CN214462574U - Step type low-plasticity concrete formwork capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly - Google Patents

Step type low-plasticity concrete formwork capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214462574U
CN214462574U CN202023128209.6U CN202023128209U CN214462574U CN 214462574 U CN214462574 U CN 214462574U CN 202023128209 U CN202023128209 U CN 202023128209U CN 214462574 U CN214462574 U CN 214462574U
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China
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piece
tenon
mortise
panel
template
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CN202023128209.6U
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Inventor
水鹏周
路名军
仇玉生
雍浩
李楠
胥伟
刘吉文
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Sinohydro Corp Engineering Bureau 15 Co Ltd
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Sinohydro Corp Engineering Bureau 15 Co Ltd
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Abstract

A step type low-plasticity concrete template capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly is formed by connecting an upper template unit and a lower template unit, wherein each template unit is formed by connecting at least 2 groups of panel units through a support structure connecting piece and a mortise and tenon joint structure; the panel unit is as follows: the panels are arranged in the panel supporting structures, 2 groups of mortise and tenon structures are arranged on the opposite sides of the adjacent panel supporting structures, and the supporting structure connecting pieces are arranged in the mortise and tenon structures; the utility model has the advantages of save time limit for a project, operate to use simple and efficient, reduce construction cost, improve the efficiency of construction, construction safe and reliable, simple structure are ingenious, have enough to meet the need efficiently, use lastingly.

