CN214569163U - Brick stacking system - Google Patents

Brick stacking system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214569163U
CN214569163U CN202022480471.0U CN202022480471U CN214569163U CN 214569163 U CN214569163 U CN 214569163U CN 202022480471 U CN202022480471 U CN 202022480471U CN 214569163 U CN214569163 U CN 214569163U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
pushing
stacking
conveying line
driving
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CN202022480471.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵虎
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Xuzhou Kairun Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Xuzhou Kairun Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202022480471.0U priority Critical patent/CN214569163U/en
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Publication of CN214569163U publication Critical patent/CN214569163U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a fragment of brick pile up neatly system, include: the feeding and transferring mechanism is used for conveying the maintenance unit; the material arranging mechanism is used for pushing the bricks away from the supporting plate to arrange the bricks in an arranging manner; the stacking mechanism is butted with the material arranging mechanism and is used for stacking the arranged bricks; a pallet separating mechanism which is butted with the feeding and transferring mechanism and is used for stacking and arranging the pallets; the pallet feeding mechanism is butted with the stacking mechanism and is used for conveying pallets to the stacking mechanism; wherein, the pile up neatly mechanism includes: the stacking device comprises a stacking frame, a lifting and supporting mechanism, a blocking component, a clamping and arranging component and a pressing and leveling component. During the use, carry the maintenance unit by material loading transfer mechanism, provide the pallet by pallet feeding mechanism to pile up neatly mechanism, arrange the fragment of brick by reason material mechanism in order for the fragment of brick can neatly inseparable range, on the fragment of brick was transferred to lift support yard mechanism afterwards, realize spacing and the pile up neatly to the fragment of brick, improve pile up neatly efficiency.

Description

Brick stacking system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a fragment of brick processing equipment technical field, in particular to fragment of brick pile up neatly system.
Background
Along with the promotion of production technology, some dedicated fragment of brick former of building block accessible utilize corresponding mould press forming at present, and the fragment of brick after the shaping need carry out the maintenance of certain time, and the fragment of brick need place on a layer board during the maintenance, and a layer fragment of brick can only be placed to a layer board, and adjacent fragment of brick need leave the clearance to guarantee the circulation of air. The fragment of brick is when leaving the factory, needs to shift the fragment of brick of same layer from the layer board and closely arrange on shipment pallet, and this step needs to be supplementary through many equipment at present to be accomplished, and the complex operation process is loaded down with trivial details complicacy, wastes time and energy.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a fragment of brick pile up neatly system has the advantage with the neat pile up neatly of fragment of brick that can be quick convenient.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a brick stacking system, comprising:
the feeding and transferring mechanism is used for conveying the maintenance unit, and the maintenance unit comprises a supporting plate and a layer of bricks laid on the supporting plate;
the material arranging mechanism is used for pushing the bricks away from the supporting plate to arrange the bricks in an arranging manner;
the stacking mechanism is butted with the material arranging mechanism and is used for stacking the arranged bricks;
the supporting plate separating mechanism is butted with the feeding and transferring mechanism and is used for stacking and arranging the supporting plates; and the number of the first and second groups,
the pallet feeding mechanism is butted with the stacking mechanism and is used for conveying pallets to the stacking mechanism;
wherein, the pile up neatly mechanism includes:
the stacking frame is butted with the discharge end of the material arranging mechanism;
the lifting code supporting mechanism is borne on the stacking frame and used for supporting the pallet and the bricks;
the blocking component is arranged on one side of the stacking frame, close to the material arranging mechanism, and is lifted to limit the movement of the bricks;
the clamping arrangement components are arranged on the two sides of the stacking rack along the brick transferring direction and used for oppositely clamping the two sides of the brick; and the number of the first and second groups,
the pressing and leveling component is arranged on one side of the stacking rack opposite to the blocking component and used for pressing the outer side face of the brick.
Realize above-mentioned technical scheme, during the use, carry the maintenance unit by material loading transfer mechanism, provide the pallet to the pile up neatly mechanism by pallet feeding mechanism, the initial condition goes up and down to hold in the palm the sign indicating number mechanism and be located the extreme low position, make the pallet can be directly transferred to going up and down to hold in the palm the sign indicating number mechanism on, when the maintenance unit is transferred to the department of reason material mechanism, arrange the fragment of brick by reason material mechanism in order, make the fragment of brick can neatly inseparable range, the fragment of brick is transferred to going up and down to hold in the palm the sign indicating number mechanism afterwards, it descends to separate the subassembly afterwards, the centre gripping is arranged the subassembly and is pressed from both sides tight relatively, it supports the lateral surface of fragment of brick tightly to compress tightly the sign indicating number flat subassembly, it rises to the superiors the fragment of brick and is docked mutually with reason material mechanism to go up and hold in the palm the sign indicating number mechanism, thereby realize spacing and pile up neatly to the fragment of brick, pile up neatly efficiency is improved.
As an optimized scheme of the utility model, material loading transfer mechanism includes:
a first conveying line for conveying a plurality of stacked curing units;
the second conveying line is used for conveying the maintenance units forward one by one, and is higher than the first conveying line;
a clamping and shifting mechanism for transferring the maintenance units one by one from the first conveying line to the second conveying line, the clamping and shifting mechanism comprising: the maintenance unit lifting device comprises a walking truss, a clamping and supporting assembly and a displacement driving assembly, wherein the walking truss stretches across the first conveying line and moves in a reciprocating mode, the clamping and supporting assembly is assembled on two sides of the walking truss in a sliding mode along the vertical direction and used for clamping the clamping and supporting assembly into the bottom of a supporting plate located on the uppermost layer, and the displacement driving assembly is used for driving the clamping and supporting assembly to move in a reciprocating mode so as to lift the maintenance unit located on the uppermost layer to the second conveying line;
the walking truss comprises: the support body, set up and be in the walking gyro wheel of support body bottom and be used for the drive walking gyro wheel reciprocating rotation's servo drive subassembly, servo drive subassembly selects alone or the combination is suitable for from following structure: a gear drive, a belt drive, or a sprocket drive.
The technical scheme is realized, the maintenance units stacked at a certain height are transferred to a first conveying line through a forklift during feeding, the maintenance units are driven by the first conveying line to move forwards, so that the maintenance units can be closely arranged on the first conveying line, a walking roller is driven to rotate through a servo driving assembly, a walking truss is moved to a position corresponding to the maintenance units, a clamping and supporting assembly is driven by a shifting driving assembly to descend to a position corresponding to the uppermost maintenance unit and clamped at the bottom of the maintenance unit, the maintenance units are lifted to a height level with a second conveying line through the shifting driving assembly, and finally the maintenance units are transferred to the second conveying line through the walking truss, so that feeding can be carried out, and because enough space is needed during stacking, feeding is carried out in a mode of combining the first conveying line and the second conveying line, so that the feeding is convenient and enough stacking space can be provided, make things convenient for the fragment of brick to carry out quick orderly pile up neatly.
