CN214980232U - Clamping device - Google Patents

Clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214980232U
CN214980232U CN202120214521.2U CN202120214521U CN214980232U CN 214980232 U CN214980232 U CN 214980232U CN 202120214521 U CN202120214521 U CN 202120214521U CN 214980232 U CN214980232 U CN 214980232U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
standard
driving
clamping device
rotating
plate
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Active
Application number
CN202120214521.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
洪志谦
彭小刚
夏鹏
熊文书
谢齐荣
唐少林
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Hongfujin Precision Electronics Chengdu Co Ltd
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Hongfujin Precision Electronics Chengdu Co Ltd
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Application filed by Hongfujin Precision Electronics Chengdu Co Ltd filed Critical Hongfujin Precision Electronics Chengdu Co Ltd
Priority to CN202120214521.2U priority Critical patent/CN214980232U/en
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Abstract

The application provides a clamping device, which comprises a fixed seat, a rotating part, a driven part, a driving part and a driving part, wherein the fixed seat is used for fixing a first standard part, the rotating part is rotatably arranged on the fixed seat, one end of the rotating part is used for connecting a workpiece, the other end of the rotating part is used for connecting a second standard part, the second standard part is rotatably connected with the first standard part, and the rotating part moves along the axial direction of the rotating part under the synergistic action of the second standard part and the first standard part; the driven part is fixedly connected with the rotating part; the driving part is meshed with the driven part; the driving part is connected with the driving part and used for driving the driving part to rotate so as to drive the driven part and the rotating part to rotate. The clamping device is low in operation difficulty, small in machining difficulty, high in machining precision and capable of improving machining efficiency.

