Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at developing a multistage grain of rice cleaning machine that washs and the edulcoration through the gas-liquid cooperation to the grain of rice, replaces the manual work to carry out high-efficient operation, but makes the water cyclic utilization of washing usefulness.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes:
the multistage rice grain cleaning machine comprises a shell, wherein a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe are arranged on the shell, an air outlet is arranged on the side face of the upper portion of the shell, a structure column is arranged inside the shell at the air outlet, a connecting pipe is arranged between the structure column and the inner wall of the shell, a material dispersing disc is arranged at the top of the structure column, a filtering tank is arranged on the side portion of the shell, a filtering mechanism is arranged in the filtering tank, rice separating nets are arranged in the air outlet and the communicating ports of the water inlet pipe, the water outlet pipe and the shell, a plurality of nozzles are arranged on the outer wall of the structure column, an air source pipe of a conveying air source penetrates through the connecting pipe of a hollow structure to enter the structure column to be communicated with the nozzles, the water inlet pipe is communicated with the filtering tank at the lower portion of the filtering mechanism, the water outlet pipe is communicated with the filtering tank at the upper portion of the filtering mechanism, the filtering mechanism comprises three layers of filtering nets arranged in the filtering tank, and the three layers of filtering nets are arranged up and down, and the sizes of the sieve pores of the three layers of the filter screens are sequentially reduced from top to bottom.
Optionally, the bulk material dish is conical, evenly be covered with a plurality of protruding grains on the side of bulk material dish, protruding grain is the hemisphere.
Optionally, a fan is arranged in the air outlet, the fan is arranged on the outer side of the rice separating net, and a dust filtering bag is sleeved on the air outlet side of the fan.
Optionally, the water inlet pipe is arranged on the side surface of the bottom of the shell, and the water outlet pipe is arranged on the side surface of the middle of the shell and is positioned at the lower part of the connecting pipe.
Optionally, the inlet tube sets up on the slope of vertical direction, the inlet tube is in higher end with the intercommunication mouth of casing, the inside cavity of casing is cylindrical, the axial of inlet tube is the acute angle at the radial contained angle of the projection of horizontal plane and the inside cavity of casing.
Optionally, the communication port of the water outlet pipe and the shell is higher than the communication port of the water outlet pipe and the filter tank.
Optionally, filtering mechanism still includes the structure pole, the filter screen is located on the structure pole, filter tank bottoms portion and be equipped with the vaulting pole of vertical setting, the top of vaulting pole and the bottom of structure pole are equipped with slot and the inserted bar of mutually supporting respectively.
Optionally, the structure pole is equipped with three base, and is three equidistant three the filter screen is located respectively on the three base.
Optionally, the filter screen is round platform shape, the smaller one side of filter screen diameter is downward, it is equipped with the top cap to filter tank deck portion, after the vaulting pole was inserted to the structure pole, the top of structure pole supports on the bottom surface of top cap.
Optionally, a feed inlet is formed in the top of the shell, the feed inlet is formed right above the bulk material disc, and a discharge outlet is formed in the bottom of the shell.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model discloses a gas-liquid cooperation carries out multistage washing and edulcoration to the grain of rice, most impurity is washed out by the air current before not getting into the aquatic washing in the grain of rice promptly, make impurity and rice primary separation, reduce follow-up rice at the abluent time of aquatic, prevent that water from excessively washing the rice, and do not set up the stirring in the casing of washing rice or stir the structure of usefulness, prevent that structure and rice collision from leading to cracked or the wearing and tearing friction of rice, the embryo and the nutrient substance on rice surface have been destroyed, lead rice to move through the rivers of rushing into in the casing, make the impurity on rice surface waft into the aquatic, and realize the filtration to water through letting in filtering mechanism with water circulation, gradually with the showy impurity separation of rice and aquatic, the water consumption has been reduced by a wide margin.
In the following, only certain exemplary embodiments are briefly described. As those skilled in the art can appreciate, the described embodiments may be modified in various different ways, without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description are to be regarded as illustrative in nature, and not as restrictive.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present invention, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the present invention.
Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figures 1-3, the utility model discloses a rice washing device, including casing 1, casing 1 is inside to be equipped with columniform cavity, and on casing 1 located the pillar, the pillar was as the bearing structure of casing 1. The top of the shell 1 is provided with a feeding hole 2, rice enters the shell 1 from the feeding hole 2, rice washing operation is carried out in the shell 1, the bottom of the shell 1 is provided with a discharging hole 3, and the rice after the rice washing operation is finished is output from the discharging hole 3.
The side of the upper part of the shell 1 is evenly provided with a plurality of air outlets, a layer of rice separating net 6 is arranged in each air outlet, a fan 22 is arranged in each air outlet on the outer side of the rice separating net 6, and a dust filtering bag 23 is sleeved on the air outlet side of each fan 22.
The inside structure post 16 that is equipped with of casing 1 of air outlet department, structure post 16 and the inside cavity coaxial line setting of casing 1, evenly be covered with a plurality of nozzles 17 on the structure post 16 outer wall, structure post 16 bottom is equipped with a plurality of connecting pipes 18 with casing 1 inner wall connection. The connecting pipe 18 is a hollow pipe, the connecting pipe 18 is used for supporting the structural column 16 and simultaneously allowing an air source pipe 19 for conveying an air source to pass through, the air source pipe 19 enters the structural column 16 from the inside of the connecting pipe 18 and is communicated with the nozzle 17, and an external air source enters the nozzle 17 through the air source pipe 19.
The top of structure post 16 is equipped with bulk cargo dish 20, and bulk cargo dish 20 is located under feed inlet 2, and bulk cargo dish 20 is conical, and bulk cargo dish 20 and the setting of structure post 16 coaxial line evenly are covered with a plurality of protruding grain 21 on the side of bulk cargo dish 20, and protruding grain 21 is the hemisphere.
Two water outlet pipes 4 are arranged on the side surface of the middle part of the shell 1, and the communication ports of the two water outlet pipes 4 and the shell 1 are positioned in the radial direction of the inner cavity of the shell 1 and positioned at the lower part of the structural column 16.
Two water inlet pipes 5 are arranged on the side surface of the bottom of the shell 1, and the communication ports of the two water inlet pipes 5 and the shell 1 are positioned in the radial direction of the cavity in the shell 1. The inlet tube 5 sets up on the slope of vertical direction, and inlet tube 5 is in higher end with casing 1's intercommunication mouth, and the axial of inlet tube 5 is the acute angle at the radial contained angle of projection and the 1 inside cavity of casing of horizontal plane, makes inlet tube 5 get into the water spiral upward flow in casing 1 to this makes the water in the casing 1 be spiral upward movement.
The water outlet pipe 4 is provided with a rice separating net 6 in the communicating port of the shell 1 and the communicating port of the water inlet pipe 5 and the shell 1, and the size of the sieve pores of the rice separating net 6 is smaller than the minimum particle size of the rice grains, so that the rice grains can not pass through the rice separating net 6.
The side of the shell 1 is provided with a filter tank 7, a cavity in the filter tank 7 is cylindrical, a filter mechanism is arranged in the filter tank 7, the bottom of the filter tank 7 is provided with a support rod 10 for supporting and bearing the filter mechanism, and the top of the filter tank 7 is provided with a top cover 8 which can be opened and closed.
The filtering mechanism comprises a structural rod 11, three bases 12 are arranged on the structural rod 11 at equal intervals, the bases 12 are of disc structures, and the diameter of each base 12 is slightly larger than that of the structural rod 11.
The stay bar 10 is coaxially arranged with a cavity inside the filtering tank 7, the top end of the stay bar 10 is provided with a slot 14 coaxially arranged with the stay bar, the bottom end of the structural bar 11 is provided with an inserted bar 15 coaxially arranged with the stay bar 10 and matched with the slot 14, the inserted bar 15 of the structural bar 11 is inserted into the slot 14 of the stay bar 10 to realize the connection of the structural bar 11 and the stay bar 10, and after the structural bar 11 is connected with the stay bar 10, the structural bar 11 is also coaxial with the cavity inside the filtering tank 7. After the structural bar 11 is inserted into the stay bar 10, the bottom surface of the top cover 8 abuts against the top of the structural bar 11, thereby realizing the fixation of the structural bar 11.
