CN215992169U - Novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single-chip microcomputer - Google Patents

Novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single-chip microcomputer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215992169U
CN215992169U CN202120872493.3U CN202120872493U CN215992169U CN 215992169 U CN215992169 U CN 215992169U CN 202120872493 U CN202120872493 U CN 202120872493U CN 215992169 U CN215992169 U CN 215992169U
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frame
chip microcomputer
plant cultivation
module
succulent plant
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CN202120872493.3U
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李庆党
和学泰
李子良
刘华江
王雨
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of electromechanics, in particular to a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on a 51 single-chip microcomputer, which comprises a containing frame and the single-chip microcomputer arranged at the bottom of the containing frame, wherein a supporting assembly is arranged on the surface of the containing frame, a rolling type sunshade assembly is arranged at the upper part of the supporting assembly, the rolling type sunshade assembly is used for shading plants in the containing frame after being unfolded along a supporting frame, and a control system is embedded in the single-chip microcomputer; the beneficial effects are that: when the novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on the 51 single-chip microcomputer is too high in illumination intensity or rains, the single-chip microcomputer can detect the state of the shading film after the last action, for example, 1 represents that the shading film is opened, 0 represents that the shading film is folded, if the last action is detected to be 0, the single-chip microcomputer can control the execution module to put down the shading film for shading or shielding the rain, and if the last action is detected to be 1, the fact that the shading film is already in the opened state is indicated, and the shading film does not need to be opened continuously.

