CN215055686U - Basic module for building and low and multi-storey modular building structure system - Google Patents

Basic module for building and low and multi-storey modular building structure system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215055686U
CN215055686U CN202022972541.4U CN202022972541U CN215055686U CN 215055686 U CN215055686 U CN 215055686U CN 202022972541 U CN202022972541 U CN 202022972541U CN 215055686 U CN215055686 U CN 215055686U
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horizontal
module
vertical
hidden
side plates
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俞大有
陈甫亮
周子健
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Zhuyou Zhizao Technology Investment Co., Ltd
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Zhuyou Zhizao Technology Industry Group Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a basic module and low, multilayer modularization building structure system for building, wherein the basic module for building, including integrated into one piece's roof and two blocks of curb plates, two blocks of curb plates are connected with the roof and form concrete door type frame, the vertical both sides limit of curb plate all establishes the hidden column, the top side and the bottom side of curb plate establish the hidden beam, at least one curb plate establishes a plurality of reservation pore; the preformed hole comprises a horizontal hole and a vertical hole, the horizontal holes are horizontally arranged in at least one hidden column of the side plate, the vertical holes are vertically arranged in at least one hidden beam of the side plate, and the hidden beam of at least one side plate is provided with a support bracket on the surface of the outer side far away from the top plate. The utility model discloses a modular building structure system, which comprises at least two basic modules, at least one horizontal module and an expansion connecting component, wherein the two basic modules arranged at intervals are connected together through the horizontal module, and the bottom side surfaces of the two ends of the horizontal module are placed on a support bracket; horizontal module both sides edge all is provided with a plurality of mounting grooves, and extension coupling assembling fixes in the mounting groove of roof and horizontal module's mounting groove.

Description

Basic module for building and low and multi-storey modular building structure system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the assembly type structure, concretely relates to basic module and low, multilayer modularization building structure system for building.
Background
In the field of assembly type buildings, most components are produced in factories and then transported to be assembled on construction sites. There are various research and practical explorations regarding the prefabricated construction technology. The concrete modular building is an effective mode for realizing housing industrialization, can realize high assembly rate, has small field construction amount, and can effectively shorten the construction period, reduce the garbage of a construction field and reduce the labor intensity of constructors. There has been some research related to modular construction, but these solutions have more or less deficiencies. If the utility model patent application with application number 201810741804.5, the name of a high-rise concrete modularization building structure system, the main not enough of its scheme lies in: (1) one module is a whole room, the size of the module is large, the weight of the component is heavy, and the transportation and hoisting are difficult; (2) the size of a single module is limited by transportation, and the height of a layer and the size of a bay are limited; (3) the large-span prestress tensioning is complex and inconvenient to construct. The utility model discloses an application for a building structure module and house and construction method's utility model patent application for building house, application number 201810914811.0, its main not enough of scheme lies in: (1) one module is a closed cavity, the weight of the whole component is heavy, and the transportation and hoisting are difficult; (2) the bottom plate is only used for forming the whole cavity, so that waste is caused when the low-level and multi-level modules are stacked; (3) the rigidity of a single module is high, but the modules are connected by adopting the connecting box, the energy consumption capability of the connecting node under the earthquake working condition is limited, and the earthquake-resistant design principle of a strong node and a weak component cannot be ensured. The utility model discloses a utility model patent application of application number 201811451497.3, title as assembled spacer module's structural system and mounting method thereof, the main not enough of its scheme lies in: (1) the structural system is a steel structural member, the production and construction cost is high, and the advantages of modularization and cost reduction cannot be effectively exerted; (2) the modules and the non-modules are connected in a hinged mode, so that shock resistance and energy consumption cannot be participated, and the overall structural rigidity is small. (3) The intermodule is spliced from top to bottom to be the double slab, and horizontal concatenation is double-walled, causes the building area extravagant, and the structure volume increases, and the cost increases by a wide margin.
In summary, there is a need to develop a new basic module for building and a low-rise and multi-story modular building structure system to solve the problems existing in the prior art, so as to achieve the technical effects of small wet workload, high construction speed, flexible size design, reduced overall cost, strong structural system applicability, superior seismic performance, and the like in a construction site.
