompanying drawing thereof.
At first accompanying drawing is described:
Fig. 1 represents overall structure figure of the present utility model.
By the body that motor (1), base (2), framed side wallboard (3) are formed, transmission mechanism (4), dividing and positioning mechanism (25), charging mechanism (33), mould mechanism (36), Unfired brick conveyer structure (48), cleaning agency (55), operating mechanism (60) and charging ram (66) are formed.
Fig. 2 represents the structure chart of transmission mechanism.
Motor (1) drives belt pulley (11) and flywheel (5), and by deceleration gear clutch (7) driven gear axle (6), gear shaft (6) meshes gear (10) and the bevel gear (14) that drives on the axle (12) with gear (8).Its first circuit flat-belt pulley (16) that to be gear (10) drive on the axle (15) with gear (13) engagement of passing on Gong drives the work of Unfired brick conveyer structure, second drive line is reinforced axle (27) rotation that bevel gear (14) and bevel gear (26) engagement drive calibration location, charging mechanism, and the 3rd drive line is to drive the crossbeam motion by gear shaft (6) in crank gear (19) engagement.
Fig. 3 represents to drive the transmission mechanism schematic diagram that crossbeam moves up and down, drive axle (18) by gear shaft (6) and crank gear (19) engagement, by the crank gear (19) on the axle (18) and crank (24) drivening rod (17) and (20) motion, drive crossbeam (22) to the greatest extent and in the guide rail of framed side wallboard (3), slide up and down, thus the compression moulding of realization Brick with blind hole.The motion guide of crossbeam (22) is formed in the guide rail of framed side wallboard (3) by crossbeam (22) on the one hand and is slidingly matched, mould the time is accurately gone in the mould mechanism work that assurance is contained on the crossbeam (22), on the other hand by being contained in the rolling pair deflector roll (21) on the connecting rod (20) and being contained in rolling pair deflector roll (23) guiding on the crossbeam (22), strengthened the rigidity of link motion and overcome the high pressure unbalance condition that crossbeam (22) produces and entablature translation and the upset that causes under the compacting duty.
Fig. 4 represents the structural representation of calibration location and charging mechanism.
By cam disc (28), the slip backstay (29) of the bevel gear (26) that is meshed with bevel gear (14), axle (27), plough groove type cam slide detent mechanism, fixedly the dial (31) and the roller (32) of guide pin bushing (30), intermittent movement formula Geneva index mechanism have been formed dividing and positioning mechanism.
Form charging mechanism by axle (27), high impeller (34), hopper (35).(2) be base; (38) be die, (46) are 5 mandrels.
Fig. 5 represents the structure chart of mould mechanism.
It is to be made of punch transmission rod (42), spring adjustment cover (48), spring (43), sliding sleeve (44), lower bolster (47), punch lower bolster pull bar (41), Brick with blind hole punching pin (40), punch lower bolster (39), die (38), die base plate (37) and mandrel (46).(22) crossbeam, (2) base.
Fig. 6 represents the structure chart of adobe conveying device (48).
Form by frame (53), conveyer belt driving wheel (16), conveyer belt (51), conveyer belt driven pulley (49), bearing block (50) and tensioning apparatus (52) and auxiliary wheel (54).
Fig. 7 is the structure chart of cleaning agency (5).
Form (22) crossbeam, (2) base by swing arm (57), threaded adjusting pull bar (56), anti-scraper plate (58) and the spring (59) that adheres to finish of interior dress.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of operating desk (60).
Form by stand (61), gear reduction of speed clutch operating lever (64), slide (63), slide bar (62) and power knob (65).(5) flywheel, (6) gear shaft, (7) reduction of speed clutch.
Shown in accompanying drawing, be bimodulus blind hole make-up machine, its course of work is as follows:
Before the startup, the machine connecting rod is in the motion bottom dead centre, and clutch is in released state.At first in loading hopper (35), fill up the diffusing native raw material that is in harmonious proportion by certain water content, advance gear reduction of speed clutch (7), make it be in bonding state.Press the button (65); starter motor (1); drive flywheel (5) by belt pulley (11); driven gear axle (6) behind clutch (7) reduction of speed; gear shaft (6) drives crank gear (19) successively; axle (18); crank (24); connecting rod (17); connecting rod (20) drives crossbeam (22); and in auxiliary guide roll (21); (23) under the guide effect; crossbeam (22) steadily moves upward along the guide rail of framed side wallboard (3); meanwhile; gear (6) is driven gear (8) successively; axle (12); bevel gear set (14); (26); axle (27); dial (31); high impeller (34) motion; when driving punch mechanism, crossbeam (22) moves upward when all withdrawing from die (38); dial (31) is stirred die (38) and is rotated 90 ° to next station around mandrel (46); the roller (32) for the treatment of dial (31) withdraws from die (38); when dial (31) enters idle running; in running order plough groove type cam disc (28) drives the locating notch that slide bar (29) inserts groove (38); correcting die and location; at this moment, charging mechanism is in reinforced duty.Crossbeam (22) is when being in the decline stage; punch mechanism progresses into pressing stage; lower bolster (39) at first enters die cavity and carries out precompressed under spring (44), pull bar (41) effect; simultaneously; under transmission rod (42), backing plate (47) drive, enter die cavity towards pin (40), when backing plate (47) with enter the high pressure phase pressing unfired brick after lower bolster (39) contacts.The compacting back link mechanism that finishes sentences bottom dead centre again and to the greatest extent drives crossbeam (22) and rise, and the drive punch withdraws from die cavity gradually, under spring (43) effect, make pull bar (41) punch template (39) still have a time-delay precompression, make the adobe surface can not cause surface damage because of template (39) breaks away from suddenly to the adobe upper surface.Crossbeam (22) rises to punch and withdraws from die cavity, scraper plate (58) on the cleaning agency (55) scrapes off the adhesion material on the lower bolster (39), and brush the anti-finish that adheres to, dial (31) is stirred die (38) rotation simultaneously, when die (38) changes, the adobe die base plate (37) that is pressed into type has certain frictional force, under the effect of frictional force, aperture closure at the bottom of the adobe base in the matrix cavity, form blind hole, when groove (38) went to next station, crossbeam (22) descended, charging ram (66) pushes conveying device (48) with adobe, finishes a course of work.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of Brick with blind hole make-up machine, be by body, power drive mechanism, mould mechanism, calibration location and charging mechanism, cleaning agency and operating desk and charging ram are formed, body is made up of base and two framed side wallboards that are installed on the base, crossbeam is contained in the guide-track groove of framed side wallboard, feature of the present utility model is by pull bar (41) in the mould mechanism that is contained on the crossbeam (22), sliding sleeve (44) and spring (43) are equipped with lower bolster (39), die (38) is contained on the die base plate (37) by mandrel (46), the dial (31) and the plough groove type cam disc (28) of band roller (32) are housed on hopper axle (27), slip backstay (29) is contained in the groove of cam disc (28) by slide block, the swing arm (5) and the pull bar (56) that are hinged together are housed between base (2) and entablature (22), on swing arm (57), be hinged with the anti-scraper plate (58) that adheres to finish of dress in the band spring (59), flywheel (5) sky is enclosed within on the base (2), reduction of speed clutch (7) is to be made of the internal tooth engagement, motor (1) drives belt pulley (11), flywheel (5) and reduction of speed clutch (7) drive crank (24) respectively by three drive lines, connecting rod (17), (20) mechanism makes crossbeam (22) lifting, drive pulley (16) makes the work of blank transport establishment, drives hopper axle (27) and makes the calibration location, charging mechanism work.
2, Brick with blind hole make-up machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that on connecting rod (20) and crossbeam (22) rolling pair deflector roll (21) and (23) being housed respectively.
3, Brick with blind hole make-up machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that on the hopper axle (27) in the hopper (35) in charging mechanism high impeller (34) being housed.
4, Brick with blind hole make-up machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that can being single mode, bimodulus or multimode mold cavity configuration in mould mechanism.
CN 93233439 1993-03-12 1993-03-12 Shaper for producing blind hole bricks Expired - Fee Related CN2160522Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93233439 CN2160522Y (en) 1993-03-12 1993-03-12 Shaper for producing blind hole bricks

