CN214518159U - Cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system - Google Patents

Cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214518159U
CN214518159U CN202120351236.5U CN202120351236U CN214518159U CN 214518159 U CN214518159 U CN 214518159U CN 202120351236 U CN202120351236 U CN 202120351236U CN 214518159 U CN214518159 U CN 214518159U
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China
Prior art keywords
unstacking
welding
grabbing
feeding mechanism
fan blade
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Active
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CN202120351236.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高文铭
焦德峰
张燕青
徐斌
符文科
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Ningbo Langdi Impeller Machinery Co Ltd
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Ningbo Langdi Impeller Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202120351236.5U priority Critical patent/CN214518159U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a through-flow fan blade field, in particular to a through-flow fan blade forming welding system; the device comprises a destacking and feeding mechanism, at least one delivery mechanism, at least one first grabbing mechanism and at least two welding and forming machines; the head end of the delivery mechanism is located on the unstacking feeding mechanism, the two welding forming machines are located on two sides of the tail end of the delivery mechanism respectively, the unstacking feeding mechanism is used for transporting batched reel disks, and the delivery mechanism sequentially and orderly sends the reel disks to corresponding reel disk to-be-taken stations; the first grabbing mechanism is arranged at the tail end close to the delivery mechanism, and a grabbing part of the first grabbing mechanism moves between the shaft disc to-be-taken station and the welding forming machine to grab the shaft disc placed on the shaft disc to-be-taken station and place the shaft disc into the welding forming machine for welding treatment; the work efficiency is improved.

Description

Cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a through-flow fan blade field, concretely relates to through-flow fan blade shaping welding system.
Background
The cross-flow fan blade is formed by ultrasonically welding a rubber shaft disc, a multi-section middle-section wheel shaft disc and a steel shaft disc. The existing through-flow fan blade ultrasonic welding forming machine mainly comprises a machine frame, an ultrasonic generator, an ultrasonic welding assembly and a clamp assembly, wherein the clamp assembly comprises two fixed clamps at the inner side and two movable clamps at the outer side, a middle section is placed on a supporting table between the fixed clamps and the movable clamps, the specific principle and structure of ultrasonic welding can refer to patent documents previously applied by an applicant, the patent name of the through-flow fan blade ultrasonic welding forming machine is CN201420842347.6, and the through-flow fan blade ultrasonic welding forming machine comprises the machine frame, the ultrasonic generator, a PLC (programmable logic controller), the ultrasonic welding assembly and the clamp assembly, wherein the ultrasonic welding assembly and the clamp assembly are arranged on the machine frame; the rack comprises an upper plate, a lower plate, a plurality of stand columns, a plurality of guide positioning rods and a side plate; the ultrasonic welding assembly comprises an ultrasonic base, an ultrasonic welder, a movable welding head and a welding monitor; the PLC controller is respectively connected with the movable welding head, the ultrasonic welding device and the electronic ruler. The through-flow fan blade ultrasonic welding forming machine has the advantages that the structure is novel, and the ultrasonic welding precision of a through-flow fan blade product can be greatly improved; however, in the current application process, various shaft discs are often conveyed by manpower and placed in an ultrasonic welding machine for welding, and an automatic through-flow fan blade welding preparation production line for feeding, transferring, discharging, welding and taking out finished products is not formed, so that the production efficiency is extremely low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a through-flow fan blade shaping welding system that can high-efficient welding preparation.
In order to achieve the above object, the main technical solution of the present invention is a through-flow fan blade forming and welding system, comprising a destacking and feeding mechanism, at least one delivering mechanism, at least one first grabbing mechanism and at least two welding and forming machines; the head end of the delivery mechanism is located on the unstacking feeding mechanism, the two welding forming machines are located on two sides of the tail end of the delivery mechanism respectively, the unstacking feeding mechanism is used for transporting batched reel disks, and the delivery mechanism sequentially and orderly sends the reel disks to corresponding reel disk to-be-taken stations; the first grabbing mechanism is arranged at the tail end close to the delivery mechanism, and a grabbing part of the first grabbing mechanism moves between the shaft disc to-be-taken station and the welding forming machine, grabs the shaft disc placed on the shaft disc to-be-taken station and places the shaft disc into the welding forming machine for welding.
