CN215085101U - Arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of thickener and corresponding high-efficiency thickener - Google Patents

Arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of thickener and corresponding high-efficiency thickener Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215085101U
CN215085101U CN202120514074.2U CN202120514074U CN215085101U CN 215085101 U CN215085101 U CN 215085101U CN 202120514074 U CN202120514074 U CN 202120514074U CN 215085101 U CN215085101 U CN 215085101U
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chute
feeding
thickener
flange
arc
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CN202120514074.2U
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孙法兵
刘海胜
张崧钰
郑方旭
梁一
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Jingjin Equipment Co Ltd
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Jingjin Environmental Protection Inc
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a mixed feeding chute of arc board vortex formula of thickener and corresponding high-efficient thickener, this feeding chute include chute main part, vortex arc board, business turn over material mouth, add the medicine mouth, and the main points of innovation scheme are: on the basis of the existing flat turbulence type mixed feeding chute, a turbulence flat plate is improved into a turbulence arc plate, namely a parabolic arc panel for twisting and forming the flat plate, a plurality of turbulence arc plates are optimally arranged and respectively and uniformly welded on two sides of the bottom of the chute at intervals, and the upper end of each arc plate is aligned with the central line of the section of the chute, so that the mixed materials in the chute can generate turbulence; has the advantages of small fluid resistance and quick and uniform material mixing. The high-efficiency thickener uses the feeding chute and is arranged between the concentration tank and the material pump to form a feeding chute for the material to slide from high to low; the technical problems that the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent are not mixed quickly and uniformly by the flat turbulent flow, the flocculating agent is wasted greatly, and the fluid resistance of the turbulent flow flat plate is large, so that large material particles are deposited at the bottom of the tank are solved; save the drugs and improve the efficacy.