Be equipped with filter screen 13 on base 12, filter screen 13 is the round platform shape, the less one side of filter screen 13 diameter is down, the bottom internal diameter and the base 12 edge connection of filter screen 13, filter screen 13's top external diameter and the contact of filtering jar 7 inner wall, filter screen 13's sieve mesh size reduces from top to bottom in proper order on three base 12, the great impurity of particle diameter is filtered to uppermost filter screen 13, middle part filter screen 13 filters the impurity that the particle diameter is placed in the middle of, the less impurity of particle diameter is filtered to lowermost part filter screen 13 to this realizes hierarchical filtration.
The communicating port of the water outlet pipe 4 and the filtering tank 7 is positioned at the upper part of the filtering mechanism, and the communicating port of the water outlet pipe 4 and the filtering tank 7 is lower than the communicating port of the water outlet pipe 4 and the shell 1, so that the water in the shell 1 continuously enters the filtering tank 7 through the water outlet pipe 4. The inlet tube 5 is located the filtering mechanism lower part with the intercommunication mouth that filters jar 7 to be equipped with pump 9 on the inlet tube 5, will filter the water pump after the jar 7 in through pump 9 and go into in the casing 1.
The water of washing rice is equipped with in the casing 1 and in filtering jar 7 to the water level is not higher than connecting pipe 18, and in the rice got into casing 1 by feed inlet 2, the rice dropped on bulk cargo dish 20, and under bulk cargo dish 20's effect, the rice was circular scattering, and protruding grain 21 on bulk cargo dish 20 surface slows down the time that the rice passed through on bulk cargo dish 20, makes the thickness evenly distributed of rice on bulk cargo dish 20, makes bulk cargo dish 20 further even bulk cargo. The rice is circular the falling by 20 side bottoms of bulk cargo dish, structure post 16 is in the middle part of the circular rice that falls, the outside air supply that has certain pressure gets into nozzle 17 by air supply pipe 19, and by nozzle 17 blowout, make structure post 16 produce the high-speed air current that flows of outside circumference direction, the air current erodees the grain of rice, most impurity on grain of rice surface is blown to the air outlet department in the structure post 16 outside by the air current, the intraoral fan 22 drainage of air outlet, introduce the casing 1 with the air current outside, impurity is filtered in getting into dust filter bag 23 along with the air current, the grain of rice falls into the aquatic in the casing 1 after the air current erodees and carries out first edulcoration, the intraoral rice that separates of air outlet net 6 can prevent that the rice from getting into the air outlet.
Pump machine 9 operation, water is gone into in casing 1 by inlet tube 5 pump, because inlet tube 5 slopes and radially inclines to set up at the 1 cavity of casing on vertical direction, make inlet tube 5 spun water be the ascending motion of spiral, make the water in the casing 1 be spiral upward flow, impurity in the rice flows and collides each other along with washing of water, impurity wafts and flows along with water in the aquatic, export by outlet pipe 4 behind the spiral upward motion of water, separate rice net 6 prevent that the rice from getting into inlet tube 5 or outlet pipe 4 in, impurity passes separate rice net 6 and gets into in filtering tank 7 by outlet pipe 4, the water that contains impurity passes through three-layer filter screen 13's hierarchical filtration, impurity all gathers on three-layer filter screen 13, and collect on the base 12 in the middle of filter screen 13 bottom, water passes filter mechanism and filters the back, pump machine 9 pump income casing 1, realize the circulation.
The utility model discloses a gas-liquid cooperation is to rice edulcoration, most impurity is washed out by the air current before not getting into the aquatic washing in the grain of rice promptly, make impurity and rice primary separation, reduce follow-up rice abluent time in aqueous, prevent water from excessively washing rice, and it stirs the structure of usefulness not set up in the casing 1 of washing rice, prevent that the structure from colliding with the rice and leading to cracked or the wearing and tearing friction of rice, the embryo and the nutrient substance on rice surface have been destroyed, lead the rice to move through the rivers of rushing into in casing 1, make the impurity on rice surface waft into the aquatic, and realize the filtration to water through letting in filter mechanism with the hydrologic cycle, gradually with the floated separation of impurities of rice and aquatic, the water consumption has been reduced by a wide margin.
The above-mentioned embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not to the limitation of the technical solution of the present invention, as long as the technical solution can be realized on the basis of the above-mentioned embodiment without creative work, all should be regarded as falling into the protection scope of the right of the present invention.