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93233439 CN2160522Y (en) 1993-03-12 1993-03-12 Shaper for producing blind hole bricks

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2160522Y true CN2160522Y (en) 1994-04-06

Family

ID=33809373

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 93233439 Expired - Fee Related CN2160522Y (en) 1993-03-12 1993-03-12 Shaper for producing blind hole bricks

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2160522Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103817775A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 富于安(福建)环保模板有限公司 Groove cleaning piece for fast connecting groove of concrete formwork
CN110883908A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-03-17 福建群峰机械有限公司 Forming mechanism of brick machine
CN111409177A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-07-14 福建群峰机械有限公司 Disc rotation type brick press

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103817775A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 富于安(福建)环保模板有限公司 Groove cleaning piece for fast connecting groove of concrete formwork
CN103817775B (en) * 2014-02-28 2017-05-31 富于安(福建)环保模板有限公司 The clear slotware of fast access slot of concrete blinding
CN110883908A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-03-17 福建群峰机械有限公司 Forming mechanism of brick machine
CN111409177A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-07-14 福建群峰机械有限公司 Disc rotation type brick press
CN111409177B (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-04-06 福建群峰机械有限公司 Disc rotation type brick press
WO2021088574A1 (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-05-14 福建群峰机械有限公司 Forming mechanism of brick press
WO2021088575A1 (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-05-14 福建群峰机械有限公司 Disc rotary brick press

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee