CN214593662U - Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond - Google Patents

Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN214593662U
CN214593662U CN202120564297.XU CN202120564297U CN214593662U CN 214593662 U CN214593662 U CN 214593662U CN 202120564297 U CN202120564297 U CN 202120564297U CN 214593662 U CN214593662 U CN 214593662U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
area
bostrichthys sinensis
mangrove
planting area
net
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202120564297.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李元跃
陈政强
陈融斌
肖震
柏皓
毕志敏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jimei University
Original Assignee
Jimei University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jimei University filed Critical Jimei University
Priority to CN202120564297.XU priority Critical patent/CN214593662U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN214593662U publication Critical patent/CN214593662U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The utility model relates to a mangrove forest coupling china bostrichthys sinensis's breed pond, this breed pond is located the coastal intertidal zone. The mangrove planting area and the Chinese bostrichthys sinensis breeding area are arranged at the high tide area and the upper boundary of the middle tide area of an intertidal zone, a circular ditch is dug between the planting areas to serve as a breeding area, the lower boundary of the middle tide area and the upper boundary of the low tide area of the intertidal zone are bare beaches to serve as bird waiting foraging areas, and the ratio of the areas of the planting area, the breeding area and the foraging area is approximately equal to the golden section ratio of 1:1: 1. A first planting area, a second planting area, a first wall body and a second wall body are oppositely arranged; a groove is formed between the first wall body and the second wall body, a net body is fixed on the inner wall of the groove, and the net body is higher than the top surface of the wall body. The culture pond is beneficial to the healthy growth of mangrove forests and the purification of water bodies, builds up a nearly natural growth environment of the Bostrichthys sinensis, provides a large amount of substances and energy for the Bostrichthys sinensis, improves the quality and the flavor of the Bostrichthys sinensis, ensures the foraging and inhabitation of the migratory birds, and has important economic, ecological and social benefits.

Description

Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an ecological management technology in ocean intertidal zone, especially a mangrove coupling china bostrichthys sinensis's breed pond.
Background
The mangrove forest is a woody plant community growing in the intertidal zone of tropical and subtropical coast, and is called as marine forest and coast guard, and has the functions of preventing wind, fixing wave, protecting coast, purifying water quality, protecting biological diversity, etc. however, in the past decades, the mangrove forest has greatly reduced area due to artificial reasons of land reclamation, etc. and may be endangered to be extinct if the protection is not strengthened.
Mangrove forest as unique wetland vegetation type provides rich food and good habitat for birds, fishes and other marine organisms, and has irreplaceable important functions in resisting natural disasters such as sea tides, storms and the like, maintaining and improving ecological environment of bay and estuary areas, maintaining stable yield and high yield of offshore fishery, protecting diversity of coastal wetland and the like. Areas with mangrove forest distribution all maintain higher bird biodiversity. The mangrove forest in China is a 'gas station' or 'resting foot point' for the migration of eastern hemisphere migratory birds.
