CN215480669U - Plant draws slag discharging equipment in succession - Google Patents

Plant draws slag discharging equipment in succession Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215480669U
CN215480669U CN202121838574.8U CN202121838574U CN215480669U CN 215480669 U CN215480669 U CN 215480669U CN 202121838574 U CN202121838574 U CN 202121838574U CN 215480669 U CN215480669 U CN 215480669U
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soaking
plant
inlet
outlet
residue
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CN202121838574.8U
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郑然�
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Zheng Ran
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Zheng Ran
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a plant continuous extraction slag discharging device, which comprises: a pre-soaker; a juice extractor; the countercurrent soaking washing machine is internally provided with a screw conveyor, a raw material inlet of the screw conveyor is connected with a residue outlet of the juice squeezing machine, a residue outlet end of the screw conveyor is connected with an extracting solution inlet, and a raw material inlet end of the screw conveyor is provided with a washing solution outlet; and the inlet of the filter is connected with a residue slurry outlet at the tail end of the countercurrent soaking washing machine, and the liquid outlet of the filter is connected to the liquid inlet of the pre-soaking device through a pipeline. Has high extraction rate and low energy consumption for drying dregs.

Description

Plant draws slag discharging equipment in succession
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of plant extraction, and particularly relates to continuous extraction slag discharging equipment.
Background
The extraction of effective chemical components from plants is a common process in the fields of pharmacy, food, chemical industry and the like. For example, stevioside is extracted from stevia leaves, and the production process of the stevioside comprises the steps of soaking stevia leaves in water or an extracting solution to extract stevioside from the leaves, then carrying out solid-liquid separation to separate out stevia leaf residues and sugar liquid, and separating, purifying and drying the sugar liquid to obtain a stevioside product. The equipment comprises a pre-soaking tank with stirring, a filter or a centrifugal machine and a waste residue dryer.
The problems of the existing equipment are mainly as follows: (1) the leaching rate of the pre-leaching tank is low, repeated soaking is needed, the soaking time is long, a certain amount of stevioside components are still contained in the separated leaf residues, the extraction rate is low, and the stevioside yield is still to be improved; (2) the water content of the separated leaf residues is high, about 70%, and the energy required by subsequent drying is high for storage and transportation.
Not only the above problems with steviol glycoside extraction, but in other similar plant extractions, both problems are equally present.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Aiming at the defects of low extraction rate and high slag drying energy consumption of the existing plant extraction device, the utility model provides a plant continuous extraction slag discharging device.
The utility model also provides plant continuous extraction slag discharging equipment, which comprises:
the presoaking device is used for presoaking the plant raw materials;
the inlet of the juice squeezing machine is connected with the outlet of the pre-soaking device and is used for squeezing the pre-soaked material raw materials to remove juice;
the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is internally provided with a screw conveyor, a raw material inlet of the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is connected with a residue outlet of the juice squeezing machine, a residue outlet end of the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is connected with an extracting solution inlet, and a raw material inlet end of the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is provided with a washing solution outlet and is used for carrying out countercurrent soaking and washing on residue extruded by the juice squeezing machine by using extracting solution;
the inlet of the filter is connected with a residue slurry outlet at the tail end of the countercurrent soaking washing machine and is used for filtering washed residue to realize the separation of residue and liquid; the liquid outlet of the filter is connected to the liquid inlet of the pre-soaking device through a pipeline.
Further, the filter is a diaphragm plate and frame filter press, and a liquid storage tank and a material beating pump are connected between the feed inlet of the diaphragm plate and frame filter press and the outlet of the countercurrent soaking and washing machine.
The device further comprises a dryer used for drying the slag filtered by the filter.
Further, the pre-infuser is a double helix pre-infuser.
Further, the device also comprises a crusher and a vacuum feeding machine, and is used for crushing the plant raw materials and feeding the plant raw materials to the pre-soaking device.
The plant continuous extraction slag discharging equipment has the following beneficial effects:
(1) the plants are pre-soaked in the pre-soaking device and then are squeezed by the juice squeezing machine, compared with the direct filtering and separation, the juice in the plant tissues can be mostly squeezed out, the soaking time can be shortened, the residues of components to be extracted in the plant tissues can be reduced, and the plant tissues are damaged, such as fibrosis, in the juice squeezing process by the screw extruder; is beneficial to fully leaching and washing out the components to be extracted in the tissues washed by the subsequent countercurrent washing.
(2) The plant residue after being squeezed is subjected to countercurrent soaking treatment by an extracting solution countercurrent soaking washing machine, so that the residual components to be extracted in the plant residue tissues are further leached and washed out, particularly, the concentration difference between the extracting solution and the components to be extracted in the plant residue is large by adopting a countercurrent mode, the residual components in the plant residue after being subjected to countercurrent soaking washing are very low, and the yield of the components to be extracted is further improved.
(3) After extrusion filtration by a diaphragm plate-and-frame filter press, the water content in the plant residues is reduced to 35-40% from 70% (wt%) of the common filtration, so that not only is the energy consumption required by subsequent drying reduced, but also the loss of effective components is further reduced and the extraction rate is improved because the residue liquid is recycled as a pre-soaking liquid.
(4) The method is used for extracting stevioside from stevia rebaudiana leaves, the yield of the stevioside is improved by 15 percent through the equipment treatment of the method, the energy consumption required by drying the leaf residues is reduced by 2/3, the leaf residues can be used as fertilizer and feed, and the added value of the product is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a production process using the plant continuous extraction tapping apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the plant continuous extraction tapping device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a pulverizer; 2. a vacuum feeding machine; 3. a double helix pre-soaker; 4. a juice extractor; 5. juice; 6. washing liquid; 7. a single-screw countercurrent soaking washer; 8. clear water; 9. a liquid storage tank; 10. a diaphragm plate and frame filter press; 11. a dryer; 12. a slag liquid circulating pipe; 13. water; 14. the air is compressed.
Detailed Description
The following technical solutions are further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments to help understanding the contents of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a process corresponding to a plant continuous extraction slag tapping device, and the following description will be given by taking stevia as an example to extract stevioside from stevia rebaudiana, and taking water as an extracting solution, the process is as follows:
(1) crushing: air drying stevia rebaudiana leaves, removing impurities such as sandy soil and the like, and then crushing;
(2) pre-soaking: pre-soaking in clear water in a pre-soaking tank or a double-helix pre-soaking device, wherein the weight ratio of stevia rebaudiana leaves to water is 1: (3-5), the soaking time is 20 minutes;
(3) juicing: adding the pre-soaked stevia rebaudiana leaves and the soaking solution into an extruder together, extruding and dehydrating, and extruding juice-sugar solution from the stevia rebaudiana leaves;
(4) and (3) countercurrent washing: adopting a single-spiral countercurrent soaking washer modified by a horizontal single-spiral soaking machine, feeding the stevia rebaudiana leaf residues with squeezed juice into the single-spiral countercurrent soaking washer, carrying out countercurrent contact in the machine by using an extracting solution, namely clear water, and soaking and washing the fibrous stevia rebaudiana leaf residues by using the clear water to obtain a washing solution and stevia rebaudiana leaf residue pulp; the washing liquid and the extruded leaves are used as syrup rich in stevioside, and separation, purification and drying treatment are carried out after mixing; the dosage of the clear water is 20 times of the weight of the dry stevia rebaudiana leaves, and the soaking time is 2.5 hours;
(5) separating juice and residue: separating slag and slag liquid of stevia rebaudiana leaf slag slurry subjected to counter-current soaking and washing by using a diaphragm type plate-and-frame filter press, and recycling the slag liquid subjected to slag-slurry separation to the pre-soaking step as an extracting solution for pre-soaking; the wastewater discharge is reduced, and the stevioside contained in the wastewater is utilized; the water content in the waste residue is reduced to 35-40%;
(6) and (3) drying: and drying the waste residue by a flash evaporation type dryer to reach the water content of 12-15%, and packaging.
Through the process treatment, the total stevioside yield reaches 88 percent, the total stevioside yield is improved by 10 percent compared with the total stevioside yield which is not subjected to juice squeezing and countercurrent soaking and washing treatment, and the energy consumption required by drying is reduced by 40 percent; the production efficiency is improved by 30 percent.
Figure 2 shows a continuous tapping production facility for steviol glycoside production, comprising, in a raw material treatment sequence:
a grinder 1 for grinding the stevia leaves.
And the inlet of the vacuum feeding machine 2 is connected with the outlet of the pulverizer 1, and the outlet of the vacuum feeding machine is connected with the raw material inlet of the pre-soaking device, and is used for feeding the pulverized stevia rebaudiana leaf raw materials to the double-helix pre-soaking device 3.
A double-helix pre-soaking device 3 for pre-soaking the stevia leaf raw material; adopting a horizontal type, wherein a body is internally provided with a positive and negative helix, fully stirring and mixing stevia rebaudiana leaves and water used as an extracting solution, leaching stevioside in the stevia rebaudiana leaves and dissolving the stevioside into the water.
A juice squeezing machine 4 which adopts a screw extruder, wherein the inlet of the juice squeezing machine is connected with the outlet of the double-screw presoaking device 3 and is used for squeezing the presoaked stevia leaves to remove juice in the stevia leaves; meanwhile, the leaf tissue of the stevia rebaudiana can be kneaded into filamentous fibers by the extrusion and kneading of the screw; the stevia leaf residue containing a certain amount of moisture is also primarily separated from the juice 5 (referred to as "sugar solution").
