CN215325619U - Unloading mechanism, recovery unit and recovery plant - Google Patents

Unloading mechanism, recovery unit and recovery plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215325619U
CN215325619U CN202121655052.4U CN202121655052U CN215325619U CN 215325619 U CN215325619 U CN 215325619U CN 202121655052 U CN202121655052 U CN 202121655052U CN 215325619 U CN215325619 U CN 215325619U
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China
Prior art keywords
recovery
pcb
carrier
moving
feeding
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CN202121655052.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴汉桥
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Jiangsu Chuangyuan Electron Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Chuangyuan Electron Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202121655052.4U priority Critical patent/CN215325619U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a blanking mechanism, a recovery device and recovery equipment, relates to the technical field of PCB processing equipment, and aims to solve the technical problem that the existing PCB is easy to damage during the moving process. The blanking mechanism provided by the utility model is used for extracting the PCB in the carrier and comprises a moving assembly and an extracting assembly; the extracting component comprises a mounting seat, a buffer piece and an adsorption component, one end of the mounting seat is connected with the moving component, the other end of the mounting seat is used for mounting the buffer piece, one end, far away from the mounting seat, of the buffer piece is connected with the adsorption component, and the adsorption component can absorb the PCB to enable the PCB to be separated from the carrier.

Description

Unloading mechanism, recovery unit and recovery plant
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of PCB (printed circuit board) processing equipment, in particular to a blanking mechanism, a recovery device and recovery equipment.
Background
A printed Circuit board (pcb) is an important electronic component, a support for electronic components, and a carrier for electrically interconnecting electronic components.
In the PCB production process, in order to prevent the PCB from being damaged during the moving process, the PCB is usually placed in a carrier for moving. When the PCB needs to be separated from the carrier, the PCB is easily damaged by a conventional clamping means.
Therefore, it is desirable to provide a blanking mechanism, a recycling device and a recycling apparatus to solve the problems in the prior art to some extent.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a blanking mechanism, a recovery device and recovery equipment, which aim to solve the technical problem that the existing PCB is easy to damage during the moving process to a certain extent.
The utility model provides a blanking mechanism which is used for extracting a PCB in a carrier and comprises a moving assembly and an extracting assembly; the extraction component comprises a mounting seat, a buffer piece and an adsorption component, one end of the mounting seat is connected with the moving component, the other end of the mounting seat is used for mounting the buffer piece, the buffer piece is far away from one end of the mounting seat and the adsorption component, and the adsorption component can absorb the PCB to separate the PCB from the carrier.
Wherein the suction member includes a suction cup and an inflation portion; the sucking disc with PCB contacts, in order to right PCB adsorbs, be formed with the inflation inlet in the sucking disc, aerify the portion through the inflation inlet can to aerify in the sucking disc, so that the sucking disc with PCB phase separation.
Specifically, the moving assembly comprises a telescopic part, and one end of the telescopic part is connected with the mounting seat to drive the mounting seat to reciprocate in the vertical direction.
Furthermore, the moving assembly further comprises a rotating part, a first moving part, a second moving part and a positioning seat; the rotating part is connected with the telescopic part so as to drive the telescopic part to rotate, and one end of the rotating part is connected with one end of the first moving part; a slide way is formed on the second movable part, one end of the first movable part, which is far away from the rotating part, is arranged in the slide way, and the first movable part can reciprocate along the slide way and rotate relative to the second movable part; one end, far away from the first movable part, of the second movable part is connected with the positioning seat, and the second movable part can rotate relative to the positioning seat in the horizontal direction.
Compared with the prior art, the blanking mechanism provided by the utility model has the following advantages:
the blanking mechanism provided by the utility model is used for extracting the PCB in the carrier and comprises a moving assembly and an extracting assembly; the extracting component comprises a mounting seat, a buffer piece and an adsorption component, one end of the mounting seat is connected with the moving component, the other end of the mounting seat is used for mounting the buffer piece, one end, far away from the mounting seat, of the buffer piece is connected with the adsorption component, and the adsorption component can absorb the PCB to enable the PCB to be separated from the carrier.
Therefore, analysis can know that the extracting assembly is driven to move through the moving assembly, the buffer piece and the adsorption component can be stably moved along with the moving assembly through the mounting seat, and the buffer piece is arranged between one ends, far away from the moving assembly, of the adsorption component and the mounting seat, so that when the adsorption component is in contact with a PCB, the buffer effect can be achieved to a certain extent, and the problem of PCB damage can be avoided.
And the adsorption component in this application removes the PCB through the mode of absorption and also can further reduce the problem that causes the PCB to damage in transporting and the removal process.
In addition, the utility model also provides a recovery device, which comprises the blanking mechanism, the machine table, the feeding mechanism and the recovery mechanism; one end of the moving assembly is connected with the machine table, the feeding mechanism and the recovery mechanism are both arranged on the machine table, and the blanking mechanism is positioned between the feeding mechanism and the recovery mechanism and can move between the feeding mechanism and the recovery mechanism; the feeding mechanism is used for conveying the carrier loaded with the PCB to the blanking mechanism, the blanking mechanism separates the PCB from the carrier and transfers the PCB to the recovery mechanism, and the recovery mechanism is used for recovering the detached PCB.
The feeding mechanism comprises a feeding track, a bearing assembly, a first stopping part and a second stopping part; the bearing components are arranged on the feeding track in a sliding mode, and the first stopping portion and the second stopping portion are arranged at intervals along the extending direction of the feeding track to separate two adjacent bearing components on the feeding track.
Specifically, the bearing assembly comprises a bearing part, a fixing part and a positioning bulge; the bearing part is used for bearing the carrier, the fixing part and the positioning bulge are arranged on one side, facing the carrier, of the bearing part, the fixing part and the carrier are adsorbed, and the positioning bulge can be inserted into a positioning hole of the carrier so as to position the carrier.
Further, the recovery mechanism comprises a recovery track, a recovery disc, a jacking assembly and a separation assembly; the recovery tray is multiple, and the multiple recovery trays are stacked on the recovery track; the separating assembly can separate the lowest recovery tray from the recovery trays stacked above, the jacking assembly can jack up the recovery trays located above after separation, and the recovery track can enable the recovery trays located below after separation to move.
The application provides a recovery unit can transport the carrier that carries PCB to the setting position of unloading mechanism on the bench automatically through feeding mechanism, and rethread unloading mechanism is with PCB and carrier phase separation, and when the separation after accomplishing, because unloading mechanism can move between feeding mechanism and recovery mechanism, consequently, can transfer PCB to recovery mechanism in, rethread recovery mechanism retrieves PCB uniformly.
The application also provides recovery equipment, which comprises the recovery device, a transfer device and a reflux device; the moving and carrying device and the backflow device are arranged on the machine table, and the moving and carrying device can grab the carrier after the PCB is separated from the feeding track and move the carrier to the backflow device for recycling.
The transfer device comprises a transfer rail and a grabbing mechanism; the moving and carrying track is arranged between the feeding track and the backflow device, and the grabbing mechanism is arranged on the moving and carrying track and can reciprocate along the moving and carrying track so as to transfer the carrier from the feeding track to the backflow device.
In the recovery plant that this application provided, through moving automatic backward flow that carries the carrier behind the device and the reflux unit of carrying can realize the split PCB to make the split operation of PCB, the recovery operation of PCB and the recovery operation of carrier all can break away from manual operation, improve the operating efficiency.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a blanking mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is an overall structural schematic diagram of a first view angle of a recycling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an overall structure of a second view angle of the recycling apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at A;
fig. 5 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 2 at B.
In the figure: 1-a moving assembly; 101-a telescoping section; 102-a first moving part; 103-a second moving part; 1031-slide way; 104-positioning seat; 2-an extraction component; 201-a buffer member; 202-an adsorption member; 3-mounting a base; 4-extension seat; 5-a machine table; 6-a feeding mechanism; 601-a feeding track; 7-a recovery mechanism; 701-recovering the track; 702-a recovery tray; 703-a separation assembly; 7031-a separator plate; 7032-guide shaft; 7033-a drive member; 8-a transfer device; 801-transfer track; 802-a grasping mechanism; 8021-gripper; 8022-a guide; 8023-a stent; 9-a recovery device; 10-a carrier.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the system or element being referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; the connection can be mechanical connection or electrical connection; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an overall structure of a blanking mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, the present invention provides a blanking mechanism for extracting PCBs in a carrier 10, including a moving assembly 1 and an extracting assembly 2; the extraction assembly 2 comprises a mounting seat 3, a buffer 201 and an adsorption member 202, one end of the mounting seat 3 is connected with the moving assembly 1, the other end of the mounting seat is used for mounting the buffer 201, one end, far away from the mounting seat 3, of the buffer 201 is connected with the adsorption member 202, and the adsorption member 202 can absorb a PCB, so that the PCB is separated from the carrier 10.
