CN214961592U - Water-saving irrigation system based on Internet of things - Google Patents

Water-saving irrigation system based on Internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214961592U
CN214961592U CN202120689609.XU CN202120689609U CN214961592U CN 214961592 U CN214961592 U CN 214961592U CN 202120689609 U CN202120689609 U CN 202120689609U CN 214961592 U CN214961592 U CN 214961592U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
communication module
irrigation
controller
internet
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202120689609.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王储
赵雨萌
王佳琪
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Shijiazhuang Santoper Science And Technology Co ltd
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Shijiazhuang Santoper Science And Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a water-saving irrigation system based on thing networking relates to wisdom agricultural technology field, especially a water-saving irrigation system based on thing networking, and it includes: cistern, water pump, main line and branch pipeline still include: the irrigation cloud platform, the concentrator unit and the irrigation control unit; the utility model discloses irrigation system look is equipped with irrigation control unit, and irrigation control unit is under illumination sensor and soil temperature and humidity sensor signal indication, to crops high efficiency, water conservation irrigation, the utility model discloses the system can be according to local conditions, sets up the irrigation control unit of different quantity, and the modularized design sets up the mode various, nimble; a plurality of irrigation the control unit and concentrator communication, the concentrator is gathered the data that comes from irrigation the control unit, then sends data to irrigation cloud platform through the internet, and the staff plants district's equipment behavior through cloud platform control crops, and a plurality of agricultural of remote monitoring plant the district, has improved work efficiency.

Description

Water-saving irrigation system based on Internet of things
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the wisdom agricultural technology and specifically relates to a water-saving irrigation system based on thing networking.
Background
Agriculture is an industry for obtaining products by artificial cultivation by utilizing growth and development rules of animals and plants. Agriculture belongs to the first industry, the agricultural working object is a living animal and plant, and the obtained product is the animal and plant per se, also called as crop; the growth of crops can be influenced by natural environment, wherein the influence of soil on the crops is the largest, and the growth condition of the crops can be influenced by too much or too little water in the soil; moreover, the content of organic fertilizer in the soil is absorbed by crops, so that the content of organic fertilizer in the soil is reduced, and therefore, the fertilizer is applied occasionally.
In the prior art, an irrigation system based on the internet of things is usually designed in a customized manner, and the irrigation system is developed in a targeted manner aiming at a certain plot, so that the maintenance cost is high, and the flexibility is poor. The existing Internet of things irrigation system is complex in structure, and is often not tested by a tie after problems occur to agricultural operators with low culture level.
The method has the advantages that the land blocks of the hilly land are not even for the hilly land, the water loss is large in the upward slope irrigation water on the irrigation, the water needs to be supplemented more, the water loss is small in the downward slope irrigation water, the water supplement is small, the necessary consideration is not needed in the prior art, and the water supplement is often unified, so that the water resource waste is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a water-saving irrigation system based on thing networking for solve among the prior art thing networking irrigation system construction mode complicated and to the relatively poor problem of hilly area friendship nature.
The utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a water-saving irrigation system based on the Internet of things comprises: cistern, water pump, main line and branch pipeline still include: the irrigation cloud platform, the concentrator unit and the irrigation control unit;
the irrigation control unit comprises: the system comprises a first controller, a branch pipe electromagnetic valve, a first communication module, an illumination sensor and a soil temperature and humidity sensor; the soil temperature and humidity sensor is used for collecting temperature and humidity signals of soil, and the illumination sensor is used for collecting sunlight radiation intensity;
the first irrigation controller is used for controlling the branch pipe electromagnetic valve to be opened and closed according to the soil temperature and humidity signals and the sunlight radiation intensity;
the concentrator unit includes: the system comprises a second controller, a second communication module and a third communication module;
the first controller is further used for transmitting the opening and closing state of the branch pipe electromagnetic valve and the soil temperature and humidity signal to the second communication module through the first communication module, and the second controller is used for transmitting the opening and closing state of the branch pipe electromagnetic valve and the soil temperature and humidity signal to the irrigation cloud platform through the third communication module;
the soil temperature and humidity sensor, the illumination sensor, the branch pipe electromagnetic valve and the first communication module are respectively and electrically connected with the first controller;
the second communication module and the third communication module are respectively electrically connected with the second controller, and the third communication module is a remote communication module.
