CN214809760U - Fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device - Google Patents

Fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214809760U
CN214809760U CN202121125872.2U CN202121125872U CN214809760U CN 214809760 U CN214809760 U CN 214809760U CN 202121125872 U CN202121125872 U CN 202121125872U CN 214809760 U CN214809760 U CN 214809760U
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area
deodorization
biological purification
air inlet
neutralization
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CN202121125872.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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王波
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Henan Zhengda Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Henan Zhengda Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The utility model relates to an odor treatment technical field specifically is a fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device, and it includes the device body, and the device body includes biological purification portion, deodorization portion, the last air inlet of having seted up of biological purification portion, gas outlet, be provided with biological purification layer and shower between air inlet, gas outlet, vertically installed a plurality of baffles in the deodorization portion, be divided into pickling area, alkali wash district, neutralization area with the deodorization portion inner chamber, cloth is equipped with packing layer, shower in each deodorization area, each equal bottom in deodorization area and top are provided with air inlet, gas outlet, the gas outlet in pickling area and the air inlet intercommunication in alkali wash district, the gas outlet in alkali wash district and the air inlet intercommunication in neutralization area, the gas outlet in neutralization area and the air inlet intercommunication of biological purification portion. The filtering and deodorizing device integrating alkaline washing, acid washing, neutralization washing and biological purification effectively solves the problems of large occupied area, high use cost and inconvenient use in the prior art under the integrated action.

Description

Fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an odor treatment technical field specifically is a fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device.
Background
The organic fertilizer is formed by removing harmful substances in various animal wastes, organisms or a treatment technology of the animal wastes, the organisms or the three through a certain processing technology to reach a harmless standard. In order to meet the national environmental protection requirement in the prior art, the organic fertilizer needs to filter and purify the generated high-concentration malodorous gas during fermentation production, wherein when the odor is treated, the waste gas is treated by chemical spraying and biological purification.
But in prior art, odor treatment often through make pickling deodorization tower, alkali wash deodorization tower, neutralization and wash deodorization tower and biological purification device in proper order the mode of establishing ties, realize the discharge to reach standard after the odor treatment, wherein led to area big under a plurality of different deodorization tower bodies and biological purification device establish ties to and required pipe laying is longer, so that deodorization device use cost is high, and the inconvenient problem appears when laying deodorization device.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Technical problem to be solved
An object of the utility model is to provide a have alkali wash, pickling, neutralization wash and biological purification as an organic whole filter deodorizing device to this makes the device have that area is little, the practicality is strong and use cost is low characteristics, solves the problem that points out in the current with this.
(II) technical scheme
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes: an organic fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device comprises a device body, wherein the device body comprises a biological purification part and a deodorization part arranged on the biological purification part,
the biological purification portion is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, a plurality of biological purification layers are arranged between the air inlet and the air outlet, and a spray pipe is arranged above the biological purification layers.
The deodorization part is internally and longitudinally provided with a plurality of partition plates, the partition plates divide the inner cavity of the deodorization part into three different deodorization areas, namely an acid washing area, an alkali washing area and a neutralization area, at least one packing layer is arranged in each deodorization area, spray pipes are arranged above the corresponding packing layers, the bottom of each deodorization area is provided with an air inlet, and the top of each deodorization area is provided with an air outlet;
the gas outlet of the acid washing area is communicated with the gas inlet of the alkali washing area, the gas outlet of the alkali washing area is communicated with the gas inlet of the neutralization area, and the gas outlet of the neutralization area is communicated with the gas inlet of the biological purification part.
Preferably, an air distribution piece is arranged in the inner cavity of the biological purification part and is arranged between the air inlet and the biological purification layer.
Preferably, the plurality of partition plates divide the interior of the device body into an acid washing area, a first gas conveying area, an alkali washing area, a second gas conveying area and a neutralization area in sequence, and through holes are formed in the partition plates on two sides of the gas conveying areas respectively.
Preferably, the device body is sleeved with a water storage tank, a partition plate is connected in the water storage tank, and the partition plate divides the interior of the tank body into an acid water tank, an alkaline water tank, a neutralization water tank and a biological water tank.
(III) advantageous effects
The utility model discloses possess following beneficial effect:
1. this processing apparatus, biological purification portion in the device body, deodorization portion, and under the three deodorization cavity that forms in the deodorization portion, the realization predetermines this processing apparatus as having the pickling, alkali wash, the neutralization is washed and biological purification formula's processing apparatus as an organic whole, the realization is under the integral type effect, make gaseous the pickling that loops through, alkali wash, neutralization is washed and biological purification's process, with this solve current well foul smell and handle, need to set up the deodorization tower of a plurality of differences and establish ties in proper order, and connect biological purification device, it is big to cause area, so that deodorization device use cost is high and lay the inconvenient problem of appearing when deodorization device.
2. This processing apparatus has toward the degressive gas collection hole in proper order of air inlet direction diameter through seting up on the gas distribution board for get into the gas evenly distributed in the biological purification portion, realize preventing that gas distribution is uneven, cause to converge on one side of biological purification layer, lead to the poor problem of purifying effect.
3. This processing apparatus, under annular water storage tank, the realization carries out liquid supply to the shower in different deodorization district and biological evolution district for the device need not to lay corresponding pond when using and can use, thereby improves this processing apparatus's convenient to use, and solves the different cell bodies of construction in the current, causes problem with high costs.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view of the biological purifying section of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the gas distribution plate structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the inner chamber of the deodorizing portion of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the inner chamber structure of the deodorizing portion of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the inner part of the water storage tank of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a device body; 2. a biological purification section; 3. a gas distribution plate; 301. a gas collection hole; 4. a biological purification layer; 5. a shower pipe; 6. a deodorization part; 7. a column; 8. a partition plate; 9. a through hole; 901. an air inlet; 902. an air outlet; 10. an acid washing zone; 11. a first gas delivery zone; 12. an alkaline washing zone; 13. a second gas delivery zone; 14. a neutralization zone; 15. a third gas delivery zone; 16. a filler layer; 17. a connecting flange; 18. a liquid discharge port; 19. a water storage tank; 20. an acid water tank; 21. an alkaline water tank; 22. a neutralization pond; 23. biological water pool.