Compared with the prior art, the blanking mechanism provided by the utility model has the following advantages:
according to the blanking mechanism provided by the utility model, the extraction component 2 is driven to move by the moving component 1, the buffer 201 and the adsorption component 202 can stably move along with the moving component 1 by the mounting seat 3, and the buffer 201 is arranged between the adsorption component 202 and one end of the mounting seat 3 far away from the moving component 1, so that when the adsorption component 202 is in contact with a PCB, a buffer effect can be achieved to a certain extent, and the problem of PCB damage can be avoided.
In the present application, the adsorption member 202 moves the PCB by suction, which can further reduce the problem of PCB damage during transportation and movement.
The extraction component in this application can adopt the form of clamping jaw, sets up two inboard clamping jaw portions that have the cushion, can move to the direction that is close to or keeps away from each other through making two clamping jaw portions to the realization is to snatching of PCB. After the pick-up assembly picks up the PCB, the pick-up assembly moves in a direction approaching the moving assembly 1, thereby separating the PCB from the carrier 10. Because the inner side of the clamping claw part is provided with the soft cushion, the damage of the grabbing action to the PCB can be reduced to a certain extent.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the suction member 202 includes a suction cup and an inflation portion; the sucking disc contacts with PCB to adsorb PCB, be formed with the inflation inlet in the sucking disc, portion of aerifing can aerify to the sucking disc in through the inflation inlet, so that sucking disc and PCB phase separation.
Preferably, the structure that contacts and drive PCB in this application removes is the sucking disc, and during the use, the sucking disc removes to the direction of keeping away from removal subassembly 1 to can be close to PCB gradually, until contacting with PCB. Treat the contact back, the sucking disc continues to push down, because bolster 201 can cushion the power of pushing down to a certain extent, consequently, on the basis that the assurance sucking disc can adsorb PCB, can also reduce the risk that PCB damaged to a certain extent.
When the PCB is transferred to a corresponding position and needs to be released, the air inflation part inflates air through the air inflation port of the suction cup, so that the suction cup can be separated from the plane of the PCB, and the release of the PCB is completed.
It should be added here that, in the present application, an extension seat 4 is further provided between the moving assembly 1 and the mounting seat 3, and the displacement distance of the extracting assembly 2 in the vertical direction can be shortened to some extent by providing the extension seat 4. Preferably, a plurality of hollow holes are formed in the extension base 4, and the overall weight of the extension base 4 can be reduced through the plurality of hollow holes.
Further, as shown in fig. 1, the moving assembly 1 includes a telescopic part 101, and one end of the telescopic part 101 is connected with the mounting base 3 to drive the mounting base 3 to reciprocate in the vertical direction.
By providing the expansion/contraction portion 101, the displacement distance of the suction member 202 can be further shortened, the operation time can be reduced, and the work efficiency can be improved.
Fig. 2 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a first view angle of a recycling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Furthermore, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the moving assembly 1 further includes a rotating portion, a first moving portion 102, a second moving portion 103, and a positioning seat 104; the rotating part is connected with the telescopic part 101 so as to drive the telescopic part 101 to rotate, and one end of the rotating part is connected with one end of the first moving part 102; a slide 1031 is formed on the second moving part 103, one end of the first moving part 102, which is far away from the telescopic part 101, is arranged in the slide 1031, and the first moving part 102 can reciprocate along the slide 1031 and rotate relative to the second moving part 103; one end of the second moving portion 103, which is far away from the first moving portion 102, is connected to the positioning seat 104, and the second moving portion 103 can rotate in the horizontal direction relative to the positioning seat 104.
