CN215860273U - Ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining - Google Patents

Ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215860273U
CN215860273U CN202122590247.1U CN202122590247U CN215860273U CN 215860273 U CN215860273 U CN 215860273U CN 202122590247 U CN202122590247 U CN 202122590247U CN 215860273 U CN215860273 U CN 215860273U
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Prior art keywords
box
fixed
ventilation
water
fixedly connected
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CN202122590247.1U
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Inventor
彭必林
吕建华
李中奎
邹先进
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Tieshannan Coal Mine Of Sichuan Coal Huarong Energy Co ltd
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Tieshannan Coal Mine Of Sichuan Coal Huarong Energy Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining, which comprises a ventilation and dust removal mechanism, wherein the ventilation and dust removal mechanism comprises a fixed box, a water tank, a water inlet pipe, a water pump, a spray head and a fan. Coal dust and harmful gas enter the fixed box through the connecting pipe, the water pump is started to pump water from the water tank, the plurality of spray heads spray water, the sprayed water and the top of the arc-shaped plate form impact, so that the water dispersedly flows towards two sides along the arc-shaped plate, the absorption area and the absorption time are increased, the harmful gas and residual coal dust in the harmful gas can be further purified, the purified gas is discharged through the connecting box and the exhaust hood, the U-shaped handle is moved rightwards by rotating the bolt, the collecting box is driven by the U-shaped handle to be taken out of the supporting box, the coal dust and the harmful gas are conveniently absorbed, the coal dust is prevented from entering the fan to cause damage to the fan, the ventilation efficiency is improved, and the harmful gas is prevented from being discharged into the atmosphere to cause damage to human bodies.