The countercurrent soaking washing machine 5 is formed by transforming a traditional horizontal single-screw pre-soaking device, a screw conveyor is arranged in the countercurrent soaking washing machine, a raw material inlet of the countercurrent soaking washing machine is connected with a slag material outlet of a juice squeezing machine 4, a slag material outlet end of the countercurrent soaking washing machine is connected with an inlet of clear water 8 serving as extracting solution, an outlet of washing solution 6 is arranged at the bottom of a raw material inlet end of the countercurrent soaking washing machine, stevia rebaudiana leaf residues are conveyed from a machine head to a machine tail under the action of screw conveying, the clear water flows from the machine tail to the machine head through gaps among the stevia rebaudiana residues under the action of water pressure to realize countercurrent contact, and stevia rebaudiana leaf residues inside and on the surface of tissues are dissolved and leached through soaking and washing. The content of stevioside in the stevia leaf residues is gradually reduced from the machine head to the machine tail and then is discharged from the machine head, while the content of stevioside in water is gradually increased from the machine tail to the machine head, and a washing liquid 6 enriched with stevioside is discharged from a washing liquid outlet below the machine head. The concentration difference serving as the leaching driving force of stevioside is larger at the tail by adopting a counter-current mode, so that the extraction rate is improved.
And the inlet of the liquid storage tank 9 is connected with the discharge hole at the tail of the countercurrent soaking washing machine 5, and is used for storing stevia rebaudiana leaf residues which are washed by clear water and rich in moisture, and conveying the stevia rebaudiana leaf residues to the diaphragm type plate and frame filter press 10 through a material pump. The inlet pipe at the top of the liquid storage tank 9 is provided with a valve and is connected with a compressed air source 14. As the slag slurry can block the pipeline in the conveying process, the valve at the inlet of the liquid storage tank 9 is closed and separated from the passage of the countercurrent soaking washing machine 5, the pressure in the liquid storage tank is increased by opening the compressed air 14, and the blockage in the pipeline can be jacked up by utilizing the pulse pressure.
The inlet of the diaphragm type plate and frame filter press 10 is connected with the outlet of the material pump so as to pump the slag slurry at the tail end of the countercurrent soaking washing machine into the diaphragm type plate and frame filter press 10, and the diaphragm type plate and frame filter press 10 filters the washed slag through filter pressing to realize the separation of slag and liquid; the liquid outlet of the filter is connected to the liquid inlet of the extracting solution of the double-helix presoaking device 3 through a residue liquid circulating pipe 12, so that the filtered residue liquid containing a trace amount of stevioside can be recycled. The dryer 11 adopts a flash evaporation type dryer, and waste residues are dried by flash evaporation.
While the utility model has been described in further detail with reference to specific preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. Plant continuous extraction tapping plant, characterized in that it comprises:
the presoaking device is used for presoaking the plant raw materials;
the inlet of the juice squeezing machine is connected with the outlet of the pre-soaking device and is used for squeezing the pre-soaked material raw materials to remove juice;
the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is internally provided with a screw conveyor, a raw material inlet of the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is connected with a residue outlet of the juice squeezing machine, a residue outlet end of the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is connected with an extracting solution inlet, and a raw material inlet end of the countercurrent soaking and washing machine is provided with a washing solution outlet and is used for carrying out countercurrent soaking and washing on residue extruded by the juice squeezing machine by using extracting solution;
the inlet of the filter is connected with a residue slurry outlet at the tail end of the countercurrent soaking washing machine and is used for filtering washed residue to realize the separation of residue and liquid; the liquid outlet of the filter is connected to the liquid inlet of the pre-soaking device through a pipeline.
2. The plant continuous extraction slag discharging device according to claim 1, wherein the filter is a diaphragm plate and frame filter press, and a liquid storage tank and a material beating pump are connected between the inlet of the diaphragm plate and frame filter press and the outlet of the countercurrent soaking washing machine.
3. The plant continuous extraction slag discharging device according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a dryer for drying the slag filtered by the filter.
4. Plant continuous extraction tapping plant as claimed in claim 1 or 2 wherein said pre-infuser is a double helix pre-infuser.
5. Plant continuous extraction tapping plant as claimed in claim 1 or 2 further comprising a crusher and vacuum feeder for crushing and feeding plant material to the pre-infuser.
6. Plant continuous extraction tapping plant as claimed in claim 3 wherein said dryer is a flash dryer.
CN202121838574.8U 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 Plant draws slag discharging equipment in succession Active CN215480669U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121838574.8U CN215480669U (en) 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 Plant draws slag discharging equipment in succession

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121838574.8U CN215480669U (en) 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 Plant draws slag discharging equipment in succession

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215480669U true CN215480669U (en) 2022-01-11

Family

ID=79756913

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121838574.8U Active CN215480669U (en) 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 Plant draws slag discharging equipment in succession

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215480669U (en)

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