CN215942081U - Dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts - Google Patents

Dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215942081U
CN215942081U CN202120912304.0U CN202120912304U CN215942081U CN 215942081 U CN215942081 U CN 215942081U CN 202120912304 U CN202120912304 U CN 202120912304U CN 215942081 U CN215942081 U CN 215942081U
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China
Prior art keywords
back chipping
polishing
screw
roller
support
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CN202120912304.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙征男
陈君宇
刘新明
祁东健
曹宇杰
李永胜
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Beijing Aerospace Guanghua Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Aerospace Guanghua Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts, which comprises a power device, a polishing device, a sliding rail device, a back chipping device, a clamping device and a body, wherein the polishing device is arranged on the polishing device; when the equipment works, if flat parts need to be polished, firstly, the crank is rotated to simultaneously adjust the first clamping block and the second clamping block to be opened to the width of the flat parts, the screw rod is fixed through the butterfly screw after clamping is finished, clamping of the flat parts is finished, and then the power device is connected with a connecting bracket of the polishing device through the clamping pin; when the flat plate type part is required to be back-gouged, the power device is connected with the file mounting rack of the back-gouging device through the clamping pin, and then the equipment is started, so that the inner hole back-gouging of the flat plate type part can be achieved. The equipment ingeniously realizes two functions of surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat-plate parts, has high processing quality and good consistency, improves the processing efficiency and reduces the production cost.

Description

Dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts
Technical Field
The utility model relates to surface polishing and inner hole back chipping dual-purpose equipment for flat-plate parts, which is applied to the production work of surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat-plate parts and belongs to the field of part processing equipment.
Background
At present, the surface polishing processing of flat plate parts: for flat plate parts with larger breadth size, a metal wire drawing machine is mainly adopted for polishing at present, for example, aluminum plate parts need special aluminum wire drawing abrasive belts for wire drawing, the biggest defect is that abrasive particles on the abrasive belts can be embedded into the surfaces of the aluminum plate parts, and if the parts need to be oxidized in the later period, the quality of surface treatment is unqualified; for the flat parts of the parts with smaller sizes, the use conditions of the metal wire drawing machine are not met, the flat parts can only be manually polished by a fitter by using wire drawing cotton, the difference of skill levels of the fitter is limited, the phenomenon that the textures are inconsistent or local pits appear on the surfaces of the flat parts due to uneven force application can occur, the surface treatment at the later stage is influenced, and secondly, the manual polishing efficiency is lower, and the production cost is further increased. Inner hole back chipping processing aiming at flat plate parts: the file with the matched angle is used by a fitter for filing, the skill level of the fitter is limited, incomplete back chipping or excessive back chipping can be caused, the angle error of an inner hole can be caused, and the product quality is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is as follows: the surface polishing and inner hole back gouging dual-purpose equipment can realize the surface polishing and inner hole back gouging processing of the flat plate parts, ensures better surface quality, does not influence the surface treatment of the later stage of the parts, and can improve the processing efficiency.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows: the utility model relates to a dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts, which comprises a power device, a polishing device, a first slide rail device, a second slide rail device, a back chipping device, a clamping device and a body;
the power device, the polishing device, the first slide rail device, the second slide rail device, the back chipping device and the clamping device are all fixedly arranged on the body, and the clamping device is used for clamping the flat plate parts to be polished on the body; the power device can be connected with the polishing device or the back chipping device and provides power for the polishing device or the back chipping device; two sides of the polishing device are respectively arranged on the first slide rail device and the second slide rail device, and when the power device is connected with the polishing device, the power device reciprocates to drag the polishing device to do linear motion to polish the flat plate parts to be polished; when the power device is connected with the back chipping device, the power device drags the back chipping device to carry out back chipping treatment on the inner hole of the flat plate part needing back chipping.
The body include first base plate, the second base plate, first base plate, the second base plate passes through the support and supports, first base plate is located directly over the second base plate, the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the polishing is located the second base plate, be provided with the through-hole on the first base plate, the back chipping device hangs the bottom of installing at first base plate, pass the through-hole and expose first base plate surface, the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the back chipping is located the second base plate, power device drags the drive burnishing device along the horizontal direction is reciprocal and carries out polishing treatment to the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the polishing, carry out back chipping treatment along the hole of the dull and stereotyped class part of vertical direction reciprocating motion drive back chipping device to needs the back chipping.
The power device comprises a motor support, a motor, a speed reducer, a motor support rotating shaft, a first bolt assembly, a rotating support, a speed reducer output shaft, a crank, a first bolt rotating shaft, a connecting rod, a second bolt rotating shaft, a first connecting rod, a first linear bearing, a sliding rod and a second connecting rod;
the motor is arranged on a motor support, an output shaft of the motor is connected with the speed reducer, the speed reducer shell is fixedly connected with the motor support, one end of the crank is connected with the output shaft of the speed reducer, the other end of the crank is connected with one end of a connecting rod through a first bolt rotating shaft, the other end of the connecting rod is connected with a first connecting rod through a second bolt rotating shaft, one end of the sliding rod is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod, the other end of the sliding rod penetrates through two first linear bearings which are connected in series and is fixedly connected with one end of a second connecting rod, the first linear bearing is arranged on the motor support, the other end of the second connecting rod is an output end of the power device, and the output end is provided with a through hole for being connected with the polishing device or the root cleaning device in a pin shaft mode;
the rotating bracket is fixedly installed on the body through the first bolt assembly, the motor bracket is connected to the rotating bracket through a rotating shaft of the motor bracket and can rotate around the rotating bracket, and the output end of the power device is connected to the polishing device or the back chipping device through rotation of the motor bracket.