Positioning seat 104 in this application is connected with board 5 through the support frame, and the second moves portion 103 and is connected with positioning seat 104 rotation to can drive first relative positioning seat 104 rotation of portion 102 that moves, and turned angle is 360, and through the rotating part, also can make the relative first portion rotation that moves of pars contractilis 101.
In the application, a connecting member matched with the slide 1031 is arranged at one end, away from the telescopic part 101, of the first moving part 102, the connecting member can drive the first moving part 102 to slide relative to the second moving part 103, a rotating member is connected to the connecting member, and the first moving part 102 of the rotating member is connected to drive the first moving part 102 to rotate relative to the connecting member, so that the first moving part 102 slides and rotates relative to the second moving part 103.
Since the expansion part 101 in the present application is connected to the end of the first moving part 102 away from the second moving part 103 in the vertical direction, when the first moving part 102 rotates relative to the second moving part 103, the expansion part 101 can contact with the outer wall surface of the second moving part 103, thereby affecting the rotation angle of the first moving part 102, and therefore, the actual rotation angle of the first moving part 102 is the angle occupied by the second moving part 103 without the width thereof.
It should be noted that, when the first movable portion 102 moves to the end close to the positioning seat 104 along the slide 1031, the rotation of the first movable portion 102 can make the telescopic portion 101 abut against the second movable portion 103, so that the first movable portion 102 can rotate only on one side of the second movable portion 103, and if the first movable portion 102 needs to rotate to the other side of the second movable portion 103, the first movable portion 102 needs to move to the end far from the positioning seat 104 first, and then the first movable portion 102 needs to rotate to the other side of the second movable portion 103.
The telescopic part 101 in the present application is connected to one end of the first moving part 102 far from the second moving part 103, and can rotate relative to the first moving part 102 and reciprocate in the vertical direction relative to the first moving part 102, so that the displacement distance of the extraction assembly 2 in the vertical direction can be further shortened.
Fig. 3 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a second view angle of the recycling apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, the present invention further provides a recycling device 9, which includes the above-mentioned blanking mechanism, machine table 5, feeding mechanism 6 and recycling mechanism 7; one end of the moving assembly 1 is connected with the machine table 5, the feeding mechanism 6 and the recovery mechanism 7 are both arranged on the machine table 5, and the blanking mechanism is positioned between the feeding mechanism 6 and the recovery mechanism 7 and can move between the feeding mechanism 6 and the recovery mechanism 7; the feeding mechanism 6 is used for conveying the carrier 10 carrying the PCB to the blanking mechanism, the blanking mechanism separates the PCB from the carrier 10 and transfers the PCB to the recovery mechanism 7, and the recovery mechanism 7 is used for recovering the separated PCB.
The moving assembly 1 in the blanking mechanism in the present application is disposed on the machine table 5 through the support frame, and the support frame is disposed between the feeding mechanism 6 and the recovery mechanism 7, so that the PCB detached from the carrier 10 can be transferred between the feeding mechanism 6 and the recovery mechanism 7 through the first moving portion 102 and the second moving portion 103.
During operation, the carrier 10 with the PCB moves to the feeding mechanism from the inlet of the feeding mechanism 6, after the carrier 10 moves to a proper position, the blanking mechanism separates the PCB from the carrier 10, then the first moving part 102 and the second moving part 103 are matched to drive the PCB to move to the position above the recovery mechanism 7 from the feeding mechanism 6, and then the PCB is released and recovered through the movement of the telescopic part 101 and the extraction component 2 along the vertical direction.
As shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, the feeding mechanism 6 includes a feeding track 601, a bearing assembly, a first stopper and a second stopper; the bearing components are slidably disposed on the feeding track 601, and the first stopping portion and the second stopping portion are disposed at intervals along the extending direction of the feeding track 601 to separate two adjacent bearing components on the feeding track 601.
Preferably, the feeding mechanism 6 in the present application includes two sets of feeding tracks 601, each set of feeding tracks 601 can independently transport the carrier 10, each set of feeding tracks 601 includes two guide rails extending along the width direction of the machine table 5, the bearing component is disposed between the two guide rails, and only one bearing component is disposed on each set of feeding tracks 601.