In some examples, the welding forming machine comprises two delivery mechanisms and two first grabbing mechanisms, the tail end of each delivery mechanism corresponds to three different shaft disc to-be-taken stations, and shaft discs on the three different shaft disc to-be-taken stations are grabbed by the corresponding first grabbing mechanism and placed in the welding forming machine on the adjacent side edges for welding forming.
In some examples, a second grabbing mechanism is arranged between the unstacking feeding mechanism and the delivery mechanism, the second grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the shaft discs of the unstacking feeding mechanism and placing the shaft discs to the delivery mechanism for transportation, and the second grabbing mechanism at least grabs one shaft disc of the same type or a plurality of shaft discs of different types or a plurality of shaft discs of the same type at a time.
In some examples, the unstacking feeding mechanism comprises a first unstacking feeding mechanism for transporting a steel shaft disc, a second unstacking feeding mechanism for transporting a rubber shaft disc and a third unstacking feeding mechanism for transporting a middle-section wheel shaft disc; first feed mechanism, the second feed mechanism and the third feed mechanism that destacks of destacking are parallel to each other and arrange, and its discharge end all is located delivery mechanism's head end.
In some examples, one of the first unstacking and feeding mechanism, the second unstacking and feeding mechanism and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism comprises at least two longitudinal conveying assemblies and one transverse conveying assembly, the two longitudinal conveying assemblies are arranged in parallel and opposite to each other in conveying direction, and the longitudinal conveying assemblies are used for conveying material baskets of the loading shaft disc; the transverse conveying assemblies are arranged at the ends of the two longitudinal conveying assemblies and are used for changing the conveying direction of the material basket and displacing the material basket from one longitudinal conveying assembly to the other longitudinal conveying assembly.
In some examples, the cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system further includes two third grabbing mechanisms, one third grabbing mechanism is disposed adjacent to each welding and forming machine, and the third grabbing mechanisms are used for grabbing the cross-flow fan blade after welding and forming, and placing the cross-flow fan blade into a storage basket for storage and packaging.
In some examples, the cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system further comprises a detection mechanism, wherein the detection mechanism is arranged at an adjacent position of the welding forming machine and used for detecting whether the cross-flow fan blade formed by welding is a qualified product; the detection mechanism and the third grabbing mechanism are both in signal connection with the same controller.
In some examples, the first unstacking and feeding mechanism, the second unstacking and feeding mechanism and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism are all identical in structure.
In some examples, the first and third grasping mechanisms are both three-axis manipulators, and the second grasping mechanism is a four-axis manipulator; the welding forming machine is an ultrasonic welding machine.
In some examples, the delivery mechanism is a belt conveyor wheel, the delivery mechanism having only one conveying path; the shaft disc waiting-taking station comprises a steel shaft disc waiting-taking station, a rubber shaft disc waiting-taking station and a middle-section wheel shaft disc waiting-taking station.
The utility model discloses owing to adopted above technical scheme to realize following effect:
a through-flow fan blade forming and welding system with high automation degree is designed, and the processes from feeding to welding, preparation and forming, and then taking out and storing finished products are not required to be carried by manpower, so that the production efficiency is greatly improved, and the operation is convenient and fast; secondly, add two ultrasonic welding machines, can form two preparation lines, further promote work efficiency.