Further, the concentrator unit further includes: the water level sensor is used for collecting the water level depth of the reservoir, and the pressure sensor is used for collecting the pressure of the water outlet of the water pump;
the second controller is further used for controlling the rotating speed of the water pump according to the water outlet pressure of the water pump, and transmitting low water level information to the cloud platform through the third communication module when the depth of the water level of the reservoir is lower than a threshold value;
the water pump, the water level sensor and the pressure sensor are respectively electrically connected with the second controller.
Further, the device also comprises a charging pump and a flow meter;
the flow meter is used for collecting the flow of the outlet of the feed pump, and the feed pump is used for filling liquid fertilizer into the water storage tank;
the second controller is also used for controlling the starting and stopping of the feed pump according to the water level signal of the reservoir and the outlet flow of the feed pump;
the feed pump and the flow meter are respectively electrically connected with the second controller.
Further, the concentrator further includes: the concentrator is also used for controlling the water pump to be started when the air temperature is lower than a set value, and controlling the branch pipe electromagnetic valve to be opened for draining water through the first controller, and the air temperature sensor is electrically connected with the second controller.
Further, the first controller is further provided with a memory, and the memory is used for storing position information, and the position information comprises: longitude information and latitude information.
Further, the first communication module and the second communication module are both 315MHz or 433MHz communication modules.
Further, the third communication module is a GPRS communication module.
The utility model discloses an actively the effect as follows:
a water-saving irrigation system based on the Internet of things comprises: a water-saving irrigation system based on the Internet of things comprises: cistern, water pump, main line and branch pipeline still include: the irrigation cloud platform, the concentrator unit and the irrigation control unit;
the utility model discloses irrigation system look is equipped with irrigation control unit, and irrigation control unit is under illumination sensor and soil temperature and humidity sensor signal indication, to crops high efficiency, water conservation irrigation, the utility model discloses the system can be according to local conditions, sets up the irrigation control unit of different quantity, and the modularized design sets up the mode various, nimble; a plurality of irrigation the control unit and concentrator communication, the concentrator is gathered the data that comes from irrigation the control unit, then sends data to irrigation cloud platform through the internet, and the staff plants district's equipment behavior through cloud platform control crops, and a plurality of agricultural of remote monitoring plant the district, has improved work efficiency.
The utility model discloses irrigation system is equipped with the concentrator, and the concentrator passes through level sensor and gathers cistern water level height, through irrigating the low water level information of cloud platform propelling movement when low water level, reminds the staff to the cistern moisturizing, and the staff is happy to save trouble, prevents to lead to the problem of crops lack of water because of untimely moisturizing. The concentrator is used for regulating the speed of the water pump to control the pressure of the outlet of the water pump, and the pressure regulating mode has good energy-saving effect.
The utility model discloses irrigation system carries out synchronous moisturizing and supplementary fertilizer to the retaining formula through level sensor, charge pump and flow meter, guarantees that cistern fertilizer concentration is in the setting value all the time, avoids artifical reinforced or thick waste that causes, or lightly leads to the not good problem of fertilizer effect.
The utility model discloses irrigation system is equipped with temperature sensor, and when temperature was lower, the second controller carried out the evacuation through depositing water in first controller, branch pipe solenoid valve, water pump to the cistern, prevented to open a crack the cistern because of low temperature cistern freezes.
The utility model discloses irrigation system's first controller is equipped with the memory that is used for storage position information, and position information can be sent through concentrator transmission data to first controller. When the staff patrols and examines or troubleshooting through the cloud platform, can fix a position that the trouble produced through positional information locking, fix a position fast to the trouble region, reduce the process of searching for trouble irrigation the control unit that rushes over repeatedly, convenient to use.
