CN215312177U - Fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production - Google Patents

Fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215312177U
CN215312177U CN202121403383.9U CN202121403383U CN215312177U CN 215312177 U CN215312177 U CN 215312177U CN 202121403383 U CN202121403383 U CN 202121403383U CN 215312177 U CN215312177 U CN 215312177U
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China
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fertilizer
face
extrusion
stoving case
movable plate
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CN202121403383.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
仲琴根
任峰
钱晓雨
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Jiangxi Hewang Biotechnology Co ltd
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Jiangxi Hewang Biotechnology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a fertilizer granulating device for organic fertilizer production, which structurally comprises an extruding mechanism and a drying mechanism, wherein fertilizer is put into a stirring barrel through a feed inlet, a rotating motor drives a rotating rod to rotate, then stirring blades stir the fertilizer, the stirred fertilizer passes through the lower end of a screening net and is stirred by a stirring rod, then the fertilizer enters the extruding barrel through a discharge outlet, a hydraulic cylinder pushes a push plate to extrude the fertilizer through a forming hole, the fertilizer is cut by a blade and falls into the upper end of a conveying belt, then is heated and dried by a heating pipe, and then is discharged through a discharge outlet, so that the problems that the subsequent granulation is blocked easily caused by the fact that large fertilizer is not screened in the granulating process of the conventional fertilizer granulating device are solved, and the fertilizer granulating device is self-broken in the extruding and breaking process, the subsequent granules are different in size, and humidity exists in the extruding process, the problem that the separation of particles is not easy due to the viscosity is easily generated in the transportation after the granulation.