Drawings
Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of the present invention,
figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the de-stacking and feeding system of the embodiment of figure 1,
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a cross-flow fan blade formed by grabbing and preparing in the embodiment of FIG. 1,
figure 4 is a schematic structural view of the ready-to-pick station and ultrasonic welder of the embodiment of figure 1,
figure 5 is a schematic view of the de-stacking and feeding mechanism of the embodiment of figure 1,
figure 6 is a schematic diagram of the construction of the unstacking assembly of the embodiment of figure 1,
figure 7 is a schematic diagram of the structure of a three-jaw cylinder of the embodiment of figure 1,
figure 8 is a schematic view of another three-jaw cylinder of the embodiment of figure 1,
in the figure: the device comprises a first unstacking feeding mechanism 1, a third unstacking feeding mechanism 2, a second unstacking feeding mechanism 3, a delivery mechanism 4, a welding forming machine 5, a first grabbing mechanism 6, a steel shaft disc waiting-taking station 7, a middle joint shaft disc waiting-taking station 8, a rubber shaft disc waiting-taking station 9, a detection mechanism 10, a unstacking assembly 11, a clamping frame 111, a lifting cylinder 112, a clamp 113, a clamping cylinder 114, a preparation path section 12, a conveying path section 13, a third grabbing mechanism 14, a second grabbing mechanism 15, a material basket 16, a storage basket 17, a longitudinal conveying assembly 18, a transverse conveying assembly 19, a longitudinal guide 191, a transverse guide 192, a three-jaw cylinder 20 and a middle joint shaft disc 21.
Detailed Description
The following description is presented to disclose the invention so as to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the invention. The preferred embodiments in the following description are given by way of example only, and other obvious variations will occur to those skilled in the art. The basic principles of the invention, as defined in the following description, may be applied to other embodiments, variations, modifications, equivalents and other technical solutions without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that in the present disclosure, the terms "longitudinal," "lateral," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation, as the terms are used in the description to indicate that the referenced device or element must have the specified orientation, be constructed and operated in the specified orientation, and not for the purpose of limitation.
It is to be understood that the terms "a" and "an" are to be interpreted as meaning that a number of one element may be one in one embodiment or multiple in another embodiment, and the terms "a" and "an" are not to be interpreted as limiting the number.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1 to 8 of the drawings of the present application, a through-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated, which includes a destacking and feeding mechanism, at least one delivering mechanism 4, at least one first grabbing mechanism 6, and at least two welding and forming machines 5; the head end of the delivery mechanism 4 is positioned on the unstacking and feeding mechanism, the two welding and forming machines 5 are respectively positioned on two sides of the tail end of the delivery mechanism 4, the unstacking and feeding mechanism is used for transporting batches of reel disks, and the delivery mechanism 4 sequentially and orderly sends the reel disks to corresponding reel disk to-be-taken stations; the first grabbing mechanism 6 is arranged at the tail end close to the delivery mechanism 4, a grabbing part of the first grabbing mechanism 6 moves between the shaft disc to-be-taken station and the welding forming machine 5, and grabs the shaft disc placed on the shaft disc to-be-taken station and places the shaft disc into the welding forming machine 5 for welding treatment; the innovation point described in the embodiment is mainly that two welding forming machines 5 are additionally arranged, and then the two welding forming machines 5 can perform welding work simultaneously so as to improve the work efficiency of manufacturing the through-flow fan blade; the welding forming machine 5 is an ultrasonic welding machine, the ultrasonic welding machine is the prior art, the working principle and the specific structure of the ultrasonic welding machine can refer to the patent document previously applied by the applicant, the patent name is the through-flow fan blade ultrasonic welding forming machine 5, and the patent application number is CN201420842347.6, the patent document