CN215311199U - Dust collector for construction - Google Patents

Dust collector for construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215311199U
CN215311199U CN202121197668.1U CN202121197668U CN215311199U CN 215311199 U CN215311199 U CN 215311199U CN 202121197668 U CN202121197668 U CN 202121197668U CN 215311199 U CN215311199 U CN 215311199U
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fixedly connected
shell
water
side wall
dust
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CN202121197668.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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王胡文
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王胡文
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of building construction, and particularly relates to a dust removal device for building construction, which comprises a shell, a dust hood and a dust collection assembly; a pair of clapboards is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the shell; the dust hood is rotatably connected to the top of the shell; the dust collection assembly is arranged inside the shell; the dust collection assembly comprises an exhaust fan, a filter screen, a material receiving box and a cleaning mechanism; the exhaust fan is fixedly connected to the top of the shell, the input end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe, and the output end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe; the filter screen is fixedly connected to the side wall of the partition plate; the material receiving box is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell; the air inlet pipe is communicated with the dust hood; the air outlet pipe is communicated with the interior of the shell; the cleaning mechanism is arranged inside the shell; the filter screen used for a long time is cleaned through the cleaning mechanism, so that the filtering effect of the filter screen is ensured, and the trouble of manually replacing the filter screen is avoided.

