CN215239588U - Machine tool capable of automatically changing material - Google Patents

Machine tool capable of automatically changing material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215239588U
CN215239588U CN202121904820.5U CN202121904820U CN215239588U CN 215239588 U CN215239588 U CN 215239588U CN 202121904820 U CN202121904820 U CN 202121904820U CN 215239588 U CN215239588 U CN 215239588U
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China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
machine tool
recited
main shaft
tool capable
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CN202121904820.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张小伟
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Jabil Circuit Singapore Pte Ltd
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Jabil Circuit Singapore Pte Ltd
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Priority to CN202121904820.5U priority Critical patent/CN215239588U/en
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Abstract

A machine tool capable of automatically changing materials comprises a machine shell, a main shaft unit positioned in the machine shell, a workbench unit positioned in the machine shell and used for fixing workpieces, and a feeding mechanism positioned in the machine shell. The feeding mechanism comprises a holding part which can be driven to move close to and away from the workbench unit so as to transfer the workpiece to the workbench unit or unload the workpiece from the workbench unit, the holding part can be actuated between an initial position for processing the workpiece by the tool and a working position for moving the holding part close to the workpiece, and one of the tool and the holding part can move out of the working path of the other one at least at one of the initial position and the working position. Through the arrangement of the feeding mechanism, the workpiece can be transferred to the workbench unit for fixing or dismounting, so that automatic material taking and material changing are realized, time cost is saved compared with a manual mode, and production efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