completely explains how to weld and form a complete through-flow fan blade by a rubber shaft disc, a steel shaft disc and a middle section shaft disc in an ultrasonic welding mode, and therefore redundant description is not repeated in the embodiment; the unstacking and feeding mechanism is used for transporting a plurality of material baskets 16 loaded with different types of shaft discs; the delivery mechanism 4 is used for conveying different types of shaft discs; the first grabbing mechanism 6 sequentially puts a steel shaft disc, a plurality of middle joint shaft discs and a rubber shaft disc into the welding forming machine 5 from the delivery mechanism 4 according to the arrangement structure of the cross-flow fan blades, and ultrasonic welding is needed once when one middle joint shaft disc is put; under the technical scheme, the first grabbing mechanism 6 respectively corresponds to the two welding forming machines 5, and when one welding forming machine 5 is subjected to welding treatment, the first grabbing mechanism 6 can place a steel shaft disc or a middle-section shaft disc or a rubber shaft disc into the other welding forming machine 5 so as to improve the production efficiency of the welding forming machines; in addition, various shaft discs can be placed on the delivery mechanism 4 from a material basket 16 on the unstacking and feeding mechanism in a manual grabbing mode between the unstacking and feeding mechanism and the delivery mechanism 4, and the welded and molded through-flow fan blade can be taken out from the ultrasonic welding machine in a manual mode, and whether the product is qualified or not is observed; the delivery mechanism 4 comprises a belt conveyor.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the through-flow fan blade forming and welding system includes a unstacking and feeding mechanism, two delivery mechanisms 4, two first grabbing mechanisms 6, and two welding and forming machines 5; the tail end of each delivery mechanism 4 corresponds to three different shaft disc to-be-taken stations, and shaft discs on the three different shaft disc to-be-taken stations are grabbed by one corresponding first grabbing mechanism 6 and placed in the welding forming machine 5 on the adjacent side edge for welding forming; the shaft disc to-be-taken station comprises a steel shaft disc to-be-taken station 7, a rubber shaft disc to-be-taken station 9 and a middle section shaft disc to-be-taken station 8, namely, after the delivery mechanism 4 conveys various shaft discs to the tail end, the shaft discs are orderly arranged according to the types of the shaft discs, so that the working efficiency of the shaft disc to-be-taken station is improved, and on the other hand, a grabbing mode can be set for the first grabbing mechanism 6, taking the middle section shaft disc as six through-flow fan blades as an example, the shaft disc to-be-taken station 7 is set to grab the shaft disc once, the middle section shaft disc to-be-taken station 8 grabs the shaft disc six times, and the rubber shaft disc to-be-taken station 9 grabs the shaft disc once; the first grabbing mechanism 6 is a four-shaft manipulator, the grabbing part of the four-shaft manipulator is a three-jaw cylinder 20, one three-jaw cylinder 20 is clamped in the inner ring of the middle-joint wheel shaft disc 21, three jaws extend towards three directions respectively to abut against the inner ring wall of the middle-joint wheel shaft disc 21 to grab, and the power of the other three-jaw cylinder 20 drives the jaws to rotate through the cylinders to grab the outer ring wall of the middle-joint wheel shaft disc 21; since the steel shaft disc and the rubber shaft disc have no inner ring, the structure of the three-jaw cylinder 20 of the first mode cannot be adopted, and the structure can only be implemented by adopting the mode of grabbing the outer ring wall in the second mode, in the embodiment, the grabbing parts of the first grabbing mechanism, the second grabbing mechanism and the third grabbing mechanism are implemented by adopting the three-jaw cylinder 20 for grabbing the outer ring wall, and the three-jaw cylinder has the advantages that the three-jaw cylinder can be suitable for grabbing the steel shaft disc or the rubber shaft disc or the middle-joint wheel shaft disc 21; under this technical scheme, two delivery mechanism 4 symmetry sets up, and two first mechanism 6 that snatch are also symmetry sets up, and a first mechanism 6 that snatchs steel reel or rubber reel or festival wheel hub 21 respectively to put in its close welding make-up machine 5, this scheme compares in a first mechanism 6 that snatchs and corresponds two welding make-up machines 5, further optimizes to and further promotes work efficiency.