Description

Dust collector for construction
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a dust removal device for building construction.
Background
A large amount of dust can be produced in the building construction process, and the dust can fill the working environment of constructors, can cause lung diseases of the constructors in the past and has great threat to the health of the constructors.
Among the prior art at present, traditional building site removes dust and adopts dry-type dust removal, goes on through suction fan and filter screen promptly, but traditional dust collector need change the filter screen after working a period, and the filter screen number of times is changed to the big environment of especially dust increases, and is very inconvenient, consequently, provides a dust collector for construction to above-mentioned problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to make up for the defects of the prior art and solve the problems that the traditional dust removal device needs to replace a filter screen after working for a period of time, and the filter screen replacement times are increased particularly in environments with large dust, so that the traditional dust removal device is very inconvenient.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model for solving the technical problems is as follows: the utility model relates to a dust removal device for building construction, which comprises a shell, a dust hood and a dust collection assembly; a pair of clapboards is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the shell; the dust hood is rotatably connected to the top of the shell; the dust collection assembly is arranged inside the shell; the dust collection assembly comprises an exhaust fan, a filter screen, a material receiving box and a cleaning mechanism; the exhaust fan is fixedly connected to the top of the shell, the input end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe, and the output end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe; the filter screen is fixedly connected to the side wall of the partition plate; the material receiving box is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell; the air inlet pipe is communicated with the dust hood; the air outlet pipe is communicated with the interior of the shell; the cleaning mechanism is arranged inside the shell; after the filter screen is used for a long time, the filter screen is cleaned through the cleaning mechanism, so that the filtering effect of the filter screen is ensured, and the trouble of manually replacing the filter screen is avoided.
Preferably, the cleaning mechanism comprises a motor, a screw rod and a sliding block; the motor is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the shell; the screw rod is fixedly connected to the output end of the motor; the sliding block is sleeved on the outer side wall of the screw rod and is connected with the screw rod through a ball screw nut pair, and the bottom of the sliding block is fixedly connected with a cleaning brush; the cleaning brush is contacted with the filter screen; when the filter screen is cleaned, the motor drives the screw rod to rotate forwards and backwards, and the sliding block is sleeved on the outer side wall of the screw rod, so that the sliding block drives the cleaning brush to slide, and the filter screen is cleaned through the cleaning brush.
Preferably, a spraying mechanism is arranged inside the shell; the spraying mechanism comprises a water tank, a first water pump and a water spraying nozzle; the water tank is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell; the first water pump is fixedly connected to the top of the water tank, the output end of the first water pump is fixedly connected with a first water outlet pipe, and the input end of the first water pump is fixedly connected with a first water inlet pipe; the water spray nozzle is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the shell; the first water inlet pipe is communicated with the inside of the water tank; the first water outlet pipe is communicated with a water spray nozzle; when the dust fall during operation that carries out construction place, start first water pump for the inside clear water of water tank sprays to the external environment by the water spout, thereby carries out the watering dust removal to the external environment.
Preferably, a plurality of spray heads are fixedly connected to the side wall of the sliding block; a second water pump is fixedly connected to the top of the water tank; the input end of the second water pump is fixedly connected with a second water inlet pipe, and the output end of the second water pump is fixedly connected with a second water outlet pipe; the second water inlet pipe is communicated with the inside of the water tank; the second water outlet pipe is communicated with the spray head; through starting the second water pump for the inside clear water of water tank is carried to the shower nozzle, sprays to the filter screen surface through the shower nozzle, makes the brush better to the clean effect of filter screen.
Preferably, a straight rod is fixedly connected to the side wall of the partition plate; the straight rod penetrates through the sliding block and is in sliding fit with the inner side wall of the sliding block; an electric push rod is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell; the side wall of the dust hood at the output end of the electric push rod is contacted; the straight rod plays limiting displacement to the slider, guarantees the slip of slider on the lead screw, and electric push rod tip promotes the suction hood and rotates, adjusts the opening angle of suction hood.
Preferably, the top of the shell is fixedly connected with a water replenishing pipe, and the bottom of the shell is fixedly connected with a universal wheel; the water replenishing pipe is communicated with the inside of the water tank; through set up the moisturizing pipe at the casing top, realize the moisturizing work to the water tank, the universal wheel of casing bottom makes things convenient for the removal of device.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. according to the utility model, the outer dust of the construction site is absorbed through the matching work of the shell, the partition plate, the dust hood, the exhaust fan, the air inlet pipe, the air outlet pipe, the filter screen and the material receiving box, and after the filter screen is used for a long time, the filter screen is cleaned through the cleaning mechanism, so that the trouble of manually replacing the filter screen is avoided, and the service life of the filter screen is prolonged;
2. according to the utility model, when the dust-settling work of a construction site is carried out, the first water pump is started, so that water in the water tank is conveyed to the first water outlet pipe through the first water inlet pipe, and clear water in the first water outlet pipe is sprayed to the external environment through the water spray nozzle, so that water is sprayed to the external environment for dust removal, and the effect of assisting dust settling is further achieved on the construction site.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without inventive exercise.
FIG. 1 is a partial cross-sectional view of a first embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the first embodiment;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at A;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at B;
