CN215404666U - Production device suitable for cotton linters - Google Patents

Production device suitable for cotton linters Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215404666U
CN215404666U CN202121758635.XU CN202121758635U CN215404666U CN 215404666 U CN215404666 U CN 215404666U CN 202121758635 U CN202121758635 U CN 202121758635U CN 215404666 U CN215404666 U CN 215404666U
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shell
cotton
roller
seed
cleaning device
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崔胜成
段茂君
韩远广
刘建新
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Kuitun Taikun Oil Co ltd
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Kuitun Taikun Oil Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a production device suitable for cotton linters in the technical field of cotton linters processing, which is characterized in that a high-quality cotton linter without three filaments and low impurities is obtained by optimizing process parameters and modifying the device through arranging a three-filament removing device, a cylindrical screen, a wind-driven seed cleaning device, a linter stripping device, a linter collecting device, a shell and linter separating device and a cleaning device, sulfuric acid insoluble substances are within 8 percent, ash content is within 2 percent, maturity is more than 60 percent, and the high-quality cotton linter does not contain three filaments, can save production cost for downstream enterprises, and provides raw materials for producing high-end products.

Description

Production device suitable for cotton linters
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of cotton linter processing, in particular to a production device suitable for cotton linters.
Background
The cotton linters are cotton seeds (wool seeds) which are embossed with short fibers left thereon, and the short fibers are stripped off by a delinter. The cotton linters are composed of three parts, the first part is from the longer fibers of the "wool heads", the second part is from the fibers on the wool seeds that are broken by the cotton tying machine, and the third part is a layer of short and dense fibers naturally grown and developed on the cotton seed skin, which is the main component of the cotton linters. The cotton yield of China accounts for about 24% of the total cotton yield in the world, the world is the first, the corresponding cotton linter is large in amount, the cellulose content of the cotton linter is over 90%, and the cotton linter also contains a small amount of pectin (about 1%), wax (about 2%), lignin (2-3%), ash (1%) and the like, and is a high-quality fiber raw material for artificial fibers and the paper industry. The cotton linter fiber is shorter than the lint fiber, but has the same maturity, so the cellulose content is high, and the cotton linter fiber is an important raw material for light and chemical industries such as national defense, textile, chemical fiber, papermaking and the like, and is an important strategic material for the light industry, military industry, chemical industry and medical industry.
The cottonseed is separated by a husking machine, the cottonseed is used for extracting oil, and the remaining shell is the cottonseed shell, also called the cotton skin. Due to different types of husking machines, different varieties of cotton seeds, different production places, different water contents, different sieving degrees of broken cotton seed powder after husking and the like. The processed cottonseed hulls have different sizes, colors, cotton linters and cotton seed powder. At present, after the cottonseed hulls are treated, the content of 15-40% of cotton linters is not recovered, and the cotton linters are mainly used for planting edible fungus raw materials and serving as animal feed raw materials, so that resource waste is caused, so that the method for effectively extracting the cotton linters from the cottonseed hulls has good economic, social and environmental benefits, and the method for realizing high-value and high-efficiency comprehensive utilization of the cottonseed hulls is a problem which needs to be solved urgently.
At present, the quality of the products is poor and the impurity content is high in the domestic production of the cotton linters, the ash content of the cotton linters is more than 2.0 percent, the content of insoluble substances in sulfuric acid is more than 8 percent, the maturity is less than 55 percent, and meanwhile, the quality is not uniform, so that the requirements of producing high-end products can not be met, and the application of the cotton linters is greatly limited. Chinese patent (CN103103841A) obtains the high-quality cotton linter of ash content 0.6%, sulphuric acid insoluble substance 3.5% and maturity 67% through technological parameter optimization, but based on current equipment, there is the limit in technological parameter optimization, in order to further reduce downstream enterprise manufacturing cost, reform transform on the basis of current equipment and can't satisfy the requirement of production high-end product to high-quality raw and other materials, and can't improve the quality of cotton linter.
Therefore, the utility model of a production device suitable for cotton linters has become a technical problem to be solved by those skilled in the art.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problems that the existing equipment has limit on the optimization of process parameters, and in order to further reduce the production cost of downstream enterprises, the improvement on the existing equipment can not meet the requirements of high-quality raw materials for producing high-end products, and the quality of cotton linters can not be improved, the utility model aims to provide a production device suitable for the cotton linters, the sulfuric acid insoluble substance of the cotton linters obtained by the improvement of the device and the optimization of the process parameters is within 8 percent, the ash content is within 2 percent, the maturity is more than 60 percent, the high-quality cotton linters do not contain three filaments, the high-quality cotton linters can save the production cost for the downstream enterprises, and provide raw materials for producing the high-end products, the industrial production can drive the planting of local cotton farmers, the existing equipment in the prior art is solved, the limit on the optimization of the process parameters exists, and the production cost of the downstream enterprises is further reduced, the improvement on the basis of the existing equipment can not meet the requirements of high-quality raw materials for producing high-end products and can not improve the quality of the cotton linters.
The utility model is realized by the following technical scheme: therefore, there is an urgent need to improve the existing equipment for producing cotton linters, further optimize the production process parameters, improve the quality of the cotton linters, save the production cost for downstream enterprises, and provide high-quality raw materials for producing high-end products.
The utility model provides a production device suitable for cotton linters, which comprises a three-wire removing device, a cylindrical screen, a wind-power seed cleaning device, a linter peeling device, a linter collecting device, a shell and linter separating device and a cleaning device, wherein the three-wire removing device is connected with the cylindrical screen, the cylindrical screen is connected with the wind-power seed cleaning device, the wind-power seed cleaning device is connected with a screw conveyor, the screw conveyor is connected with the linter peeling device, the linter peeling device is connected with the linter collecting device, the linter collecting device is connected with the shell and linter separating device, the shell and linter separating device is connected with the cleaning device, the three-wire removing device, the wind-power seed cleaning device, the linter peeling device, the linter collecting device, the shell and linter separating device and the cleaning device are all electrically connected with a master controller, and the master controller is electrically connected with a master power supply;
the three-wire removing device is provided with a feeding port, an upper rotating rod and a lower rotating rod are mounted below the feeding port, the three-wire removing device is connected with an inclined communicating pipe, the inclined communicating pipe is detachably connected with one end of a cylindrical screen, the other end of the cylindrical screen is provided with a first motor, a rotor of the first motor is fixedly connected with the cylindrical screen, the cylindrical screen is connected with a wind power seed cleaning device, the wind power seed cleaning device is provided with a feeding port and a discharging port, the cylindrical screen is fixedly connected with the feeding port of the wind power seed cleaning device, the discharging port of the wind power seed cleaning device is connected with a spiral conveyor, the spiral conveyor is internally provided with a spiral auger, the spiral conveyor is externally provided with a shell, one end of the spiral auger is provided with a second motor, the other end of the spiral conveyor is connected with a cotton linter stripping device, and the cotton linter stripping device is provided with a feeding port, a seed poking roller, a saw blade roller, a roller brush, a smooth seed auger, The device comprises an infertile seed auger and a discharge port, wherein the other end of a screw conveyor is connected with a feed port of a linter stripping device, a seed poking roller is arranged in the linter stripping device, a saw blade roller is arranged below the seed poking roller, a brush roller is arranged above the right of the saw blade roller, a smooth seed auger is arranged below the saw blade roller, the infertile seed auger is arranged below the brush roller, the discharge port of the linter stripping device is connected with a wind power communicating pipe, the wind power communicating pipe is connected with a linter collecting device, the linter collecting device is provided with a feed port, a linter collecting chamber, a linter collecting dust cage, a plucking roller, a linter poking roller and a discharge port, the wind power communicating pipe is connected with the feed port of the linter collecting device, the linter collecting dust cage is rotatably arranged on the linter collecting chamber and is driven to rotate, and the linter dust cage is of a net type roller structure; the cotton poking roller is rotatably arranged on the down collecting chamber; the cotton pulling roller is parallel to the lint collecting dust cage, and the cotton pulling roller is rotatably arranged on the lint collecting chamber; the cotton pulling roller is parallel to the cotton pulling roller; the discharging port of the flocking device is connected with a wind power communicating pipe, the wind power communicating pipe is connected with the feeding port of the shell and flocking separating device, the shell and flocking separating device is provided with a bar rotor, a tooth plate, a screen, a feeding port and a discharging port, the wind power communicating pipe is connected with the shell and flocking separating device, the tooth plate is arranged on the inner wall of the shell and flocking separating device, the screen is fixedly arranged below the inner wall of the shell and flocking separating device, a material chamber is arranged below the screen, the material chamber is connected with the communicating pipe and an axial flocking pipe, the bar rotor is arranged in the shell and flocking separating device, a plurality of rotors are arranged on a bar rotor shaft, a plurality of hammer sheets are arranged at the outer edge of the rotor, an axial wind hole is arranged at the position of the bar rotor close to a rotor shaft, a guide blade is arranged at one side of the axial wind hole, an axial flocking hole is arranged at the position of the shell corresponding to the axial wind hole of the rotor, and the axial flocking hole is communicated with the axial flocking pipe outside the shell, the shell and velvet separating device is characterized in that a discharge port of the shell and velvet separating device is connected with a cleaning device, the cleaning device is provided with a feed inlet, velvet cleaning rollers, an impurity removing pore plate, a finished product outlet and impurity outlets, the discharge port of the shell and velvet separating device is connected with the feed inlet of the cleaning device, a plurality of groups of velvet cleaning rollers are arranged in the cleaning device, the feed inlet and the finished product outlet of the cleaning device are matched with the groups of velvet cleaning rollers in the cleaning device, the velvet cleaning rollers are correspondingly arranged in circular cavities respectively, the periphery of the circular cavities are defined by the impurity removing pore plate, and the top surface and the bottom surface are formed by the impurity removing pore plate in a sealing connection mode.