Description

Arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of thickener and corresponding high-efficiency thickener
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of sewage treatment's high-efficient thickener, a mixed feeding of vortex formula (low dense material adds flocculating agent) chute is related to.
Background
A thickener (also called thickener) which is a solid-liquid separation device based on gravity settling; the high-efficiency thickener is a thickener with good material flocculation effect and high thickening efficiency; mainly comprises a concentration tank and a bridge thereof, a speed reducing motor and a speed reducer thereof, a rotary rake and a rotating shaft thereof, a central cylinder, a feeding chute, a detection device, a PLC control system and the like; the method is suitable for the concentration of sewage (including sandstone wastewater) with lower concentration, namely the sewage (slurry or ore pulp) with the solid weight of 10-20 percent is concentrated into underflow sediment (sludge) with the solid content of 45-55 percent through gravity settling for subsequent treatment of terminal dewatering equipment such as a filter press and the like.
The feeding chute is a feeding chute which slides from a high position to a low position, and is beneficial to the automatic sliding of solid particles in the materials without deposition; the mixed feeding chute is a feeding chute for adding a flocculating agent into materials, and mainly comprises a chute main body, a material inlet, a dosing port (namely a flocculating agent adding port), a mixed material outlet and a spoiler; the purpose of flocculation is to enable particles in the material to gather and grow to form floccules, so that the coagulation of material particles is accelerated; the spoiler is used for disturbing laminar (layered flow) materials into transition flow or small turbulent flow and assisting the materials and the flocculating agent to be mixed.
The existing flat plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute has the following defects: (1) the spoiler is a flat plate, only small vortexes can be generated in the flow field, and the flow field cannot be disturbed into large turbulence (turbulent flow); because the flocculating agent is added on the upper layer of the material, the laminar flow material and the flocculating agent can not be quickly and fully mixed (the mixture is not uniform), and particularly, the lower layer material is insufficiently flocculated, the using amount of the flocculating agent is large, so that the flocculation effect and the thickening efficiency of the material are influenced; (2) moreover, the turbulent flow flat plate has large material flow resistance, and when the flow velocity is slow, large material particles are blocked and deposited at the bottom of the tank (can not automatically slide down), and the tank cleaning is assisted by manpower irregularly, so that the automation level of the thickener is influenced; is a technical problem which is desired to be solved but is not successful all the time.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to overcome the defects of the prior flat turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute, solve the technical problems that the mixing of flat turbulent flow low-concentration materials and flocculating agent is not fast and uniform, the flocculating agent is wasted greatly, the turbulent flow flat fluid resistance is large, and larger material particles are deposited at the bottom of the chute, and provide an arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of a thickener and a corresponding high-efficiency thickener; the corresponding high-efficiency thickener is the high-efficiency thickener corresponding to the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of the thickener, and is called for short because the number of characters of the patent name is limited.
The utility model provides an innovation technical scheme that prior art problem adopted is: the utility model provides an arc board vortex formula of disturbing flow mixes feeding chute (hereinafter for short: arc board vortex formula mixes feeding chute) of thickener, the main points of general technical scheme are: compared with the prior art, the innovative overall structure has the prominent substantive characteristics that: on the basis of the existing flat plate turbulence type mixed feeding chute, the turbulence flat plate is improved into the turbulence arc plate and is optimally arranged, so that the turbulence effect is improved, large turbulence (turbulence) is generated, the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent are quickly and uniformly mixed, the pesticide is saved, the efficiency is improved, the fluid resistance of the turbulence arc plate is reduced, and larger material particles can automatically slide down; therefore, the technical problems that the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent are not mixed fast and uniformly, the flocculating agent is wasted greatly, and the turbulent plate has large fluid resistance, so that large material particles are deposited at the bottom of the tank are solved.
The specific design scheme is as follows: the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute mainly comprises a chute main body, a feeding flange pipe orifice, a dosing port (namely a flocculating agent adding port), a turbulent flow arc plate and a discharging flange pipe orifice, wherein all the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute are made of stainless steel materials; the chute main body is a coverless square groove with one closed end, the left end is provided with a feeding flange pipe orifice, the upper surface of the left end is provided with a double-dosing-port connecting plate strip, the bottom surface of the right end is provided with a discharging flange pipe orifice, the length of the discharging flange pipe orifice corresponds to the distance between a material source and a thickener, and the width of the discharging flange pipe orifice corresponds to the feeding amount of the thickener in unit time; the feeding flange pipe orifice comprises a feeding flange and a feeding flange pipe, and the feeding flange pipe corresponds to the feeding flange pipe orifice hole of the chute main body; the medicine feeding port is a medicine feeding pipe port of an automatic medicine feeding machine; the turbulent arc plate is a parabolic arc panel, a flat plate is twisted and molded according to a certain angle, or a mold with a certain diameter is utilized to roll and mold the flat plate, the root part and the top part of the turbulent arc plate are not in the same plane, the length of the arc plate is greater than the height of the 1/2 chute main body, and the turbulent flow can be generated on the materials in the chute; the discharge flange pipe orifice comprises a discharge flange and a discharge flange pipe, and the discharge flange pipe corresponds to the discharge flange pipe orifice hole of the chute main body.