fig. 5 is a schematic three-dimensional structure diagram of a dust hood according to a second embodiment.
In the figure: 1. a housing; 11. a partition plate; 12. an electric push rod; 13. a water replenishing pipe; 14. a universal wheel; 2. a dust hood; 21. screening a screen; 3. a dust collection assembly; 31. an exhaust fan; 311. an air inlet pipe; 312. an air outlet pipe; 32. a filter screen; 33. a material receiving box; 34. a cleaning mechanism; 341. a motor; 342. a screw rod; 343. a slider; 344. cleaning the brush; 345. a spray head; 346. a straight rod; 4. a spraying mechanism; 41. a water tank; 42. a first water pump; 421. a first water outlet pipe; 422. a first water inlet pipe; 43. a water spray nozzle; 44. a second water pump; 441. a second water inlet pipe; 442. and a second water outlet pipe.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1-4, a dust removing apparatus for building construction includes a housing 1, a dust hood 2 and a dust collecting assembly 3; a pair of clapboards 11 is fixedly connected on the inner side wall of the shell 1; the dust hood 2 is rotatably connected to the top of the shell 1; the dust collection assembly 3 is arranged inside the shell 1; the dust suction assembly 3 comprises a suction fan 31, a filter screen 32, a material receiving box 33 and a cleaning mechanism 34; the exhaust fan 31 is fixedly connected to the top of the shell 1, the input end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe 311, and the output end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe 312; the filter screen 32 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the partition board 11; the material receiving box 33 is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell 1; the air inlet pipe 311 is communicated with the dust hood 2; the air outlet pipe 312 is communicated with the interior of the shell 1; the cleaning mechanism 34 is arranged inside the housing 1; the during operation, when carrying out dust removal work to the construction site, pour into the clear water into to material receiving box 33, start air exhauster 31, make the raise dust of external environment get into intake pipe 311 via suction hood 2, the raise dust drops on the filter screen 32 of casing 1 inside after through outlet duct 312, filter screen 32 filters the dust, the dust that drops from filter screen 32 falls in the clear water of material receiving box 33, and then the completion is to the collection of dust, after filter screen 32 is used for a long time, clean filter screen 32 through clean mechanism 34, thereby guarantee the clean effect of filter screen 32, the trouble of artifical change filter screen 32 has been avoided.
The cleaning mechanism 34 includes a motor 341, a screw 342, and a slider 343; the motor 341 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the housing 1; the screw rod 342 is fixedly connected with the output end of the motor 341; the sliding block 343 is sleeved on the outer side wall of the screw rod 342 and is connected with the screw rod 342 through a ball screw nut pair, and the bottom of the sliding block 343 is fixedly connected with a cleaning brush 344; the cleaning brush 344 is in contact with the filter mesh 32; during operation, when the filter screen 32 is cleaned, the motor 341 is started, the motor 341 drives the screw rod 342 to rotate forward and backward, the sliding block 343 is sleeved on the outer side wall of the screw rod 342 and is connected with the screw rod 342 through a ball screw nut pair, so that the sliding block 343 drives the cleaning brush 344 to slide, and the cleaning brush 344 cleans the filter screen 32.
A spraying mechanism 4 is arranged inside the shell 1; the spraying mechanism 4 comprises a water tank 41, a first water pump 42 and a water spray nozzle 43; the water tank 41 is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell 1; the first water pump 42 is fixedly connected to the top of the water tank 41, the output end is fixedly connected with a first water outlet pipe 421, and the input end is fixedly connected with a first water inlet pipe 422; the water spray nozzle 43 is fixedly connected on the outer side wall of the shell 1; the first water inlet pipe 422 is communicated with the inside of the water tank 41; the first water outlet pipe 421 is communicated with the water spray nozzle 43; the during operation, when carrying out the dust fall during operation in construction place, start first water pump 42 for the inside water of water tank 41 is carried to first outlet pipe 421 by first inlet tube 422, and the inside clear water of first outlet pipe 421 is sprayed to external environment by water spout 43, thereby carries out the watering dust removal to external environment.
A plurality of nozzles 345 are fixedly connected to the side wall of the sliding block 343; a second water pump 44 is fixedly connected to the top of the water tank 41; the input end of the second water pump 44 is fixedly connected with a second water inlet pipe 441, and the output end is fixedly connected with a second water outlet pipe 442; the second water inlet pipe 441 is communicated with the inside of the water tank 41; the second water outlet pipe 442 is communicated with the spray head 345; in operation, when the filter screen 32 is cleaned, the second water pump 44 is started, and the clean water in the water tank 41 is delivered to the spray head 345 through the second water inlet pipe 441 and the second water outlet pipe 442, and is sprayed to the surface of the filter screen 32 by the spray head 345, so that the brush has a better cleaning effect on the filter screen 32.
A straight rod 346 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the partition plate 11; the straight rod 346 penetrates through the sliding block 343 and is in sliding fit with the inner side wall of the sliding block 343; an electric push rod 12 is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell 1; the side wall of the dust hood 2 at the output end of the electric push rod 12 is contacted; during operation, through set up straight-bar 346 on 11 lateral walls of baffle for straight-bar 346 plays limiting displacement to slider 343, guarantees the slip of slider 343 on lead screw 342, starts electric push rod 12, makes 12 tip promotion suction hood 2 of electric push rod rotate, and then adjusts the opening angle of suction hood 2.
The top of the shell 1 is fixedly connected with a water replenishing pipe 13, and the bottom of the shell is fixedly connected with a universal wheel 14; the water replenishing pipe 13 is communicated with the inside of the water tank 41; during operation, the water replenishing pipe 13 is arranged at the top of the shell 1, so that the water replenishing operation of the water tank 41 is realized, and the universal wheels 14 at the bottom of the shell 1 facilitate the movement of the device.
Example two
Referring to fig. 5, in a first comparative example, as another embodiment of the present invention, a screen 21 is fixed on an inner sidewall of the dust hood 2; during operation, set up screen cloth 21 through 2 inside walls at the dust hood to avoid construction site's rubble to get into inside 2 dust hoods, play the guard action to dust hood 2.