As an optimized scheme of the utility model, the card holds in the palm the subassembly and includes: the lifting seat is assembled on the frame body in a sliding mode, the clamping cylinder is fixed on the lifting seat, and the clamping plate is fixed on a piston rod of the clamping cylinder; the displacement drive assembly includes: the rotary type assemble in the synchronizing shaft of support body, with sprocket assembly that the synchronizing shaft is connected and be used for the drive synchronizing shaft pivoted aversion driving motor, sprocket assembly with the lift seat is connected.
According to the technical scheme, the lifting seat moves in a reciprocating mode to adjust the position of the clamping cylinder, the clamping cylinder drives the clamping plate to stretch into the bottom of the clamping maintenance unit, the maintenance unit can be supported to move upwards, the synchronous shaft is driven to rotate through the shifting driving motor, the chain wheel assembly is driven to transmit, and the lifting seat is driven to move.
As a preferred scheme of the utility model, reason material mechanism includes:
the second conveying line is fixed on the rack;
the material arranging plate is arranged on one side of the second conveying line, and a first pushing mechanism used for pushing bricks from the supporting plate to the material arranging plate is arranged on the other side of the second conveying line;
the reversing turntable is arranged on one side of the material arranging plate, a reversing motor for driving the reversing turntable to rotate is arranged on the rack, and a second pushing mechanism for pushing bricks from the material arranging plate to the reversing turntable is arranged on the other side of the material arranging plate; and the number of the first and second groups,
the material receiving plate is arranged on one side, away from the second conveying line, of the reversing rotary table, a third pushing mechanism used for pushing bricks to the material receiving plate from the reversing rotary table is arranged on the other side of the reversing rotary table, and the material receiving plate is connected with a shifting conveying line.
According to the technical scheme, when the maintenance unit is transferred to the position corresponding to the material sorting plate by the second conveying line, the second conveying line stops acting, then bricks are pushed to one side of the material sorting plate by the first pushing mechanism, the bricks can be close to each other in one direction in the pushing process, the bricks are pushed to the preset position on the material sorting plate by the first pushing mechanism, then the bricks are pushed to the reversing turntable by the second pushing mechanism, the bricks are close to each other in the other direction until the bricks are completely pushed to the central position of the material sorting plate, then the reversing turntable is driven by the reversing motor to rotate 90 degrees, then the bricks are pushed to the material receiving plate by the third pushing mechanism, the bricks are further sorted in the pushing process, and finally the bricks are transferred to the stacking station by the transfer conveying line, so that the bricks can be conveniently stacked.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first pushing mechanism, the second pushing mechanism and the third pushing mechanism all include: the pushing device comprises a pushing frame capable of moving in a reciprocating manner, a pushing plate assembled on the pushing frame in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, and a pushing cylinder for driving the pushing plate to move in a reciprocating manner;
the rack is provided with a walking rack arranged along the moving direction of the pushing frame, the pushing frame is provided with a walking driving shaft in a rotating connection mode, two ends of the walking driving shaft are fixedly provided with walking gears meshed with the walking rack, and the pushing frame is further provided with a walking driving motor used for driving the walking driving shaft to rotate in a reciprocating mode;
still be equipped with in the frame with the corresponding propelling movement guide assembly of first propelling movement mechanism, propelling movement guide assembly includes: the material sorting device comprises a guide cylinder and a guide rib plate fixed on a piston rod of the guide cylinder, wherein the guide rib plate can move from one side of the material sorting plate to the other side of the material sorting plate.
According to the technical scheme, when the bricks are pushed, the push plate is driven by the push cylinder to descend to one side of the bricks, then the walking driving motor drives the walking gear to rotate, so that the walking rack is meshed to drive the push frame to move, the bricks are pushed to move, the push plate is driven by the push cylinder to ascend again after the bricks are moved in place, and the push frame moves and resets again, so that interference with other bricks is avoided; meanwhile, when the bricks are transferred to the material arranging plate from the second conveying line, the guide rib plate is driven to move to one side close to the second conveying line by the guide air cylinder, so that the guide rib plate and the first pushing mechanism clamp the bricks relatively, then the guide rib plate is driven to retreat along with the first pushing mechanism by the guide air cylinder, and a guide track is provided for the second pushing mechanism to push the bricks, so that the brick pushing process is more stable.
As the utility model discloses an optimal scheme, pallet feeding mechanism includes:
the storage rack is provided with an opening at one side, a feeding conveying line for conveying the pallet is arranged at the bottom of the storage rack, and the feeding conveying line is butted with the lifting support mechanism; and the number of the first and second groups,
bear in the storage frame be used for with the pallet that piles up place one by one in the bearing drop feed mechanism of material loading transfer chain, bearing drop feed mechanism symmetry is provided with two sets ofly, bearing drop feed mechanism includes: the rotary type is assembled on a bearing shaft of the storage rack, at least two support rods fixed on the bearing shaft and a discharging driving assembly used for driving the bearing shaft to rotate in a reciprocating mode, and when stacked pallets are located on the feeding conveying line, the support rods can be separated from the pallet located at the lowest position and rotate to the bottom of the second pallet;
the blowing drive assembly includes: the material storage rack comprises a material discharging driving cylinder hinged to the material storage rack and a connecting rod, one end of the connecting rod is fixed on the bearing shaft, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged to a piston rod of the material discharging driving cylinder.
Realize above-mentioned technical scheme, in operation, place a plurality of good pallets of pile on the storage frame through fork truck, through bearing drop feed mechanism bearing, make the pallet and the separation of second piece pallet of below, the material loading transfer chain can carry the pallet forward of below this moment, carry and accomplish the back, the blowing drives the flexible connecting rod rotation that promotes of actuating cylinder, thereby drive the bearing axle and rotate downwards, place remaining pallet on the material loading transfer chain once more, drive the bearing axle gyration afterwards, the die-pin inserts the pallet upwards lifting more than the second piece in second piece pallet bottom once more, with the pallet separation of below, thereby realized carrying the pallet forward purpose one by one with the pallet.
As a preferred aspect of the present invention, the supporting plate detaching mechanism includes:
the separation conveying line is butted with the second conveying line and is used for conveying the supporting plate separated from the bricks;
and a receiving pile assembly butted with the separation conveying line, wherein the receiving pile assembly comprises: the device comprises a bearing frame arranged at the discharge end of the separation conveying line, two groups of lifting transmission belts symmetrically arranged on two sides of the bearing frame, a hinge seat fixed on the lifting transmission belts, a bearing plate hinged to the hinge seat and capable of rotating within a preset angle range, and a power driving mechanism used for driving the lifting transmission belts to operate, wherein the bearing plate can be abutted by a supporting plate positioned below to rotate upwards so as to be separated from the supporting plate; and the number of the first and second groups,
the receiving conveying line is arranged at the bottom of the bearing frame and used for placing the supporting plate.
The technical scheme is realized, bricks are separated from the supporting plate and then continuously conveyed forwards through the separation conveying line, the bearing plate is positioned at the position butted with the discharge end of the separation conveying line in an initial state, the supporting plate drops on the bearing plate after being output from the separation conveying line, then the power driving mechanism drives the lifting driving belt to move to drive the bearing plate to descend until the supporting plate is placed on the material receiving conveying line or stacked on the supporting plate below, when the lifting driving belt continuously moves, the bearing plate upwards rotates due to the collision of the supporting plate below so as to be separated from the supporting plate above, the side surface attached to the stacked supporting plate below continuously descends until the supporting plate is moved to be butted with the separation conveying line again, so that the continuous collection of the supporting plate is realized, the continuous collection and stacking work of the bricks are convenient, and finally, after the supporting plate is stacked to a certain height, the conveying line can be moved out, and performing continuous recycling.
As a preferred scheme of the present invention, a first fixture block is disposed on the receiving plate, a second fixture block is disposed on the hinge seat, and when the receiving plate rotates to a horizontal state, the first fixture block is abutted against the second fixture block;
a mounting plate is arranged on one side, away from the separation conveying line, of the upper end of the bearing frame, a limit stop is arranged on the mounting plate, and the limit stop corresponds to the stagnation position of the bearing plate;
be fixed with the installation guide arm on the mounting panel, limit stop sliding connection in the installation guide arm, the cover is equipped with one end contradict on the installation guide arm the mounting panel, and the other end contradict in limit stop's elastic damping member.
Realize above-mentioned technical scheme, rotate through the first fixture block of second fixture block restriction, realize blockking the location to the layer board through limit stop to the restriction of accepting the board, prevent that the layer board from removing the dislocation, can make more neat that the layer board piles up simultaneously, and the elastic shock attenuation piece can cushion the layer board, reduces the damage that the layer board caused because of rigid contact.
As a preferred scheme of the utility model, lift asks ink recorder to construct with the discharge end of aversion transfer chain docks mutually, lift asks ink recorder to construct to include: the material receiving plate can be moved to the position right above the stacking table by the shifting conveying line driving rod, and the servo lifting assembly is selected from the following structures to be applicable singly or in combination: a chain drive assembly or a lead screw drive assembly.
According to the technical scheme, the servo driving assembly drives the code supporting table to move up and down, so that the height of the brick stacking table can be adjusted.
As a preferred aspect of the present invention, the blocking assembly includes: the separation baffle is fixed on a piston rod of the separation air cylinder;
still be equipped with on the baffle and support and push away the subassembly, it includes to support to push away the subassembly: the pushing device comprises a transmission wheel set, a pushing screw, a pushing seat and a pushing plate, wherein the transmission wheel set is rotatably assembled on one side, close to the shifting conveying line, of the partition plate, the pushing screw is positioned on the other side of the partition plate and fixed to a rotating shaft of the transmission wheel set, the pushing seat is slidably assembled on the partition plate and in threaded connection with the pushing screw, and the pushing plate is fixed to the pushing seat;
the clamping arrangement assembly comprises: the clamping plates are assembled on two sides of the stacking frame in a sliding mode, the double-head cylinder is fixed on the stacking frame, and the clamping plates are connected with a piston rod of the double-head cylinder;
the compact leveling assembly comprises: the stacking mechanism comprises a mounting shaft, a reset elastic piece, a pressing plate, a driving chain wheel, a stacking driving cylinder and a driving chain, wherein the mounting shaft is rotatably assembled on the stacking frame, the reset elastic piece is fixed at one end of the mounting shaft and is connected to the stacking frame at the other end of the mounting shaft, the pressing plate is fixed on the mounting shaft, the driving chain wheel is fixed at the end part of a mounting seat, the stacking driving cylinder is fixed on the stacking frame, one end of the driving chain wheel is fixed on the driving chain wheel, the other end of the driving chain wheel is fixed on a piston rod of the stacking driving cylinder, and the driving chain is meshed with the driving chain wheel; when the reset elastic piece is in a natural state, the pressing plate is folded on one side of the stacking frame.
According to the technical scheme, the blocking cylinder drives the blocking plate to descend, so that backward movement of bricks can be limited, the chain transmission wheel set rotates after the blocking plate descends to be attached to the support platform, the pushing screw is driven to rotate to enable the pushing seat to move forwards, the bricks can be further and neatly compressed through the pushing plate, the double-head cylinder drives the clamping plates on the two sides to synchronously move, and then the clamping plates on the two sides of the bricks can be clamped and neatly stacked; under initial condition, the sign indicating number drive actuating cylinder is in the state of stretching out, and the pressure strip draws in pile up neatly frame one side under the effect of the elastic component that resets, and when the fragment of brick removed to the pile up neatly frame in, the sign indicating number drives actuating cylinder and contracts and stimulate drive chain, and drive chain stimulates drive sprocket promptly and rotates, makes the pressure strip support and presses the lateral surface at the fragment of brick, realizes compressing tightly the sign indicating number to the fragment of brick.
To sum up, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
the embodiment of the utility model provides a through providing a fragment of brick pile up neatly system, include: the feeding and transferring mechanism is used for conveying the maintenance unit, and the maintenance unit comprises a supporting plate and a layer of bricks laid on the supporting plate; the material arranging mechanism is used for pushing the bricks away from the supporting plate to arrange the bricks in an arranging manner; the stacking mechanism is butted with the material arranging mechanism and is used for stacking the arranged bricks; the supporting plate separating mechanism is butted with the feeding and transferring mechanism and is used for stacking and arranging the supporting plates; the pallet feeding mechanism is butted with the stacking mechanism and is used for conveying pallets to the stacking mechanism; wherein, the pile up neatly mechanism includes: the stacking frame is butted with the discharge end of the material arranging mechanism; the lifting code supporting mechanism is borne on the stacking frame and used for supporting the pallet and the bricks; the blocking component is arranged on one side of the stacking frame, close to the material arranging mechanism, and is lifted to limit the movement of the bricks; the clamping arrangement components are arranged on the two sides of the stacking rack along the brick transferring direction and used for oppositely clamping the two sides of the brick; and the pressing and leveling component is arranged on one side of the stacking rack opposite to the blocking component and used for pressing the outer side surface of the brick. During the use, carry the maintenance unit by material loading transfer mechanism, provide the pallet by pallet feeding mechanism to pile up neatly mechanism, the lifting bracket sign indicating number mechanism is located the extreme low position under the initial condition, make the pallet can be directly transferred to lifting bracket sign indicating number mechanism on, when the maintenance unit is transferred to reason material mechanism department, arrange the fragment of brick by reason material mechanism, make the fragment of brick can neatly inseparable range, the fragment of brick is transferred to lifting bracket sign indicating number mechanism afterwards, the fender subassembly descends afterwards, the centre gripping is arranged the subassembly and is pressed from both sides fragment of brick relatively tight, compress tightly the lateral surface of the flat subassembly of sign indicating number and support tightly the fragment of brick, lifting bracket sign indicating number mechanism rises to the superiors fragment of brick and reason material mechanism butt joint, thereby realize spacing and pile up neatly to the fragment of brick, improve pile up neatly efficiency.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a feeding and transferring mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a side view of the feeding and transferring mechanism according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a top view of the material arranging mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the first pushing mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a front view of the pallet feeding mechanism according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a side view of the pallet feeding mechanism according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the stacking mechanism according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is a front view of a pallet release mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a side view of a pallet release mechanism in an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the hinge seat and the receiving plate according to the embodiment of the present invention.
