CN214756896U - Speaker module and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Speaker module and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214756896U
CN214756896U CN202121481559.2U CN202121481559U CN214756896U CN 214756896 U CN214756896 U CN 214756896U CN 202121481559 U CN202121481559 U CN 202121481559U CN 214756896 U CN214756896 U CN 214756896U
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China
Prior art keywords
speaker module
side plate
speaker
frame
cavity
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CN202121481559.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈阿亮
董欢
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Goertek Inc
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Goertek Inc
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a speaker module and electronic equipment who uses this speaker module. The loudspeaker module comprises a shell, a loudspeaker single body and a ventilating spacer, wherein the shell is provided with an inner cavity; the loudspeaker monomer is arranged in the inner cavity and forms a rear sound cavity with the enclosure, and a leakage hole is arranged on the loudspeaker monomer; the ventilating isolator is arranged in the rear sound cavity and covers the leakage hole, sound-absorbing particles are filled in the rear sound cavity, and the ventilating isolator is used for isolating the sound-absorbing particles from entering the leakage hole; wherein, the material of ventilative separator is porous metal material. The technical scheme of the utility model can promote the acoustics performance of speaker module.

Description

Speaker module and electronic equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an acoustic energy conversion technology field, in particular to speaker module and electronic equipment who uses this speaker module.
Background
With the rapid development of electronic devices, higher requirements are also put on the performance of the internal speaker module, i.e., a larger rear sound cavity and better acoustic performance are required. However, the electronic device is required to be as thin as possible. This directly results in limited expansion of the back acoustic chamber and even the need for compression. The existing design adopts the mode of filling sound-absorbing particles, and improves the equivalent volume of the rear sound cavity under the condition of not enlarging the physical volume of the rear sound cavity. Moreover, in order to match with the filling of the sound-absorbing particles, a mesh assembly is generally arranged in the rear sound cavity to isolate the sound-absorbing particles. However, in the prior art, the defect that the available physical space in the rear sound cavity is not fully used for filling the sound-absorbing particles still exists, so that space waste and insufficient performance improvement are caused.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a speaker module and applied this speaker module's electronic equipment aims at promoting the acoustic performance of speaker module.
In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention provides a speaker module, which includes:
a housing having an interior cavity;
the loudspeaker single body is arranged in the inner cavity and forms a rear sound cavity with the enclosure in an enclosing manner, and a leakage hole is formed in the loudspeaker single body; and
the ventilating isolation piece is arranged in the rear sound cavity and covers the leakage hole, sound-absorbing particles are filled in the rear sound cavity, and the ventilating isolation piece is used for isolating the sound-absorbing particles from entering the leakage hole;
wherein, the material of ventilative separator is porous metal material.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the porous metal material is one of a foam type porous metal material, a lotus-shaped porous metal material, and a honeycomb type porous metal material.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the foam type porous metal material is nickel foam or copper foam.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the speaker unit includes:
a magnetic circuit system including a conductive yoke;
the basin frame, the basin frame has annular body, annular body and/or the periphery of magnetic yoke has the location arch, the location arch is connected with another periphery, annular body has the orientation the bottom surface of magnetic yoke, magnetic yoke with form between the bottom surface leak the hole.
The utility model discloses an in the embodiment, ventilative separator includes the apron and by the curb plate that the periphery of apron is buckled and is extended, the apron closing cap the free back of speaker, the curb plate encloses to be established free week side of speaker.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the side plate corresponds to the position of the leakage hole, and a concave edge is formed on the side plate, and the concave edge faces the leakage hole.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the magnetic yoke has a notch formed at least one corner thereof, and the basin stand has an avoidance space formed at a position corresponding to the notch;
the side plate is provided with a concave edge at a position corresponding to the avoidance space, and the concave edge is formed by the side plate sinking towards the avoidance space.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the cover plate is bonded to the magnetic yoke and/or the side plate is bonded to the periphery of the speaker unit.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the magnetic yoke has two side edges disposed back to back, and the side edge is convexly provided with a positioning protrusion towards one side where the basin stand is located;
the side plate is provided with a positioning notch at a position corresponding to the positioning bulge, and each positioning bulge is inserted into one positioning notch.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the inner cavity wall of the housing has an installation surface, the installation surface is convexly provided with a frame body, and the speaker unit is disposed in the frame body and used for sealing a space inside the frame body to form a front acoustic cavity;
one end of the side plate, which is far away from the cover plate, is at least partially opposite to one end of the frame, which is far away from the mounting surface, and is in sealing connection with the end of the frame.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the gap between the side plate and the frame body is sealed by glue.