The utility model has the following contents:
the utility model aims at providing a new basic module for building and low, multilayer modularization building structure system to solve the problem that exists among the prior art, it is little with the wet work volume that realizes the job site, construction speed is fast, and size design is nimble, reduce whole cost, and structural system suitability is strong, technical effect such as anti-seismic performance is superior.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a basic module for a building comprises a top plate and two side plates which are integrally formed, wherein the top plate and the two side plates are integrally formed, the two side plates are respectively connected with two side edges of the top plate to form a concrete door type frame, hidden columns are arranged on two vertical side edges of the two side plates, hidden beams are arranged on the top side and the bottom side of the two side plates, two side edges of the top plate are respectively connected with the hidden beams on the top sides of the two side plates, at least one hidden column of the side plates is internally provided with a plurality of horizontal pore channels which horizontally penetrate through the hidden column, at least one hidden beam of the side plates is internally provided with a plurality of vertical pore canals which vertically penetrate through the hidden beam, the positions of the side plates, which are adjacent to the hidden beam and the hidden column, are also provided with a plurality of connecting grooves which respectively correspond to the horizontal pore passages and the vertical pore passages, and the horizontal pore passages and the vertical pore passages are communicated with the corresponding connecting grooves one by one; at least one hidden beam on the top side of the side plate is provided with a supporting bracket on the surface of the outer side far away from the top plate.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, a plurality of first mounting grooves are further formed in the edge of one side/two sides of the top plate, a plurality of vertical ducts perpendicular to the side plates are further formed in the hidden beam at the top of at least one side plate, and the plurality of first mounting grooves are in one-to-one correspondence with and are communicated with the plurality of vertical ducts.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the hidden beams at the tops of the two side plates are further provided with through-long step notches at the outer side edges far away from the top plate, the hidden beams at the bottoms of the two side plates are further provided with through-long step protrusions at the outer side edges far away from the top plate, and the step notches are matched with the step protrusions in shape.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the horizontal hole comprises an outer end and an inner end, the outer end of the horizontal hole is flush with the side surface of the hidden column, and the connecting groove communicated with the horizontal hole is correspondingly arranged at the inner end of the horizontal hole; the vertical pore includes outer end and inner end, the outer end of vertical pore with the surface of dark roof beam is flush, with the spread groove of vertical pore intercommunication is located the inner end of vertical pore and with the dark roof beam is adjacent.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the corbel is a pre-embedded steel corbel or a concrete corbel provided with pre-embedded corbel ribs.
The utility model also provides a low, multilayer modularization building structure system, including at least two basic modules, at least one horizontal module and the extension coupling assembling for building as described above, two said basic modules that set up at interval link together through said horizontal module, the both ends bottom side of said horizontal module is laid on the support bracket of two said basic modules; horizontal module with the both sides edge that the roof is adjacent all is provided with a plurality of second mounting grooves, extension coupling assembling fixes the first mounting groove of roof with be used for connecting in the second mounting groove of horizontal module and two basic module.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the expansion connection assembly includes a pull rod and a fastener, the middle portion of the pull rod is disposed in the vertical hole, and two ends of the pull rod are respectively fixed in the first mounting groove of the top plate and the second mounting groove of the horizontal module through the fastener.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the horizontal connecting assembly is further included, the length of the base module is the distance between the two side plates, the two base modules which are adjacently arranged are closely spliced in the width direction and connected through the horizontal connecting assembly, and the horizontal connecting assembly is fixed in the connecting groove of the two side plates of the two adjacent base modules.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the side edges of the horizontal modules in the length direction are further provided with L-shaped notches, the L-shaped notches of two adjacent horizontal modules are closely spliced to form a laminated cast-in-place area, and the laminated cast-in-place area is provided with an additional steel bar and cast-in-place concrete crossing the spliced seams of the two horizontal modules.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the vertical connection assembly is further included, two vertically placed base modules are connected through the vertical connection assembly, the step protrusion of the upper base module rests on the step notch of the lower base module, and the vertical connection assembly is fixed in the vertical hole of the two vertically placed base modules and is used for connecting the two vertically placed base modules.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the side plate is provided with a door opening and/or a window opening.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another improved embodiment, the expansion connection assembly or the horizontal connection assembly or the vertical connection assembly comprises a tendon and an anchor head.