Description

Step type low-plasticity concrete formwork capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the step template, concretely relates to step type low plasticity concrete form that can assemble fast and tear open.
Background
Along with continuous innovation and continuous improvement of the construction technology in the building industry in recent years, the construction requirement is controlled to be higher and higher. Meanwhile, the requirements on construction speed and environmental protection are higher and higher, and the building auxiliary material which is energy-saving, efficient and convenient to use is also very important. In concrete construction engineering, the necessary template auxiliary materials are used, and the auxiliary materials meet the requirements of simplicity and convenience in operation, reasonable structure, energy conservation, environmental protection and the like.
The template is of various types and sizes and mainly comprises the following components according to the disassembly and assembly modes: assembling and disassembling type templates and fixed templates. The fixed template has the characteristics of small application range and difficult adjustment of construction size, and is not suitable for reuse. The detachable formwork is flexible to use but is complex to construct and install, and meanwhile, the connecting part is often a weak link of the appearance quality of concrete.
In low-plasticity concrete, a layered pouring continuous rising construction method is mostly adopted. Especially when involving some step type structures, use traditional template time-consuming and troublesome, installation and dismantlement consume a large amount of resources, and simultaneously time-consuming is long, often the template engineering can not keep up with the upper strata and play continuous casting speed. Meanwhile, the layer thickness is basically fixed in the low-plasticity concrete construction, but the traditional wood template and the shaped steel template are adopted, so that the template turnover is slow, the template consumption is large, and the construction cost is increased due to the long installation time. Meanwhile, the traditional wood formwork is poor in performance, so that the rolling equipment cannot reach the edge of the formwork, the rolling is insufficient, the quality potential exists, the weight of the steel formwork is large, purlins need to be connected in a horizontal and vertical mode, and the material consumption is large.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that overcome above-mentioned defect, provide a reasonable in design, with low costs, construction flexibility, easy operation's flat base formula can be assembled fast step type low plasticity concrete form of tearing open.
The technical scheme for solving the technical problems is as follows: the concrete formwork is formed by connecting an upper formwork unit and a lower formwork unit, and each formwork unit is formed by connecting at least 2 groups of panel units through a supporting structure connecting piece and a mortise and tenon structure;
the panel unit is as follows: the panel sets up in panel bearing structure, and adjacent panel bearing structure relative one side all is provided with 2 groups tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches structures, and the bearing structure connecting piece sets up in tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches structure.
The utility model discloses a bearing structure connecting piece does: be provided with the connecting piece horizontal pole on the connecting piece diaphragm, the one end of connecting piece diaphragm is provided with the fourth of the twelve earthly branches shaped plate perpendicularly, and fourth of the twelve earthly branches shaped plate central point puts and is provided with the connecting piece montant mutually perpendicular with the connecting piece horizontal pole, and connecting piece montant top is provided with first adapter sleeve, and connecting piece horizontal pole tip is provided with second adapter sleeve, is provided with the connecting piece stiffener between connecting piece horizontal pole and the connecting piece montant.
The utility model discloses an intraductal button head connecting bolt that is provided with of first connecting sleeve, the intraductal tip connecting bolt that is provided with of second connecting sleeve.
The utility model discloses a mortise and tenon joint structure does: one end of the tenon body is provided with a groove, the other end of the tenon body is fixed on the panel supporting structure, and the mortise shaped plate is inserted into the groove of the tenon body from bottom to top.
The utility model discloses step type low plasticity concrete is quick to be assembled and disassembled formula formwork equipment has solved template erection process loaded down with trivial details in the construction of low plasticity concrete step structure, encloses the low scheduling problem of purlin construction dismouting efficiency, the template turnover efficiency has been solved simultaneously, upper and lower position in the construction of low plasticity concrete step structure can form the upset and recycle, reduced the template installation time when having practiced thrift the cost, make low plasticity concrete can realize the continuous construction operation, the efficiency of construction is improved. Simultaneously the utility model has the advantages of save time limit for a project, operate and use simple and efficient, reduce construction cost, improve the efficiency of construction, construction safe and reliable, simple structure are ingenious, have enough to meet the need efficiently, use lastingly.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the connection of one of the template units of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the installation of fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the support structure connecting member 3 of fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the mortise and tenon structure 4 in fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view showing the connection of one panel unit of fig. 2 to the mortise and tenon structure 4.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the connection of the upper and lower template units in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. a panel; 2. a panel support structure; 3. a support structure connection; 4. a mortise and tenon joint structure; 3-1, connecting piece cross bar; 3-2, connecting piece cross plate; 3-3, forming a mortise plate; 3-4, connecting piece vertical bars; 3-5, a first connecting sleeve; 3-6, connecting piece reinforcing rods; 3-7, a second connecting sleeve; 3-8, connecting a plug with a pointed end; 3-9, round head connecting bolt; 4-1, tenon body.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and examples, but the present invention is not limited to these examples.
Example 1
In fig. 1-7, the utility model relates to a step type low plasticity concrete form that can organize fast and tear open, concrete form comprises two upper and lower template unit connections, and every template unit is organized the panel unit by 2 at least and is passed through bearing structure connecting piece 3 and tenon fourth of the twelve earthly branches structure 4 and connect and constitute.
The panel unit is as follows: the panel 1 is arranged in the panel supporting structure 2, 2 groups of mortise and tenon structures 4 are fixed on the opposite sides of the adjacent panel supporting structures 2, the mortise and tenon structure 4 of the embodiment is composed of a tenon body 4-1, one end of the tenon body 4-1 is provided with a groove, the other end of the tenon body 4-1 is fixed on the panel supporting structure 2,