Description

Novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single-chip microcomputer
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of electromechanics, in particular to a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on a 51 single-chip microcomputer.
Background
As the fleshy market has developed, more and more people come into contact with the fleshy plant, which attracts countless enthusiasts with its unique appearance. Meanwhile, the problem of raising more meat becomes a big problem for meat friends. Because succulent is not more abundant than other potted plants, growing succulent does not mean that succulent is well-grown, succulent of the same meat age, good state differs from bad state by tens of times in price. The soil, temperature, light, water and none are needed to be in a succulent state. Succulent potted plants are typically cultivated using loose, air-permeable granular soil; most fleshiness is pleasant, but the fleshiness leaves can be burnt due to too high illumination intensity, and the appearance is influenced. Meanwhile, the meat is sensitive to temperature, and the growth of fleshiness is adversely affected by overhigh or overlow temperature; the fleshy part is drought-resistant and waterlogging-resistant, taking the crassulaceae as an example, the fleshy part can be kept for months under the drought condition, but if the fleshy part is watered too much, black rot is easily caused, and the fleshy part of the fleshy part can die quickly, so that the fleshy part is watered too frequently, and for most fleshy parts, the fleshy part is watered once in a week to half a month. In summary, soil with higher permeability and higher humus and nutrient content is best for cultivating more meat at a proper temperature. Although the demand of much meat for light is different according to different varieties, the meat still prefers the growth conditions with sufficient light, enough light is needed in the growing season, the sun is needed to be shaded in summer, and the sun is needed to be sunned more in winter. Succulent plants have high water content and generally survive with little watering, but their roots rot with too much watering, so little watering is important.
In view of the above characteristics of fleshiness, many meat friends choose to breed fleshiness (i.e. to breed fleshiness in places with good lighting and good ventilation, such as a balcony, a balcony and a courtyard), but the problem of breeding fleshiness is sun protection and rain protection. Particularly, in summer, the illumination intensity is high, the raining is urgent, and much time is too late to move succulent plants indoors, so that the utility model provides a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on a 51 single chip microcomputer for solving the problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on a 51 single-chip microcomputer, and the novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device is used for solving the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a novel domestic intelligent succulent plant breeds ware based on 51 singlechip, includes the dress and holds the frame and install the singlechip in dress hold frame bottom, the surface mounting who holds the frame has supporting component, and supporting component upper portion is provided with rolling sunshade component, and rolling sunshade component expands the inside plant sunshade of back to the dress and hold the frame along the support frame, the inside embedding control system of singlechip.
Preferably, the supporting component comprises a connecting frame and a guide frame, the connecting frame and the guide frame are both fixed on the top surface of the containing frame, the top end of the connecting frame is connected with the top end of the guide frame, the connecting frame and the guide frame are both provided with two groups, and the two groups of connecting frames are symmetrically distributed about the notches of the containing frame.
Preferably, the rolling type sunshade component comprises a motor, a winding drum in transmission connection with a power output end of the motor, and a shading film rolled on the surface of the winding drum.
Preferably, the control system comprises an illumination sensor module, a raindrop sensor module, an execution module, an A/D conversion module and a power supply module.
Preferably, the illumination sensor module collects environmental information, the analog signal is converted into a digital signal which can be processed by the single chip microcomputer through the A/D conversion module, meanwhile, the single chip microcomputer compares the received digital information with a preset value to judge whether shading or rain shielding is needed, and if the digital information is out of the range of the set value, the single chip microcomputer controls the relevant modules to act until the received data returns to the range of the set value again.
Preferably, the illumination sensor module adopts a GY30 module, and the module adopts a BH1750FVI chip.
Preferably, the raindrop sensor module adopts a TELESKY raindrop sensor, and the working voltage of the TELESKY raindrop sensor module is 3.3-5V.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
when the novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on the 51 single-chip microcomputer is too high in illumination intensity or rains, the single-chip microcomputer can detect the state of the shading film after the last action, for example, 1 represents that the shading film is opened, 0 represents that the shading film is folded, if the last action is detected to be 0, the single-chip microcomputer can control the execution module to put down the shading film for shading or shielding the rain, and if the last action is detected to be 1, the fact that the shading film is already in the opened state is indicated, and the shading film does not need to be opened continuously.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device control system based on a 51-single chip microcomputer;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on a 51-single chip microcomputer;
FIG. 3 is a flow chart of the system for the domestic intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on the 51 SCM
Fig. 4 is a circuit diagram of a control system for a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on a 51 single chip microcomputer.
In the figure: reel 1, motor 2, link 3, dress hold frame 4, counter weight 5, photomask 6, leading truck 7, singlechip 8.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on a 51 single chip microcomputer comprises a containing frame 4 and a single chip microcomputer 8 installed at the bottom of the containing frame 4, wherein supporting components are installed on the surface of the containing frame 4, each supporting component comprises a connecting frame 3 and a guide frame 7, the connecting frames 3 and the guide frames 7 are both fixed on the top surface of the containing frame 4, the top ends of the connecting frames 3 are connected with the top ends of the guide frames 7, the connecting frames 3 and the guide frames 7 are both provided with two groups, the two groups of connecting frames 3 are symmetrically distributed about notches of the containing frame 4, rolling type sunshade components are arranged on the upper portions of the supporting components, the rolling type sunshade components shade plants inside the containing frame 4 after being unfolded along the supporting frames, and each rolling type sunshade component comprises a motor 2, a winding drum 1 in transmission connection with a power output end of the motor 2 and a shading film 6 wound on the surface of the winding drum 1;
a control system is embedded in the singlechip 8, the control system comprises an illumination sensor module, a raindrop sensor module, an execution module, an A/D conversion module and a power supply module, the illumination sensor module acquires environmental information, an analog signal is converted into a digital signal which can be processed by the singlechip 8 through the A/D conversion module, meanwhile, the singlechip 8 compares the received digital information with a previously set value to judge whether shading or rain shielding is needed, and if the received digital information is out of the set value range, the singlechip 8 controls the relevant modules to act until the received data returns to the set value range again;
