CN214792412U - Novel grain drying-machine - Google Patents

Novel grain drying-machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214792412U
CN214792412U CN202121029841.7U CN202121029841U CN214792412U CN 214792412 U CN214792412 U CN 214792412U CN 202121029841 U CN202121029841 U CN 202121029841U CN 214792412 U CN214792412 U CN 214792412U
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China
Prior art keywords
dryer
drying
lifting
plate
machine
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Application number
CN202121029841.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董邦超
祁振杰
魏剑波
江晓飞
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Hefei Maidaozhixing Machinery Co ltd
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Hefei Maidaozhixing Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN202121029841.7U priority Critical patent/CN214792412U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a novel grain drying-machine, including drying-machine body, heat source structure and promotion structure, the drying-machine body is inside hollow box, be provided with the feed box on the drying-machine body, heat source structure be used for doing the drying-machine body provides the heat source, it includes a lifting cylinder, promotes spiral shell axle and promotes the motor to promote the structure, a lifting cylinder fixes the drying-machine body is outside, the bin outlet intercommunication is passed through to a lifting cylinder's lateral wall bottom drying-machine body, the lateral wall top of a lifting cylinder is through the pay-off mouth intercommunication the drying-machine body. The utility model discloses can promote the grain that falls to on the drying-machine body bottom plate to drying it once more, having guaranteed the effect of drying, realizing the even stoving of grain, having avoided piling up the incomplete condition of grain stoving because of grain, can prolong grain and this internal time from the feeding case arrival bottom plate of drying-machine for grain carries out abundant stoving.