In the utility model, the upper rotating bar and the lower rotating bar are both provided with bar iron teeth, and the lengths of the rotating bar iron teeth are different from 10 cm to 15 cm.
In the utility model, auger iron teeth are welded on the spiral auger shaft. Auger iron teeth are welded on the spiral auger shaft, and the length of the auger iron teeth is 3-5 cm.
In the utility model, the screen mesh of the cylindrical screen is a cylindrical screen mesh, and the mesh number of the cylindrical screen mesh is larger than the size of the cotton seeds.
In the utility model, the clearance between the seed poking roller and the saw blade roller of the linter stripping device is 1.5-1.8mm, and the rotation speed ratio is 1: 100-120.
In the utility model, the aperture of the pile-collecting dust cage cylinder is 70-80 meshes.
Compared with the prior art, the production device suitable for the cotton linters provided by the utility model can obtain the following beneficial effects:
(1) the three-wire removing device is improved, and is provided with iron teeth with different lengths of 10-15cm, so that longer plastic wires and long foreign fibers can be effectively removed; the clearance between the saw blade of the delinter and the Writer roll is reduced to 1.5-1.8mm, the cylindrical sieve is additionally arranged, the fluff of the cotton seeds can be stripped to the maximum extent, the optical seed residual fluff is within 4%, the yield of the cotton linters is improved, the breakage rate of the cotton seeds is reduced, the content of sulfuric acid insoluble substances and ash content is further reduced, the quality of the cotton linters is ensured, and the production cost is saved by providing raw materials for high-end products of downstream enterprises.
(2) Through setting up three silk devices and being used for getting rid of three silk, get rid of plastics silk, debris and foreign matter fibre one or more promptly, set up the drum sieve and be used for getting rid of big impurity: plastic bottle, little stone etc. set up wind-force seed cleaning device and be used for removing dust and remove little miscellaneous, obtain the primary election cotton seed, set up screw conveyer transportation wool cotton seed, be used for getting rid of three silks of part fritter, set up the collection fine hair device and remove dust, obtain the cotton linter that removes dust, set up shell fine hair separator and be used for carrying out the fluted roller separation of impurity, three silks and fine hair, obtain removing miscellaneous cotton linter, set up cleaning device and be used for further separating again cotton linter impurity, obtain high-quality cotton linter.
