CN215249357U - Forklift truck - Google Patents

Forklift truck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215249357U
CN215249357U CN202120705870.4U CN202120705870U CN215249357U CN 215249357 U CN215249357 U CN 215249357U CN 202120705870 U CN202120705870 U CN 202120705870U CN 215249357 U CN215249357 U CN 215249357U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shovel
goods
forklift
pin shaft
portal
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN202120705870.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李志军
王丙祥
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Weichai Power Co Ltd
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Weichai Power Co Ltd
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Application filed by Weichai Power Co Ltd filed Critical Weichai Power Co Ltd
Priority to CN202120705870.4U priority Critical patent/CN215249357U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an engineering machine tool technical field especially relates to a fork truck. Comprises a vehicle body; the door frame is arranged at the front part of the vehicle body, and a first pin shaft seat is arranged on the door frame; the at least two cargo shovels can be rotatably connected with the portal frame, and second pin shaft seats are arranged on the cargo shovels; the connecting shaft penetrates through the first pin shaft seat and the second pin shaft seat so as to rotatably connect the portal frame and the cargo shovel; the pressure detector is arranged on the portal frame or the goods shovel, and when the forklift works, the pressure detector is used for detecting the pressure applied to the portal frame by each goods shovel. Be provided with first round pin axle bed on the portal, be provided with second round pin axle bed on the shovel of goods, connect the axle and pass first round pin axle bed and second round pin axle bed in order to connect portal and shovel of goods, can make the shovel of goods rotate for the portal to the purpose that pressure detector can the pressurized realization detect. The pressure detector is arranged on the cargo shovel or the portal frame, so that the pressure applied by the cargo shovel can be detected, the detection is accurate, and the precision is high.