Description

Ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to the technical field of ventilation and exhaust equipment, in particular to a ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining.
Background art:
the coal mine is a place rich in coal resources, and is generally divided into a mineworker coal mine and an open pit coal mine, and when a coal bed is far away from the ground surface, a tunnel is dug to the underground, so that the mineworker coal mine is obtained. When the coal seam is very close to the earth surface, the coal is generally excavated by directly stripping the earth surface soil layer, the coal is a main solid fuel and is one of combustible organic rocks, and in the process of coal mining, in order to ensure the normal operation in a mine, a ventilation and exhaust device is indispensable, and most of the prior art carries out ventilation treatment through a fan.
However, most of the existing ventilation and exhaust devices for coal mining are inconvenient to absorb coal dust and harmful gas, if the coal dust enters a fan, the fan is easy to damage, so that the ventilation efficiency is reduced, and the harmful gas is exhausted into the atmosphere and absorbed by human bodies, so that certain potential safety hazards exist.
The utility model has the following contents:
the utility model aims to provide a ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining, which solves the problems in the background technology.
The utility model is implemented by the following technical scheme: a ventilation exhaust apparatus for coal mining, includes
The ventilation and dust removal mechanism comprises a fixed box, a water tank, a water inlet pipe, a water pump, a spray head and a fan;
the top fixedly connected with water tank of fixed case, the top intercommunication of water tank is fixed with the inlet tube, the outside threaded connection of inlet tube has the tube cap, the top fixedly connected with water pump of fixed case, the water inlet of water pump extends to in the water tank, the delivery port intercommunication of water pump is fixed with the rectangular pipe, the bottom intercommunication of rectangular pipe is fixed with a plurality of risers, the bottom of riser extends to fixed incasement intercommunication and is fixed with the shower nozzle, and the setting of water tank is convenient for store water.
As further preferable in the present technical solution: the fixed cover of fixed case is established in the outside of a plurality of standpipes, the top intercommunication of fixed case is fixed with the connecting box, fixed cover is equipped with the fan in the connecting box, and the effect of intercommunication has been played in setting up of standpipe.
As further preferable in the present technical solution: the top of connecting box intercommunication is fixed with the exhaust hood, the left side intercommunication of fixed case is fixed with the rectangle case, and the setting of exhaust hood is convenient for discharge wind.
As further preferable in the present technical solution: the bottom of the rectangular box is communicated and fixed with a connecting pipe, a connecting plate is fixedly connected between the inner wall of the front side and the inner wall of the rear side of the fixed box, and the connecting pipe plays a role in connection.
As further preferable in the present technical solution: two montants of the bottom inner wall fixedly connected with of fixed case, two the top fixedly connected with arc of montant, four bracing pieces of the bottom fixedly connected with of fixed case, the setting of bracing piece has played the effect of support.
As further preferable in the present technical solution: a collecting and taking-out mechanism is arranged below the ventilation and dust removal mechanism and comprises a transverse plate, a supporting box, a collecting box, a U-shaped handle and a bolt;
four fixedly connected with diaphragm between the bracing piece, the top fixedly connected with supporting box of diaphragm, communicate and be fixed with same toper pipe between the top of supporting box and the bottom of fixed case, the effect of intercommunication has been played in setting up of toper pipe.
As further preferable in the present technical solution: the inside sliding connection of supporting box has the collecting box that the top set up for the opening, the right side of collecting box extends to outside the supporting box and fixedly connected with U-shaped handle, and the setting of U-shaped handle is convenient for operate.
As further preferable in the present technical solution: the top fixedly connected with rectangular plate of collecting box, rectangular plate is through two bolts and supporting box threaded connection, and the setting of bolt has played the dead effect of lock.
The utility model has the advantages that: coal dust and harmful gas enter the fixed box through the connecting pipe, the water pump is started to pump water from the water tank, the plurality of spray heads spray water, the sprayed water and the top of the arc-shaped plate form impact, so that the water dispersedly flows towards two sides along the arc-shaped plate, the absorption area and the absorption time are increased, the harmful gas and residual coal dust in the harmful gas can be further purified, the purified gas is discharged through the connecting box and the exhaust hood, the U-shaped handle is moved rightwards by rotating the bolt, the collecting box is driven by the U-shaped handle to be taken out of the supporting box, the coal dust and the harmful gas are conveniently absorbed, the coal dust is prevented from entering the fan to cause damage to the fan, the ventilation efficiency is improved, and the harmful gas is prevented from being discharged into the atmosphere to cause damage to human bodies.
Description of the drawings:
in order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing an internal sectional perspective structure of the fixing case of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure of region A in FIG. 1 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a ventilation and dust removal mechanism; 2. a fixed box; 3. a water tank; 4. a water inlet pipe; 5. a tube cover; 6. a water pump; 7. a rectangular tube; 8. a vertical tube; 9. a spray head; 10. a connecting box; 11. a fan; 12. an exhaust hood; 13. a rectangular box; 14. a connecting pipe; 15. a connecting plate; 16. a vertical rod; 17. an arc-shaped plate; 18. a support bar; 19. a collection and extraction mechanism; 20. a transverse plate; 21. a support box; 22. a collection box; 23. a U-shaped handle; 24. a rectangular plate; 25. a bolt; 26. a tapered tube.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a ventilation exhaust apparatus for coal mining, includes
The device comprises a ventilation and dust removal mechanism 1, wherein the ventilation and dust removal mechanism 1 comprises a fixed box 2, a water tank 3, a water inlet pipe 4, a water pump 6, a spray head 9 and a fan 11;
fixed box 2's top fixedly connected with water tank 3, the top intercommunication of water tank 3 is fixed with inlet tube 4, the outside threaded connection of inlet tube 4 has tube cap 5, fixed box 2's top fixedly connected with water pump 6, the water inlet of water pump 6 extends to in the water tank 3, the delivery port intercommunication of water pump 6 is fixed with rectangular pipe 7, the bottom intercommunication of rectangular pipe 7 is fixed with a plurality of standpipe 8, the bottom of standpipe 8 extends to fixed box 2 interior intercommunication and is fixed with shower nozzle 9, the setting of water tank 3 is convenient for store water.
In this embodiment, specifically: the fixed cover of fixed case 2 is established in the outside of a plurality of standpipe 8, and the top intercommunication of fixed case 2 is fixed with connecting box 10, and fixed cover is equipped with fan 11 in the connecting box 10, and the effect of intercommunication has been played in the setting of standpipe 8.
In this embodiment, specifically: the top of the connecting box 10 is communicated and fixed with an exhaust hood 12, the left side of the fixed box 2 is communicated and fixed with a rectangular box 13, and the exhaust hood 12 is arranged to exhaust wind conveniently.
In this embodiment, specifically: the bottom of the rectangular box 13 is communicated with and fixed with a connecting pipe 14, and a connecting plate 15 is fixedly connected between the front inner wall and the rear inner wall of the fixed box 2. The connecting tube 14 plays a connecting role.
In this embodiment, specifically: two montants 16 of the bottom inner wall fixedly connected with of fixed box 2, the top fixedly connected with arc 17 of two montants 16, four bracing pieces 18 of the bottom fixedly connected with of fixed box 2, the setting of bracing piece 18 has played the effect of support.
In this embodiment, specifically: a collecting and taking-out mechanism 19 is arranged below the ventilation and dust removal mechanism 1, and the collecting and taking-out mechanism 19 comprises a transverse plate 20, a supporting box 21, a collecting box 22, a U-shaped handle 23 and a bolt 25;
fixedly connected with diaphragm 20 between four bracing pieces 18, the top fixedly connected with supporting box 21 of diaphragm 20, communicate and be fixed with same conical tube 26 between the top of supporting box 21 and the bottom of fixed box 2, the effect of intercommunication has been played in setting up of conical tube 26.
In this embodiment, specifically: the inside sliding connection of support box 21 has the collecting box 22 that the top set up for the opening, and the right side of collecting box 22 extends to outside the support box 21 and fixedly connected with U-shaped handle 23, and the setting of U-shaped handle 23 is convenient for operate.
In this embodiment, specifically: the top fixedly connected with rectangular plate 24 of collecting box 22, rectangular plate 24 is through two bolt 25 and supporting box 21 threaded connection, and the dead effect of lock has been played in the setting of bolt 25.
In this embodiment: the model of the fan 11 is CX-125, the model of the water pump 6 is ISG125-200B, the right side of the rectangular box 13 is fixedly connected with a switch group for turning on and off the fan 11 and the water pump 6, and the switch group is connected with an external commercial power.
Working principle or structural principle, when in use, the fan 11 is started through the switch group, the fan 11 ventilates the coal mine through the connecting pipe 14, coal dust and harmful gas enter the rectangular box 13 through the connecting pipe 14 and are discharged into the fixed box 2 through the rectangular box 13, the coal dust and the harmful gas pass through the lower part of the connecting plate 15, the water pump 6 is started through the switch group, the water inlet of the water pump 6 pumps water from the water tank 3, the water outlet of the water pump 6 discharges water into the rectangular pipe 7, the rectangular pipe 7 discharges water into the vertical pipe 8, the vertical pipe 8 discharges water into the nozzles 9, the nozzles 9 spray water, the sprayed water collides with the top of the arc-shaped plate 17, so that the water dispersedly flows to two sides along the arc-shaped plate 17, the absorption area and the absorption time are increased, the dispersed water is fully contacted with the coal dust and the harmful gas at the moment, the harmful gas can be further purified and the residual coal dust in the adsorbed harmful gas, the gas after the purification is discharged through connecting box 10 and exhaust hood 12, and water passes through conical tube 26 under the effect of gravity and drops to support box 21 in to drop to in the collecting box 22, when the water in collecting box 22 was taken out to the needs, rotate bolt 25, thereby make bolt 25 and support box 21 phase separation, moved U-shaped handle 23 rightwards this moment, U-shaped handle 23 drove collecting box 22 and takes out from support box 21.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the utility model, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (8)