The body further comprises a first spring pin, a first support plate, a second spring pin and a second support plate;
the first spring pin is connected with the first support plate through threads, and the bottom surface of the first support plate is connected with the second base plate of the body through a fourth bolt assembly;
the bottom surface of the second support plate is connected with the second substrate of the body through a fifth bolt assembly;
when the power device is connected with the polishing device, a motor bracket of the power device is connected with the first supporting plate through a first spring pin; when the power device is connected with the back chipping device, a motor support of the power device is connected with the second support plate through a second spring pin.
The polishing device comprises a beam, a U-shaped bracket, a pressure plate, a connecting bracket, N sets of supporting units and M sets of pressure plate clamping units, wherein N is more than or equal to 3, and M is more than or equal to 1;
the U-shaped support is provided with an upward opening, the cross beam is positioned in the U-shaped support, two ends of the cross beam are respectively connected with the first slide rail device and the second slide rail device, the cross beam and the bottom of the U-shaped support are supported through N sets of supporting units, the length of each supporting unit is adjustable, and therefore the distance between the U-shaped support and the surface of the flat plate part to be polished is adjusted; the wire drawing cotton for metal polishing treatment is wrapped at the bottom and the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped bracket, the pressing plates are symmetrically arranged at the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped bracket through M sets of pressing plate clamping units and are used for pressing the wire drawing cotton positioned at the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped bracket, and the pressing plate clamping units are used for adjusting the distance between the pressing plates and the side wall of the U-shaped bracket; one end of the connecting support is fixedly connected with the top surface of the cross beam, the other end of the connecting support is provided with two flat plates which are parallel to each other, and through holes matched with the output end of the power device are formed in the positions, opposite to the flat plates, of the connecting support, so that the connecting support can be conveniently inserted into the output end of the power device and is connected with the output end of the power device through a pin shaft.
The supporting unit comprises a long screw, a second compression spring and a fourth nut;
one end of the long screw is fixedly installed at the bottom of the U-shaped support, the other end of the long screw penetrates through the second compression spring and the cross beam in sequence and is connected with the fourth nut on the top surface of the cross beam, the second compression spring abuts between the cross beam and the U-shaped support, and the fourth nut is used for adjusting the distance between the cross beam and the bottom of the U-shaped support.
The pressure plate clamping unit comprises a first compression spring, a third screw, a gasket and a butterfly nut;
and the third screw sequentially penetrates through the side panel of the U-shaped bracket, the pressing plate and the first compression spring to be connected with the butterfly nut.
The clamp plate structure be the U type, the downside is the cockscomb structure, the clamping is drawn a silk cotton more firmly reliable.
The first slide rail device and the second slide rail device respectively comprise a first slide rail fixing unit, a second slide rail fixing unit, a slide rail, a roller bracket, a first roller, a second roller, a third roller, a fourth roller, a first roller shaft and a second roller shaft;
the first slide rail fixing unit and the second slide rail fixing unit are used for fixing two ends of the first slide rail device and the second slide rail device on the body; a linear groove is arranged in the slide rail, a first roller shaft and a second roller shaft penetrate through the bottom of the roller bracket, and the first roller and the second roller are positioned on two sides of the roller bracket and are rotationally connected with the first roller shaft; the third roller and the fourth roller are positioned at two sides of the roller bracket and are rotationally connected with the second roller shaft; the first roller, the second roller, the third roller and the fourth roller can roll in the groove of the sliding rail.
The back chipping device comprises a file, a limiting column, a fifth screw, a file limiting block, a second linear bearing, a file mounting rack, a sixth screw, a second linear bearing support, a seventh screw and a second set screw.
The second linear bearing is vertically arranged on a second substrate on the body through a tool, and one end of the file mounting rack is an inverted U-shaped pin shaft connecting interface which is used for being connected with the output end of the power device in a matching way; the other end of the file mounting frame penetrates through the second linear bearing and is fixedly connected with one end of the file, and the other end of the file penetrates through the first substrate and is exposed out of the surface of the first substrate.
The back chipping device also comprises L limiting columns, wherein L is more than or equal to 2;
the limiting column is fixedly arranged in a hole position of the file limiting block, and the file limiting block is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the first substrate; the hole sites of the flat plate parts needing back chipping penetrate through the file and the limiting columns and are placed on the file limiting block, the corners needing back chipping are in contact with two edges of the file, and the two sets of limiting columns limit two edges of the corners needing back chipping of the flat plate parts.