In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention further provides an electronic device, where the electronic device includes a speaker module, and the speaker module includes:
a housing having an interior cavity;
the loudspeaker single body is arranged in the inner cavity and forms a rear sound cavity with the enclosure in an enclosing manner, and a leakage hole is formed in the loudspeaker single body; and
the ventilating isolation piece is arranged in the rear sound cavity and covers the leakage hole, sound-absorbing particles are filled in the rear sound cavity, and the ventilating isolation piece is used for isolating the sound-absorbing particles from entering the leakage hole;
wherein, the material of ventilative separator is porous metal material.
The technical scheme of the utility model, adopt the ventilative separator of making by porous metal material, keep apart the sound absorption granule. At this moment, because ventilative separator is made by porous metal material, ventilative separator structure as an organic whole, intensity is higher, can satisfy the stability needs when ventilative separator is fixed well and the convenience demand when the assembly. Simultaneously, because ventilative separator structure as an organic whole, intensity are higher, can also obtain when processing manufacturing with the free back adaptation of speaker better shape to the increase that will be brought by the free back irregularity of speaker back sound chamber physical volume turns into the increase of filling chamber physical volume, realizes inhaling the increase of sound granule filling volume, and then makes the acoustic performance of speaker module promote. On the other hand, because porous metal material self has the characteristic of inhaling sound and heat conduction, can also further promote the equivalent volume in back sound chamber, promote the acoustic performance of speaker module to and promote the heat dispersion of speaker module.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the structures shown in the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is an exploded view of an embodiment of a speaker module according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the speaker module of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the first housing of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the speaker cell of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the breathable barrier of FIG. 1;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of an assembly structure of a speaker unit and a ventilation spacer according to another embodiment of the speaker module of the present invention;
fig. 8 is an enlarged view of the speaker unit of fig. 7.
The reference numbers illustrate:
reference numerals Name (R) Reference numerals Name (R)
100 Loudspeaker module 30a Leakage hole
10 Outer casing 31 Basin rack
10a Front acoustic cavity 33 Magnetic conductive yoke
10b Rear acoustic cavity 331 Positioning projection
11 First shell 50 Breathable partition
111 Bottom wall 51 Cover plate
1111 Mounting surface 53 Side plate
113 Side wall 531 Concave edge
115 Frame body 533 Positioning notch
13 Second shell 70 Flexible circuit board
30 Loudspeaker monomer
The objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that all the directional indicators (such as upper, lower, left, right, front and rear … …) in the embodiment of the present invention are only used to explain the relative position relationship between the components, the motion situation, etc. in a specific posture (as shown in the drawings), and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indicator is changed accordingly.
In addition, descriptions in the present application as to "first", "second", and the like are for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicit to the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "connected" and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., "fixed" may be fixedly connected or detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or they may be connected internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
In addition, the technical solutions between the embodiments of the present invention can be combined with each other, but it is necessary to be able to be realized by a person having ordinary skill in the art as a basis, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of such technical solutions should be considered to be absent, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
To the technical problem who mentions in the background art, the utility model provides a speaker module aims at promoting speaker module's acoustic performance.
It can be understood that the utility model provides a speaker module can be applied to electronic equipment, electronic equipment can be but is not limited to cell-phone, notebook computer, panel computer, Personal Digital Assistant (Personal Digital Assistant, PDA), electronic book reader, MP3 (dynamic image Experts compress standard Audio Layer III) player, MP4 (dynamic image Experts compress standard Audio Layer 4, dynamic image Experts Group Audio Layer IV) player, wearable equipment, navigator, handheld game machine, virtual and real equipment, augmented reality equipment etc..