(3) The sulfuric acid insoluble substance of the cotton linters obtained by modifying the device and optimizing the process parameters is within 8 percent, the ash content is within 2 percent, the maturity is more than 60 percent, the high-quality cotton linters do not contain three filaments, the high-quality cotton linters can save the production cost for downstream enterprises, and raw materials are provided for producing high-end products.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an overall process apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall process equipment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a rotating bar according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the spiral auger structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the dust cage according to the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1-a feed inlet, 2-a three-thread removing device, 3-a cylindrical sieve, 301-a first motor, 4-a wind-force seed cleaning device, 5-a delinting device, 501-a seed poking roller, 502-a saw blade roller, 503-a brush roller, 504-a light seed packing auger, 505-an sterile seed packing auger, 6-a delinting device, 601-a delinting chamber, 602-a delinting dust cage, 603-a cotton poking roller, 604-a cotton poking roller, 7-a shell and velvet separating device, 701-a bar rotor, 702-a dental plate, 703-a material chamber, 704-an axial down suction pipe, 705-a screen mesh, 706-a hammer plate, 707-a guide blade, 708-an axial wind hole, 709-an axial down suction hole, 710-a communicating pipe, 8-a cleaning device, 801-a cleaning roller, 802-an impurity removing hole plate, 803-finished product outlet, 804-impurity outlet, 9-screw conveyor, 901-screw auger, 902-auger iron teeth, 903-second motor, 904-shell, 10-wind power communicating pipe, 11-upper rotating bar, 1101-bar iron teeth, 12-lower rotating bar and 13-inclined communicating pipe.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to fig. 1-5, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, not all embodiments of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In the present invention, for convenience of description, a description of relative positional relationship of respective components in a production apparatus for cotton linters is described based on a layout pattern of fig. 1, such as: the positional relationship of up, down, left, right, etc. is determined according to the layout direction of fig. 1.
With reference to fig. 1 to 5, an embodiment of the present invention provides a production apparatus suitable for cotton linters, including a three-filament removing device 2, a cylindrical screen 3, a wind-powered seed cleaning device 4, a linter peeling device 5, a linter collecting device 6, a shell-linter separating device 7 and a cleaning device 8, where the three-filament removing device 2 is connected to the cylindrical screen 3, the cylindrical screen 3 is connected to the wind-powered seed cleaning device 4, the wind-powered seed cleaning device 4 is connected to a screw conveyor 9, the screw conveyor 9 is connected to the linter peeling device 5, the linter peeling device 5 is connected to the linter collecting device 6, the linter collecting device 6 is connected to the shell-linter separating device 7, the shell-linter separating device 7 is connected to the cleaning device 8, the three-filament removing device 2, the wind-powered seed cleaning device 4, the linter peeling device 5, the linter collecting device 6, the shell-linter separating device 7 and the cleaning device 8 are all electrically connected to a controller, and the general controller is electrically connected to a general power supply;
the device is characterized in that a feeding port 1 is arranged on the three-wire removing device 2, an upper rotating bar 11 and a lower rotating bar 12 are arranged below the feeding port 1, the three-wire removing device 2 is arranged for removing three wires, namely one or more of plastic wires, sundries and foreign fiber, the three-wire removing device 2 is connected with an inclined communicating pipe 13, the inclined communicating pipe 13 is detachably connected with one end of a cylindrical screen 3, the other end of the cylindrical screen 3 is provided with a first motor 301, a rotor of the first motor 301 is fixedly connected with the cylindrical screen 3, a wind power seed cleaning device 4 is connected below the cylindrical screen 3, the wind power seed cleaning device 4 is provided with a feeding port and a discharging port, the lower part of the cylindrical screen 3 is fixedly connected with the feeding port of the wind power seed cleaning device 4, the wind power seed cleaning device 4 is arranged for removing dust and small impurities to obtain primarily selected wool seeds, the discharging port of the wind power seed cleaning device 4 is connected with a spiral conveyer 9, and a spiral auger 901 is arranged in the spiral conveyer 9, the effect of preliminary clearance three silks can be reached, spiral conveyer 9 is equipped with casing 904 outward, spiral auger 901 one end is equipped with second motor 903, the spiral conveyer 9 other end is connected with shell fine hair device 5, shell fine hair device 5 is equipped with feed inlet, seed poking roller 501, saw bit cylinder 502, brush cylinder 503, smooth seed auger 504, sterile seed auger 505 and discharge gate, the spiral conveyer 9 other end is connected with the feed inlet of shell fine hair device 5, be equipped with seed poking roller 501 in shell fine hair device 