The clamping device comprises a crank, a butterfly screw, a screw rod fixing clamp, an eighth screw, a first bearing seat, a ninth screw, a first clamping block, a second clamping block, a screw rod, a second bearing seat and a tenth screw;
the crank is connected with one end of the screw rod through a rectangular hole, and the other end of the screw rod sequentially penetrates through holes of the screw rod fixing clamp, the first bearing seat, the first clamping block, the second clamping block and the second bearing seat; the screw rod fixing clamp is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate through an eighth screw, the first bearing seat is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate through a ninth screw, a tenth screw of the second bearing seat is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate, the butterfly screw is rotatably connected with the screw rod fixing clamp through threads, the upper ends of the first clamping block and the second clamping block are respectively provided with a first lug and a second lug, and the first lug and the second lug respectively penetrate through two linear grooves which are parallel to each other on the second substrate to expose the surface of the second substrate; the first clamping block, the second clamping block and the screw rod are in threaded rotation connection, when the crank handle drives the screw rod to rotate through the rectangular hole and the screw rod, the first clamping block and the second clamping block are relatively close to or far away from each other, and the first lug and the second lug on the first clamping block and the second clamping block move relatively to each other to clamp or release a polished metal plate.
The suction pipe of the external dust removal equipment can be fixedly arranged on the body, and metal chips generated in the polishing and back chipping processes can be simultaneously sucked and removed when the equipment works.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the power device can be connected with the polishing device or the back chipping device, has two functions of polishing flat parts and back chipping inner holes, can respectively realize the two functions of polishing flat parts and back chipping inner holes only by adjusting the connection of the power device and the polishing device or the back chipping device, and is convenient and quick to use.
(2) The U-shaped device in the polishing device is adjustable in height, not only can the polishing strength be controlled, but also the polishing device can be suitable for flat parts with different thicknesses, and the application range is wide.
(3) The distance between the clamping blocks in the clamping device can be adjusted by rotating the crank, flat plate parts with various breadth sizes can be clamped, and the clamping is convenient and quick.
(4) According to the utility model, a plurality of limiting column mounting holes can be reserved on the file limiting block according to actual conditions, and the mounting positions of the limiting columns can be adjusted according to the size of the hole site to be back-gouged, so that the file limiting block can adapt to flat plate parts with inner holes of various sizes.
(5) The utility model can replace the manual operation to realize the surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate parts, thereby avoiding the quality problems possibly generated by the manual polishing and back chipping.
(6) The utility model can greatly improve the processing efficiency of surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat parts, reduce the labor intensity of workers and further reduce the production cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a dual-purpose apparatus for surface polishing and inner bore back chipping of a flat plate type part;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a power plant;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an electrical module of the power plant;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the polishing apparatus;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a partial structure of the polishing apparatus;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the slide rail device;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a roller of the slide rail device;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a back gouging apparatus;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a partial structure of the back gouging apparatus;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the clamping device;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of the body;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of the first and second support plates of the body;
in the figure:
1-power device 2-polishing device 3-slide rail device
4-back chipping device 5-clamping device 6-body
101-motor support 102-motor 103-speed reducer
104-motor support rotating shaft 105-first bolt assembly 106-first screw
107-rotating bracket 108-reducer output shaft 109-crank
110-first bolt rotating shaft 111-connecting rod 112-second bolt rotating shaft
113-first nut 114-first connecting rod 115-second nut
116-first linear bearing 117-second screw 118-slide bar
119-third nut 120-second connecting rod 121-bayonet lock
122-opening pin 123-switching power supply 124-controller
201-beam 202-U-shaped bracket 203-pressing plate
204-handle 205-wing nut 206-first compression spring
207-third screw 208-spacer 209-second bolt assembly
210-long screw 211-fourth nut 212-connecting bracket
213-fourth screw 214-second compression spring 301-bolt assembly
302-slide rail fixing clamp 303-slide rail 304-slide rail pressure plate
305-first set screw 306-roller bracket 307-roller
308-roller shaft 401-file 402-limiting column
403-fifth screw 404-file stop 405-second linear bearing
406-mounting rack 407 of file-sixth screw 408-second linear bearing support
409-seventh screw 410-second set screw 501-crank
502-thumb screw 503-lead screw fixing clamp 504-eighth screw
505-first bearing block 506-ninth screw 507-first clamping block
508-second clamping block 509-screw rod
510-second bearing seat 511-tenth screw
601-first base plate 602-first beam 603-upright column
604-second base plate 605-first support plate 606-second support plate
607-second crossbeam 608-first spring pin 609-fourth bolt assembly
610-second spring pin 611-fifth bolt assembly
Detailed Description
The utility model is described in detail below with reference to the figures and specific examples.
The utility model is a dual-purpose device for surface polishing and inner hole back gouging of flat plate parts, which is designed by the applicant through a large amount of research and experiments aiming at the problems, and as shown in fig. 1, the dual-purpose device for surface polishing and inner hole back gouging of flat plate parts comprises a power device 1, a polishing device 2, a slide rail device 3, a back gouging device 4, a clamping device 5 and a body 6.