The coastline of mangrove forest growth, which is also the edge of the main urban area where people gather, usually comes at the cost of occupying mangrove forest growth area in order to increase cultivation area, and in order to solve the contradiction between mangrove forest and artificial cultivation, the prior art adopts a mangrove forest and cultivation combined mode, such as: CN107801690A discloses a method for breeding ducks by seaside, which comprises the following steps: (1) site selection: selecting a beach with a mangrove forest nearby as a duck breeding beach; (2) building a duck shed: building a duck shed on the land at the distance of 300-400m from the beach in the distance (1); (3) feeding feed: feeding for 1 time every 3-4 hours in a brooding stage, prolonging the feeding interval time along with the increase of the daily age of the ducks, increasing the feeding amount, and feeding once every 6-8 hours after the daily age of the ducks reaches 25-30 days, wherein the feed comprises the following components: the feed comprises the following raw materials of Szechwan-style algae, seaweed, water hyacinth, rice grass, dandelion, bunge corydalis herb, gentian, plantain seed, shell powder, fish meal, river snail powder, crab powder and shrimp powder; (4) prevention and control of duck diseases: the inner wall and space of the duck shed are disinfected regularly or irregularly, and feeding and drinking appliances are soaked, brushed and disinfected by using low-toxicity strong-effect medicine liquor. However, this method is very unfavorable to mangrove growth in the actual process, ducks are omnivorous animals, benthonic animals on the mudflats of mangroves and mangroves themselves become food sources, and some trunks of the mangroves which are higher and larger are damaged into porous shapes due to the gnawing of duck groups, so that plants collapse and even die. For this reason, the cultivation of sea ducks in mangrove is a prohibited activity in some places.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at overcoming the problem between current mangrove forest and the breed, providing a mangrove forest coupling china bostrichthys obscura's breed pond, both can utilize mangrove forest resource, can protect the normal growth of mangrove forest again, can also obtain better chinese bosthys obscura breed effect simultaneously.
The utility model discloses in, first wall body with interval between the second wall body is the district of breeding, first kind plant the district with the second kind plants the district for planting, mangrove second kind plants the district outside and sets up the light beach that is roughly equal with breed area or planting area, for the space that the migrant bird provided the feeding, rested, for the district of foraging, the ratio of breed district with plant the district with the district of foraging is about the golden section ratio of 1:1: 1.
The specific scheme is as follows:
a mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond is located in a coastal intertidal zone, a mangrove forest planting area and a Chinese bosthys sinensis culture area are located in a high tide area and an upper bound of a medium tide area of the intertidal zone, a circular ditch is dug in the planting area to serve as a culture area, the planting area is approximately equal to the culture area, a lower bound of the medium tide area and an upper bound of a low tide area of the intertidal zone are bare beaches to serve as waiting bird foraging areas, and the area of the planting area, the area of the culture area and the area of the foraging area are approximately equal to a golden section ratio of 1:1: 1. The mangrove forest planting method comprises a first planting area and a second planting area which are arranged oppositely, mangrove forests are planted in the first planting area and the second planting area, a first wall body is arranged on one side, close to the second planting area, of the first planting area, a second wall body is arranged on one side, close to the first planting area, of the second planting area, and the top surfaces of the first wall body and the second wall body are flush with soil planted in the mangrove forests; a groove is formed between the first wall body and the second wall body, a net body is fixed on the inner wall of the groove, the net body is higher than the top surface of the wall body and exceeds the highest tide level of the place, the net body encloses a movable area forming the Bostrichthys sinensis, a water inlet gate is arranged on one side of the movable area adjacent to the first wall body, and a water outlet gate is arranged on one side opposite to the water inlet gate.
Furthermore, the net body is a plastic net, and the size of the net holes is 10-100 meshes.
Further, a beach is arranged on the outer side of the first planting area and/or the second planting area.
Further, the space between the first wall body and the second wall body is a culture area, the first planting area and the second planting area are planting areas, a light flat approximately equal to the culture area or the planting area is arranged on the outer side of the second planting area of the mangrove forest, a space for feeding and resting the migratory birds is provided, the mangrove forest is a foraging area, and the ratio of the culture area to the planting area to the foraging area is about a golden section ratio of 1:1: 1.
Furthermore, the bottom of the net body is embedded into the first wall body and the second wall body by 0.3-0.5m, the top of the net body is fixed by a support rod, and the support rod is inserted into the first wall body and the second wall body for fixing.
Furthermore, the first wall body with the second wall body both sides are fixed stake, the stake with connect the stay cord between the vaulting pole top, in order to stabilize the vaulting pole.
Further, the length of the brace is 3-5 meters, wherein the brace of 1/4-1/3 is inserted into the first wall and the second wall, and the rest is outside the first wall and the second wall.
