CN214992756U - Biological decontamination detention facility structure in rainy area - Google Patents

Biological decontamination detention facility structure in rainy area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214992756U
CN214992756U CN202120802810.4U CN202120802810U CN214992756U CN 214992756 U CN214992756 U CN 214992756U CN 202120802810 U CN202120802810 U CN 202120802810U CN 214992756 U CN214992756 U CN 214992756U
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water
baffle
area
filter layer
rainwater
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CN202120802810.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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王小冠
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Shenzhen Ocean Landscape Engineering Design Co ltd
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Shenzhen Ocean Landscape Engineering Design Co ltd
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Abstract

The application relates to the field of biological detention systems, in particular to a biological decontamination detention facility structure for rainy areas, which comprises a value soil layer, a filter layer and a water collection area, wherein the value soil layer is higher than a road surface and is planted with vegetation; the filtering layer is lower than the road surface, and the road surface is provided with a water inlet; the catchment area is located the filter layer below, install the water pump in the catchment area, the play water end of water pump is connected with the irrigation shower nozzle, the delivery port of irrigation shower nozzle is higher than the value soil layer, the rainwater enters into the filter layer through the preliminary purification on value soil layer earlier, the rainwater of road surface department passes through the water inlet and directly gets into in the filter layer, the filter layer can fully filter the rainwater, make cleaner water enter into and save in the catchment area, can start the water pump in the catchment area when precipitation is less, rainwater in the water pump drive catchment area is from irrigating shower nozzle blowout, the vegetation of value soil layer department is irrigated, make the rainwater obtain make full use of, the phenomenon that rainwater resource was wasted has been improved.