the supporting structure connecting piece 3 of the embodiment is formed by connecting a connecting piece transverse rod 3-1, a connecting piece transverse plate 3-2, a mortise plate 3-3, a connecting piece vertical rod 3-4, a first connecting sleeve 3-5, a connecting piece reinforcing rod 3-6 and a second connecting sleeve 3-7, wherein the connecting piece transverse plate 3-2 is fixedly provided with the connecting piece transverse rod 3-1, one end of the connecting piece transverse plate 3-2 is vertically provided with the mortise plate 3-3, and the mortise plate 3-3 is inserted into a groove of a tenon body 4-1 from bottom to top. The center of the mortise-shaped plate 3-3 is provided with a connecting piece vertical rod 3-4 vertical to the connecting piece horizontal rod 3-1, the top of the connecting piece vertical rod 3-4 is fixed with a first connecting sleeve 3-5, the end part of the connecting piece horizontal rod 3-1 is fixed with a second connecting sleeve 3-7, and a connecting piece reinforcing rod 3-6 is fixedly arranged between the connecting piece horizontal rod 3-1 and the connecting piece vertical rod 3-4 to form a triangular structure, so that the mortise-shaped plate is more stable and the strength and fastness of the connecting piece are enhanced.
In the embodiment, round-head connecting bolts 3-9 are arranged in the first connecting sleeves 3-5, pointed-end connecting bolts 3-8 are arranged in the second connecting sleeves 3-7, the pointed-end connecting bolts 3-8 are longer than the round-head connecting bolts 3-9, the pointed-end connecting bolts are mainly used for fixing the first-layer template on a foundation surface, the pointed-end connecting bolts 3-8 can be anchored on the foundation surface through the second connecting sleeves 3-7, and the lengths of the connecting bolts can be selected according to different foundation surfaces. The round head connecting bolts 3-9 are mainly used for connecting the upper layer and the lower layer of the supporting structure connecting piece 3 through the first connecting sleeves 3-5, and the round head connecting bolts 3-9 can be replaced by pointed connecting bolts 3-8.
This device adopts mortise and tenon joint structure 4 can be in the same place two panel units link together, can form the extension in length. Meanwhile, the supporting structure connecting piece 3 supports the panel supporting structure 2 without other reinforcing supporting structures (the traditional horizontal and vertical enclosing purlin). Meanwhile, round-head connecting bolts or pointed connecting bolts are used for connecting the upper template unit and the lower template unit, a support and a fixing point are provided for the upper template, and horizontal and vertical extension can be formed.
The working principle of the utility model is as follows:
during construction, a certain number of panels 1 and panel supporting structures 2 are selected according to needs, the mortise and tenon structures 4 of the supporting structure connecting pieces 3 are connected, and the panels can be integrally inserted in an upper-lower sleeve mode or a single-piece left-right clamping mode for connection. The support structure connecting piece 3 not only connects two adjacent templates, but also supports the templates at the same time. After the installation, the pointed connecting bolt 3-8 is nailed on the foundation surface through the second connecting sleeve 3-7, and simultaneously, the nail wedges on the two sides of the connecting piece cross rod 3-1 can also be used for reinforcement.
After the first layer is installed and reinforced, the low-plasticity concrete construction of the first layer can be carried out, and after the concrete construction on the periphery of the template is finished, a second layer template system can be manufactured. The installation of the second layer of templates is the same as that of the first layer. After the mortise and tenon structure 4 is connected, the pointed connecting bolts 3-8 or the round connecting bolts 3-9 are inserted, the panel supporting structure 2 is placed on the compacted concrete surface, and then the second layer of concrete construction can be started.
After the second layer is constructed, the pointed connecting bolt of the first layer is taken out and is nailed in the first connecting sleeve 3-5 in the second layer. The connecting bolts between the second layer and the first layer are taken out, and the first layer template system can be removed for erecting the third layer. And the construction is performed by analogy in sequence. Or taking out the formwork systems of the next layers after multi-layer construction and transferring the formwork systems to the top surface for use.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a step type low plasticity concrete form that can assemble fast, its characterized in that: the concrete formwork is formed by connecting an upper formwork unit and a lower formwork unit, and each formwork unit is formed by connecting at least 2 groups of panel units with a tenon-and-mortise structure (4) through a supporting structure connecting piece (3);
the panel unit is as follows: panel (1) sets up in panel bearing structure (2), and adjacent panel bearing structure (2) relative one side all is provided with 2 groups tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches structures (4), and bearing structure connecting piece (3) set up in tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches structure (4).
2. The rapidly assemblable stepped low-plasticity concrete form as claimed in claim 1, wherein the support structure connecting members (3) are: the connecting piece transverse plate (3-2) is provided with a connecting piece transverse rod (3-1), one end of the connecting piece transverse plate (3-2) is vertically provided with a mortise shaped plate (3-3), the central position of the mortise shaped plate (3-3) is provided with a connecting piece vertical rod (3-4) which is vertical to the connecting piece transverse rod (3-1), the top of the connecting piece vertical rod (3-4) is provided with a first connecting sleeve (3-5), the end part of the connecting piece transverse rod (3-1) is provided with a second connecting sleeve (3-7), and a connecting piece reinforcing rod (3-6) is arranged between the connecting piece transverse rod (3-1) and the connecting piece vertical rod (3-4).
3. The rapidly assemblable and disassemblable stepped low-plasticity concrete form as set forth in claim 2, wherein: round-head connecting bolts (3-9) are arranged in the first connecting sleeves (3-5), and pointed-end connecting bolts (3-8) are arranged in the second connecting sleeves (3-7).
4. The step type low-plasticity concrete template capable of being assembled and disassembled rapidly according to claim 2, wherein the mortise and tenon joint structure (4) is as follows: one end of the tenon body (4-1) is provided with a groove, the other end of the tenon body (4-1) is fixed on the panel supporting structure (2), and the mortise shaped plate (3-3) is inserted into the groove of the tenon body (4-1) from bottom to top.
CN202023128209.6U 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Step type low-plasticity concrete formwork capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly Active CN214462574U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023128209.6U CN214462574U (en) 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Step type low-plasticity concrete formwork capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023128209.6U CN214462574U (en) 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Step type low-plasticity concrete formwork capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214462574U true CN214462574U (en) 2021-10-22

Family

ID=78192301

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202023128209.6U Active CN214462574U (en) 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Step type low-plasticity concrete formwork capable of being assembled and disassembled quickly

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214462574U (en)

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