The specific structure of the speaker module provided by the present invention will be described in the following embodiments:
as shown in fig. 1 to 4, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, the speaker module 100 includes a housing 10, a speaker unit 30, and a ventilation spacer 50, wherein the housing 10 has an inner cavity; the loudspeaker single body 30 is arranged in the inner cavity and forms a rear sound cavity 10b with the enclosure 10 in an enclosing way, and a leakage hole 30a is arranged on the loudspeaker single body 30; the air-permeable isolating piece 50 is arranged in the rear sound cavity 10b and covers the leakage hole 30a, sound-absorbing particles are filled in the rear sound cavity 10b, and the air-permeable isolating piece 50 is used for isolating the sound-absorbing particles from entering the leakage hole 30 a; the material of the air-permeable partition 50 is a porous metal material.
In this embodiment, the housing 10 includes a first housing 11 and a second housing 13 that cover each other, the first housing 11 and the second housing 13 together enclose an inner cavity of the housing 10, and the inner cavity of the housing 10 is used for accommodating internal components of the speaker module 100, such as the speaker unit 30, the air-permeable partition 50, the flexible circuit board 70, and the sound-absorbing particles. It should be noted that, in the practical application process, the first housing 11 and the second housing 13 may be metal members at the same time, and are combined together by laser welding; or can be a plastic piece at the same time, and the plastic piece are combined together in an ultrasonic welding mode; one metal piece and the other plastic piece can be combined together in an adhesive mode. Moreover, the periphery of the joint position of the first casing 11 and the second casing 13 may further enclose a sealing member, and the sealing member is hermetically connected to the first casing 11 and the second casing 13, so as to improve the sealing performance of the enclosure 10, and provide a more independent and safer working environment for the internal components of the speaker module 100.
The speaker unit 30 is assembled in the first housing 11, specifically: the first housing 11 includes a bottom wall 111 and a side wall 113 protruding from one side surface of the bottom wall 111, the side wall 113 is disposed around a periphery of the bottom wall 111, and an end of the side wall 113 facing away from the bottom wall 111 is combined with the second housing 13, so that the first housing 11 and the second housing 13 are fixedly connected. The first housing 11 further includes a frame 115, the frame 115 is disposed on the surface of the bottom wall 111 where the side wall 113 is disposed, and is located inside the side wall 113; the frame 115 surrounds the speaker unit 30 in the circumferential direction of the front portion of the speaker unit 30. That is, the frame body 115 is disposed around, the shape of the space inside the frame body 115 is adapted to the shape of the front part of the speaker unit 30, and the front part of the speaker unit 30 is inserted into the frame body 115 to close the space inside the frame body 115 to form the front sound cavity 10 a; at this time, the remaining portion of the inner cavity of the housing 10 forms a rear acoustic cavity 10 b.
The ventilation spacer 50 is fitted in the first housing 11 and has dual functions of a spacer function and a ventilation function. The insulating function of the breathable partition 50 means that the breathable partition 50 will divide the rear acoustic chamber 10b into a filling chamber and an insulating chamber. The filling cavity is used for filling sound-absorbing particles, and the isolation cavity is used for isolating the leakage holes 30a which are communicated with the rear sound cavity 10b on the loudspeaker single body 30 from the sound-absorbing particles, so that the sound-absorbing particles cannot enter the sound-absorbing particles. The ventilation function of the air-permeable partition 50 means that although sound-absorbing particles cannot pass through the air-permeable partition 50, the airflow can pass through the air-permeable partition 50 and react with the sound-absorbing particles.
It is understood that in the rear acoustic cavity 10b of the speaker module 100, the back of the speaker unit 30 generally does not have a regular planar shape (as shown in fig. 5, the back of the speaker unit 30 has a recess at four corners thereof, and the defect location can be used as the leakage hole 30 a. of course, the location of the leakage hole 30a can also be located on the side of the back of the speaker unit 30, in this case, the recess at four corners of the back of the speaker unit 30 is simply an avoidance space, as shown in fig. 7), so that the physical volume of the rear acoustic cavity 10b can be increased. However, the mode that the sound particles were kept apart to the screen cloth subassembly that has now, hardly turn into the filling volume of inhaling the sound particles with this part physical volume that increases to cause the space extravagant, performance promotion not enough. The fundamental reason is that the existing mesh assembly generally comprises a support ring and mesh, and the mesh needs to be mounted and fixed in the rear acoustic cavity 10b by means of the support function of the support ring; however, the support ring is generally a narrow ring-shaped structure, and on the premise of ensuring the stability of the mesh cloth fixed to the support ring and the convenience of the mesh cloth being assembled on the support ring and the support ring being fixed in the rear acoustic cavity 10b, the support ring is difficult to adopt a special-shaped structure, which results in failure to adapt the back of the speaker unit 30 well.