Description

Fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of fertilizer production, in particular to a fertilizer granulating device for organic fertilizer production.
Background
Fertilizer prilling granulator is one kind and is used for in the organic fertilizer production process, after fertilizer powder production finishes, to organic fertilizer granulation production, the procedure such as bagging-off and stoving of the later stage production step of being convenient for, the later stage transportation of being convenient for, improve the application convenience of organic fertilizer in the agricultural production process, it has extensive use in organic fertilizer production field, but current fertilizer prilling granulator is carrying out the in-process of granulation easily because do not filter the follow-up granulation that leads to blockking up to bulk fertilizer, and be the auto-break at crowded disconnected in-process, lead to follow-up granule not of uniform size, and because there is humidity in extrusion process, it makes the granule separation difficult to produce viscosity in the transportation after the granulation is accomplished easily.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Technical problem to be solved
In order to overcome prior art not enough, now provide a fertilizer prilling granulator for organic fertilizer production to solve current fertilizer prilling granulator and be carrying out the in-process of granulation easily because do not sieve the bold fertilizer and lead to follow-up granulation to produce the jam, and be the self-breaking at crowded disconnected in-process, lead to follow-up granule not of uniform size, because there is humidity in extrusion process moreover, produce viscosity in the transportation after the granulation is accomplished easily and make the difficult problem of granule separation.
(II) technical scheme
The utility model is realized by the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a fertilizer granulating device for producing organic fertilizers, which comprises a mixing drum, wherein a discharge hole is formed in the bottom end of the mixing drum, an electromagnetic valve is arranged in the discharge hole, supporting legs are arranged at the bottom end of the mixing drum, an extrusion mechanism is arranged at the bottom end of the discharge hole, and a drying mechanism is arranged on the side end face of the extrusion mechanism;
the extrusion mechanism comprises an extrusion barrel arranged on the outer end face, a hydraulic cylinder is arranged at the side end of the extrusion barrel, the output end of the hydraulic cylinder penetrates through the extrusion barrel and is connected with a pushing plate, a feed inlet is formed in the upper end face of the extrusion barrel, the upper end of the feed inlet is connected with a discharge outlet, a forming plate is arranged at the other side end of the extrusion barrel, a forming hole is formed in the forming plate, a movable plate is arranged on the outer end face of the forming plate, a chute is formed in the inner end face of the movable plate, a movable plate is arranged in the movable plate, blades are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the movable plate, a slide rail is arranged on the side end face of the movable plate, the movable plate is in sliding connection with the chute through the slide rail, an electric push rod is arranged at the top end of the movable plate, and the electric push rod is fixedly connected with the extrusion barrel through a fixed frame;
drying mechanism is including setting up in the stoving case of outer end, stoving case side end face and supporting legs fixed connection, stoving case top end face is provided with the material dropping mouth, stoving case side end face is provided with the discharge port, the inside up end of stoving incasement is provided with the heating tank, the heating tank is inside to be provided with the heating pipe, stoving incasement portion is provided with the live-rollers, and the live-rollers passes through the bearing and is connected with the stoving case rotation, the outer end face of live-rollers is provided with the transmission band, the outer end face of stoving case is provided with the motor, and motor output shaft runs through the stoving case and is connected with the live-rollers.
Further, churn side end face is provided with the controller, churn top end face side is provided with the charge door, churn top end face is provided with the motor case, the inside rotation motor that is provided with of motor case, it runs through the churn and is connected with the dwang to rotate the motor output shaft, the dwang lower extreme is provided with the poking bar.
Furthermore, the top end face of the motor box is provided with air holes.
Further, the dwang upper end is provided with the stirring leaf, and the inside upper end of churn is provided with fixed fence, the inside screening net that is provided with of fixed fence, fixed column is located stirring leaf lower extreme.
Furthermore, the material dropping opening is positioned at the right lower end of the forming plate, and the aperture of the material dropping opening is larger than that of the extrusion cylinder.
Furthermore, a protection plate is arranged between the side end of the movable plate and the top end of the material dropping opening.
Furthermore, the inner end surface of the molding hole is arc-shaped.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1. through set up stirring leaf and screening net in the dwang upper end, smash bold fertilizer piece to avoid omitting to some extent at the stirring in-process through the screening net, cause subsequent granulation in-process again, make the device extrude inconveniently, lead to blockking up the problem of granulation export even.
2. According to the utility model, the pushing plate is pushed by the hydraulic cylinder to extrude the fertilizer in the extrusion cylinder, so that the fertilizer passes through the forming hole and is cut by the blade driven by the electric push rod, and the subsequent situation that the fertilizer is automatically broken to cause different sizes of particles is avoided.
3. According to the utility model, the fertilizer particles on the conveying belt are heated and dried by the heating pipes in the heating grooves, so that the problem that the quality is affected by insects and the like caused by extrusion deformation and dampness of the fertilizer in the subsequent conveying process due to the influence of humidity in the particles is avoided.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the utility model will become more apparent upon reading of the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the extruding mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the internal structure of the extruding mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the drying mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the front internal structure of the drying mechanism according to the present invention;
in the figure: a mixing drum-1, a controller-2, a feed inlet-3, a motor box-4, an air vent-5, a rotating motor-6, a rotating rod-7, a mixing blade-8, a fixed fence-9, a screening net-10, a mixing rod-11, a discharge outlet-12, an electromagnetic valve-13, an extrusion mechanism-14, a supporting leg-15, a drying mechanism-16, a protective plate-17, an extrusion drum-1401, a hydraulic cylinder-1402, a push plate-1403, a feed inlet-1404, a forming plate-1405, a forming hole-1406, a movable plate-1407, a movable plate-1408, a blade-1409, an electric push rod-1410, a chute-1411, a slide rail-1412, a drying box-1601, a discharge outlet-1602, a discharge outlet-1603, a discharge outlet-1407, a movable plate-1408, a blade-1409, a blade, a slide way-1411, a slide rail-1412, a drying box-1601, a drying box, A heating groove-1604, a heating pipe-1605, a rotating roller-1606, a transmission belt-1607, a bearing-1608 and a motor-1609.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the utility model and are not intended to limit the utility model.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the utility model provides a fertilizer granulating device for organic fertilizer production, which comprises a mixing drum 1, wherein a discharge port 12 is arranged at the bottom end of the mixing drum 1, an electromagnetic valve 13 is arranged inside the discharge port 12, supporting legs 15 are arranged at the bottom end of the mixing drum 1, an extrusion mechanism 14 is arranged at the bottom end of the discharge port 12, and a drying mechanism 16 is arranged on the end surface of the side of the extrusion mechanism 14;
the extrusion mechanism 14 comprises an extrusion cylinder 1401 arranged on the outer end surface, a hydraulic cylinder 1402 is arranged at the side end of the extrusion cylinder 1401, the output end of the hydraulic cylinder 1402 penetrates through the extrusion cylinder 1401 and is connected with a pushing plate 1403, a feed inlet 1404 is arranged on the upper end surface of the extrusion cylinder 1401, the upper end of the feed inlet 1404 is connected with a discharge outlet 12, a forming plate 1405 is arranged at the other side end of the extrusion cylinder 1401, a forming hole 1406 is arranged inside the forming plate 1405, a movable plate 1407 is arranged on the outer end surface of the forming plate 1405, a sliding chute 1411 is arranged on the inner end surface of the movable plate 1407, a movable plate 1408 is arranged inside the movable plate 1407, blades 1409 are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the movable plate 1408, a sliding rail 1412 is arranged on the side end surface of the movable plate 1408, the movable plate 1408 is slidably connected with the sliding chute 1411 through the sliding rail 1412, an electric push rod 1410 is arranged at the top end of the movable plate 1408, and the electric push rod 1410 is fixedly connected with the extrusion cylinder 1401 through a fixed frame;
drying mechanism 16 is including setting up in the stoving case 1601 of outer end, stoving case 1601 side end face and supporting legs 15 fixed connection, stoving case 1601 top end face is provided with blanking mouth 1602, stoving case 1601 side end face is provided with discharge port 1603, the inside up end of stoving case 1601 is provided with heating groove 1604, heating groove 1604 is inside to be provided with heating pipe 1605, stoving case 1601 is inside to be provided with live-rollers 1606, and live-rollers 1606 rotates with stoving case 1601 through bearing 1608 and is connected, the outer terminal surface of live-rollers 1606 is provided with transmission band 1607, the outer terminal surface of stoving case 1601 is provided with motor 1609, and the output shaft of motor 1609 runs through stoving case 1601 and is connected with live-rollers 1606.
Wherein, 1 side end face of churn is provided with controller 2, and 1 top end face side of churn is provided with charge door 3, and 1 top end face of churn is provided with motor case 4, and motor case 4 is inside to be provided with and to rotate motor 6, and the output shaft of rotating motor 6 runs through churn 1 and is connected with dwang 7, and the dwang 7 lower extreme is provided with poking bar 11, and the fertilizer of being convenient for gets into from the upper end to drive dwang 7 through rotating motor 6 and stir fertilizer, make the compliance between the fertilizer more, more laminating.
Wherein, motor case 4 top terminal surface is provided with bleeder vent 5, avoids rotating motor 6 in the middle of permanent use, is heated too much, does not in time dispel the heat and leads to rotating motor 6 to damage.
Wherein, 7 upper ends of dwang are provided with stirring leaf 8, and 1 inside upper ends of churn are provided with fixed fence 9, and the inside screening net 10 that is provided with of fixed fence 9, and fixed fence 9 is located stirring leaf 8 lower extremes, is convenient for smash massive fertilizer, avoids omitting to some extent at the stirring in-process, causes subsequent granulation in-process again for the device extrudes inconveniently, leads to blockking up the problem of granulation export even.
The material dropping port 1602 is located at the lower end of the molding plate 1405, the aperture of the material dropping port 1602 is larger than that of the extrusion cylinder 1401, so that fertilizer can fall into the upper end of the transmission belt 1607 after being cut by the blade 1409, and the problem that the fertilizer does not fall into the upper end of the transmission belt 1607 due to the fact that the aperture of the material dropping port 1602 is too small is avoided.
The protection plate 17 is disposed between the side end of the movable plate 1407 and the top end of the material dropping opening 1602, so that after the fertilizer is cut, particles do not fall into the material dropping opening 1602 due to cutting stress, and fall into the outer end of the material dropping opening 1602 instead, resulting in positional deviation.
The inner end surfaces of the molding holes 1406 are arc-shaped, so that fertilizer can be conveniently extruded through the molding holes 1406, and the extrusion molding speed of the fertilizer is increased.