The power device, the polishing device, the first slide rail device, the second slide rail device, the back chipping device and the clamping device are all fixedly arranged on the body, and the clamping device is used for clamping the flat plate parts to be polished on the body; the power device can be connected with the polishing device or the back chipping device and provides power for the polishing device or the back chipping device; two sides of the polishing device are respectively arranged on the first slide rail device and the second slide rail device, and when the power device is connected with the polishing device, the power device reciprocates to drag the polishing device to do linear motion to polish the flat plate parts to be polished; when the power device is connected with the back chipping device, the power device drags the back chipping device to carry out back chipping treatment on the inner hole of the flat plate part needing back chipping.
The body include first base plate, the second base plate, first base plate, the second base plate passes through the support and supports, first base plate is located directly over the second base plate, the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the polishing is located the second base plate, be provided with the through-hole on the first base plate, the back chipping device hangs the bottom of installing at first base plate, pass the through-hole and expose first base plate surface, the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the back chipping is located the second base plate, power device drags the drive burnishing device along the horizontal direction is reciprocal and carries out polishing treatment to the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the polishing, carry out back chipping treatment along the hole of the dull and stereotyped class part of vertical direction reciprocating motion drive back chipping device to needs the back chipping.
The specific structure is shown in fig. 11, and the body includes a first substrate 601, a first beam 602, a column 603, a second substrate 604, and a second beam 607.
First base plate 601 through welding and two first crossbeam 602 welded connection, two first crossbeams 602 and four stand 603 welded connection, eight second crossbeam 607 both ends respectively with the side welded connection of four stand 603, the ground of second base plate and the three second crossbeam 607 welded connection of intermediate position. The top ends of the four upright columns 603 are respectively connected with the bottom surfaces of the two first cross beams 602 in a welding manner.
As shown in fig. 2, the power device includes a motor bracket 101, a motor 102, a speed reducer 103, a motor bracket rotating shaft 104, a first bolt assembly 105, a rotating bracket 107, a speed reducer output shaft 108, a crank 109, a first bolt rotating shaft 110, a connecting rod 111, a second bolt rotating shaft 112, a first connecting rod 114, a first linear bearing 116, a sliding rod 118, and a second connecting rod 120;
the motor 102 is installed on the motor bracket 101, the output shaft of the motor 102 is connected with the reducer 103, the casing of the reducer 103 is fixedly connected with the motor bracket 101 through a first screw 106, one end of a crank 109 is connected with the reducer output shaft 108, the other end is connected with one end of a connecting rod 111 through a first bolt rotating shaft 110, a first nut 113 is used for being fixed at the end of the connecting rod 111, the other end of the connecting rod 111 is connected with a first connecting rod 114 through a second bolt rotating shaft 112, one end of a sliding rod 118 is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod 114 through a screw thread and is fastened through a second nut 115, the other end of the sliding rod 118 passes through two first linear bearings 116 connected in series and is fixedly connected with one end of a second connecting rod 120 through a screw thread, the first linear bearing 116 is installed on the motor bracket 101 through a second screw 117, the other end of the second connecting rod 120 is the output end of the power device, and the output end is provided with a through hole, the polishing device or the back chipping device is used for being connected with the polishing device or the back chipping device in a pin shaft mode. When not in use, one end of the bayonet 121 passes through the through hole of the second connecting rod 120, and the cotter 122 is installed through the through hole of one end of the bayonet 121. The rotating bracket 107 is fixedly installed on the body through the first bolt assembly 105, the motor bracket 101 is connected to the rotating bracket 107 through the motor bracket rotating shaft 104 and can rotate around the rotating bracket, and the output end of the power device is connected to the polishing device or the back chipping device through the rotation of the motor bracket.
Preferably, the body further comprises a first spring pin 608, a first support plate 605, a second spring pin 610 and a second support plate 606;
as shown in fig. 12, the first spring pin 608 is connected to the first plate 605 by a screw thread, and the bottom surface of the first plate 605 is connected to the second base plate 604 of the body 1 by a fourth bolt assembly; the second spring pin 610 is connected with the second support plate 606, and the bottom surface of the second support plate 606 is connected with the second substrate 604 of the body 1 through a fifth bolt assembly;
when the power unit is connected with the polishing device, the motor bracket 101 of the power unit is connected with the first support plate 605 through the first spring pin 608; when the power unit is connected to the back chipping device, the motor bracket 101 of the power unit is connected to the second fulcrum plate 606 by the second spring pin 610.