In view of such a disadvantage, the present embodiment adopts the air-permeable isolating member 50 made of porous metal material to isolate the sound-absorbing particles. At this time, since the breathable partition 50 is made of a porous metal material, the breathable partition 50 has an integral structure and high strength, and can well meet the stability requirement when the breathable partition 50 is fixed and the convenience requirement in assembly. Simultaneously, because ventilative separator 50 is structure as an organic whole, intensity is higher, can also obtain when manufacturing with the better shape of speaker monomer 30 back adaptation to the increase that will be brought by speaker monomer 30's back sound chamber 10b physical volume is irregular turns into the increase of filling chamber physical volume, realizes inhaling the increase of sound granule filling volume, and then makes speaker module 100's acoustic performance promote. On the other hand, since the porous metal material has the characteristics of sound absorption and heat conduction, the equivalent volume of the rear sound cavity 10b can be further increased, the acoustic performance of the speaker module 100 can be improved, and the heat dissipation performance of the speaker module 100 can be improved.
It should be noted that the porous metal material is a metal material with a large number of directional or random holes dispersed therein and a hole diameter of about 2um to 3 mm. Due to the different design requirements of the pores, the porous metal material can take various forms, such as foam type, lotus root type, honeycomb type, etc. In an embodiment of the present invention of the speaker module 100, the porous metal material is one of a foam type porous metal material, a lotus-shaped porous metal material, and a honeycomb type porous metal material. Wherein, the foam type porous metal material can be selected from foam nickel or foam copper.
In addition, the porous metal material can be divided into an independent pore type and a continuous pore type according to the pore form: the independent hole type has the characteristics of small specific gravity, good rigidity, good specific strength, good vibration absorption and sound absorption performance and the like; the continuous hole type has the characteristics of good permeability, good air permeability and the like in addition to the characteristics of the independent hole type.
Note that, the back of the speaker unit 30 is opposite to the front of the speaker unit 30, and they are disposed facing the front and the back of the speaker unit 30. Generally, a diaphragm is disposed at the front of the speaker unit 30 for radiating sound waves to the front of the speaker unit 30; the back of the speaker unit 30 is provided with a leak hole 30a for balancing air pressure inside the speaker unit 30. Further, it is understood that the back of the speaker unit 30 has an end surface facing the rear of the speaker unit 30, i.e., the back surface 31 of the speaker unit 30; the back of the speaker unit 30 also has sides facing the sides of the speaker unit 30, and four sides in this embodiment are disposed around the back of the speaker unit 30.
In addition, understandably, the shell is also provided with filling holes, and sound-absorbing particles are filled through the filling holes, so that the maximum filling can be realized. Moreover, the speaker module 100 may further include a flexible circuit board 70, one end of the flexible circuit board 70 may be electrically connected to the speaker unit 30 by soldering, and the other end of the flexible circuit board 70 may be exposed to the outer surface of the housing 10 for electrically connecting to other devices or modules.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, the air-permeable partition 50 is disposed on the back of the speaker unit 30. Therefore, the installation and fixation of the breathable partition piece 50 can be realized, the back of the loudspeaker single body 30 is fully utilized as a support, the structure is simple, the assembly is rapid, and the stability and the reliability are excellent. On the other hand, the ventilation spacer 50 covers the back of the speaker unit 30, and can also protect the speaker unit 30. Specifically, the fixing mode between the breathable isolation piece 50 and the speaker unit 30 can be gluing, welding, buckling limiting, interference fit and the like, and the technical personnel in the field can carry out reasonable design according to practical application scenes, and the design is not repeated one by one.