1. A ventilation exhaust device for coal mining is characterized by comprising
The device comprises a ventilation and dust removal mechanism (1), wherein the ventilation and dust removal mechanism (1) comprises a fixed box (2), a water tank (3), a water inlet pipe (4), a water pump (6), a spray head (9) and a fan (11);
the top fixedly connected with water tank (3) of fixed case (2), the top intercommunication of water tank (3) is fixed with inlet tube (4), the outside threaded connection of inlet tube (4) has tube cap (5), the top fixedly connected with water pump (6) of fixed case (2), the water inlet of water pump (6) extends to in water tank (3), the delivery port intercommunication of water pump (6) is fixed with rectangular pipe (7), the bottom intercommunication of rectangular pipe (7) is fixed with a plurality of standpipe (8), the bottom of standpipe (8) extends to intercommunication and is fixed with shower nozzle (9) in fixed case (2).
2. A ventilation and exhaust system for coal mining as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fixed cover of fixed case (2) is established in the outside of a plurality of standpipe (8), the top intercommunication of fixed case (2) is fixed with connecting box (10), fixed cover is equipped with fan (11) in connecting box (10).
3. A ventilation and exhaust system for coal mining as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the top of the connecting box (10) is communicated with and fixed with an exhaust hood (12), and the left side of the fixed box (2) is communicated with and fixed with a rectangular box (13).
4. A ventilation and exhaust system for coal mining as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the bottom of the rectangular box (13) is communicated and fixed with a connecting pipe (14), and a connecting plate (15) is fixedly connected between the inner wall of the front side and the inner wall of the rear side of the fixed box (2).
5. A ventilation and exhaust system for coal mining as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom inner wall fixedly connected with two montants (16) of fixed case (2), two the top fixedly connected with arc (17) of montant (16), four bracing pieces (18) of bottom fixedly connected with of fixed case (2).
6. A ventilation exhaust apparatus for coal mining as claimed in claim 5, wherein: a collecting and taking-out mechanism (19) is arranged below the ventilating and dedusting mechanism (1), and the collecting and taking-out mechanism (19) comprises a transverse plate (20), a supporting box (21), a collecting box (22), a U-shaped handle (23) and a bolt (25);
four fixedly connected with diaphragm (20) between bracing piece (18), the top fixedly connected with supporting box (21) of diaphragm (20), communicate and be fixed with same conical tube (26) between the top of supporting box (21) and the bottom of fixed case (2).
7. A ventilation exhaust apparatus for coal mining as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the inside sliding connection of supporting box (21) has top collecting box (22) for the opening setting, the right side of collecting box (22) extends to supporting box (21) outside and fixedly connected with U-shaped handle (23).
8. A ventilation and exhaust system for coal mining as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the top of the collection box (22) is fixedly connected with a rectangular plate (24), and the rectangular plate (24) is in threaded connection with the support box (21) through two bolts (25).
CN202122590247.1U 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining Active CN215860273U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122590247.1U CN215860273U (en) 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122590247.1U CN215860273U (en) 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215860273U true CN215860273U (en) 2022-02-18

Family

ID=80263128

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122590247.1U Active CN215860273U (en) 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Ventilation and exhaust device for coal mining

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215860273U (en)

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