The technical scheme of the utility model following beneficial effect has:
1. the basic module for the building is prefabricated in factory production, adopts modular size, and reduces cost in large-scale production; the single basic module is independently loaded, the transportation and the hoisting are very convenient, and the design requirements of various large compartments can be realized. The two modules meet the road transportation requirement, and a single component has light self weight and is convenient to transport, hoist and mount; the reservation of the inside pipeline equipment of basic module is pre-buried, door and window installation and basic decoration and fitment can be accomplished in the mill, can reduce building rubbish and dust in a large number and produce, satisfies the energy-concerving and environment-protective requirement of green building.
2. The utility model discloses a low, multilayer modularization building structure system, basic module horizontal module size is nimble, and horizontal module non-independent bearing, the concatenation of all intermodules does not have the repeated stack condition, has avoided that the intermodule concatenation that exists among the prior art causes the wallboard to stack from side to side, the floor stacks the condition in space from top to bottom, saves space, reduces whole cost; the basic module and the horizontal module are prefabricated in a factory, and only the node connection is completed on site, so that the wet operation amount is small, the construction speed is high, and the cost is low; the modular building structure system of the utility model is suitable for low and multi-storey buildings, adopts the connecting components to complete the connection among all the modules, has fast construction speed, larger construction tolerance, strong applicability of the structure system and superior anti-seismic performance; all modules are produced and maintained in a factory, the component quality is high, the support bracket can serve as a support of the horizontal module, self-bearing can be achieved during field construction, the burden of a support system is reduced, and the construction efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a basic module for a building in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a vertical cross-sectional view of one of the side panels of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the junction of the side panel and the top panel of FIG. 1, illustrating the internal structure of the support corbel;
fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a low-rise and multi-story modular building structure system according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a low-rise and multi-story modular building structure system according to embodiment 3 of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a top view of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a vertical cross-sectional view of FIG. 7, illustrating vertical and horizontal connections between four base modules;
fig. 10 is a horizontal cross-sectional view of the two side plates of fig. 7, illustrating the structure of the horizontal connecting assembly.
Reference numerals:
1-top plate 2-side plate 3-hidden beam
4-hidden column 5-window hole 6-connecting groove
7-step gap 8-step bulge 9-first mounting groove
10-support bracket 11-screw 12-nut
13-expansion connecting assembly 14-horizontal connecting assembly 15-vertical connecting assembly
16-horizontal duct 17-vertical duct 18-L-shaped notch
01-basic module 02-horizontal module 03-superposed cast-in-place area
Detailed Description
The following are provided as preferred embodiments of the present invention to aid in further understanding of the invention. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the description of the embodiments of the present invention is exemplary only, and is not intended as limiting the inventive aspects.
Example 1
Referring to the schematic drawings of fig. 1 to 4, this embodiment 1 is a basic module for a building, including a top plate 1 and two side plates 2 which are integrally formed, where the two side plates 2 are respectively connected with two side edges of the top plate 1 to form a concrete door frame, two vertical side edges of the two side plates 2 are both provided with hidden columns 4, top and bottom sides of the two side plates 2 are both provided with hidden beams 3, and two side edges of the top plate 1 are respectively connected with the hidden beams 3 on the top sides of the two side plates 2; a plurality of horizontal pore channels 16 which horizontally penetrate through the embedded columns 4 are arranged in at least one embedded column 4 of the side plate 2, a plurality of vertical pore channels 16 which vertically penetrate through the embedded beams 3 are arranged in at least one embedded beam 3 of the side plate 2, a plurality of connecting grooves 6 which respectively correspond to the horizontal pore channels 16 and the vertical pore channels 16 are also arranged at the positions, adjacent to the embedded beams 3 and the embedded columns 4, of the side plate 2, and the horizontal pore channels 16 and the vertical pore channels 16 are communicated with the corresponding connecting grooves 6 one by one; at least one hidden beam 3 of the top side of the side plate 2 is provided with a support bracket 10 on the outer side surface remote from the top plate 1. Referring to the schematic illustration of fig. 5, the support bracket 10 of the present embodiment is a concrete bracket provided with embedded bracket ribs, and in other embodiments, the bracket may be an embedded steel bracket.