The utility model discloses irrigation system's first communication module and second communication module are 315MHz or 433MHz communication module, and above-mentioned two kinds of communication module distance is far away, and at open area communication in the open air, can do kilometer's communication distance, do not rely on basic station or transfer station, also need not communication line, erect with low costs, and communication distance is far away. The third communication module is a GPRS communication module, is connected to the Internet through the module, does not need to erect a wired line, has small construction difficulty, and is particularly suitable for agricultural planting areas without wired networks.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a waterway system of a water-saving irrigation system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is an electrical schematic diagram of the waterway system of the water-saving irrigation system of the embodiment of the utility model.
In the figure:
1, a water reservoir;
2, a water pump;
3, a main pipeline;
4, tee joint;
5 pipelines;
6 branch pipe electromagnetic valves;
7, a charging pump;
8, a flow meter;
9 crops.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the invention, are given by way of illustration only.
As shown in fig. 1-2, a water-saving irrigation system based on internet of things comprises: a water-saving irrigation system based on the Internet of things comprises: cistern 1, water pump 2, main line 3 and branch pipeline 5 still include: the irrigation cloud platform, the concentrator unit and the irrigation control unit;
the irrigation control unit comprises: the system comprises a first controller, a branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6, a first communication module, an illumination sensor and a soil temperature and humidity sensor; the soil temperature and humidity sensor is used for collecting temperature and humidity signals of soil, and the illumination sensor is used for collecting sunlight radiation intensity;
the first irrigation controller is used for controlling the branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6 to be opened and closed according to the soil temperature and humidity signals and the sunlight radiation intensity;
the concentrator unit includes: the system comprises a second controller, a second communication module and a third communication module;
the first controller is further used for transmitting the opening and closing state of the branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6 and the soil temperature and humidity signal to the second communication module through the first communication module, and the second controller is used for transmitting the opening and closing state of the branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6 and the soil temperature and humidity signal to the irrigation cloud platform through the third communication module;
the soil temperature and humidity sensor, the illumination sensor, the branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6 and the first communication module are respectively and electrically connected with the first controller;
the second communication module and the third communication module are respectively electrically connected with the second controller, and the third communication module is a remote communication module.
More specifically, the water-saving irrigation system structurally comprises a reservoir 1, a water pump 2, a main pipeline 3 and a branch pipeline 5, wherein the reservoir 1 is used for storing irrigation water, the source of the irrigation water is wide, the irrigation water is river water for an agricultural planting area close to a river or an irrigation canal, deep well water is frequently adopted for plain areas, and a mode of combining natural precipitation accumulation and motor vehicle water supply is frequently adopted for hilly areas.
Water in the reservoir 1 is conveyed to a main pipeline 3 through a water pump 2, the main pipeline 3 is provided with branches, the main pipeline 3 is connected into the branches through a tee joint 4, the branches are called branch pipelines 5, the branch pipelines 5 are provided with sprinkling irrigation openings or dropper openings, and the sprinkling irrigation openings or the drip irrigation openings correspond to regions of crops 9.
Usually, a branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6 is arranged at the position where the branch pipe 5 is connected with the main pipe 3, the branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6 is a two-position two-way valve, and whether the branch pipe performs sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation is controlled by opening and closing the branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6.
Illumination sensor and soil temperature humidity transducer set up usually in the 9 regions of corresponding crops of branch pipeline 5, when sunshine is strong, no matter how this regional soil humiture signal, all do not irrigate, when sunshine intensity step-down, the side is irrigated according to soil humidity and temperature, once accords with 9 production rules of crops, and then does benefit to the water conservation.
When the irrigation condition is met, the first controller controls the branch pipes to be opened, the irrigation water from the main pipeline 3 flows to the branch pipelines 5 at the moment, and the crops 9 in the coverage area of the branch pipelines 5 are irrigated.
