CN215974668U - Building construction material lifting device - Google Patents

Building construction material lifting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215974668U
CN215974668U CN202122190477.9U CN202122190477U CN215974668U CN 215974668 U CN215974668 U CN 215974668U CN 202122190477 U CN202122190477 U CN 202122190477U CN 215974668 U CN215974668 U CN 215974668U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nut
lead screw
connecting plate
lifting device
fixed
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Application number
CN202122190477.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张英
李博
张丙杰
赵志远
乔彬
伊浩
白家浩
王宇
张世通
秦璐遥
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China Construction Seventh Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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China Construction Seventh Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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Priority to CN202122190477.9U priority Critical patent/CN215974668U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a building construction material lifting device, which comprises a base fixed on a floor bottom plate, wherein a supporting column is fixedly connected to the base and extends along the vertical direction, a suspension arm is fixed to the upper part of the supporting column and extends along the left-right direction, a horizontal moving mechanism is arranged on the suspension arm, the horizontal moving mechanism comprises a lead screw arranged below the suspension arm at intervals, a nut matched with the thread of the lead screw and a first driving mechanism in transmission connection with the lead screw, and a guide structure is arranged between the nut and the suspension arm so that the nut moves horizontally along the lead screw when the lead screw rotates; the nut is provided with a lifting mechanism; the horizontal moving mechanism on the cantilever arm is used for transporting materials outside a higher floor to the indoor, and the materials do not need to be moved manually in the process, so that time and labor are saved, and the problem of certain potential safety hazard in the process of manually operating at a position close to a window or a balcony is solved.