The working principle is as follows: the user firstly electrically connects the controller 2, the rotating motor 6, the electromagnetic valve 13, the hydraulic cylinder 1402, the electric push rod 1410, the heating pipe 1605 and the motor 1609, then the waste material is poured into the stirring cylinder 1 through the charging opening 3, then the rotating motor 6 in the motor box 4 is started to drive the rotating rod 7 to rotate, so that the rotating rod 7 drives the stirring blade 8 to stir and crush the massive fertilizer particles, then the small fertilizer is screened through the screening net 10 and enters the lower end, then the stirring rod 11 stirs under the action, the fertilizer is discharged into the extrusion cylinder from the discharge port 12 and the feed port 1404 through the electromagnetic valve 13, then the pushing plate 1403 is pushed by the starting hydraulic cylinder 1402 to extrude the fertilizer, the fertilizer passes through the forming holes 1401 on the forming plate 1405 to form strips, then the blade 1409 on the moving plate 1408 is driven to cut the fertilizer through the electric push rod 1410, the cut fertilizer enters the conveying belt 1607 in the drying box 1601 through the discharge port 1602, and then dried under the heating pipe 1605 inside the heating tank 1604 during the re-conveying process, and then discharged through the discharge port 1603, thereby completing the work.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the utility model. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in the above embodiments and the description, and are not intended to limit the present invention. The scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production, includes churn (1), churn (1) bottom is provided with discharge gate (12), inside solenoid valve (13) that are provided with of discharge gate (12), churn (1) bottom is provided with supporting legs (15), its characterized in that: the bottom end of the discharge hole (12) is provided with an extrusion mechanism (14), and the side end face of the extrusion mechanism (14) is provided with a drying mechanism (16);
the extrusion mechanism (14) comprises an extrusion barrel (1401) arranged on the outer end face, a hydraulic cylinder (1402) is arranged at the side end of the extrusion barrel (1401), the output end of the hydraulic cylinder (1402) penetrates through the extrusion barrel (1401) and is connected with a push plate (1403), a feed inlet (1404) is formed in the upper end face of the extrusion barrel (1401), the upper end of the feed inlet (1404) is connected with a discharge outlet (12), a forming plate (1405) is arranged at the other side end of the extrusion barrel (1401), a forming hole (1406) is formed in the forming plate (1405), a movable plate (1407) is arranged on the outer end face of the forming plate (1405), a sliding groove (1411) is formed in the inner end face of the movable plate (1407), a movable plate (1408) is arranged in the movable plate (1407), blades (1409) are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the movable plate (1408), and slide rails (1412) are arranged on the side end face of the movable plate (1408), the moving plate (1408) is connected with the chute (1411) in a sliding mode through a sliding rail (1412), an electric push rod (1410) is arranged at the top end of the moving plate (1408), and the electric push rod (1410) is fixedly connected with the extrusion cylinder (1401) through a fixing frame;
drying mechanism (16) is including setting up in stoving case (1601) of outer end, stoving case (1601) side end face and supporting legs (15) fixed connection, stoving case (1601) top end face is provided with blanking mouth (1602), stoving case (1601) side end face is provided with discharge port (1603), the inside up end of stoving case (1601) is provided with heating groove (1604), heating groove (1604) inside is provided with heating pipe (1605), stoving case (1601) inside is provided with live-rollers (1606), and live-rollers (1606) rotate with stoving case (1601) through bearing (1608) and be connected, the outer terminal surface of live-rollers (1606) is provided with transmission band (1607), the outer terminal surface of stoving case (1601) is provided with motor (1609), and motor (1609) output shaft runs through case (1601) and is connected with live-rollers (1606).
2. The fertilizer granulation apparatus for organic fertilizer production according to claim 1, characterized in that: the side end face of the mixing drum (1) is provided with a controller (2), the side end of the top end face of the mixing drum (1) is provided with a feed inlet (3), the top end face of the mixing drum (1) is provided with a motor box (4), a rotating motor (6) is arranged inside the motor box (4), an output shaft of the rotating motor (6) penetrates through the mixing drum (1) and is connected with a rotating rod (7), and a mixing rod (11) is arranged at the lower end of the rotating rod (7).
3. The fertilizer granulation apparatus for organic fertilizer production according to claim 2, characterized in that: and the top end surface of the motor box (4) is provided with an air hole (5).
4. The fertilizer granulation apparatus for organic fertilizer production according to claim 2, characterized in that: dwang (7) upper end is provided with stirring leaf (8), and is provided with fixed fence (9) on the inside of churn (1), fixed fence (9) inside is provided with screening net (10), fixed fence (9) are located stirring leaf (8) lower extreme.
5. The fertilizer granulation apparatus for organic fertilizer production according to claim 1, characterized in that: the material dropping port (1602) is located at the lower end of the forming plate (1405), and the aperture of the material dropping port (1602) is larger than that of the extrusion cylinder (1401).
6. The fertilizer granulation apparatus for organic fertilizer production according to claim 1, characterized in that: and a protection plate (17) is arranged between the side end of the movable plate (1407) and the top end of the discharging port (1602).
7. The fertilizer granulation apparatus for organic fertilizer production according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner end surface of the molding hole (1406) is arc-shaped.
CN202121403383.9U 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 Fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production Active CN215312177U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121403383.9U CN215312177U (en) 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 Fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121403383.9U CN215312177U (en) 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 Fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215312177U true CN215312177U (en) 2021-12-28

Family

ID=79560735

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121403383.9U Active CN215312177U (en) 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 Fertilizer prilling granulator is used in organic fertilizer production

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215312177U (en)

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