The corresponding part names indicated by the numbers and letters in the drawings:
1. a feeding and transferring mechanism; 11. a first conveyor line; 111. a guide plate; 12. a second conveyor line; 13. A clamping and shifting mechanism; 131. a walking truss; 1311. a frame body; 1312. a walking roller; 1313. a servo drive assembly; 132. a card holder assembly; 1321. a lifting seat; 1322. clamping the air cylinder; 1323. clamping a plate; 1324. a support guide rod; 133. a displacement drive assembly; 1331. a synchronizing shaft; 1332. a sprocket assembly; 1333. a shift driving motor;
2. a material arranging mechanism; 21. a frame; 211. a traveling rack; 22. a material arranging plate; 23. a first pushing mechanism; 231. a pushing frame; 232. pushing the plate; 233. a push cylinder; 234. a travel drive shaft; 235. A traveling gear; 236. a travel driving motor; 237. a stabilizing gear; 24. a reversing turntable; 25. a second pushing mechanism; 26. a material receiving plate; 261. a shifting conveyor line; 27. a third pushing mechanism; 28. a push guide assembly; 281. a guide cylinder; 282. a guide rib plate;
3. a pallet feeding mechanism; 31. a storage rack; 311. a feeding conveying line; 312. an arc-shaped guide plate; 313. A support rib; 314. a pilot rib plate; 32. a supporting and discharging mechanism; 321. a bearing shaft; 322. a support rod; 3221. a material supporting plate; 323. a discharge driving assembly; 3231. a discharging driving cylinder; 3232. a connecting rod;
4. a stacking mechanism; 41. a stacking rack; 42. a lifting support mechanism; 421. a code supporting platform; 422. a servo lifting assembly; 43. a barrier assembly; 431. a blocking cylinder; 432. a baffle plate; 44. clamping the arrangement assembly; 441. a clamping plate; 442. a double-ended cylinder; 45. a compression leveling assembly; 451. installing a shaft; 452. a restoring elastic member; 453. a compression plate; 454. a drive sprocket; 455. a code-level driving cylinder; 456. a drive chain; 46. a pushing component; 461. a transmission wheel set; 462. pushing the screw; 463. a pushing seat; 464. pushing the plate;
5. a pallet release mechanism; 51. separating the conveying line; 511. cleaning the brush; 52. receiving the stacking assembly; 521. a receiving frame; 522. lifting the transmission belt; 523. a hinged seat; 524. a bearing plate; 525. a power drive mechanism; 5251. a linkage assembly; 5252. a servo drive motor; 526. a first clamping block; 527. A second fixture block; 53. a material receiving conveying line; 54. mounting a plate; 541. a limit stop block; 542. installing a guide rod; 543. an elastic shock absorbing member.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Examples
A brick stacking system, as shown in fig. 1, comprising: the feeding and transferring mechanism 1 is used for conveying a maintenance unit, and the maintenance unit comprises a supporting plate and a layer of bricks laid on the supporting plate; the arranging mechanism 2 is used for pushing the bricks away from the supporting plate to arrange the bricks in an arranging manner; the stacking mechanism 4 is butted with the material arranging mechanism 2 and is used for stacking the arranged bricks; a pallet separating mechanism 5 which is butted with the feeding and transferring mechanism 1 and is used for stacking and arranging the pallets; and a pallet feeding mechanism 3 interfacing with the palletizing mechanism 4 for feeding pallets to the palletizing mechanism 4.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the loading and transfer mechanism 1 includes: a first conveyor line 11 for conveying a plurality of stacked curing units; a second conveyor line 12 for conveying the curing units one by one forward, the second conveyor line 12 being higher than the first conveyor line 11; and a clamping and shifting mechanism 13 for transferring the maintenance units one by one from the first conveying line 11 to the second conveying line 12.
The first conveying line 11 and the second conveying line 12 can both adopt chain conveying lines, and an obliquely arranged guide plate 111 is arranged at the inlet end of the first conveying line 11 so as to place the stacked curing units on the first conveying line 11; the clamping displacement mechanism 13 includes: the maintenance device comprises a walking truss 131 which crosses the first conveying line 11 and moves back and forth, a clamping and supporting assembly 132 which is slidably assembled at two sides of the walking truss 131 along the vertical direction and is used for clamping the bottom of the pallet at the uppermost layer, and a displacement driving assembly 133 which is used for driving the clamping and supporting assembly 132 to move back and forth so as to lift the maintenance unit at the uppermost layer to the second conveying line 12.
The walking truss 131 includes: the device comprises a frame body 1311, walking rollers 1312 arranged at the bottom of the frame body 1311 and a servo driving assembly 1313 used for driving the walking rollers 1312 to rotate in a reciprocating mode, guide rails are arranged on the two sides of the first conveying line 11 on the ground, the walking rollers 1312 are matched with the guide rails and can move in a reciprocating mode along the guide rails, and the servo driving assembly 1313 is selected from the following structures singly or in combination: the gear transmission mechanism, the belt transmission mechanism or the sprocket transmission mechanism drives the walking roller 1312 to rotate through the servo driving component 1313, so that the walking truss 131 can reciprocate.
The card holder assembly 132 includes: the maintenance device comprises a lifting seat 1321 which is assembled on a frame body 1311 in a sliding mode, a clamping cylinder 1322 fixed on the lifting seat 1321 and a clamping plate 1323 fixed on a piston rod of the clamping cylinder 1322, wherein the clamping plate 1323 is L-shaped, a support guide rod 1324 is fixed on the clamping plate 1323, the support guide rod 1324 is assembled on the lifting seat 1321 in a sliding mode, the clamping plate 1323 is guided and supported through the support guide rod 1324, the stability of the clamping plate 1323 is improved, the position of the clamping cylinder 1322 is adjusted through reciprocating movement of the lifting seat 1321, the clamping plate 1323 is driven to stretch into the bottom of a clamping maintenance unit through the clamping cylinder 1322, and the maintenance unit can be supported to move upwards.
The shift driving assembly 133 includes: the lifting mechanism comprises a synchronizing shaft 1331 rotatably assembled on a frame body 1311, sprocket assemblies 1332 connected with the synchronizing shaft 1331, and a displacement driving motor 1333 for driving the synchronizing shaft 1331 to rotate, wherein the sprocket assemblies 1332 are connected with a lifting seat 1321, two sets of sprocket assemblies 1332 are arranged on the sprocket assemblies 1332, the two sets of sprocket assemblies 1332 are respectively connected to two ends of the synchronizing shaft 1331, and the synchronizing shaft 1331 is driven to rotate by the displacement driving motor 1333, so that the sprocket assemblies 1332 are driven to drive the lifting seat 1321 to move.