The working principle is that when dust removal work is carried out on a construction site, clean water is injected into the material receiving box 33, the exhaust fan 31 is started, dust in the external environment enters the air inlet pipe 311 through the dust hood 2, the dust falls on the filter screen 32 in the shell 1 after passing through the air outlet pipe 312, the filter screen 32 filters the dust, the dust falling from the filter screen 32 falls in the clean water in the material receiving box 33, and then dust collection is completed, after the filter screen 32 is used for a long time, the motor 341 and the second water pump 44 are started, the motor 341 drives the screw rod 342 to rotate positively and negatively, the sliding block 343 is sleeved on the outer side wall of the screw rod 342 and is connected with the screw rod 342 as a ball screw nut pair, the straight rod 346 plays a limiting role on the sliding block 343, so that the sliding block 343 drives the cleaning brush 344 to slide, the cleaning brush 344 cleans the filter screen 32, the clean water in the water tank 41 is conveyed to the spray head 345 through the second water inlet pipe 441 and the second water outlet pipe 442 by the second water pump 44, the brush is sprayed to the surface of the filter screen 32 by the spray head 345, so that the cleaning effect of the brush on the filter screen 32 is better, thereby ensuring the cleaning effect of the filter screen 32, avoiding the trouble of manually replacing the filter screen 32, when the dust-settling work of a construction site is carried out, the first water pump 42 is started, so that the water in the water tank 41 is conveyed to the first water outlet pipe 421 by the first water inlet pipe 422, the clear water in the first water outlet pipe 421 is sprayed to the external environment by the water spray nozzle 43, thereby carrying out water spraying and dust removing on the external environment, when the opening angle of the dust hood 2 needs to be adjusted, the electric push rod 12 is started, the electric push rod 12 pushes the dust hood 2 to rotate, further adjusting the opening angle of the dust hood 2, the screen 21 is arranged on the inner side wall of the dust hood 2, thereby preventing the gravels in the construction site from entering the dust hood 2, playing a protection role in protecting the dust hood 2, the water replenishing pipe 13 at the top of the shell 1 is used for replenishing water to the water tank 41, universal wheels 14 at the bottom of the housing 1 facilitate movement of the device.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the utility model. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the utility model. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the utility model as claimed.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a dust collector for construction which characterized in that: comprises a shell (1), a dust hood (2) and a dust collection component (3); a pair of clapboards (11) is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the shell (1); the dust hood (2) is rotatably connected to the top of the shell (1); the dust collection assembly (3) is arranged inside the shell (1);
the dust collection component (3) comprises an exhaust fan (31), a filter screen (32), a material receiving box (33) and a cleaning mechanism (34); the exhaust fan (31) is fixedly connected to the top of the shell (1), the input end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe (311), and the output end of the exhaust fan is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe (312); the filter screen (32) is fixedly connected to the side wall of the clapboard (11); the material receiving box (33) is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell (1); the air inlet pipe (311) is communicated with the dust hood (2); the air outlet pipe (312) is communicated with the interior of the shell (1); the cleaning mechanism (34) is arranged inside the housing (1).
2. The dust removing device for building construction according to claim 1, wherein: the cleaning mechanism (34) comprises a motor (341), a screw rod (342) and a sliding block (343); the motor (341) is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the shell (1); the screw rod (342) is fixedly connected with the output end of the motor (341); the sliding block (343) is sleeved on the outer side wall of the screw rod (342) and is connected with the screw rod (342) through a ball screw nut pair, and the bottom of the sliding block (343) is fixedly connected with a cleaning brush (344); the cleaning brush (344) is in contact with the filter screen (32).
3. The dust removing device for building construction according to claim 2, wherein: a spraying mechanism (4) is arranged in the shell (1); the spraying mechanism (4) comprises a water tank (41), a first water pump (42) and a water spraying nozzle (43); the water tank (41) is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell (1); the first water pump (42) is fixedly connected to the top of the water tank (41), the output end of the first water pump is fixedly connected with a first water outlet pipe (421), and the input end of the first water pump is fixedly connected with a first water inlet pipe (422); the water spray nozzle (43) is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the shell (1); the first water inlet pipe (422) is communicated with the inside of the water tank (41); the first water outlet pipe (421) is communicated with the water spray nozzle (43).
4. The dust removing device for building construction according to claim 3, wherein: a plurality of spray heads (345) are fixedly connected to the side wall of the sliding block (343); a second water pump (44) is fixedly connected to the top of the water tank (41); the input end of the second water pump (44) is fixedly connected with a second water inlet pipe (441), and the output end of the second water pump is fixedly connected with a second water outlet pipe (442); the second water inlet pipe (441) is communicated with the inside of the water tank (41); the second water outlet pipe (442) is communicated with the spray head (345).
5. The dust removing device for building construction according to claim 4, wherein: a straight rod (346) is fixedly connected to the side wall of the partition plate (11); the straight rod (346) penetrates through the sliding block (343) and is in sliding fit with the inner side wall of the sliding block (343); an electric push rod (12) is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the bottom end of the shell (1); the side wall of the dust hood (2) is contacted with the output end of the electric push rod (12).
6. The dust removing device for building construction according to claim 5, wherein: the top of the shell (1) is fixedly connected with a water replenishing pipe (13), and the bottom of the shell is fixedly connected with a universal wheel (14); the water supplementing pipe (13) is communicated with the inside of the water tank (41).
CN202121197668.1U 2021-05-31 2021-05-31 Dust collector for construction Active CN215311199U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121197668.1U CN215311199U (en) 2021-05-31 2021-05-31 Dust collector for construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121197668.1U CN215311199U (en) 2021-05-31 2021-05-31 Dust collector for construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215311199U true CN215311199U (en) 2021-12-28

Family

ID=79549548

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121197668.1U Active CN215311199U (en) 2021-05-31 2021-05-31 Dust collector for construction

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215311199U (en)

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