Description

Forklift truck
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an engineering machine tool technical field especially relates to a fork truck.
Background
Fork trucks are industrial handling vehicles, and refer to various wheeled handling vehicles that perform handling, stacking, and short-distance transport operations on piece pallet goods.
Fork truck often can meet irregular goods and be difficult to judge the focus's goods when the freight is shoveled at ordinary times, generally all rely on fork truck master's experience to judge the focus of goods, very easily take place the incident. When goods are stored at the high position of the goods shovel or the goods to be loaded do not have regular shapes, whether the goods are in unbalance loading or not and the unbalance loading degree are difficult to judge by naked eyes of people, and hidden dangers are buried for safety.
Although the goods unbalance loading degree is judged by detecting the pressure applied to the portal 2 by the two goods shovels in the prior art, the detection effect is poor due to the influence of the goods shovels and the portal structure, and the problem of unbalance loading can be solved only by detecting and debugging for multiple times.
Therefore, a forklift is needed to solve the above technical problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a fork truck, in time accurately detect when can realizing fork truck unbalance loading.
To achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical proposal:
provided is a forklift comprising:
a vehicle body;
the door frame is arranged at the front part of the vehicle body, and a first pin shaft seat is arranged on the door frame;
the at least two cargo shovels can be rotatably connected with the portal frame, and second pin shaft seats are arranged on the cargo shovels;
the connecting shaft penetrates through the first pin shaft seat and the second pin shaft seat so as to rotatably connect the portal frame and the cargo shovel;
the pressure detector is arranged on the portal frame or the goods shovel, and when the forklift works, the pressure detector is used for detecting the pressure applied to the portal frame by each goods shovel.
As a preferable technical scheme of the forklift, the cargo shovel comprises a fork arm and a connecting arm, the fork arm is connected with the connecting arm, and the pressure detector is arranged on the side part of the connecting arm, which is in contact with the portal frame.
As a preferable embodiment of the forklift, a side portion of the connecting arm is provided with a receiving groove for receiving the pressure detector.
As a preferable aspect of the forklift, the pressure detector is provided on a surface of a side portion of the connecting arm.
As an optimal technical scheme of the forklift, the connecting arm and the side part contacted with the portal frame are further provided with a limiting part, the limiting part is positioned below the second pin shaft seat, the portal frame is limited in the limiting part, and the goods shovel can swing in the front-back direction of the forklift.
As an optimal technical scheme of the forklift, the limiting part is provided with a limiting groove, a notch of the limiting groove is upwards arranged, and the bottom of the portal is arranged in the limiting groove.
As a preferable technical scheme of the forklift, the width of the limiting groove is larger than the thickness of the door frame.
As an optimal technical scheme of the forklift, two ends of the connecting shaft extend out of the first pin shaft seats, and two ends of the connecting shaft are respectively provided with anti-disengaging structures.
As a preferable technical scheme of the forklift, the anti-dropping structure is an anti-dropping pin, and the anti-dropping pin is inserted at two ends of the connecting shaft.
As a preferable technical solution of the forklift described above, the forklift further includes a pressure plate, one of the pressure plate and the pressure detector is provided on the mast, the other is provided on the shovel, and the pressure detector can abut against the pressure plate.
As an optimal technical scheme of the forklift, the first pin shaft seat and the side plate of the door frame are of an integrated structure.
The utility model discloses beneficial effect:
the utility model discloses in the fork truck that provides, be provided with first round pin axle bed on the portal, be provided with second round pin axle bed on the shovel, the connecting axle passes first round pin axle bed and second round pin axle bed in order to connect portal and shovel, can make the shovel of goods rotate for the portal, when the unbalance loading appears, the shovel of receiving heavier pressure can rotate, and turned angle is bigger to the purpose that the pressure detector can realize detecting by the pressurized. Pressure detector sets up on goods shovel or portal, can make pressure detector direct and goods shovel contact, the pressure that every goods shovel applied on the portal all can be detected out, and detect the accuracy, the precision is high, can make the driver learn goods unbalance loading degree directly perceivedly, the driver can apply the pressure on the portal according to every goods shovel that pressure detector detected and carry out the adjustment once to advancing shovel position, can prevent that fork truck during operation goods unbalance loading from causing the emergence of incident.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a forklift truck according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the connection between the shovel and the gantry at a first viewing angle;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the connection between the cargo shovel and the gantry at a second viewing angle.
In the figure:
1. a vehicle body; 2. a gantry; 21. a first pin shaft seat; 3. a cargo shovel; 31. a yoke; 32. a connecting arm; 321. a second pin shaft seat; 322. a limiting member; 4. a connecting shaft; 5. a pressure plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not limiting of the invention. It should be further noted that, for the convenience of description, only some of the structures related to the present invention are shown in the drawings, not all of the structures.