The unstacking and feeding mechanism comprises a first unstacking and feeding mechanism 1 for conveying a steel shaft disc, a second unstacking and feeding mechanism 3 for conveying a rubber shaft disc and a third unstacking and feeding mechanism 2 for conveying a middle-section wheel disc 21; the first unstacking and feeding mechanism 1, the second unstacking and feeding mechanism 3 and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism 2 are arranged in parallel, and the discharge ends of the first unstacking and feeding mechanism, the second unstacking and feeding mechanism and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism are all positioned at the head end of the delivery mechanism 4; in this embodiment, the first unstacking and feeding mechanism 1, the second unstacking and feeding mechanism 3 and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism 2 are all the same in structure, one of the unstacking and feeding mechanisms comprises at least one longitudinal conveying assembly 18 and a unstacking assembly 11, the longitudinal conveying assembly 18 comprises a preparation path section 12 and a conveying path section 13, the unstacking assembly 11 is arranged on the preparation path section 12, a plurality of material baskets 16 are stacked on the preparation path section 12, and the unstacking assembly 11 can clamp the material basket 16 at the topmost layer to move to the conveying path section 13 of the longitudinal conveying assembly 18 or can lift part of the material baskets 16 so that the material basket 16 at the bottommost layer moves to the conveying path section 13; when the scheme of moving the topmost material basket 16 is adopted, the unstacking assembly 11 comprises a moving frame, a manipulator and a cylinder, wherein the moving frame is provided with a slide rail in the same direction with the conveying path, a lifting arm is erected on the slide rail, the manipulator is arranged at the bottom of the lifting arm and used for grabbing the topmost material basket 16, and the cylinder is used for driving the lifting arm to move between the conveying path and the preparation path; if the scheme of lifting the material basket 16 on the penultimate layer and above is adopted, the unstacking assembly 11 comprises a clamping frame 111 and a lifting cylinder 112, two ends of the clamping frame 111 are oppositely and respectively provided with a clamping cylinder 114, the output end of the clamping cylinder 114 is connected with a clamping plate, and the distance between the two opposite clamping plates is the clamping distance for clamping the material basket 16; simultaneously opening the clamping cylinders 114 at the two ends to adjust the clamping distance, wherein the clamping frame 111 is positioned below the preparation path section 12, and the output end of the lifting cylinder 112 is connected to the bottom of the clamping frame 111; the two-end clamp 113 clamps the material basket 16 on the penultimate layer, and lifts the material basket 16 on and above the penultimate layer through the lifting cylinder 112, so that the material basket 16 on the bottommost layer is ensured to be separated from the material basket 16 on the penultimate layer, and the material basket 16 on the bottommost layer can be pushed by manpower. In addition, in the embodiment, the unstacking and feeding mechanism comprises two longitudinal conveying assemblies 18 and a transverse conveying assembly 19, wherein the two longitudinal conveying assemblies 18 are arranged in parallel and opposite in conveying direction, the two longitudinal conveying assemblies 18 have different functions, and one longitudinal conveying assembly 18 is used for conveying material baskets 16 loaded with different types of shaft discs; the other longitudinal conveying assembly 18 is used for recovering empty material baskets 16 which are taken out of the shaft disc during conveying; the transverse conveying assembly 19 is arranged at the end part of the two longitudinal conveying assemblies 18 and is used for changing the conveying direction of the material basket 16 and displacing the material basket 16 from one longitudinal conveying assembly 18 to the other longitudinal conveying assembly 18, the longitudinal conveying assembly 18 comprises a belt conveyor for longitudinal conveying, the transverse conveying assembly 19 comprises a transverse conveying frame and a lane changing guide component, the lane changing guide component is arranged at the end part of the transverse conveying frame and is used for guiding and changing the moving direction of the material basket 16, the lane changing guide component can be a guide