During loading, the maintenance units stacked at a certain height are transferred to the first conveying line 11 through a forklift, the maintenance units are driven to move forwards by the first conveying line 11, so that the maintenance units can be closely arranged on the first conveying line 11, then the walking truss 131 moves to the position corresponding to the maintenance units, the clamping and supporting assembly 132 is driven by the shifting driving assembly 133 to descend to the position corresponding to the uppermost maintenance unit and clamped into the bottom of the maintenance unit, the maintenance units are lifted to the height level with the second conveying line 12 through the shifting driving assembly 133, finally the maintenance units are transferred to the second conveying line 12 through the walking truss 131, loading can be carried out, due to the fact that enough space is needed during stacking, loading is carried out in a mode of combining the first conveying line 11 and the second conveying line 12, loading is convenient and can provide enough stacking space, make things convenient for the fragment of brick to carry out quick orderly pile up neatly.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the material arranging mechanism 2 includes: the frame 21, the second conveying line 12 is fixed on the frame 21; the material arranging plate 22 is arranged on one side of the second conveying line 12, and a first pushing mechanism 23 used for pushing bricks from the supporting plates to the material arranging plate 22 is arranged on the other side of the second conveying line 12; the reversing turntable 24 is arranged on one side of the material arranging plate 22, the frame 21 is provided with a reversing motor for driving the reversing turntable 24 to rotate, and the other side of the material arranging plate 22 is provided with a second pushing mechanism 25 for pushing bricks from the material arranging plate 22 to the reversing turntable 24; and a material receiving plate 26 arranged on one side of the reversing rotary table 24, which is far away from the second conveying line 12, a third pushing mechanism 27 for pushing bricks from the reversing rotary table 24 to the material receiving plate 26 is arranged on the other side of the reversing rotary table 24, and the material receiving plate 26 is connected with a shifting conveying line 261.
The second conveying line 12 and the shift conveying line 261 can both adopt chain conveying belts, and the first pushing mechanism 23, the second pushing mechanism 25 and the third pushing mechanism 27 all include: the pushing device comprises a pushing frame 231 capable of moving back and forth, a pushing plate 232 assembled on the pushing frame 231 in a sliding mode along the vertical direction, and a pushing cylinder 233 used for driving the pushing plate 232 to move back and forth, wherein a traveling rack 211 arranged along the moving direction of the pushing frame 231 is arranged on a machine frame 21, a traveling driving shaft 234 is rotatably connected to the pushing frame 231, traveling gears 235 meshed with the traveling racks 211 are fixed at two ends of the traveling driving shaft 234, and a traveling driving motor 236 used for driving the traveling driving shaft 234 to rotate back and forth is further arranged on the pushing frame 231; meanwhile, a traveling roller 1312 is further arranged on the pushing frame 231, a traveling rail is arranged below the traveling rack 211 on the rack 21, the traveling roller 1312 is matched with the traveling rail and clamps the traveling rack 211 together with the traveling gear 235, a stabilizing gear 237 meshed with the traveling rack 211 is further rotatably connected to one side of the rack 21, which is located on the traveling gear 235, and the pushing frame 231 is made to move more stably through the stabilizing gear 237.
When promoting the fragment of brick earlier by push pedal 232 of push cylinder 233 drive decline to the one side that is located the fragment of brick, rotate through walking drive motor 236 drive walking gear 235 afterwards to meshing walking rack 211 drives push frame 231 and removes, promotes the fragment of brick and removes, and the back push pedal 232 that removes to the right place is driven once more by push cylinder 233 and is risen, and push frame 231 removes once more and resets, thereby avoids taking place to interfere with other fragments of brick.
Further, a pushing guide assembly 28 corresponding to the first pushing mechanism 23 is further disposed on the frame 21, and the pushing guide assembly 28 includes: a guide cylinder 281 and a guide rib 282 fixed to a piston rod of the guide cylinder 281, the guide rib 282 being movable from one side to the other side of the tidying plate 22; when bricks are transferred from the second conveying line 12 to the material sorting plate 22, the guide air cylinder 281 drives the guide rib plate 282 to move to one side close to the second conveying line 12, so that the guide rib plate 282 and the first pushing mechanism 23 clamp the bricks relatively, and then the guide air cylinder 281 drives the guide rib plate 282 to retreat along with the first pushing mechanism 23 and provide a guide track for the bricks pushed by the second pushing mechanism 25, so that the brick pushing process is more stable.
When the maintenance unit is transferred to a position corresponding to the material arranging plate 22 by the second conveying line 12, the second conveying line 12 stops acting, then the bricks are pushed to one side of the material arranging plate 22 by the first pushing mechanism 23, the bricks can be close to each other in one direction in the pushing process, after the bricks are pushed to the predetermined position on the material arranging plate 22 by the first pushing mechanism 23, the bricks are pushed to the reversing turntable 24 by the second pushing mechanism 25, the bricks are close to each other in the other direction until the bricks are completely pushed to the central position of the material arranging plate, then the reversing turntable 24 is driven by the reversing motor to rotate 90 degrees, then the bricks are pushed to the material receiving plate 26 by the third pushing mechanism 27, the bricks are further arranged in the pushing process, and finally the bricks can be transferred to a station for stacking through the transferring conveying line, so that the bricks can be conveniently stacked.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the pallet feeding mechanism 3 includes: the storage rack 31 is provided with an opening at one side of the storage rack 31, and a feeding conveying line 311 for conveying the pallet is arranged at the bottom of the storage rack 31; and a supporting and discharging mechanism 32 supported on the storage rack 31 for placing the stacked pallets one by one on the feeding conveyor line 311.
The symmetry of bearing drop feed mechanism 32 is provided with two sets ofly, and bearing drop feed mechanism 32 includes: the rotary type is assembled in the bearing axle 321 of storage rack 31, at least two die-pins 322 that are fixed in bearing axle 321 and be used for driving bearing axle 321 reciprocating rotation's blowing drive assembly 323, and when the pallet that piles up was located material loading transfer chain 311, die-pin 322 can break away from the pallet that is located the below and rotate to second piece pallet bottom, and blowing drive assembly 323 includes: the emptying driving cylinder 3231 hinged to the material storage frame 31 and the connecting rod 3232 are fixed at the bearing shaft 321 at one end and hinged at the other end of the piston rod of the emptying driving cylinder 3231, the emptying driving cylinder 3231 can push the connecting rod 3232 to rotate when stretching, so that the bearing shaft 321 is driven to rotate, the emptying of the pallet is supported, and the material supporting plate 3221 is fixed at the end part of the supporting rod 322, so that the supporting area is increased, and the supporting stability is improved.