Description

Biological decontamination detention facility structure in rainy area
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of biological detention systems, in particular to a biological decontamination detention facility structure in a rainy region.
Background
Surface runoff of rainwater caused by urbanization is the main reason of water pollution in many urban areas in the world, the urbanization process is accelerated continuously, the area of an impermeable underlying surface in the area is enlarged, and pollutants attached to roads, roofs and other places can flush into sewers along with the rainwater during rainfall and enter rivers or gulfs through urban drainage systems.
The utility model discloses a chinese utility model patent that bulletin number is CN212078161U at present discloses a rainy area biological decontamination is detained facility structure, including value soil layer, detention layer and drainage blanket, be provided with the vegetation on the value soil layer, vegetation and value soil layer constitute first heavy filtration, and the detention layer includes artificial packing layer and submerges the district, and artificial packing layer constitutes the second heavy filtration, submerges the district and constitutes the third heavy filtration, and the rainwater leaves from the drainage blanket after first heavy filtration, second heavy filtration and third heavy filtration in proper order.
In view of the above-mentioned related technologies, the inventor believes that after rainwater is subjected to triple filtration, a large amount of pollutants in the rainwater are reduced, and rainwater resources are easily wasted when the rainwater directly enters a drainage system.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to improve the phenomenon of rainwater wasting of resources, this application provides a biological decontamination is detained facility structure in rainy area.
The application provides a biological decontamination is detained facility structure in rainy area adopts following technical scheme:
a biological decontamination detention facility structure for a rainy region comprises a value soil layer, a filter layer and a water collection region, wherein the value soil layer is higher than a road surface, and vegetation is planted on the value soil layer; the filtering layer is lower than the road surface, and a water inlet is formed in the road surface; the water collecting area is located below the filter layer, a water pump is installed in the water collecting area, the water outlet end of the water pump is connected with an irrigation spray nozzle, and the water outlet of the irrigation spray nozzle is higher than a soil layer.
By adopting the technical scheme, the vegetation is planted in the value soil layer, so that the vegetation can play a role in beautifying the environment and can reduce the phenomenon of water and soil loss in the value soil layer; the rainwater passes through the preliminary purification of value soil layer earlier and enters into the filter layer again, the rainwater of road surface department passes through the water inlet and directly gets into in the filter layer, the filter layer can carry out abundant filtration to the rainwater, make cleaner water enter into and save in the catchment district, be provided with the water pump in the catchment district, the irrigation shower nozzle is connected to the water pump, can start the water pump when precipitation is less, rainwater in the water pump drive catchment district is spout from irrigation shower nozzle, irrigate the vegetation of value soil layer department, make the rainwater obtain make full use of, the phenomenon that rainwater resource was wasted has been improved.
Optionally, a water inlet partition plate is arranged at the water inlet, and a through hole is formed in the water inlet partition plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, probably there is domestic waste on the road surface, the baffle of intaking is located water inlet department, and the rainwater can enter into the filter layer through the through-hole in, and domestic waste is blockked and keeps away from filter layer one side at the baffle of intaking, can reduce domestic waste and enter into the phenomenon that influences the filter effect in the filter layer.
Optionally, the water inlet partition plate comprises a first baffle and a second baffle, one side of the first baffle is rotatably connected with the edge of the soil layer, one side of the second baffle is rotatably connected with the road surface, the other side of the second baffle is close to the filter layer, and a collecting bag is detachably connected between the first baffle and the second baffle.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can dismantle the purpose of connecting the collection bag between first baffle and second baffle, the domestic waste of road surface department can get into in the collection bag through the erodeing of rainwater, and sanitation workman can dismantle the collection bag after the rain stops, handles domestic waste in unison.
Optionally, the soil layer and the filtering layer are provided with a limiting strip on one side close to the road surface, and the first baffle is rotatably connected with the limiting strip.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, spacing can reduce the phenomenon that value soil layer and filter layer are washd to road surface department by the rainwater, can play the guard action to value soil layer and filter layer.
Optionally, a first positioning strip and a first positioning sheet are arranged on one side, close to the second baffle, of the first baffle, the first positioning strip is clamped with the first positioning sheet, and one side of the collecting bag is located between the first positioning strip and the first positioning sheet;
the second baffle is provided with second location strip and second spacer near first baffle one side, the second location strip with the second spacer joint, the collection bag opposite side is located between second location strip and the second spacer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, collection bag one side can be dismantled through first location strip and first spacer and connect on first baffle, and the opposite side can be dismantled through second location strip and second spacer and connect on the second baffle, and when the domestic waste collection in the collection bag was full, with first location strip and the separation of first location strip, second location strip and the separation of second location strip, can dismantle the collection bag from first baffle and second baffle.
Optionally, the water collecting area comprises a water collecting tank, and the extending direction of the water collecting tank is consistent with the extending direction of the road surface; a flow guiding slope is arranged below the filter layer, one side of the guide plate is close to the filter layer, and the other side of the guide plate inclines towards the water collecting tank.