In this embodiment, the speaker unit 30 includes a magnetic circuit system and a frame 31; wherein the magnetic circuit system comprises a magnetic yoke 33; the frame 31 has a ring-shaped body, the ring-shaped body and/or the magnetic conductive yoke 33 has a positioning protrusion 331 at the periphery, the positioning protrusion 331 is connected to the other periphery, the ring-shaped body has a bottom surface facing the magnetic conductive yoke 33, and a leakage hole 30a is formed between the magnetic conductive yoke 33 and the bottom surface. At this time, the air-permeable spacer 50 is provided to cover the magnetic yoke 33, and covers the leak hole 30a formed by the tub 31 and the magnetic yoke 33.
The position of the leakage hole 30a may be located at four corners of the back surface 31 of the speaker unit 30 (as shown in fig. 5), or may be located on the side surface of the back of the speaker unit 30 (as shown in fig. 7).
As shown in fig. 6, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, the air-permeable partition 50 includes a cover plate 51 and a side plate 53 extending from the periphery of the cover plate 51, the cover plate 51 covers the back surface 31 of the speaker unit 30, and the side plate 53 is disposed around the speaker unit 30. Thus, the ventilation spacer 50 can be more closely matched with the back of the speaker unit 30, so as to improve the installation stability of the ventilation spacer 50 and the protection effect on the speaker unit 30.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, a concave edge 531 is formed at a position of the side plate 53 corresponding to the leakage hole 30a, and the concave edge 531 is formed by the side plate 53 being recessed toward the leakage hole 30 a.
In this embodiment, the positions of the leakage holes 30a are located at four corners of the back surface 31 of the speaker unit 30. At this time, the irregularity of the back of the speaker unit 30 is caused by the leakage holes 30a formed at the four corners of the back of the speaker unit 30. The physical volume of the rear acoustic chamber 10b is increased by the space made available by these leakage holes 30 a. In order to convert the increased physical volume into the filling volume of the sound-absorbing particles, the side plate 53 is configured into two parts, one part is covered on the side surface of the back of the speaker unit 30, and the other part is the concave edge 531 inserted in the leakage hole 30 a. That is, the technical scheme of this embodiment configures the side plate 53 into the form that the outer profile of the back of the speaker unit 30 is more adapted, so as to convert the increase of the physical volume of the rear sound cavity 10b caused by the irregular back of the speaker unit 30 into the increase of the physical volume of the filling cavity, thereby realizing the increase of the filling volume of the sound-absorbing particles, and further improving the acoustic performance of the speaker module 100.
As shown in fig. 7 and 8, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, a gap is formed at least one corner of the magnetic yoke 33, and an avoiding space 30b is formed at a position of the frame 31 corresponding to the gap;
the side plate 53 is formed with a concave side 531 at a position corresponding to the avoidance space 30b, and the concave side 531 is formed by the side plate 53 being recessed toward the avoidance space 30 b.
In this embodiment, the position of the leak hole 30a is located on the side of the back of the speaker unit 30. Specifically, the back of the speaker unit 30 has two sides facing away from each other, and a leak hole 30a is formed in each side. At this time, the irregularities of the back of the speaker unit 30 are caused by the escape spaces 30b formed at the four corners of the back of the speaker unit 30. The space made by these escape spaces 30b increases the physical volume of the rear acoustic chamber 10 b. In order to convert the increased physical volume into the filling volume of the sound-absorbing particles, the side plate 53 is configured into two parts, one part is covered on the side surface of the back of the speaker unit 30, and the other part is the concave edge 531 inserted into the avoiding space 30 b. That is, the technical scheme of this embodiment configures the side plate 53 into the form that the outer profile of the back of the speaker unit 30 is more adapted, so as to convert the increase of the physical volume of the rear sound cavity 10b caused by the irregular back of the speaker unit 30 into the increase of the physical volume of the filling cavity, thereby realizing the increase of the filling volume of the sound-absorbing particles, and further improving the acoustic performance of the speaker module 100.