Machine tool capable of automatically changing material
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a machine tool especially relates to a machine tool that can automatic reload.
Background
After each product is machined by the conventional CNC machine tool, the existing CNC machine tool needs to be stopped, and the existing CNC machine tool can continue to machine the product only by taking out the product by an operator and replacing the product with an unprocessed product. Because the machine of the CNC machine tool is bulky and has a large operation area, the CNC machine tool is in a standby state during the time when the operator moves back and forth on the operation panel and replaces the product, which results in the reduction of the use efficiency of the machine, and increases the labor intensity and the labor cost of the operator, and there is still room for improvement.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the utility model is to provide a can solve the above-mentioned at least one problem can automatic machine tool that reloads.
The utility model relates to a machine tool capable of automatically changing material, which comprises a machine shell; a spindle unit located in the housing and to which a tool is mounted; a table unit located within the housing and configured to set a workpiece; and a feeding mechanism which is located in the casing and includes a holding portion capable of being driven to move closer to and away from the table unit to transfer the workpiece to or remove the workpiece from the table unit, the holding portion being operable between an initial position at which the tool machines the workpiece and a working position at which the holding portion moves closer to the workpiece, and at least one of the initial position and the working position, one of the tool and the holding portion being displaced out of a working path of the other.
Can automatic machine tool that reloads, the main shaft unit supplies the installation including displacement from top to bottom the main shaft of cutter and set up in the main shaft can supply the sword tower that the cutter was placed during the operating position, the cutter breaks away from the main shaft and place in the sword tower is in order to withdraw from the work route of fixing portion.
Machine tool of ability automatic reloading, feeding mechanism still including set up in the rotary drive portion of main shaft and can connect with rotating rotary drive portion and with cutter looks spaced main part, fixing portion set up in the main part during initial position, fixing portion dorsad the cutter during operating position, fixing portion is located the main shaft with between the workstation unit.
Machine tool of ability automatic reloading, the rotation driving portion have set up in the first revolving cylinder of main shaft and can set up with rotating in first revolving cylinder and rigid coupling the first carousel of main part, first revolving cylinder can drive first carousel together with the main part reaches fixing portion rotates.
Can automatic machine tool that reloads, the main part has the rigid coupling telescopic cylinder, the rigid coupling of first carousel telescopic cylinder's second revolving cylinder and can set up with rotating in first revolving cylinder and rigid coupling the second carousel of fixing portion.
Can automatic machine tool that reloads, fixing portion has the rigid coupling the clamping jaw elasticity cylinder of second carousel and can swing joint the clamping jaw of clamping jaw elasticity cylinder, clamping jaw elasticity cylinder can drive the clamping jaw is close to each other or keeps away from in order to press from both sides the work piece.
Can automatic machine tool that reloads, each the sunken recess that forms of clamping jaw is the V-arrangement.
Can automatic machine tool that reloads, the workstation unit including can set up with moving in the workstation of main shaft unit below, set up in fixing device on the workstation and set up in workstation and this fixing device looks spaced blowing dish, the blowing dish is applicable to and supplies a plurality of work pieces to place.
The utility model discloses a machine tool of ability automatic reloading, the fixing device is the chuck.
Can automatic machine tool that reloads, fixing device is the loading platform who is equipped with dowel.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: through the arrangement of the feeding mechanism, the workpiece can be transferred to the workbench unit for fixing or dismounting, so that automatic material taking and material changing are realized, time cost and labor cost are saved compared with a manual mode, and production efficiency is greatly improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view illustrating an embodiment of the automatic material changing machine tool of the present invention, in which a holding portion of a feeding mechanism is at an initial position;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the holding part of the feeding mechanism of the embodiment in an operating position;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating the holding part of the embodiment holding a workpiece and transferring the workpiece to a table unit;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating the holding portion of the feeding mechanism of the embodiment in the initial position;
FIG. 5 is a side view illustrating the holding portion of the feeding mechanism of the embodiment in the initial position;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view illustrating the holding part of the feeding mechanism of the embodiment in the working position; and
fig. 7 is a side view illustrating the holding portion of the feeding mechanism of the embodiment in the working position.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, an embodiment of the machine tool capable of automatically changing material according to the present invention is illustrated, which is suitable for processing a workpiece 1. The machine tool capable of automatic material changing comprises a housing 10, a spindle unit 2, a table 31 unit for holding a workpiece 1, and a feeding mechanism 4 provided in the spindle unit 2. The workpiece 1 of the present embodiment is a tool bit of the drilling and milling tool 23A used for a certain period of time, the workpiece 1 is substantially in the shape of an elongated cylinder, and the workpiece 1 is trimmed and sharpened again for reuse in processing, but the type of the workpiece 1 is not limited thereto.
The spindle unit 2 is disposed in the housing 10 and includes a spindle 21 capable of moving up and down for mounting a tool thereon and a turret 22 rotatably disposed on the spindle 21 for placing the tool thereon. The tool is attached to the spindle 21 so as to be replaceable for machining the workpiece 1, the tool in use is attached to the spindle 21, and the tool not in use is placed on the turret 22. The tools of the present embodiment may be, for example, a drilling and milling tool 23A and a grinding tool 23B, as shown in the drawings, but not limited thereto.
The worktable unit 3 is located in the casing 10 and includes a worktable 31 horizontally movably disposed below the spindle unit 2, a holding device 32 disposed on the worktable 31, and a discharge tray 33 disposed on the worktable 31 and spaced from the holding device 32. The holding device 32 is adapted to hold the work pieces 1, and in this embodiment is in the form of a chuck, and in other embodiments may be in the form of any type of loading platform or the like capable of fixing the work pieces 1, such as a loading platform provided with positioning pins for fixing the work pieces, and the placing tray 33 is adapted to place a plurality of work pieces 1. When the workpiece 1 to be machined is held by the holding device 32, the table 31 moves to a position below the spindle 21, and the spindle 21 moves downward, so that the tool machines the workpiece 1.