First backstop portion in this application sets up in the one end that the removal subassembly 1 is close to in pay-off track 601, and second backstop portion sets up in the one end that the removal subassembly 1 was kept away from to pay-off track 601, can separate into material loading position and wait to material loading position with pay-off track 601 through first backstop portion and second backstop portion. The bearing component can reciprocate at a loading position and a position to be loaded and can lift relative to the feeding track 601.
During operation, a plurality of carriers 10 are sequentially placed on the feeding track 601 along the extending direction of the feeding track 601, the position to be loaded is stopped by the second stopping portion, the bearing component moves to the position to be loaded and descends relative to the feeding track 601, so that the bearing component can be located below the carriers 10. Then, the bearing component is lifted to bear the carrier 10, the carrier is moved towards the direction close to the moving component 1, and the first stop component is used for stopping, so that the bearing component is stopped at a loading position. The blanking mechanism separates the PCB and then transfers the PCB to the recovery mechanism 7 to recover the PCB.
And the carrier 10 after separating the PCB can be taken away from the bearing component by manpower, after the carrier 10 is separated from the bearing component, the bearing component moves to the position to be loaded to bear the next carrier 10, thereby realizing the transportation of the carrier 10 and the PCB through the reciprocating motion of the bearing component.
Specifically, the bearing assembly comprises a bearing part, a fixing part and a positioning bulge; the bearing part is used for bearing the carrier 10, the fixing part and the positioning bulge are arranged on one side of the bearing part facing the carrier 10, the fixing part is adsorbed with the carrier 10, and the positioning bulge can be inserted into the positioning hole of the carrier 10 so as to position the carrier 10.
Because the carrier 10 is formed with a plurality of through holes, preferably, a positioning protrusion is formed on the carrying portion corresponding to the through holes of the carrier 10, and the fixing position is a plurality of suckers, and the carrying portion is attached to the bottom of the carrier 10 for supporting the carrier 10.
When the carrying portion is attached to the carrier 10, the positioning protrusions can be inserted into the through holes of the carrier 10, and the suction cup can absorb the carrier 10, so that the carrier 10 can move stably. After the separation operation of the PCB and the carrier 10 is completed, the carrying part descends to separate the positioning protrusion and the suction cup from the carrier 10, thereby facilitating the operator to take off the carrier 10.
Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
As shown in fig. 2 to 4, the recovery mechanism 7 includes a recovery rail 701, a recovery tray 702, a jacking assembly, and a partition assembly 703; the recovery tray 702 is multiple, and the multiple recovery trays 702 are stacked on the recovery rail 701; the partition member 703 can partition the lowermost recovery tray 702 from the recovery trays 702 stacked above, the lift member can lift up the plurality of recovery trays 702 located above after the partition, and the recovery rail 701 can move the recovery tray 702 located below after the partition.
The recovery tray 702 in this application can move along the recovery rail 701, and generally the recovery tray 702 on the recovery rail 701 has a plurality, and the recovery rail 701 in this application has a plurality of stations.
Wherein, the parts on the recovery disc separating station and the recovery disc stacking station have the same structure but different actions.
At the separating station, the jacking assembly jacks up all the recovery trays 702 from the bottoms of the recovery trays 702 to the upper side of the recovery rails 701, the separating assembly 703 clamps the penultimate recovery tray 702 from two sides of the penultimate recovery tray 702 to hold the penultimate recovery tray 702 so as to lift the penultimate recovery tray 702 and the recovery trays 702 above the penultimate recovery tray 702, the jacking assembly enables the lowest (penultimate) recovery tray 702 to descend so that the recovery tray 702 can fall back onto the recovery rails 701, and the lowest (penultimate) recovery tray 702 flows to the PCB loading station on the recovery rails 701 to perform PCB loading. After the recovery tray 702 on the penultimate floor is separated, the recovery trays 702 on the penultimate floor are sequentially separated until the recovery tray 702 on the uppermost floor.
After the PCB loading is completed in sequence by the recovery tray 702 on the recovery track 701, the PCB flows to the stacking station in sequence. At the stacking station, the jacking assembly jacks up the penultimate recovery tray 702 completing the PCB loading from the recovery rail 701 to the upper side of the recovery rail 701, the separating assembly 703 clamps the penultimate recovery tray 702 from two sides of the penultimate recovery tray 702 to jack up the penultimate recovery tray 702, the jacking assembly sequentially jacks up the penultimate recovery tray 702 to the uppermost recovery tray 702 in a reciprocating manner, and the separating assembly 703 sequentially descends and clamps the lowermost recovery tray 702.