The basic module in this embodiment is a self-supporting structural body which is cast and prefabricated as a whole and is used for bearing the vertical and horizontal loads of the whole structure. The top plate 1 and the two side plates 2 of the basic module are enclosed to form a concrete portal rigid frame, and the concrete portal rigid frame is prefabricated and poured into a whole in a factory, so that the whole rigidity is high, the shock resistance is good, the hoisting and the transportation are convenient, and the field installation is convenient. The two side plates 2 in this example are the left side plate 2 and the right side plate 2, and the two side plates 2 are the same as the top plate 1 in width, and the length of the basic module is the distance between the two side plates 2, the width is the length of the side plates 2, and the height is the height of the side plates 2. The length of the basic module is determined according to the room bay, and the length is 2.4-6 m by adopting the modular size; the width is determined according to the road transportation width limit and is taken to be between 1.2m and 2.4 m; the height is determined according to the road transportation limit height and is taken to be between 2.8m and 3.2 m.
Referring to the schematic drawings of fig. 1 to 4, two side plates 2 of the basic module in this embodiment are both bearing walls, the periphery of each side plate 2 is enclosed by a hidden beam 3 and a hidden column 4, the hidden beam 3 is arranged at the joint of the side plate 2 and the top plate 1, the hidden column 4 is arranged at two ends of the side plate 2 in the horizontal direction, and a plurality of connecting grooves 6 are arranged inside the side plate 2 and used for connecting the two basic modules in layers. In other improved embodiments, when the force requirement is satisfied, the interior of the side panel 2 may be filled with a light foam to reduce the self-weight.
Referring to the schematic illustration of fig. 1, a window opening 5 is formed in one side plate 2 of the basic module in this embodiment. The water and electricity heating pipelines and equipment required by the building are reserved and embedded in basic modules during factory production, basic decoration and finishing are finished in a factory, and only pipeline butt joint and decoration and finish surface leveling work are finished on a construction site. In other embodiments, the side panels 2 of the base module may be provided with door openings depending on the architectural design.
Referring to the schematic drawings of fig. 1 and fig. 3, on the basis of the present embodiment, a plurality of first mounting grooves 9 are further disposed at one side edge of the top plate 1; the side plate 2 connected to one side provided with the first mounting groove 9 is named as a right side plate 2, and the side plate 2 opposite to the right side plate 2 is named as a left side plate 2; wherein still be provided with a plurality of perpendicular pore ways of perpendicular to right side board 2 in the hidden roof beam 3 at the top of right side board 2, first mounting groove 9 and perpendicular pore way one-to-one, perpendicular pore way includes outer end and inner end, the inner end and the 9 intercommunications of first mounting groove of perpendicular pore way, and the outer end of perpendicular pore way flushes with the vertical side of hidden roof beam 3. With this arrangement, when the base module is connected to other building components, dry connectors (such as reinforcing bars) can be disposed in the vertical duct and the first mounting groove 9 to connect the base module to other building components.
On the basis of this embodiment, in other modified embodiments, the both sides edge of roof 1 all is provided with a plurality of first mounting grooves 9, then all is provided with a plurality of perpendicular pore ways of perpendicular to curb plate 2 in the hidden beam 3 at the top of two curb plates 2, first mounting groove 9 and perpendicular pore way one-to-one, and perpendicular pore way includes outer end and inner end, and the inner end and the first mounting groove 9 intercommunication of perpendicular pore way, the outer end and the vertical side of hidden beam 3 of perpendicular pore way flush.