Has the advantages that:
the utility model discloses in, the breed pond of the bostrichthys sinensis of mangrove coupling adopts the breed mode of wall body + dictyosome, when planting the mangrove, can also increase the breed area to and provide the migratory habitat, establish suitable ecological chain.
Furthermore, the utility model discloses in, the mangrove coupling china black-pond obscura's breed pond, chinese black-pond obscura draws the nutrition of mangrove litters, more is close natural environment and grows, has improved the breed quality widely, increases the breed income.
In a word, the mangrove forest is coupled with the culture pond of the Bostrichthys sinensis, so that the healthy growth of the mangrove forest is facilitated, the mangrove forest can purify water, an approximate natural growth environment of the Bostrichthys sinensis is built, a large amount of substances and energy are provided for the Bostrichthys sinensis, the quality and the flavor of the Bostrichthys sinensis are improved, and the economic benefit, the ecological benefit and the social benefit are great.
Drawings
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention more clearly, the accompanying drawings will be briefly described below, and it is to be understood that the drawings in the following description are only related to some embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention.
FIG. 1 is a top view of a mangrove forest coupled with a culture pond of Bostrichthys sinensis provided in an embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of a mangrove forest coupled with a culture pond of Bostrichthys sinensis according to an embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a mangrove forest coupled with a culture pond of bostrichthys sinensis according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description, but those skilled in the art will understand that the following described embodiments are some, not all, of the embodiments of the present invention, and are only used for illustrating the present invention, and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention. The examples, in which specific conditions are not specified, were conducted under conventional conditions or conditions recommended by the manufacturer. The reagents or instruments used are not indicated by the manufacturer, and are all conventional products available commercially.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example 1
A mangrove forest coupling culture pond of Bostrichthys sinensis is used in a coastal intertidal zone, referring to fig. 1 and 2, a land 14 in fig. 1 illustrates a land, the system comprises a first planting area 10 and a second planting area 20 which are oppositely arranged, the first planting area 10 and the second planting area 20 plant a mangrove forest 30, a first wall body 11 is arranged on one side of the first planting area 10 close to the second planting area 20, a second wall body 21 is arranged on one side of the second planting area 20 close to the first planting area 10, and the top surfaces of the first wall body 11 and the second wall body 21 are flush with soil planted in the mangrove forest 30; a groove 40 is formed between the first wall body 11 and the second wall body 21, a net body 50 is fixed on the inner wall of the groove 40, the net body 50 is higher than the top surfaces of the first wall body 11 and the second wall body 21, the net body 50 encloses a moving area of the bostrichthys sinensis, a water inlet gate 12 is arranged on one side of the moving area adjacent to the first wall body 11, a water outlet gate 13 is arranged on the opposite side of the water inlet gate 12, and the water inlet gate 12 and the water outlet gate 13 are flush with the top surfaces of the first wall body 11 and the second wall body 21; when the sea water rises (as shown in figure 2), the liquid level of the sea water 60 is below the highest point of the net body 50, and the Bostrichthys sinensis is restrained in the net body 50. When the seawater is ebried, the first wall body 11, the second wall body 21, the water inlet gate 12 and the water outlet gate 13 are enclosed to intercept part of the seawater to be used as an activity area of the Bostrichthys sinensis.
In the culture pond, the mangrove forest provides rich food sources for consumers at all levels of the bay estuary ecosystem, roots of the mangrove forest are criss-cross and have different shapes, litters of the mangrove forest enter between the first wall and the second wall along with seawater to provide rich organic matters for the ecosystem, a large amount of substances and energy are provided for the Bostrichthys sinensis, and in addition, the mangrove forest also has the function of purifying water.
The culture pond is preferably provided with a light beach 22 to provide a space for the waiting birds to eat and rest, and according to actual conditions, the culture area of the Bostrichthys sinensis can be set to be a mangrove forest planting area, namely the culture area of the Bostrichthys sinensis is about 1:1:1, so that the mangrove forest is utilized to carry out understory culture, a sufficient light beach area is reserved, a space for the waiting birds to eat and rest is provided, and biological diversity is increased.