By adopting the technical scheme, the purpose that the extending direction of the water collecting tank is consistent with the extending direction of the road surface is to collect rainwater on the whole road; the purpose of setting up the water conservancy diversion slope is that, the rainwater can flow to the water catch bowl along the water conservancy diversion slope of slope and collect after the filtering layer filters for the mobile speed of rainwater.
Optionally, the lateral wall of the water collecting tank is provided with a water pipe, and the water pipe is connected with a city drainage system.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when precipitation is too much, the unable whole rainwater of storage of water-collecting area department, unnecessary rainwater can flow to urban drainage system in through the water pipe this moment, finally gets into river or bay, has reduced the rainwater reverse osmosis's that the rainwater too much leads to in the water-collecting area phenomenon.
Optionally, a support frame is arranged below the filter layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the support frame can play the effect that supports the enhancement to the filter layer, can reduce the phenomenon that the filter layer is washed out under the heavy rain weather.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
the rainwater after the filtration is accomplished temporarily leaves in the water-collecting zone, can use the water in the water-collecting zone to irrigate the vegetation when external environment is comparatively arid, has improved the utilization ratio of rainwater resource, has reduced the waste of rainwater resource.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a partial explosion configuration of an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 4 is an enlarged view at a in fig. 3.
Description of reference numerals: 100. soil layer grading; 110. vegetation; 120. a limiting strip; 200. a filter layer; 300. a water collection area; 310. a water pump; 311. an irrigation spray head; 320. a water collection tank; 330. a diversion slope; 340. a water pipe; 400. a pavement; 410. a water inlet; 420. a water inlet clapboard; 421. a through hole; 422. a first baffle plate; 4221. a first positioning bar; 4222. a first positioning sheet; 423. a second baffle; 4231. a second positioning bar; 4232. a second positioning sheet; 430. a collection bag; 500. a support frame.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-4.
The embodiment of the application discloses a biological decontamination detention facility structure in a rainy area.
Referring to fig. 1, the biofouling facilities are symmetrically disposed on both sides of a road surface 400, and include a value soil layer 100 in which vegetation 110 is planted, a filter layer 200 positioned under the value soil layer 100, and a catchment area 300 positioned under the filter layer 200. When the outside falls, the rainwater firstly passes through the soil layer 100, then passes through the filter layer 200 and finally enters the water collecting area 300. The value soil layer 100 can carry out primary filtration to the rainwater, and the rainwater can also play the irrigation effect to the vegetation 110 of value soil layer 100 department simultaneously. Filter layer 200 can further filter the rainwater for the rainwater is cleaner, and quartz sand can be selected to filter layer 200 in this application embodiment. The filtered rainwater is temporarily stored in the water collecting area 300, a plurality of water pipes 340 are arranged at the opening of the water collecting area 300, and the water pipes 340 can be connected with a drainage system of a city. When more rainwater is in the water collection area 300, the rainwater can enter the urban drainage system through the water pipe 340, so that the phenomenon that the rainwater spreads from the water collection area 300 to the filter layer 200 is reduced.
Referring to fig. 2, a support frame 500 is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the filter layer 200, so as to support the filter layer 200 and reduce the collapse of the filter layer 200 to the water collection area 300.
The water collecting area 300 comprises a water collecting tank 320, a water pump 310 is arranged in the water collecting tank 320, the extending direction of the water collecting tank 320 is consistent with the extending direction of the road surface 400, the water outlet end of the water pump 310 is connected with an irrigation nozzle 311, and the irrigation nozzle 311 is higher than the vegetation 110 in the soil layer 100. When the external environment is dry, the water pump 310 may be started to spray the rainwater in the water collecting area 300 to the soil layer 100 through the irrigation nozzle 311, so as to irrigate the vegetation 110.
Inclined diversion slopes 330 are further arranged on two sides of the water collection tank 320, one side of each diversion slope 330 is close to the filter layer 200, the other side of each diversion slope 330 is inclined towards the interior of the water collection tank 320, rainwater can enter the water collection tank 320 along the inclined diversion slopes 330 after being filtered, and the phenomenon that rainwater flows unsmoothly is reduced.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, limiting strips 120 are disposed on the side of the soil horizon 100 and the filter 200 close to the road 400, and the limiting strips 120 are formed by pouring concrete in the embodiment of the present application, so that the phenomenon that the soil horizon 100 and the filter 200 are scattered to the road 400 by rainwater can be reduced. A water inlet 410 is formed at the junction of the limiting strip 120 and the road surface 400, and rainwater on the road surface 400 can enter the filter layer 200 through the water inlet 410.
Water inlet 410 department is connected with into water baffle 420, including first baffle 422 and second baffle 423, first baffle 422 rotates to be connected on spacing strip 120, and second baffle 423 rotates to be connected on road surface 400, has all seted up through-hole 421 on first baffle 422 and the second baffle 423, and the rainwater can pass through-hole 421 and get into filter layer 200, and domestic waste on road surface 400 is blockked outside filter layer 200 by into water baffle 420.
Can dismantle between first baffle 422 and the second baffle 423 and be connected with collection bag 430, can collect the domestic waste on road surface 400, collect bag 430 and rotate first baffle 422 and second baffle 423 after filling for the space grow between first baffle 422 and the second baffle 423, take out collection bag 430 from between first baffle 422 and the second baffle 423.