Description

Clamping device
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of clamping, in particular to a clamping device.
Background
The thread machining of the existing part is usually carried out by adopting a numerical control machine (CNC) machine tool and a traditional lathe, the machining materials are soft materials, if a high-strength screw part is needed, the use strength can be reached after the machined soft material part is subjected to heat treatment, but some thread parts are provided with other high-precision stations, the high-precision stations are machined after the heat treatment and are not easy to clamp, the machining difficulty is high, and the machining period is overlong.
Further, in order to reduce the processing difficulty of parts and shorten the processing period, a high-hardness part is clamped by a hand-operated grinding device to rotate at present, and then the high-hardness part is processed by a processing device, but the processing method has higher operation difficulty and higher requirement on operators, so that the processing efficiency is lower.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of the above, it is necessary to provide a clamping device with less operation difficulty and high processing efficiency to solve the above problems.
An embodiment of the present application provides a clamping device, includes:
the fixing seat is used for fixing the first standard component;
the rotating part is rotatably arranged on the fixed seat, one end of the rotating part is used for connecting a workpiece, the other end of the rotating part is used for connecting a second standard part, the second standard part is rotatably connected with the first standard part, and the rotating part moves along the axial direction of the rotating part under the synergistic action of the second standard part and the first standard part;
the driven part is fixedly connected with the rotating part;
the driving part is meshed with the driven part;
the driving part is connected with the driving part and used for driving the driving part to rotate so as to drive the driven part and the rotating part to rotate.
In some embodiments, the device further comprises a clamping member connected to one end of the rotating member for clamping the workpiece.
In some embodiments, the fixing base includes a fixing plate, the fixing plate is provided with a retaining groove, and the first standard component has a retaining portion, and the retaining portion is retained in the retaining groove.
In some embodiments, the driving member is engaged with the driving member and the driven member, and the driving member drives the driven member to rotate through the driving member.
In some embodiments, the transmission member includes a transmission shaft, a first transmission portion and a second transmission portion, the transmission shaft is rotatably disposed on the fixing base, the first transmission portion is fixed to the transmission shaft and engaged with the driving member, and the second transmission portion is fixed to the transmission shaft and engaged with the driven member.
In some embodiments, the fixing base further includes a base plate and a supporting plate, the supporting plate is connected to one side of the base plate, and the rotating member is rotatably disposed on the supporting plate.
In some embodiments, the fixing base further includes a connecting plate disposed on the base plate, the connecting plate is disposed opposite to the supporting plate, the first standard component is fixed to a side of the connecting plate opposite to the supporting plate, one end of the first standard component is inserted into the rotating component, and the driving component is rotatably disposed on the supporting plate.
In some embodiments, the first standard member has an external thread on its outer circumferential surface, the second standard member has an internal thread hole, the first standard member is inserted into the internal thread hole, and the external thread is matched with the internal thread of the internal thread hole.
In some embodiments, the dust cover is disposed on the fixing seat and covers the driving member and the driven member.
In some embodiments, the drive member is a handwheel or a stepper motor.
Foretell clamping device passes through the driving part drive driving part and rotates in order to drive the follower and rotate, can follow its axial displacement under second standard component and first standard component interact when rotating the piece and rotate for the axis along rotating the piece removes when the work piece rotates, thereby makes processingequipment to the outline processing formation of work piece with the same shape of first standard component, for prior art, the operation degree of difficulty of this application is low, the processing degree of difficulty is little, the machining precision is higher, machining efficiency has been improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an assembly structure diagram of a clamping device and a machining device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the chuck assembly shown in figure 1 taken along the direction II-II.
Figure 3 is an exploded view of the chuck assembly shown in figure 1.
Description of the main elements
Clamping device 100
Workpiece 200
Machining device 300
First standard 400
External thread 410
Catch part 420
Second standard component 500
Internally threaded bore 510
Fixing seat 10
Fixed plate 11
Catching groove 111
Substrate 12
Through-hole 121
Mounting hole 122
Supporting plate 13
Connecting plate 14
Bearing arrangement 15
Bearing 151
Bearing cap 152
Rotating member 20
Driven member 30
Driving part 40
Driving member 50
Clamp 60
Transmission member 70
Drive shaft 72
First transmission part 74
Second transmission part 76
Dust cover 80
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present application, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative and are only for the purpose of explaining the present application and are not to be construed as limiting the present application.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the application and for simplicity in description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated in a particular manner, and thus should not be considered limiting. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, features defined as "first", "second", may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the described features. In the description of the present application, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the description of the present application, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; may be mechanically connected, may be electrically connected or may be in communication with each other; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may comprise direct contact of the first and second features, or may comprise contact of the first and second features not directly but through another feature in between. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly above and obliquely above the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser level than the second feature.
The following disclosure provides many different embodiments or examples for implementing different features of the application. In order to simplify the disclosure of the present application, specific example components and arrangements are described below. Of course, they are merely examples and are not intended to limit the present application. Moreover, the present application may repeat reference numerals and/or letters in the various examples, such repetition is for the purpose of simplicity and clarity and does not in itself dictate a relationship between the various embodiments and/or configurations discussed. In addition, examples of various specific processes and materials are provided herein, but one of ordinary skill in the art may recognize applications of other processes and/or use of other materials.