Referring to the schematic diagrams of fig. 1 and fig. 2, on the basis of the above embodiment, in another modified embodiment, the hidden beams 3 at the top of the two side plates 2 are further provided with through long step notches 7 at the outer edge far away from the top plate 1, the hidden beams 3 at the bottom of the two side plates 2 are further provided with through long step protrusions 8 at the outer edge far away from the top plate 1, and the shapes of the step notches 7 and the step protrusions 8 are matched. By the arrangement, when the two basic modules are vertically stacked, the step bulge 8 of the upper basic module can be clamped in the step notch 7 of the lower basic module, so that the two basic modules are accurately vertically positioned; meanwhile, after waterproof glue is arranged in the horizontal abutted seam, the step bulge 8 on the upper layer can prevent rainwater from permeating into the horizontal abutted seam.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another modified embodiment, the horizontal duct 16 includes an outer end and an inner end, the outer end of the horizontal duct 16 is flush with the side surface of the hidden column 4, and the connecting groove 6 communicated with the horizontal duct 16 is correspondingly arranged at the inner end of the horizontal duct 16; the vertical pore 17 comprises an outer end and an inner end, the outer end of the vertical pore 17 is flush with the surface of the hidden beam 3, and the connecting groove 6 communicated with the vertical pore 17 is arranged at the inner end of the vertical pore 17 and is adjacent to the hidden beam 3. Through setting up horizontal pore 16, basic module and realization are connected with other building element in the horizontal direction, through setting up vertical pore 17, basic module can realize being connected between vertical direction and other building element, for example set up vertical pore 17 in the dark roof beam 3 of basic module's lower part, then can realize the atress between basic module and the ground continuous through inserting the reinforcing bar, the reinforcing bar is connected with the ground.
The horizontal pore canal, the vertical pore canal or the vertical pore canal can be arranged in a way of embedding the corrugated pipe, so that the basic structural performance of the prefabricated part is not influenced, and the production is convenient.
Example 2
Referring to the schematic diagram of fig. 6, the present embodiment 2 is a low-rise and multi-storey modular building structure system, which includes two basic modules 01 of the embodiment 1, a horizontal module 02 and an expansion connection assembly 13, the two basic modules 01 arranged at intervals are connected together through the horizontal module 02, and the bottom sides of the two ends of the horizontal module 02 are placed on the support brackets 10 of the two basic modules 01; the edges of two adjacent sides of the horizontal module 02 and the top plate 1 are provided with a plurality of second mounting grooves (not labeled in the figure), and the extension connecting assembly 13 is fixed in the first mounting groove 9 of the top plate 1 and the second mounting groove of the horizontal module 02 and used for connecting the horizontal module 02 and the two basic modules 01. The vertical load transmission between the horizontal module 02 and the basic module 01 is realized through the support bracket 10, and the horizontal force transmission between the horizontal module 02 and the basic module 01 is realized through the extension connecting assembly 13.
In this embodiment, the depth of the designed building (i.e., the distance in the direction perpendicular to the bay) is equal to the width of one basic module, so that there is no need to provide prefabricated parts in the depth direction, and only a partition wall needs to be installed between the end portions of the two side plates of the basic module. The two basic modules in this embodiment correspond to one horizontal module, that is, one horizontal module is set up between the first basic module and the second basic module. When a plurality of rooms need to be arranged, the rooms can be continuously assembled according to the length direction of the basic modules, namely, a third basic module is placed in the length direction of the first/second basic modules, and then the second horizontal module is placed on the third basic module and the supporting bracket of the first/second basic modules. The basic module and the horizontal module are hoisted in sequence to be constructed, and then the assembly in the length direction can be realized.
The horizontal module 02 in the embodiment is a horizontal bearing floor slab, the span of the floor slab can be changed according to the bay requirements of different building designs, namely the length of the floor slab is determined according to the bay of a room and is selected to be between 2.4m and 6 m; the width of the floor is the same as the width of the base module 01. The horizontal module 02 in this embodiment is a fully precast floor slab. In other modified embodiments, the horizontal module 02 may employ a laminated floor slab; when the span is large, filling foam can be used for weight reduction or prestress application for reinforcement. The basic module 01 and the horizontal module 02 are combined to form a modular building structure whole. The end part of the top plate 1 of the basic module 01 is provided with a first mounting groove 9 for connecting the horizontal module 02; the outside of the side plate 2 of the basic module 01 is provided with a support bracket 10 for overlapping the horizontal module 02, and the horizontal module 02 is connected to the basic module 01 through an extension connection assembly 13 through a preset second installation groove.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another modified embodiment, the expansion connection assembly 13 includes a pull rod and a fastener, the middle part of the pull rod is placed in the vertical hole, and both ends of the pull rod are respectively fixed in the first mounting groove 9 of the top plate 1 and the second mounting groove of the horizontal module 02 through the fastener.