Description

Building construction material lifting device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of building material lifting, and particularly relates to a building construction material lifting device.
Background
The lifting device is used as one type of vertical conveying machinery, is mechanical equipment for conveying by changing potential energy, and has wide application in the fields of buildings, factories and mines, light industry, agriculture and the like. In a broad sense, the lifting device mainly comprises an elevator, a crown block, a winch, a car stabilizer, a crane and the like, and mainly comprises a bucket type, a rope type, a chain type, a hydraulic type and the like. The rope type winch is a lifting device which is driven by a winding drum to wind a rope by manpower or mechanical power and finishes traction lifting work by utilizing a lifting mechanism, and mainly comprises the winch, a pulley block, a force arm, a support and the like.
At present, a rope hoist is mainly designed for outdoor operation, and is mainly used for hoisting materials or hoisting outdoor materials to the indoor space in the outdoor operation. In the construction of houses indoors, the house body has been essentially built, but some material still needs to be transported from outdoors to indoors. The existing outdoor hoister is not provided with a material receiving platform under the normal condition, the hoister can only transport materials from a lower position (generally the ground) outdoors to the outdoors at a higher floor, and then the materials transported to a window and a balcony are transferred from the outdoors to the indoors by means of manpower, so that not only is the operation troublesome, but also certain potential safety hazards exist in the process that workers stand at the window and the balcony of the floor to operate.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the present invention provides a material lifting device for building construction, so as to solve the technical problems that in the prior art, when materials are transported from a lower outdoor location to a higher indoor location, manual operation is required to be troublesome, and certain potential safety hazards exist.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the building construction material lifting device is as follows:
a building construction material lifting device, comprising:
base: the base is horizontally arranged and is used for being fixed on a floor bottom plate;
supporting columns: the support column is arranged in an up-and-down extending manner, and the bottom of the support column is fixedly connected with the base;
a suspension arm: the suspension arm is fixed on the upper part of the support column;
horizontal movement mechanism: the suspension arm is arranged on the suspension arm;
the horizontal moving mechanism comprises a lead screw, a nut and a first driving mechanism, wherein the lead screw is arranged below the overhanging arm at intervals, the nut is matched with the lead screw in a threaded mode, the first driving mechanism is in transmission connection with the lead screw, and a guide structure is arranged between the nut and the overhanging arm so that the nut can horizontally move along the lead screw when the lead screw rotates;
a lifting mechanism: is arranged on the nut.
Has the advantages that: according to the utility model, the horizontal moving mechanism is arranged on the cantilever arm, and the nut in the horizontal moving mechanism drives the lifting mechanism and the building material on the lifting mechanism to move, so that after the lifting mechanism transports the material from a lower outdoor position to an outdoor position of a higher floor, the horizontal moving mechanism on the cantilever arm transports the material positioned outdoors of the higher floor to the indoor position, and in the process, the material does not need to be moved manually, so that time and labor are saved, and the problem of certain potential safety hazard caused by the fact that the worker stands at a position close to a window or a balcony to operate is avoided.
Furthermore, the cross-sectional shape of overhanging arm is the rectangle, and including preceding lateral wall and the back lateral wall that parallel interval set up around, still including parallel interval set up about with lower lateral wall.
Has the advantages that: firstly, the section of the cantilever arm is rectangular, so that the cantilever arm has certain structural strength; secondly, the sectional shape of the cantilever is rectangular, which is convenient for the production and manufacture of the cantilever.
Furthermore, the guide structure comprises a front guide groove with a forward opening formed in the front side wall of the cantilever arm, and a rear guide groove with a backward opening formed in the rear side wall of the cantilever arm, and the front guide groove and the rear guide groove are both arranged in a left-right extending manner; the front side and the rear side of the nut are respectively fixed with a front connecting plate and a rear connecting plate, the front connecting plate is provided with a front sliding block matched with the front guide groove in a sliding mode, the rear connecting plate is provided with a rear sliding block matched with the rear guide groove in a sliding mode, and the guide structure further comprises a front sliding block and a rear sliding block.
Has the advantages that: the guide structure comprises a front guide groove, a rear guide groove, a front sliding block and a rear sliding block, so that the nut can horizontally move along the lead screw when the lead screw rotates, and the guide structure is simple in arrangement.
Furthermore, the front connecting plate extends to the lower surface of the nut, the rear connecting plate extends to the lower surface of the nut, the lifting mechanism comprises a winch drum arranged below the nut, a rotating shaft of the winch drum is respectively arranged on the front connecting plate and the rear connecting plate, the lifting mechanism further comprises a second driving mechanism in transmission connection with a winch drum, a steel wire rope is wound on the winch drum, and a hook is fixed at the free end of the steel wire rope.
Has the advantages that: the lifting structure is simple in arrangement.
The base is fixedly provided with a telescopic support column extending along the vertical direction, the telescopic support column comprises a stand column and a telescopic oil cylinder fixed at the top of the stand column, and a supporting plate used for supporting on a floor top plate is fixed at the top of a piston rod of the telescopic oil cylinder.
Has the advantages that: the setting of flexible stand can guarantee material lifting device's stability, avoids material lifting device to take place to topple.
Furthermore, telescopic prop is provided with two, and two telescopic prop all are located the left side of support column.
Has the advantages that: the telescopic support columns are provided with two supporting points and can form two supporting points on the floor top plate, so that stable support can be formed between the floor bottom plate and the floor top plate through the telescopic support columns, when the materials are moved through the lifting mechanism and the horizontal moving mechanism, the materials can be located at the positions of the overhanging ends of the overhanging arms, the telescopic support columns can play a balance and stabilization role in the whole material lifting device, and the material lifting device is guaranteed to be safe to use.