In addition, in the technical solution of this embodiment, in order to further save the material of the air-permeable partition 50 and avoid the waste of resources, the number of the air-permeable partitions 50 is also configured to be two, and each air-permeable partition 50 covers one leakage hole 30 a. At this time, each of the air-permeable partitions 50 includes two concave edges 531, and the two concave edges 531 are recessed corresponding to the two escape spaces 30b, respectively. It can be understood that, compared with the configuration mode that the ventilation isolation member 50 is covered by a whole block, the ventilation isolation member 50 is configured in a plurality of and separated ways, which is more beneficial to saving materials.
The air-permeable partition 50 may be attached and fixed by bonding the cover plate 51 to the magnetic yoke 33 (specifically, the back surface of the magnetic yoke 33), by bonding the side plate 53 to the peripheral side of the speaker unit 30 (specifically, the side surface of the frame 31 and/or the side surface of the magnetic yoke 33), or by combining both of them. Of course, in addition to the bonding manner, the bonding manner may be replaced or assisted by a snap connection manner or the like.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, the magnetic yoke 33 has two side edges disposed back to back, and a positioning protrusion 331 is convexly disposed on one side of the side edge facing the frame 31;
the side plate 53 is formed with a positioning notch 533 at a position corresponding to the positioning protrusion 331, and each positioning protrusion 331 is inserted into one positioning notch 533.
Thus, the fitting between the side plate 53 and the back of the speaker unit 30 is tighter, so that the position of the side plate 53 is more strongly defined, and the mounting stability of the air-permeable partition 50 is improved. Meanwhile, the sealing performance of the filling cavity to the sound absorption particles is improved, and the risk that the sound absorption particles go to one side of the loudspeaker unit 30 is reduced, so that the probability that the acoustic performance of the loudspeaker module 100 is affected is reduced, and the reliability of the loudspeaker module 100 is improved.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, an inner cavity wall of the housing 10 has a mounting surface 1111, the mounting surface 1111 is convexly provided with a frame 115, and the speaker unit 30 is disposed in the frame 115 for closing a space inside the frame 115 to form a front acoustic cavity 10 a;
one end of the side plate 53 facing away from the cover plate 51 is at least partially disposed opposite to and hermetically connected with one end of the frame 115 facing away from the mounting surface 1111.
In this embodiment, the mounting surface 1111 is an inner surface of the bottom wall 111 of the first housing 11. Therefore, the arrangement of the frame body 115 on the mounting surface 1111 in this embodiment is substantially the same as the arrangement of the frame body 115 on the surface of the bottom wall 111 provided with the side wall 113 in the first embodiment, and thus, the description thereof is omitted.
It can be understood that, by hermetically connecting the end of the side plate 53 away from the cover plate 51 with the end of the frame 115 away from the mounting surface 1111, not only the position of the side plate 53 can be further limited, but also the mounting stability of the air-permeable partition 50 can be improved; but also can promote the filling chamber to inhaling the closure of sound granule, reduce and inhale the risk that the sound granule goes to speaker monomer 30 one side, reduce the probability that speaker module 100 acoustic performance receives the influence, promote speaker module 100's reliability.
In the practical application process, the sealing connection between the end of the side plate 53 away from the cover plate 51 and the end of the frame body 115 away from the mounting surface 1111 may be realized by, for example, abutting the end of the side plate 53 away from the cover plate 51 against the end of the frame body 115 away from the mounting surface 1111, and disposing a silicone member or a rubber member between the end of the side plate 53 away from the cover plate 51 and the end of the frame body 115 away from the mounting surface 1111.
As shown in fig. 3, in an embodiment of the speaker module 100 of the present invention, the gap between the side plate 53 and the frame 115 is sealed by glue (not shown).
It can be understood that before the glue is solidified, the glue can better fill the gap between the side plate 53 and the frame 115 due to the changeable shape, so that the cross-sectional shape of the glue can be better adapted to the gap when the glue is solidified to form a sealing member, thereby further improving the limiting effect on the position of the side plate 53 and the sealing performance of the filling cavity on the sound-absorbing particles. On the other hand, since the glue has a certain fluidity, the gap between the sealing side plate 53 and the frame 115 can be sealed to a certain extent while the gap between the speaker unit 30 and the frame 115 is sealed, so that the sealing performance of the rear acoustic cavity 10b is improved, and the acoustic performance of the speaker module 100 is improved.