In practical application, a plurality of branch pipes are usually provided, corresponding irrigation control units are correspondingly provided, soil temperature and humidity signals collected by the irrigation control units and the opening and closing states of the branch pipe electromagnetic valves 6 are transmitted to the concentrator, each irrigation control unit is provided with a serial number, the serial number is unique, the irrigation control units transmit the serial number, the soil humidity signals and the opening and closing states of the branch pipe electromagnetic valves 6 to the concentrator, and the concentrator integrates data.
The first communication module and the second communication module are the same type of module, one implementable mode is an RS485 communication module, the first communication module transmits data to be transmitted to the second communication module, and the second controller classifies and arranges the data.
The third communication module is usually a remote communication module, and a specific implementation mode is an internet communication module, such as a network card, the second controller is connected to the internet through the module, and the second controller uploads the collected data to the irrigation cloud platform through the internet.
Irrigation cloud platform is a server usually in the implementation, and this server inserts the internet, and irrigation cloud platform can accept the data of a plurality of concentrators, and staff's intelligent terminal, such as cell-phone, panel computer or computer access internet, visit irrigation cloud platform to can look over soil temperature and humidity signal and branch pipe solenoid valve 6's switching state.
The first controller is typically a relatively simple controller, in one embodiment an 8-bit chip machine, model number PIC16F 877A. The second controller is used to collect and aggregate data and is a relatively powerful one, in the form of a 32-bit single chip machine, model number STM32F103RBT 6.
Whether the whole system runs stably or not can be monitored through the irrigation cloud platform, whether abnormity occurs or not can be monitored, and the system can be disposed as early as possible when the abnormity occurs. If in a concrete case, the staff finds that the humidity signal pushed by a certain irrigation controller is always at a lower value through the cloud platform, namely the land is dry and lacks water, then at the moment, the electromagnetic valve fault or pipeline blockage can occur, and the field treatment is required in time.
The utility model discloses irrigation system look is equipped with irrigation control unit, and irrigation control unit is under illumination sensor and soil temperature and humidity sensor signal indication, to 9 high-efficient, water-saving irrigation of crops, the utility model discloses the system can be according to local conditions, sets up the irrigation control unit of different quantity, and the modularized design sets up the mode various, nimble; a plurality of irrigation the control unit and concentrator communication, the concentrator is gathered the data that comes from irrigation the control unit, then sends data to irrigation cloud platform through the internet, and the staff plants district's equipment operation condition through cloud platform control crops 9, and a plurality of agricultural of remote monitoring plant the district, has improved work efficiency.
Further, the concentrator unit further includes: the water level sensor is used for collecting the water level depth of the reservoir 1, and the pressure sensor is used for collecting the pressure of the water outlet of the water pump 2;
the second controller is further used for controlling the rotating speed of the water pump 2 according to the water outlet pressure of the water pump 2, and is further used for transmitting low water level information to the cloud platform through the third communication module when the water level depth of the water reservoir 1 is lower than a threshold value;
the water pump 2, the water level sensor and the pressure sensor are respectively electrically connected with the second controller.
More specifically, the concentrator still has the function of detecting 1 water level degree of depth of cistern, and level sensor gathers 1 water level signal transfer of cistern and conveys the second controller, when the water level was less than the threshold value, sends low water level information to the cloud platform, and the cloud platform still can be to this low water level information of intelligent terminal propelling movement, reminds the staff to carry out the moisturizing to this cistern 1. The water pump 2 is a variable frequency water pump 2, a pressure sensor is arranged at a water outlet of the water pump 2, the rotating speed of the water pump 2 is controlled through the pressure sensor, and compared with a mode of regulating pressure through a pressure regulating valve, the mode is more energy-saving.
The utility model discloses irrigation system is equipped with the concentrator, and the concentrator passes through level sensor and gathers 1 water level height of cistern, through irrigating the low water level information of cloud platform propelling movement when low water level, reminds the staff to 1 moisturizing of cistern, and the staff is save worry and is saved trouble, prevents to lead to the problem of 9 water deficiencies of crops because of untimely moisturizing. The concentrator is used for regulating the speed of the water pump 2 to control the outlet pressure of the water pump 2, and the pressure regulating mode has good energy-saving effect.