Referring to fig. 4 to 7, the feeding mechanism 4 is located in the housing 10 and can hold the workpiece 1 to transfer the workpiece 1 to the holding device 32 of the worktable unit 3, and after the workpiece 1 is processed, the workpiece 1 is removed from the holding device 32, and then another workpiece 1 is transferred to the holding device 32 of the worktable unit 3, so as to achieve the functions of automatic feeding and material changing. The feeding mechanism 4 includes a rotation driving portion 41 disposed on the spindle 21, a main body portion 42 rotatably connected to the rotation driving portion 41 and spaced apart from the tool, and a holding portion 43 connected to the main body portion 42. The rotation driving part 41 has a first rotation cylinder 411 disposed on the main shaft 21 and a first rotating disc 412 rotatably disposed on the first rotation cylinder 411 and fixedly connected to the main body 42, and the first rotation cylinder 411 can drive the first rotating disc 412 to rotate together with the main body 42 and the holding part 43. The main body 42 has a telescopic cylinder 421 fixed to the first rotating plate 412, a second rotating cylinder 422 fixed to the telescopic cylinder 421, and a second rotating plate 423 rotatably disposed on the first rotating cylinder 411 and fixed to the holding portion 43. The holding part 43 has a clamping jaw tightening cylinder 431 fixedly connected to the second rotary table 423 and a pair of clamping jaws 432 movably connected to the clamping jaw tightening cylinder 431, the clamping jaw tightening cylinder 431 can drive the clamping jaws 432 to move close to or away from each other to clamp the workpiece 1, and each clamping jaw 432 is recessed to form a V-shaped groove 432a so as to be beneficial to clamping the elongated cylindrical workpiece 1. The holding portion 43 can hold the workpiece 1 and transfer the workpiece 1 to the holding device 32 and hold the workpiece by the holding device 32. In the present embodiment, the feeding mechanism 4 is disposed on the main shaft 21, but the feeding mechanism is not limited thereto, and may be disposed in the housing 10.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the holding portion 43 of the feeding mechanism 4 can be actuated between an initial position and a working position, and in at least one of the initial position and the working position, one of the tool and the holding portion 43 is displaced out of the working path of the other. In the initial position, the main body 42 and the holding portion 43 of the feeding mechanism 4 face away from the tool, as shown in fig. 1. Then, the tool mounted on the spindle 21 is transferred to the turret 22, i.e. exits the working path of the holding portion 43, and the first rotary cylinder 411 of the rotary driving portion 41 drives the first rotary plate 412 to rotate by about 180 degrees, so as to drive the main body portion 42 and the holding portion 43 to rotate by 180 degrees, and the telescopic cylinder 421 of the main body portion 42 drives the second rotary cylinder 422 to move downward to reach the working position. In the working position, the holding portion 43 can be displaced close to and away from the table 31 unit, as shown in fig. 2. At this time, the holding portion 43 of the feeding mechanism 4 can hold one of the workpieces 1 by the holding jaw 432 to the discharge tray 33, after the holding jaw 432 holds the workpiece 1, the second rotary cylinder 422 drives the second rotary table 423 to rotate by about 90 degrees, so that the holding jaw 432 and the workpiece 1 face the holding device 32 of the table unit 3, then the table 31 moves to the lower side of the spindle unit 2 to align the holding device 32 with the workpiece 1 in the horizontal direction, the spindle 21 also moves downward to drive the feeding mechanism 4 to move downward to align the workpiece 1 with the holding device 32 in the vertical direction, and then the table 31 moves toward the moving workpiece 1 to transfer the workpiece 1 to the holding device 32, thereby completing the automatic feeding process. The holding portion 43 of the feeding mechanism 4 is returned to the initial position, so that the tool can process the workpiece 1. After the machining is finished, the holding part 43 is moved to the working position, the machined workpiece 1 is unloaded from the holding device 32 by referring to the above-mentioned process, and the workpiece 1 is placed back into the placing tray 33, and then the holding part 43 clamps another workpiece 1 in the placing tray 33 and transfers the workpiece 1 to the holding device 32 according to the above-mentioned process, so that the automatic material changing process is finished.
In summary, by the arrangement of the feeding mechanism 4, the workpiece 1 can be transferred to the worktable 31 for fixing or dismounting, so that automatic material taking and changing are realized, time cost and labor cost are saved compared with a manual mode, and production efficiency is greatly improved.
However, the above description is only an example of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention should not be limited thereby, and all the simple equivalent changes and modifications made according to the contents of the claims and the patent specification of the present invention are still included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A machine tool capable of automatic changeover, said machine tool comprising:
a housing (10);
a spindle unit (2) located within the housing (10) and for mounting a tool;
a table unit (3) located within the housing (10) and for arranging a workpiece (1); and
a feeding mechanism (4) located within the housing (10) and including a holding portion (43), the holding portion (43) being capable of being driven to move closer to and away from the table unit (3) to transfer the workpiece (1) to the table unit (3) or to unload the workpiece (1) from the table unit (3), the holding portion (43) being operable between an initial position in which the tool machines the workpiece (1) and a working position in which the holding portion (43) is moved closer to the workpiece (1), and in at least one of the initial position and the working position, one of the tool and the holding portion (43) is moved out of a working path of the other.
2. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 1, further comprising: the main shaft unit comprises a main shaft capable of moving up and down for mounting the cutter and a cutter tower arranged on the main shaft and used for placing the cutter, and when the main shaft unit is in the working position, the cutter is separated from the main shaft and placed on the cutter tower to exit from a working path of the fixing part.
3. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 2, wherein: the feeding mechanism further comprises a rotary driving part arranged on the main shaft and a main body part which can be rotatably connected with the rotary driving part and is spaced from the cutter, the fixing part is arranged on the main body part, the fixing part faces away from the cutter in the initial position, and the fixing part is positioned between the main shaft and the workbench unit in the working position.
4. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 3, wherein: the rotary driving part is provided with a first rotary cylinder arranged on the main shaft and a first rotating disc which can be rotatably arranged on the first rotary cylinder and is fixedly connected with the main body part, and the first rotary cylinder can drive the first rotating disc to rotate together with the main body part and the fixing part.
5. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 4, wherein: the main body part is provided with a telescopic cylinder fixedly connected with the first turntable, a second rotary cylinder fixedly connected with the telescopic cylinder and a second turntable which can be rotatably arranged on the first rotary cylinder and fixedly connected with the fixing part.
6. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 5, wherein: the clamping part is provided with a clamping jaw tightness cylinder fixedly connected with the second turntable and a clamping jaw movably connected with the clamping jaw tightness cylinder, and the clamping jaw tightness cylinder can drive the clamping jaw to approach or move away from each other so as to clamp the workpiece.
7. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 6, further comprising: each clamping jaw is sunken to form a V-shaped groove.
8. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 1, further comprising: the workbench unit comprises a workbench movably arranged below the spindle unit, a fixing device arranged on the workbench and a discharging disc arranged on the workbench and spaced from the fixing device, and the discharging disc is suitable for placing a plurality of workpieces.
9. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 8, further comprising: the holding device is a chuck.
10. The machine tool capable of automatic reloading as recited in claim 8, further comprising: the fixing device is a loading platform provided with a positioning pin.
CN202121904820.5U 2021-08-13 2021-08-13 Machine tool capable of automatically changing material Active CN215239588U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121904820.5U CN215239588U (en) 2021-08-13 2021-08-13 Machine tool capable of automatically changing material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121904820.5U CN215239588U (en) 2021-08-13 2021-08-13 Machine tool capable of automatically changing material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215239588U true CN215239588U (en) 2021-12-21

Family

ID=79497649

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121904820.5U Active CN215239588U (en) 2021-08-13 2021-08-13 Machine tool capable of automatically changing material

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215239588U (en)

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