Description

Novel grain drying-machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a grain drying-machine technical field, concretely relates to novel grain drying-machine.
Background
China is a large population country, the safe storage of grains is about the mass of the civilian life, and grains such as corn and the like need to be dehydrated and dried before being put in storage to reach safe water content so as to prevent the grains from rotting and deteriorating in the storage process. In the past, grain drying mainly depends on natural airing, occupies large space, takes long time, has more loss and is difficult to meet the requirement of centralized grain storage and transportation; and if the weather is thunderstorm, the grains cannot be dried at all.
Current grain drying equipment when drying to grain, generally puts into grain direct feed inlet from the drying-machine, and grain falls to the bottom of drying-machine under the action of gravity, but can't guarantee grain and just can dry completely after falling to the drying-machine bottom at the in-process of drying to grain piles up in the bottom of drying-machine, can cause grain to be heated inhomogeneously.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving foretell not enough, provide a novel grain drying-machine.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is: a novel grain dryer comprises a dryer body, a heat source structure and a lifting structure, wherein the dryer body is a hollow box body, the dryer body is provided with a feeding box, the heat source structure is used for providing a heat source for the dryer body, the lifting structure comprises a lifting cylinder, a lifting screw shaft and a lifting motor, the lifting cylinder is fixed outside the dryer body, the bottom end of the side wall of the lifting cylinder is communicated with the dryer body through a discharge hole, the top end of the side wall of the lifting cylinder is communicated with the dryer body through a feeding hole, the lifting screw shaft is arranged in the lifting cylinder, the lifting motor is arranged on the top plate of the lifting cylinder, the output end of the lifting motor penetrates through the top plate of the lifting cylinder and is fixedly connected with the lifting screw shaft, a discharging pipe is arranged on the bottom plate of the lifting cylinder, and a discharging valve is arranged on the discharging pipe.
Furthermore, more than one discharging plate is arranged in the dryer body, the upper surface of each discharging plate is of an inclined structure, the higher side of the upper surface of each discharging plate is fixed on the dryer body, and the lower side of the upper surface of each discharging plate is not in contact with the dryer body.
Further, be provided with the deflector on the bottom plate of drying-machine body, the deflector sets up to the slope structure, the lower one end of deflector with the diapire of bin outlet flushes.
Furthermore, the heat source structure comprises an air heater and an air supply pipe, the air heater is arranged outside the dryer body, one end of the air supply pipe is connected with an air outlet of the air heater, a plurality of branch pipes are arranged on the air supply pipe, the branch pipes penetrate through the side wall of the dryer body and are arranged in the dryer body, a flow dividing pipe is arranged on each branch pipe, a plurality of air outlets are formed in the bottoms of the flow dividing pipes, and the air outlet direction of each air outlet is right opposite to the blanking plate or the guide plate.
Furthermore, one end of the shunt tube is fixed on the dryer body, the other end of the shunt tube is connected with a fixing plate, and the fixing plate is fixed on the dryer body or the blanking plate.
Furthermore, be provided with the crushed aggregates structure in the feeding case, the crushed aggregates structure includes two interval distribution's crushed aggregates axle and two crushed aggregates motors, the one end of crushed aggregates axle is rotated and is installed on the feeding case, the crushed aggregates motor sets up the outside of feeding case, two the output of crushed aggregates motor is two fixed connection respectively the other end of crushed aggregates axle.
Furthermore, an exhaust port is arranged on the dryer body.
Furthermore, a filter screen is arranged in the exhaust port.
Contrast prior art, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. the utility model can lift the grain falling on the bottom plate of the dryer body by arranging the lifting structure, thereby drying the grain again, ensuring the drying effect, realizing uniform drying of the grain and avoiding incomplete grain drying caused by grain accumulation;
2. the utility model discloses a set up more than one flitch down, can prolong grain and this internal time from the feeding case arrival bottom plate of drying-machine for grain carries out abundant stoving.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view of a feeding box according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic front sectional view of a lifting structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a of fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. a dryer body; 2. a heat source structure; 3. a lifting structure; 11. a feeding box; 31. a lifting cylinder; 32. lifting the screw shaft; 33. a hoisting motor; 12. a discharge outlet; 13. a feed port; 14. a discharge pipe; 15. a discharge valve; 16. a blanking plate; 17. a guide plate; 21. a hot air blower; 22. an air supply pipe; 23. a branch pipe; 24. a shunt tube; 25. an air outlet; 26. a fixing plate; 4. a crushed material structure; 41. a shredder shaft; 42. a material crushing motor; 18. an exhaust port; 19. and (4) a filter screen.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. The embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that if directional indications (such as up, down, left, right, front, and back … …) are involved in the embodiment of the present invention, the directional indications are only used to explain the relative position relationship between the components, the motion situation, etc. in a specific posture, and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indications are changed accordingly.