strip and the like, and when the belt conveyor for longitudinal conveying of the material basket 16 moves, the guide strip is collided to change the moving track of the material basket; the lane-changing guide component comprises a transverse guide 192 and a longitudinal guide 191, the transverse guide 192 is arranged at the end part of the transverse conveying rack, and the motion direction of the output end of the transverse guide 192 is consistent with the conveying direction of the transverse conveying rack; when the output end of lateral guide 192 is acting on basket 16 and guiding basket 16 from one longitudinal transfer assembly 18 to the lateral carriage; the longitudinal guide 191 is arranged on the side wall of the other end of the transverse conveying frame, and the motion direction of the output end is consistent with the conveying direction of the other longitudinal conveying assembly 18; when the output end of the longitudinal guide 191 acts on the material basket 16 and guides the material basket 16 from the transverse conveying rack to the longitudinal conveying assembly 18, under the technical scheme, the present embodiment can adopt two air cylinders to realize the lane changing effect, wherein the telescopic direction of one air cylinder is consistent with the conveying direction of the transverse conveying rack and is arranged at the end part of the transverse conveying rack, and when the belt conveyor for conveying the material basket 16 in the longitudinal direction moves, the air cylinder pushes the material basket 16 to enter the transverse conveying rack; the telescopic direction of the other air cylinder is consistent with the conveying direction of the other longitudinal conveying assembly 18, the air cylinder is arranged on the side wall of the other end of the transverse conveying rack, and when the material basket 16 moves on the transverse conveying rack, the material basket 16 is pushed by the air cylinder to enter the conveying path of the longitudinal conveying assembly 18 from the transverse conveying rack; furthermore, the unstacking feeding mechanism and the delivery mechanism 4 form a unstacking feeding system.
In order to facilitate the transportation of the shaft discs in the material basket 16 on the longitudinal conveying assembly 18 to the delivery mechanism 4, in this embodiment, a second grabbing mechanism 15 is arranged between the unstacking and feeding mechanism and the delivery mechanism 4, the second grabbing mechanism 15 is used for grabbing the shaft discs of the unstacking and feeding mechanism and placing the shaft discs to the delivery mechanism 4 for transportation, and the second grabbing mechanism 15 grabs at least one shaft disc of the same type or a plurality of shaft discs of different types or a plurality of shaft discs of the same type at a time; the second grabbing mechanism 15 is a three-axis manipulator, and the manipulator can grab one steel shaft disc or rubber shaft disc or medium-pitch wheel shaft disc 21 each time, and can grab six steel shaft discs or rubber shaft discs or medium-pitch wheel shaft discs 21 simultaneously; three steel shaft discs or rubber shaft discs or middle-section wheel shaft discs 21 and three other shaft discs of different types can be grabbed simultaneously; after being grabbed by the second grabbing mechanism 15, the material basket 16 originally fully loaded with the shaft disc becomes an empty material basket 16, and is moved to the preparation path section 12 of the other longitudinal conveying assembly 18 through the transverse conveying frame to be stacked again; because one through-flow fan blade is composed of one rubber shaft disc, one steel shaft disc and a plurality of middle shaft discs, the transportation amount and the transportation times of the middle shaft discs are larger than those of the other shaft discs, in order to improve the working efficiency of the fan blade, in the embodiment, the third unstacking feeding mechanism 2 is positioned between the first unstacking feeding mechanism 1 and the second unstacking feeding mechanism 3, the discharge end of the third unstacking feeding mechanism 2 is right opposite to the head end of the delivery mechanism 4, and the distance between the third unstacking feeding mechanism 2 and the delivery mechanism 4 is shorter than the distance between the first unstacking feeding mechanism 1 or the second unstacking feeding mechanism 3 and the delivery mechanism 4; in other words, the gripping speed of the third unstacking and feeding mechanism 2 is increased by shortening the distance between the third unstacking and feeding mechanism and the delivery mechanism 4.