As shown in fig. 3, the controller 124 is connected to the motor 102 and the switching power supply 123 through wires, the switching power supply 123 is connected to the controller 124 and the power supply through wires, and the bottom surfaces of the switching power supply 123 and the controller 124 are fixed to the second support 607 at the middle position of the main body 1 by adhesion.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the polishing apparatus 2 includes a beam 201, a U-shaped bracket 202, a pressure plate 203, a connecting bracket 212, N sets of supporting units, and M sets of pressure plate clamping units, where N is greater than or equal to 3, and M is greater than or equal to 1;
the U-shaped support 202 is provided with an upward opening, the cross beam 201 is positioned in the U-shaped support 202, two ends of the cross beam 201 are respectively connected with the first slide rail device and the second slide rail device through second bolt assemblies 209, the cross beam 201 and the bottom of the U-shaped support 202 are supported through N sets of supporting units, the length of each supporting unit is adjustable, and then the distance between the U-shaped support 202 and the surface of the polished flat plate part is adjusted; the bottom and the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped support 202 are wrapped by the wiredrawing cotton for metal polishing treatment, the pressing plates 203 are symmetrically arranged on the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped support 202 through M sets of pressing plate clamping units and are used for pressing the wiredrawing cotton positioned on the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped support 202, and the pressing plate clamping units are used for adjusting the distance between the pressing plates and the side wall of the U-shaped support 202; one end of the connecting bracket 212 is fixedly connected with the top surface of the cross beam 201, the other end of the connecting bracket is provided with two flat plates which are parallel to each other, and through holes matched with the output end of the power device are formed in the positions, opposite to the flat plates, of the connecting bracket, so that the connecting bracket can be conveniently inserted into the output end of the power device and is connected with the output end of the power device through a pin shaft; the handle 204 is connected with the pressure plate 203 in a welding way.
The supporting unit comprises a long screw 210, a second compression spring 214 and a fourth nut 211;
one end of a long screw 210 is fixedly installed at the bottom of the U-shaped support 202, the other end of the long screw sequentially penetrates through the second compression spring 214 and the cross beam 201, the top surface of the cross beam 201 is connected with a fourth nut 211, the second compression spring 214 abuts between the cross beam 201 and the U-shaped support 202, and the fourth nut 211 is used for adjusting the distance between the cross beam 201 and the bottom of the U-shaped support 202.
The pressure plate clamping unit comprises a first compression spring 206, a third screw 207, a gasket 208 and a butterfly nut 205;
the third screw 207 passes through the side panel of the U-shaped bracket 202, the pressing plate 203, the first compression spring 206 and is connected with the wing nut 205 in sequence.
The clamp plate structure be the U type, the downside is the cockscomb structure, the clamping is drawn a silk cotton more firmly reliable.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, each of the first slide rail device 3 and the second slide rail device 3-2 includes a first slide rail fixing unit, a second slide rail fixing unit, a slide rail 303, a roller bracket 306, a first roller 307-1, a second roller 307-2, a third roller 307-3, a fourth roller 307-4, a first roller shaft 308-1, and a second roller shaft 308-2;
the first slide rail fixing unit and the second slide rail fixing unit are used for fixing two ends of the first slide rail device 3-1 and the second slide rail device on the body; a linear groove is arranged in the slide rail 303, a first roller shaft 308-1 and a second roller shaft 308-2 penetrate through the bottom of the roller bracket 306, and a first roller 307-1 and a second roller 307-2 are positioned at two sides of the roller bracket 306 and are rotationally connected with the first roller shaft 308-1; the third roller 307-3 and the fourth roller 307-4 are positioned at the two sides of the roller bracket 306 and are rotationally connected with the second roller shaft 308-2; the first roller 307-1, the second roller 307-2, the third roller 307-3 and the fourth roller 307-4 can roll in the groove of the sliding rail 303; the roller bracket 306 is used for being fixedly connected with the cross beam 201.
The first slide rail fixing unit and the second slide rail fixing unit have the same structure and comprise a slide rail fixing clamp 302, a slide rail pressing plate 304 and a set screw 305;
the two slide rail fixing clamps 302 are fixedly connected with the top surface of the second substrate 604 through the third bolt assemblies 301, the slide rail 303 is fixedly connected with the top surface of the second substrate 604 through the slide rail fixing clamps 302, the slide rail pressing plates 304 and the first set screws 305, the two slide rail pressing plates 304 are respectively placed at two ends of the slide rail 303, the first set screws 305 are installed on the slide rail fixing clamps 302 through threads, and the tail ends of the first set screws abut against the upper surfaces of the slide rail pressing plates 304.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the back chipping device 4 includes a file 401, a limiting column 402, a fifth screw 403, a file limiting block 404, a second linear bearing 405, a file mounting bracket 406, a sixth screw 407, a second linear bearing bracket 408, a seventh screw 409 and a second set screw 410.
The second linear bearing 405 is vertically installed on a second substrate on the body through a tool, and one end of the file mounting rack 406 is an inverted U-shaped pin shaft connecting interface for matching connection with the output end of the power device; and the other end of the file mounting block 406 passes through the second linear bearing 405 to be fixedly connected with one end of the file 401, and the other end of the file 401 passes through the first substrate 601 to expose the surface of the first substrate 601.
The back chipping device 4 further comprises L limiting columns 402, wherein L is more than or equal to 2;
the limiting column 402 is fixedly arranged in a hole of the file limiting block 404, and the file limiting block 404 is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the first substrate 601; the hole sites of the flat plate parts needing back chipping penetrate through the file and the limiting columns and are placed on the file limiting block, the corners needing back chipping are in contact with two edges of the file, and the two sets of limiting columns limit two edges of the corners needing back chipping of the flat plate parts.