In addition, if there is a description relating to "first", "second", etc. in the embodiments of the present invention, the description of "first", "second", etc. is for descriptive purposes only and is not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, the meaning of "and/or" appearing throughout includes three juxtapositions, exemplified by "A and/or B" including either A or B or both A and B. In addition, "a plurality" means two or more. In addition, the technical solutions in the embodiments may be combined with each other, but it must be based on the realization of those skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of the technical solutions should not be considered to exist, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the utility model discloses a grain dryer, including a dryer body 1, a heat source structure 2 and a lifting structure 3, the dryer body 1 is a hollow box body, a feeding box 11 is arranged on the dryer body 1, the heat source structure 2 is used for providing a heat source for the dryer body 1, the lifting structure 3 includes a lifting cylinder 31, a lifting screw shaft 32 and a lifting motor 33, the lifting cylinder 31 is fixed outside the dryer body 1, the bottom end of the side wall of the lifting cylinder 31 is communicated with the dryer body 1 through a discharging opening 12, the top end of the side wall of the lifting cylinder 31 is communicated with the dryer body 1 through a feeding opening 13, the lifting screw shaft 32 is arranged in the lifting cylinder 31, the lifting motor 33 is arranged on the top plate of the lifting cylinder 31, the output end of the lifting motor 33 passes through the top plate of the lifting cylinder 31 and is fixedly connected with the lifting screw shaft 32, a discharge pipe 14 is arranged on the bottom plate of the lifting cylinder 31, and a discharge valve 15 is arranged on the discharge pipe 14.
Before using, open heat source structure 2, provide the heat source in the drying-machine body 1, to treat that the grain of drying delivers to the drying-machine body 1 in through feeding case 11, the heat source is dried grain, when grain falls to the bottom plate of drying-machine body 1 on, get into in the lifting cylinder 31 through bin outlet 12, open and promote motor 33, rotate through promoting spiral shell axle 32, thereby it rises to drive grain, send into drying-machine body 1 once more with grain through pay-off mouth 13 in, dry once more to it, after the stoving, open bleeder valve 15, collect grain after the stoving.
Preferably, the discharge opening 12 is formed in an inclined structure from the dryer body 1 to the lift cylinder 31 from high to low. With the design, the grains on the bottom plate of the dryer body 1 can be conveniently conveyed into the lifting cylinder 31.
Preferably, the feeding port 13 is provided in an inclined structure from the lifting cylinder 31 to the dryer body 1 from high to low. By the design, grains in the lifting cylinder 31 can be conveniently conveyed into the dryer body 1.
In an embodiment, more than one blanking plate 16 is disposed in the dryer body 1, an upper surface of the blanking plate 16 is disposed in an inclined structure, a higher side of the upper surface of the blanking plate 16 is fixed on the dryer body 1, and a lower side of the upper surface of the blanking plate 16 is not in contact with the dryer body 1. Design like this, through setting up more than one flitch 16 down, can prolong grain dwell time in drying-machine body 1 to make the completion that grain can be dried, improve the effect of drying.
In an embodiment, a guide plate 17 is disposed on the bottom plate of the dryer body 1, the guide plate 17 is disposed in an inclined structure, and a lower end of the guide plate 17 is flush with the bottom wall of the discharge opening 12. Design like this, can lead the grain that falls to on the 1 bottom plate of drying-machine body to in being convenient for grain gets into lifting cylinder 31, be convenient for dry it once more, and the collection to grain after conveniently drying.
In an embodiment, the heat source structure 2 includes an air heater 21 and an air supply pipe 22, the air heater 21 is disposed outside the dryer body 1, one end of the air supply pipe 22 is connected to an air outlet of the air heater 21, a plurality of branch pipes 23 are disposed on the air supply pipe 22, the branch pipes 23 penetrate through a side wall of the dryer body 1 and are disposed in the dryer body 1, a branch pipe 24 is disposed on the branch pipes 23, a plurality of air outlets 25 are disposed at bottoms of the branch pipes 24, and an air outlet direction of the air outlets 25 faces the material discharging plate 16 or the guide plate 17. By the design, the grains to be dried on the discharging plate 16 can be swept, so that the grain drying speed is accelerated.
In an embodiment, one end of the shunt tube 24 is fixed on the dryer body 1, and the other end of the shunt tube 24 is connected to a fixing plate 26, and the fixing plate 26 is fixed on the dryer body 1 or the blanking plate 16. By the design, the position of the shunt pipe 24 can be limited, grains are prevented from falling off the shunt pipe 24, and the shunt pipe 24 is convenient to use.
In an embodiment, a material crushing structure 4 is arranged in the feeding box 11, the material crushing structure 4 includes two material crushing shafts 41 spaced apart from each other and two material crushing motors 42, one end of each material crushing shaft 41 is rotatably mounted on the feeding box 11, each material crushing motor 42 is arranged outside the feeding box 11, and output ends of the two material crushing motors 42 are respectively and fixedly connected to the other ends of the two material crushing shafts 41. By the design, the grains entering the dryer body 1 can be smashed, so that the grains which are agglomerated and agglomerated are prevented from entering the dryer body 1, and the drying effect and efficiency are improved.