Referring to fig. 1, the embodiment of the present application provides a clamping device 100 for clamping a workpiece 200 and driving the workpiece 200 to move, so that a processing device 300 processes an outer contour of the workpiece 200. In this embodiment, the machining device 300 may be a grinding wheel, a grinding disc, or the like, and the workpiece 200 is generally made of a hard material.
Referring to fig. 2, the clamping device 100 includes a fixing base 10, a rotating member 20, a driven member 30, a driving member 40 and a driving member 50.
The fixing base 10 is used for fixing the first standard component 400. The rotating member 20 is rotatably disposed on the fixing base 10, one end of the rotating member 20 is used for connecting the workpiece 200, the other end of the rotating member 20 is used for connecting the second standard member 500, the second standard member 500 is matched with the first standard member 400, and the rotating member 20 moves along the axial direction of the rotating member 20 under the cooperation of the second standard member 500 and the first standard member 400. The driven member 30 is fixedly connected to the rotation member 20. The driving member 40 is engaged with the driven member 30. The driving member 50 is connected to the driving member 40 for driving the driving member 40 to rotate, so as to drive the driven member 30 and the rotating member 20 to rotate.
The clamping device 100 drives the driving part 40 to rotate through the driving part 50 so as to drive the driven part 30 and the rotating part 20 to rotate, the rotating part 20 can move along the axial direction of the rotating part 20 under the synergistic effect of the second standard part 500 and the first standard part 400 while rotating, so that the workpiece 200 moves along the axis of the rotating part 20 while rotating, and the machining device 300 machines the outer contour of the workpiece 200 to form the shape identical to that of the first standard part 400.
Referring to fig. 3, in the present embodiment, the first standard component 400 is a screw or a bolt, the outer peripheral surface of the first standard component 400 is provided with an external thread 410, the second standard component 500 is provided with an internal thread hole 510, the first standard component 400 is disposed through the internal thread hole 510, and the external thread 410 is matched with the internal thread of the internal thread hole 510, it can be understood that the external thread 410 with the same outer contour as that of the first standard component 400 is formed on the outer contour of the workpiece 200, and the external thread 410 may be a standard thread or a non-standard thread.
The fixing base 10 includes a fixing plate 11, a base plate 12, two supporting plates 13 and a connecting plate 14.
The fixing plate 11 has a substantially rectangular shape. A holding groove 111 is formed in one side surface of the fixing plate 11, the holding groove 111 extends along the Z-axis direction and penetrates through the top surface of the fixing plate 11, and the cross section of the holding groove 111 perpendicular to the Z-axis is rectangular. The first standard component 400 has a holding portion 420, the holding portion 420 has a substantially rectangular parallelepiped structure, and the dimension in the Y-axis direction is the same as the dimension in the Y-axis direction of the holding groove 111, and the holding portion 420 can be clamped in the holding groove 111 to prevent the first standard component 400 from rotating during the processing. It is understood that in other embodiments, the catch 420 may be triangular prism, pentagonal prism, but is not limited thereto.
The substrate 12 is substantially rectangular. The substrate 12 has a through hole 121 and a plurality of mounting holes 122. The through-holes 121 facilitate installation and maintenance of the clamping device 100.
The support plate 13 is substantially rectangular. Two support plates 13 are spaced apart in the mounting hole 122 on one side of the base plate 12 in the X-axis direction by a connecting member such as a bolt, and the rotating members 20 are rotatably provided on the two support plates 13 by two bearing structures 15, respectively, to stably and smoothly rotate on the support plates 13.
Specifically, the bearing structure 15 includes a bearing 151 and a bearing cap 152, the bearing 151 is disposed on the corresponding supporting plate 13, the rotating member 20 is disposed on the bearing 151, the bearing cap 152 is capped on one side of the bearing 151, and the two bearing caps 152 are respectively disposed on the surfaces of the two supporting plates 13 that are far away from each other. It is understood that the bearings 151 include, but are not limited to, ball bearings. It will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the bearing cap 152 may be omitted.
The connecting plate 14 is substantially rectangular in shape. The connecting plate 14 is disposed on the base plate 12, the connecting plate 14 and the supporting plate 13 are disposed in parallel and spaced in the X-axis direction, wherein the fixing plate 11 and the first standard 400 are fixed on a side of the connecting plate 14 opposite to the supporting plate 13, and one end of the first standard 400 is inserted into the rotating member 20. A shaft is disposed on the support plate 13 at a position corresponding to the driving member 40, and the driving member 40 is sleeved on the shaft, that is, the driving member 40 is rotatably disposed on the support plate 13 through the shaft.
The rotor 20 has a cylindrical structure. One end of the rotation member 20 is positioned between the support plates 13 and the connection plate 14, and the other end of the rotation member 20 passes through the two support plates 13 in sequence. The first standard member 400 is substantially block-shaped and is adjacent to the fixed plate 11 of the rotating member 20 with respect to the driven member 30.
The driven member 30 and the driving member 40 are both gears, and the driven member 30 is located between the supporting plate 13 and the connecting plate 14 and is sleeved on the rotating member 20 through a key.
The driving member 50 is a handwheel or a stepping motor, and in this embodiment, the driving member 50 is a handwheel.
In some embodiments, the clamping device 100 further comprises a clamping member 60, and the clamping member 60 is connected to one end of the rotating member 20 and is used for clamping the workpiece 200.
Specifically, the holder 60 has a cylindrical structure, and the holder 60 is coupled to the rotation member 20 by a screw-coupling structure. One end of the workpiece 200 is inserted into the holder 60. It will be appreciated that the holder 60 is similar in construction to a tool holder, and that different sizes of holder 60 may be substituted for different part sizes to facilitate machining.
In some embodiments, the clamping device 100 further includes a transmission member 70, the transmission member 70 is engaged with the driving member 40 and the driven member 30, respectively, and the driving member 40 drives the driven member 30 to rotate through the transmission member 70.