The method of assembly of the low-rise, multi-storey modular building structure system of this embodiment will now be briefly described with reference to the schematic diagram of figure 6:
(1) pouring and maintaining concrete of the basic module 01 and the horizontal module 02, burying various hanging rings, supporting sleeves and the like, reserving and pre-burying pipeline equipment, installing doors and windows and decorating and finishing in a factory.
(2) The base module 01 and the horizontal module 02 are transported to a construction site.
(3) Hoisting and positioning two basic modules 01, connecting the basic modules 01 with a foundation or supporting by adopting an inclined support, hoisting and positioning a horizontal module 02, placing the horizontal module 02 on the manufactured brackets of the two basic modules 01, inserting the horizontal module 02 into a second mounting groove and a first mounting groove 9 of the basic modules 01 through an expansion connecting assembly 13, connecting the two sides of the horizontal module 02 and the two basic modules 01 together, plugging cement mortar in the first mounting groove 9 and the second mounting groove, and finishing the pipeline butt joint and decorative surface leveling work of the layer.
In other modified embodiments, the connection between the basic module 01 and the horizontal module 02 may be a full length prestressed connection, that is, the prestressed tendons are inserted into the second installation groove of the horizontal module 02 and the first installation groove 9 of the basic module 01, and are tensioned by a post-tensioning method, and finally are fixed by an anchor head. This provides greater integrity between the horizontal module 02 and the base module 01.
Example 3
Referring to the illustrations of fig. 7 to 10, the present embodiment 3 is a low-rise and multi-story modular building structure system, which comprises a low-rise and multi-story building formed by assembling a plurality of sets of basic modules 01 and horizontal modules 02 in the embodiment 2, wherein in the same-story building structure, two basic modules 01 arranged at intervals are connected together through the horizontal modules 02 (the detailed connection structure in the embodiment 2 is referred to); two adjacent basic modules 01 are closely spliced in the width direction and connected together through a horizontal connecting assembly 14 (namely, the long edges of the top plates 1 of the two basic modules 01 are closely spliced together), and the horizontal connecting assembly 14 is fixed in the connecting grooves 6 of the two side plates 2 of the two adjacent basic modules 01 to connect the two adjacent basic modules 01 together. In the upper and lower two-storey building structure, two vertically placed basic modules 01 are connected together through a vertical connecting assembly 15, and the vertical connecting assembly 15 is fixed in vertical pore channels 17 of the two vertical basic modules 01 and is used for connecting the two vertically placed basic modules 01. The step protrusion 8 of the basic module 01 at the upper layer is placed on the step notch 7 of the basic module 01 at the lower layer, and the vertical connecting assembly 15 passes through the vertical hole 17 of the two vertical basic modules 01 and connects the two vertical basic modules 01 together.
It should be noted that, for the sake of clarity of the drawings, only two-story building structures are illustrated in fig. 7 to 10, which does not mean that the solution of the present embodiment includes only two-story building structures, and low-story and multi-story building structures may be provided according to actual building requirements.