The support column is fixed with a support rod which is obliquely arranged.
Has the advantages that: the support intensity of support column can be increased in the setting of bracing piece.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a building construction material lifting device according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a sectional view a-a of a building construction material lifting device of fig. 1.
Reference numerals: 1-floor slab; 2-floor roof; 3-a base; 4-telescopic support; 5, a telescopic oil cylinder; 6-a support plate; 7-a support column; 8-a support bar; 9-cantilever arm; 10-fixing the plate; 11-rear guide groove; 12-a first drive mechanism; 13-front guide slot; 14-a lead screw; 15-a nut; 16-a second drive mechanism; 17-a steel wire rope; 18-hanging hooks; 19-a front connection plate; 20-rear connecting plate; 21-front slide block; 22-rear slider; 23-hoisting drum.
Detailed Description
The building construction material lifting device of the utility model is further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments:
as shown in fig. 1, the material lifting device for building construction of the present invention comprises a horizontally disposed base 3, and the base 3 is fixed on a floor bottom plate 1 by fixing bolts. A support column 7 extending in the up-down direction is fixed on the upper surface of the base 3, and specifically, the bottom of the support column 7 is fixedly connected with the base 3. And a suspension arm 9 is fixed at the upper part of the support column 7, and the suspension arm 9 extends along the left-right direction. In this embodiment, the cross-sectional shape of the cantilever arm 9 is rectangular, and includes a front sidewall and a rear sidewall that are arranged in parallel in the front-rear direction at an interval, and further includes an upper sidewall and a lower sidewall that are arranged in parallel in the up-down direction at an interval.
A horizontal moving mechanism is arranged below the cantilever arm 9. Specifically, fixing plates 10 are respectively fixed at the left end and the right end of the cantilever arm 9, the fixing plates 10 are vertically and fixedly connected with the cantilever arm 9, the fixing plates 10 extend downwards to be below the lower surface of the cantilever arm 9, and a bearing is fixed in the fixing plates 10. The horizontal moving mechanism comprises a lead screw 14 arranged at intervals below the cantilever arm 9, and the lead screw 14 is supported between two bearings. Moreover, a through hole penetrating left and right is formed in the supporting column 7, and the screw rod 14 penetrates through the through hole of the supporting column 7; the horizontal moving mechanism further includes a nut 15 adapted to the screw of the lead screw 14, and a first driving mechanism 12 disposed at the right end of the lead screw 14 and in transmission connection with the lead screw 14, in this embodiment, the first driving mechanism 12 is a first driving motor. The lower end of the fixing plate 10 at the left end of the cantilever arm 9 is provided with a turning plate extending leftwards, and the first driving motor is fixed on the turning plate.
As shown in fig. 2, a guide structure is provided between the nut 15 and the cantilever arm 9 so that the nut 15 moves horizontally along the lead screw 14 when the lead screw 14 rotates. Specifically, the guide structure comprises a front guide groove 13 with a forward opening formed in the front side wall of the cantilever arm 9, and a rear guide groove 11 with a backward opening formed in the rear side wall of the cantilever arm 9, wherein the front guide groove 13 and the rear guide groove 11 are both arranged in a left-right extending manner; the shape of the nut 15 is a cube structure, a front connecting plate 19 and a rear connecting plate 20 are respectively fixed on the front side and the rear side of the nut 15, the front connecting plate 19 is arranged in parallel with the front side wall of the cantilever arm 9, and the rear connecting plate 20 is arranged in parallel with the rear side wall of the cantilever arm 9. The front connecting plate 19 is provided with a front sliding block 21 which is matched with the front guide groove 13 in a sliding way, the rear connecting plate 20 is provided with a rear sliding block 22 which is matched with the rear guide groove 11 in a sliding way, and the guide structure further comprises the front sliding block 21 and the rear sliding block 22. The guide structure is provided to enable the nut 15 to move horizontally along the lead screw 14 when the lead screw 14 is rotated by the driving action of the first driving motor.
Be provided with hoist mechanism on the nut 15, it is concrete, preceding connecting plate 19 extends to the below of nut 15 lower surface, and back connecting plate 20 extends to the below of nut 15 lower surface, and hoist mechanism is including setting up hoist cylinder 23 in the nut 15 below, and the pivot of hoist cylinder 23 rotates and sets up between preceding connecting plate 19 and back connecting plate 20, and is concrete, is provided with the bearing respectively on preceding connecting plate 19 and the back connecting plate 20, and the pivot rotates and sets up between the bearing. The lifting mechanism further comprises a second driving mechanism 16 in transmission connection with a rotating shaft of the winding drum 23, a steel wire rope 17 is wound on the winding drum 23, and a hook 18 is fixed at the free end of the steel wire rope 17. The hook 18 is used for hooking the basket frame containing materials; in this embodiment, the second driving mechanism 16 is a second driving motor. The lower end of the front connecting plate 19 extends forward to fix a mounting plate on which the second driving mechanism 16 is fixed.
A telescopic strut 4 extending in the vertical direction is fixedly arranged on the base 3. In this embodiment, two telescopic struts 4 are provided, and the two telescopic struts 4 are located on the left side of the supporting column 7. The telescopic support 4 comprises a vertical column and a telescopic oil cylinder 5 fixed at the top of the vertical column, and a support plate 6 used for supporting on the floor top plate 2 is fixed at the top of a piston rod of the telescopic oil cylinder 5. In this embodiment, an anti-slip layer (not shown) is fixed to one side of the supporting plate 6 facing the floor top plate 2 to increase the friction force between the supporting plate 6 and the floor top plate 2, thereby further ensuring the stability of the material lifting device.
In order to ensure the supporting strength of the supporting column 7, in this embodiment, the supporting column 7 is fixed with three supporting rods 8 which are obliquely arranged, in this embodiment, the supporting rods 8 are arranged.