The lowermost (penultimate) recovery tray 702 of the recovery tray separating station becomes the uppermost (first tier) recovery tray 702 of the recovery tray stacking station, and the uppermost (first tier) recovery tray 702 of the recovery tray separating station becomes the lowermost (penultimate) recovery tray 702 of the recovery tray stacking station.
In this application, the two separating members 703 are disposed on two sides of the recycling track 701, and when two adjacent recycling trays 702 need to be separated, the two separating members 703 move in a direction approaching each other, so that the recycling trays 702 above can be supported.
Preferably, the two partition assemblies 703 in the present application each include a partition plate 7031, a guide shaft 7032, and a driving member 7033, the partition plate 7031 has a plurality of protrusions formed thereon, the partition plate 7031 is slidably connected to the guide shaft 7032, and the driving member 7033 can drive the partition plate 7031 to reciprocate along the extending direction of the guide shaft 7032.
The guide shaft 7032 and the convex portion in the present application each extend in the width direction of the machine base 5, and when the partition plates 7031 on both sides move in the direction of approaching each other, the two adjacent recovery trays 702 can be separated.
It should be added that the recovery tray 702 in the present application has a plurality of carrying slots for carrying PCBs, and when the recovery tray 702 moves to the loading position, the recovery tray 702 stops and moves again after being fully loaded with PCBs.
Fig. 5 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 2 at B.
In addition, as shown in fig. 2 to 5, the present invention further provides a recycling apparatus, which comprises the recycling device 9, a transferring device 8 and a reflow device; the transfer device 8 and the reflow device are both arranged on the machine table 5, and the transfer device 8 can grab the carrier 10 on the feeding track 601 after the PCB is separated, and move the carrier 10 to the reflow device for recycling.
In the recovery plant that this application provided, can realize the automatic backward flow of carrier 10 behind the split PCB through moving device 8 and reflux unit to make the split operation of PCB, the recovery operation of PCB and the recovery operation of carrier 10 all can break away from manual operation, improve the operating efficiency.
The reflow device in the application comprises a plurality of reflow rails, the reflow rails form a reflow line, so that the carrier 10 after PCB separation can move to the position for loading the PCB, and reflow to the feeding mechanism 6 again after new PCB loading.
It should be noted that, as shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, in the present application, the reflow track on the machine table 5 extends along the length direction of the machine table 5, and the carriers 10 that have completed PCB separation on the feeding mechanism 6 are captured onto the reflow track by the transfer device 8. Preferably, the reflow track of the machine 5 and the other reflow track of the reflow line are perpendicular to each other, so that the machine 5 of the present application is provided with a transfer component, and the structure of the transfer component is the same as the structure of the transfer track 801 of the present application, so as to turn the carrier 10 reflowing on the reflow track of the machine 5 and move the carrier to the reflow track of the reflow line.
As shown in fig. 2 to 5, the transfer device 8 includes a transfer rail and a gripping mechanism 802; the transferring track is disposed between the feeding track 601 and the reflow device, and the grabbing mechanism 802 is disposed on the transferring track and can reciprocate along the transferring track to transfer the carrier 10 from the feeding track 601 to the reflow device.
The gripping mechanism 802 in the present application includes a gripper 8021, a guide portion 8022, and a support 8023, the guide portion 8022 is connected to one end of the support 8023, and the other end of the support 8023 is connected to a transfer rail, so that the guide portion 8022 and the gripper 8021 reciprocate along the transfer rail.
The guide portion 8022 in the present application can reciprocate in the vertical direction with respect to the support 8023, the number of the grippers 8021 is two, and the two grippers 8021 are respectively disposed on two sides of the guide portion 8022 and can move in the direction approaching to or away from each other, so as to grip and release the carrier 10.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the utility model, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (10)

1. A blanking mechanism is used for extracting a PCB in a carrier and is characterized by comprising a moving assembly and an extracting assembly;
the extraction component comprises a mounting seat, a buffer piece and an adsorption component, one end of the mounting seat is connected with the moving component, the other end of the mounting seat is used for mounting the buffer piece, the buffer piece is far away from one end of the mounting seat and the adsorption component, and the adsorption component can absorb the PCB to separate the PCB from the carrier.