Further, the both sides that lie in material loading transfer chain 311 on the storage frame 31 are equipped with the arc and lead positive board 312 to can conveniently place the pallet and make the position that the pallet placed more accurate, simultaneously, one side is equipped with support rib 313 in storage frame 31, is equipped with the leading positive floor 314 that the slope set up with the relative one side of support rib 313, uses through support rib 313 and the cooperation of leading positive floor 314, can carry on spacingly to the pallet, and further the position that makes the pallet put is more accurate.
The during operation, place a plurality of pallets that pile up on storage rack 31 through fork truck, through the bearing drop feed mechanism 32 bearing, make the pallet and the separation of second piece pallet of below, material loading transfer chain 311 can carry the pallet forward of below this moment, carry the completion back, blowing drive assembly 323 redriven bearing axle 321 rotates downwards, place remaining pallet again on material loading transfer chain 311, redriven bearing axle 321 gyration afterwards, tray rod 322 inserts the pallet upwards lifting more than the second piece bottom of second piece once more, with the pallet separation of below, thereby realized carrying the pallet forward purpose one by one.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the stacker mechanism 4 includes: the stacking frame 41 is in butt joint with the shifting conveying line 261, and a lifting code supporting mechanism 42 for supporting the pallet and the bricks is arranged on the stacking frame 41; the blocking component 43 is arranged on one side, close to the shifting conveying line 261, of the stacking rack 41 and is lifted to move so that brick blocks move along with the material receiving plate 26 when the material receiving plate 26 is drawn away; clamping and arranging assemblies 44 arranged on the pallet 41 at both sides in the width direction of the shift conveyor line 261 for clamping both sides of the brick relatively; and the pressing leveling assembly 45 is arranged on one side of the pallet frame 41 opposite to the blocking assembly 43 and is used for abutting against the outer side face of the brick.
The lifting and stacking mechanism 42 includes: the material receiving plate 26 can be driven by a shifting conveying line 261 to move to a position right above the pallet table 421, and the servo lifting assembly 422 is selected from the following structures to be suitable alone or in combination: in the embodiment, the servo lifting assembly 422 is a chain transmission assembly, which is driven by a servo motor to move up and down, and the servo driving assembly 1313 drives the stacking table 421 to move up and down, so as to adjust the height of the bricks according to the height of the stacked bricks.
The barrier assembly 43 includes: be fixed in the baffle cylinder 431 that separates of hacking frame 41 and be fixed in the baffle 432 that separates of the piston rod that separates baffle cylinder 431, through separating the drive of baffle cylinder 431 and separating baffle 432 and descend, can restrict the fragment of brick and move backward, simultaneously, still be equipped with on separating baffle 432 and support and push away subassembly 46, support and push away subassembly 46 and include: the brick stacking machine comprises a transmission wheel set 461 rotatably assembled on one side of the baffle 432 close to the shift conveying line 261, a pushing screw 462 positioned on the other side of the baffle 432 and fixed on a rotating shaft of the transmission wheel set 461, a pushing seat 463 slidably assembled on the baffle 432 and in threaded connection with the pushing screw 462, and a pushing plate 464232 fixed on the pushing seat 463, wherein after the baffle 432 descends to be attached to the stacking table 421, the chain transmission wheel set 461 rotates to drive the pushing screw 462 to rotate so that the pushing seat 463 moves forwards, and bricks can be further compacted and tidily by the pushing plate 464232.
The clamping arrangement 44 includes: the clamping plates 441 are slidably assembled on the two sides of the stacking frame 41 and the double-head cylinder 442 is fixed on the stacking frame 41, the clamping plates 441 are connected with piston rods of the double-head cylinder 442, a sliding rod is arranged on the stacking frame 41, a sliding sleeve matched with the sliding rod is arranged on each clamping plate 441, accordingly, the clamping plates 441 are connected in a sliding mode, the double-head cylinder 442 drives the clamping plates 441 on the two sides to synchronously move, and therefore the two sides of a brick can be clamped and stacked together.
The compression leveling assembly 45 includes: a mounting shaft 451 rotatably assembled to the pallet frame 41, a return elastic member 452 fixed to the mounting shaft 451 at one end and connected to the pallet frame 41 at the other end, a pressing plate 453 fixed to the mounting shaft 451, a driving sprocket 454 fixed to an end of the mounting seat, a leveling driving cylinder 455 fixed to the pallet frame 41, and a driving chain 456 fixed to the driving sprocket 454 at one end and a piston rod of the leveling driving cylinder 455 at the other end, and engaged with the driving sprocket 454; the elastic return element 452 may be a torsion spring or a clockwork spring, and when the elastic return element 452 is in a natural state, the pressing plate 453 is folded at one side of the pallet 41; in an initial state, the stacking driving cylinder 455 is in an extended state, the pressing plate 453 is folded at one side of the stacking frame 41 under the action of the resetting elastic piece 452, when a brick moves into the stacking frame 41, the stacking driving cylinder 455 retracts and pulls the driving chain 456, and the driving chain 456 pulls the driving chain wheel 454 to rotate, so that the pressing plate 453 is pressed against the outer side surface of the brick, and the pressing and stacking of the brick are realized.
After the bricks are conveyed to the material receiving plate 26, the material receiving plate 26 is driven by the shifting conveying line 261 to move to the position right above the lifting code supporting mechanism 42, then the blocking component 43 descends to be attached to the material receiving plate 26, the clamping arrangement component 44 clamps two sides of the bricks relatively, the pressing code leveling component 45 supports the outer side faces of the bricks tightly, the lifting code supporting mechanism 42 ascends to the position where the uppermost layer of the bricks is attached to the lower surface of the material receiving plate 26, then the shifting conveying line 261 drives the material receiving plate 26 to reset, in the process of resetting the material receiving plate 26, the bricks are stopped in situ under the blocking effect of the blocking component 43 and naturally stacked on a pallet or the bricks below under the action of gravity, and due to the fact that the thickness of the material receiving plate 26 is small, the bricks cannot be disordered in the falling process, and the stacking of the bricks can be continuously performed by repeating the processes.
As shown in fig. 9 to 12, the pallet release mechanism 5 includes: a separating line 51 connected to the second line 12 for transferring the pallets separated from the bricks; a receiving pile unit 52 abutting on the separation conveyance line 51; and a receiving conveyor line 53 for placing pallets.
The receiving pile assembly 52 includes: the setting is at the accepting frame 521 of separation transfer chain 51 discharge end department, two sets of symmetries set up in the lift drive belt 522 of accepting the frame 521 both sides, be fixed in the articulated seat 523 of lift drive belt 522, articulate in articulated seat 523 and can be in the power drive mechanism 525 of predetermineeing the angle within range internal rotation of accepting the board 524, and be used for driving lift drive belt 522 operation, and accept the board 524 and can receive the layer board conflict of below and upwards rotate in order to break away from the layer board, receive the bottom of material transfer chain 53 setting at accepting the frame 521, thereby can directly place the layer board on receiving the material transfer chain 53 when accepting the board 524 to descend.