The connection relation of the main parts is as follows: the plurality of turbulence arc plates are uniformly and alternately welded on two sides of a bottom plate of the chute main body (such as 3 turbulence arc plates on each side) and optimally arranged (the upper ends of the turbulence arc plates are adjusted to be basically aligned with the central line of the section of the chute main body), so that the materials and the flocculating agent can produce superposed turbulence in the arc plate turbulence type mixed feeding chute; the orifice of the feeding flange is horizontally butted (welded) with the orifice of the feeding flange of the chute main body; the mouth of the discharging flange is vertically butted (welded) with the mouth hole of the discharging flange of the chute main body; the dosing ports are arranged on the double dosing port connecting plate strips of the chute main body; the device has the functions of quickly and uniformly mixing the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent and automatically slipping the mixture to a concentration tank.
The utility model also provides a high-efficiency thickener, which uses the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute provided by the utility model, and mainly comprises a thickening tank and a bridge thereof, a speed reducing motor and a speed reducer thereof, a rotary rake and a rotating shaft thereof, a central cylinder, a mixed feeding chute, a photoelectric detection instrument, a PLC control system and the like; the flocculating agent has the functions of quick flocculation, on-line detection of sedimentation velocity, intelligent control of dosage, high efficiency and automatic thickening of low-concentration materials.
The arc plate turbulent flow type mixing feeding chute of the thickener has the advantages of simple structure, small fluid resistance, quick and uniform material disturbing, medicine saving and efficiency improvement; the beneficial effects are that the turbulent flow flat plate is improved into the turbulent flow arc plate and is optimally arranged, so that the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent are quickly and uniformly mixed, the pesticide is saved, the effect is improved, the fluid resistance of the turbulent flow arc plate is reduced, and the material can completely and automatically slide down; solves the technical problem that people always desire to solve but can not obtain successful high-efficiency medicine-saving dense low-concentration materials.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic top view of the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of the thickener.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of the thickener.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the turbulent arc plate of the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of the thickener.
Reference numerals: 1-feeding flange pipe orifice, 2-dosing orifice, 3-chute main body, 4-turbulent arc plate and 5-discharging flange pipe orifice.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiment of the high-efficiency filter press of the thickener according to the embodiment of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiment is only a preferred part of the embodiment of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the utility model discloses an embodiment, all other embodiments that the technical staff in the field obtained under the prerequisite of not making creative work, like the arc board vortex formula mixed feeding chute that the arc board vortex mode is the same, the structure is similar all belong to the utility model discloses a protection scope.
Example 1
The utility model provides an arc board vortex formula of disturbing flow mixes feeding chute (for short: arc board vortex formula mixes feeding chute) of thickener, the main points of the overall embodiment of innovation are: on the basis of the existing flat plate turbulence type mixed feeding chute, the turbulence flat plate is improved into the turbulence arc plates 4 and is optimally arranged, so that the turbulence effect is improved, large turbulence (turbulence) is generated, low-concentration materials and a flocculating agent are quickly and uniformly mixed, the pesticide is saved, the efficiency is improved, the fluid resistance of the turbulence arc plates is reduced, and larger material particles can automatically slide down.
The specific implementation scheme is as follows: the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute comprises a feeding flange pipe orifice 1 and a dosing orifice 2 (namely a flocculating agent adding orifice), and mainly comprises a chute main body 3, a turbulent flow arc plate 4 and a discharging flange pipe orifice 5, which are all made of stainless steel materials; the detailed description is as follows:
the feeding flange pipe orifice 1 comprises a feeding flange and a feeding flange pipe, and the feeding flange pipe corresponds to the feeding flange pipe orifice hole of the chute main body 3; a feeding flange pipe orifice 1 is horizontally butted (welded) with a feeding flange pipe orifice hole of a chute main body 3; for docking with an external material source conduit.
The dosing port 2 is a dosing pipe port of an automatic dosing machine; the dosing port 2 is arranged on the double dosing port connecting plate strip of the chute main body 3; the device is used for inputting a flocculating agent into the chute main body 3 to enable particles in the materials to be gathered and enlarged to form flocs, so that the gathering and the settlement of the material particles are accelerated.