2. The blanking mechanism of claim 1, wherein the suction member includes a suction cup and an inflation portion;
the sucking disc with PCB contacts, in order to right PCB adsorbs, be formed with the inflation inlet in the sucking disc, aerify the portion through the inflation inlet can to aerify in the sucking disc, so that the sucking disc with PCB phase separation.
3. The blanking mechanism of claim 1 wherein the moving assembly includes a telescoping portion, one end of the telescoping portion being connected to the mounting block to drive the mounting block to reciprocate in a vertical direction.
4. The blanking mechanism of claim 3 wherein the moving assembly further comprises a rotating portion, a first moving portion, a second moving portion and a positioning seat;
the rotating part is connected with the telescopic part so as to drive the telescopic part to rotate, and one end of the rotating part is connected with one end of the first moving part;
a slide way is formed on the second movable part, one end of the first movable part, which is far away from the rotating part, is arranged in the slide way, and the first movable part can reciprocate along the slide way and rotate relative to the second movable part;
one end, far away from the first movable part, of the second movable part is connected with the positioning seat, and the second movable part can rotate relative to the positioning seat in the horizontal direction.
5. A recycling device, which is characterized by comprising the blanking mechanism, the machine table, the feeding mechanism and the recycling mechanism of any one of the claims 1 to 4;
one end of the moving assembly is connected with the machine table, the feeding mechanism and the recovery mechanism are both arranged on the machine table, and the blanking mechanism is positioned between the feeding mechanism and the recovery mechanism and can move between the feeding mechanism and the recovery mechanism;
the feeding mechanism is used for conveying the carrier loaded with the PCB to the blanking mechanism, the blanking mechanism separates the PCB from the carrier and transfers the PCB to the recovery mechanism, and the recovery mechanism is used for recovering the detached PCB.
6. The recycling apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding track, a carrying assembly, a first stopper and a second stopper;
the bearing components are arranged on the feeding track in a sliding mode, and the first stopping portion and the second stopping portion are arranged at intervals along the extending direction of the feeding track to separate two adjacent bearing components on the feeding track.
7. The recycling apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said carrier assembly comprises a carrier portion, a fixing portion and a positioning projection;
the bearing part is used for bearing the carrier, the fixing part and the positioning bulge are arranged on one side, facing the carrier, of the bearing part, the fixing part and the carrier are adsorbed, and the positioning bulge can be inserted into a positioning hole of the carrier so as to position the carrier.
8. The recycling apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the recycling mechanism comprises a recycling track, a recycling tray, a jacking assembly, and a partitioning assembly;
the recovery tray is multiple, and the multiple recovery trays are stacked on the recovery track;
the separating assembly can separate the lowest recovery tray from the recovery trays stacked above, the jacking assembly can jack up the recovery trays located above after separation, and the recovery track can enable the recovery trays located below after separation to move.
9. A recycling apparatus comprising the recycling device according to any one of claims 6 to 8, and a transfer device and a reflow device;
the moving and carrying device and the backflow device are arranged on the machine table, and the moving and carrying device can grab the carrier after the PCB is separated from the feeding track and move the carrier to the backflow device for recycling.
10. The recycling apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said transfer means includes a transfer rail and a gripping mechanism;
the moving and carrying track is arranged between the feeding track and the backflow device, and the grabbing mechanism is arranged on the moving and carrying track and can reciprocate along the moving and carrying track so as to transfer the carrier from the feeding track to the backflow device.
CN202121655052.4U 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 Unloading mechanism, recovery unit and recovery plant Active CN215325619U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121655052.4U CN215325619U (en) 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 Unloading mechanism, recovery unit and recovery plant

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121655052.4U CN215325619U (en) 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 Unloading mechanism, recovery unit and recovery plant

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215325619U true CN215325619U (en) 2021-12-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121655052.4U Active CN215325619U (en) 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 Unloading mechanism, recovery unit and recovery plant

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215325619U (en)

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