In this embodiment, the expansion connection assembly 13, the horizontal connection assembly 14 and the vertical connection assembly 15 have the same structure, and include a pull rod and a fastener, where the pull rod is a screw rod 11 with an external thread at an end portion, and the fastener is a nut 12 with an internal thread; the middle part of the screw 11 is arranged in a vertical pore passage or a horizontal pore passage Andong or a vertical pore passage 17, the two ends of the screw 11 are fixed in the first mounting groove 9 of the top plate 1 and the second mounting groove of the horizontal module 02 by the nut 12, or the two ends of the screw 11 are fixed in the connecting grooves 6 of the side plates 2 of two basic modules 01 on the same layer by the nut 12, or the two ends of the screw 11 are fixed in the connecting grooves 6 of the basic modules 01 on the upper layer and the basic modules 01 on the lower layer by the nut 12. Referring to fig. 10, which is a horizontal cross-sectional view of the connection node of the side plates 2 of two adjacent basic modules 01 on the same layer, it can be seen that the side plate 2 of one basic module 01 is closely spliced with the side plate 2 of the other basic module 01, and the horizontal tunnels 16 of the two side plates 2 are completely aligned; firstly, inserting the screw rod 11 into the horizontal pore passage 16 from the connecting groove 6 of one side plate 2 (the step can be completed before hoisting), and then pushing one end of the screw rod 11 into the connecting groove 6 of the other side plate 2; and then two nuts 12 are used for screwing the screw rods 11 from the connecting grooves 6 of the two side plates 2, so that the screw rods 11 are fixed, and the connection between the two side plates 2 is realized. The screw rod 11 and the nut 12 are connected in a dry mode, field operation is convenient, stress is clear, wet operation amount is small, and the screw rod 11 and the nut 12 can be prevented from rusting only by plugging cement mortar in the connecting groove 6 subsequently.
In this embodiment, since the number of rooms on each floor is three, one horizontal module 02 is used in each floor in cooperation with two basic modules 01; the depth of the designed building is equal to the width of two basic modules 01, so that the two basic modules 01 are adjacently spliced to form a room. In other embodiments, the basic module 01 and the horizontal module 02 with different size standards can be matched according to the requirements of building design, so that different sizes can be obtained
Referring to the schematic diagrams of fig. 7 and fig. 8, on the basis of the above embodiment, in a modified embodiment, in order to ensure the stress continuity and integrity between two adjacent horizontal modules 02 on the same layer, the side edges of the horizontal modules 02 in the length direction are further provided with L-shaped notches 18, the L-shaped notches 18 of the two adjacent horizontal modules 02 are closely spliced to form a laminated cast-in-place area 03, and the laminated cast-in-place area 03 is provided with additional reinforcing steel bars (not shown in the figure) and cast-in-place concrete (not shown in the figure) crossing the spliced seams of the two horizontal modules 02. That is, two adjacent horizontal modules 02 are connected in the house depth direction by adopting the mode of edge part overlapping cast-in-place connection, and after the L-shaped gaps 18 of the two horizontal modules 02 are densely spliced, only a relatively narrow template needs to be placed at the bottom of the spliced seam, and the concrete with the ribs and the two L-shaped gaps 18 is poured on site, so that the field wet workload is small, and the construction efficiency is high.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another modified embodiment, door and/or window openings 5 can be opened on the side plates 2 of the base module 01 at the designated positions according to the requirements of building design.
Referring to the illustrations of fig. 8 to 10, the base modules 01 in the present embodiment are connected to each other in the house depth and height direction by the connecting grooves 6 and the horizontal connecting members 14 on the side plates 2.
Referring to the schematic illustration of fig. 7, the method for assembling the low-rise and multi-story modular building structure system in the present embodiment is different from that in embodiment 2 in that, on the basis of the steps in embodiment 2, the method further comprises the following steps:
(4) and (4) completing construction of all the basic modules 01 and the horizontal modules 02 in the depth direction of the building according to the step (3).
(5) Hoisting the basic module 01 of the previous layer, placing the step bulge 8 of the basic module 01 of the previous layer at the step notch 7 of the basic module 01 of the next layer, and connecting the side plates 2 of two vertical adjacent basic modules 01 together by adopting a screw rod 11 and a nut 12; hoisting the horizontal module 02, and completing installation and construction according to the step (3); when the horizontal modules 02 are hoisted, the L-shaped notches 18 of the two adjacent horizontal modules 02 are spliced closely to form a superposed cast-in-place area 03.
(6) And placing an additional rib crossing the abutted seam of the two horizontal modules 02 in the area of the superposed cast-in-place area 03, and then pouring concrete and curing and forming.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present application and not for limiting the protection scope thereof, and although the present application is described in detail with reference to the above embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should understand that: numerous variations, modifications, and equivalents will occur to those skilled in the art upon reading the present application and are within the scope of the claims as issued or as granted.