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to FIGS. 1-6: the utility model provides a fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device, includes device body 1, device body 1 can be jar body or tower body structure, and device body 1 in this embodiment adopts for jar body structure, and just device body 1 includes biological purification portion 2 and fixed connection deodorization portion 6 on biological purification portion 2, air inlet, gas outlet have been seted up on biological purification portion 2, the air inlet top is provided with the gas distribution piece, the gas distribution piece is the 3 structures of gas distribution plate, be equipped with on the gas distribution plate 3 toward air inlet direction diameter degressive gas collection hole 301 in proper order, make the gaseous equipartition that gets into in biological purification portion 2's inner chamber.
Be provided with two-layer biological purification layer 4 between air inlet, gas outlet, two-layer biological purification layer 4 is located the setting of 3 tops of gas distribution plate, two-layer biological purification layer 4 realizes dismantling sealing connection through seal structure and connecting bolt to this reaches and is convenient for to the installation of multilayer biological purification layer 4, and has laid shower 6 corresponding biological purification layer 4's top, realizes that gaseous through the cooperation of multilayer biological purification layer 4 and shower 6, realizes the biological purification treatment effect to gas.
Vertically installed two baffles 8 in the deodorization portion 6, two baffles 8 constitute T shape, divide 6 inner cavitys of deodorization portion into pickling district 10, alkali wash district 12, neutralization district 14 three different deodorization districts to this realizes that the device has pickling, alkali wash, neutralization and washes the filter tank body of formula as an organic whole, and all is equipped with two sets of bracing pieces in each deodorization district, two sets of bracing pieces and baffle 8's lateral wall fixed connection to install packing layer 16 on every group bracing piece, lay shower 5 respectively corresponding to packing layer 16 top, realize carrying out effective filtration to foul gas under packing layer 16 and shower 5 cooperation work, and be equipped with flowing back port 17 on deodorization portion 6, flowing back port 17 corresponds each deodorization district and becomes the water seal structure setting, with this realization will spray pickling liquid, alkali wash effluent, realize the effect of convenient to use.
The bottom and the top of each deodorization district have been seted up air inlet and gas outlet respectively, air inlet and gas outlet are located on deodorization portion 6, the gas outlet of pickling district 10 passes through the pipeline and is distinguished 12 air inlet intercommunication with alkaline washing, the gas outlet of alkaline washing district 12 passes through the pipeline and distinguishes 14 air inlet intercommunication with neutralization, neutralization district 14 air inlet passes through the pipeline and distinguishes 2 air inlet intercommunication with biological purification portion, and install flange 16 in the air inlet that corresponds different deodorization districts on device body 1, the gas outlet, the realization is convenient for settle the pipeline under flange 16's effect, thereby realize that this processing apparatus collects the processing apparatus of pickling, alkaline washing, neutralization washing and biological purification formula as an organic whole, realize reducing area's effect.
In the embodiment, the malodorous gas enters the acid washing area 10, the alkaline washing area 12 and the neutralization area 14 in the deodorization part 6 in sequence, so that two-stage chemical treatment and water washing pretreatment of the malodorous gas are realized under the cooperation of the spray pipes 5 and the packing layers 16 in each deodorization area, the pretreated gas enters the biological purification part 2, under the gas collecting holes 301 with the diameters decreasing in sequence, the gas is uniformly filtered by the matching of the multi-layer biological purification layer 4 and the spray pipes 5, the odor is purified and then discharged, thereby achieving the treatment device with the functions of acid washing, alkali washing, neutralization washing and biological purification, therefore, under the integrated structure, the occupied area is saved, the problems that a plurality of different deodorization towers are required to be sequentially connected in series and connected with a biological purification device in the prior art are solved, so that the occupied area is large, which causes problems of high use cost of the deodorizing means and inconvenience in laying the deodorizing means.
Example two
Referring to fig. 5-6, the present embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that; fixedly connected with stand 7 in deodorization portion 6, stand 7 is located the centre of a circle department setting of device body 1 to six baffles 8 of fixedly connected with between stand 7 and deodorization portion 6 inner wall, six baffles 8, divide into pickling district 10, first gas delivery district 11, alkaline washing district 12, second gas delivery district 13, neutralization district 14 and third gas delivery district 15 with deodorization portion 6 is inside in proper order, and seted up through-hole 9 on the baffle between pickling district 10 to third gas delivery district 15, realize the gas flow and carry between each deodorization district through-hole 9.