Further, the device also comprises a charging pump 7 and a flow meter 8;
the flow meter 8 is used for collecting the flow at the outlet of the feed pump 7, and the feed pump 7 is used for filling liquid fertilizer into the reservoir 1;
the second controller is also used for controlling the starting and stopping of the feed pump 7 according to the water level signal of the reservoir 1 and the outlet flow of the feed pump 7;
the charging pump 7 and the flow meter 8 are respectively electrically connected with the second controller.
More specifically, charge pump 7 one end and liquid fertilizer jar intercommunication, the other end and cistern 1 intercommunication are reinforced through charge pump 7 to cistern 1.
The outlet of the charging pump 7 is provided with a flow meter 8, and the charging is controlled by the flow meter 8.
In one embodiment, after the water storage tank 1 is replenished, the replenishing volume can be obtained through the liquid level height difference of the replenishing water, the charging pump 7 charges, and the pumped fertilizer volume is in a set proportion to the replenishing volume, so that the concentration clock of the fertilizer in the water storage tank 1 is kept at a set value.
The utility model discloses irrigation system carries out synchronous moisturizing and supplementary fertilizer to the retaining formula through level sensor, charge pump 7 and flow meter 8, guarantees that 1 fertilizer concentration in cistern is in the setting value all the time, avoids artifical reinforced or thick to cause the waste, or lightly leads to the not good problem of fertilizer effect.
Further, the concentrator further includes: and the concentrator is also used for controlling the water pump 2 to be started and controlling the branch pipe electromagnetic valve 6 to be opened for draining water through the first controller when the air temperature is lower than a set value, and the air temperature sensor is electrically connected with the second controller.
More specifically, the concentrator is provided with an air temperature sensor, and when the ambient temperature detected by the air temperature sensor is lower than a set value, the water in the reservoir 1 should be drained so as to prevent the reservoir 1 from being frozen and cracked at a low temperature.
In this embodiment, when the air temperature detected by the concentrator is lower than a set value, for example, 5 ℃, a command for opening the branch solenoid valve 6 is sent to the first controller, the first controller controls the branch solenoid valve 6 to open, the concentrator starts the water pump 2 to drain the water from the reservoir 1, when the concentrator detects that the water level of the reservoir 1 reaches the minimum level through the water level sensor, the water pump 2 is closed, a command for closing the branch solenoid valve 6 is sent to the first controller, and the first controller controls the branch solenoid valve 6 to close.
The utility model discloses irrigation system is equipped with temperature sensor, and when temperature was lower, the second controller was carried out the evacuation through deposit water of first controller, branch pipe solenoid valve 6, water pump 2 in to cistern 1, prevented to split cistern 1 because of low temperature cistern 1 freezes.
Further, the first controller is further provided with a memory, and the memory is used for storing position information, and the position information comprises: longitude information and latitude information.
More specifically, the utility model discloses irrigation system's first controller is equipped with the memory that is used for storage position information, and position information can be sent through concentrator transmission data to first controller simultaneously. When the staff patrols and examines or troubleshooting through the cloud platform, can fix a position that the trouble produced through positional information locking, fix a position fast to the trouble region, reduce the process of searching for trouble irrigation the control unit that rushes over repeatedly, convenient to use.
Further, the first communication module and the second communication module are both 315MHz or 433MHz communication modules.
Further, the third communication module is a GPRS communication module.
More specifically, the utility model discloses irrigation system's first communication module and second communication module are 315MHz or 433MHz communication module, and above-mentioned two kinds of communication module distances are far away, open regional communication in the open air, can do the communication distance of last kilometer, do not rely on basic station or transfer station, also need not communication line, and the cost is low in the frame, and communication distance is far away. The third communication module is a GPRS communication module, a specific implementation mode is SIM800A, the module is accessed to the Internet, no wired line needs to be erected, the construction difficulty is low, and the module is particularly suitable for agricultural planting areas without wired networks.