Claims (10)

1. A basic module for a building is characterized by comprising a top plate and two side plates which are integrally formed, wherein the two side plates are respectively connected with two side edges of the top plate to form a concrete door type frame, hidden columns are arranged on two vertical side edges of the two side plates, hidden beams are arranged on the top side and the bottom side of the two side plates, two side edges of the top plate are respectively connected with the hidden beams on the top sides of the two side plates, at least one hidden column of the side plates is internally provided with a plurality of horizontal pore channels which horizontally penetrate through the hidden column, at least one hidden beam of the side plates is internally provided with a plurality of vertical pore canals which vertically penetrate through the hidden beam, the positions of the side plates, which are adjacent to the hidden beam and the hidden column, are also provided with a plurality of connecting grooves which respectively correspond to the horizontal pore passages and the vertical pore passages, and the horizontal pore passages and the vertical pore passages are communicated with the corresponding connecting grooves one by one; at least one hidden beam on the top side of the side plate is provided with a supporting bracket on the surface of the outer side far away from the top plate.
2. The base module for building according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of first installation grooves are further formed at one/both side edges of the top plate, a plurality of vertical ducts perpendicular to the side plates are further formed in the hidden beam at the top of at least one of the side plates, and the plurality of first installation grooves are in one-to-one correspondence and communication with the plurality of vertical ducts.
3. The base module for building according to claim 2, wherein the hidden beams at the top of the two side plates are further provided with a through long step notch at the outer edge far away from the top plate, the hidden beams at the bottom of the two side plates are further provided with a through long step protrusion at the outer edge far away from the top plate, and the step notch and the step protrusion are matched in shape.
4. The base module for construction according to claim 3, wherein the horizontal duct includes an outer end and an inner end, the outer end of the horizontal duct is flush with the side surface of the hidden post, and the coupling groove communicating with the horizontal duct is correspondingly provided at the inner end of the horizontal duct; the vertical pore includes outer end and inner end, the outer end of vertical pore with the surface of dark roof beam is flush, with the spread groove of vertical pore intercommunication is located the inner end of vertical pore and with the dark roof beam is adjacent.
5. A low and multi-storey modular building construction system, comprising at least two base modules for a building as claimed in claim 4, at least one horizontal module and an extension connection assembly, the two base modules being spaced apart and connected together by the horizontal module, the horizontal module resting on its two end bottom sides on the support brackets of the two base modules; horizontal module with the both sides edge that the roof is adjacent all is provided with a plurality of second mounting grooves, extension coupling assembling fixes the first mounting groove of roof with be used for connecting in the second mounting groove of horizontal module and two basic module.
6. A low, multi-storey modular building structure system according to claim 5, wherein the expansion joint assembly includes a tie bar and a fastener, the tie bar having a middle portion disposed in the vertical bore, the tie bar having two ends secured within the first mounting groove of the top plate and the second mounting groove of the horizontal module respectively by the fastener.
7. A low, multi-level modular building structure system according to claim 5, further comprising horizontal connecting members, wherein the length of said base modules is the distance between two of said side panels, two of said base modules adjacently disposed are closely fitted in the width direction and connected by said horizontal connecting members, and said horizontal connecting members are fixed in the connecting grooves of two of said side panels of two of said adjacent base modules.
8. A low and multi-storey modular building structure system according to claim 5, wherein the horizontal modules are further provided with L-shaped notches at their lengthwise side edges, the L-shaped notches of two adjacent horizontal modules are closely fitted to form a laminated cast-in-place area, and the laminated cast-in-place area is provided with additional reinforcing bars and cast-in-place concrete across the joint of the two horizontal modules.
9. A low, multi-storey modular building structure system according to claim 5, further comprising vertical connection assemblies by which two of the base modules placed vertically are connected, the step protrusion of the base module on the upper storey resting on the step notch of the base module on the lower storey, the vertical connection assemblies being fixed within the vertical tunnels of the two base modules placed vertically for connecting the two base modules placed vertically.
10. A low, multi-storey modular building structure system according to any one of claims 5 to 9 wherein the side panels are provided with door and/or window openings.
CN202022972541.4U 2020-12-11 2020-12-11 Basic module for building and low and multi-storey modular building structure system Active CN215055686U (en)

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