In the practical application process, the glue can be epoxy glue, white latex, ultraviolet curing glue and the like.
The utility model discloses still provide an electronic equipment, this electronic equipment include as before speaker module 100, this speaker module 100's concrete structure refers to aforementioned embodiment. Since the electronic device adopts all the technical solutions of all the embodiments, at least all the beneficial effects brought by all the technical solutions of all the embodiments are achieved, and no further description is given here.
It is understood that the electronic device may be, but is not limited to, a mobile phone, a notebook, a tablet, a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA), an e-book reader, an MP3 (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer III) player, an MP4 (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer IV) player, a wearable device, a navigator, a handheld game console, a virtual and real device, an augmented reality device, etc.
The above only is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limiting the scope of the present invention, all the equivalent structure changes made by the contents of the specification and the drawings under the inventive concept of the present invention, or the direct/indirect application in other related technical fields are included in the patent protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. A speaker module, comprising:
a housing having an interior cavity;
the loudspeaker single body is arranged in the inner cavity and forms a rear sound cavity with the enclosure in an enclosing manner, and a leakage hole is formed in the loudspeaker single body; and
the ventilating isolation piece is arranged in the rear sound cavity and covers the leakage hole, sound-absorbing particles are filled in the rear sound cavity, and the ventilating isolation piece is used for isolating the sound-absorbing particles from entering the leakage hole;
wherein, the material of ventilative separator is porous metal material.
2. The speaker module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the porous metal material is one of a foam type porous metal material, a lotus type porous metal material, and a honeycomb type porous metal material.
3. The speaker module as claimed in claim 2, wherein the foam type porous metal material is foam nickel or foam copper.
4. The speaker module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the speaker unit comprises:
a magnetic circuit system including a conductive yoke;
the basin frame, the basin frame has annular body, annular body and/or the periphery of magnetic yoke has the location arch, the location arch is connected with another periphery, annular body has the orientation the bottom surface of magnetic yoke, magnetic yoke with form between the bottom surface leak the hole.
5. The speaker module as claimed in claim 4, wherein the air-permeable partition comprises a cover plate and a side plate extending from the periphery of the cover plate, the cover plate covers the back surface of the speaker unit, and the side plate is disposed around the periphery of the speaker unit.
6. The speaker module as claimed in claim 5, wherein the side plate is formed with a concave edge at a position corresponding to the leakage hole, the concave edge being formed by the side plate being depressed toward the leakage hole.
7. The speaker module as claimed in claim 5, wherein the yoke has a notch formed at least one corner thereof, and the frame has an escape space formed at a position corresponding to the notch;
the side plate is provided with a concave edge at a position corresponding to the avoidance space, and the concave edge is formed by the side plate sinking towards the avoidance space.
8. The speaker module as claimed in claim 5, wherein the cover plate is bonded to the yoke and/or the side plate is bonded to a peripheral side of the speaker unit.
9. The speaker module as claimed in claim 5, wherein the magnetic yoke has two sides facing away from each other, and a positioning protrusion is protruded from a side of the side facing the frame;
the side plate is provided with a positioning notch at a position corresponding to the positioning bulge, and each positioning bulge is inserted into one positioning notch.
10. The speaker module as claimed in claim 5, wherein the inner cavity wall of the housing has a mounting surface, the mounting surface is provided with a frame body in a protruding manner, and the speaker unit is disposed in the frame body for closing a space inside the frame body to form a front acoustic cavity;
one end of the side plate, which is far away from the cover plate, is at least partially opposite to one end of the frame, which is far away from the mounting surface, and is in sealing connection with the end of the frame.
11. The speaker module as recited in claim 10, wherein a gap between the side panel and the frame is sealed by glue.
12. An electronic device comprising a speaker module according to any one of claims 1 to 11.
CN202121481559.2U 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 Speaker module and electronic equipment Active CN214756896U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121481559.2U CN214756896U (en) 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 Speaker module and electronic equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121481559.2U CN214756896U (en) 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 Speaker module and electronic equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214756896U true CN214756896U (en) 2021-11-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121481559.2U Active CN214756896U (en) 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 Speaker module and electronic equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214756896U (en)

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