Separation transfer chain 51 all adopts the chain transfer chain with receiving transfer chain 53, lift drive belt 522 is belt conveyor or chain transfer belt, lift drive belt 522 adopts the chain transfer belt in this embodiment, and accept every side of frame 521 and all be equipped with two sets of lift drive belt 522, corresponding articulated seat 523 also is provided with two sets ofly, set up first fixture block 526 on accepting board 524, be equipped with second fixture block 527 on articulated seat 523, accept board 524 and rotate when the horizontality, first fixture block 526 offsets with second fixture block 527, restrict first fixture block 526 through second fixture block 527 and rotate, the realization is to accepting the restriction of board 524.
The power drive mechanism 525 includes: the linkage assembly 5251 is connected to the lifting belts 522 located at both sides, and the servo driving motor 5252, the linkage assembly 5251 may be a belt or chain transmission structure, and the synchronous movement of the lifting belts 522 at both sides is realized through the linkage assembly 5251, so that the movement stability of the bearing plate 524 is improved.
Further, one side of keeping away from separation transfer chain 51 in accepting frame 521 upper end is equipped with mounting panel 54, be equipped with limit stop 541 on mounting panel 54, limit stop 541 corresponds with the position of accepting the board 524 stasis, be fixed with installation guide arm 542 on mounting panel 54, limit stop 541 sliding connection is in installation guide arm 542, the cover is equipped with one end and contradicts in mounting panel 54 on the installation guide arm 542, and the other end contradicts in limit stop 541's elastic damping piece, block the location through limit stop 541 to the layer board, prevent that the layer board from moving the position, can make the more neat that the layer board pile simultaneously, and elastic damping piece can cushion the layer board, reduce the damage that the layer board caused because of rigid contact.
Meanwhile, a cleaning brush 511 stretching across the separation conveying line 51 is further arranged on the rack 21, the cleaning brush 511 is attached to the surface of the supporting plate, the surface of the supporting plate is brushed when the supporting plate is output, the cleanliness of the supporting plate is improved, and the phenomenon that stacking is affected due to sundries left on the surface of the supporting plate is avoided.
Bricks are separated from the supporting plate and then are continuously conveyed forwards by the separation conveying line 51, the bearing plate 524 is positioned at the position butted with the discharge end of the separation conveying line 51 in an initial state, when the supporting plate is output from the separation conveying line 51 and then falls on the bearing plate 524, then the power driving mechanism 525 drives the lifting driving belt 522 to move to drive the bearing plate 524 to descend until the supporting plate is placed on the material receiving conveying line 53 or stacked on the supporting plate below, when the lifting driving belt 522 continuously moves, the bearing plate 524 is abutted by the supporting plate below to rotate upwards so as to be separated from the supporting plate above, and the side surface attached to the stacked supporting plate below continuously descends until the supporting plate is moved to be butted with the separation conveying line 51 again, so that the continuous collection of the supporting plate is realized, the continuous operation of the bricks is convenient, and finally, when the supporting plate is stacked to a certain height, the material receiving conveying line 53 can be moved out, and performing continuous recycling.
The working process is that, carry the maintenance unit by material loading transfer mechanism 1, provide the pallet by pallet feeding mechanism 3 to pile up neatly mechanism 4, lifting bracket mechanism 42 is located the lowest position under the initial condition, make the pallet can be directly transferred to lifting bracket mechanism 42 on, when the maintenance unit is transferred to reason material mechanism 2 and is handled, arrange the fragment of brick by reason material mechanism 2, make the fragment of brick can neatly inseparable range, the fragment of brick is transferred to lifting bracket mechanism 42 afterwards, keep off subassembly 43 decline afterwards, centre gripping range module 44 presss from both sides the fragment of brick both sides tightly relatively, compress tightly the lateral surface of fragment of brick and support tight, lifting bracket mechanism 42 rises to the superiors fragment of brick and reason material mechanism 2 and dock mutually, thereby realize spacing and the fragment of brick to the upmost advanced, improve pile up neatly efficiency.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (10)

1. A brick stacking system, comprising:
the feeding and transferring mechanism is used for conveying the maintenance unit, and the maintenance unit comprises a supporting plate and a layer of bricks laid on the supporting plate;
the material arranging mechanism is used for pushing the bricks away from the supporting plate to arrange the bricks in an arranging manner;
the stacking mechanism is butted with the material arranging mechanism and is used for stacking the arranged bricks;
the supporting plate separating mechanism is butted with the feeding and transferring mechanism and is used for stacking and arranging the supporting plates; and the number of the first and second groups,
the pallet feeding mechanism is butted with the stacking mechanism and is used for conveying pallets to the stacking mechanism;
wherein, the pile up neatly mechanism includes:
the stacking frame is butted with the discharge end of the material arranging mechanism;
the lifting code supporting mechanism is borne on the stacking frame and used for supporting the pallet and the bricks;
the blocking component is arranged on one side of the stacking frame, close to the material arranging mechanism, and is lifted to limit the movement of the bricks;
the clamping arrangement components are arranged on the two sides of the stacking rack along the brick transferring direction and used for oppositely clamping the two sides of the brick; and the number of the first and second groups,
the pressing and leveling component is arranged on one side of the stacking rack opposite to the blocking component and used for pressing the outer side face of the brick.
2. The brick palletizing system according to claim 1, wherein the loading transfer mechanism comprises:
a first conveying line for conveying a plurality of stacked curing units;
the second conveying line is used for conveying the maintenance units forward one by one, and is higher than the first conveying line;
a clamping and shifting mechanism for transferring the maintenance units one by one from the first conveying line to the second conveying line, the clamping and shifting mechanism comprising: the maintenance unit lifting device comprises a walking truss, a clamping and supporting assembly and a displacement driving assembly, wherein the walking truss stretches across the first conveying line and moves in a reciprocating mode, the clamping and supporting assembly is assembled on two sides of the walking truss in a sliding mode along the vertical direction and used for clamping the clamping and supporting assembly into the bottom of a supporting plate located on the uppermost layer, and the displacement driving assembly is used for driving the clamping and supporting assembly to move in a reciprocating mode so as to lift the maintenance unit located on the uppermost layer to the second conveying line;
the walking truss comprises: the support body, set up and be in the walking gyro wheel of support body bottom and be used for the drive walking gyro wheel reciprocating rotation's servo drive subassembly, servo drive subassembly selects alone or the combination is suitable for from following structure: a gear drive, a belt drive, or a sprocket drive.
3. The brick palletizing system according to claim 2, wherein the catch assembly comprises: the lifting seat is assembled on the frame body in a sliding mode, the clamping cylinder is fixed on the lifting seat, and the clamping plate is fixed on a piston rod of the clamping cylinder; the displacement drive assembly includes: the rotary type assemble in the synchronizing shaft of support body, with sprocket assembly that the synchronizing shaft is connected and be used for the drive synchronizing shaft pivoted aversion driving motor, sprocket assembly with the lift seat is connected.