Further, the distance between the first wall 11 and the second wall 21 is 0.5 to 1.5 times the width of the first planting area 10 or the second planting area 20.
In order to fix the net body, so that the net body is not easily disturbed by wind or seawater, the bottom of the net body 50 is preferably embedded into the first wall 11 for 0.3-0.5m, as shown in fig. 2, the top of the net body 50 is fixed by using a brace, and the brace is inserted into the wall 11 for fixing.
Example 2
A mangrove forest coupling culture pond for Bostrichthys sinensis is improved on the basis of the embodiment 1, and as shown in figure 3, mangroves forests 30 with equal width are planted on the side surfaces of a first wall body 11 and a second wall body 21. Preferably, there may be a light beach 22 on the outside of the mangrove 30 that is the same width as the mangrove to provide a place for birds to eat and rest.
The first wall 11 and the second wall 21 are flush with the land 14, and the water inlet and outlet gates are flush with the first wall 11 and the second wall 21. The two ends of the first wall body 11 and the second wall body 21 are respectively surrounded by plastic nets special for fish raft with the mesh of 10, and the surrounding nets are embedded into the soil wall for 0.3 m to fix the surrounding nets, so that a net body 50 is formed. The purse net is exposed out of the soil surface for 2.7 meters, which is higher than the highest tide level of the soil. The purse net is tied and fixed on a bamboo pole 70, the height h of the bamboo pole 70 is 4 m, the bamboo pole is pricked into the first wall body 11 and the second wall body 21 for 1 m, and 3 m is reserved on the ground.
The above dimensions are for illustration purposes only and do not limit the culture pond, and in other embodiments, the mesh size in the mesh body may be 20, 50 or 100 mesh. The bamboo pole 70 may also be 3 or 5 metres in length, with 1/4-1/3 lengths inserted into the wall accordingly, the remainder being outside the wall.
Preferably, the bamboo poles 70 are fixed by nylon ropes, and wooden piles are driven on both sides of the wall to prevent wind. During flood tide, no matter large tide or small tide, enough activity space of the Bostrichthys sinensis can be ensured, and during tide falling, enough seawater is still in the wall body for the Bostrichthys sinensis to move. And then the bostrichthys sinensis can be put into a purse net for breeding.
Because a large amount of and abundant natural baits which can be eaten by the Chinese odontobutis obscura exist in the sludge under the mangrove forest, when the purse net provided by the utility model is adopted to breed the Chinese odontobutis obscura under the mangrove forest, the Chinese odontobutis obscura can have enough space activity and feed when the tide rises; when the tide is ebried, the Bostrichthys sinensis is left between the walls, and the water depth is enough to allow the Bostrichthys sinensis to better survive. When tide rises, the bait and the sediment in the purse net can be taken away along with the seawater, and when tide falls back, the gate opening retains new seawater and sediment. Along with the full fusion of the sludge in the tidal surge and the external environment, the natural feed is continuously provided for the Bostrichthys sinensis, so that the bait putting amount is reduced, the culture cost is saved, the natural growth environment is approached, and the mouthfeel of the ecological culture of the purse seine can be comparable with that of the naturally grown Bostrichthys sinensis. The method has simple steps and easy operation, saves the discharge of the culture fertilizer water, and greatly reduces the risk of pollution to the external environment.
The above detailed description describes the preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the details of the above embodiments, and the technical idea of the present invention can be within the scope of the present invention, and can be right to the technical solution of the present invention, and these simple modifications all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that the various features described in the above embodiments may be combined in any suitable manner without departing from the scope of the invention. In order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the present invention does not separately describe various possible combinations.