The chute main body 3 is a coverless square groove with one closed end, the left end is provided with a feeding flange pipe orifice, the upper surface of the left end is provided with a double-dosing-port connecting plate strip, the bottom surface of the right end is provided with a discharging flange pipe orifice, the length of the discharging flange pipe orifice corresponds to the distance between a material source and a thickener, and the width of the discharging flange pipe orifice corresponds to the feeding amount of the thickener in unit time; when the thickener is assembled, the chute main body 3 forms a feeding groove for the material to slide from a high position to a low position, which is beneficial to the automatic sliding of the solid particles in the material without deposition.
The turbulent arc plate 4 is a parabolic arc panel, a flat plate is twisted and molded according to a certain angle, or a mold with a certain diameter is utilized to roll and mold the flat plate, the root part and the top part of the flat plate are not in the same plane, the length of the arc plate is greater than the height of the 1/2 chute main body, and the material in the chute can generate turbulent flow; the plurality of turbulence arc plates 4 are respectively and uniformly welded on two sides of the bottom plate of the chute main body 3 (such as three turbulence arc plates 4 on each side) at intervals and optimally arranged (the upper ends of the turbulence arc plates 4 are adjusted to be basically aligned with the central line of the section of the chute main body 3), so that the materials and the flocculating agent can generate superposed turbulence in the arc plate turbulence type mixed feeding chute; the mixing device is used for mixing low-concentration materials and flocculating agents quickly and uniformly, saving medicines and improving efficiency, reduces the fluid resistance of the spoiler, and enables the materials to slide down completely and automatically.
The discharge flange pipe orifice 5 comprises a discharge flange and a discharge flange pipe, and the discharge flange pipe corresponds to the discharge flange pipe orifice hole of the chute main body 3; the discharge flange pipe orifice 5 is vertically butted (welded) with a discharge flange pipe orifice hole of the chute main body 3; used for outputting the mixed materials to a concentration tank.
The arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of the thickener provided by the utility model has the advantages of simple structure, small fluid resistance, and quick and uniform material disturbance; the technical problems that the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent are not mixed quickly and uniformly by the flat turbulent flow, the flocculating agent is wasted greatly, and the fluid resistance of the turbulent flow flat plate is large, so that large material particles are deposited at the bottom of the tank are solved; save the drugs and improve the efficacy.
Example 2
A high-efficiency thickener uses the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute (short for: arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute) provided by the utility model, which mainly comprises a thickening tank and a bridge thereof, a speed reducing motor and a speed reducer thereof, a rotary rake and a rotating shaft thereof, a central cylinder, an arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute, a photoelectric detection instrument, a PLC control system and the like; the method is suitable for the concentration of sewage (including sandstone wastewater) with lower concentration, namely the sewage (slurry or ore pulp) with the solid weight of 10-20 percent is concentrated into underflow sediment (sludge) with the solid content of 45-55 percent through gravity settling for subsequent treatment of terminal dewatering equipment such as a filter press and the like.
Assembling the high-efficiency thickener: the concentration tank is built on the ground between a material pump or a hydrocyclone (material source) and a filter press (terminal dewatering equipment), and the maximum diameter is 100 meters; the bridge frame is arranged on the concentration tank in the middle; the speed reducing motor is arranged on the bridge frame, and the rotary rake is connected with the speed reducing motor; the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute is arranged between the concentration tank and the material pump or the hydrocyclone, so as to form a feeding chute for the material to slide from a high position to a low position; the photoelectric detection instrument and the PLC control system are respectively arranged beside the thickener; the flocculating agent has the functions of quick flocculation, on-line detection of sedimentation velocity, intelligent control of dosage, high efficiency and automatic thickening of low-concentration materials.
The working process of the high-efficiency thickener comprises the following steps: (1) the material pump pumps the material into (or sandstone wastewater material is input through a hydrocyclone), the arc-plate turbulence type mixing feeding chute, meanwhile, the chemical pump adds the flocculating agent into the arc-plate turbulence type mixing feeding chute, and the material and the flocculating agent are fully mixed and rapidly flocculated in the arc-plate turbulence type mixing feeding chute and then input into the concentration tank; (2) the mixed materials in the concentration tank are accelerated to settle under the action of a flocculating agent; (3) a photoelectric detection instrument detects the sedimentation velocity of the mixed material on line, and a PLC control system dynamically and intelligently controls the dosage (the dosage of the flocculating agent is determined according to the relative design values of the materials with different concentrations); (4) the speed reducing motor drives the rotary harrow to rotate at a slow speed, the rotary harrow discharges thickened sediments from the discharge opening and sends the sediments to a filter press (terminal dewatering equipment), and clear liquor overflows from the overflow opening.
The utility model provides a high-efficiency thickener, which has the advantages that the turbulent flow flat plate of the feeding chute is improved into the turbulent flow arc plate and is optimally arranged, so that the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent are quickly and uniformly mixed, the fluid resistance of the turbulent flow arc plate is reduced, and the material can completely and automatically slide down; solves the technical problem that people are eagerly to solve but can not obtain the successful high-efficiency, drug-saving, dense and low-concentration materials all the time, and particularly meets the requirements of users on drug saving and efficiency improvement of large-scale sewage (including sandstone wastewater) treatment plants.

Claims (3)

1. An arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of a thickener comprises a chute main body, a feeding flange pipe orifice, a dosing orifice, a turbulent flow arc plate and a discharging flange pipe orifice, wherein all the arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute is made of stainless steel materials; the method is characterized in that: the turbulent arc plate is a parabolic arc panel formed by twisting a flat plate, the root part and the top part of the turbulent arc plate are not in the same plane, and the length of the turbulent arc plate is greater than the height of the 1/2 chute main body, so that the material in the chute can generate turbulent flow; the turbulence arc plates are uniformly and alternately welded on two sides of the bottom plate of the chute main body respectively, and are optimally arranged so that the upper ends of the turbulence arc plates are basically aligned with the central line of the section of the chute main body, so that the materials and the flocculating agent can generate turbulence in the arc plate turbulence type mixed feeding chute; the device has the functions of quickly and uniformly mixing the low-concentration material and the flocculating agent and automatically slipping the mixture to a concentration tank.
2. The arc plate turbulent flow type mixing feed chute of the thickener of claim 1, wherein: the chute main body is a coverless square groove with one closed end, the left end is provided with a feeding flange pipe orifice, the upper surface of the left end is provided with a double-dosing-port connecting plate strip, the bottom surface of the right end is provided with a discharging flange pipe orifice, the length of the discharging flange pipe orifice corresponds to the distance between a material source and a thickener, and the width of the discharging flange pipe orifice corresponds to the feeding amount of the thickener in unit time; the feeding flange pipe orifice comprises a feeding flange and a feeding flange pipe, and the feeding flange pipe corresponds to the feeding flange pipe orifice hole of the chute main body; the medicine feeding port is a medicine feeding pipe port of an automatic medicine feeding machine; the discharge flange pipe orifice comprises a discharge flange and a discharge flange pipe, and the discharge flange pipe corresponds to the discharge flange pipe orifice hole of the chute main body; the orifice of the feeding flange is horizontally butted with the orifice of the feeding flange of the chute main body; the mouth of the discharging flange is vertically butted with the mouth hole of the discharging flange of the chute main body; the dosing port is arranged on the double dosing port connecting plate strip of the chute main body.
3. A high-efficiency thickener comprises a thickening tank and a bridge thereof, a speed reducing motor and a speed reducer thereof, a rotary rake and a rotating shaft thereof, a central cylinder, a mixed feeding chute, a photoelectric detection instrument and a PLC control system; the method is characterized in that: the mixing and feeding chute is an arc plate turbulent type mixing and feeding chute of the thickener according to claims 1-2; the flocculating agent has the functions of quick flocculation, on-line detection of sedimentation velocity, intelligent control of dosage, high efficiency and automatic thickening of low-concentration materials.
CN202120514074.2U 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of thickener and corresponding high-efficiency thickener Active CN215085101U (en)

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CN202120514074.2U CN215085101U (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of thickener and corresponding high-efficiency thickener

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120514074.2U CN215085101U (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Arc plate turbulent flow type mixed feeding chute of thickener and corresponding high-efficiency thickener

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Address after: 253000 shoujingjin group, Jinghua Road North, Dezhou Economic Development Zone, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Jingjin Equipment Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 253000 shoujingjin group, Jinghua Road North, Dezhou Economic Development Zone, Shandong Province

Patentee before: Jing Jin Environmental Protection Inc.