Specifically, the rasp 401 is mounted in the insertion hole of the rasp mounting bracket 406 and fixedly connected with the insertion hole through the second set screw 410, the limiting post 402 is fixedly mounted in the hole of the rasp limiting block 404, the rasp limiting block 404 is fixedly mounted on the bottom surface of the first substrate 601 through the fifth screw 403, the right side of the side surface of the second linear bearing 405 is fixedly mounted on the right side of the side surface of the second linear bearing bracket 408 through the sixth screw 407, and the upper surface of the second linear bearing bracket 408 is fixedly mounted on the bottom surface of the first substrate 601 through the seventh screw 409.
As shown in fig. 10, the clamping device 5 includes a crank 501, a thumb screw 502, a screw rod fixing clamp 503, an eighth screw 504, a first bearing seat 505, a ninth screw 506, a first clamping block 507, a second clamping block 508, a screw rod 509, a second bearing seat 510, and a tenth screw 511;
the crank 501 is connected with one end of a screw rod 509 through a rectangular hole, and the other end of the screw rod 509 passes through holes of a screw rod fixing clamp 503, a first bearing seat 505, a first clamping block 507, a second clamping block 508 and a second bearing seat 510 in sequence; the screw rod fixing clamp 503 is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate 604 through an eighth screw 504, the first bearing seat 505 is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate 604 through a ninth screw 506, the second bearing seat 510 is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate 604 through a tenth screw 511, the thumb screw 502 is rotatably connected with the screw rod fixing clamp 503 through threads, the upper ends of the first clamping block 507 and the second clamping block 508 are respectively provided with a first lug and a second lug, and the first lug and the second lug respectively pass through two linear grooves which are parallel to each other on the second substrate to expose the surface of the second substrate; the first clamping block 507, the second clamping block 508 and the screw rod 509 are in threaded rotation connection, when the crank 501 and the screw rod 509 drive the screw rod 509 to rotate through the rectangular hole, the first clamping block 507 and the second clamping block 508 are relatively close to or far away from each other, and the first lug and the second lug on the first clamping block 507 and the second clamping block 508 move relatively to clamp or release a polished metal plate.
Preferably, a suction pipe of an external dust removing device can be fixedly arranged on the body, and metal scraps generated in the polishing and back chipping processes can be simultaneously sucked and removed when the device works.
The working principle of the utility model is as follows: when the device works, if flat plate parts need to be polished, the wiredrawing cotton needs to be clamped for the polishing device 2, three pieces of wiredrawing cotton with proper length are cut, the handle 204 is pulled up to open the pressure plate 203 with proper width, one ends of the three wiredrawing cotton are clamped into the pressure plate 203 side by side, then the other ends of the three wiredrawing cotton are clamped by the same method, then the clamping block 1507 and the clamping block 2508 are simultaneously adjusted to be opened to the width of the flat plate parts by rotating the crank 501, the screw rod 509 is fixed by the butterfly screw 502 after clamping, the flat plate parts are clamped, then the motor bracket 101 is rotated to the horizontal position, the motor bracket 101 is fixed by the spring pin 1608, the slide rail device 3 is adjusted to enable the hole position of the connecting bracket 212 of the polishing device 2 to be aligned with the hole position of the connecting rod 2120, the bayonet pin 121 and the split pin 122 are inserted to complete the connection of the power device 1 and the polishing device 2, and the switch power supply 123 is connected with the power supply, turning on a switch of the controller 124, and adjusting to a proper speed through a speed adjusting knob on the controller 124 to realize the polishing of the flat plate parts; if the inner hole of the flat plate part needs to be back-rooted, firstly, the motor support 101 is rotated to a vertical position, the motor support 101 is fixed through the spring pin 2610, the back-rooted device 4 is adjusted to enable the hole position of the file mounting frame 406 to be aligned with the hole position of the connecting rod 2120, the bayonet pin 121 and the split pin 122 are inserted to complete connection of the power device 1 and the back-rooted device 4, then the hole position of the flat plate part needing to be back-rooted penetrates through the file 401 and the limiting columns 402 and is placed on the file limiting block 404, the corner needing to be back-rooted is contacted with two edges of the file 401, the two groups of limiting columns 402 realize limiting of the two edges of the corner needing to be back-rooted of the flat plate part, the switch power supply 123 is connected with the power supply, the switch of the controller 124 is turned on, and the speed adjusting knob on the controller 124 is adjusted to a proper speed to realize back-rooted of the inner hole of the flat plate part.
The present invention is not described in detail in the context of apparatus which is within the knowledge of a person skilled in the art.

Claims (13)

1. A dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts is characterized by comprising a power device, a polishing device, a first slide rail device, a second slide rail device, a back chipping device, a clamping device and a body;
the power device, the polishing device, the first slide rail device, the second slide rail device, the back chipping device and the clamping device are all fixedly arranged on the body, and the clamping device is used for clamping the flat plate parts to be polished on the body; the power device can be connected with the polishing device or the back chipping device and provides power for the polishing device or the back chipping device; two sides of the polishing device are respectively arranged on the first slide rail device and the second slide rail device, and when the power device is connected with the polishing device, the power device reciprocates to drag the polishing device to do linear motion to polish the flat plate parts to be polished; when the power device is connected with the back chipping device, the power device drags the back chipping device to carry out back chipping treatment on the inner hole of the flat plate part needing back chipping.
2. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the body include first base plate, the second base plate, first base plate, the second base plate passes through the support and supports, first base plate is located directly over the second base plate, the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the polishing is located the second base plate, be provided with the through-hole on the first base plate, the back chipping device hangs the bottom of installing at first base plate, pass the through-hole and expose first base plate surface, the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the back chipping is located the second base plate, power device drags the drive burnishing device along the horizontal direction is reciprocal and carries out polishing treatment to the dull and stereotyped class part that needs the polishing, carry out back chipping treatment along the hole of the dull and stereotyped class part of vertical direction reciprocating motion drive back chipping device to needs the back chipping.
3. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the power device comprises a motor support (101), a motor (102), a speed reducer (103), a motor support rotating shaft (104), a first bolt assembly (105), a rotating support (107), a speed reducer output shaft (108), a crank (109), a first bolt rotating shaft (110), a connecting rod (111), a second bolt rotating shaft (112), a first connecting rod (114), a first linear bearing (116), a sliding rod (118) and a second connecting rod (120);
the motor (102) is arranged on the motor support (101), the output shaft of the motor (102) is connected with the reducer (103), the shell of the reducer (103) is fixedly connected with the motor support (101), one end of a crank (109) is connected with the output shaft (108) of the reducer, the other end of the crank is connected with one end of a connecting rod (111) through a first bolt rotating shaft (110), the other end of the connecting rod (111) is connected with a first connecting rod (114) through a second bolt rotating shaft (112), one end of a sliding rod (118) is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod (114), the other end of the sliding rod (118) passes through two first linear bearings (116) which are connected in series and is fixedly connected with one end of a second connecting rod (120), the first linear bearing (116) is arranged on the motor support (101), the other end of the second connecting rod (120) is the output end of the power device, and the output end is provided with a through hole, the polishing device or the back chipping device is used for being connected with the polishing device or the back chipping device in a pin shaft mode;
rotating bracket (107) pass through first bolt assembly (105) fixed mounting on the body, and motor support (101) are connected on rotating bracket (107) through motor support pivot (104), can be rotatory around rotating bracket, make the power device output be connected to burnishing device or back chipping device through motor support is rotatory.
4. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the body further comprises a first spring pin (608), a first support plate (605), a second spring pin (610) and a second support plate (606);
the first spring pin (608) is connected with the first support plate (605) through threads, and the bottom surface of the first support plate (605) is connected with the second base plate (604) of the body (1) through a fourth bolt assembly;
the second spring pin (610) is connected with the second support plate (606), and the bottom surface of the second support plate (606) is connected with the second base plate (604) of the body (1) through a fifth bolt assembly;
when the power device is connected with the polishing device, a motor bracket (101) of the power device is connected with a first support plate (605) through a first spring pin (608); when the power device is connected with the back chipping device, a motor bracket (101) of the power device is connected with the second support plate (606) through a second spring pin (610).
5. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the polishing device (2) comprises a cross beam (201), a U-shaped support (202), a pressure plate (203), a connecting support (212), N sets of supporting units and M sets of pressure plate clamping units, wherein N is more than or equal to 3, and M is more than or equal to 1;
the opening of the U-shaped support (202) faces upwards, the cross beam (201) is located in the U-shaped support (202), two ends of the cross beam (201) are respectively connected with the first slide rail device and the second slide rail device, the cross beam (201) and the bottom of the U-shaped support (202) are supported through N sets of supporting units, the length of each supporting unit is adjustable, and then the distance between the U-shaped support (202) and the surface of the polished flat plate part is adjusted; the wire drawing cotton for metal polishing treatment is wrapped at the bottom and the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped support (202), the pressing plates (203) are symmetrically arranged at the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped support (202) through M sets of pressing plate clamping units and used for pressing the wire drawing cotton positioned at the outer side of the side wall of the U-shaped support (202), and the pressing plate clamping units are used for adjusting the distance between the pressing plates and the side wall of the U-shaped support (202); one end of the connecting support (212) is fixedly connected with the top surface of the cross beam (201), the other end of the connecting support is two flat plates which are parallel to each other, and through holes matched with the output end of the power device are formed in the positions, opposite to the flat plates, of the connecting support, so that the connecting support can be conveniently inserted into the output end of the power device and is connected with the output end of the power device through a pin shaft.
6. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts according to claim 5, wherein: the supporting unit comprises a long screw (210), a second compression spring (214) and a fourth nut (211);
one end of a long screw (210) is fixedly installed at the bottom of the U-shaped support (202), the other end of the long screw penetrates through the second compression spring (214) and the cross beam (201) in sequence, the top surface of the cross beam (201) is connected with a fourth nut (211), the second compression spring (214) abuts between the cross beam (201) and the U-shaped support (202), and the fourth nut (211) is used for adjusting the distance between the cross beam (201) and the bottom of the U-shaped support (202).
7. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts according to claim 5, wherein: the pressure plate clamping unit comprises a first compression spring (206), a third screw (207), a gasket (208) and a butterfly nut (205);
the third screw (207) sequentially penetrates through the side panel of the U-shaped bracket (202), the pressing plate (203) and the first compression spring (206) and is connected with the butterfly nut (205).
8. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts according to claim 7, wherein: the clamp plate structure be the U type, the downside is the cockscomb structure, the clamping is drawn a silk cotton more firmly reliable.
9. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the first slide rail device (3) and the second slide rail device (3-2) respectively comprise a first slide rail fixing unit, a second slide rail fixing unit, a slide rail (303), a roller bracket (306), a first roller (307-1), a second roller (307-2), a third roller (307-3), a fourth roller (307-4), a first roller shaft (308-1) and a second roller shaft (308-2);
the first slide rail fixing unit and the second slide rail fixing unit are used for fixing two ends of the first slide rail device (3-1) and the second slide rail device on the body; a linear groove is arranged in the sliding rail (303), a first roller shaft (308-1) and a second roller shaft (308-2) penetrate through the bottom of the roller bracket (306), and the first roller (307-1) and the second roller (307-2) are positioned at two sides of the roller bracket (306) and are rotationally connected with the first roller shaft (308-1); the third roller (307-3) and the fourth roller (307-4) are positioned at the two sides of the roller bracket (306) and are rotationally connected with the second roller shaft (308-2); the first roller (307-1), the second roller (307-2), the third roller (307-3) and the fourth roller (307-4) can roll in the groove of the sliding rail (303).
10. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the back chipping device (4) comprises a file (401), a limiting column (402), a fifth screw (403), a file limiting block (404), a second linear bearing (405), a file mounting frame (406), a sixth screw (407), a second linear bearing bracket (408), a seventh screw (409) and a second set screw (410);
a second linear bearing (405) is vertically arranged on a second substrate on the body through a tool, and one end of the file mounting rack (406) is an inverted U-shaped pin shaft connecting interface and is used for being connected with the output end of the power device in a matching manner; and the other end of the file mounting rack (406) passes through the second linear bearing (405) and is fixedly connected with one end of the file (401), and the other end of the file (401) passes through the first substrate (601) and is exposed out of the surface of the first substrate (601).
11. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the back chipping device (4) further comprises L limiting columns (402), wherein L is more than or equal to 2;
the limiting column (402) is fixedly arranged in a hole position of the file limiting block (404), and the file limiting block (404) is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the first substrate (601); the hole sites of the flat plate parts needing back chipping penetrate through the file and the limiting columns and are placed on the file limiting block, the corners needing back chipping are in contact with two edges of the file, and the two sets of limiting columns limit two edges of the corners needing back chipping of the flat plate parts.
12. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of the flat plate type part according to claim 1, wherein: the clamping device (5) comprises a crank (501), a thumb screw (502), a screw rod fixing clamp (503), an eighth screw (504), a first bearing seat (505), a ninth screw (506), a first clamping block (507), a second clamping block (508), a screw rod (509), a second bearing seat (510) and a tenth screw (511);
the crank (501) is connected with one end of a screw rod (509) through a rectangular hole, and the other end of the screw rod (509) sequentially penetrates through holes of a screw rod fixing clamp (503), a first bearing seat (505), a first clamping block (507), a second clamping block (508) and a second bearing seat (510); the screw rod fixing clamp (503) is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate (604) through an eighth screw (504), the first bearing seat (505) is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate (604) through a ninth screw (506), a tenth screw (511) of the second bearing seat (510) is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second substrate (604), the butterfly screw (502) is rotatably connected with the screw rod fixing clamp (503) through threads, the upper ends of the first clamping block (507) and the second clamping block (508) are respectively provided with a first lug and a second lug, and the first lug and the second lug respectively penetrate through two linear grooves which are parallel to each other on the second substrate to expose the surface of the second substrate; the first clamping block (507), the second clamping block (508) and the screw rod (509) are in threaded rotation connection, when the crank (501) drives the screw rod (509) to rotate through the rectangular hole and the screw rod (509), the first clamping block (507) and the second clamping block (508) are relatively close to or far away from each other, and the first lug and the second lug on the first clamping block (507) and the second clamping block (508) move relatively to clamp or release a polished metal plate.
13. The dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts according to claim 7, wherein: the suction pipe of the external dust removal equipment can be fixedly arranged on the body, and metal chips generated in the polishing and back chipping processes can be simultaneously sucked and removed when the equipment works.
CN202120912304.0U 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 Dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts Active CN215942081U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120912304.0U CN215942081U (en) 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 Dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120912304.0U CN215942081U (en) 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 Dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215942081U true CN215942081U (en) 2022-03-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120912304.0U Active CN215942081U (en) 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 Dual-purpose equipment for surface polishing and inner hole back chipping of flat plate parts

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Country Link
CN (1) CN215942081U (en)

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