4. A brick stacking system as claimed in claim 2 or 3, wherein the organiser comprises:
the second conveying line is fixed on the rack;
the material arranging plate is arranged on one side of the second conveying line, and a first pushing mechanism used for pushing bricks from the supporting plate to the material arranging plate is arranged on the other side of the second conveying line;
the reversing turntable is arranged on one side of the material arranging plate, a reversing motor for driving the reversing turntable to rotate is arranged on the rack, and a second pushing mechanism for pushing bricks from the material arranging plate to the reversing turntable is arranged on the other side of the material arranging plate; and the number of the first and second groups,
the material receiving plate is arranged on one side, away from the second conveying line, of the reversing rotary table, a third pushing mechanism used for pushing bricks to the material receiving plate from the reversing rotary table is arranged on the other side of the reversing rotary table, and the material receiving plate is connected with a shifting conveying line.
5. The brick palletizing system according to claim 4, wherein the first pushing mechanism, the second pushing mechanism and the third pushing mechanism each comprise: the pushing device comprises a pushing frame capable of moving in a reciprocating manner, a pushing plate assembled on the pushing frame in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, and a pushing cylinder for driving the pushing plate to move in a reciprocating manner;
the rack is provided with a walking rack arranged along the moving direction of the pushing frame, the pushing frame is provided with a walking driving shaft in a rotating connection mode, two ends of the walking driving shaft are fixedly provided with walking gears meshed with the walking rack, and the pushing frame is further provided with a walking driving motor used for driving the walking driving shaft to rotate in a reciprocating mode;
still be equipped with in the frame with the corresponding propelling movement guide assembly of first propelling movement mechanism, propelling movement guide assembly includes: the material sorting device comprises a guide cylinder and a guide rib plate fixed on a piston rod of the guide cylinder, wherein the guide rib plate can move from one side of the material sorting plate to the other side of the material sorting plate.
6. The brick stacking system of claim 5, wherein the pallet feeding mechanism comprises:
the storage rack is provided with an opening at one side, a feeding conveying line for conveying the pallet is arranged at the bottom of the storage rack, and the feeding conveying line is butted with the lifting support mechanism; and the number of the first and second groups,
bear in the storage frame be used for with the pallet that piles up place one by one in the bearing drop feed mechanism of material loading transfer chain, bearing drop feed mechanism symmetry is provided with two sets ofly, bearing drop feed mechanism includes: the rotary type is assembled on a bearing shaft of the storage rack, at least two support rods fixed on the bearing shaft and a discharging driving assembly used for driving the bearing shaft to rotate in a reciprocating mode, and when stacked pallets are located on the feeding conveying line, the support rods can be separated from the pallet located at the lowest position and rotate to the bottom of the second pallet;
the blowing drive assembly includes: the material storage rack comprises a material discharging driving cylinder hinged to the material storage rack and a connecting rod, one end of the connecting rod is fixed on the bearing shaft, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged to a piston rod of the material discharging driving cylinder.
7. A brick stacking system as claimed in claim 2 or 3, wherein the carrier disengagement mechanism comprises:
the separation conveying line is butted with the second conveying line and is used for conveying the supporting plate separated from the bricks;
and a receiving pile assembly butted with the separation conveying line, wherein the receiving pile assembly comprises: the device comprises a bearing frame arranged at the discharge end of the separation conveying line, two groups of lifting transmission belts symmetrically arranged on two sides of the bearing frame, a hinge seat fixed on the lifting transmission belts, a bearing plate hinged to the hinge seat and capable of rotating within a preset angle range, and a power driving mechanism used for driving the lifting transmission belts to operate, wherein the bearing plate can be abutted by a supporting plate positioned below to rotate upwards so as to be separated from the supporting plate; and the number of the first and second groups,
the receiving conveying line is arranged at the bottom of the bearing frame and used for placing the supporting plate.
8. The brick stacking system according to claim 7, wherein a first clamping block is arranged on the bearing plate, a second clamping block is arranged on the hinge seat, and when the bearing plate rotates to a horizontal state, the first clamping block is abutted against the second clamping block;
a mounting plate is arranged on one side, away from the separation conveying line, of the upper end of the bearing frame, a limit stop is arranged on the mounting plate, and the limit stop corresponds to the stagnation position of the bearing plate;
be fixed with the installation guide arm on the mounting panel, limit stop sliding connection in the installation guide arm, the cover is equipped with one end contradict on the installation guide arm the mounting panel, and the other end contradict in limit stop's elastic damping member.
9. The brick stacking system of claim 5, wherein the lift palletizing mechanism interfaces with a discharge end of the shift conveyor line, the lift palletizing mechanism comprising: the material receiving plate can be moved to the position right above the stacking table by the shifting conveying line driving rod, and the servo lifting assembly is selected from the following structures to be applicable singly or in combination: a chain drive assembly or a lead screw drive assembly.
10. The brick palletizing system according to claim 9, wherein the barrier assembly comprises: the separation baffle is fixed on a piston rod of the separation air cylinder;
still be equipped with on the baffle and support and push away the subassembly, it includes to support to push away the subassembly: the pushing device comprises a transmission wheel set, a pushing screw, a pushing seat and a pushing plate, wherein the transmission wheel set is rotatably assembled on one side, close to the shifting conveying line, of the partition plate, the pushing screw is positioned on the other side of the partition plate and fixed to a rotating shaft of the transmission wheel set, the pushing seat is slidably assembled on the partition plate and in threaded connection with the pushing screw, and the pushing plate is fixed to the pushing seat;
the clamping arrangement assembly comprises: the clamping plates are assembled on two sides of the stacking frame in a sliding mode, the double-head cylinder is fixed on the stacking frame, and the clamping plates are connected with a piston rod of the double-head cylinder;
the compact leveling assembly comprises: the stacking mechanism comprises a mounting shaft, a reset elastic piece, a pressing plate, a driving chain wheel, a stacking driving cylinder and a driving chain, wherein the mounting shaft is rotatably assembled on the stacking frame, the reset elastic piece is fixed at one end of the mounting shaft and is connected to the stacking frame at the other end of the mounting shaft, the pressing plate is fixed on the mounting shaft, the driving chain wheel is fixed at the end part of a mounting seat, the stacking driving cylinder is fixed on the stacking frame, one end of the driving chain wheel is fixed on the driving chain wheel, the other end of the driving chain wheel is fixed on a piston rod of the stacking driving cylinder, and the driving chain is meshed with the driving chain wheel; when the reset elastic piece is in a natural state, the pressing plate is folded on one side of the stacking frame.
CN202022480471.0U 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 Brick stacking system Active CN214569163U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022480471.0U CN214569163U (en) 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 Brick stacking system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022480471.0U CN214569163U (en) 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 Brick stacking system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214569163U true CN214569163U (en) 2021-11-02

Family

ID=78314102

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022480471.0U Active CN214569163U (en) 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 Brick stacking system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214569163U (en)

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