5, seed poking roller 501 is equipped with saw bit cylinder 502, saw bit cylinder 502 is equipped with brush cylinder 503 in the upper right side, saw bit cylinder 502 is equipped with smooth seed auger 504, brush cylinder 503 is equipped with sterile seed auger 505, shell fine hair device 5's discharge gate and wind-force communicating pipe 10 are connected, wind-force communicating pipe 10 is connected with album fine hair device 6, album fine hair device 6 is equipped with feed inlet, The device comprises a fluff collecting chamber 601, a fluff collecting dust cage 602, a cotton pulling roller 603, a cotton pulling roller 604 and a discharge hole, wherein the wind power communicating pipe 10 is connected with a feed inlet of a fluff collecting device 6, the fluff collecting device 6 is used for removing the fluff of three threads to obtain the dedusted cotton linters, the fluff collecting dust cage 602 is rotationally arranged on the fluff collecting chamber 601 and is driven to rotate, and the fluff collecting dust cage 602 is of a net type roller structure; the cotton poking roller 603 is rotationally arranged on the down collecting chamber 601; the cotton pulling roller 603 is parallel to the flock collecting dust cage 602, and the cotton pulling roller 604 is rotatably arranged on the flock collecting chamber 601; the cotton pulling roller 604 and the cotton pulling roller 603 are parallel to each other; the discharging port of the pile collecting device 6 is connected with a wind power communicating pipe 10, the wind power communicating pipe 10 is connected with the feeding port of a shell pile separating device 7, the shell pile separating device 7 is provided with a bar rotor 701, a tooth plate 702, a screen 705, a feeding port and a discharging port, the wind power communicating pipe 10 is connected with the shell pile separating device 7, the tooth plate 702 is arranged on the inner wall of a shell of the shell pile separating device 7, the screen 705 is fixedly arranged below the inner wall of the shell pile separating device 7, a material chamber 703 is arranged below the screen, the material chamber 703 is connected with the communicating pipe 710 and an axial pile suction pipe 704, the bar rotor 701 is arranged in the shell pile separating device 7, a plurality of rotors are arranged on a bar rotor 701 shaft, a plurality of hammer sheets 706 are arranged at the outer edge of the rotor, an axial wind hole 708 is arranged at the position of the bar rotor 701 close to the rotor shaft, a guide vane 707 is arranged at one side of the axial wind hole 708, an axial pile suction hole 709 is arranged on the shell corresponding to the axial wind hole 708 of the rotor, the axial lint suction hole 709 is communicated with an axial lint suction pipe 704 outside the shell 904, and the shell and lint separating device 7 is used for separating impurities, three threads and lint by using a gear roller to obtain impurity-removed cotton linters; the shell and velvet separating device 7 is characterized in that a discharge port of the shell and velvet separating device 7 is connected with a cleaning device 8, the cleaning device 8 is provided with a feed port, velvet cleaning rollers 801, impurity removing pore plates 802, a finished product outlet 803 and impurity discharging ports 804, the discharge port of the shell and velvet separating device 7 is connected with the feed port of the cleaning device 8, a plurality of groups of velvet cleaning rollers 801 are arranged in the cleaning device 8, the feed port and the finished product outlet 803 of the cleaning device 8 are arranged in a manner of being matched with the groups of velvet cleaning rollers 801 in the cleaning device 8, the velvet cleaning rollers 801 are respectively and correspondingly arranged in a circular cavity, the periphery of the circular cavity is defined by the impurity removing pore plates 802, the top surface and the bottom surface of the impurity removing pore plates 802 are formed by sealing connection with the impurity removing pore plates 802 on the periphery, and impurities are only filtered and discharged from the periphery.
In the utility model, the upper rotating bar 11 and the lower rotating bar 12 are both provided with bar iron teeth 1101, and the lengths of the rotating bar iron teeth are different from 10 cm to 15cm, so that the rotating bar iron teeth are used for removing longer plastic wires, long anisotropic fibers and the like.
In the utility model, auger iron teeth 902 are welded on a shaft of the spiral auger 901, and the length of the auger iron teeth is different from 3-5 cm.
In the present invention, the screen 705 of the cylindrical screen 3 is a cylindrical screen 705, the mesh number of the cylindrical screen 705 is larger than the size of the cotton seeds, and the cylindrical screen 3 is arranged for removing the large impurities: plastic bottles, small stones, etc.
In the utility model, the clearance between the seed poking roller 501 and the saw blade roller 502 of the linter stripping device 5 is 1.5-1.8mm, and the rotation speed ratio is 1: 100-120; can peel off the fluff of the cotton seeds to the maximum extent, and the broken fluff of the bare seeds is within 4 percent.
In the utility model, the aperture of the cylinder of the dust collecting cage 602 is 70-80 meshes, and the rotating speed of the cylinder of the dust collecting cage 602 is 70-90 r/min.
In the utility model, the rotating speed of the bar rotor 701 in the shell-down separation device 7 is 160-180 r/min.
In the utility model, the rotating speed of the fluff cleaning roller 801 in the cleaning device 8 is 110-130 r/min.
When the utility model is used, the main power supply is firstly turned on, the main controller is started at the moment, when the cotton seeds are fed from the feeding port 1, part of long fibers are firstly wound on the upper rotating bar 11, the cotton seeds and short fibers continuously enter the lower rotating bar 12 downwards, part of long fibers and short fibers are wound on the lower rotating bar 12 to remove one or more of plastic filaments, impurities and foreign fibers, then the rest of the cotton seeds and short fibers are thrown to the cylindrical screen 3, because the screen cloth of the cylindrical screen 3 is a cylindrical screen cloth, the mesh number of the cylindrical screen cloth is larger than the size of the cotton seeds, the cylindrical screen 3 is driven to rotate under the rotation of the first motor 301, the cylindrical screen 3 is rotated to remove large impurities such as plastic bottles, small stones and the like, because the inclined communicating pipe 13 is detachably connected with one end of the cylindrical screen 3, when the large impurities such as the plastic bottles, the small stones and the like in the cylindrical screen 3 accumulate, the inclined communicating pipe 13 and the cylindrical screen 3 can be detached to remove the large impurities in the cylindrical screen 3, after the cleaning, the inclined communicating pipe 13 is connected with the cylindrical screen 3, then the cylindrical screen 3 drops the impurity-removed cotton seeds into a feeding port of the wind-power seed cleaning device, the wind-power seed cleaning device blows air through a fan in the wind-power seed cleaning device to blow away dust and light small impurities, so that dust removal and small impurities removal can be achieved, relatively heavy substances (cotton seeds) are left, primary-selected cotton seeds are obtained, then the obtained impurity-removed primary-selected cotton seeds are sent into the delinting device 5 to be delinted, the primary-selected cotton seeds are delinted through a seed poking roller 501 and a saw blade roller 502 of the delinting device 5, so that cotton linters and cotton seeds are obtained, the obtained cotton linters are discharged from a discharge port through a brush roller 503, the obtained optical seeds are discharged through a discharge port of an optical seed auger 504, the obtained sterile seeds are discharged through a discharge port of an non-pregnant seed auger 505, wherein the conveying sections of the wind-power seed cleaning device 4 and the delinting device 5 use a screw conveyer 9 to convey the cotton seeds, removing partial small three threads by a spiral auger 901 and auger iron teeth 902 of a spiral conveyor 9, then conveying the obtained three-thread-removed fluff into a fluff collecting device 6 for dust removal through a wind power communicating pipe 10, wherein the fluff collecting device 6 sucks air flow through a fluff collecting dust cage 602 in a negative pressure air suction channel, cotton linters are brought into a feeding hole under the action of the air flow, and when the fluff collecting dust cage 602 rotates, the lower part of the fluff collecting dust cage 602 turns to a cotton poking roller 603; cotton linters are attached to a linter collecting dust cage 602, the cotton roller 603 is shifted from the lower direction, the cotton linters are peeled off by the cotton roller 603, the cotton roller 604 and the cotton roller 603 are shifted by the combined action, the cotton linters are compacted and are discharged to a discharge port, the cotton linters with dust removal are obtained, the cotton linters which are not peeled off by the cotton roller 603 are accumulated below the cotton roller 603 and the cotton roller 604, the accumulated cotton linters are dropped downwards, the material inlet is dropped, and then the cotton linters continue to enter the linter collecting cavity 601 under the action of wind force, so that equipment blockage cannot be caused. At the moment, the dedusted cotton linters are sent into a shell and linter separating device 7 through a wind power communicating pipe 10, the shell and linter separating device 7 rotates through a bar rotor 701, a hammer sheet 706 and a dental plate 702 are matched with each other to crush cotton seed shells, so that the shell and linter are separated, under the action of strip holes of a screen 705, flaky cotton seed shell scraps and most cotton linters pass through the screen to enter a material chamber 703, and under the auxiliary action of guide vanes 707, other parts of longer cotton linters gathered at the central part of the bar rotor 701 under the action of centrifugal force in rotation enter a material chamber 703 through an axial fluff suction pipe 704 under the action of negative pressure airflow, the longer cotton linters enter the material chamber 703 from an axial wind hole 708, an axial fluff suction hole 709 and the axial fluff suction pipe 704, finally the shell and linters falling from the screen are sent into a cleaning device 8 through the communicating pipe 710 and the wind power communicating pipe 10, and are subjected to tooth roller separation of impurities, three threads and linters through the shell and linter separating device 7 to obtain the impurity-removed cotton linters; finally, the cotton linters after impurity removal are sent into a cleaning device 8, the cleaning device 8 filters and removes impurities through a plurality of groups of cotton linter cleaning rollers 801 and an impurity removal pore plate 802 to obtain the cotton linters after impurity removal, the filtered cotton linters are discharged through a finished product outlet 803, the impurities are discharged through an impurity outlet 804, and the cleaning device 8 further separates the impurities of the cotton linters to obtain the high-quality cotton linters; the down contained in the impurities cleaned after the working procedures of the shell and down separation device 7 and the cleaning device 8 are mixed with the high-quality cotton linters after sequentially passing through the cylindrical screen 3, the shell and down separation device 7 and the cleaning device 8, the obtained sulfuric acid insoluble substance of the cotton linters is within 8 percent, the ash content is within 2 percent, the maturity is more than 60 percent, and the high-quality cotton linters without three filaments have wide popularization and application values in the technical field of cotton linters processing.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the utility model has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a apparatus for producing suitable for cotton linter, is including removing three silk device (2), drum sieve (3), wind-force seed cleaning device (4), shell fine hair device (5), collection fine hair device (6), shell fine hair separator (7) and cleaning device (8), its characterized in that: the three-wire removing device (2) is connected with the cylindrical sieve (3), the cylindrical sieve (3) is connected with the wind-power seed cleaning device (4), the wind-power seed cleaning device (4) is connected with the screw conveyor (9), the screw conveyor (9) is connected with the fine hair peeling device (5), the fine hair peeling device (5) is connected with the fine hair collecting device (6), the fine hair collecting device (6) is connected with the shell-fine hair separating device (7), the shell-fine hair separating device (7) is connected with the cleaning device (8), the three-wire removing device (2), the wind-power seed cleaning device (4), the fine hair peeling device (5), the fine hair collecting device (6), the shell-fine hair separating device (7) and the cleaning device (8) are electrically connected with a master controller, and the master controller is electrically connected with a master power supply;
the three-wire removing device (2) is provided with a feeding port (1), an upper rotating bar (11) and a lower rotating bar (12) are arranged below the feeding port (1), the three-wire removing device (2) is connected with an inclined communicating pipe (13), the inclined communicating pipe (13) is detachably connected with one end of a cylindrical screen (3), the other end of the cylindrical screen (3) is provided with a first motor (301), a rotor of the first motor (301) is fixedly connected with the cylindrical screen (3), the cylindrical screen (3) is connected with a wind power seed cleaning device (4) below, the wind power seed cleaning device (4) is provided with a feeding port and a discharging port, the cylindrical screen (3) is fixedly connected with the feeding port of the wind power seed cleaning device (4) below, the discharging port of the wind power seed cleaning device (4) is connected with a spiral conveyor (9), a spiral auger (901) is arranged in the spiral conveyor (9), and a shell (904) is arranged outside the spiral conveyor (9), a second motor (903) is arranged at one end of the spiral auger (901), the other end of the spiral conveyor (9) is connected with the delinting device (5), the delinting device (5) is provided with a feed inlet, a seed poking roller (501), a saw blade roller (502), a brush roller (503), a seed polishing auger (504), an sterile seed auger (505) and a discharge outlet, the other end of the spiral conveyor (9) is connected with the feed inlet of the delinting device (5), the inside of the delinting device (5) is provided with the seed poking roller (501), the saw blade roller (502) is arranged below the seed poking roller (501), the brush roller (503) is arranged above the right of the saw blade roller (502), the seed polishing auger (504) is arranged below the saw blade roller (502), the sterile seed polishing auger (505) is arranged below the brush roller (503), the discharge outlet of the delinting device (5) is connected with a wind power communicating pipe (10), and the wind power communicating pipe (10) is connected with the delinting device (6), the device (6) is provided with a feeding hole, a velvet collecting chamber (601), a velvet collecting dust cage (602), a cotton pulling roller (603), a cotton pulling roller (604) and a discharging hole, the wind power communicating pipe (10) is connected with the feeding hole of the velvet collecting device (6), the velvet collecting dust cage (602) is rotationally arranged on the velvet collecting chamber (601) and is driven to rotate, and the velvet collecting dust cage (602) is of a net type roller structure; the cotton poking roller (603) is rotationally arranged on the down collecting chamber (601); the cotton pulling roller (603) is parallel to the flock collecting dust cage (602), and the cotton pulling roller (604) is rotationally arranged on the flock collecting chamber (601); the cotton pulling roller (604) and the cotton pulling roller (603) are parallel to each other; the discharging port of the down collecting device (6) is connected with a wind power communicating pipe (10), the wind power communicating pipe (10) is connected with the feeding port of a shell and down separating device (7), the shell and down separating device (7) is provided with a bar rotor (701), a tooth plate (702), a screen (705), a feeding port and a discharging port, the wind power communicating pipe (10) is connected with the shell and down separating device (7), the tooth plate (702) is installed on the inner wall of a shell of the shell and down separating device (7), the screen (705) is fixedly installed below the inner wall of the shell and down separating device (7), a material chamber (703) is installed below the screen (705), the material chamber (703) is connected with the communicating pipe (710) and an axial down sucking pipe (704), a bar rotor (701) is arranged in the shell and down separating device (7), a plurality of rotors are installed on a bar rotor (701) shaft, and a plurality of hammer pieces (706) are arranged at the outer edge of the rotors, an axial wind hole (708) is arranged at a position, close to a rotor shaft, of the bar rotor (701), a guide vane (707) is installed on one side of the axial wind hole (708), an axial fluff absorbing hole (709) is arranged at a position, corresponding to the axial wind hole (708), of the rotor on the machine shell, the axial fluff absorbing hole (709) is communicated with an axial fluff absorbing pipe (704) outside the shell (904), a discharge hole of the shell and fluff separating device (7) is connected with a cleaning device (8), the cleaning device (8) is provided with a feed hole, fluff cleaning rollers (801), an impurity removing hole plate (802), a finished product outlet (803) and a impurity outlet (804), the discharge hole of the shell and fluff separating device (7) is connected with the feed hole of the cleaning device (8), a plurality of groups of the fluff cleaning rollers (801) are arranged in the cleaning device (8), the feed hole of the cleaning device (8) and the finished product outlet (803) are matched with the plurality of groups of the fluff cleaning rollers (801) in the cleaning device (8), the cleaning rollers (801) are respectively and correspondingly arranged in the circular cavities, impurity removing pore plates (802) are arranged around the circular cavities in a surrounding mode, and the top surfaces and the bottom surfaces of the cleaning rollers are the impurity removing pore plates (802) and are formed by sealing connection with the surrounding impurity removing pore plates (802).
2. A device for the production of cotton linters as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the upper rotating bar (11) and the lower rotating bar (12) are both provided with bar iron teeth (1101), and the length of the rotating bar iron teeth is different from 10 cm to 15 cm.
3. A device for the production of cotton linters as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: auger iron teeth (902) are welded on the shaft of the spiral auger (901), and the length of the auger iron teeth is 3-5 cm.
4. A device for the production of cotton linters as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the screen cloth (705) of the cylindrical screen (3) is a cylindrical screen cloth (705), and the mesh number of the cylindrical screen cloth (705) is larger than the size of the cotton seeds.
5. A device for the production of cotton linters as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the clearance between a seed poking roller (501) and a saw blade roller (502) of the linter stripping device (5) is 1.5-1.8mm, and the rotation speed ratio is 1: 100-120.
6. A device for the production of cotton linters as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the aperture of the cylinder of the dust collecting cage (602) is 70-80 meshes.
CN202121758635.XU 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 Production device suitable for cotton linters Active CN215404666U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121758635.XU CN215404666U (en) 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 Production device suitable for cotton linters

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121758635.XU CN215404666U (en) 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 Production device suitable for cotton linters

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215404666U true CN215404666U (en) 2022-01-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121758635.XU Active CN215404666U (en) 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 Production device suitable for cotton linters

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215404666U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113481608A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-10-08 奎屯泰昆油脂有限公司 High-quality cotton linter production method and device suitable for same

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113481608A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-10-08 奎屯泰昆油脂有限公司 High-quality cotton linter production method and device suitable for same
CN113481608B (en) * 2021-07-29 2024-05-17 奎屯泰昆油脂有限公司 High-quality cotton linter production method and device suitable for same

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