the light sensor module adopts a GY30 module, the module adopts a BH1750FVI chip, a 3-5V power supply is used, a 16-bit A/D conversion module is arranged in the sensor, a digital signal is directly output, the A/D conversion module does not need to be additionally accessed, the light illumination range is 0-65535lx, and the use requirement is met. The BH1750FVI module follows a standard NXPIIC communication protocol, and the inside of the module comprises communication level conversion and is directly connected with an I/O port of a 5V singlechip. The circuit diagram is shown in figure 3, a chip DVI pin is connected with a power VCC, an ADDR pin is grounded, an SCL and an SDA are connected with an I/O port of a singlechip to send incoming data, and an illumination sensor module mainly converts the collected illumination intensity in the environment into a voltage signal and then converts the voltage signal into a digital signal. In order to realize the illumination intensity detection in the environment, an illumination sensor module is required to be installed outside a mechanical body, the illumination sensor works in an inquiring mode, a single chip microcomputer inquires a signal sent from the illumination sensor module at regular intervals, when the ambient illumination intensity is too high, the received signal is higher than a set value in the single chip microcomputer, then the single chip microcomputer controls an execution module to work, a light shielding film is opened to shield light, and when the inquired information is lower than the set value, the light shielding film is folded;
the raindrop sensor module adopts a TELESKY raindrop sensor, the working voltage of the raindrop sensor module is 3.3-5V, the output mode can be freely set into two output modes of digital quantity and analog quantity, and the digital quantity is output in the present document. The schematic diagram of the raindrop sensor is shown in fig. 3, wherein a VCC pin of the raindrop sensor is connected with a 5V power supply, and a GND pin of the raindrop sensor is grounded. The rain sensor works in an interruption mode, rain drops are on the water drop sensor when raining, so that the rain drop sensor can generate a switching value signal and transmit the switching value signal to the single chip microcomputer, and the single chip microcomputer enters an interruption program after receiving the signal, namely, the motor is controlled to open the shading film to shade rain;
the execution module has the functions of shading light and shielding rain, the driving element of the execution module is a motor, and the opening and closing of the film can be controlled only by controlling the rotation direction of the motor. In order to realize the driving and reversing functions, a single chip microcomputer can be used for realizing the driving and reversing functions, but the I/O port of the single chip microcomputer is low in load capacity, and a direct current motor is a high-current inductive load, so that a power amplifying device is selected, and the type of the power amplifying device is TB6612 FNG; the high-current MOSFET-H bridge type motor has a high-current MOSFET-H bridge structure and dual-channel circuit output, and can drive two motors simultaneously. The chip can directly drive the motor only by externally connecting a power supply filter capacitor, and is beneficial to reducing the size of a system. The pin diagram of TB6612 is shown in fig. 3, where VM is connected to 12V voltage of the driving motor, VCC is 5V chip driving voltage, three GND pins are all grounded, and AO1, AO2, BO1 and BO2 on the left side are chip output pins connected to the motor; the PWMA and PWMB on the right side are single chip microcomputer PWM output pins, and the AIN1, the AIN2, the BIN1 and the BIN2 are connected with an I/O port of the single chip microcomputer;
the power module needs to provide 2 types of voltages, one is 5V voltage provided for the singlechip, modules of various sensors and the relay module, and the other is 12V voltage for driving the execution module, so that two power supply schemes are provided, one scheme adopts two independent power supply schemes to respectively supply power to the singlechip and the execution module, the stability and the safety of the system can be ensured, the other scheme adopts a 12V power supply, then a voltage reduction chip is used for reducing the voltage to 5V, the 12V voltage supplies power to the motor, and the 5V voltage supplies power to the singlechip. Since the document adopts a TB6612FNG chip, the ground wires of two interface voltages are communicated, in order to prevent the influence on the chip caused by different potentials of the ground wires with different voltages, the document adopts a 12V power supply, and then a voltage reduction chip is used for reducing the voltage to 5V and supplying 12V voltage to the motor.
The working principle is as follows: in practical use, according to the succulent habit and the breeding requirement, the utility model designs a main program working schematic diagram of the intelligent succulent breeding system based on the single chip microcomputer, as shown in fig. 4, before the system works, the single chip microcomputer sets an upper limit value of illumination intensity, and the single chip microcomputer receives information of an illumination sensor and a raindrop sensor at intervals; when the illumination intensity is too high or it rains, the single chip microcomputer will detect the state of the shading film after the last action, for example, 1 represents that the shading film is opened, 0 represents that the shading film is closed, if the last action is detected to be 0, the single chip microcomputer will control the execution module to put down the shading film to shade light or shade rain; if the last time 1 is detected, the light shielding film is in an open state and does not need to be opened continuously; similarly, when the illumination intensity is proper and the raindrop sensor does not detect rain, the singlechip also detects the state of the previous shading film. If 0, no operation is performed, and if 1, the light shielding film is stored.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a novel domestic intelligent succulent plant breeds ware based on 51 singlechip, including dress splendid attire frame (4) and install singlechip (8) in dress splendid attire frame (4) bottom, its characterized in that: the surface mounting of dress splendid attire frame (4) has supporting component, and supporting component upper portion is provided with rolling sunshade component, and rolling sunshade component is along the inside plant sunshade of support frame (4) after the support frame expandes, and singlechip (8) inside embedding control system.
2. The novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single chip microcomputer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the supporting assembly comprises a connecting frame (3) and a guide frame (7), the connecting frame (3) and the guide frame (7) are fixed on the top surface of the containing frame (4), the top end of the connecting frame (3) is connected with the top end of the guide frame (7), the connecting frame (3) and the guide frame (7) are provided with two groups, and the two groups of connecting frames (3) are symmetrically distributed on the notches of the containing frame (4).
3. The novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single chip microcomputer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the winding type sunshade component comprises a motor (2), a winding drum (1) in transmission connection with a power output end of the motor (2) and a shading film (6) wound on the surface of the winding drum (1).
4. The novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single chip microcomputer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the control system comprises an illumination sensor module, a raindrop sensor module, an execution module, an A/D conversion module and a power supply module.
5. The novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single chip microcomputer of claim 4, is characterized in that: the light sensor module adopts a GY30 module, and the module adopts a BH1750FVI chip.
6. The novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single chip microcomputer of claim 4, is characterized in that: the raindrop sensor module adopts a TELESKY raindrop sensor, and the working voltage of the raindrop sensor module is 3.3-5V.
CN202120872493.3U 2021-04-26 2021-04-26 Novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single-chip microcomputer Active CN215992169U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120872493.3U CN215992169U (en) 2021-04-26 2021-04-26 Novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single-chip microcomputer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120872493.3U CN215992169U (en) 2021-04-26 2021-04-26 Novel household intelligent succulent plant cultivation device based on 51 single-chip microcomputer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215992169U true CN215992169U (en) 2022-03-11

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Country Status (1)

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