In one embodiment, the dryer body 1 is provided with an air outlet 18. By the design, the redundant gas generated in the drying process can be discharged, and the stability of the air pressure in the dryer body 1 is ensured.
In one embodiment, a filter screen 19 is disposed within the exhaust port 18. Design like this, can filter the combustion gas, avoid exhaust gas to carry the dust, guaranteed operational environment's clean and tidy.
The utility model provides a novel grain dryer, before using, the air heater is opened, hot air is introduced into the dryer body, then the crushed material motor is opened, the grain to be dried is put into the feeding box, the crushed material shaft smashes the grain agglomerated into a group, thereby being convenient for drying the grain, the grain falls onto the feeding shaft after entering the drying box body, and slides downwards under the action of gravity, in the process, the hot air generated by the air heater enters the branch pipe through the feeding pipe, and evenly dries the grain through the air outlet under the action of the branch pipe, when the grain falls onto the guide plate, the grain slides into the discharging hole through the guide plate and enters the lifting cylinder, the lifting motor is opened, the lifting screw is driven to rotate, thereby lifting the grain entering the lifting cylinder, and then enters the dryer body through the feeding hole again, thereby drying the grain again, and ensuring the drying effect, after the stoving is accomplished, close the air heater, open the bleeder valve, grain is discharged from the discharging pipe, collects the grain after the stoving, and the stoving in-process, unnecessary hot-blast discharges through the gas vent to filter it under the effect of filter screen, avoid the dust to discharge in the external environment.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a novel grain drying-machine which characterized in that: the dryer comprises a dryer body (1), a heat source structure (2) and a lifting structure (3), wherein the dryer body (1) is a hollow box body, a feeding box (11) is arranged on the dryer body (1), the heat source structure (2) is used for providing a heat source for the dryer body (1), the lifting structure (3) comprises a lifting cylinder (31), a lifting screw shaft (32) and a lifting motor (33), the lifting cylinder (31) is fixed outside the dryer body (1), the bottom end of the side wall of the lifting cylinder (31) is communicated with the dryer body (1) through a discharge hole (12), the top end of the side wall of the lifting cylinder (31) is communicated with the dryer body (1) through a feeding hole (13), the lifting screw shaft (32) is arranged in the lifting cylinder (31), the lifting motor (33) is arranged on the top plate of the lifting cylinder (31), the output end of the lifting motor (33) penetrates through the top plate of the lifting barrel (31) and is fixedly connected with the lifting screw shaft (32), a discharge pipe (14) is arranged on the bottom plate of the lifting barrel (31), and a discharge valve (15) is arranged on the discharge pipe (14).
2. The novel grain dryer of claim 1, wherein: more than one discharging plate (16) is arranged in the dryer body (1), the upper surface of each discharging plate (16) is of an inclined structure, the higher side of the upper surface of each discharging plate (16) is fixed on the dryer body (1), and the lower side of the upper surface of each discharging plate (16) is not in contact with the dryer body (1).
3. The novel grain dryer of claim 2, wherein: be provided with deflector (17) on the bottom plate of drying-machine body (1), deflector (17) set up to slope structure, the lower one end of deflector (17) with the diapire of bin outlet (12) flushes.
4. The novel grain dryer of claim 3, wherein: the heat source structure (2) comprises an air heater (21) and an air supply pipe (22), the air heater (21) is arranged outside the dryer body (1), one end of the air supply pipe (22) is connected with an air outlet of the air heater (21), a plurality of branch pipes (23) are arranged on the air supply pipe (22), the branch pipes (23) penetrate through the side wall of the dryer body (1) and are arranged in the dryer body (1), a flow dividing pipe (24) is arranged on each branch pipe (23), a plurality of air outlets (25) are arranged at the bottom of each flow dividing pipe (24), and the air outlet direction of each air outlet (25) is right opposite to the blanking plate (16) or the guide plate (17).
5. The novel grain dryer of claim 4, wherein: one end of the shunt pipe (24) is fixed on the dryer body (1), the other end of the shunt pipe (24) is connected with a fixing plate (26), and the fixing plate (26) is fixed on the dryer body (1) or the blanking plate (16).
6. The novel grain dryer of claim 1 or 2, wherein: be provided with crushed aggregates structure (4) in feeding box (11), crushed aggregates structure (4) include two interval distribution's crushed aggregates axle (41) and two crushed aggregates motor (42), the one end of crushed aggregates axle (41) is rotated and is installed on feeding box (11), crushed aggregates motor (42) set up the outside of feeding box (11), two the output of crushed aggregates motor (42) is two fixed connection respectively the other end of crushed aggregates axle (41).
7. The novel grain dryer of claim 1 or 2, wherein: an exhaust port (18) is arranged on the dryer body (1).
8. The novel grain dryer of claim 7, wherein: and a filter screen (19) is arranged in the exhaust port (18).
CN202121029841.7U 2021-05-13 2021-05-13 Novel grain drying-machine Active CN214792412U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121029841.7U CN214792412U (en) 2021-05-13 2021-05-13 Novel grain drying-machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121029841.7U CN214792412U (en) 2021-05-13 2021-05-13 Novel grain drying-machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214792412U true CN214792412U (en) 2021-11-19

Family

ID=78693828

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121029841.7U Active CN214792412U (en) 2021-05-13 2021-05-13 Novel grain drying-machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214792412U (en)

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