The above embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not exhaustive of the possible implementations of the present invention. Any obvious modifications to the above would be obvious to those of ordinary skill in the art, but would not bring the invention so modified beyond the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A water-saving irrigation system based on the Internet of things comprises: cistern (1), water pump (2), main pipeline (3) and branch pipeline (5), its characterized in that still includes: the irrigation cloud platform, the concentrator unit and the irrigation control unit;
the irrigation control unit comprises: the system comprises a first controller, a branch pipe electromagnetic valve (6), a first communication module, an illumination sensor and a soil temperature and humidity sensor; the soil temperature and humidity sensor is used for collecting temperature and humidity signals of soil, and the illumination sensor is used for collecting sunlight radiation intensity;
the first irrigation controller is used for controlling the branch pipe electromagnetic valve (6) to be opened and closed according to the soil temperature and humidity signals and the sunlight radiation intensity;
the concentrator unit includes: the system comprises a second controller, a second communication module and a third communication module;
the first controller is further used for transmitting the opening and closing state of the branch pipe electromagnetic valve (6) and the soil temperature and humidity signal to the second communication module through the first communication module, and the second controller is used for transmitting the opening and closing state of the branch pipe electromagnetic valve (6) and the soil temperature and humidity signal to the irrigation cloud platform through the third communication module;
the soil temperature and humidity sensor, the illumination sensor, the branch pipe electromagnetic valve (6) and the first communication module are respectively and electrically connected with the first controller;
the second communication module and the third communication module are respectively electrically connected with the second controller, and the third communication module is a remote communication module.
2. The internet of things-based water-saving irrigation system as recited in claim 1, wherein the concentrator unit further comprises: the water level sensor is used for collecting the water level depth of the reservoir (1), and the pressure sensor is used for collecting the pressure of a water outlet of the water pump (2);
the second controller is also used for controlling the rotating speed of the water pump (2) according to the water outlet pressure of the water pump (2), and the second controller is also used for transmitting low water level information to the cloud platform through the third communication module when the water level depth of the reservoir (1) is lower than a threshold value;
the water pump (2), the water level sensor and the pressure sensor are respectively electrically connected with the second controller.
3. The internet of things-based water-saving irrigation system according to claim 2, characterized by further comprising a charging pump (7) and a flow meter (8);
the flow meter (8) is used for collecting the flow of the outlet of the feed pump (7), and the feed pump (7) is used for filling liquid fertilizer into the reservoir (1);
the second controller is also used for controlling the starting and stopping of the feed pump (7) according to the water level signal of the reservoir (1) and the outlet flow of the feed pump (7);
the charging pump (7) and the flow meter (8) are respectively electrically connected with the second controller.
4. The internet of things-based water-saving irrigation system as recited in claim 3, wherein the concentrator further comprises: the concentrator is also used for controlling the water pump (2) to be started and controlling the branch pipe electromagnetic valve (6) to be opened for draining water through the first controller when the air temperature is lower than a set value, and the air temperature sensor is electrically connected with the second controller.
5. The internet of things-based water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 4, wherein the first controller is further provided with a memory for storing location information, the location information comprising: longitude information and latitude information.
6. The internet of things-based water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 5, wherein the first communication module and the second communication module are both 315MHz or 433MHz communication modules.
7. The internet of things-based water-saving irrigation system as claimed in claim 6, wherein the third communication module is a GPRS communication module.
CN202120689609.XU 2021-04-06 2021-04-06 Water-saving irrigation system based on Internet of things Expired - Fee Related CN214961592U (en)

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CN202120689609.XU CN214961592U (en) 2021-04-06 2021-04-06 Water-saving irrigation system based on Internet of things

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120689609.XU CN214961592U (en) 2021-04-06 2021-04-06 Water-saving irrigation system based on Internet of things

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114557268A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-05-31 昆明理工大学 Layered self-control irrigation and drainage device and method and irrigation method for guiding root growth

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114557268A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-05-31 昆明理工大学 Layered self-control irrigation and drainage device and method and irrigation method for guiding root growth

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Granted publication date: 20211203