Specifically, the transmission member 70 includes a transmission shaft 72, a first transmission portion 74 and a second transmission portion 76.
The transmission shaft 72 is rotatably disposed on the support plate 13 and the connection plate 14 of the fixing base 10, and the first transmission portion 74 and the second transmission portion 76 are disposed on the transmission shaft 72 at an interval along the X-axis direction.
The first transmission portion 74 is located below the driving member 40 and engaged with the driving member 40. In the present embodiment, the first transmission portion 74 is a gear.
The second transmission portion 76 is located below the driven member 30 and engaged with the driven member 30, and the length of the second transmission portion 76 in the X-axis direction is greater than the length of the driven member in the X-axis direction. In the present embodiment, the second transmission portion 76 is a gear.
In some embodiments, the clamping device 100 further includes a dust cover 80, the dust cover 80 is a structure formed by enclosing a plurality of plates, the dust cover 80 is disposed on the base plate 12 of the fixing base 10 and covers the driving member 40 and the driven member 30, and is mainly used for protecting a transmission system formed by each of the driving member 40, the driven member 30 and the transmission member 70, and preventing dust from entering the transmission system to cause wear.
The implementation process of the embodiment is as follows: firstly, clamping a workpiece 200 on a clamping piece 60, and rotating a hand wheel to enable a driving piece 40 to rotate; the driving member 40 drives the driven member 30 and the rotating member 20 to rotate through the transmission member 70; when the rotating member 20 rotates, the first standard member 400 is fixed on the fixed plate 11, and the second standard member 500 moves along the axial direction thereof under the abutting action of the first standard member 400, so that the workpiece 200 rotates and moves along the axis of the rotating member 20, and the processing device 300 processes the outer contour of the workpiece 200 to form the same shape as the first standard member 400.
The clamping device 100 and the machining device 300 are matched, the machined external threads are consistent with the external threads of the first standard part 400 in size, the machined sizes of the threads depend on the sizes of the first standard part 400 and the second standard part 500 which are installed in the clamping device, and only the first standard part 400 and the second standard part 500 need to be replaced when different threads are machined. The external screw thread of the higher material of workable all kinds of hardness of this application, external screw thread can be standard screw thread or non-standard screw thread, and can set up different first standard 400 and second standard 500 and with the different processing screw thread of change, and processing is convenient, and machining efficiency is high, and the degree of difficulty greatly reduced of processing, even new hand also can skillfully process, simple structure, and the accessory is maintained conveniently.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the present application is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present application may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the application being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present application and not for limiting, and although the present application is described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions can be made on the technical solutions of the present application without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. A clamping device, comprising:
the fixing seat is used for fixing the first standard component;
the rotating part is rotatably arranged on the fixed seat, one end of the rotating part is used for connecting a workpiece, the other end of the rotating part is used for connecting a second standard part, the second standard part is rotatably connected with the first standard part, and the rotating part moves along the axial direction of the rotating part under the synergistic action of the second standard part and the first standard part;
the driven part is fixedly connected with the rotating part;
the driving part is meshed with the driven part;
the driving part is connected with the driving part and used for driving the driving part to rotate so as to drive the driven part and the rotating part to rotate.
2. The clamping device of claim 1, further comprising a clamping member coupled to an end of the rotatable member for clamping the workpiece.
3. The clamping device as recited in claim 1, wherein the fixing base comprises a fixing plate, a clamping groove is formed in the fixing plate, the first standard component comprises a clamping portion, and the clamping portion is clamped in the clamping groove.
4. The clamping device as recited in claim 3, further comprising a transmission member, wherein the transmission member is engaged with the driving member and the driven member, respectively, and the driving member drives the driven member to rotate through the transmission member.
5. The clamping device as recited in claim 4, wherein the transmission member comprises a transmission shaft, a first transmission portion and a second transmission portion, the transmission shaft is rotatably disposed on the fixing base, the first transmission portion is fixed to the transmission shaft and engaged with the driving member, and the second transmission portion is fixed to the transmission shaft and engaged with the driven member.
6. The clamping device as recited in claim 1, wherein the holder further comprises a base plate and a support plate, the support plate is connected to a side of the base plate, and the rotatable member is rotatably disposed on the support plate.
7. The clamping device as recited in claim 6, wherein the fixing base further comprises a connecting plate disposed on the base plate, the connecting plate is disposed opposite to the supporting plate, the first standard component is fixed to a side of the connecting plate opposite to the supporting plate, one end of the first standard component is inserted into the rotating component, and the driving component is rotatably disposed on the supporting plate.
8. The clamping device as recited in claim 1, wherein an external thread is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the first standard member, the second standard member has an internal thread hole, the first standard member is inserted into the internal thread hole, and the external thread is engaged with an internal thread of the internal thread hole.
9. The clamping device as recited in claim 1, further comprising a dust cover disposed on the mounting base and covering an outer side of the driving member and the driven member.
10. The clamping device of claim 1, wherein the driving member is a handwheel or a stepper motor.
CN202120214521.2U 2021-01-26 2021-01-26 Clamping device Active CN214980232U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120214521.2U CN214980232U (en) 2021-01-26 2021-01-26 Clamping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120214521.2U CN214980232U (en) 2021-01-26 2021-01-26 Clamping device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214980232U true CN214980232U (en) 2021-12-03

Family

ID=79143997

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120214521.2U Active CN214980232U (en) 2021-01-26 2021-01-26 Clamping device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214980232U (en)

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