In addition, in this embodiment, the cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system further includes two third grabbing mechanisms 14, one third grabbing mechanism 14 is disposed at an adjacent position of each welding and forming machine 5, and the third grabbing mechanisms 14 are used for grabbing the cross-flow fan blade after welding and forming, and placing the cross-flow fan blade into a storage basket 17 for storage and packaging; the third grabbing mechanism 14 is a three-axis manipulator, the article placing basket 17 is divided into an article placing basket 17 for placing qualified products and an article placing basket 17 for placing unqualified products, and after the through-flow impeller is taken out by the third grabbing mechanism 14, whether the through-flow impeller is qualified products can be observed manually, in this embodiment, the through-flow blade forming and welding system further comprises a detection mechanism 10, and the detection mechanism 10 is arranged at an adjacent position of the welding and forming machine 5 and used for detecting whether the through-flow blade formed by welding is qualified products; the detection mechanism 10 and the third grabbing mechanism 14 are both in signal connection with the same controller, the detection mechanism 10 is a camera, signals are transmitted to the controller when the cross-flow fan blade is observed to be qualified, and the controller is used for controlling the three-axis manipulator to place the cross-flow fan blade on a storage basket 17 of the qualified product; otherwise, the products are put into the storage basket 17 with unqualified products.
The through-flow fan blade forming and welding system specifically operates as follows:
step 1: the material baskets 16 with the steel or rubber or medium-pitch wheel hub 21 are stacked and correspondingly placed on the preparation path sections 12 of the longitudinal conveying assemblies 18 of the first unstacking and feeding mechanism 1, the second unstacking and feeding mechanism 3 and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism 2 respectively.
Step 2: the stacked baskets 16 are gripped or lifted by the de-stacking assembly 11 such that each basket 16 moves independently on the conveyor path section 13 of the longitudinal conveyor assembly 18.
And step 3: when the charging basket 16 moves to the discharging end of the longitudinal conveying assembly 18, the second grabbing mechanism 15 grabs a steel shaft disc or a rubber shaft disc or a middle-joint wheel shaft disc 21, and the steel shaft disc or the rubber shaft disc or the middle-joint wheel shaft disc is placed on the delivery mechanism 4 for orderly delivery; at the same time, the baskets 16 are empty and are moved by the lane-change guide into the cross-conveyor and finally onto the preparation path section 12 of the other longitudinal transfer assembly 18 for restacking.
And 4, step 4: the shaft discs placed on the delivery mechanism 4 are placed on corresponding shaft disc to-be-taken stations according to the types of the shaft discs; and the four-shaft mechanical arm is placed in an ultrasonic welding machine for welding treatment.
And 5: after the welding is finished, snatch through the third and snatch mechanism 14, the in-process of snatching, observe whether it is qualified product through the camera to place corresponding thing basket 17 of putting with this through-flow fan blade and preserve and accomodate.
In conclusion, the through-flow fan blade forming and welding system is used for automatic flow production and processing from feeding to putting into the storage basket 17 after production, the working efficiency is high, the production qualification rate of products is high, and the operation is convenient and rapid.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the embodiments of the present invention as described above and shown in the drawings are given by way of example only and are not limiting of the present invention.
The objects of the present invention have been fully and effectively accomplished. The functional and structural principles of the present invention have been shown and described in the embodiments without departing from the principles, embodiments of the present invention may have any deformation or modification.

Claims (10)

1. A through-flow fan blade forming and welding system is characterized by comprising a unstacking and feeding mechanism, at least one delivery mechanism (4), at least one first grabbing mechanism (6) and at least two welding and forming machines (5); the head end of the delivery mechanism (4) is located at an unstacking and feeding mechanism, the two welding and forming machines (5) are respectively located at two sides of the tail end of the delivery mechanism (4), the unstacking and feeding mechanism is used for transporting batched reel disks, and the delivery mechanism (4) sequentially and orderly sends the reel disks to corresponding reel disk to-be-taken stations; the first grabbing mechanism (6) is arranged at the tail end close to the delivery mechanism (4), a grabbing part of the first grabbing mechanism (6) moves between a shaft disc to-be-taken station and the welding forming machine (5) in the reciprocating mode, and the shaft disc placed on the shaft disc to-be-taken station is grabbed and placed into the welding forming machine (5) to be subjected to welding treatment.
2. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to claim 1, comprising two delivery mechanisms (4) and two first grabbing mechanisms (6), wherein the tail end of each delivery mechanism (4) corresponds to three different shaft disc to-be-taken stations, and shaft discs on the three different shaft disc to-be-taken stations are grabbed by the corresponding first grabbing mechanism (6) and placed in the welding forming machine (5) on the adjacent side edge for welding and forming.
3. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to claim 2, wherein a second grabbing mechanism (15) is arranged between the unstacking and feeding mechanism and the delivery mechanism (4), the second grabbing mechanism (15) is used for grabbing the reel of the unstacking and feeding mechanism and placing the reel to the delivery mechanism (4) for transportation, and the second grabbing mechanism (15) grabs at least one reel of the same type or a plurality of reels of different types at a time.
4. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system of claim 1, wherein the unstacking and feeding mechanism comprises a first unstacking and feeding mechanism (1) for conveying a steel shaft disc, a second unstacking and feeding mechanism (3) for conveying a rubber shaft disc and a third unstacking and feeding mechanism (2) for conveying a middle-section wheel shaft disc (21); the first unstacking and feeding mechanism (1), the second unstacking and feeding mechanism (3) and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism (2) are arranged in parallel, and the discharge ends of the first unstacking and feeding mechanism, the second unstacking and feeding mechanism and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism are located at the head end of the delivery mechanism (4).
5. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system of claim 4, wherein one of the first unstacking and feeding mechanism (1), the second unstacking and feeding mechanism (3) and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism (2) at least comprises two longitudinal conveying assemblies (18) and one transverse conveying assembly (19), the two longitudinal conveying assemblies (18) are arranged in parallel and in opposite conveying directions, and the longitudinal conveying assemblies (18) are used for conveying material baskets (16) of a loading shaft disc; the transverse conveying assemblies (19) are arranged at the ends of the two longitudinal conveying assemblies (18) and are used for changing the conveying direction of the material basket (16) and displacing the material basket (16) from one longitudinal conveying assembly (18) to the other longitudinal conveying assembly (18).
6. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to claim 3, further comprising two third grabbing mechanisms (14), wherein one third grabbing mechanism (14) is arranged at a position adjacent to each welding forming machine (5), and the third grabbing mechanisms (14) are used for grabbing the cross-flow fan blade after being welded and formed and placing the cross-flow fan blade into a storage basket (17) for storage and packaging.
7. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to claim 6, further comprising a detection mechanism (10), wherein the detection mechanism (10) is arranged at a position adjacent to the welding forming machine (5) and used for detecting whether the cross-flow fan blade formed by welding is a qualified product; the detection mechanism (10) and the third grabbing mechanism (14) are in signal connection with the same controller.
8. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to claim 5, wherein the first unstacking and feeding mechanism (1), the second unstacking and feeding mechanism (3) and the third unstacking and feeding mechanism (2) are identical in structure.
9. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to claim 6, wherein the first grabbing mechanism (6) and the third grabbing mechanism (14) are both three-axis manipulators, and the second grabbing mechanism (15) is a four-axis manipulator; the welding forming machine (5) is an ultrasonic welding machine.
10. The cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system according to claim 1, wherein the delivery mechanism (4) is a belt conveying wheel, and the delivery mechanism (4) has only one conveying path; the shaft disc to-be-taken station comprises a steel shaft disc to-be-taken station (7), a rubber shaft disc to-be-taken station (9) and a middle-section wheel shaft disc (21) to-be-taken station (8).
CN202120351236.5U 2021-02-08 2021-02-08 Cross-flow fan blade forming and welding system Active CN214518159U (en)

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