In the description of the present invention, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "connected," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning permanently connected, detachably connected, or integral to one another; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In the present disclosure, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may comprise direct contact between the first and second features, or may comprise contact between the first and second features not directly. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
In the description of the present embodiment, the terms "upper", "lower", "right", etc. are used in an orientation or positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings only for convenience of description and simplicity of operation, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used only for descriptive purposes and are not intended to have a special meaning.
The embodiment provides a forklift, the goods of this forklift is in the course of the work and takes place the slope, and forklift can detect out every shovel 3 and exert the pressure on portal 2 to make the driver can make the adjustment to the shovel position of advancing of shovel 3 according to the pressure that shovel 3 exerted on portal 2.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the forklift includes: the device comprises a vehicle body 1, a portal frame 2, a connecting shaft 4, at least two cargo shovels 3, a pressure detector and a pressure plate 5, wherein the portal frame 2 is arranged at the front part of the vehicle body 1, and a first pin shaft seat 21 is arranged on the portal frame 2; the cargo shovels 3 can be rotatably connected with the portal frame 2, and each cargo shovel 3 is provided with a second pin shaft seat 321; the connecting shaft 4 passes through the first pin shaft seat 21 and the second pin shaft seat 321 to rotatably connect the portal frame 2 and the shovel 3; pressure detectors are provided on the mast 2 or on the shovel 3 for detecting the pressure exerted by each shovel 3 on the mast 2 when the truck is in operation. Pressure detector sets up on goods shovel 3 in this embodiment, and goods shovel 3 and portal 2 combined action can make pressure detector detect the pressure that goods shovel applyed to the portal. Of course, in order to facilitate installation and installation of the pressure detector, in the present embodiment, the forklift further includes a pressure plate 5, and the pressure plate 5 is disposed on the gantry 2 and can abut against the pressure detector.
The fork truck that provides in this embodiment is provided with first round pin axle bed 21 on portal 2, is provided with second round pin axle bed 321 on the shovel 3, and connecting axle 4 passes first round pin axle bed 21 and second round pin axle bed 321 in order to connect portal 2 and shovel 3, can make shovel 3 rotate for portal 2, when the unbalance loading appears, shovel 3 that receives heavier pressure can rotate, and turned angle is bigger to the purpose that pressure detector can the pressurized realization detect. Pressure detector sets up on goods shovel 3 or portal 2, can make pressure detector direct and the contact of goods shovel 3, every goods shovel 3 pressure homoenergetic that applies on portal 2 can be detected out, and it is accurate to detect, the precision is high, can make the driver learn goods unbalance loading degree directly perceivedly, the driver can apply the pressure on portal 2 according to every goods shovel 3 that pressure detector detected and carry out adjustment once to advancing the shovel position, can prevent that fork truck during operation goods unbalance loading from causing the emergence of incident.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the shovel 3 preferably includes a fork arm 31 and a connecting arm 32, the fork arm 31 and the connecting arm 32 are vertically connected, and a pressure detector is provided on a side of the connecting arm 32 contacting the mast 2. The second pin boss 321 is provided at the side of the connecting arm 32. The pressure detector is arranged on the cargo shovel 3, and compared with the prior art, the detection precision can be improved. The pressure detector is arranged on the connecting arm 32, so that other auxiliary structures are omitted, and the installation is simpler and quicker. More specifically, in the present embodiment, the side portion of the connection arm 32 is provided with an accommodation groove that accommodates the pressure detector. But holding tank direct mount pressure detector, pressure detector find out the holding tank and can be extruded by the portal to simplify the mounting structure to pressure detector of goods shovel 3.
Of course, in other embodiments, the pressure detector is provided on the surface of the side of the connecting arm 32. Specifically, the pressure detector may be adhered to the side of the connecting arm 32, or the pressure detector may be fixed to the side of the connecting arm 32 by a fixing member.
The goods shovel 3 can move fast along with the forklift, when the forklift stops moving due to sudden braking, the goods shovel can vibrate greatly, it may happen that the cargo is dropped due to the turning of the shovel 3, which may seriously cause a safety accident, and for this reason, in this embodiment, a limiting member 322 is further disposed at the side of the connecting arm 32 contacting the mast 2, the limiting member 322 is located below the second pin shaft seat 321, the mast 2 is limited in the limiting member 322, the cargo shovel 3 can swing along the front-back direction of the forklift, the arrangement mode can prevent goods from falling off due to the larger distance between the shovel 3 and the portal frame 2, further ensure the safety of personnel and goods, meanwhile, the position limit of the position limit piece 322 and the door frame 2 needs to ensure that the cargo shovel 3 can slide along the direction of the connecting shaft 4 on the door frame 2, so that the distance between the two goods shovels 3 can be adjusted according to the size of the goods, and the forklift can meet the requirements of goods with different sizes. Preferably, in this embodiment, the limiting part 322 is provided with a limiting groove, that is, the limiting part 322 is an L-shaped structure, the notch of the limiting groove is arranged upwards, and the bottom of the portal frame 2 is arranged in the limiting groove, so as to ensure the stability of the connection between the cargo shovel 3 and the portal frame 2, and thus realize the detachable connection between the cargo shovel 3 and the portal frame 2.