The first baffle 422 is provided with a first positioning strip 4221 protruding from one side of the second baffle 423, one side of the collection bag 430 is placed on the first positioning strip 4221, and then the first positioning piece 4222 is used to be clamped with the first positioning strip 4221, so that one side of the collection bag 430 is fixed on the first baffle 422. The second barrier 423 is provided with a second positioning strip 4231 protruded from one side of the first barrier 422, and the other side of the collection bag 430 is placed on the second positioning strip 4231 and then snapped with the second positioning strip 4231 using a second positioning plate 4232 so that the other side of the collection bag 430 is fixed to the second barrier 423. When the collection bag 430 needs to be removed, the first positioning sheet 4222 is separated from the first positioning bar 4221, and the second positioning sheet 4232 is separated from the second positioning bar 4231.
The implementation principle of the biological decontamination detention facility structure in the rainy area is as follows: the biological decontamination detention facilities are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the pavement 400 and sequentially comprise a soil layer 100, a filter layer 200 and a water collection area 300 from top to bottom. When the outside falls, part of the rainwater enters the water collecting area 300 through the water collecting soil layer 100 and the filter layer 200 in sequence, and part of the rainwater scours the road surface 400 and enters the filter layer 200 from the water inlets 410 on the two sides of the road surface 400, and enters the water collecting area 300 after being filtered by the filter layer 200. In order to reduce the phenomenon that the domestic garbage on the road 400 pollutes the rainwater, a water inlet clapboard 420 is arranged at the water inlet 410, and a collecting bag 430 for collecting the domestic garbage is connected to the water inlet clapboard 420.
The opening of the water collecting area 300 is connected with the urban drainage system through a water pipe 340, and when the rainwater in the water collecting area 300 is excessive, the rainwater can be drained away through the urban drainage system in time. The inside water pump 310 that still is provided with of water catch area 300, water pump 310 play water end is connected with irrigation spray 311, and water pump 310 can drive the rainwater in the water catch area 300 to irrigation spray 311 department when external environment is comparatively arid, irrigates the vegetation 110 of value soil layer 100 department, is favorable to vegetation 110 normal growth, makes the rainwater after the filtration obtain make full use of simultaneously, has reduced the waste of rainwater resource.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is not limited by the above embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a facility structure is detained in biological decontamination in rainy area which characterized in that: the ecological floating island comprises a value soil layer (100), a filter layer (200) and a water collecting area (300), wherein the value soil layer (100) is higher than a road surface (400), and vegetation (110) are planted on the value soil layer (100); the filter layer (200) is lower than the road surface (400), and a water inlet (410) is formed in the road surface (400); the water collecting area (300) is located below the filter layer (200), a water pump (310) is installed in the water collecting area (300), an outlet end of the water pump (310) is connected with an irrigation nozzle (311), and a water outlet of the irrigation nozzle (311) is higher than a soil layer (100).
2. A stormwater area bioremediation facility structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a water inlet partition plate (420) is arranged at the water inlet (410), and a through hole (421) is formed in the water inlet partition plate (420).
3. A stormwater area bioremediation facility structure as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the water inlet clapboard (420) comprises a first baffle (422) and a second baffle (423), wherein one side of the first baffle (422) is rotatably connected with the edge of the soil horizon (100); one side of the second baffle plate (423) is rotatably connected with the road surface (400), the other side of the second baffle plate is close to the filter layer (200), and a collecting bag (430) is detachably connected between the first baffle plate (422) and the second baffle plate (423).
4. A stormwater area bioremediation facility structure as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and the soil layer (100) and the filter layer (200) are provided with a limiting strip (120) on one side close to the road surface (400), and the first baffle (422) is rotationally connected with the limiting strip (120).
5. A stormwater area bioremediation facility structure as claimed in claim 3, wherein: one side, close to the second baffle (423), of the first baffle (422) is provided with a first positioning strip (4221) and a first positioning sheet (4222), the first positioning strip (4221) is clamped with the first positioning sheet (4222), and one side of the collection bag (430) is located between the first positioning strip (4221) and the first positioning sheet (4222);
the second baffle (423) is provided with a second positioning strip (4231) and a second positioning sheet (4232) near one side of the first baffle (422), the second positioning strip (4231) is clamped with the second positioning sheet (4232), and the other side of the collection bag (430) is positioned between the second positioning strip (4231) and the second positioning sheet (4232).
6. A stormwater area bioremediation facility structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the water collecting area (300) comprises a water collecting groove (320), and the extending direction of the water collecting groove (320) is consistent with the extending direction of the road surface (400); a flow guiding slope (330) is arranged below the filter layer (200), one side of the guide plate is close to the filter layer (200), and the other side of the guide plate inclines towards the water collecting tank (320).
7. A stormwater area bioremediation facility structure according to claim 6, wherein: the side wall of the water collecting tank (320) is provided with a water pipe (340), and the water pipe (340) is connected with a city drainage system.
8. A stormwater area bioremediation facility structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a support frame (500) is arranged below the filter layer (200).
CN202120802810.4U 2021-04-19 2021-04-19 Biological decontamination detention facility structure in rainy area Active CN214992756U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120802810.4U CN214992756U (en) 2021-04-19 2021-04-19 Biological decontamination detention facility structure in rainy area

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120802810.4U CN214992756U (en) 2021-04-19 2021-04-19 Biological decontamination detention facility structure in rainy area

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214992756U true CN214992756U (en) 2021-12-03

Family

ID=79093355

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120802810.4U Active CN214992756U (en) 2021-04-19 2021-04-19 Biological decontamination detention facility structure in rainy area

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214992756U (en)

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