During the use, fix material lifting device's base 3 on floor bottom plate 1 now, then the flexible hydro-cylinder 5 work of telescopic prop 4 makes the 6 shore braces of backup pad of telescopic prop on floor roof 2, so, telescopic prop 4 will the stable stay between floor roof 2 and floor bottom plate 1, has increased material lifting device's stability. Then the second driving motor works to drive the winding drum 23 to rotate, and the winding drum 23 winds the steel wire rope 17, so that the material at the hook 18 at the free end of the steel wire rope 17 is lifted. When the materials are lifted to the designated height, the second driving motor stops working, the first driving motor works, the first driving motor drives the sliding block to move along the direction of the lead screw 14, and the sliding block drives the lifting mechanism and the materials to move along the lead screw 14, so that the materials are automatically transported from the outdoor to the indoor of a higher floor. Not only is the operation simple, but also the problem that manual operation has certain potential safety hazard is avoided.
In the above embodiment, the cross-sectional shape of the cantilever arm is rectangular; in other embodiments, the cross-sectional shape of the cantilever arm may also be a regular hexagon.
In the above embodiment, the guide structure includes a front guide groove with a forward opening formed in a front side wall of the cantilever arm, and a rear guide groove with a backward opening formed in a rear side wall of the cantilever arm, and both the front guide groove and the rear guide groove extend in the left-right direction; a front connecting plate and a rear connecting plate are respectively fixed on the front side and the rear side of the nut, a front sliding block in sliding fit with the front guide groove is arranged on the front connecting plate, a rear sliding block in sliding fit with the rear guide groove is arranged on the rear connecting plate, and the guide structure further comprises a front sliding block and a rear sliding block; in other embodiments, the guiding structure only includes a front connecting plate and a rear connecting plate fixed on the front and rear sides of the nut, in this case, the front connecting plate is attached to the front side wall of the cantilever, and the rear connecting plate is attached to the rear side wall of the cantilever.
In the above embodiment, the base is fixedly provided with a telescopic strut extending in the up-down direction, the telescopic strut comprises an upright post and a telescopic oil cylinder fixed at the top of the upright post, and the top of a piston rod of the telescopic oil cylinder is fixed with a support plate for supporting on a floor top plate; in other embodiments, the telescopic support column can be omitted, and the material lifting device is fixedly connected with the floor bottom plate only through the base.
In the above embodiment, two telescopic struts are provided, and both telescopic struts are located on the left side of the support column; in other embodiments, one telescopic support column or three telescopic support columns are provided.
In the above embodiment, the support post is fixed with the support rod which is obliquely arranged; in other embodiments, the support rod may not be provided.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a construction material hoisting device is built in room, characterized by includes:
base: the base is horizontally arranged and is used for being fixed on a floor bottom plate;
supporting columns: the support column is arranged in an up-and-down extending manner, and the bottom of the support column is fixedly connected with the base;
a suspension arm: the suspension arm is fixed on the upper part of the support column;
horizontal movement mechanism: the suspension arm is arranged on the suspension arm;
the horizontal moving mechanism comprises a lead screw, a nut and a first driving mechanism, wherein the lead screw is arranged below the overhanging arm at intervals, the nut is matched with the lead screw in a threaded mode, the first driving mechanism is in transmission connection with the lead screw, and a guide structure is arranged between the nut and the overhanging arm so that the nut can horizontally move along the lead screw when the lead screw rotates;
a lifting mechanism: is arranged on the nut.
2. The building construction material lifting device according to claim 1, wherein the cross-sectional shape of the cantilever arm is rectangular, and comprises a front side wall and a rear side wall which are arranged in parallel at a spacing from front to back, and an upper side wall and a lower side wall which are arranged in parallel at a spacing from top to bottom.
3. The building construction material lifting device according to claim 2, wherein the guide structure comprises a front guide groove with a forward opening formed in a front side wall of the cantilever arm, and a rear guide groove with a rearward opening formed in a rear side wall of the cantilever arm, and the front guide groove and the rear guide groove are both extended in the left-right direction; the front side and the rear side of the nut are respectively fixed with a front connecting plate and a rear connecting plate, the front connecting plate is provided with a front sliding block matched with the front guide groove in a sliding mode, the rear connecting plate is provided with a rear sliding block matched with the rear guide groove in a sliding mode, and the guide structure further comprises a front sliding block and a rear sliding block.
4. The building construction material lifting device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the front connecting plate extends below the lower surface of the nut, the rear connecting plate extends below the lower surface of the nut, the lifting mechanism comprises a winding drum disposed below the nut, the rotating shafts of the winding drum are disposed on the front connecting plate and the rear connecting plate, respectively, the lifting mechanism further comprises a second driving mechanism in transmission connection with the rotating shaft of the winding drum, a steel wire rope is wound on the winding drum, and a hook is fixed to the free end of the steel wire rope.
5. A building construction material lifting device according to any one of claims 1-4, characterized in that a telescopic support extending in the up-down direction is fixedly arranged on the base, the telescopic support comprises a vertical column and a telescopic cylinder fixed on the top of the vertical column, and a support plate for supporting on the floor top plate is fixed on the top of the piston rod of the telescopic cylinder.
6. The building construction material lifting device according to claim 5, wherein there are two telescopic struts, and both telescopic struts are located at the left side of the support column.
7. The building construction material lifting device according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein the support column is fixed with a support rod which is obliquely arranged.
CN202122190477.9U 2021-09-10 2021-09-10 Building construction material lifting device Active CN215974668U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122190477.9U CN215974668U (en) 2021-09-10 2021-09-10 Building construction material lifting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122190477.9U CN215974668U (en) 2021-09-10 2021-09-10 Building construction material lifting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215974668U true CN215974668U (en) 2022-03-08

Family

ID=80465026

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122190477.9U Active CN215974668U (en) 2021-09-10 2021-09-10 Building construction material lifting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215974668U (en)

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