In order to ensure the distance between the shovel 3 and the mast 2, the width of the limiting groove is greater than the thickness of the mast 2 in this embodiment.
The connecting shaft 4 may be separated from the first pin shaft seat 21 and the second pin shaft seat 321 due to vibration during operation, in order to improve the connection stability of the connecting shaft 4 and the first pin shaft seat 21 and the second pin shaft seat 321 and prevent the connecting shaft 4 from being separated, in this embodiment, the two ends of the connecting shaft 4 all extend out of the first pin shaft seat 21, and the two ends of the connecting shaft 4 are respectively provided with an anti-falling structure. More specifically, the anti-slip structure is an anti-slip pin, which is inserted at both ends of the connecting shaft 4. Of course, the anti-disengaging structure can also be an anti-disengaging cap, the anti-disengaging cap is sleeved at two ends of the connecting shaft 4, of course, the anti-disengaging cap can also be in threaded connection with two ends of the connecting shaft 4, and the diameter of the anti-disengaging cap is larger than that of the connecting shaft 4, so that the connecting shaft 4 is prevented from disengaging from the gantry 2.
In order to improve the installation efficiency of the forklift, the first pin shaft seat 21 and the side plate of the gantry 2 are of an integrated structure in the embodiment. The first pin shaft seat 21 is formed by arranging a pin shaft hole on a side plate, in order to improve the reliability of the first pin shaft seat 21, the side wall of the periphery of the pin shaft hole bulges outwards, namely the maximum diameter of the first pin shaft seat 21 is larger than the thickness of the side plate, and therefore the strength of the first pin shaft seat 21 is improved.
In addition, the foregoing is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention and the technical principles applied thereto. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments described herein, but is capable of various obvious changes, rearrangements and substitutions as will now become apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention. Therefore, although the present invention has been described in greater detail with reference to the above embodiments, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and may include other equivalent embodiments without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A forklift, comprising:
a vehicle body (1);
the door frame (2) is arranged at the front part of the vehicle body (1), and a first pin shaft seat (21) is arranged on the door frame (2);
at least two cargo shovels (3) which can be rotatably connected with the portal frame (2), wherein the cargo shovels (3) are provided with second pin shaft seats (321);
a connecting shaft (4) which passes through the first pin shaft seat (21) and the second pin shaft seat (321) to rotatably connect the portal (2) and the shovel (3);
the pressure detector is arranged on the portal frame (2) or the goods shovel (3) and is used for detecting the pressure applied to the portal frame (2) by each goods shovel (3) when the forklift works.
2. A lift truck as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said shovel (3) comprises a fork arm (31) and a connecting arm (32), said fork arm (31) being connected to said connecting arm (32), the side of said connecting arm (32) in contact with said mast (2) being provided with said pressure detector.
3. Fork lift truck according to claim 2, characterized in that the sides of the connecting arm (32) are provided with receiving slots for receiving the pressure detectors.
4. Forklift according to claim 2, characterized in that the pressure detector is arranged on the surface of the side of the connecting arm (32).
5. The forklift according to claim 2, wherein the side of the connecting arm (32) in contact with the mast (2) is further provided with a stopper (322), the stopper (322) is located below the second pin shaft seat (321), the mast (2) is stopped in the stopper (322), and the shovel (3) can swing in the front-rear direction of the forklift.
6. Fork lift truck according to claim 5, characterized in that the limit stop (322) is provided with a limit groove, the notch of which is arranged upwards, and in which the bottom of the mast (2) is arranged.
7. Forklift according to claim 6, characterized in that the width of the stop slot is greater than the thickness of the mast (2).
8. The forklift truck according to claim 1, wherein both ends of the connecting shaft (4) extend out of the first pin shaft seat (21), and anti-dropping structures are respectively arranged at both ends of the connecting shaft (4).
9. Fork lift truck according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises a pressure plate (5), both of which are arranged, one on the mast (2) and the other on the shovel (3), the pressure detector being able to abut against the pressure plate (5).
10. Fork lift truck according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that said first pin boss seat (21) is of a one-piece construction with a side plate of said mast (2).
CN202120705870.4U 2021-04-07 2021-04-07 Forklift truck Active CN215249357U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120705870.4U CN215249357U (en) 2021-04-07 2021-04-07 Forklift truck

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120705870.4U CN215249357U (en) 2021-04-07 2021-04-07 Forklift truck

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215249357U true CN215249357U (en) 2021-12-21

Family

ID=79507824

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120705870.4U Active CN215249357U (en) 2021-04-07 2021-04-07 Forklift truck

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215249357U (en)

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