The through holes 9 at the two sides of the first gas conveying area 11, the second gas conveying area 13 and the neutralization area 14 are respectively an air inlet hole 901 and an air outlet hole 902, the air inlet hole 901 is arranged above the spray pipe 5, the air outlet hole 902 is arranged below the packing layer 16, the bottom of the pickling area 10 is provided with an air inlet, the bottom of the third gas conveying area 15 is provided with an air outlet, so that the air outlet of the third gas conveying area 15 is communicated with the air inlet of the biological purification part 2, the treatment device is led into the biological purification part 2 after two-stage chemical treatment and water tank pretreatment are realized by the pickling area 10, the first gas conveying area 11, the alkaline cleaning area 12, the second gas conveying area 13, the neutralization area 14 and the third gas conveying area 15 under the condition of reducing pipeline arrangement, the use convenience of the device is improved, and the problem of high cost caused by long pipeline laying is solved, inconvenient use.
EXAMPLE III
Referring to fig. 7, the present embodiment is different from the above embodiments in that; the cover is equipped with an annular water storage tank 19 on the device body 1, water storage tank 19 is located 2 outer walls of biological purification portion, be provided with four baffles 8 in the water storage tank 14, four baffles 8, 19 inside savings ponds that divide into sour pond 20, alkaline water pond 21, neutralization pond 22 and biological water pond 23 four differences with the water storage tank to be provided with level sensor in each savings pond, the top of each savings pond is equipped with water inlet port, and in stretching into each savings pond with outside pipeline, realize the liquid supply to each deodorization district and the liquid supply of biological purification portion 2 through drawing liquid device.
In this embodiment, realize the shower 5 to different deodorization regions through tank 19 and inside sour water pond 20, alkaline water pond 21, neutralization pond 22 and biological pond 23 to and the shower 5 of biological purification portion 2 carries out liquid supply, reach the device and need not to lay corresponding pond and can use when using, thereby improve this processing apparatus's convenient to use, and solve the different cell bodies of construction in the current, cause problem with high costs.
The working principle is as follows: in the odor treatment device, gas firstly enters the device body 1 through the gas inlet of the acid washing zone 10, the acid washing and filtering are realized through the matching of a plurality of packing layers 16 and the spray pipes 5, and the gas enters an alkali washing area 12 and a neutralization area 14 in sequence through a connecting pipeline mode or a gas conveying area formed by the partition plates 8, and the two-stage chemical treatment and the water washing pretreatment of the gas are realized under the packing layer 16 and the spray pipe 5 which are correspondingly arranged in each deodorization area, and the pretreated gas is conveyed into the biological purification part 2 from the gas outlet of the neutralization area 7 or the gas outlet of the third gas conveying area 15, so that the gas is purified and discharged under the matching of the gas collecting hole 301, the biological purification layer 4 and the spray pipe 5, therefore, the treatment device integrating acid washing, alkali washing, neutralization washing and biological purification is realized, and the effects of saving floor area and reducing cost are achieved.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device, includes device body (1), its characterized in that: the device body (1) comprises a biological purification part (2) and a deodorization part (6) arranged on the biological purification part (2),
the biological purification part (2) is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, a plurality of biological purification layers (4) are arranged between the air inlet and the air outlet, and a spray pipe (5) is arranged above the biological purification layers (4);
a plurality of partition plates (8) are longitudinally arranged in the deodorization part (6), the inner cavity of the deodorization part (6) is sequentially divided into an acid washing area (10), an alkali washing area (12) and a neutralization area (14) by the partition plates (8), at least one packing layer (16) is arranged in each deodorization area, a spray pipe (5) is arranged above the corresponding packing layer (16), the bottom of each deodorization area is provided with an air inlet, and the top of each deodorization area is provided with an air outlet;
the air outlet of the acid washing area (10) is communicated with the air inlet of the alkali washing area (12), the air outlet of the alkali washing area (12) is communicated with the air inlet of the neutralization area (14), and the air outlet of the neutralization area (14) is communicated with the air inlet of the biological purification part (2).
2. The organic fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner cavity of the biological purification part (2) is provided with an air distribution piece which is arranged between the air inlet and the biological purification layer (4).
3. The organic fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner cavity of the deodorization part (6) is divided into an acid washing area (10), a first gas conveying area (11), an alkali washing area (12), a second gas conveying area (13), a neutralization area (14) and a third gas conveying area (15) in sequence by the plurality of partition plates (8), and through holes (9) are formed in the partition plates (8) between the acid washing area (10) and the third gas conveying area (15).
4. The organic fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the device is characterized in that a water storage tank (19) is sleeved on the device body (1), a partition plate (8) is arranged in the water storage tank (19), and the partition plate (8) divides the interior of the tank body into an acid water tank (20), an alkaline water tank (21), a neutralization water tank (22) and a biological water tank (23).
CN202121125872.2U 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 Fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device Active CN214809760U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121125872.2U CN214809760U (en) 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 Fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121125872.2U CN214809760U (en) 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 Fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214809760U true CN214809760U (en) 2021-11-23

Family

ID=78776473

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121125872.2U Active CN214809760U (en) 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 Fertilizer fermentation odor treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214809760U (en)

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