In addition, various embodiments of the present invention can be combined arbitrarily, and the disclosed content should be regarded as the present invention as long as it does not violate the idea of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond is characterized in that: the mangrove forest planting method comprises a first planting area and a second planting area which are arranged oppositely, mangrove forests are planted in the first planting area and the second planting area, a first wall body is arranged on one side, close to the second planting area, of the first planting area, a second wall body is arranged on one side, close to the first planting area, of the second planting area, and the top surfaces of the first wall body and the second wall body are flush with soil planted in the mangrove forests; a groove is formed between the first wall body and the second wall body, a net body is fixed on the inner wall of the groove and is higher than the top surface of the wall body, the net body encloses a movable area forming the Bostrichthys sinensis, a water inlet gate is arranged on one side of the movable area adjacent to the first wall body, and a water outlet gate is arranged on the side opposite to the water inlet gate.
2. The mangrove forest coupling culture pond of bostrichthys sinensis as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the net body is a plastic net, and the size of the meshes is 10-100 meshes.
3. The mangrove forest coupling culture pond of bostrichthys sinensis as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a beach is arranged outside the first planting area and/or the second planting area.
4. The mangrove forest coupling culture pond of Bostrichthys sinensis according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the bottom of the net body is embedded into the first wall body and the second wall body by 0.3-0.5m, the top of the net body is fixed by a support rod, and the support rod is inserted into the first wall body and the second wall body for fixing.
5. The mangrove forest coupling culture pond of bostrichthys sinensis as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the first wall body with the second wall body both sides are fixed timber pile, timber pile with connect the stay cord between the stay bar top, in order to stabilize the stay bar.
6. The mangrove forest coupling culture pond of bostrichthys sinensis as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the length of the brace is 3-5 meters, wherein the brace of 1/4-1/3 is inserted into the first wall and the second wall, and the rest is outside the first wall and the second wall.
CN202120564297.XU 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond Active CN214593662U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120564297.XU CN214593662U (en) 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120564297.XU CN214593662U (en) 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214593662U true CN214593662U (en) 2021-11-05

Family

ID=78395581

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120564297.XU Active CN214593662U (en) 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214593662U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103907558B (en) Marine shoal ecosystem herds breeding method
Sifa et al. Culture and capture of fish in Chinese reservoirs
Korringa Farming marine fishes and shrimps
JP2005065562A (en) Method for culturing loach
CN103583428A (en) Method for cultivating loach larvae by arranging net cages in pond
Rehm The effects of the wood-boring isopod Sphaeroma terebrans on the mangrove communities of Florida
CN214593662U (en) Mangrove forest coupling Chinese bostrichthys sinensis culture pond
CN108935329B (en) Northeast wood frog open habitat and construction method thereof
Dat Description of mud crab (Scylla spp.) culture methods in Vietnam
Hickling Estuarine fish farming
Rasowo Mariculture development in Kenya: alternatives to siting ponds in the mangrove ecosystem
Sengupta Mangroves: soldiers of our coasts
CN208402945U (en) A kind of stone frog ecologic breeding ditch
CN112772476A (en) Marine ecosystem for mangrove planting and coupling bostrichthys sinensis breeding
Macintosh Aquaculture in coastal lagoons
KR100494224B1 (en) A buoy connecting structure for abalone cultivation
Chen Ecosystem of the Yangtze River Basin
CN211532344U (en) Facility for bird habitat type ecological landscape wetland
KR102315956B1 (en) Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture for seaweeds and sea squirt
CN113598132A (en) Wild goose and duck friendly fishery ecological breeding system and method
KR102030965B1 (en) A submerged type aquaculture apparatus
CN216088323U (en) Greenhouse culture system of micropterus salmoides
CN113354092A (en) Multifunctional artificial habitat system for lake and reservoir ecological restoration
KR100374747B1 (en) an artificial water grass of lope type for bringing up a bio resources rearing and that is used to purify method of the quality of water
CN214299505U (en) Ecological reef device for purifying water quality by utilizing algae, spirochaeta symbiotic system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant